Study sets matching "clin med spring"

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Study sets matching "clin med spring"

70 terms
Clin Med Spring Headache
Primary headache
Secondary headache
sinus HA
cluster HA
associated with CNS pathology... -cluster, tension, and migraine
associated with an underlying condition or dz... -brain tumor, s…
pain is usually behind the forehead and/or cheekbones
pain is in and around one eye
Primary headache
associated with CNS pathology... -cluster, tension, and migraine
Secondary headache
associated with an underlying condition or dz... -brain tumor, s…
45 terms
Clin Med Spring MS
MS defined
pathophys of MS
function of tight junctions in CNS
CNS can repair itself with these
a chronic and degenerative dz of the CNS in which gradual des…
t-cell makes it through the BB by unknown causes to attack th…
prevents WBC from getting into CNS
oligodendrocytes
MS defined
a chronic and degenerative dz of the CNS in which gradual des…
pathophys of MS
t-cell makes it through the BB by unknown causes to attack th…
134 terms
Clin Med Spring Brain Tumors
Most common occuring primary brain tum…
mortality rate in malignant brain tumors
account for 30% of all primary tumors
80% of these tumors are malignant
astrocytoma... chondrosarcoma... choroid plexus... craniopharyngioma... c…
50%
glial
glial
Most common occuring primary brain tum…
astrocytoma... chondrosarcoma... choroid plexus... craniopharyngioma... c…
mortality rate in malignant brain tumors
50%
139 terms
Clin Med Spring Delerium and Dementia
Reticular asctivating system RAS
cerebral cortex
Left Perisylvian
Parietofrontal network
the ability to respond to stimuli depends on an intact RAS,…
cognition relies on an intact cerebral cortex
network for language... -aphasias
spatial orientation... -neglect
Reticular asctivating system RAS
the ability to respond to stimuli depends on an intact RAS,…
cerebral cortex
cognition relies on an intact cerebral cortex
50 terms
Clin Med Spring Movement Disorders
Classification of Movement Disorders
tremor
dystonia
athetosis
Hyperkinetic Disorders... Bradykinetic Disorders... Ataxic disorder…
rhythmic oscillation of a body part due to intermittent muscl…
involuntary, patterned, sustained or repeated muscle contract…
slow, distal writhing, involuntary movements with a propensit…
Classification of Movement Disorders
Hyperkinetic Disorders... Bradykinetic Disorders... Ataxic disorder…
tremor
rhythmic oscillation of a body part due to intermittent muscl…
70 terms
CLin Med Spring CNS Infections
Pathophys of CNS infection
Classic triad presentation of CNS infe…
If untreated, common symptoms of CNS i…
Progression of CNS infection is associ…
hematogenous spread is most common... 2nd most common is spread…
HA... nuchal ridgidity... AMS
vomiting, seizures, photophobia, focal neuro deficits
pathogen
Pathophys of CNS infection
hematogenous spread is most common... 2nd most common is spread…
Classic triad presentation of CNS infe…
HA... nuchal ridgidity... AMS
31 terms
Clin Med Spring Parkinson Dz
What is Parkinson Dz?
Main Symptoms of Parkinson Dz
Etiology of Parkinson Dz
Chromosome 1-PARK 7 gene
Recognized as one of the most common neurological disorders…
tremor... -one or both sides of the body at rest... Bradykinesia... -…
Cause is unkown... Genetic component... -15% have family hx
codes for DR1 protein... early onset- < 50 yo... autosomal recess…
What is Parkinson Dz?
