Study sets matching "climate and climate change long"

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Study sets matching "climate and climate change long"

13 terms
Long Term Climate Change
Milankovitch Cycles
Eccentricity Cycle
Obliquity Cycle
Precession of the Equinoxes
Eccentricity Cycle... Obliquity Cycle... Precession of the Equinoxes
stretch... 100,000 years... orbit changes from circular to elliptic…
tilt... 41,000 years... tilt changes between 21 and 24 degress... less…
wobble... 19,000 to 23,000 years ... axis of the Earth wobbles... posi…
Milankovitch Cycles
Eccentricity Cycle... Obliquity Cycle... Precession of the Equinoxes
Eccentricity Cycle
stretch... 100,000 years... orbit changes from circular to elliptic…
16 terms
Long-term Climate Change
21 thousand years ago
Younger Dryas
1400 years
Europe temperature fell by 7oC in 20 y…
Glaciers reached their maximum extent, ice sheets covered the…
severe cold spell between 12.9 to 11.5 thousand years ago
YD lasted
YD temperatures
21 thousand years ago
Glaciers reached their maximum extent, ice sheets covered the…
Younger Dryas
severe cold spell between 12.9 to 11.5 thousand years ago
Long Term Climate Change
Glaciers
Glacier Budget
Fjord
Valley Glacier
form on land where a number of years of snow falls in the win…
when the rate of glacial advance equals the rate of wasting,…
an elongate glacial-eroded valley that has been drowned by th…
originate from mountain glaciers flowing down valleys
Glaciers
form on land where a number of years of snow falls in the win…
Glacier Budget
when the rate of glacial advance equals the rate of wasting,…
16 terms
Long-term Climate Change
21 thousand years ago
Younger Dryas
1400 years
Europe temperature fell by 7oC in 20 y…
Glaciers reached their maximum extent, ice sheets covered the…
severe cold spell between 12.9 to 11.5 thousand years ago
YD lasted
YD temperatures
21 thousand years ago
Glaciers reached their maximum extent, ice sheets covered the…
Younger Dryas
severe cold spell between 12.9 to 11.5 thousand years ago
long-term climate change
what are the causes of climate change?
does fire have a contribution to the t…
how can we slow down global warming?
how can we adapt (cope) to the effects…
GHG emissions, depleting carbon stores, destroying carbon sin…
yes
renewable energy sources/ reduce fossil fuel use/ increased c…
effects vary across regions and demographic groups (need to p…
what are the causes of climate change?
GHG emissions, depleting carbon stores, destroying carbon sin…
does fire have a contribution to the t…
yes
Long term Climate Change
Eccentricity
Obliquity
Precession
Changing shape and position of contine…
the shape of the earths orbits around the sun
the tilt of the earth- currently at 23.5 degrees
the wobble of the earth
affects the geometry of the oceans and ocean circulation patt…
Eccentricity
the shape of the earths orbits around the sun
Obliquity
the tilt of the earth- currently at 23.5 degrees
16 terms
Long-term Changes in Climate
Scientists assume that an organism's a…
increases in the number of ______ can…
give scientists clues about the kind o…
part of a tree that conveys informatio…
True
sun spots
fossils
rings
Scientists assume that an organism's a…
True
increases in the number of ______ can…
sun spots
Long-term Changes in Climate
Ice age
Sunspots
What principle do scientists follow in…
What changes occur on Earth's surface…
Glacial episodes
Long dark, cooler regions on the surface of the sun
If plants or animals today need certain conditions to live, t…
During each ice age, huge sheets of ice called glaciers cover…
Ice age
Glacial episodes
Sunspots
Long dark, cooler regions on the surface of the sun
12 terms
Long Term Changes in Climate
Plant pollen found in sediment layers…
Scientists assume that an organism's a…
One possible explanation for past clim…
What can lead to climate cooling?
TRUE
TRUE
FALSE
Volcanic Eruptions
Plant pollen found in sediment layers…
TRUE
Scientists assume that an organism's a…
TRUE
23 terms
Glaciation and Long Term Climate Change
ablate
ablation zone
accumulation zone
aerosols
to remove or dissipate by melting, vaporization, erosion, etc.
area or zone of a glacier where snow and ice ablation exceed…
portion of the glacier above the snowline where new material…
tiny solid particles or liquid droplets that remain suspended…
ablate
to remove or dissipate by melting, vaporization, erosion, etc.
ablation zone
area or zone of a glacier where snow and ice ablation exceed…
17 terms
Climate Change
Climate
Marine Climates
Continental Climates
Seasons
the weather in some location averaged over some long period o…
the climate of some coastal regions, with relatively warm win…
the climate of the centers of continents, with cold winters a…
are the periods of the year that are distinguished by special…
Climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period o…
Marine Climates
the climate of some coastal regions, with relatively warm win…
20 terms
Climate and Climate Change Vocabulary
Climate
Tropical Zone
Polar Zone
Temperate Zone
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
Areas near the poles; extend from 66.5 to 90 north and 66.5 t…
Area between the tropical and the polar zone.
