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Study sets matching "climate and climate change long"

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Study sets matching "climate and climate change long"

13 terms
Long Term Climate Change
Milankovitch Cycles
Eccentricity Cycle
Obliquity Cycle
Precession of the Equinoxes
Eccentricity Cycle... Obliquity Cycle... Precession of the Equinoxes
stretch... 100,000 years... orbit changes from circular to elliptic…
tilt... 41,000 years... tilt changes between 21 and 24 degress... less…
wobble... 19,000 to 23,000 years ... axis of the Earth wobbles... posi…
Milankovitch Cycles
Eccentricity Cycle... Obliquity Cycle... Precession of the Equinoxes
Eccentricity Cycle
stretch... 100,000 years... orbit changes from circular to elliptic…
16 terms
Long-term Climate Change
21 thousand years ago
Younger Dryas
1400 years
Europe temperature fell by 7oC in 20 y…
Glaciers reached their maximum extent, ice sheets covered the…
severe cold spell between 12.9 to 11.5 thousand years ago
YD lasted
YD temperatures
21 thousand years ago
Glaciers reached their maximum extent, ice sheets covered the…
Younger Dryas
severe cold spell between 12.9 to 11.5 thousand years ago
16 terms
Long-term Climate Change
21 thousand years ago
Younger Dryas
1400 years
Europe temperature fell by 7oC in 20 y…
Glaciers reached their maximum extent, ice sheets covered the…
severe cold spell between 12.9 to 11.5 thousand years ago
YD lasted
YD temperatures
21 thousand years ago
Glaciers reached their maximum extent, ice sheets covered the…
Younger Dryas
severe cold spell between 12.9 to 11.5 thousand years ago
24 terms
Long Term Climate Change
Glaciers
Glacier Budget
Fjord
Valley Glacier
form on land where a number of years of snow falls in the win…
when the rate of glacial advance equals the rate of wasting,…
an elongate glacial-eroded valley that has been drowned by th…
originate from mountain glaciers flowing down valleys
Glaciers
form on land where a number of years of snow falls in the win…
Glacier Budget
when the rate of glacial advance equals the rate of wasting,…
9 terms
long-term climate change
what are the causes of climate change?
does fire have a contribution to the t…
how can we slow down global warming?
how can we adapt (cope) to the effects…
GHG emissions, depleting carbon stores, destroying carbon sin…
yes
renewable energy sources/ reduce fossil fuel use/ increased c…
effects vary across regions and demographic groups (need to p…
what are the causes of climate change?
GHG emissions, depleting carbon stores, destroying carbon sin…
does fire have a contribution to the t…
yes
16 terms
Long-term Changes in Climate
Scientists assume that an organism's a…
increases in the number of ______ can…
give scientists clues about the kind o…
part of a tree that conveys informatio…
True
sun spots
fossils
rings
Scientists assume that an organism's a…
True
increases in the number of ______ can…
sun spots
12 terms
Long Term Changes in Climate
Plant pollen found in sediment layers…
Scientists assume that an organism's a…
One possible explanation for past clim…
What can lead to climate cooling?
TRUE
TRUE
FALSE
Volcanic Eruptions
Plant pollen found in sediment layers…
TRUE
Scientists assume that an organism's a…
TRUE
23 terms
Glaciation and Long Term Climate Change
ablate
ablation zone
accumulation zone
aerosols
to remove or dissipate by melting, vaporization, erosion, etc.
area or zone of a glacier where snow and ice ablation exceed…
portion of the glacier above the snowline where new material…
tiny solid particles or liquid droplets that remain suspended…
ablate
to remove or dissipate by melting, vaporization, erosion, etc.
ablation zone
area or zone of a glacier where snow and ice ablation exceed…
20 terms
Climate and Climate Change Vocabulary
Climate
Tropical Zone
Polar Zone
Temperate Zone
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
Areas near the poles; extend from 66.5 to 90 north and 66.5 t…
Area between the tropical and the polar zone.