Recognized as one of the most common neurological disorders…
Main Symptoms of Parkinson Dz
tremor... -one or both sides of the body at rest... Bradykinesia... -…
clin med spring 1
ulcer
wheal
vernix caseosa
vellus hair
loss of epidermis & dermis, concave, varies in size
elevated, irregular-shaped area of cutaneous edema: solid, tr…
mixture of sebum & cornified epidermis that covers the infant…
short, fine, inconspicuous and relatively nonpigmented hair
ulcer
loss of epidermis & dermis, concave, varies in size
wheal
elevated, irregular-shaped area of cutaneous edema: solid, tr…
41 terms
Clin Med Spring 1
Amenorrhea
Bartholin glands
Chadwick sign
Climacteric
absence or suppression of menstruation
located posteriorly on each side of the vaginal orfice with o…
A bluish discoloration of the cervix that normally occurs wit…
a term that describes the period that marks the cessation of…
Amenorrhea
absence or suppression of menstruation
Bartholin glands
located posteriorly on each side of the vaginal orfice with o…
111 terms
Clin. Med Repro (spring)
What vaccines for pregnancy?
Chadwick sign
Hegar sign
When does UPT (urine positive test) ha…
Rubella, Hepatitis B, and Varicella
Vaginal vascular congestion
Increased friability and softening of the cervix
4 weeks EGA (2 weeks after conception)... -3-4 weeks EGA... -4-6 we…
What vaccines for pregnancy?
Rubella, Hepatitis B, and Varicella
Chadwick sign
Vaginal vascular congestion
152 terms
Spring Clin med final
lichen planus ... what does it look like…
christmas tree pattern
herald patch... tx -
auspitz sign
papule, purple, polygonal, pruritic... tx - corticosteroids
pityriasis rosea
pityriasis rosea... tx - symptomatic
psoriasis... peeling causes bleeding
lichen planus ... what does it look like…
papule, purple, polygonal, pruritic... tx - corticosteroids
christmas tree pattern
pityriasis rosea
Clin med exam 3 (spring)
4 steps in pain reaction
how are noxious stimuli transmitted
term: pain arising from damage to tiss…
factors that influence pain
transduction: afferent nerves to nociceptive impulses... transmi…
small diameter unmyelinated A fibers then by myelinated C fib…
nociceptive pain
bio... psycho... social
4 steps in pain reaction
transduction: afferent nerves to nociceptive impulses... transmi…
how are noxious stimuli transmitted
small diameter unmyelinated A fibers then by myelinated C fib…
clin skills spring nephro
as serum creatinine goes up, GFR...
electrolytes in dehydration
urine specific gravity = dehydration
urine specific gravity = hydrated
goes down
...
concentrated urine >1.020
dilute urine <1.016
as serum creatinine goes up, GFR...
goes down
electrolytes in dehydration
...
70 terms
Spring Clin Med Epilepsy and Seizures
Highest incidence of seizure occurs du…
Seizure defined
Seizure is a result of
Epilepsy defined
early childhood or late adulthood
paroxysmal event of abnormal, excessive, hypersynchronous dis…
long lasting hyperpolarization of brain cells that leads to h…
condition in which an individual has recurrent seizures due t…
Highest incidence of seizure occurs du…
early childhood or late adulthood
Seizure defined
paroxysmal event of abnormal, excessive, hypersynchronous dis…
344 terms
Clin Med - Spring Final
incomplete fractures
complete fractures
soft signs of fracture
basic ortho tx plan
- greenstick... - fissure
- transverse... - oblique... - comminuted... - impacted... - compression…
- fever (w/in 24 hours)... - anemia... - shock... - nerve injury... - fat…
- NSAIDs... - PT... - joint injections (steroids)... - surgery
incomplete fractures
- greenstick... - fissure
complete fractures
- transverse... - oblique... - comminuted... - impacted... - compression…
Clin Med Spring Final
Treatment of Portal HTN
Treatment of spontaneous bacterial per…
Dx of Alcoholic Liver Disease
Painless jaundice
TIPS
Cefotaxime
AST:ALT > 2... Elevated GGT
Pancreatic/biliary cancer until proven otherwise
Treatment of Portal HTN
TIPS
Treatment of spontaneous bacterial per…
Cefotaxime
clin skills spring neuro
Bacterial meningitis cell level
best way to differentiate between bact…
bacterial meningitis glucose level
bacterial meningitis protein level
200-20,000 PMN ... neutrophils
a negative gram stain with viral.... bacterial can still have no…
Low <45
high >50
Bacterial meningitis cell level
200-20,000 PMN ... neutrophils
best way to differentiate between bact…
a negative gram stain with viral.... bacterial can still have no…
253 terms
Clin Lab Spring Midterm
What composes Natural Immunity?
