Study sets matching "classifications joint"

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Study sets matching "classifications joint"

14 terms
Joint Classifications
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Diarthroses
Articular Cartilage
Immovable joint that lacks synovial cavity and held together…
Slightly movable joints connected by fibrocartilage
aka synovial joints; freely movable joints
Connective tissue covering the ends of long bones
Synarthroses
Immovable joint that lacks synovial cavity and held together…
Amphiarthroses
Slightly movable joints connected by fibrocartilage
6 terms
Joint Classifications
Gliding
Hinge
Pivot
Condyloid
Allow the bones to glide past one another in any direction al…
Allows for angular movements, such as elbow or knee.
Allows rotational moves
Allows significant movement in two planes. 2 bones fitting in…
Gliding
Allow the bones to glide past one another in any direction al…
Hinge
Allows for angular movements, such as elbow or knee.
Joint Classifications
Hinge
Pivot
Ball and Socket
Saddle Joint
Flexion-Extension: Knee
Rotation of one bone around another: Neck
Flexion-Extension & Internal Rotation & Adduction - Abduction…
Flexion-Extension, Adduction-Abduction, Circumduction: Thumb
Hinge
Flexion-Extension: Knee
Pivot
Rotation of one bone around another: Neck
9 terms
joint classifications
How joints are classified
fibrous joint
cartilaginous joint
synovial joint
-by structure or function... -structural classification based on…
The surfaces of the bones fit closely together and are held t…
The bones are connected by cartilage, as in the symphysis (jo…
-The bones have a space between them called the joint cavity.…
How joints are classified
-by structure or function... -structural classification based on…
fibrous joint
The surfaces of the bones fit closely together and are held t…
7 terms
Joint Classifications
synarthrosis
amphiarthrosis
diarthrosis
fibrous joints
immovable joint
slightly movable joint
freely movable joint
joints formed by a solid mass of connective tissue b/neighbor…
synarthrosis
immovable joint
amphiarthrosis
slightly movable joint
9 terms
Joint Classifications
1. Structural Classification
Synovial Cavity
A. Fibrous Joints
B. Cartilagenous Joints
-based on ... 1) Type of connective tissue binding together... 2) P…
A space between articulating bones
Bones held together by fibrous connective tissue, rich in col…
Bones held together by cartilage, NO synovial cavity
1. Structural Classification
-based on ... 1) Type of connective tissue binding together... 2) P…
Synovial Cavity
A space between articulating bones
Joint Classifications
Trochoid/Pivot
Ginglymus/Hinge
Condyloid/Ellipsoidal
Sellar/Saddle
-Atlantoaxial Jt.... -Proximal Raldial Ulnar Jt
-Cubital Jt... -Talocrural Jt... -interphalangeal Jt
-Metacarpophalangeal Jt.... -Radiocarpal Jt.... -Atlantoaxial Jt.
-Carpometacarpal Jt. (thumb)... -Sternoclavicular Jt.
