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Study sets matching "climate change vocab chapter 16"

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Study sets matching "climate change vocab chapter 16"

16 terms
Chapter 16 Climate Change
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Gases
Thermohaline Circulation
El Nino
Is a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere…
The gases that cause the greenhouse effect.
Warmer less salty water moves deep beneath the ocean's surface.
Is a change in air pressure, wind patterns, ocean temperature…
Greenhouse Effect
Is a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere…
Greenhouse Gases
The gases that cause the greenhouse effect.
16 terms
Chapter 16 Climate Change
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Gases
Thermohaline Circulation
El Nino
Is a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere…
The gases that cause the greenhouse effect.
Warmer less salty water moves deep beneath the ocean's surface.
Is a change in air pressure, wind patterns, ocean temperature…
Greenhouse Effect
Is a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere…
Greenhouse Gases
The gases that cause the greenhouse effect.
Chapter 16 Climate Change
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Gases
Thermohaline Circulation
El Nino
Is a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere…
The gases that cause the greenhouse effect.
Warmer less salty water moves deep beneath the ocean's surface.
Is a change in air pressure, wind patterns, ocean temperature…
Greenhouse Effect
Is a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere…
Greenhouse Gases
The gases that cause the greenhouse effect.
16 terms
Chapter 16 Climate Change
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Gases
Thermohaline Circulation
El Nino
Is a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere…
The gases that cause the greenhouse effect.
Warmer less salty water moves deep beneath the ocean's surface.
Is a change in air pressure, wind patterns, ocean temperature…
Greenhouse Effect
Is a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere…
Greenhouse Gases
The gases that cause the greenhouse effect.
16 terms
Chapter 16 Global Climate Change
greenhouse effect
greenhouse gas
thermohaline circulation
El Nino
a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere tr…
a gas that traps heat near Earth, preventing the heat from ra…
an ocean pattern in which warm, less salty water moves along…
a periodic change in air pressure, wind patterns, ocean tempe…
greenhouse effect
a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere tr…
greenhouse gas
a gas that traps heat near Earth, preventing the heat from ra…
15 terms
Chapter 16: Global Climate Change
carbon footprint
carbon offset
carbon sequestration
carbon tax
the total carbon dioxide emissions produced by an individual,…
a voluntary payment made to compensate for greenhouse gas emi…
a method of storing carbon emissions to prevent their release…
a fee that the government charges polluters for each unit of…
carbon footprint
the total carbon dioxide emissions produced by an individual,…
carbon offset
a voluntary payment made to compensate for greenhouse gas emi…
Chapter 16- Climate and Climate Change
Climate
Earth's Energy Budget
Climate Equation
Insolation
characteristic atmospheric conditions at a particular place o…
-energy system of the Earth is in an approximate steady-state…
=Insolation (gains)- (reflection+reradiation) (losses)
amount of incoming solar radiation... -shows variability over ti…
Climate
characteristic atmospheric conditions at a particular place o…
Earth's Energy Budget
-energy system of the Earth is in an approximate steady-state…
15 terms
Chapter 16: Global Climate Change
carbon footprint
carbon offset
carbon sequestration
carbon tax
the total carbon dioxide emissions produced by an individual,…
a voluntary payment made to compensate for greenhouse gas emi…
a method of storing carbon emissions to prevent their release…
a fee that the government charges polluters for each unit of…
carbon footprint
the total carbon dioxide emissions produced by an individual,…
carbon offset
a voluntary payment made to compensate for greenhouse gas emi…
42 terms
CHAPTER 16: Climate Change
two ways to reduce/slow down climate c…
The ratio of reflected radiation to in…
based on model projections...
the long-term avg of____, including th…
1) reduce the amt of GHG entering the atm... 2) remove GHG from…
albedo
the trend of dec Arctic sea ice cover from 1885 to 1895 will…
weather; climate
two ways to reduce/slow down climate c…
1) reduce the amt of GHG entering the atm... 2) remove GHG from…
The ratio of reflected radiation to in…
albedo
16 terms
Chapter 16 Global Climate Change
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Gases
Thermohaline Circulation
El Nino
Is a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere…
The gases that cause the greenhouse effect.
Warmer less salty water moves deep beneath the ocean's surface.
Is a change in air pressure, wind patterns, ocean temperature…
Greenhouse Effect
Is a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere…
Greenhouse Gases
The gases that cause the greenhouse effect.