Climate
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
Tropical Zone
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
50 terms
Climate Change
enhanced greenhouse effect
albedo
fresh snow
ocean water
name given to the warming of the climate due to man's actions…
this refers to the percentage of the sun's energy reflected b…
type of surface that can reflect up to 90% of the sun's energ…
type of surface that can reflect only 5% of the sun's energy…
enhanced greenhouse effect
name given to the warming of the climate due to man's actions…
albedo
this refers to the percentage of the sun's energy reflected b…
14 terms
Science-climate long term changes
Climates usually change more
What is good evidence that the climate…
What can you learn from tree rings?
What is pollen record
Slowly
80-million year old fossils
Ancient climate, thick ring indicate that the year was warm o…
Bottoms of some lakes are covered with thick layers of mud an…
Climates usually change more
Slowly
What is good evidence that the climate…
80-million year old fossils
14 terms
Science: Long-Term Changes in Climate
ice age
How man ice ages have there been?
glaciers
how long has each ice age last?
glacial episodes, where glaciers covered large parts of Earth
four
huge sheets of ice
100,000 years or longer
ice age
glacial episodes, where glaciers covered large parts of Earth
How man ice ages have there been?
four
23 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5⁰ north latitude…
The areas near both poles, from about 66.5⁰ to 90⁰ north and…
climate
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
microclimate
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
50 terms
Climate Change
enhanced greenhouse effect
albedo
fresh snow
ocean water
name given to the warming of the climate due to man's actions…
this refers to the percentage of the sun's energy reflected b…
type of surface that can reflect up to 90% of the sun's energ…
type of surface that can reflect only 5% of the sun's energy…
enhanced greenhouse effect
name given to the warming of the climate due to man's actions…
albedo
this refers to the percentage of the sun's energy reflected b…
30 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5⁰ north latitude…
The areas near both poles, from about 66.5⁰ to 90⁰ north and…
climate
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
microclimate
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
20 terms
Climate and Climate Change Vocabulary
Climate
Tropical Zone
Polar Zone
Temperate Zone
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
Areas near the poles; extend from 66.5 to 90 north and 66.5 t…
Area between the tropical and the polar zone.
Climate
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
Tropical Zone
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
17 terms
Climate Change
Climate
Marine Climates
Continental Climates
Seasons
the weather in some location averaged over some long period o…
the climate of some coastal regions, with relatively warm win…
the climate of the centers of continents, with cold winters a…
are the periods of the year that are distinguished by special…
Climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period o…
Marine Climates
the climate of some coastal regions, with relatively warm win…
20 terms
Climate and Climate Change Vocabulary
Climate
Tropical Zone
Polar Zone
Temperate Zone
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
Areas near the poles; extend from 66.5 to 90 north and 66.5 t…
Area between the tropical and the polar zone.
Climate
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
Tropical Zone
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
66 terms
Climate Change Terms
Aerosols
Albedo
Alluvial fan
Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillations (AMO)
Small particles or liquid droplets in the atmosphere that can…
The amount of solar radiation reflected from an object or sur…
Thick fluvial (river) deposits associated with rising mountai…
Long-duration sea surface temperature changes with cool and w…
Aerosols
Small particles or liquid droplets in the atmosphere that can…
Albedo
The amount of solar radiation reflected from an object or sur…
12 terms
Climate Change
fluctuation
greenhouse effect
global warming
climate change
Frequent irregular change back and forth from one state or de…
the natural warming of the surface and lower atmosphere of Ea…
An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosph…
A change in temperature, precipitation, or wind of a region,…
fluctuation
Frequent irregular change back and forth from one state or de…
greenhouse effect
the natural warming of the surface and lower atmosphere of Ea…
26 terms
Climate Change
Global Warming
Global Warming
El Nino
Lots of Rain
Gradual warming of the earth and its atmosphere that may be c…
Too much carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, from pollution and…
A short term climate change due to changes in ocean currents…
What kind of weather does El Nino bring to California?