Trochoid/Pivot
-Atlantoaxial Jt.... -Proximal Raldial Ulnar Jt
Ginglymus/Hinge
-Cubital Jt... -Talocrural Jt... -interphalangeal Jt
Joint classifications
Fibrous joints
Cartilaginous joints
Synovial joints
Synarthrosis
-No synovial cavity... -Bones are held together by dense irregul…
-No synovial cavity... -Bones are held together by cartilage
-Synovial cavity... -Bones are united by the dense irregular CT…
An immovable joint
Fibrous joints
-No synovial cavity... -Bones are held together by dense irregul…
Cartilaginous joints
-No synovial cavity... -Bones are held together by cartilage
Joint Classifications
Functional
Structural
Fibrous
Cartilaginous
Synarthrosis (no), Amphiarthrosis (some), and Diarthrosis (mo…
Fibrous, Cartilaginous, and Synovial
Suture, Syndesmosis, and Gomphosis
Symphysis, Synchondrosis
Functional
Synarthrosis (no), Amphiarthrosis (some), and Diarthrosis (mo…
Structural
Fibrous, Cartilaginous, and Synovial
20 terms
Joint Classifications
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Symphysis
Syndesmoses
Immovable joint that lacks synovial cavity and held together…
Slightly movable joints between two bones-
The opposed surfaces of the bone are connected through fibroc…
The fibrocartilage forms an interosseous ligament between the…
Synarthroses
Immovable joint that lacks synovial cavity and held together…
Amphiarthroses
Slightly movable joints between two bones-
Joint Classifications
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Diarthrosis
Fibrous joints
immovable joint
slightly movable joint
freely movable joint
fibrous cartilage, adds connective tissue and holds joint tog…
Synarthrosis
immovable joint
Amphiarthrosis
slightly movable joint
9 terms
Joint Classifications
Synarthrodial Joints
Amphiarthrodial Joints
Diarthrodial Joints
Arthrodial Joints
immovable joints ... -suture in cranial bones... -gomphosis in sock…
slightly movable joints... -syndesmosis in the inferior tibiofib…
freely movable joints
gliding joints... ex: carpal bones of the wrist and the tarsomet…
Synarthrodial Joints
immovable joints ... -suture in cranial bones... -gomphosis in sock…
Amphiarthrodial Joints
slightly movable joints... -syndesmosis in the inferior tibiofib…
Joint Classifications
Bony
Fibrous
Cartilaginous
Synovial
formed by 2 bones fused together
2 bones connected by connective tissue fibers
connected by cartilage
consists of a fibrous capsule and an inner membrane enclosing…
Bony
formed by 2 bones fused together
Fibrous
2 bones connected by connective tissue fibers
17 terms
Joints/Joint Classifications
Joint
Arthrology
Kinesiology
Cartilage
junction of two or more structures so as to admit of motion;…
study of joints
study of motion
connective tissue characterized by its nonvascularity and fir…
Joint
junction of two or more structures so as to admit of motion;…
Arthrology
study of joints
14 terms
Joint Classifications
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Diarthroses
Articular Cartilage
Immovable joint that lacks synovial cavity and held together…
Slightly movable joints connected by fibrocartilage
aka synovial joints; freely movable joints
Connective tissue covering the ends of long bones
Synarthroses
Immovable joint that lacks synovial cavity and held together…
Amphiarthroses
Slightly movable joints connected by fibrocartilage
15 terms
Joint Classifications
Functional classifications:
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Diarthrosis
Synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, diarthrosis
a joint that does not exhibit movement
a joint that exhibits slight movement
a joint that moves freely
Functional classifications:
Synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, diarthrosis
Synarthrosis
a joint that does not exhibit movement
Joint classifications
Symphysis
Gomphosis
Suture
Synchondrosis
Amphiarthrotic... Cartilaginous... Ex. Intervertebral discs
Synarthrotic... Fibrous... Ex. Teeth
Synarthrotic ... Fibrous ... Ex. Saggital suture
Synarthrotic... Cartilaginous... Ex. Epiphyseal Plates
Symphysis
Amphiarthrotic... Cartilaginous... Ex. Intervertebral discs
Gomphosis
Synarthrotic... Fibrous... Ex. Teeth
6 terms
Joint classifications
synchondrosis
synostosis
syndesmosis
symphysis
synarthrotic hyaline cartilaginous joint
