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Study sets matching "classification viruses bacteria"

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Study sets matching "classification viruses bacteria"

38 terms
Classification, Bacteria and Viruses
taxonomy
binomial nomenclature
genus
taxon
discipline of classifying organisms and assigning each organi…
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
group of closely related species, and the first part of the s…
group or level of organization into which organisms are class…
taxonomy
discipline of classifying organisms and assigning each organi…
binomial nomenclature
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
11 terms
Biology - Classification, Bacteria and Viruses
Binomial Nomenclature
Species
Scientific Name
Autotroph
2-word naming system developed by Linnaeus
Group of organisms with similar characteristics that can prod…
2 words, written in Latin, genus and species names
An organism that makes its own food
Binomial Nomenclature
2-word naming system developed by Linnaeus
Species
Group of organisms with similar characteristics that can prod…
27 terms
Classification/ Viruses and Bacteria
Classification
Taxonomy
Aristotle
Linnaeus
Dividing organisms into meaningful categories
Science of classifying organisms
Developed 1st classification system, organisms were either pl…
Expanded classification system by organizing organism into gr…
Classification
Dividing organisms into meaningful categories
Taxonomy
Science of classifying organisms
14 terms
Classification Viruses & Bacteria vocab
taxonomy
taxonomic key
virus
host cell
the scientific study of how living things are classified
a series of paired statements that describes the physical cha…
a small, non-living particle that invades and then reproduces…
a cell that a virus lives in
taxonomy
the scientific study of how living things are classified
taxonomic key
a series of paired statements that describes the physical cha…
37 terms
Viruses, Classification, and Bacteria
Structure of Vriuses
Lytic Cycle
Life Cycles of Viruses
Lysogenic Cycle
1. Capsid - made of protein coats... 2. Nucleic Acid - DNA
Virus kills the host cell
1. Attachment - virus attaches to host cell... 2. Entry - viral…
Virus reproduces when cell reproduces
Structure of Vriuses
1. Capsid - made of protein coats... 2. Nucleic Acid - DNA
Lytic Cycle
Virus kills the host cell
45 terms
Classification, Viruses, & Bacteria
Kingdom
Phylum or Division
Class
Order
Contains similar phyla/divisions
Contains similar classes
similar orders
similar families
Kingdom
Contains similar phyla/divisions
Phylum or Division
Contains similar classes
35 terms
Classification, Viruses, and Bacteria review
Discovered the modern system of classi…
Level of taxa in order
Rules of scientific naming
4.
Linnaeus
Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species
genus the same, whoever discovers the new species can name
Turtle
Discovered the modern system of classi…
Linnaeus
Level of taxa in order
Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species
Classification, Viruses, Bacteria (pics)
Cladogram
Enveloped Virus
Helical Virus
Polyhedral Virus
Cladogram
Enveloped Virus
40 terms
Bio - Classification, Viruses, and Bacteria
Systematics
Bionomial Nomenclature
Genus
Taxon
study of the diversity of life and the evolutionary relations…
two word naming system for each species
a group of closely related species; the first part of the sci…
group or level of organization into which organisms are class…
Systematics
study of the diversity of life and the evolutionary relations…
Bionomial Nomenclature
two word naming system for each species
37 terms
Classification, Bacteria, and Viruses
Taxonomy
Binomial Nomenclature
Dichotomous Key
Taxon
study of the general principles of scientific classification
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
a key for the identification of organisms based on a series o…
study of the general principles of scientific classification
Taxonomy
study of the general principles of scientific classification
Binomial Nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
37 terms
Classification, Bacteria, and Viruses
Taxonomy
Binomial nomenclature
Dichotomous key
Taxon
study of the general principles of scientific classification
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
a key for the identification of organisms based on a series o…
study of the general principles of scientific classification
Taxonomy
study of the general principles of scientific classification
Binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
37 terms
Classification, bacteria, and viruses
Taxonomy
Binomial nomenclature
Dichotomous key
Taxon
Naming and classifying organisms
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
step by step approach to identify an organism using a series…
Naming and classifying organisms
Taxonomy
Naming and classifying organisms
Binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
18 terms
Bio- classification, bacteria, and viruses
Fungi
Methanogen
Thermophile
Halophile
An organism that absorbs nutrients from the environment.
