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Study sets matching "clinical anatomy and physiology questions"

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Study sets matching "clinical anatomy and physiology questions"

73 terms
Clinical Anatomy and Physiology
A Bands
Abduction
Abomasum
Absorptive Cell
Large, dark bands in a skeletal muscle fiver that alternate w…
The joint movement an extremity is moved away from the median…
The "true stomach of the ruminant; secretes acids, mixes and…
A cell commonly found in the small intestine that can absorb…
A Bands
Large, dark bands in a skeletal muscle fiver that alternate w…
Abduction
The joint movement an extremity is moved away from the median…
17 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Clinical Terms
angina pectoris
artificial pacemaker
auscultation
cardiac arrest
acute chest pain caused by decreased blood supply to the hear…
an electronic device that stimulates the initiation of an imp…
a physical assessment procedure using a stethoscope to listen…
cessation of an effective heartbeat; heart may be completely…
angina pectoris
acute chest pain caused by decreased blood supply to the hear…
artificial pacemaker
an electronic device that stimulates the initiation of an imp…
Anatomy and Physiology Clinical Vocab
Anaplasia
Dysplasia
Hypertrophy
Liposomes
Abnormal ties in cell structure and loss of differentitiation.
Change in cell size due to chronic irritation or inflammation
Growth of organ tissue due to increase in cell size
Microscopic sacs formed of phospholipids filled with drugs
Anaplasia
Abnormal ties in cell structure and loss of differentitiation.
Dysplasia
Change in cell size due to chronic irritation or inflammation
17 terms
Clinical Anatomy and physiology
Regional Anatomy
Surface anatomy
Systemic Anatomy
Clinical anatomy
(Topographical anatomy) the organization of the body as major…
Essential to study regional anatomy. Provides knowledge of wh…
Study of the body's organ systems and how they work together…
(Applied anatomy) emphasizes structure and function incorpora…
Regional Anatomy
(Topographical anatomy) the organization of the body as major…
Surface anatomy
Essential to study regional anatomy. Provides knowledge of wh…
6 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Clinical Technology
Radiological Procedures
CAT Scan/CT Scan
Difference between MRI and CAT Scan
Difference between CAT Scan and CT Scan?
Includes not only those scanning techniques that involve radi…
Scanning of the abdomen. Officially called, Computed Axial To…
CAT Scans are for the soft tissue structures, whereas the MRI…
NOTHING
Radiological Procedures
Includes not only those scanning techniques that involve radi…
CAT Scan/CT Scan
Scanning of the abdomen. Officially called, Computed Axial To…
63 terms
clinical anatomy and physiology
1. How does the anatomy of a muscle or…
How might abnormalities in an animal's…
How does each of the anatomic planes o…
. If you are facing a cat head-on, is…
: Anatomy deals with the form and structure of a muscle or bo…
The functions of the parts of an animal's body are extremely…
The sagittal plane divides the body into left and right parts…
: Right side.