synarthrotic bony fusion
amphiarthrotic fibrous joint (connects ulna to radius)
amphiarthrotic cartilaginous joint (pelvis & vertebrae)
synchondrosis
synarthrotic hyaline cartilaginous joint
synostosis
synarthrotic bony fusion
Joint Classifications
Fibrous
Fibrous
Fibrous
Fibrous
Adjoining bones connected by dense regular connective tissue;…
1. Suture (short fibers)... 2. Syndesmosis (longer fibers)... 3. Go…
1. Squamous suture between the parietal and temporal bones... 2.…
1. Synarthrosis (immovable)... 2. Amphiarthrosis (slightly movea…
Fibrous
Adjoining bones connected by dense regular connective tissue;…
Fibrous
1. Suture (short fibers)... 2. Syndesmosis (longer fibers)... 3. Go…
Joint Classifications
Synarthroses (functional classification)
Fibrous (structural classification)
Sutures
Gompohsis
non-moveable to slightly moveable
no joint cavity - not moveable
found between bones of skull. Fibrous material usually replac…
fibrous join between the root of a tooth and the alveolus of…
Synarthroses (functional classification)
non-moveable to slightly moveable
Fibrous (structural classification)
no joint cavity - not moveable
23 terms
Joint Classifications
fibrous joint structural characteristics
cartilaginous joint structural charact…
synovial joint structural characterist…
gomphosis
dense irregular connective tissue; holds together the ends of…
pad of cartilage between ends of bones
ends of bones covered with articular cartilage; joint cavity…
holds tooth to bony jaw
fibrous joint structural characteristics
dense irregular connective tissue; holds together the ends of…
cartilaginous joint structural charact…
pad of cartilage between ends of bones
6 terms
Joint Classifications
Fibrous
Cartilaginous
Synovial
Synarthrosis
adjoining bones connected by dense regular connective tissue;…
adjoining bones united by cartilage; no joint cavity ... - synch…
adjoining bones covered in articular cartilage; separated by…
immovable
Fibrous
adjoining bones connected by dense regular connective tissue;…
Cartilaginous
adjoining bones united by cartilage; no joint cavity ... - synch…
14 terms
Joint Classifications
Fibrous
Cartilaginous
Synovial
Gomphosis
Dense regular connective tissue holds together the ends of bo…
Pad of cartilage is wedged between the ends of bones; no join…
Ends of bones covered with articular cartilage; joint cavity…
Periodontal membranes hold tooth to bony jaw.... Synarthrosis (…
Fibrous
Dense regular connective tissue holds together the ends of bo…
Cartilaginous
Pad of cartilage is wedged between the ends of bones; no join…
21 terms
Joint Classifications
Fibrous
Cartilaginous
Synovial
Synarthrosis
dense regular CT; no joint cavity
pad of cartilage, no joint cavity
articular cartilage; joint cavity, articular capsule (egg), s…
immobile
Fibrous
dense regular CT; no joint cavity
Cartilaginous
pad of cartilage, no joint cavity
6 terms
Joint Classifications
Fibrous
Cartilaginous
Synovial
Synarthroses
Convective fibrous tissue... Ex: Sutures, Syndesmoses, Gomohosis
Cartilage... Ex: Symphyses (fibrocartilage), Sychondrosis (hyali…
Structure of joint
Immovable
Fibrous
Convective fibrous tissue... Ex: Sutures, Syndesmoses, Gomohosis
Cartilaginous
Cartilage... Ex: Symphyses (fibrocartilage), Sychondrosis (hyali…
17 terms
Joint Classifications
Fibrous
Cartilaginous
Synovial
Gomphosis
Has no joint cavity and occurs where bones are held together…
Has no joint cavity and occurs where bones are joined by cart…
Has a fluid-filled joint cavity that separates the articulati…
Periodontal membranes hold tooth to bony jaw. Fibrous; synart…
Fibrous
Has no joint cavity and occurs where bones are held together…
Cartilaginous
Has no joint cavity and occurs where bones are joined by cart…
Joint Classifications
Synarthroses (functional)
Amphiarthroses (functional)
Diarthroses (functional)
Fibrous (structural)
Immoveable joint. Stronger because the bones are closer toget…
Slightly moveable joint, like the symphysis of the pelvis
Freely moveable joint, like the knee
Has no joint cavity, tightly connected. Contain fibrous conne…
Synarthroses (functional)
Immoveable joint. Stronger because the bones are closer toget…
Amphiarthroses (functional)
Slightly moveable joint, like the symphysis of the pelvis