Climate
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
Tropical Zone
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
5 terms
Long term climate change D
What are the causes of long term cc?
Explain the Milankovich cycles..
Geometry of the oceans...
Ocean circulation...
- Milankovich Cycles... - Geometry of the oceans... - Ocean circula…
They are obliquity, eccentricity and precession. More about t…
- The changing shape and position of continents affect this a…
- Has changed in response to moving continents.... - Deep ocean…
What are the causes of long term cc?
- Milankovich Cycles... - Geometry of the oceans... - Ocean circula…
Explain the Milankovich cycles..
They are obliquity, eccentricity and precession. More about t…
Long term climate change evidence
Ice cores from where
Why are ice cores long term
How does ice cores work
How is pollen extracted
Greenland and Antarctic
Frozen record of past climate
Air bubbles containing CO2 and O2 isotopes which are captured…
Sediment cores in lake beds
Ice cores from where
Greenland and Antarctic
Why are ice cores long term
Frozen record of past climate
14 terms
Science-climate long term changes
Climates usually change more
What is good evidence that the climate…
What can you learn from tree rings?
What is pollen record
Slowly
80-million year old fossils
Ancient climate, thick ring indicate that the year was warm o…
Bottoms of some lakes are covered with thick layers of mud an…
Climates usually change more
Slowly
What is good evidence that the climate…
80-million year old fossils
14 terms
Science: Long-Term Changes in Climate
ice age
How man ice ages have there been?
glaciers
how long has each ice age last?
glacial episodes, where glaciers covered large parts of Earth
four
huge sheets of ice
100,000 years or longer
ice age
glacial episodes, where glaciers covered large parts of Earth
How man ice ages have there been?
four
66 terms
Climate Change Terms
Aerosols
Albedo
Alluvial fan
Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillations (AMO)
Small particles or liquid droplets in the atmosphere that can…
The amount of solar radiation reflected from an object or sur…
Thick fluvial (river) deposits associated with rising mountai…
Long-duration sea surface temperature changes with cool and w…
Aerosols
Small particles or liquid droplets in the atmosphere that can…
Albedo
The amount of solar radiation reflected from an object or sur…
Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5⁰ north latitude…
The areas near both poles, from about 66.5⁰ to 90⁰ north and…
climate
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
microclimate
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
6 terms
Climate Change
climate change
global warming
habitat
fossil fuels
n., long term change in weather patterns around the world, su…
n., a rise in the average temperature near Earth's surface
n., environment, home, natural surroundings
n., energy sources from the earth, such as coal, gas, and oil…
climate change
n., long term change in weather patterns around the world, su…
global warming
n., a rise in the average temperature near Earth's surface
50 terms
Climate Change
enhanced greenhouse effect
albedo
fresh snow
ocean water
name given to the warming of the climate due to man's actions…
this refers to the percentage of the sun's energy reflected b…
type of surface that can reflect up to 90% of the sun's energ…
type of surface that can reflect only 5% of the sun's energy…
enhanced greenhouse effect
name given to the warming of the climate due to man's actions…
albedo
this refers to the percentage of the sun's energy reflected b…
Climate & Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
A small area with climate conditions that differ from those a…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
The areas extending from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degrees nor…
climate
The average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
A small area with climate conditions that differ from those a…
Climate Change
weather
climate
ultraviolet radiation
infrared radiation
The condition of Earth's atmosphere including temperature, pr…
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time.
a form of invisible, high energy radiation emitted by the Sun…
a form of invisible, low energy radiation that is emitted by…
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere including temperature, pr…
climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time.
26 terms
Climate Change
Global Warming
Global Warming
El Nino
Lots of Rain
Gradual warming of the earth and its atmosphere that may be c…
Too much carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, from pollution and…
A short term climate change due to changes in ocean currents…
What kind of weather does El Nino bring to California?
