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Study sets matching "climate change chapter 18"

25 terms
Climate and Climate Change- Chapter 18
Climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
a small area with climate conditions that differ from those a…
the area near the equator between 23.5 north latitude and 23.…
extends from 66.5 to 90 north and 66.5 to 90 south
Climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
a small area with climate conditions that differ from those a…
23 terms
Chapter 18: Climate Change
Adaptation
Mitigation
Albedo
Carbon offset
accept climate change is happening and pursue strategies to m…
pursue actions that reduce greenhouse gas emissions, in order…
the fraction of solar radiation that is reflected off the sur…
a voluntary payment to another entity intended to enable that…
Adaptation
accept climate change is happening and pursue strategies to m…
Mitigation
pursue actions that reduce greenhouse gas emissions, in order…
25 terms
Chapter 18 Climate and Climate Change
Climate
Microclimate
Tropical Zone
Marine Climate
average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, precipita…
The climate in a small area that differs from the climate aro…
near the equator, between 23.5 degrees North and 23.5 degrees…
the climate of some coastal regions, with relatively warm win…
Climate
average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, precipita…
Microclimate
The climate in a small area that differs from the climate aro…
20 terms
Chapter 18 Climate Change
weather
Climate
The atmosphere is composed of
Trace gases
A description of short-lived & local patterns of temperature,…
a description of long-term prevailing patterns
Nitrogen (~78%)... Oxygen (~21%)... Argon (~1%)... Trace gases (~0.1%)
CO2... Neon (Ne)... Helium (He)... Ozone (O3)... Methane (Ch4)
weather
A description of short-lived & local patterns of temperature,…
Climate
a description of long-term prevailing patterns
25 terms
Chapter 18 climate change
Climate
Microclimate
Tropical zone
Polar Zone
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Environmental conditions within a small area that differ sign…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
The areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
Climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Microclimate
Environmental conditions within a small area that differ sign…
34 terms
Chapter 18 climate change
Climate
Weather
Global Climate Change
Global Warming
An area's long-term atmospheric conditions... -Temperature, moi…
Short-term conditions at localized sites.
Describes trends and variations in Earth's climate
An increase in Earth's average temperature
Climate
An area's long-term atmospheric conditions... -Temperature, moi…
Weather
Short-term conditions at localized sites.
25 terms
chapter 18 climate and climate change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
The average, year-after-year condition of ttemperature,precip…
climate condition within a small area that differ from those…
warm climate zone that receives direct or nearly direct sunli…
The areas near both poles,from about 66.5 to 90 north and 66.…
climate
The average, year-after-year condition of ttemperature,precip…
microclimate
climate condition within a small area that differ from those…
41 terms
Science Chapter 18: Climate and Climate change
Climate
Microclimate
Tropical Zone
Polar Zone
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Climate within a small area that differs significantly from t…
near the equator- Warm climate zone that receives direct or n…
area near both poles- cold climate zone where the sun's rays…
Climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
Microclimate
Climate within a small area that differs significantly from t…
25 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18 - Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
23 terms
Chapter 18: Climate and Climate Change
What are the main factors that influen…
What are the three temperature zones?
Which type of climates have more extre…
What are the main factors that affect…
Latitude, altitude, distance from large bodies of water, and…
The tropical zone, the polar zone, and the temperate zone.
Continental climates.
Prevailing winds, mountain ranges, and seasonal winds.
What are the main factors that influen…
Latitude, altitude, distance from large bodies of water, and…
What are the three temperature zones?
The tropical zone, the polar zone, and the temperate zone.
25 terms
Chapter 18 Climate Change
global climate change
global warming
greenhouse gases
greenhouse effect
change sin aspects of Earths climate, such as precipitation,…
refers specifically to an increase in Earths average surface…
atmospheric gases that have three or more atoms in their mole…
when reemitted energy travels back downward, warming the lowe…
global climate change
change sin aspects of Earths climate, such as precipitation,…
global warming
refers specifically to an increase in Earths average surface…
37 terms
Chapter 18: Climate Change
Factors that contibute to warming
Factors that contribute to cooking
Polar ice cores go back ________ years
1/6 of the worlds population is at ris…
CO2, CH4, low albedo, black carbon, N20
high albedo, cloud albedo
800,000
mountaintop snow and ice melting
Factors that contibute to warming
CO2, CH4, low albedo, black carbon, N20
Factors that contribute to cooking
high albedo, cloud albedo
25 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18 - Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
25 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18 - Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
25 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18 - Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
17 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Albedo
Climate
Climate sensitivity
Proxy Indicators
A measure of the reflectivity of the earth's surface.
A general description of the average temperature and rainfall…
The response of climate to greenhouse gas concentrations, usu…
Measureable records, like tree rings, ice cores, and marine s…
Albedo
A measure of the reflectivity of the earth's surface.