joint classifications
suture
syndesmosis
gomphosis
synchondrosis
skull
shin splints
tooth socket
growth plates
suture
skull
syndesmosis
shin splints
10 terms
Joint Classifications
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Diarthrosis
Pubic symphysis (symphysis joint)
Fibrous joint; suture and syndesmosis
Cartilaginous joint; synchondrosis and symphysis
Synovial joint (synovial fluid prevents/lessens friction); gl…
Motions are slight, especially during childbirth
Synarthrosis
Fibrous joint; suture and syndesmosis
Amphiarthrosis
Cartilaginous joint; synchondrosis and symphysis
Joint Classifications
Synarthrodial
Amphiarthrodial
Diarthrodial
Amphiarthrodial Categories
No Movement
Slight Movement
Freely Moving
Syndesmosis-tibiofibular ... Synchondrosis-ribs.. chondral ... Symp…
Synarthrodial
No Movement
Amphiarthrodial
Slight Movement
19 terms
Joint Classifications
Functional options
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Diarthrosis
synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, and diarthrosis
no movement
little movement
free movement
Functional options
synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, and diarthrosis
Synarthrosis
no movement
Joint Classifications
Hinge (Uniaxial)
Concave-Convex (Biaxial)
Pivot (Uniaxial)
Ball & Socket (Multiaxial)
Ginglymus
Condyloidal
Trochoidal
Enarthrodial
Hinge (Uniaxial)
Ginglymus
Concave-Convex (Biaxial)
Condyloidal
14 terms
joint classifications
sutures
syndesmoses
gomphoses
synchondroses
fibrous
fibrous
fibrous
cartilaginous
sutures
fibrous
syndesmoses
fibrous
Joint Classifications
Fibrous Joints
Syndesmoses
Sutures
Gomphoses
Syndesmoses... Sutures... Gomphoses
Type of fibrous joint... Amphiarthodial (slightly moveable)... Exam…
Type of fibrous joint... Synarthrodial (immovable)... Example: Skul…
Type of fibrous joint ... Very limited movement... Example: Areas a…
Fibrous Joints
Syndesmoses... Sutures... Gomphoses
Syndesmoses
Type of fibrous joint... Amphiarthodial (slightly moveable)... Exam…
17 terms
Joint classifications
General stuctural characteristics of f…
General stuctural characteristics of c…
General stuctural characteristics of s…
Structural categories of fibrous
Dense regular connective tissue holds together the ends of bo…
Pad of cartilage is wedged between the ends of bones; no join…
Ends of bones covered with articular cartilage; joint cavity…
Gomphosis, suture, and syndesmosis
General stuctural characteristics of f…
Dense regular connective tissue holds together the ends of bo…
General stuctural characteristics of c…
Pad of cartilage is wedged between the ends of bones; no join…
9 terms
Joint Classifications
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Diarthrosis
Arthrodial
immovable or very slightly moveable joint. Examples are sutur…
slightly moveable joints (ex: discs between vertebral bodies)
freely movable joints (Synovial joints)
plane or gliding joint
Synarthrosis
immovable or very slightly moveable joint. Examples are sutur…
Amphiarthrosis
slightly moveable joints (ex: discs between vertebral bodies)
Joint Classifications
Skeletal muscle tissue
Smooth muscle tissue
Cardiac muscle tissue
Neurons nervous tissue
fxn: moves skeleton voluntarily & heat production
fxn: involuntary movements within internal organs
fxn: involuntary contraction pumps blood throughout body
fxn: command & control, info processing, storage & retrieval,…
Skeletal muscle tissue
fxn: moves skeleton voluntarily & heat production
Smooth muscle tissue
fxn: involuntary movements within internal organs
13 terms
Joint Classifications
fibrous joint
gomphosis
synchrondrosis
snyostosis
A synarthrotic joint located only between the bones of the sk…
A synarthrosis that binds the teeth to bony sockets in the ma…
A synarthrotic joint that is a rigid, cartilaginous bridge be…
A totally rigid, immovable joint formed when two bones fuse a…
fibrous joint
A synarthrotic joint located only between the bones of the sk…
gomphosis
A synarthrosis that binds the teeth to bony sockets in the ma…
12 terms
Joint Classifications
type of cartilage in symphysis
functional classes
cartilagenous subclasses
structures all synovial joints have
fibrocartilage
synarthrosis ... amphiarthrosis ... diarthrosis