A group of archaebacteria that produce methane as a by produc…
Organisms that are found in conditions hot enough that most o…
"salt-loving" archaea that live in environments that have ver…
Fungi
An organism that absorbs nutrients from the environment.
Methanogen
A group of archaebacteria that produce methane as a by produc…
Classification: Viruses and Bacteria
Which record chronicles macroevolution?
Relative dating
What must you know for radiometric dat…
What is the primary isotope used in da…
Fossil record
The sequence of fossils in rock strata that indicate relative…
1) The 1/2 life of the isotope... 2) How much isotope was origin…
C14
Which record chronicles macroevolution?
Fossil record
Relative dating
The sequence of fossils in rock strata that indicate relative…
43 terms
Viruses, Bacteria, Classification
What are the 3 domains?
Which of the domains are pro.?
Which of the domains are euk.?
What are the 6 kingdoms?
Bacteria... Archaea... Eukarya
Bacteria + Archaea
Eukarya
Bacteria... Archea... Anamalia... plantae... Fungi... Protista
What are the 3 domains?
Bacteria... Archaea... Eukarya
Which of the domains are pro.?
Bacteria + Archaea
39 terms
Classification, Viruses, Bacteria
a method of hypothesizing relationship…
a taxon (group of organisms) which for…
group of organisms that includes an an…
taxon that does not include the common…
cladistic analysis
monophyletic group
paraphyletic group
polyphyletic group
a method of hypothesizing relationship…
cladistic analysis
a taxon (group of organisms) which for…
monophyletic group
40 terms
Classification, Viruses & Bacteria Review
Who developed the modern system of cla…
Levels of taxa in order
What are the rules of scientific naming?
Using the cladogram to the right, whic…
Linnaeus
domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
Always two names, First letter in first name capitalized, and…
turtle
Who developed the modern system of cla…
Linnaeus
Levels of taxa in order
domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
16 terms
Viruses, Bacteria, Classification
Binomial Nomenclature
Levels of organization
Linnaeus and Aristotle
Helpful and harmful bacteria
2 part naming system developed by Linnaeus where organisms ar…
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Aristotle developed the first classification system bases on…
Helpful: food such as cheese, yogurt, sour cream, environment…
Binomial Nomenclature
2 part naming system developed by Linnaeus where organisms ar…
Levels of organization
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
37 terms
Bio- classification, bacteria, and viruses
Taxonomy
Binomial nomenclature
Dichotomous key
Taxon
(biology) study of the general principles of scientific class…
A system for giving each organism a two-word scientific name…
a key for the identification of organisms based on a series o…
A level of Taxonomy.
Taxonomy
(biology) study of the general principles of scientific class…
Binomial nomenclature
A system for giving each organism a two-word scientific name…
19 terms
Bio- classification, bacteria, and viruses
Archae
Fungi
Methanogen
Thermophile
A scientific investigation of the cultural remains of people…
An organism that absorbs nutrients from the environment.
A group of archaebacteria that produce methane as a by produc…
Organisms that are found in conditions hot enough that most o…
Archae
A scientific investigation of the cultural remains of people…
Fungi
An organism that absorbs nutrients from the environment.
37 terms
Bio- classification, bacteria, and viruses
Taxonomy
Binomial nomenclature
Dichotomous key
Taxon
(biology) study of the general principles of scientific class…
A system for giving each organism a two-word scientific name…
a key for the identification of organisms based on a series o…
A level of Taxonomy.
