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Study sets matching "clinical hematology"

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Study sets matching "clinical hematology"

31 terms
Clinical Hematology
Hematology
Re check or Re do
Erythrocytes
Hemoglobin HB or HGB
Study of blood and its components. Morphology function and di…
Very important to be accurate when performing test these will…
Red blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs to the cells and…
Major portion of red blood cells and transport oxygen to carb…
Hematology
Study of blood and its components. Morphology function and di…
Re check or Re do
Very important to be accurate when performing test these will…
43 terms
Hematology Clinical
normal urine is _____
uroerythrin makes urine a _____ color,…
bile makes urine a ______ color and wi…
porphyrins cause urine to have a _____…
yellow (from urochrome)
reddish
dark amber greenish... yellow
port wine
normal urine is _____
yellow (from urochrome)
uroerythrin makes urine a _____ color,…
reddish
8 terms
Clinical hematology
Typical characteristics of acute lueke…
Common characteristic of ALL
A definition of leukemia
Acute leukemia can be described as being
Replacement of normal marrow elements by leukocytic blasts an…
Bone and joint pain
An overproduction of Leukocytes... Malignant cells trespass the…
Of short duration with many immature leukocyte forms in the p…
Typical characteristics of acute lueke…
Replacement of normal marrow elements by leukocytic blasts an…
Common characteristic of ALL
Bone and joint pain
44 terms
Clinical Hematology
EDTA
Heparin
Sodium Citrate
WBC count
Which anticoagulant is good for CBC?
Which anticoagulant is naturally occurring and is considered…
Which anticoagulant is used in coagulation studies because it…
Which part of a CBC would indicate a shift to the left?
EDTA
Which anticoagulant is good for CBC?
Heparin
Which anticoagulant is naturally occurring and is considered…
52 terms
Clinical Hematology
What is the characteristic morphology…
What is the characteristic morphology…
What tests are done to screen for here…
What tests are used to monitor RBC pro…
pappenheimer bodies, ringed sideroblasts, basophilic stippling
Hemoglobin C crystals, target cells, spherocytes, polychromia…
Osmotic fragility test
CBC, Retic, Diff
What is the characteristic morphology…
pappenheimer bodies, ringed sideroblasts, basophilic stippling
What is the characteristic morphology…
Hemoglobin C crystals, target cells, spherocytes, polychromia…
clinical hematology
What is measured in a CBC?
What would cause a decreased RBC count…
What would cause a increased RBC count…
-Average volume of erythrocyte... -Indica…
-Red blood cell count (RBC)... -Hemoglobin (Hb)... -Hematocrit (Hct…
*Anemia, Hemoglobinopathy, Hemorrhage/Hemolysis, Leukemia/Lym…
Chronic hypoxia (i.e. congenital heart disease, severe COPD),…
Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)
What is measured in a CBC?
-Red blood cell count (RBC)... -Hemoglobin (Hb)... -Hematocrit (Hct…
What would cause a decreased RBC count…
*Anemia, Hemoglobinopathy, Hemorrhage/Hemolysis, Leukemia/Lym…
18 terms
Clinical Hematology
Total volume of blood in average adult
Proportion of cells and plasma in blood
Hematopoiesis
Earliest stage of blood cell
6L or 7-8% of body weight
- 45% blood cells... - 55% plasma
Blood cell production. Occurs in the red bone marrow
Stem cell
Total volume of blood in average adult
6L or 7-8% of body weight
Proportion of cells and plasma in blood
- 45% blood cells... - 55% plasma
43 terms
Hematology Clinical
normal urine is _____
uroerythrin makes urine a _____ color,…
bile makes urine a ______ color and wi…
porphyrins cause urine to have a _____…
yellow (from urochrome)
reddish
dark amber greenish... yellow
port wine
normal urine is _____
yellow (from urochrome)
uroerythrin makes urine a _____ color,…
reddish
22 terms
Hematology -clinical
Hematology
CBC
Hematopoesis
12-16 g/dL
Study of blood tissues
Hemoglobin, hematocrit, & red blood cell count
Formation & development of blood cells
Normal hemoglobin for an adult female
Hematology
Study of blood tissues
CBC
Hemoglobin, hematocrit, & red blood cell count
Hematology Clinical
This agency sets laboratory standards
What is a PKU test?
Why is the Epstein Barr Virus test per…
This test is included in a lipid test.
CLIA
A test performed on newborns
To diagnose mono
HDL
This agency sets laboratory standards
CLIA
What is a PKU test?
A test performed on newborns
14 terms
Clinical Hematology
A microhematocrit uses blood from what…
What is the function of hemoglobin?
What is the most common type of anemia…
What is the hematocrit measuring ?
Capillaries
To check for iron.
Iron deficiency Anemia
Percentage of packed RBC's
A microhematocrit uses blood from what…
Capillaries
What is the function of hemoglobin?
To check for iron.
14 terms
Clinical Hematology
A microhematocrit uses blood from what…
What is the function of hemoglobin?
What is the most common type of anemia…
What is the hematocrit measuring ?
Capillaries
To check for iron.
