Study sets matching "clin lab 1"

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Study sets matching "clin lab 1"

260 terms
Clin Lab 1
When preparing a blood smear via the w…
A properly prepared blood film is ____…
A _____ angle is used for amenic blood
A _____ angle is used for hemoconcentr…
30 degree
thin, even
larger
smaller
When preparing a blood smear via the w…
30 degree
A properly prepared blood film is ____…
thin, even
81 terms
Clin Lab 1
Medical Director
Pathologist
Lab Officer
MT vs MLT (Medical Laboratory Technici…
Provides overall supervision and management of lab personnel…
Usually the medical director of a lab
-Provides administrative direction... -Maintains quality control…
MT has a Bachelor's... MLT has an Associate's... Both require nat.…
Medical Director
Provides overall supervision and management of lab personnel…
Pathologist
Usually the medical director of a lab
32 terms
Clin Lab 1 (RBC Morphology)
Decrease in the #'s of RBC's... Decreased…
Mature cells... Anucleate (mammals)... Red,…
Size does not correlate w/ animal size…
Increase in #'s of RBC's... Causes:... Dehy…
Anemia
Normal Erythrocytes
Erythrocyte diameter and species size
Polycythemia
Decrease in the #'s of RBC's... Decreased…
Anemia
Mature cells... Anucleate (mammals)... Red,…
Normal Erythrocytes
52 terms
Clin Lab 1. Intro
Why do we order tests?
Screening Tests
Diagnostic Testing
Monitoring Tests
To reduce clinical uncertainty... -"will this test change my c…
Screen asymptomatic patients for disease... - ie: cholesterol…
*Helps refine your differential diagnosis of symptomatic pati…
Follow progression/resolution of disease or health... - ie: g…
Why do we order tests?
To reduce clinical uncertainty... -"will this test change my c…
Screening Tests
Screen asymptomatic patients for disease... - ie: cholesterol…
Clin Lab 1
What is Phlebotomy
What are the types of blood specimens
What is whole blood
What is serum
collecting & processing blood
Whole blood & Serum & Plasma
formed elements & fluid plasma remain combined (sample doesn'…
Blood clots consisting of blood cells trapped in a mesh of fi…
What is Phlebotomy
collecting & processing blood
What are the types of blood specimens
Whole blood & Serum & Plasma
45 terms
Clin Lab 1
Role of clinical labratory
Reasons to order lab tests
Evidence Based Medicine
Practice of EBM means
-Generate information... -Educate providers & staff
-Identify changes in patients health... -Diagnose disease or con…
-Conscientious, explicit, & judicious use of current best evi…
-integrating individual clinical expertise with best availabl…
Role of clinical labratory
-Generate information... -Educate providers & staff
Reasons to order lab tests
-Identify changes in patients health... -Diagnose disease or con…
Clin Lab 1
Centrifuge
Supernatant
Sediment
Swinging arm centrifuge
Machine that spins fast and will seperate cells and pariculat…
Liquid portion of a sample after centrifugation
Solid portion of a sample
Contains specimen cups that hang vertically when at rest and…
Centrifuge
Machine that spins fast and will seperate cells and pariculat…
Supernatant
Liquid portion of a sample after centrifugation
50 terms
Clin Lab 1: RBC Maturation
Hematopoesis
where does Hematopesis occur?
Red Marrow
Yellow Marrow
creation of blood cells
fetus, liver and spleen until marrow is developed
where cells are produced.
contains fat adipose ... reverts to red marrow when needed
Hematopoesis
creation of blood cells
where does Hematopesis occur?