Taxonomy
(biology) study of the general principles of scientific class…
Binomial nomenclature
A system for giving each organism a two-word scientific name…
25 terms
Biology: classification, Bacteria, and Viruses
Binomial Nomenclature
Domain
Kingdom
Phylum
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
1st Taxonomy rank
2nd Taxonomy rank
(biology) the major taxonomic group of animals and plants
Binomial Nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
Domain
1st Taxonomy rank
Classification, Viruses, + Bacteria Test
taxonomy
History of classification
- 1700s Carolus Linnaeaus
Binomial nomenclature
- science of classifying organisms... - 1.5 million species of o…
- Aristotle (384-322)... - 1st system - plants or animals... - Call…
Who worked with binomial nomenclature AND artificial classifi…
What had more flexibility than other systems?
taxonomy
- science of classifying organisms... - 1.5 million species of o…
History of classification
- Aristotle (384-322)... - 1st system - plants or animals... - Call…
37 terms
Biology: classification, Bacteria, and Viruses
Taxonomy
Binomial Nomenclature
Domain
Taxon
Naming and classifying organisms
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
1st Taxonomy rank
(biology) study of the general principles of scientific class…
Taxonomy
Naming and classifying organisms
Binomial Nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
33 terms
Classification, bacteria, and viruses
Alexander Fleming
Species
Nitrogen Fixation
Antibiotics
Scientists who accidently discovered penicillin.
The smallest and most specific taxon.
Helpful way in which bacteria convert nitrogen gas to ammonia
Substance which destroys bacteria or inhibits them from repro…
Alexander Fleming
Scientists who accidently discovered penicillin.
Species
The smallest and most specific taxon.
17 terms
Classification/Bacteria/Protists/Viruses
taxonomy
cladogram
derived characteristics
viruses
SCIENCE OF CLASSIFICATION; IN BIOLOGY, THE PROCESS OF CLASSIF…
A diagram that is based on patterns of shared, derived traits…
trait that differs in structure or function from that found i…
Tiny particles, smaller than bacteria and other pathogens, wh…
taxonomy
SCIENCE OF CLASSIFICATION; IN BIOLOGY, THE PROCESS OF CLASSIF…
cladogram
A diagram that is based on patterns of shared, derived traits…
54 terms
Classification, bacteria, and viruses
Alexander Fleming
Species
Nitrogen fixation
Antibiotics
Scientist who accidentally discovered penicillin
The smallest and most specific taxon
Helpful way in which bacteria convert nitrogen gas to ammonia
Substance which destroys bacteria or inhibits them from repro…
Alexander Fleming
Scientist who accidentally discovered penicillin
Species
The smallest and most specific taxon
79 terms
Classification, viruses, bacteria
Classification
Taxonomy
Early taxonomy
Aristotle's (384-322 BCE) system
Grouping organisms based on similarities
Branch of biology that groups and names organisms based on si…
Based on Aristotle's system
Grouped plants by size and animals by where they live; not ve…
Classification
Grouping organisms based on similarities
Taxonomy
Branch of biology that groups and names organisms based on si…
40 terms
Viruses/Bacteria/Classification vocab
taxonomy
Bionominal Nomenclature
genus
man who created scientific system of n…
the science of naming and classifying organisms
system that gives each species a two-part scientific name usi…
one or more physically similar species thought to be closely…
Carolus Linnaeus
taxonomy
the science of naming and classifying organisms
Bionominal Nomenclature
system that gives each species a two-part scientific name usi…
29 terms
Classification, bacteria, viruses
Taxonomomy
Binomial nomenclature
Dichotomous key
Cladogram
Study of the scientific classification of organisms
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
a key for the identification of organisms based on a series o…
A diagram that is based on patterns of shared, derived traits…
Taxonomomy
Study of the scientific classification of organisms
Binomial nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
17 terms
Classification, Bacteria, Viruses
virus
prophage
gram negative