1. How does the anatomy of a muscle or…
: Anatomy deals with the form and structure of a muscle or bo…
How might abnormalities in an animal's…
The functions of the parts of an animal's body are extremely…
RABBIT - Clinical Anatomy and Physiology
RABBIT BIOLOGY
HISTORY
RABBIT BREEDS AND VARIETIES
RABBIT ANATOMY Musculoskeletal system
•Burrowing herbivores... •Natural prey for many carnivores... •Evol…
•Domestic rabbit originated from European wild rabbit (Orycto…
•Over 60 breeds and 530 varieties... •All are Oryctolagus cunicu…
•Lightweight - only 7-8% bodyweight •Muscles 50% bodyweight •…
RABBIT BIOLOGY
•Burrowing herbivores... •Natural prey for many carnivores... •Evol…
HISTORY
•Domestic rabbit originated from European wild rabbit (Orycto…
Neuro Physiology and Clinical Anatomy
Frontal lobes controls what behaviours…
Parietal lobe... -Function... -Separated fro…
Occipital lobe ... -Function... -Separated f…
Cingulate/limbic cortex functions
Motor and mental function (controls planning judgement, perso…
Sensory, somatosensory, and auditory functions... -Separated fro…
Visual function... -Separated from parietal lobe by parietal-occ…
Control emotion formation and processing, learning and memory…
Frontal lobes controls what behaviours…
Motor and mental function (controls planning judgement, perso…
Parietal lobe... -Function... -Separated fro…
Sensory, somatosensory, and auditory functions... -Separated fro…
48 terms
anatomy, physiology, and clinical indications
the american society of echocardiograp…
the term "basillar area" refers to the…
the infundibulum is related to the are…
the three primary branches of the aort…
d) it prodcues the most consistent and reproducible measureme…
c) ventricular myocardium at the atrioventricular valves
b) outflow tract
b) right subclavian artery... *innominate is also called the br…
the american society of echocardiograp…
d) it prodcues the most consistent and reproducible measureme…
the term "basillar area" refers to the…
c) ventricular myocardium at the atrioventricular valves
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Clinical Neuroscience
Tensions headaches
migraine headaches
cluster headaches
hydrocephalus
-most common form of headache... -bilateral... -mild to moderate pa…
-unilateral... -moderate to severe pain... -prodrome -> aura -> att…
-unilateral... -severe pain... -occurs in episodes
abnormal accumulation of CSF
Tensions headaches
-most common form of headache... -bilateral... -mild to moderate pa…
migraine headaches
-unilateral... -moderate to severe pain... -prodrome -> aura -> att…
51 terms
Ferret Clinical Anatomy & Physiology
Life span...
Heart rate...
Respiration rate...
Restraint...
5 to 8 yrs old
200-400 bpm
33-46 bpm
Scruffing and supporting the hind limbs
Life span...
5 to 8 yrs old
Heart rate...
200-400 bpm
13 terms
Clinical terms //honors anatomy and physiology
acute
chemotherapy
chronic
epidemiology
a disease of short duration but typically severe
the treatment of disease or mental disorder by the use of che…
illness persisting for along time or constantly recurring. of…
the branch of science that deals with the incidence, distribu…
acute
a disease of short duration but typically severe
chemotherapy
the treatment of disease or mental disorder by the use of che…
30 terms
Clinical Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Microscopic Anatomy
Macroscopic Anatomy (Gross Anatomy)
Deals with form and structure of the body and its parts-what…
Deals with the functions of the body and its parts-how things…
Deals with structures so small we need a microscope to see th…
Deals with body parts large enough to be seen with the unaide…
Anatomy
Deals with form and structure of the body and its parts-what…
Physiology
Deals with the functions of the body and its parts-how things…
324 terms
Anatomy, Physiology, Clinical medicine, CEL
Which two muscles increase tension of…
Myotome responsible for intrinsic hand…
which cranial nerves have exclusively…
association, commissural and projectio…
a) cricothyroid and e)posterior cricoarythenoid
C8
CN II, IV, VII and XII -- remaining CN do not decussate... NB: C…
association: one part of the brain to another within the same…
Which two muscles increase tension of…
a) cricothyroid and e)posterior cricoarythenoid
Myotome responsible for intrinsic hand…
C8
15 terms
Clinical Terms- Intro to Anatomy and Physiology
Acute
Auscultation
Chemotherapy
Chronic
A disease of short duration bur typically severe.
The action of listening to sounds from the heart, lungs, or o…
The treatment of disease or mental disorder by the us of chem…
Illness persisting for a long time or constantly recurring.
Acute
A disease of short duration bur typically severe.
Auscultation
The action of listening to sounds from the heart, lungs, or o…
44 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Clinical Cardiovascular
Systolic Blood Pressure
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Sphygmomanometer
What is blood pressure measured in?