fetus, liver and spleen until marrow is developed
41 terms
clin path lab 1 review
scanning objective (4x)
low power objective (10x)
high power objective (40x)
oil immersion objective (100x)
-used to scan large areas
-used to establish quality of blood smear and determine distr…
-used to identify and read RBC counts
-used to study detail or structure and to identify cells
scanning objective (4x)
-used to scan large areas
low power objective (10x)
-used to establish quality of blood smear and determine distr…
186 terms
Clin Lab 1 Notes
Many morphologic changes that can give…
Performing a differential WBC Count
Relative WBC count
Calculating absolute values
Examples:... -nucleated RBCs... -megaplatelets... -Heinz bodies... -targe…
1.) examine the slide under the 10x objective... -assess overall…
-the expression of the different blood cell types as a percen…
-once the differential count has been performed and 100 cells…
Many morphologic changes that can give…
Examples:... -nucleated RBCs... -megaplatelets... -Heinz bodies... -targe…
Performing a differential WBC Count
1.) examine the slide under the 10x objective... -assess overall…
19 terms
Clin Lab 1 (Plasma and Serum)
Plasma proteins (3)
Plasma
Factors that influence plasma protein
Total protein significance
Albumin... Globulins... Fibrinogen
Liquid portion of blood... 90% water, 10% dissolved constituents…
Liver/Renal health and fxn... Diet... Hydration status... Immune status
High TP can = dehydrated... Low TP can = overhydrated... Used in s…
Plasma proteins (3)
Albumin... Globulins... Fibrinogen
Plasma
Liquid portion of blood... 90% water, 10% dissolved constituents…
109 terms
Clin Med Lab 1 PP 2 Hematology
Hematology
Anemia
Causes of anemia
Aplasia
The science concerned with blood and the blood-forming tissue
decreased hemoglobin and hematocrit levels ( oxygen carrying…
Increased destruction of red blood cells... Hemolytic anemias... D…
failure of an organ or tissue to develop normally ... Aplastic…
Hematology
The science concerned with blood and the blood-forming tissue
Anemia
decreased hemoglobin and hematocrit levels ( oxygen carrying…
Clin. Lab 1: Glassware
Acid Citrate Dextrose
ACD (yellow), Potassium oxalate/ Sodiu…
pathogens
ACD, before, before
_ anticoagulant only used in transfusion medicine
List of anticoagulants and top colors (5 total)
ACD is used to check for _ in blood transfusion- injected in…
_ is put in blood transfusion bags _ being sent out or _ givi…
Acid Citrate Dextrose
_ anticoagulant only used in transfusion medicine
ACD (yellow), Potassium oxalate/ Sodiu…
List of anticoagulants and top colors (5 total)
50 terms
Clin Lab 1 - WBC
-neutrophils... -basophils... -eosinophils
-monocytes... -lymphocytes
leukopoiesis
pluripotent
what are the granulocytes
what are the agranulocytes
term meaning the formation of white blood cells
all blood cells are produced from ____________ stem cells
-neutrophils... -basophils... -eosinophils
what are the granulocytes
-monocytes... -lymphocytes
what are the agranulocytes
80 terms
Clin Lab 1 PP 1.
Cellular portion of blood
Medical Director
Labaratory Officer
Medical Technologist
RBC, WBC, and platelets
Provides overall supervision and management of laboratory per…
Provides administrative direction of the laboratory... Maintains…
holds a bachelors degree.require national certification by th…
Cellular portion of blood
RBC, WBC, and platelets
Medical Director
Provides overall supervision and management of laboratory per…
165 terms
Clin Lab 1 - microscope and RBC
Hemolysins
Plasma is composed of?
To separate plasma from the cellular c…
Icteric serum is what color?
Destroys RBC
90% water and 10% dissolved substance
10; 2000
yellow
Hemolysins
Destroys RBC
Plasma is composed of?
90% water and 10% dissolved substance
Clin lab 1: blood tubes
Red blood tube
Lavender blood tube
Green blood tube
Light blue tube
No additives used for tests requiring serum and blood chemistry
EDTA (anti coagulate) used for hematology
Lithium heprin used for electrolyte study and vet test Chemis…
Sodium citrate (anticoagulant) used for PT/PTT ,VWD and coagu…
Red blood tube
No additives used for tests requiring serum and blood chemistry
Lavender blood tube
EDTA (anti coagulate) used for hematology
30 terms
Erythrocyte Morphology Clin Lab 1
Macrocytosis
Microcytosis
Polychromasia
Hypochromasia
Increase of larger than normal RBC's (immature cells). Caused…
Increase of smaller than normal RBC's. Caused by iron deficie…
Purpley bluey color when stained with Diff Quik (polychromato…
Lightly colored with a lack of hemoglobin. Caused by an iron…
Macrocytosis
Increase of larger than normal RBC's (immature cells). Caused…
Microcytosis
Increase of smaller than normal RBC's. Caused by iron deficie…
47 terms
Clin Lab 1 (Lab and Hematology)
Good laboratory design
Lab safety equipment
What are the two lenses on a microscope?