gram positive
particle made up of nucleic acid, protein, and in some cases…
the viral DNA that is embedded in the host cells DNA
thin cell wall; stain pink
thick cell wall; stain purple
virus
particle made up of nucleic acid, protein, and in some cases…
prophage
the viral DNA that is embedded in the host cells DNA
44 terms
Classification/Viruses/Bacteria
Taxonomy
Early Taxonomy
Linneaus's System
Taxonomic Rankings
The branch of biology that groups and names organisms based o…
Aristotle- (384-322 BC)... Grouped plants by size and animals by…
Grouped organisms based on structural similarities
From larger groups to smaller groups
Taxonomy
The branch of biology that groups and names organisms based o…
Early Taxonomy
Aristotle- (384-322 BC)... Grouped plants by size and animals by…
46 terms
Classification, Viruses, & Bacteria
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family,…
Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya
Animalia, Archaebacteria, Eubacteria,…
Eubacteria
seven taxonomic categories
three domains
six kingdoms
contains peptidoglycan
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family,…
seven taxonomic categories
Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya
three domains
70 terms
Classification and Bacteria/Viruses
Animalia
Archaea
Archaebacteria
Bacteria
Multicellular, heterotrophic, do no have cell walls, great di…
Contains Kingdom Archaebacteria... 1) unicellular prokaryotes, l…
Cell walls lack peptidoglycan, This bacteria lives in extreme…
Prokaryotic cells-> unicellular with NO nucleus or membrane b…
Animalia
Multicellular, heterotrophic, do no have cell walls, great di…
Archaea
Contains Kingdom Archaebacteria... 1) unicellular prokaryotes, l…
40 terms
classification and bacteria/viruses
first taxonomist
father of taxonomy
taxonomic category is also known as a
taxonomic groups
Aristotle
linnaeus
taxon
did king philip come over for good spagetti
first taxonomist
Aristotle
father of taxonomy
linnaeus
29 terms
Classification, Viruses, Bacteria
Classification
Taxonomy
Aristotle
Linnaeus
Grouping of organisms based on a set of criteria
Branch of biology concerned with classification
4th century BC Greek philosopher who divided organisms into p…
18th century Swedish scientist who classified living things i…
Classification
Grouping of organisms based on a set of criteria
Taxonomy
Branch of biology concerned with classification
22 terms
classification, bacteria, and viruses
taxonomy
domain
coccus
binary fission
science of classification
largest and most general (ex: bacteria, archae, eukarya)
shere
is a kind of asexual reproduction
taxonomy
science of classification
domain
largest and most general (ex: bacteria, archae, eukarya)
51 terms
Classification, Bacteria, and Viruses
Taxonomy
Classification History
Binomial Nomenclature
King Philip Came Over For Good Spaghetti
- The science of classifying organisms... - Organisms are someti…
- Aristotle: 1st system - plants or animals... - Called artifici…
- Invented in the 1700s by Carolus Linnaeaus... - Also an artifi…
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Taxonomy
- The science of classifying organisms... - Organisms are someti…
Classification History
- Aristotle: 1st system - plants or animals... - Called artifici…
44 terms
Classification, Viruses, and Bacteria
Old Naming System
Taxonomy
Linnaeus
Binomial nomenclature
Anyone could name an organism, based on organism's looks, com…
Science of naming and classifying organisms
Created the Binomial nomenclature
System that gives each species a two-part scientific name (La…
Old Naming System
Anyone could name an organism, based on organism's looks, com…
Taxonomy
Science of naming and classifying organisms
64 terms
Classification, Viruses, Bacteria
old naming system
taxonomy
advantages of taxonomy
Binomial nomenclature
based on looks, anyone can name, not standard
standard of naming and classifying organism
standard so easy to discuss, organized
system that gives each species a 2 part name
old naming system
based on looks, anyone can name, not standard
taxonomy
standard of naming and classifying organism
29 terms
bacteria, classification, viruses
viruses are measured in?