The pressure at the peak of ventricular contraction (1st pulse)
The pressure when the ventricles relax (2nd pulse)
used to take blood pressure
mmHg (milliliters of mercury)
Systolic Blood Pressure
The pressure at the peak of ventricular contraction (1st pulse)
Diastolic Blood Pressure
The pressure when the ventricles relax (2nd pulse)
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology | Clinical Connection Skeleton
black eye
deviated nasal septum
cleft palate
cleft lip
bruising around the eye due to a face injury, blood and fluid…
does not run along the midline of the nasal cavity but bends…
failure of the palatine process of the maxillary bones to clo…
a split in the upper lift, speech and swallowing may be affec…
black eye
bruising around the eye due to a face injury, blood and fluid…
deviated nasal septum
does not run along the midline of the nasal cavity but bends…
56 terms
Clinical Audiology: Anatomy and Physiology of Hearing
sound pressure level (SPL)
hearing level (HL)
3 main function of outer ear
3 main components of outer ear (anatomy)
magnitude of sound energy relative to a reference pressure .0…
refers to the dB level of a sound referenced to audiometric z…
collect and resonate sound, assist in sound localization, and…
pinna (auricle), external auditory meatus ("ear canal"), and…
sound pressure level (SPL)
magnitude of sound energy relative to a reference pressure .0…
hearing level (HL)
refers to the dB level of a sound referenced to audiometric z…
36 terms
Clinical chemistry basic anatomy and physiology
Kidney
Glomerular function
Glomerular filtration rate
Clearance
Macroscopic: cortex, medulla, pelvis... Microscopic: glomerulus,…
Strain protein,... Produce protein free filtrate (urine)
125 - 130 ml urine
ml plasma, kidney can remove all of a given substance in 1 mi…
Kidney
Macroscopic: cortex, medulla, pelvis... Microscopic: glomerulus,…
Glomerular function
Strain protein,... Produce protein free filtrate (urine)
Clinical Anatomy/Physiology: Urinary and Cardiovascular
name the organs of excretion
name the organs of the urinary system
name the three distinct regions of the…
where is blood supply for kidneys:
-liver... -kidneys ... -skin... -intestines
-kidneys (2) ... -uterers (2) ... -urinary bladder ... -urethra
-the renal cortex (outer region) ... -the renal medulla (deep wi…
renal artery (arises from the abdominal aorta) ... renal vein (b…
name the organs of excretion
-liver... -kidneys ... -skin... -intestines
name the organs of the urinary system
-kidneys (2) ... -uterers (2) ... -urinary bladder ... -urethra
61 terms
Clinical Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 1: Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Microscopic anatomy
Macroscopic anatomy
deals with the form and structure of the body and its parts -…
deals with the functions of the body and its parts - how thin…
deals with structures that require a microscope to be seen, s…
deals with parts of the body large enough to be seen unaided…
Anatomy
deals with the form and structure of the body and its parts -…
Physiology
deals with the functions of the body and its parts - how thin…
67 terms
Clinical Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 4: The Cardiovascular System
Heart
Mediastinum
Pericardium
Fibrous Pericardium
A pump made of muscle. In dogs and cats lies at a level betwe…
The space between the two pleural cavities that contain the l…
Outer layer of the heart. Consists of two layers: the fibrous…
The outer layer of the pericardium made up of tough, fibrous…
Heart
A pump made of muscle. In dogs and cats lies at a level betwe…
Mediastinum
The space between the two pleural cavities that contain the l…
44 terms
Clinical Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 16: The Urinary System
The Urinary System
Kidneys
Diuresis
Oliguria
Consists of two kidneys that make urine and carry out other v…
Two organs that maintain homeostasis by blood filtration, rea…
Producing and passing large amounts of urine.
Passing small amounts of urine.
The Urinary System
Consists of two kidneys that make urine and carry out other v…
Kidneys
Two organs that maintain homeostasis by blood filtration, rea…
105 terms
Clinical Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 13: The Nervous System
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerve
A complex communication and control system that monitors an a…
CNS - The brain and the spinal cord.
PNS - nerves out side of the central nervous system (i.e., ou…
A bundle of myelinated nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous…
Nervous System
A complex communication and control system that monitors an a…
Central Nervous System
CNS - The brain and the spinal cord.