66 terms
Chapter 16: Climate change
Introduction
Defining Climate Change
Time Scales of Climate Change
Past Climates
Climate affects virtually every human activity... Because of th…
Climate change may be viewed as a change in the statistical p…
Climate changes on many different time scales, which complica…
Earth history has systematically been divided into the distin…
Introduction
Climate affects virtually every human activity... Because of th…
Defining Climate Change
Climate change may be viewed as a change in the statistical p…
16 terms
Chapter 16 Climate Change WHS
greenhouse effect
greenhouse gas
thermohaline circulation
El Niño
a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere tr…
a gas that traps heat near Earth, preventing the heat from ra…
an ocean pattern in which warm, less salty water moves along…
a periodic change in air pressure, wind patterns, ocean tempe…
greenhouse effect
a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere tr…
greenhouse gas
a gas that traps heat near Earth, preventing the heat from ra…
16 terms
Chapter 16 Global Climate Change
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Gases
Thermohaline Circulation
El Nino
Is a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere…
The gases that cause the greenhouse effect.
Warmer less salty water moves deep beneath the ocean's surface.
Is a change in air pressure, wind patterns, ocean temperature…
Greenhouse Effect
Is a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere…
Greenhouse Gases
The gases that cause the greenhouse effect.
16 terms
Chapter 16 Global Climate Change Vocabulary
Greenhouse effect
Greenhouse gas
Thermohaline circulation
El Niño
A natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere tr…
A gas that traps heat near Earth, preventing the heat from ra…
An ocean pattern in which warm, less salty water moves along…
A periodic change in air pressure, wind patterns, ocean tempe…
Greenhouse effect
A natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere tr…
Greenhouse gas
A gas that traps heat near Earth, preventing the heat from ra…
20 terms
Chapter 16 - Climate Change
• When was the Last Glacial Maximum (L…
• How low was sea level then?
• How much would sea level rise if the…
• The Greenland Ice Sheet?
20,000 years ago.
120 meters lower
About 60 meters.
About 6 meters
• When was the Last Glacial Maximum (L…
20,000 years ago.
• How low was sea level then?
120 meters lower
22 terms
Chapter 16 Climate Change
How is climate different from weather?
Describe how climate varies from small…
Is the last century the first time tha…
How do we figure out what past climate…
- climate is an average of weather
- climate changes can be due to very local things such as str…
- as records show yes
- written reports of freeze dates,... floods, etc.... - Plant infor…
How is climate different from weather?
- climate is an average of weather
Describe how climate varies from small…
- climate changes can be due to very local things such as str…
20 terms
Chapter 16: Climate Change
Global Warming...
Process of warming atmosphere...
Is climate change natural?
What is the Milankovitch Cycle?
Shortwave radiation from sun passes through the atmosphere an…
Earth re-radiates longwave radiation that is absorbed by gree…
Climate change is natural
Climate change cycle
Global Warming...
Shortwave radiation from sun passes through the atmosphere an…
Process of warming atmosphere...
Earth re-radiates longwave radiation that is absorbed by gree…
23 terms
Chapter 16: Climate Change
shortwave vs longwave energy
greenhouse gases
what is the greenhouse effect
what is radiative forcing? how do high…
shortwave energy is from the sun; longwave leaves the earth
water vapor, CO2, methane, nitrous oxide, CFCs, ozone
the ability of certain gases to capture and trap energy leavi…
the difference of sunlight absorbed by earth and energy radia…
shortwave vs longwave energy
shortwave energy is from the sun; longwave leaves the earth
greenhouse gases
water vapor, CO2, methane, nitrous oxide, CFCs, ozone
16 terms
Chapter 16 Vocabulary (Global Climate Change)
greenhouse effect
greenhouse gas
thermohaline circulation
El Nino
a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere tr…
a gas that traps heat near Earth, preventing the heat from ra…
an ocean pattern in which warm, less salty water moves along…
a periodic change in air pressure, wind patterns, ocean tempe…
greenhouse effect
a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere tr…
greenhouse gas
a gas that traps heat near Earth, preventing the heat from ra…
18 terms
Chapter 16: Climate Change
Describe how climate varies from small…
How do we figure out what past climate…
What is an ice age?