Is Natural Immunity specific?
What are the 2 subgroups of Acquired i…
Is Acquired Immunity specific?
CELLS (neutrophils, basophils, macrophages) & SOLUBLE SUBSTAN…
no
Humoral-mediated & Cell-mediated
yes
What composes Natural Immunity?
CELLS (neutrophils, basophils, macrophages) & SOLUBLE SUBSTAN…
Is Natural Immunity specific?
no
29 terms
Clin med spring pictures 1
Bartholin's cyst
Chloasma
Colostrum
Condyloma acuminata
Bartholin's cyst
Chloasma
362 terms
Clin Med Spring E1
Skene's Gland
Bartholin's gland
fornices
squamous, columnar (there is a squamoc…
Aka paraurethral gland. Inferiolateral to opening of urethra,…
On either side of the vaginal opening.
Around the cervix there are ____
Epithelium of the vagina is ____, of the uterus is _____
Skene's Gland
Aka paraurethral gland. Inferiolateral to opening of urethra,…
Bartholin's gland
On either side of the vaginal opening.
77 terms
Clin Med Spring Neuro Diag Studies
CT scan
CT scan
CT
CT
uses traditional xrays ... computer calculates absorption of mu…
images are displayed as slices... images can be reconstructed i…
subsequent scans are considered an additive risk for cranial…
differentiates *soft tissue from fluid (blood or CSF) air and…
CT scan
uses traditional xrays ... computer calculates absorption of mu…
CT scan
images are displayed as slices... images can be reconstructed i…
32 terms
Clin Med - Spring 2015 Final
diverticulitis tx - mild
diverticulitis tx - severe
lab for lactose intolerance
ischemic colitits tx
cipro and flagyl
hospitalize, NPO, IV fluids, IV abx, surgery
H-breath test
supportive... bowel rest and IV fluids
diverticulitis tx - mild
cipro and flagyl
diverticulitis tx - severe
hospitalize, NPO, IV fluids, IV abx, surgery
71 terms
Clin Med Spring Exam 2
abduction
adduction
bursitis
claw toe
movement of the limbs toward the lateral plane or away from t…
movement of the limbs toward the medial plane of the body or…
inflammation of the bursa due to repetitive movement or press…
hyperextension of the metatarsophalangeal joint with flexion…
abduction
movement of the limbs toward the lateral plane or away from t…
adduction
movement of the limbs toward the medial plane of the body or…
11 terms
Clin Med Spring Exam 3: Pictures
Bell palsy
cholesteatoma
auricular sinus
perichondrial hematoma (cauliflower ear)
Bell palsy
cholesteatoma
32 terms
Clin Med Exam 1 Spring - Pictures
Bartholin's Cyst
Chloasma
Colostrum
Condyloma Acuminata
Mask of pregnancy
Bartholin's Cyst
Chloasma
Mask of pregnancy
Clin Med - Medical Imaging
What are the considerations of Medical…
What is a radiologist?
What are the main types of medical ima…
What are some types of interventional…
cost, accessibility, radiation exposure, contraindications
medical doctor that orders and interprets medical images
radiographs, contrast-enhanced radiographs, computed tomograp…
epidural steroid injection, spinal nerve block, radiofrequenc…
What are the considerations of Medical…
cost, accessibility, radiation exposure, contraindications
What is a radiologist?
medical doctor that orders and interprets medical images
Clin med: HTN medications
What is the action of ARBs?