59 terms
Clinical Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 10: The Respiratory System
Respiratory system
External respiration
Internal respiration
Pulmonary
The group of organs that function to fortify blood with oxyge…
The process of respiration that occurs in the lungs. Oxygen a…
The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the blood i…
Anadjective referring to the lungs
Respiratory system
The group of organs that function to fortify blood with oxyge…
External respiration
The process of respiration that occurs in the lungs. Oxygen a…
77 terms
Clinical Anatomy and Physiology Vet Tech Ch. 1
Medial Plane
Sagittal Plane
Transverse Plane
Cranial
Divides the body into equal left and right halves
Divides the body into left and right parts that are not neces…
Divides the body into caudal and cranial parts
Towards the head; also the "front" surface of a limb proximal…
Medial Plane
Divides the body into equal left and right halves
Sagittal Plane
Divides the body into left and right parts that are not neces…
13 terms
Clinical Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 14: Sense Organs
Sensory receptors
Pain
Nociceptors
Nociception
A modified nerve ending that converts mechanical, thermal, ch…
An unpleasant sensory response caused by the stimulation of p…
Pain receptors. The most common and widely distributed sensor…
Pain perception, or the process of experiencing pain. The fou…
Sensory receptors
A modified nerve ending that converts mechanical, thermal, ch…
Pain
An unpleasant sensory response caused by the stimulation of p…
48 terms
Clinical Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 15: The Endocrine System
Homeostasis
Hormones
Endocrine gland cells
Neurotransmitters
A state of chemical equilibrium maintained in the body by fee…
Chemical messengers of the body that are produced and excrete…
Modified neurons that produce hormones.
The chemical released by the presynaptic neuron that diffuses…
Homeostasis
A state of chemical equilibrium maintained in the body by fee…
Hormones
Chemical messengers of the body that are produced and excrete…
50 terms
Clinical Anatomy and Physiology- Chapters 2 &3
Animal pH
pH
Buffer
Weak Acids and Bases
The blood and tissues must maintain a pH around 7.4 (slightly…
Potenz Hydrogen (power of hydrogen).... Less than 7 is acidic, 7…
Solution where chemical reactions take place. Help cells main…
Do not completely ionize in water and they act to buffer the…
Animal pH
The blood and tissues must maintain a pH around 7.4 (slightly…
pH
Potenz Hydrogen (power of hydrogen).... Less than 7 is acidic, 7…
17 terms
Clinical Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 11: The Digestive System
Hepatic
Hepatic lobes
Hepatic lobules
Hepatic portal system
Referring to deliver.
The large divisions of the liver seen grossly during surgery…
The microscopic divisions of the liver.
The blood vessels that carry blood from the capillaries of th…
Hepatic
Referring to deliver.
Hepatic lobes
The large divisions of the liver seen grossly during surgery…
22 terms
Digestive System: Clinical Terms - Anatomy and Physiology II
borborygmus
cathartics
cholelithiasis
colitis
A rumbling or gurgling sound made by the movement of fluids a…
Drugs that promote defecation.
The presence of gallstones in the gallbladder. cholera: A bac…
A general term for a condition characterized by inflammation…
borborygmus
A rumbling or gurgling sound made by the movement of fluids a…
cathartics
Drugs that promote defecation.