Global Warming
Gradual warming of the earth and its atmosphere that may be c…
Global Warming
Too much carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, from pollution and…
27 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5⁰ north latitude…
The areas near both poles, from about 66.5⁰ to 90⁰ north and…
climate
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
microclimate
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
30 terms
Climate Change
weather
climate
polar
temperate
day-to-day changes in atmospheric conditions, including tempe…
long-term average of weather in an area
dry, cold climate zone above 60 degree latitude
seasonably variable climate zone between 40 and 60 degrees la…
weather
day-to-day changes in atmospheric conditions, including tempe…
climate
long-term average of weather in an area
28 terms
Climate & Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
A small area with climate conditions that differ from those a…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
The areas extending from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degrees nor…
climate
The average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
A small area with climate conditions that differ from those a…
18 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
continental climate
precipitation and temperatures
semiarid climate
Average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
A climate with hot summers and cold winters found only in the…
Climates are classified according to two major factors
The Great Plains east of the Rocky Mountains have a
climate
Average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
continental climate
A climate with hot summers and cold winters found only in the…
6 terms
Climate Change
climate change
global warming
habitat
fossil fuels
n., long term change in weather patterns around the world, su…
n., a rise in the average temperature near Earth's surface
n., environment, home, natural surroundings
n., energy sources from the earth, such as coal, gas, and oil…
climate change
n., long term change in weather patterns around the world, su…
global warming
n., a rise in the average temperature near Earth's surface
32 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5⁰ north latitude…
The areas near both poles, from about 66.5⁰ to 90⁰ north and…
climate
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
microclimate
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
Climate and Climate Change Junkermeier
latitude
temperature
biome
climate
The numbering system used to indicate the location of paralle…
A measure of how hot or cold something is.
A group of land ecosystems with similar climates and organisms
The average annual conditions of temperature, precipitation,…
latitude
The numbering system used to indicate the location of paralle…
temperature
A measure of how hot or cold something is.
14 terms
Science Climate and Climate Change
Fast vs. Slow Carbon Cycle
Earths heat Budget
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Gasses
...
A heat budget is the perfect balance between incoming heat ab…
The absorption of infrared radiation by greenhouse gases make…
CO2, Methane, and Water Vapor... Gasses that absorb the infrared…
Fast vs. Slow Carbon Cycle
...
Earths heat Budget
A heat budget is the perfect balance between incoming heat ab…
20 terms
Climate Change
Climate Change
Global Warming
El Nino
Lots of Rain
Gradual warming of the earth and its atmosphere that may be c…
Increasing levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, from b…
A short term climate change due to changes in ocean currents…
What kind of weather does El Nino bring to California?
Climate Change
Gradual warming of the earth and its atmosphere that may be c…
Global Warming
Increasing levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, from b…
27 terms
Climate and Climate Change-Chapter 4
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5⁰ north latitude…
The areas near both poles, from about 66.5⁰ to 90⁰ north and…
climate
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
microclimate
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
29 terms
Chapter 9 Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5⁰ north latitude…
The areas near both poles, from about 66.5⁰ to 90⁰ north and…
climate
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
microclimate
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
23 terms
Climate and Climate Change Vocab
climate
tropical zone
polar zone
temperate zone
refers to the average, year after year conditions of temperat…
is the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees nort…
extends from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degrees north and 66.5…
between the tropical zones and the polar zones.