At the time of an ice age would the se…
Climate change can be due to very local effects like a street…
Written reports of freeze dates, floods etc. Plant informatio…
Glaciers covered significant area of earth
400 feet lower
Describe how climate varies from small…
Climate change can be due to very local effects like a street…
How do we figure out what past climate…
Written reports of freeze dates, floods etc. Plant informatio…
16 terms
Chapter 16 - Climate Change
greenhouse effect
greenhouse gas
thermohaline circulation
El Niño
a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere tr…
a gas that traps heat near earth, preventing the heat from ra…
an ocean pattern in which warm, less salty water moves along…
a periodic change in air pressure, wind patterns, ocean tempe…
greenhouse effect
a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere tr…
greenhouse gas
a gas that traps heat near earth, preventing the heat from ra…
24 terms
Chapter 16- Climate Change
Evidence of Climate Change
Climate
Earth's Climate is interactions of
Geosphere
-increasing temperature, melting ice, rising sea level, coral…
long term atmospheric conditions in a region
atmosphere, hydrosphere, Geosphere, Biosphere, Cryosphere
land interactions
Evidence of Climate Change
-increasing temperature, melting ice, rising sea level, coral…
Climate
long term atmospheric conditions in a region
15 terms
Chapter 16 - Global Climate Change
greenhouse effect
greenhouse gas
thermohaline circulation
El Niño
a natural process in which certain gasses in the atmosphere t…
a gas that traps heat near Earth, preventing the heat from ra…
an ocean pattern in which warm, less salty water moves along…
a periodic change in air pressure, wind patterns, ocean tempe…
greenhouse effect
a natural process in which certain gasses in the atmosphere t…
greenhouse gas
a gas that traps heat near Earth, preventing the heat from ra…
13 terms
Chapter 16: Climate Change
Climate
Carbon dioxide
Mass extinction
Thermohaline circulation
The conditions of Earth's atmosphere- including temperature,…
CO2
Event during which many species become extinct during a relat…
The vertical movement of ocean water driven by density differ…
Climate
The conditions of Earth's atmosphere- including temperature,…
Carbon dioxide
CO2
Chapter 16 Climate Change
How is climate different from weather
Describe how climate varies from small…
What is the last century the first tim…
How do we figure out what past climate…
It is the average weather for a particular region over a long…
They can occur from very local effects(street lights)/urbaniz…
...
historical era: written reports of freeze dates, floods that…
How is climate different from weather
It is the average weather for a particular region over a long…
Describe how climate varies from small…
They can occur from very local effects(street lights)/urbaniz…
10 terms
Chapter 16 Review : Climate Change
Greenhouse Effect
Greenhouse Gas
Cap and Trade
Water vapor and carbon dioxide
Process in which certain gases in the atmosphere keep heat ne…
Gas such as carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide that absorbs hea…
Program in which a government sets a limit on carbon emission…
2 Major Greenhouse Gases
Greenhouse Effect
Process in which certain gases in the atmosphere keep heat ne…
Greenhouse Gas
Gas such as carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide that absorbs hea…
20 terms
Chapter 16. Environment and Climate Change
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (…
Climate Change
Global Warming
Kyoto Protocol
The federal agency charged with protecting the environment.
A shift in global temperatures.
Rising average temperatures worldwide.
A 1997 international treaty that sought to reduce emissions o…
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (…
The federal agency charged with protecting the environment.
Climate Change
A shift in global temperatures.
16 terms
Environmental Science - Chapter 16: Global Climate Change
carbon footprint
carbon offset
carbon sequestration
carbon tax
the total carbon dioxide emissions produced by an individual,…
a voluntary payment made to compensate for greenhouse gas emi…
a method of storing carbon emissions to prevent their release…
a fee that the government charges polluters for each unit of…
carbon footprint
the total carbon dioxide emissions produced by an individual,…
carbon offset
a voluntary payment made to compensate for greenhouse gas emi…
22 terms
Chapter 16 Review: Climate Change
How is climate different from weather?
Describe how climate varies from small…
How do we figure out what past climate…
What is an ice age?
weather is day to day whereas climate is year to year (averag…
climate change can be due to very local effects such as a str…
written reports of freeze dates, floods, etc.; through plant…
where glaciers cover a significant amount of the earth's spac…
How is climate different from weather?