What is the magnification of the ocula…
Separate area from hospital... Good lighting... Lots of storage and…
Eye wash stations... Fire extinguishers... Spill clean up kits... Glov…
Ocular and objective
10x
Good laboratory design
Separate area from hospital... Good lighting... Lots of storage and…
Lab safety equipment
Eye wash stations... Fire extinguishers... Spill clean up kits... Glov…
31 terms
Clin Lab 1.2 Cooper
Basic metabolic panel
BMP 8 things
BMP sodium and what its looking at
BMP Sodium. HYPERNATREMIA
Chemistry panel that includes electrolytes or kidney tests
1. Sodium... 2. Chlorine... 3. Potassium... 4. CO2 content (1-4 are el…
Major cation to ECF... Determines fluid volume in body and facil…
dehydrated. emia inside blood... relative body water deficit
Basic metabolic panel
Chemistry panel that includes electrolytes or kidney tests
BMP 8 things
1. Sodium... 2. Chlorine... 3. Potassium... 4. CO2 content (1-4 are el…
9 terms
Clin Lab 1: Normals Dog
RBC normals
Hemoglobin
Hematocrit
MCV
5.5-8.5
12-18
37-55
60-77
RBC normals
5.5-8.5
Hemoglobin
12-18
Vti Clin. Lab 1 Coagulation
Buccal mucosa bleeding time (BMBT)
Normal bleeding times for domestic ani…
Activated clotting time (ACT)
ACT normal
Primary assay for the detection of abnormality in platelet fu…
1-5 minutes
test can evaluate every clinically significant clotting facto…
60-90 seonds
Buccal mucosa bleeding time (BMBT)
Primary assay for the detection of abnormality in platelet fu…
Normal bleeding times for domestic ani…
1-5 minutes
34 terms
Clin lab 1: RBC Morphology
Poikilocytosis
Spherocytes
where are spherocytes present?
Ghost Cells
-may or may not be clinically significant... -abnormal in shape
-shphere shape... -dark staining... -very minimum to no central pal…
in patients with IMHA
- ruptured RBC's that lose their hemoglobin... - results in an e…
Poikilocytosis
-may or may not be clinically significant... -abnormal in shape
Spherocytes
-shphere shape... -dark staining... -very minimum to no central pal…
28 terms
Clin Path Lab 1
Segmented neutrophils
Band neutrophils
Eosinophils
Basophils
- intermediate size (lymphocytes smaller and monocytes larger…
- immature neutrophils... - horsehoe or s-shaped, smooth nucleus…
- larger than neutrophils... - chromatin pattern nucleus... - granu…
- rare to absent... - segmented nucleus and bluish cytoplasm... - c…
Segmented neutrophils
- intermediate size (lymphocytes smaller and monocytes larger…
Band neutrophils
- immature neutrophils... - horsehoe or s-shaped, smooth nucleus…
Clin. Lab 1 Platelets, Anemia, Reticulocytes & hemostasis
Platelet
Platelet is also known as
Does platelets have nucleus? if so how…
4 clotting function
A disc shaped blood cell that facilitates blood coagulation (…
Thrombocytes
No nucleus
1) maintain vescular integrity (sealing off minor deficiencie…
Platelet
A disc shaped blood cell that facilitates blood coagulation (…
Platelet is also known as
Thrombocytes
97 terms
Clin Lab 1 Final
Plasma
Serum
Function of Plasma?
Serum Separator tube
**unclotted portion of blood ... **liquid portion of whole blood…
**clotted blood ... **liquid portion of clotted blood... No fibrino…
-transportion ... -maintains body temp ... -mantains pH (7.4) ... -ele…
contains gel
Plasma
**unclotted portion of blood ... **liquid portion of whole blood…
Serum
**clotted blood ... **liquid portion of clotted blood... No fibrino…
75 terms
Clin Lab 1 Final Review
Accuracy
Precision
Random errors
Systematic errors
how closely the results agree with the true value
reproducibility of measurements (magnitude of random errors)
variation found in glassware and pipettes; temperature contro…
inaccurate standard sera, reagent instability, improperly mai…
Accuracy
how closely the results agree with the true value
Precision
reproducibility of measurements (magnitude of random errors)
21 terms
Clin Lab 1: RBC Morphology ID
Spherocytes
Ghost cells
Eccentrocytes
Echinocytes- Burr Cells
Spherocytes
Ghost cells
VTI: CLIN LAB 1 - Anemia & Reticulocytes
What are the 3 causes of anemia?
What are some clinical signs of anemia?
True or False: Animals can adapt to be…
What is Regenerative Anemia?
1. Destruction... 2. Decreased Production... 3. Increase in blood l…
Paleness, panting, lethargic, weak, passing out
True (Esp. if it's chronic anemia)
An indication that the body is responding (& regenerating RBC…
What are the 3 causes of anemia?