Global Warming
Gradual warming of the earth and its atmosphere that may be c…
Global Warming
Too much carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, from pollution and…
12 terms
Climate Change
fluctuation
greenhouse effect
global warming
climate change
Frequent irregular change back and forth from one state or de…
the natural warming of the surface and lower atmosphere of Ea…
An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosph…
A change in temperature, precipitation, or wind of a region,…
fluctuation
Frequent irregular change back and forth from one state or de…
greenhouse effect
the natural warming of the surface and lower atmosphere of Ea…
20 terms
Climate and Climate Change Vocabulary
Climate
Tropical Zone
Polar Zone
Temperate Zone
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
Areas near the poles; extend from 66.5 to 90 north and 66.5 t…
Area between the tropical and the polar zone.
Climate
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
Tropical Zone
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
30 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5⁰ north latitude…
The areas near both poles, from about 66.5⁰ to 90⁰ north and…
climate
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
microclimate
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
Short/ Long term climate changes and anthropogenic changes
short term climate change
long term climate change
factors that affect short term climate…
factors that affect long term climate…
changes in the environment that happen over a short period of…
gradual changes that occur in predictable cycles
altitude, latitude, topography, proximity to water, winds
earths orbit becomes elliptical, earth travels farther from s…
short term climate change
changes in the environment that happen over a short period of…
long term climate change
gradual changes that occur in predictable cycles
Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5⁰ north latitude…
The areas near both poles, from about 66.5⁰ to 90⁰ north and…
climate
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
microclimate
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
30 terms
Climate Change
weather
climate
polar
temperate
day-to-day changes in atmospheric conditions, including tempe…
long-term average of weather in an area
dry, cold climate zone above 60 degree latitude
seasonably variable climate zone between 40 and 60 degrees la…
weather
day-to-day changes in atmospheric conditions, including tempe…
climate
long-term average of weather in an area
Natural long-term and short-term climate change
Long term variations
Long term- Changes in earth motion
3 types of long term changes
Short term variations ... Volcano eruptions
Changes over millions of years due to continental drift- chan…
Through space it can cause ice ages to alternate every 100,00…
Eccentricity of orbit... Tilt of earths axis... Precession/wobble
block sunlight and lowers temperatures
Long term variations
Changes over millions of years due to continental drift- chan…
Long term- Changes in earth motion
Through space it can cause ice ages to alternate every 100,00…
11 terms
4.3 Long-Term Changes in Climate
In studying ancient climates, scientis…
Pollen cores can show
Pollen data can show that an ancient c…
Tree rings show
similar organisms that lived in the past.
...
...
a new layer of wood growth.
In studying ancient climates, scientis…
similar organisms that lived in the past.
Pollen cores can show
...
18 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
continental climate
precipitation and temperatures
semiarid climate
Average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
A climate with hot summers and cold winters found only in the…
Climates are classified according to two major factors
The Great Plains east of the Rocky Mountains have a
climate
Average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
continental climate
A climate with hot summers and cold winters found only in the…
32 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5⁰ north latitude…
The areas near both poles, from about 66.5⁰ to 90⁰ north and…
climate
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
microclimate
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
50 terms
Climate Change
enhanced greenhouse effect
albedo
fresh snow
ocean water
name given to the warming of the climate due to man's actions…
this refers to the percentage of the sun's energy reflected b…
type of surface that can reflect up to 90% of the sun's energ…
type of surface that can reflect only 5% of the sun's energy…
enhanced greenhouse effect
name given to the warming of the climate due to man's actions…
albedo
this refers to the percentage of the sun's energy reflected b…
20 terms
Climate Change
Climate Change
Global Warming
El Nino
Lots of Rain
Gradual warming of the earth and its atmosphere that may be c…
Increasing levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, from b…
A short term climate change due to changes in ocean currents…
What kind of weather does El Nino bring to California?
Climate Change
Gradual warming of the earth and its atmosphere that may be c…
Global Warming
Increasing levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, from b…
14 terms
Science Climate and Climate Change
Fast vs. Slow Carbon Cycle
Earths heat Budget
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Gasses
...
A heat budget is the perfect balance between incoming heat ab…
The absorption of infrared radiation by greenhouse gases make…
CO2, Methane, and Water Vapor... Gasses that absorb the infrared…
Fast vs. Slow Carbon Cycle
...