weather is day to day whereas climate is year to year (averag…
Describe how climate varies from small…
climate change can be due to very local effects such as a str…
16 terms
Environmental Science - Chapter 16: Global Climate Change
carbon footprint
carbon offset
carbon sequestration
carbon tax
the total carbon dioxide emissions produced by an individual,…
a voluntary payment made to compensate for greenhouse gas emi…
a method of storing carbon emissions to prevent their release…
a fee that the government charges polluters for each unit of…
carbon footprint
the total carbon dioxide emissions produced by an individual,…
carbon offset
a voluntary payment made to compensate for greenhouse gas emi…
28 terms
Chapter 16: Global Climate Change
Radiation
How much of the energy is absorbed by…
How much of the energy is reflected ba…
Greenhouse effect
How heat is transferred from the sun to the earth
70% is absorbed by earth when our atmosphere converts it to h…
30% is reflected back into space when it strikes land, water…
A natural process where greenhouse gases absorb heat and slow…
Radiation
How heat is transferred from the sun to the earth
How much of the energy is absorbed by…
70% is absorbed by earth when our atmosphere converts it to h…
14 terms
Science chapter 16 climate change
If earth did not have an atmosphere, m…
What is the main cause for global wind…
What happens as a result of the oceans…
Global warming refers specifically to…
Be relflected back to space
Unequal heating of different parts of earth
It causes a cool effect
Earths average surface temperature
If earth did not have an atmosphere, m…
Be relflected back to space
What is the main cause for global wind…
Unequal heating of different parts of earth
19 terms
Chapter 16: The Oceans and Climate Change
Climate
Climate System
Feedback Loops
Positive Feedback Loops
long term atmospheric conditions in a region
exchanges of energy and moisture between these spheres
sub processes that modify the end results of large scale atmo…
Enhance initial change
Climate
long term atmospheric conditions in a region
Climate System
exchanges of energy and moisture between these spheres
30 terms
Chapter 16: Global Climate Change
-A natural process in which greenhouse…
-a gas that traps heat from radiating…
How do you fix the greenhouse effect?
-a measure of a place's distance from…
greenhouse effect
greenhouse gas
-have to fix the hole in the ozone layer
latitude
-A natural process in which greenhouse…
greenhouse effect
-a gas that traps heat from radiating…
greenhouse gas
9 terms
GL 105 Chapter 16 Climate Change
Albedo
Carbon cycle
Sequestration
Climate feedbacks
The fraction of solar energy that is reflected back into spac…
Cyclic movement of carbon in different chemical forms from th…
The removal and storage of carbon from the atmosphere in carb…
Processes that either amplify or reduce climatic trends towar…
Albedo
The fraction of solar energy that is reflected back into spac…
Carbon cycle
Cyclic movement of carbon in different chemical forms from th…
15 terms
Environmental Science - Chapter 16: Global Climate Change
carbon footprint
carbon offset
carbon sequestration
carbon tax
the total carbon dioxide emissions produced by an individual,…
a voluntary payment made to compensate for greenhouse gas emi…
a method of storing carbon emissions to prevent their release…
a fee that the government charges polluters for each unit of…
carbon footprint
the total carbon dioxide emissions produced by an individual,…
carbon offset
a voluntary payment made to compensate for greenhouse gas emi…
15 terms
Environmental Science - Chapter 16: Global Climate Change
carbon footprint
carbon offset
carbon sequestration
carbon tax
the total carbon dioxide emissions produced by an individual,…
a voluntary payment made to compensate for greenhouse gas emi…
a method of storing carbon emissions to prevent their release…
a fee that the government charges polluters for each unit of…
carbon footprint
the total carbon dioxide emissions produced by an individual,…
carbon offset
a voluntary payment made to compensate for greenhouse gas emi…
30 terms
Science 10 Chapter 16: Climate change through natural processes and human activities. Vocabulary
biogeoclimatic zone
carbon cycle
carbon offset
carbon sink
a region with a certain type of plant life, soil, geography,…
the nutrient cycle in which carbon is moved through the biosp…
an emission-reduction credit that people buy to help make up…
a body or process (e.g., plants, oceans, and soil) that remov…
biogeoclimatic zone
a region with a certain type of plant life, soil, geography,…
carbon cycle
the nutrient cycle in which carbon is moved through the biosp…
33 terms
Environmental Science chapter 16 - Global Climate Change
greenhouse effect
what are the greenhouse gasses
latitude
connection between changes in latitude…
natural process where certain gasses in the atmosphere trap h…
carbon dioxide ... methane... water vapor
the angular distance of a place north or south of the Earth's…
long term patterns for a specific area
greenhouse effect
natural process where certain gasses in the atmosphere trap h…
what are the greenhouse gasses
carbon dioxide ... methane... water vapor
23 terms
Chapter 16 - Global Climate Change Test
how much of the energy is reflected ba…
how much of the energy is absorbed by…
green house effect - what is it? what…
what is latitude? how does it affect c…
30% of incoming radiation is reflected back into space when i…
70% of incoming radiation is absorbed by earth and our atmosp…
a natural process in which greenhouse gases absorb heat and t…
a measure of a places distance from the equator, the grater t…
how much of the energy is reflected ba…
30% of incoming radiation is reflected back into space when i…
how much of the energy is absorbed by…
70% of incoming radiation is absorbed by earth and our atmosp…
20 terms
Climate and Climate Change Vocabulary
Climate
Tropical Zone
Polar Zone
Temperate Zone
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
Areas near the poles; extend from 66.5 to 90 north and 66.5 t…
Area between the tropical and the polar zone.