protein coat surrounding viruses is
viruses can reproduce in
a ________ surrounds capsids and prote…
nanometers
capsid
host cell
envelope
viruses are measured in?
nanometers
protein coat surrounding viruses is
capsid
101 terms
Classification, Bacteria, Viruses
Taxonomy
1.5 million
30 to 40 thousand
Aristotle
___________ is the science of classifying organisms
taxonomist has _______ species of organisms
_____________ species are added to taxonomist each year
_________ created 1st system of plants and animals
Taxonomy
___________ is the science of classifying organisms
1.5 million
taxonomist has _______ species of organisms
15 terms
Classification, Bacteria, Viruses
taxonomy
taxon
Carol Linnaeus
binomial nomenclature
the discipline of naming and grouping organisms
a level in the classification
created classification levels
each species is assigned a two-part scientific name
taxonomy
the discipline of naming and grouping organisms
taxon
a level in the classification
56 terms
Classification, Viruses, + Bacteria
Systematics
Taxonomy
Classification
Aristotle
The study of biological diversity at all levels of organizati…
The science by which things are classified and places into gr…
Naming an organism
First classification system based on plants/animals and their…
Systematics
The study of biological diversity at all levels of organizati…
Taxonomy
The science by which things are classified and places into gr…
45 terms
Classification, Viruses, Bacteria, Plants
Binomial Nomenclature
Carolus Linnaeus
Carl Woese
Systematics
Classification system in which each species is assigned a 2 p…
Created binomial nomenclature
Created 6 kingdoms and 3 domain system
Study of diversity of life and the evolutionary relationships…
Binomial Nomenclature
Classification system in which each species is assigned a 2 p…
Carolus Linnaeus
Created binomial nomenclature
20 terms
Classification and Bacteria/Viruses Vocabulary
Classification
Taxon
Taxonomy
Binomial Nomenclature
The action or process of classifying something according to s…
A taxonomic group of any rank, such as a species, family, or…
The branch of science concerned with classification, especial…
The system of nomenclature in which two terms are used to den…
Classification
The action or process of classifying something according to s…
Taxon
A taxonomic group of any rank, such as a species, family, or…
Classification, Viruses, and Bacteria
taxonomy
carlos linnaeus
domain... kingdom... phylum... class... order... fami…
evolutionary classificiation
discipline of biology that classifies organism into general t…
18th century swedish botanist -- developed system (2 name nam…
order of taxons
strategy of grouping organisms together based on their evolut…
taxonomy
discipline of biology that classifies organism into general t…
carlos linnaeus
18th century swedish botanist -- developed system (2 name nam…
40 terms
Classification, Viruses and Bacteria
Which classification is the largest?
Which is the smallest classification?
Your scientific name
3 reasons why viruses are not alive
Domain
Species
Homo sapien
No energy ... Do not grow ... Produce no waste product
Which classification is the largest?
Domain
Which is the smallest classification?
Species
52 terms
Bio Viruses/bacteria/classification
Domain Bacteria
Domain Archaea
Domain Eukarya
Kingdom Eubacteria
Contains Kingdom EUBACTERIA
Contains Kingdom ARCHAEBACTERIA
Contains kingdoms PROTISTA, FUNGI, PLANTAE, ANIMALIA
Domain Bacteria... -Prokaryote... -Cell wall containing peptidoglyc…
Domain Bacteria
Contains Kingdom EUBACTERIA
Domain Archaea
Contains Kingdom ARCHAEBACTERIA
43 terms
Bacteria, Viruses, and Classification
plasmid
gram-positive bacteria
gram-negative bacteria
structure of a bacteria cell
...a circular DNA loop in bacteria.
bacterial cell wall structure with thick layer of peptidoglyc…
bacterial cell wall structure with thin layer of peptidoglyca…
Have a cell membrane and an outer cell wall.
plasmid
...a circular DNA loop in bacteria.
gram-positive bacteria
bacterial cell wall structure with thick layer of peptidoglyc…
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