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Digestive System Clinical Terms
ailment-
chym-
decidu-
gastr-
food
juice
falling off
stomach
ailment-
food
chym-
juice
55 terms
Clinical Anatomy and Physiology Vet Tech Ch. 1
Medial Plane
Sagittal Plane
Transverse Plane
Cranial
Divides the body into equal left and right halves
Divides the body into left and right parts that are not neces…
Divides the body into dorsal and ventral parts
Towards the head; also the "front" surface of a limb proximal…
Medial Plane
Divides the body into equal left and right halves
Sagittal Plane
Divides the body into left and right parts that are not neces…
9 terms
Unit 1 Clinical Terminology Anatomy and Physiology
Acute
Chronic
Epidemiology
Idiopathic
Sudden in onset, severe in intensity, and brief in duration
Habitual or long-term
Branch of medicine dealing with the incidence and prevalence…
Of unknown cause
Acute
Sudden in onset, severe in intensity, and brief in duration
Chronic
Habitual or long-term
9 terms
Unit 1 Clinical Terminology Anatomy and Physiology
Acute
Chronic
Epidemiology
Idiopathic
Sudden in onset, severe in intensity, and brief in duration
Habitual or long-term
Branch of medicine dealing with the incidence and prevalence…
Of unknown cause
Acute
Sudden in onset, severe in intensity, and brief in duration
Chronic
Habitual or long-term
9 terms
Unit 1 Clinical Terminology Anatomy and Physiology
Acute
Chronic
Epidemiology
Idiopathic
Sudden in onset, severe in intensity, and brief in duration
Habitual or long-term
Branch of medicine dealing with the incidence and prevalence…
Of unknown cause
Acute
Sudden in onset, severe in intensity, and brief in duration
Chronic
Habitual or long-term
19 terms
Clinical terms for Human Anatomy and Physiology II
Hirsutism
Hypophysectomy
Prolactinoma
Psychosocial dwarfism
Excessive hair growth; usually refers to this phenomenon in w…
Surgical removal of the pituitary gland
the most common type(30-40% or more) of pituitary gland tumor
Dwarfism (and failure to thrive) resulting from stress and em…
Hirsutism
Excessive hair growth; usually refers to this phenomenon in w…
Hypophysectomy
Surgical removal of the pituitary gland
40 terms
Ch1 Quiz Clinical Anatomy and Physiology
The word that means towards the nose
Where is the plantar surface
what does the dorsal body cavity consi…
the entire body is made up of how many…
Rostral
located distal to the tarsus on the back of the hind limb
the cranial and spinal cavities
4
The word that means towards the nose
Rostral
Where is the plantar surface
located distal to the tarsus on the back of the hind limb
133 terms
Clinical Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 3,4,5
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
Organelles
Nucleus
Have a True nucleus containing chromosomes and nuclear envelo…
Unicellular organisms have no true nucleus, nuclear envelope…
Carries out metabolic functions like our own body
Site of transcription, transfer of genetic code from DNA to m…
Eukaryotes
Have a True nucleus containing chromosomes and nuclear envelo…
Prokaryotes
Unicellular organisms have no true nucleus, nuclear envelope…
52 terms
Ocular anatomy: Corneal Physiology and Clinical Applications
Permeability of Corneal Layers
Which corneal layers are lipophilic vs…
• The ___ is the primary contributor o…
- Glucose concentration is low in__... -…
• Epithelium:- Zonula occludens junctions (tight junctions) f…
Epithelium lipophilic... Stroma hydrophilic... Endothelium lipophilic
aqueous humor
tears... aqueous humor
Permeability of Corneal Layers
• Epithelium:- Zonula occludens junctions (tight junctions) f…
Which corneal layers are lipophilic vs…
Epithelium lipophilic... Stroma hydrophilic... Endothelium lipophilic
Pre Clinical: Anatomy and Physiology (Day 3)
Nerochemical Control of Ventilation
Two types of chemo-receptors
Central chemo-receptors
Peripheral chemo-receptors
Spontaneous breathing is usually an AUTOMATIC event. Breathin…
Central chemo-receptors and peripheral chemo-receptors
MOST IMPORTANT; located on hydrogen ion concentrations (or pH…
located at the bifurcation of the CAROTID and in the AORTA. t…
Nerochemical Control of Ventilation
Spontaneous breathing is usually an AUTOMATIC event. Breathin…
Two types of chemo-receptors
Central chemo-receptors and peripheral chemo-receptors
17 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Clinical Terms p. 601
anastomosis
angiospasm
arteriography
asystole
Connection between two blood vessels, sometimes produced surg…
Muscular spasm in the wall of a blood vessel.
Injection of radiopaque solution into the vascular system for…
Condition in which the myocardium fails to contract.
anastomosis
Connection between two blood vessels, sometimes produced surg…
angiospasm
Muscular spasm in the wall of a blood vessel.