What is an ARB?
What type of drug is Losartan? What is…
What are the 2 major side effects of A…
Vasodilation
Angiotensin II Receptor Blocker
It is an ARB; Angiotensin II receptor blocker. It vasodilates…
Angioedema and Hyperkalemia (DONT give if pt has hyperkalemia…
What is the action of ARBs?
Vasodilation
What is an ARB?
Angiotensin II Receptor Blocker
69 terms
CLIN MED - Medical Issues in the Newborn
Term delivery:
Post term:
Pre-term:
Neonate:
between 37 weeks - 41 weeks 6 days gestation... Early term: 3…
after 42 weeks
before 37 weeks of gestation... Late preterm: between 34 week…
birth to 28 days (newborn)
Term delivery:
between 37 weeks - 41 weeks 6 days gestation... Early term: 3…
Post term:
after 42 weeks
165 terms
Clin Med Spring E2 Lecture
endothelial cells (1 layer thick)
muscle
vasa vasorum
elastic, muscular, 2, 20,100,7
Arterial intimal layer consists of __, in addition to fibroco…
Arterial mediaconstsist of __ and a external elastic lamina.
The arterial adventitia is the outermost layer. It contains t…
Large arteries are more __. Medium are more __. Small arterie…
endothelial cells (1 layer thick)
Arterial intimal layer consists of __, in addition to fibroco…
muscle
Arterial mediaconstsist of __ and a external elastic lamina.
30 terms
ClinMed Medications #2
Acyclovir
Nystatin
Clotrimazole
Triamcinolone acetonide (Orabase)
Herpes Simplex antiviral
Oral Candidiasis
Oral Candidiasis/Otic fungal
Oral topical steroid
Acyclovir
Herpes Simplex antiviral
Nystatin
Oral Candidiasis
50 terms
Medical Terms (clin ex)
Acute
Chronic
Sebaceous
Sudoriferous
Short acting / severe
Long acting
Oily
Sweaty
Acute
Short acting / severe
Chronic
Long acting
27 terms
Clin med Exam 4 Spring Quarter
Second degree Mobitz 2:... Typically due…
Third degree Block: NO AV conduction.…
Amiodarone 150 mg IV bolus... ^ VTach , V…
Regular monitoring of ___(4) when on A…
Constant PR interval w. Intermittent non-conducted atrial bea…
40-60 BPM. Rate <40. Can be from AV node or intranodal area.
Given over 10 min. <- can repeat Q10 min up to 2 gms or start…
...
Second degree Mobitz 2:... Typically due…
Constant PR interval w. Intermittent non-conducted atrial bea…
Third degree Block: NO AV conduction.…
40-60 BPM. Rate <40. Can be from AV node or intranodal area.
46 terms
Clin Med Spring Exam 3: Vocab
affect
afferent pupillary defect (Marcus-Gunn…
agraphia
akathisia
a person's external expression of his/her inner emotional state
continued pupillary dilation instead of constriction in the e…
a loss of ability to express oneself in writing due to a cent…
inability to sit down because the thought of doing so causes…
affect
a person's external expression of his/her inner emotional state
afferent pupillary defect (Marcus-Gunn…
continued pupillary dilation instead of constriction in the e…
128 terms
Clin Med Spring E2 Lab
active (from patient perspective)
5
stretch, passive ROM
0
Which first? Active or passive ROM?
Normally, passive ROM exceeds active by _ degrees
Muscle tone is assessed by feeling resistance to __ while you…
What is the grade on the muscle strength grading scale?... -NO m…
active (from patient perspective)
Which first? Active or passive ROM?
5
Normally, passive ROM exceeds active by _ degrees
108 terms
Western Clin Test 1 Spring 15- Dermatology
Skin Funct
The Skin Layers
Epidermis
Dermis
Homeostasis... - Protect fluids... - Protects invasion to body ... - C…
epidermis,dermis,subcutaneous
• Keratinized horny layer... • Cellular layer with melanin and k…
rich in blood vessels, glands and hair follicles.