1. Destruction... 2. Decreased Production... 3. Increase in blood l…
What are some clinical signs of anemia?
Paleness, panting, lethargic, weak, passing out
36 terms
Clin lab 1 microscope/blood storage
Red top tube abbreviation
Red top tube additive
What does a red top tube yield?
Red top tube uses
RTT
Nothing
Serum RTT
Chemistry determinations, immunologic testing, therapeutic dr…
Red top tube abbreviation
RTT
Red top tube additive
Nothing
11 terms
VTI ClinLab1 - Microscope Terminology
Macroscopic
Microscopic
Working distance
Resolution
Large; visible to the naked eye
Very small; Invisible/indistinct without the use of a microsc…
Distance between the cover glass/object and the tip of the ob…
Clarity; ability to discern two objects as two distinct points
Macroscopic
Large; visible to the naked eye
Microscopic
Very small; Invisible/indistinct without the use of a microsc…
Clin. Lab 1 formulas
Hgb
RBC count
MCV
MCH
PCV/3
PCV/6
PCV/RBC•10
Hgb•10/RBC
Hgb
PCV/3
RBC count
PCV/6
20 terms
Clin Lab 1 - Microscope Terms
Microscope
Microscopic
Macroscopic
Working Distance
An instrument used to enlarge a small objects image to reveal…
Of extremely small size, visible only with the aid of a micro…
Of large size, visible to the unaided eye.
The maximum distance at which the objective is able to focus.
Microscope
An instrument used to enlarge a small objects image to reveal…
Microscopic
Of extremely small size, visible only with the aid of a micro…
20 terms
Clin Lab 1 - Microscope Terms
Microscope
Microscopic
Macroscopic
Working Distance
An instrument used to enlarge a small objects image to reveal…
Of extremely small size, visible only with the aid of a micro…
Of large size, visible to the unaided eye.
The maximum distance at which the objective is able to focus.
Microscope
An instrument used to enlarge a small objects image to reveal…
Microscopic
Of extremely small size, visible only with the aid of a micro…
Clin Lab 1 Test 1
What does TD mean
What does TC mean
Which glassware are calibrated for pre…
How should glassware be cleaned?
To deliver
To contain
Volume metric
Wash with warm water and soap, rinse and air dry
What does TD mean
To deliver
What does TC mean
To contain
32 terms
Clin lab 1: Chapter 1
The practice of evidence-based medicin…
A GOOD test provides information that…
This type of test uses resources but f…
This type of test uses resources and p…
Evidence Based Medicine
Screening: High sensitivity & Negative Predictive Value... Diagn…
Bad test
Ugly test
The practice of evidence-based medicin…
Evidence Based Medicine
A GOOD test provides information that…
Screening: High sensitivity & Negative Predictive Value... Diagn…
21 terms
Clin Lab 1. RBC Inclusions
hollow jolly bodies
hollow jolly bodies
hollow jolly bodies
basophilic stippling
occurs during accelerated erythropoiesis
indicate a regenerative anemia
have a nuclear remnant
presence of small, dark-blue bodies
hollow jolly bodies
occurs during accelerated erythropoiesis
hollow jolly bodies
indicate a regenerative anemia
21 terms
Clin Lab 1 Intro to Hematology
7.35 - 7.45
Erythrocytes
Bone marrow
Hemoglobin
Normal pH of blood
Another name for RBCs
Where are RBCs produced?