synchondrosis ... symphysis
articular cartilage ... joint cavity... joint capsule ... ligaments ... s…
type of cartilage in symphysis
fibrocartilage
functional classes
synarthrosis ... amphiarthrosis ... diarthrosis
Joint Classifications
Scapulothoracic joint
Sternoclavicular joint
Acromioclavicular joint
Glenohumeral joint
diarthrotic
arthrodial (gliding)
arthrodial (gliding)
Enarthrodial (ball-and-socket)
Scapulothoracic joint
diarthrotic
Sternoclavicular joint
arthrodial (gliding)
Joint classifications
Synarthrosis
Synarthrotic: Structural categories
Synarthrotic: Structural Types
Amphiarthrosis
No movement
Bony... Gomphosis... Cartilages... Fibrous
Synostosis ... Gomphosis... Synchondosis... Sutures
Slight movement
Synarthrosis
No movement
Synarthrotic: Structural categories
Bony... Gomphosis... Cartilages... Fibrous
9 terms
Joint Classifications
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Diarthrosis
Gomphosis
No movement
Some movement
Freely moveable
Fibrous, synarthrosis, teeth
Synarthrosis
No movement
Amphiarthrosis
Some movement
10 terms
Joint Classifications
Suture(short fibers)
Syndesmosis(longer fibers)
Synchondrosis(hyaline cartilage)
Symphysis(fibrocartilage)
fibrous syarthrosis
fibrous amphiarthrosis
cartilaginous synarthrosis
cartilaginous amphiarthrosis
Suture(short fibers)
fibrous syarthrosis
Syndesmosis(longer fibers)
fibrous amphiarthrosis
14 terms
Joint Classifications
Fibrous Joints
Gomphosis
Suture
Syndemosis
Dense regular connective tissue holds together the end of bon…
Periodontal membranes hold tooth to bony jaw.
Dense regular tissue connects skull bones.
Dense regular connective tissue fibers (interosseous membrane…
Fibrous Joints
Dense regular connective tissue holds together the end of bon…
Gomphosis
Periodontal membranes hold tooth to bony jaw.
Joint Classifications
Humeroscapular (Shoulder)
Humeroulnar and Humeroradial (Elbow)
Radioulnar (proximal)
Radioulnar (distal)
diarthrosis synovial ball and socket flexion, extension, abdu…
diarthrosis synovial hinge flexion and extension
diarthrosis synovial pivot rotation
diarthrosis synovial pivot pronation and supination
Humeroscapular (Shoulder)
diarthrosis synovial ball and socket flexion, extension, abdu…
Humeroulnar and Humeroradial (Elbow)
diarthrosis synovial hinge flexion and extension
17 terms
Joint Classifications
Fibrous
Gomphosis
Suture
Syndesmosis
Dense regular connective tissue holds together the ends of bo…
Periodontal membrane hold tooth to bony jaw
Dense regular connective tissue connects skull bones
Dense regular connective tissue fibers between bones. (Intero…
Fibrous
Dense regular connective tissue holds together the ends of bo…
Gomphosis
Periodontal membrane hold tooth to bony jaw
6 terms
Joint classifications
Costovertebral
costotransverse
sternocostal
lumbosacral
synovial: plane
synovial: plane
synovial: plane
symphisis
Costovertebral
synovial: plane
costotransverse
synovial: plane
8 terms
Joint classifications
synarthrosis( immovable)
amphiarthrosis ( slightly movable)
ball and socket ( enarthrosis)
condyloid
In these joints, two bones are separated only by a membrane.…
a fibrocartilaginous disk is located between 2 bones ligament…
This joint allows the widest range of motion. Flexion extensi…
This joint allows all forms of angular movement except axial…
synarthrosis( immovable)
In these joints, two bones are separated only by a membrane.…
amphiarthrosis ( slightly movable)
a fibrocartilaginous disk is located between 2 bones ligament…
13 terms
Joint Classifications
Functional
Structural
Synarthroses (synarthrotic joints)
Amphiarthroses (amphiarthroic joints)
Based on amount of movement possible
Based on material binding the bones together, and presence or…
Functional. Immovable. Joined by fibrous tissue no actual joi…
Functional. Slightly movable. Location: in vertebral discs an…
Functional
Based on amount of movement possible
Structural
Based on material binding the bones together, and presence or…
Joint classifications
Bony joint
Fibrous joint
Cartilaginous joint
Synovial joint
bones joined together
thin strands of fiber
pads of cartilage
joint cavity
Bony joint
bones joined together
Fibrous joint
thin strands of fiber
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