Earths heat Budget
A heat budget is the perfect balance between incoming heat ab…
27 terms
Climate and Climate Change-Chapter 4
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5⁰ north latitude…
The areas near both poles, from about 66.5⁰ to 90⁰ north and…
climate
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
microclimate
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
Chapter 9 Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5⁰ north latitude…
The areas near both poles, from about 66.5⁰ to 90⁰ north and…
climate
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
microclimate
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
23 terms
Climate and Climate Change Vocab
climate
tropical zone
polar zone
temperate zone
refers to the average, year after year conditions of temperat…
is the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees nort…
extends from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degrees north and 66.5…
between the tropical zones and the polar zones.
climate
refers to the average, year after year conditions of temperat…
tropical zone
is the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees nort…
23 terms
Grade 8 - Long Term Climate Changes
Ancient climates
Pollen
Tree rings
Thin tree ring
Conditions that plants and animals needed in the past and today
Plants and flowers produce this. Scientists can examine sampl…
A tree has a characteristic that indicates the weather of a s…
Cool or dry year tree characteristic
Ancient climates
Conditions that plants and animals needed in the past and today
Pollen
Plants and flowers produce this. Scientists can examine sampl…
7 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
El Niño
temperate
ice age
the overall average weather of a given area
changes to the climate based on a periodic warming of the oce…
relating to events between 30° north and 60° north, or 30° so…
a period of extreme global cooling, in which ice sheets cover…
climate
the overall average weather of a given area
El Niño
changes to the climate based on a periodic warming of the oce…
24 terms
Climate and Climate Change
Climate
Microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
average, year after year conditions of temperature, precipita…
small area with climate conditions that differ from those aro…
area near the equator, between 23.5 N and 23.5 S
extend from about 66.5 N to 90N and 66.5 S to 90S
Climate
average, year after year conditions of temperature, precipita…
Microclimate
small area with climate conditions that differ from those aro…
43 terms
Atmosphere and Climate: Climate Change
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Lithosphere
Cryosphere
Gasses.
Oceans, large bodies of water.
Plate tectonics, orogeny.
Glaciers, ice sheets, snow cover.
Atmosphere
Gasses.
Hydrosphere
Oceans, large bodies of water.
28 terms
Science Climate and Climate Change
Fast vs. Slow Carbon Cycle
Earth's Heat Budget
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse gases (CO2, Methane, Water…
S: Through a series of chemical reactions and tectonic activi…
how the earth gains and loses heat
-The absorption of infrared radiation by greenhouse gases mak…
a gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect by absorbing…
Fast vs. Slow Carbon Cycle
S: Through a series of chemical reactions and tectonic activi…
Earth's Heat Budget
how the earth gains and loses heat
50 terms
Climate Change
enhanced greenhouse effect
albedo
fresh snow
ocean water
name given to the warming of the climate due to man's actions…
this refers to the percentage of the sun's energy reflected b…
type of surface that can reflect up to 90% of the sun's energ…
type of surface that can reflect only 5% of the sun's energy…
enhanced greenhouse effect
name given to the warming of the climate due to man's actions…
albedo
this refers to the percentage of the sun's energy reflected b…
11 terms
4.3 Long-Term Changes in Climate
In studying ancient climates, scientis…
Pollen cores can show
Pollen data can show that an ancient c…
Tree rings show
similar organisms that lived in the past.
...
...
a new layer of wood growth.
In studying ancient climates, scientis…
similar organisms that lived in the past.
Pollen cores can show
...
57 terms
Climate and Climate Change
Climate
Microclimate
Latitude
Tropical Zone
the weather in some location averaged over some long period o…
climate in a specific area that varies from the surrounding c…
an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
warm climate zone that receives direct or nearly direct sunli…
Climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period o…
Microclimate
climate in a specific area that varies from the surrounding c…
11 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
global warming
climate change
glacier
the average temperature and rain in a given area
average global temperatures are increasing
Earth's climates are gradually shifting and becoming more hot…
a large piece of ice that has been frozen solid for many years
climate
the average temperature and rain in a given area
global warming
average global temperatures are increasing
20 terms
Climate and Climate Change Vocabulary
Climate
Tropical Zone
Polar Zone
Temperate Zone
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
Areas near the poles; extend from 66.5 to 90 north and 66.5 t…
Area between the tropical and the polar zone.
Climate
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
Tropical Zone
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
23 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
Average weather of a particular area over a long period of ti…
Climate within a small area that differs significantly from t…
near the equator, between 23.5 degrees North and 23.5 degrees…
Cold areas where the suns rays strike the earth at a very low…
climate
Average weather of a particular area over a long period of ti…
microclimate
Climate within a small area that differs significantly from t…
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