climate
refers to the average, year after year conditions of temperat…
tropical zone
is the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees nort…
57 terms
Climate and Climate Change
Climate
Microclimate
Latitude
Tropical Zone
the weather in some location averaged over some long period o…
climate in a specific area that varies from the surrounding c…
an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
warm climate zone that receives direct or nearly direct sunli…
Climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period o…
Microclimate
climate in a specific area that varies from the surrounding c…
11 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
global warming
climate change
glacier
the average temperature and rain in a given area
average global temperatures are increasing
Earth's climates are gradually shifting and becoming more hot…
a large piece of ice that has been frozen solid for many years
climate
the average temperature and rain in a given area
global warming
average global temperatures are increasing
22 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator between about 23.5 degrees north an…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
13 terms
Climate and Climate Change
Global warming
Fossil Fuels
Methane CH4
Water Vapor H2O
Gradual warming of the earth and its atmosphere that may be c…
A natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological…
Deep sea vents are a natural source of this gas, and increasi…
invisible gas in atmosphere
Global warming
Gradual warming of the earth and its atmosphere that may be c…
Fossil Fuels
A natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological…
14 terms
Geology 115 Long Term Climate Change
Liquid Water
Earths Thermostat
Sun was 20-30%
No evidence of glaciation
has made earth habitable for at least past 3.5 billion years
trace gases interact with infrared energy and reradiate sill…
less bright early on in Earths history
until 2.5 billion years ago
Liquid Water
has made earth habitable for at least past 3.5 billion years
Earths Thermostat
trace gases interact with infrared energy and reradiate sill…
41 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area
the area near the equator
areas near both poles
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area
24 terms
Climate change
to be at risk
to put an end to
to choke
greenhouse effect
to be at risk
to put an end to
8 terms
climate change
glacier
precipitation
endangered species
volcanic ash
glacier
precipitation
33 terms
Climate and Climate Change
Define climate
what two factors are most often used t…
How does latitude affect temperature?
How does altitude affect temperature?
The average year after year conditions in an area.This takes…
Latitude -In general areas that are nearer to the equator hav…
Latitude -In general areas that are nearer to the equator hav…
Altitude- Places that are located at high altitudes have cold…
Define climate
The average year after year conditions in an area.This takes…
what two factors are most often used t…
Latitude -In general areas that are nearer to the equator hav…
23 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
Average weather of a particular area over a long period of ti…
Climate within a small area that differs significantly from t…
near the equator, between 23.5 degrees North and 23.5 degrees…
Cold areas where the suns rays strike the earth at a very low…
climate
Average weather of a particular area over a long period of ti…
microclimate
Climate within a small area that differs significantly from t…
9 terms
Climate and Climate Change
What is climate?
What are two things that can describe…
Describe one natural cause of climate…
Describe one cause of climate change b…
The weather happening in an area
1. Rainfall... 2. Temperature
Ocean currents, volcanic eruptions, earth orbital changes, so…
Deforestation, burning fossil fuels and methane
What is climate?
The weather happening in an area
What are two things that can describe…
1. Rainfall... 2. Temperature
Climate change
rubbish
global warming
the melting of the ice cap
climate change
rubbish
global warming
23 terms
Climate and Climate Change
climate
tropical zone
polar zone
temperate zone
the average annual conditions of precipitation, temperature,…
the area near the equator
the area near both poles
the area between the tropic and polar zones
climate
the average annual conditions of precipitation, temperature,…
tropical zone
the area near the equator
31 terms
Climate Change
enhanced greenhouse effect
albedo
fresh snow
ocean water
name given to the warming of the climate due to man's actions…
this refers to the percentage of the sun's energy reflected b…
type of surface that can reflect up to 90% of the sun's energ…
type of surface that can reflect only 5% of the sun's energy…
enhanced greenhouse effect
name given to the warming of the climate due to man's actions…
albedo
this refers to the percentage of the sun's energy reflected b…
24 terms
Climate And Climate Change
Climate
What Factors Affect Temp?
Tropical Zone
Polar Zone
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Latitude, Altitude, Ocean Currents
A climate zone near the equator characterized by warm tempera…
cold climate zone where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very…
Climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
What Factors Affect Temp?
Latitude, Altitude, Ocean Currents
11 terms
Climate and Climate Change
Climate
Weather
Convection Currents
Atmosphere
The average year-after- year conditions of temperature, preci…
The condition Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and pla…
The movement of a fluid (like water or air), caused by differ…
The mixture of gasses that surrounds the Earth.
Climate
The average year-after- year conditions of temperature, preci…
Weather
The condition Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and pla…
12 terms
Climate Change
contribute
excess
vital
existence
give (something, especially money) in order to help achieve o…
too much; more than is reasonable
absolutely necessary or important; essential.
the fact or state of living or having objective reality
contribute
give (something, especially money) in order to help achieve o…
excess
too much; more than is reasonable
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