15 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Ch. 12 Clinical Terms
Anisocytosis
Antihemophilic Plasma
Citrated Whole Blood
Dried Plasma
Abnormal variation in the size of erythrocytes
Normal blood plasma that has been processed to preserve an an…
Normal blood to which a solution of acid citrate has been add…
Normal blood plasma that has been vacuum-dried to prevent the…
Anisocytosis
Abnormal variation in the size of erythrocytes
Antihemophilic Plasma
Normal blood plasma that has been processed to preserve an an…
19 terms
vascular access clinical theory: anatomy & physiology
circulatory system anatomy & physiology
hemodynamics
physiologic hemodynamic monitoring
growth & development considerations: 0…
physiology includes closed system of vessels, heart, arteries…
hemodynamics include cardiac output, circulating fluid volume…
performed to assess individual patient's level of illness/wel…
level: trust vs mistrust... behavior: attachment... emotional suppo…
circulatory system anatomy & physiology
physiology includes closed system of vessels, heart, arteries…
hemodynamics
hemodynamics include cardiac output, circulating fluid volume…
130 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Exam 3- Clinical Cases
neck
hip fracture
bursa over greater trochanter
great saphenous vein
Most common site of femur fractures
Fracture of the neck or trochanter region of femur
gets inflamed between greater trochanter and muscles
common choice of surgeons when performing vascular graft surg…
neck
Most common site of femur fractures
hip fracture
Fracture of the neck or trochanter region of femur
170 terms
Clinical Terms for Anatomy and Physiology I for final
Radiation Sickness
Acidosis
ketosis
Alkalosis
Disease resulting from exposure to radioactivity
Low pH of the blood
form of acidosis from too many ketones, occurs with starvatio…
High pH of the blood
Radiation Sickness
Disease resulting from exposure to radioactivity
Acidosis
Low pH of the blood
18 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Clinical Terms p.327
contracture
convulsion
Electromyography
Fibrillation
Condition in which there is great resistance to the stretchin…
Series of involuntary contractions of various voluntary muscles
Technique for recording the electrical changes that occur in…
Spontaneous contractions of individual muscle fibers, produci…
contracture
Condition in which there is great resistance to the stretchin…
convulsion
Series of involuntary contractions of various voluntary muscles
Pre Clinical: Anatomy and Physiology/ Respiratory (day 2)
The lung interstitium
A-a Gradient consist of...
Oxygen is carried in the blood,,,
Mucus blanket (mucociliary ladder)
the space bw the ALVEOLUS and the CAPILLARY. this space conta…
Gases must pass thru the A-a gradient in order to bind to hem…
disolved in the plasma and bound to hemoglobin. at the tissue…
most active defense mechanism of the lungs. SUB MUCOSAL GLAND…
The lung interstitium
the space bw the ALVEOLUS and the CAPILLARY. this space conta…
A-a Gradient consist of...
Gases must pass thru the A-a gradient in order to bind to hem…
Pre Clinical: Anatomy and Physiology/ Respiratory (day 1)
Respiration
Basic Functions of Respiration
3 basic processes of respiration
The 6 components of respiration (inter…
is the exchange of O2 and CO2 bw the atmosphere and living ce…
To supply the body with O2 and remove excess CO2
1. VENTILATION- breathing - the movement of air in and our of…
1. pulmonary (lung ventilation), 2. pulmonary circulation, 3.…
Respiration
is the exchange of O2 and CO2 bw the atmosphere and living ce…
Basic Functions of Respiration
To supply the body with O2 and remove excess CO2
15 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Clinical Terms p. 274
ankylosis
arthralgia
arthrocentesis
arthrodesis
Abnormal stiffness of a joint or fusion of bones at a joint,…
Pain in a joint.
Puncture of and removal of fluid from a joint cavity.
Surgery to fuse the bones at a joint.
ankylosis
Abnormal stiffness of a joint or fusion of bones at a joint,…
arthralgia
Pain in a joint.
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