Climate
A general description of the average temperature and rainfall…
14 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Adaptation
Albedo
Climate
Climate sensitivity
An ecological or evolutionary change in structure or function…
A measure of the reflectivity of the earth's surface.
A general description of the average temperature and rainfall…
The response of climate to greenhouse gas concentrations, usu…
Adaptation
An ecological or evolutionary change in structure or function…
Albedo
A measure of the reflectivity of the earth's surface.
59 terms
Chapter 18 Climate change
How does the atmosphere work?
What is the troposphere?
tropopause
Stratosphere
it is a collection of gases that gravity holds in a thin enve…
gases in the lower layer that are responsible or moderating t…
capping the troposphere ... -boundary where air shifts from cool…
layer within which a temperature increases primarily with alt…
How does the atmosphere work?
it is a collection of gases that gravity holds in a thin enve…
What is the troposphere?
gases in the lower layer that are responsible or moderating t…
12 terms
Chapter 18: Climate and climate change (with definitions)
climate
tropics
polar zone
temperate zone
Seasonal pattern of average weather conditions in an area ove…
Equatorial region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic…
cold climate zone where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very…
Characterized by a seasonal climate, wide range of temperatur…
climate
Seasonal pattern of average weather conditions in an area ove…
tropics
Equatorial region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic…
28 terms
Chapter 18 Global Climate Change
climate
global climate change
global warming
greenhouse gas
the pattern of atmospheric conditions found across large geog…
an array of changes in the Earth's climate, such as temperatu…
an increase in Earth's average surface temperature
a substance (with at least 3 atoms) such as carbon dioxide, m…
climate
the pattern of atmospheric conditions found across large geog…
global climate change
an array of changes in the Earth's climate, such as temperatu…
25 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18 - Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
25 terms
Chapter 18: Climate and Climate Change Vocab
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator, between about 23 degrees north lat…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 to 90 degrees nort…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
57 terms
Chapter 18 APES Climate Change
5 Human Influences on the... Atmosphere a…
5 Factors Influencing Global... Climate
What percent of solar radiation is... abs…
How do greenhouse gases warm... the atmos…
Electricity Production... Automobile Fuel... Heating using coal or…
Atmosphere... Milankovitch Cycles... Solar Output... Ocean Absorption…
70%
• Radiation from the sun (light) hits the... lithosphere and it…
5 Human Influences on the... Atmosphere a…
Electricity Production... Automobile Fuel... Heating using coal or…
5 Factors Influencing Global... Climate
Atmosphere... Milankovitch Cycles... Solar Output... Ocean Absorption…
25 terms
Science Test Chapter 18 - Climate & Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zones
the average year after year conditions of temperature, precip…
a small area with climate conditions that differ from those a…
the area near the equator between about 23.5 north latitude a…
Areas that extend from 66.5 degrees to 90 degrees north and 6…
climate
the average year after year conditions of temperature, precip…
microclimate
a small area with climate conditions that differ from those a…
18 terms
Chapter 18 Global Climate Change
Climate Factors
3 Major Factors Influence Earth's Clim…
Major Naturally Occuring Greenhouse Ga…
Sources & Effects
Area long term atmospheric conditions. Ex: temperature, moist…
Sun, Atmosphere, Ocean
Water vapor, CO2, ozone, methane, N2O (Nitrous Oxide)
Human activities have increased the above mentioned gases.... Re…
Climate Factors
Area long term atmospheric conditions. Ex: temperature, moist…
3 Major Factors Influence Earth's Clim…
Sun, Atmosphere, Ocean
55 terms
Chapter 18 Global climate change
Case History: Potential Consequences o…
Case History: Potential Consequences o…
Climate changes:
Earth system:
• Approximate 300 year period (1000 to 1300), Earth was consi…
• Famous Viking explorer Eric the Red's voyage near the end o…
Contributing to the complex evolutionary history of the Earth…
Interactions between the atmosphere, the oceans, solid Earth,…
Case History: Potential Consequences o…
• Approximate 300 year period (1000 to 1300), Earth was consi…
Case History: Potential Consequences o…
• Famous Viking explorer Eric the Red's voyage near the end o…
25 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Adaptation
Aerosols
Carbon Capture
Carbon Footprint
A trait that confers greater likelihood that an individual wi…
Very fine liquid droplets or solid particles aloft in the atm…
Technologies or approaches that remove carbon dioxide from po…
The cumulative amount of carbon, or carbon dioxide equivalent…
Adaptation
A trait that confers greater likelihood that an individual wi…
Aerosols
Very fine liquid droplets or solid particles aloft in the atm…
33 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
climate
weather
global climate change
global warming
describes an area's long-term atmospheric conditions, includi…
specifies conditions at localized sites over hours or days
any change in aspects of Earth's climate, such as temperature…
an increase in Earth's average suface temperature. The term i…
climate
describes an area's long-term atmospheric conditions, includi…
weather
specifies conditions at localized sites over hours or days
14 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Adaptation
Albedo
Climate
Climate sensitivity
An ecological or evolutionary change in structure or function…
A measure of the reflectivity of the earth's surface.