Iron deficiency Anemia
Percentage of packed RBC's
A microhematocrit uses blood from what…
Capillaries
What is the function of hemoglobin?
To check for iron.
22 terms
Hematology-clinical
A microhematocrit uses blood from what…
What is the function of hemoglobin?
What is the most common type if anemia…
What is the hematocrit measuring?
Capillaries
Transports oxygen and iron
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Percentage of packed RBCs
A microhematocrit uses blood from what…
Capillaries
What is the function of hemoglobin?
Transports oxygen and iron
40 terms
Clinical Hematology Chapter 15
Leukocytosis
The causes of leukocytosis
Neutrophilia
Eosinophilia
an increase in the concentration or percentage of any of the…
increased movement of immature cells out of the bone marrow p…
an increase in number of neutrophils caused by... inflammatory c…
significantly increased numbers of eosinophils from... allergic…
Leukocytosis
an increase in the concentration or percentage of any of the…
The causes of leukocytosis
increased movement of immature cells out of the bone marrow p…
1,167 terms
Clinical Hematology Laboratory
hematology
hemostasis
plasma
water
"The study of the cellular components of blood"
"The mechanisms the body employs to ensure balance and order…
The liquid portion of the blood, ______, makes up about 55% o…
Plasma is primarily _______, with small amounts of solutes su…
hematology
"The study of the cellular components of blood"
hemostasis
"The mechanisms the body employs to ensure balance and order…
29 terms
Clinical Hematology Chapter 16
What percent of total body lymphocyte…
60-80% of blood lymphocyte pool in adu…
20% of blood lymphocyte pool in adults…
In adults lymphocytes represent
5%
T lymphocytes
B lymphocytes
34% of total circulation of leukocytes ( 2.5x10^9/L )
What percent of total body lymphocyte…
5%
60-80% of blood lymphocyte pool in adu…
T lymphocytes
94 terms
Clinical Hematology - Hemoglobinopathies
In hemoglobinopathies, the heme is ___…
The globin chains in hemoglobinopathie…
Hemoglobinopathies are genetic abnorma…
True/False - Hemoglobinopathies are de…
normal
abnormal
structure or synthesis
True
In hemoglobinopathies, the heme is ___…
normal
The globin chains in hemoglobinopathie…
abnormal
33 terms
Clinical Hematology Final: Morphology
Neutrophilic Myelocyte
Neutrophilic metamyelocyte
Neutrophilic band
Segmented Neutrophil
Neutrophilic Myelocyte
Neutrophilic metamyelocyte
125 terms
Clinical Laboratory Science: Hematology
Erythrocyte Maturation Sequence
Erythrocyte Maturation Sequence:... Prono…
Erythrocyte Maturation Sequence:... Basop…
Erythrocyte Maturation Sequence:... Polyc…
1. Pronormoblast (Rubriblast)... 2. Basophilic Normoblast... 3. Pol…
* 14-24microns... Nucleus:... * fine chromatin... * 1 or more nucleoli…
* 10-17microns... Nucleus:... * moderately coarse chromatin... * possi…
* 10-15microns... Nucleus:... * round... * coarse chromatin... * absence…
Erythrocyte Maturation Sequence
1. Pronormoblast (Rubriblast)... 2. Basophilic Normoblast... 3. Pol…
Erythrocyte Maturation Sequence:... Prono…
* 14-24microns... Nucleus:... * fine chromatin... * 1 or more nucleoli…
50 terms
Clinical Lab #3 Hematology
CBC
WBC function
WBC normal value
what does increased WBC cause?
complete blood count- series of tests to evaluate blood compo…
protect body against infection
4.4- 11.3 x10^3 cells/mm3
leukocytosis
CBC
complete blood count- series of tests to evaluate blood compo…
WBC function
protect body against infection
26 terms
Hematology (Clinical Laboratory Science)
Define: Hemoglobinopathies & list 4 cl…
Define: Oxyhemoglobin & Reduced Hgb
Define: Hgb C
Define: Hgb S
Disorders in which the presence of structurally abnormal hgbs…
Oxyhgb: Hgb molecule fully saturated with 02 (4 O2 molecules…
Hgb C: subsitution of amino acids LYSINE for Glutamic acid on…
Hgb S: MOST COMMON hgb abnormality. Predominately seen in bla…
Define: Hemoglobinopathies & list 4 cl…
Disorders in which the presence of structurally abnormal hgbs…
Define: Oxyhemoglobin & Reduced Hgb
Oxyhgb: Hgb molecule fully saturated with 02 (4 O2 molecules…
23 terms
Clinical Hematology Cognitive Objectives
Discuss the requirements for an accept…
Discuss e principles of all the proced…
Discuss what is seen on the scatter gr…
Discuss the functions of red cells, wh…
...
...
...
...
Discuss the requirements for an accept…
...
Discuss e principles of all the proced…
...
33 terms
Hematology and Clinical Chemistry - Avian Hematology
How much blood is safe to remove? (Tot…
Which venous sites?
What is the last resort for blood draw?