-This allows the RBC to carry oxygen... -Gives RBC its red color
7.35 - 7.45
Normal pH of blood
Erythrocytes
Another name for RBCs
53 terms
Clin Lab 1: Chapter 6
This is the practice of measuring the…
The goal of this is to INCREASE the li…
_______ provides a mathematical basis…
Pharmacokinetics provides a mathematic…
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Goal of TDM
Pharmacokinetics
Absorption... Distribution... Metabolism... Excretion
This is the practice of measuring the…
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
The goal of this is to INCREASE the li…
Goal of TDM
Clin Lab 1 Set 2
Howell Jolly bodies
Howell jolly bodies
Basophilic stippling
RNA
_: nonfunctional nuclear remnants located within RBC
_: seen with various types of anemias, improper spleen functi…
_: fine to dark granules on cytoplasm of cell
Basophilic stippling is residual _
Howell Jolly bodies
_: nonfunctional nuclear remnants located within RBC
Howell jolly bodies
_: seen with various types of anemias, improper spleen functi…
51 terms
Clin lab 1: Lecture 4
Provides a guide to the functioning of…
Demonstrates an abrupt shift or change…
Detects any progressive drift of value…
Detects any progressive drift of value…
Quality Control Program
Shift
Trend (drift)
Quality control program
Provides a guide to the functioning of…
Quality Control Program
Demonstrates an abrupt shift or change…
Shift
34 terms
Clin lab 1: Chapter 5
This has high magnification, but low r…
This microscopy is preferable to brigh…
Facilitates the study of UNSTAINED str…
Certain objects or crystals have the a…
Light (bright-field) Microscopy
Phase contract microscopes
Phase-contrast microscope
Birefringence, Polarizing Light Microscope
This has high magnification, but low r…
Light (bright-field) Microscopy
This microscopy is preferable to brigh…
Phase contract microscopes
106 terms
Clin Lab 1: Chapter 7
Transport of hypothalamus releasing fa…
CSF provides an ______ waste function…
How does CSF maintain the CNS homeosta…
______ in CSF pressure and ______ veno…
CSF
Excretory
They maintain the ionic homeostasis and blood brain barrier.
Increase, Decrease
Transport of hypothalamus releasing fa…
CSF
CSF provides an ______ waste function…
Excretory
30 terms
Clin lab 1: Chapter 3
Formed elements and fluid plasma remai…
Blood clots (w/in 20-30 min) consistin…
Blood must NOT clot (anticoagulant add…
The liquid portion of clotted blood sa…
Whole Blood
Serum
Plasma
Serum
Formed elements and fluid plasma remai…
Whole Blood
Blood clots (w/in 20-30 min) consistin…
Serum
324 terms
Clin Lab 1 Final Review
Exocrine pancreas
Endocrine pancreas
Exocrine tests for?
Amylase
production of digestive enzymes by acinar cells
production of insulin & glucagon by islet cells
Amylase and Lipase
Catalyst in the breakdown of starch & glycogen .Primary sourc…
Exocrine pancreas
production of digestive enzymes by acinar cells
Endocrine pancreas
production of insulin & glucagon by islet cells
98 terms
Clin lab 1 final review
Retic count formula
Absolute Retic count formula
RBC Count formula
Hemoglobin Estimate
Reticulocytes in 10 fields of view / 10 = %
Retic count / 100 x RBC Count=______ul
Pcv/6=______x10^6/ul
Pcv/3=________g/dl
Retic count formula
Reticulocytes in 10 fields of view / 10 = %
Absolute Retic count formula
Retic count / 100 x RBC Count=______ul
VTI clin lab 1: Hematology terms
Agranulocyte
Anticoagulant
Aplastic
Azurophil
A leukocyte w/o definite cytoplasmic granules
Substance that prevents coagulation
Cessation of blood cell formation
Granules found in the cytoplasm of granulocytes of reptile bl…
Agranulocyte
A leukocyte w/o definite cytoplasmic granules
Anticoagulant
Substance that prevents coagulation
5 terms
Clin Lab 1.2 testing
Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP)
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP)
Complete Blood count (CBC)
urinalysis
Sodium (Na+)... Chlorine (CL-)... Potassium (K+)... CO2... Blood urea Nit…
All BMP... Albumin (ALB)... Alanine Transaminase (ALT)... Alkaline pho…
Total Red blood count (RBC)... Hemoglobin (Hgb)... Hematocrit (Hct)…
Specific Gravity... pH... Protein... Glucose... Ketones... Blood... Leucocyte e…
Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP)
Sodium (Na+)... Chlorine (CL-)... Potassium (K+)... CO2... Blood urea Nit…
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP)
All BMP... Albumin (ALB)... Alanine Transaminase (ALT)... Alkaline pho…
Hematology Unit 2 Clin Lab 1.
Traditional method of collecting samples
Blood collection tubes come in two maj…
The blood stopper colour determines the?
Anticoagulants
Needle and syringe.
Micro and Regular
Additive of the stopper.
Keep the blood from clotting.
Traditional method of collecting samples
Needle and syringe.
Blood collection tubes come in two maj…
Micro and Regular
28 terms
Clin Lab 1: Test 1 Review
If a animals TP is decreased, what cou…
If an animals TP is increased, what co…
Is plasma or serum used for TP testing?
When looking through a refractometer,…
over hydration
dehydration
plasma
right
If a animals TP is decreased, what cou…
over hydration
If an animals TP is increased, what co…
dehydration
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