Climate
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
Tropical Zone
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
36 terms
Chapter 16 Weather and Climate
weather
air pressure
barometer
barometer
state of the atmosphere at a given time and place
force of air against a unit of area
instrument used to measure air pressure
weather
state of the atmosphere at a given time and place
air pressure
force of air against a unit of area
54 terms
Climate Change Vocabulary
Adaptation
Acclimatize
Atmosphere
Anthropogenic
the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to va…
to adjust to changes in environmental variables
The area in which all air exists; this sphere contains all of…
having to do with man, or caused by humans.
Adaptation
the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to va…
Acclimatize
to adjust to changes in environmental variables
43 terms
Keller Chapter 16: Climate Change and Earth Systems Science
Atmosphere
La Nina
Troposphere
Glacial Ice
Earth's ______ encompasses all of the gaseous substances on o…
_ _ refers to periodic cooling of Pacific waters off the coas…
The O3 in Earth's __ is slightly toxic and can cause severe h…
__ __ preserves tiny bubbles of ancient atmosphere.
Atmosphere
Earth's ______ encompasses all of the gaseous substances on o…
La Nina
_ _ refers to periodic cooling of Pacific waters off the coas…
21 terms
Chapter 16: Climate
Climate
Latitude
Polar Zones, Tropics and Temperate Zones
Latitude, Landmarks and Large Cities
the pattern of weather that occurs in an area over many years
location point North or South of the equator
these are types of climates
these affect climate
Climate
the pattern of weather that occurs in an area over many years
Latitude
location point North or South of the equator
16 terms
Climate Change Vocabulary
carbon footprint
alternative energy source
sustainable
renewable
the amount of CO2 (carbon dioxide) released due to your activ…
energy sources like wind, solar, hydroelectric or geothermal…
able to be maintained over a long period of time... capaz de man…
can be used over and over again, easily replace... Solar power i…
carbon footprint
the amount of CO2 (carbon dioxide) released due to your activ…
alternative energy source
energy sources like wind, solar, hydroelectric or geothermal…
8 terms
Ch 16 Global Climate Change
greenhouse effect
greenhouse gases
effect of latitude on Earth's climate
atmospheric convection cell
Natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
Gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, water v…
Latitude affects climate in an area because it dictates the i…
when warm air rises into the atmosphere and creates currents;…
greenhouse effect
Natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
greenhouse gases
Gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, water v…
20 terms
Ch 16 Humans and Climate Change
Humans on Earth
Impact of Climate on the evolution of…
Climate Hypothesis of Human Evolution
Human evolution in 5 steps
Man appeared ~4 mya. Less than 1/10k of the entire Earth's hi…
Humans evolved in Africa. K/Ar from basalts give accurate dat…
The idea is that evolution was rapid when climate changed at…
1. Branching off from the great apes 4-6 mya... 2. Bipedalism ~4…
Humans on Earth
Man appeared ~4 mya. Less than 1/10k of the entire Earth's hi…
Impact of Climate on the evolution of…
Humans evolved in Africa. K/Ar from basalts give accurate dat…
20 terms
Climate and Climate Change Vocabulary
Climate
Tropical Zone
Polar Zone
Temperate Zone
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
Areas near the poles; extend from 66.5 to 90 north and 66.5 t…
Area between the tropical and the polar zone.
Climate
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
Tropical Zone
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
20 terms
Climate and Climate Change Vocabulary
Climate
Tropical Zone
Polar Zone
Temperate Zone
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
Areas near the poles; extend from 66.5 to 90 north and 66.5 t…
Area between the tropical and the polar zone.
Climate
Refers to the average, year-after-year conditions of temperat…
Tropical Zone
The area near the equator, between about 23.5 north latitude…
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