A general description of the average temperature and rainfall…
The response of climate to greenhouse gas concentrations, usu…
Adaptation
An ecological or evolutionary change in structure or function…
Albedo
A measure of the reflectivity of the earth's surface.
24 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Climate
Global climate change
Global warming
Greenhouse gases
describes an area's long-term atmospheric conditions across b…
encompasses an array of changes in aspects of Earth's climate…
refers specifically to an increase in Earth's average surface…
atmospheric gases having three or more atoms in their molecul…
Climate
describes an area's long-term atmospheric conditions across b…
Global climate change
encompasses an array of changes in aspects of Earth's climate…
25 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Adaptation
Aerosols
Carbon Capture
Carbon Footprint
A trait that confers greater likelihood that an individual wi…
Very fine liquid droplets or solid particles aloft in the atm…
Technologies or approaches that remove carbon dioxide from po…
The cumulative amount of carbon, or carbon dioxide equivalent…
Adaptation
A trait that confers greater likelihood that an individual wi…
Aerosols
Very fine liquid droplets or solid particles aloft in the atm…
20 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Global Climate Change
Greenhouse Gases
Environmental Externalities
Common Property Resources
The changes in global climate, including temperature, precipi…
gases such as carbon dioxide and methane whose atmospheric co…
externalities that affect the environment, such as the impact…
a resource that is not subject to private ownership and is av…
Global Climate Change
The changes in global climate, including temperature, precipi…
Greenhouse Gases
gases such as carbon dioxide and methane whose atmospheric co…
20 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
aerosols
cap and trade
carbon capture
carbon footprint
Very fine liquid droplets or solid particles aloft in the atm…
A permit trading system in which government determines an acc…
Technologies or approaches that remove carbon dioxide from po…
The cumulative amount of carbon, or carbon dioxide, that a pe…
aerosols
Very fine liquid droplets or solid particles aloft in the atm…
cap and trade
A permit trading system in which government determines an acc…
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Greenhouse gases
Greenhouse effect
Global warming
Global climate change
A gas that absorbs infrared radiation released by Earth's sur…
The warming of Earth's surface and atmosphere (especially the…
An increase in Earth's average surface temperature. The term…
Any change in aspects of Earth's climate, such as temperature…
Greenhouse gases
A gas that absorbs infrared radiation released by Earth's sur…
Greenhouse effect
The warming of Earth's surface and atmosphere (especially the…
25 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 18 - Climate and Climate Change
climate
microclimate
tropical zone
polar zone
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
the area near the equator, between about 23.5 degrees north l…
the areas near both poles, from about 66.5 degrees to 90 degr…
climate
the average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, preci…
microclimate
climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
182 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
How could rising seas due to global cl…
What have residents in the lowest-lyin…
Are smaller nations the cause of clima…
Do smaller nations suffer from the con…
- submerge them... - erode beaches... - cause flooding... - damage cor…
evacuated
no
yes
How could rising seas due to global cl…
- submerge them... - erode beaches... - cause flooding... - damage cor…
What have residents in the lowest-lyin…
evacuated
16 terms
Chapter 18 - Global Climate Change
What is the case study?
What is climate?
What is global climate change?
What is global warming?
Rising seas may flood the Maldives
Long-term atmospheric conditions
Describes trends and variations in Earth's climate
An increase in Earth's average temperature
What is the case study?
Rising seas may flood the Maldives
What is climate?
Long-term atmospheric conditions
66 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
What is the impact of seal level rise…
Climate
Global climate change
Global warming
-Rising seas due to global climate change could submerge them…
− an area's long-term atmospheric conditions
describes trends and variations in Earth's climate
an increase in Earth's average temperature
What is the impact of seal level rise…
-Rising seas due to global climate change could submerge them…
Climate
− an area's long-term atmospheric conditions
19 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Layers of the Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere
- Site and source of weather... - Primary recipient of air pollu…
- Contains ozone shield... - Pollutants that enter stay for a lo…
- Very small quantities of gas are found
Layers of the Atmosphere
Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere
Troposphere
- Site and source of weather... - Primary recipient of air pollu…
11 terms
Chapter 18/19 (Pollution/Climate Change) - Climate Change Powerpoint
CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons)- sources
CFCs
methane (CH4)- sources
methane
sources: air conditioners, refrigerators, production of plast…
-cause temperature increase in troposphere ... -depletes ozone i…
-decomposition in swamps, wetlands, and rice patties... -cattle…
-can stay in troposphere for 9-15 years ... -traps 25x more heat…
CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons)- sources
sources: air conditioners, refrigerators, production of plast…
CFCs
-cause temperature increase in troposphere ... -depletes ozone i…
58 terms
Chapter 18- Global Climate Change
public transportation
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Cha…
nitrous oxide
carbon emissions
The use of ____________ is one option for decreasing the use…
The _____________ is an international panel that reports on h…
by-product of feedlots, chemical manufacturing, and fertilize…
Hydrogen fuel cells, biodiesel, and long-range electric batte…
public transportation
The use of ____________ is one option for decreasing the use…
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Cha…
The _____________ is an international panel that reports on h…
33 terms
Ch 18 APES Global Climate Change
Global Climate Change
Global warming
Infrared radiation
Greenhouse gases
Any change in aspects of Earth's climate, such as temperature…
An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosph…
longer wavelength than visible light.