Skin Funct
Homeostasis... - Protect fluids... - Protects invasion to body ... - C…
The Skin Layers
epidermis,dermis,subcutaneous
93 terms
Clin Med Medical Terminology
Alexia
agraphia
anosognosia
abulia
inability to read
inability to write
denial of disease
lack of motivation
Alexia
inability to read
agraphia
inability to write
155 terms
Clin Skills Medical Acronyms and Terminology
5ICSMCL
6ICSMCL
umole
A&Ox3
fifth intercostal space midclavicular line
sixth intercostal space midclavicular line
micromole
alert and oriented to person, place, and time
5ICSMCL
fifth intercostal space midclavicular line
6ICSMCL
sixth intercostal space midclavicular line
19 terms
Medical Equipment - Clin. Ass. 2
Nasal Cannula
Endotracheal Intubation
Tracheostomy Tube
Arterial Line (A-Line)
•Purpose: Delivers supplemental O2 mixed with RA, usually 1-6…
• Intubation is the passage of an artificial airway (tube) in…
• Tracheostomy tube is inserted directly into the anterior tr…
• Normal values:... o Systolic: 100-140 mm Hg ... o Diastolic: 60-9…
Nasal Cannula
•Purpose: Delivers supplemental O2 mixed with RA, usually 1-6…
Endotracheal Intubation
• Intubation is the passage of an artificial airway (tube) in…
Clin Behavior Medications
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor…
Serotonin/Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhi…
Tricyclic/Tetracyclic Antidepressants…
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)
Zoloft, Prozac, & Celexa
Cymbalta & Effexor
Elavil & Pamelor
Marplan & Nardil
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor…
Zoloft, Prozac, & Celexa
Serotonin/Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhi…
Cymbalta & Effexor
76 terms
Derm ClinMed Exam II (Spring)
What are some sxs that differentiate d…
2 Common organisms of cellulitis
Tx of Non-purulent cellulitis
Tx of purulent cellulitis
heat, pain, fever, systemic sxs, LAD
group A strep or Staph aureus
Cephalixin - covers for group A strep & staph
Cover for MRSA... -doxy... -clindamycin... -linezolid... -Bactrim... -Vanco
What are some sxs that differentiate d…
heat, pain, fever, systemic sxs, LAD
2 Common organisms of cellulitis
group A strep or Staph aureus
37 terms
CLIN MED - Preoperative Evaluation of Medical Patients
Purpose of a Preoperative Evaluation
4 Key Questions for the consult
The healthy patient
Healthy Patient: Concerns
Evaluate a patient's medical status and make sure it is optim…
What is wrong and how bad is it?... ... Are *medical conditions…
Risk of surgery in an otherwise healthy patient is low... *Hist…
Medications... - ASA, NSAIDS... - herbals, OTC... ETOH - increa…
Purpose of a Preoperative Evaluation
Evaluate a patient's medical status and make sure it is optim…
4 Key Questions for the consult
What is wrong and how bad is it?... ... Are *medical conditions…
103 terms
Clin Med: Medical Complications of Pregnancy
True or false: lateral displacement of…
What cardiovascular changes are consid…
What might account for shortness of br…
What effect does pregnancy have on res…
true
increased HR, increased SV, systolic ejection murmurs
elevated diaphragm
20% increase in oxygen consumption
True or false: lateral displacement of…
true
What cardiovascular changes are consid…
increased HR, increased SV, systolic ejection murmurs
81 terms
Medical Terminology - Spring 2017
ABG
ARDS
ASHD
BA
Arterial Blood Gases (As seen in Respiratory Therapy)
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Arteriosclerotic Heart Disease
Bronchial Asthma
ABG
Arterial Blood Gases (As seen in Respiratory Therapy)
ARDS
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
156 terms
Clin Pharm - Anti Seizure Medications
Pregnancy contra indicated
if sulfa allergy is COX-2 inhibitor an…
buproprion often
SSRI DOC in OCD
phenytoin; D causes cleft palate... carbamazepine; D... valproate;…
no - depends on what reaction is, is it full on
tacked on to or used in place of SSRI's; ... if sexual side effe…
fluvoxamine
Pregnancy contra indicated
phenytoin; D causes cleft palate... carbamazepine; D... valproate;…
if sulfa allergy is COX-2 inhibitor an…
no - depends on what reaction is, is it full on
33 terms
CLIN MED: INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL ONCOLOGY
Francis Peabody, MD 1925
Medical Oncology
Why Choose Oncology?