Ozone (O3), CO2, Nitrous Oxide (N2O) methane (CH4), CFCs,
Global Climate Change
Any change in aspects of Earth's climate, such as temperature…
Global warming
An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosph…
49 terms
Chapter 18 - Global Climate Change
climate
global climate change
global warming
three factors that influence climate
temp, precip, wind, humidity, barometric pressure, solar radi…
array of changes is aspects of earths climate (ie. temp, prec…
increase in earths average surface temp
sun, atmosphere, oceans
climate
temp, precip, wind, humidity, barometric pressure, solar radi…
global climate change
array of changes is aspects of earths climate (ie. temp, prec…
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Chapter 18: Climate and Climate Change
Climate
Tropical zone
Polar zone
Temperate zones
The average , year-after-year conditions of temperature, prec…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5° north latitude…
The area near both poles, from about 66.5° to 90 north and 66…
The area between the tropical and polar zones, from about 23.…
Climate
The average , year-after-year conditions of temperature, prec…
Tropical zone
The area near the equator, between about 23.5° north latitude…
19 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
troposphere
tropopause
stratosphere
mesosphere and thermosphere
contains the gases within the lowest layer of the atmosphere…
sits above the troposphere and is the boundary region where a…
a layer above the tropopause in which temperature increases w…
the two layers above the stratosphere where the Ozone concent…
troposphere
contains the gases within the lowest layer of the atmosphere…
tropopause
sits above the troposphere and is the boundary region where a…
23 terms
Chapter 18: Global Climate Change
Warmer oceans create humid air, leadin…
False; They have increased.
Atmosphere
1. It's the lowest level of the Earth'…
What is the link between hurricanes and global warming?
T/F: The number of category four and five hurricanes has decr…
What is a collection of gases held by gravity around the Earth?
List five facts about the Troposphere.
Warmer oceans create humid air, leadin…
What is the link between hurricanes and global warming?
False; They have increased.
T/F: The number of category four and five hurricanes has decr…
63 terms
Chapter 18 - Climate and Climate Change - Section II
What factors are used by scientists to…
What are the 6 main climate regions
What are the two types of rainy climat…
Who was the one who developed a system…
temperature and precipitation
tropical rainy, dry, temperate marine, temperate continental,…
tropical wet and tropical wet and dry
Wladimir Koppen
What factors are used by scientists to…
temperature and precipitation
What are the 6 main climate regions
tropical rainy, dry, temperate marine, temperate continental,…
10 terms
Chapter 18- Global Climate Change
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Climate
What are the three main greenhouse gas…
lowest layer. Contains practically all the water vapor and cl…
Temp increases with altitude. Temp increases because Stratosp…
Average temperature and precipitation expected throughout a t…
-Water vapor, CO2 and methane (20 X CO2)... -We don't worry muc…
Troposphere
lowest layer. Contains practically all the water vapor and cl…
Stratosphere
Temp increases with altitude. Temp increases because Stratosp…
49 terms
ES -Chapter 18:Global Climate Change
Climate
Global climate change
Changes Predicted
Global Warming
Describes an area's long term atmospheric conditions, includi…
Modifications in aspects of Earth's climate, such as temperat…
1) Temperatures will rise 3.2 to 7.2 oF in next 100 years... 2)…
An increase in Earth's average surface temperature
Climate
Describes an area's long term atmospheric conditions, includi…
Global climate change
Modifications in aspects of Earth's climate, such as temperat…
23 terms
Global Climate Change Vocab: Chapter 18
Adaptation
Aerosols
Carbon capture and sequestration
Carbon footprint
taking actions to manage risks from climate changed and lesse…
microscopic droplets and particles that either have a warming…
capturing CO2 from point sources (factories) and transporting…
the amount of greenhouse gases a group or individual produces…
Adaptation
taking actions to manage risks from climate changed and lesse…
Aerosols
microscopic droplets and particles that either have a warming…
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