A Word About End of Life Issues
The Care of the Patient-... Grand Rounds Presentation... ....the s…
Medical Oncologists treat a variety of internal medicine prob…
Life threatening disease process... Potentially life threatening…
"Oncology must be so depressing-why do you do it?" (the inter…
Francis Peabody, MD 1925
The Care of the Patient-... Grand Rounds Presentation... ....the s…
Medical Oncology
Medical Oncologists treat a variety of internal medicine prob…
Medication Doses to know for Clin Med
Chlamydia
Uncomplicated gonococcal infections
Trichomoniasis
Bacterial vaginosis
azithromycin 1 g orally in a single dose ... or... doxycycline 100…
ceftriaxone, 250 mg, IM, 1 dose
Metronidazole 2 g orally in a single dose
Medtronidazole 500 mg bid X 7 days
Chlamydia
azithromycin 1 g orally in a single dose ... or... doxycycline 100…
Uncomplicated gonococcal infections
ceftriaxone, 250 mg, IM, 1 dose
CLIN MED: INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL ONCOLOGY
Francis Peabody, MD 1925
Medical Oncology
Why Choose Oncology?
A Word About End of Life Issues
The Care of the Patient-... Grand Rounds Presentation... ....the s…
Medical Oncologists treat a variety of internal medicine prob…
Life threatening disease process... Potentially life threatening…
"Oncology must be so depressing-why do you do it?" (the inter…
Francis Peabody, MD 1925
The Care of the Patient-... Grand Rounds Presentation... ....the s…
Medical Oncology
Medical Oncologists treat a variety of internal medicine prob…
73 terms
Clin Med: Medical Conditions in Pregnancy
Gestational Diabetes (GDM)
Risk factors for GDM
Maternal complications of GDM
Fetal complications of GDM
-7% pregnancies... -Glucose intolerance recognized during pregna…
-Obesity... -Previous hx GDM... -Strong FHx of diabetes mellitus... -K…
-Incr risk gestational HTN... -Incr risk preeclampsia... -Greater r…
-Macrosomia (fat baby, large abdomen), need for C section... -Ne…
Gestational Diabetes (GDM)
-7% pregnancies... -Glucose intolerance recognized during pregna…
Risk factors for GDM
-Obesity... -Previous hx GDM... -Strong FHx of diabetes mellitus... -K…
Medical Terminology Spring
Candidi
Cheilo
Tricho, trichino and pilo
Salpingo
means glowing white
means lips
mean hair
means tube or canal
Candidi
means glowing white
Cheilo
means lips
Clin Med Exam 1 Medication
Benzodiazepine MOA
Benzodiazepine Indications
BZs use in women
BZs side effects
Attaches to benzo receptor on GABA - chloride ion channel com…
Acute management of GAD... Sleep disorders (flurazepam, temazepa…
Cross placental barrier and excreted in breast milk.
Drowsiness and confusion (most common)... Ataxia... Decreased long…
Benzodiazepine MOA
Attaches to benzo receptor on GABA - chloride ion channel com…
Benzodiazepine Indications
Acute management of GAD... Sleep disorders (flurazepam, temazepa…
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