What is important about blood sample h…
- The average blood volume of most birds is approximately 10%…
- Right jugular vein is best... - Metatarsal vein... - Wing- basili…
Toenail clip last resort
- Gentle suction... - Remove needle before transferring to vacut…
How much blood is safe to remove? (Tot…
- The average blood volume of most birds is approximately 10%…
Which venous sites?
- Right jugular vein is best... - Metatarsal vein... - Wing- basili…
29 terms
Clinical Hematology Chapter 16
What percent of total body lymphocyte…
60-80% of blood lymphocyte pool in adu…
20% of blood lymphocyte pool in adults…
In adults lymphocytes represent
5%
T lymphocytes
B lymphocytes
34% of total circulation of leukocytes ( 2.5x10^9/L )
What percent of total body lymphocyte…
5%
60-80% of blood lymphocyte pool in adu…
T lymphocytes
1,167 terms
Clinical Hematology Laboratory
hematology
hemostasis
plasma
water
"The study of the cellular components of blood"
"The mechanisms the body employs to ensure balance and order…
The liquid portion of the blood, ______, makes up about 55% o…
Plasma is primarily _______, with small amounts of solutes su…
hematology
"The study of the cellular components of blood"
hemostasis
"The mechanisms the body employs to ensure balance and order…
154 terms
Clinical Hematology Midterm 2
What is the composition of the RBC mem…
What are glycophorins?
What is spectrin?
Abnormalities in spectrin lead to what…
52% protein, 40% lipid, 8% carb
Integral (membrane-crossing) glycoproteins found in the RBC m…
A peripheral protein responsible for most of a RBCs cytoskele…
Morphological
What is the composition of the RBC mem…
52% protein, 40% lipid, 8% carb
What are glycophorins?
Integral (membrane-crossing) glycoproteins found in the RBC m…
Clinical lab 1 Hematology
Hematology
Kidney filters
the toxins are removed by
normal ph
Study of blood
all blood in body 36 times in a day
urine and sweat
6.8-7.4
Hematology
Study of blood
Kidney filters
all blood in body 36 times in a day
40 terms
Clinical Hematology Practical
Hematocrit normal values in males
Hematocrit normal values in females
Hematocrit normal values in newborns
Hemoglobin normal values in males
42-52%
37-47%
42-60%
14-18 g/dL
Hematocrit normal values in males
42-52%
Hematocrit normal values in females
37-47%
91 terms
Clinical Chem - Hematology
Complete blood count
WBC differential
MCV - mean cell volume
MCH - mean cell hemoglobin
Tests WBC , RBC, WBC diff, hematocrit, hemoglobin, MCV, MCH,…
Everyone never let monkeys eat bananas... Ereethryocytes... neutro…
average volume of an RBC
average amount of hemoglobin in an average red cell
Complete blood count
Tests WBC , RBC, WBC diff, hematocrit, hemoglobin, MCV, MCH,…
WBC differential
Everyone never let monkeys eat bananas... Ereethryocytes... neutro…
39 terms
Clinical Medicine-Hematology
Serum
Peripheral Blood Smear
Hematopoiesis
Sites of Blood Formation
Serum is blood plasma minus all the clotting factors.
RBCs-most abundant, 120 days, gas exchange. Platelets; smalle…
Development of blood cells... All circulating blood cells are de…
In the young fetus, blood develops in the yolk sac. Around th…
Serum
Serum is blood plasma minus all the clotting factors.
Peripheral Blood Smear
RBCs-most abundant, 120 days, gas exchange. Platelets; smalle…
68 terms
Anemia Hematology (clinical medicine)
WHO anemia definitions
Erythropoietin is created where
3 needed substrates for RBC production
RBC lifespan
female <36%... male <41%... RBC <4,000,000
kidney... O2 is the main stimulus
Iron... folate... B12
120 days (4mo)
WHO anemia definitions
female <36%... male <41%... RBC <4,000,000
Erythropoietin is created where
kidney... O2 is the main stimulus
21 terms
Clinical Hematology Normal Values
hemoglobin
hemoglobin female
hemoglobin male
hemoglobin newborn
transports oxygen, red in color
12-16 g/dl
14-18 g/dl
17-20 g/dl
hemoglobin
transports oxygen, red in color
hemoglobin female
12-16 g/dl
17 terms
Clinical Hematology Polycythemia
Polycythemia:
3 Major Classes of Polycythemia:
Relative Erythrocytosis:
Relative Erythrocytosis due to dehydra…
Increase in the concentration of RBCs in the blood above norm…
Relative erythrocytosis... Absolute... Secondary erythrocytosis
Increase in RBC due to decreased plasma volume. Total RBC mas…
Severe diarrhea, vomiting, shock, hypertension, severe burns,…
Polycythemia:
Increase in the concentration of RBCs in the blood above norm…
3 Major Classes of Polycythemia:
Relative erythrocytosis... Absolute... Secondary erythrocytosis
110 terms
Hematology Clinical Rotation Flashcards
Which of the following does a supravit…
Stain that colors living tissues or ce…
LAP is used to differentiate _______ f…
Myeloperoxidase is present in _______…
a
c
CML Leukemoid Reactions
primary
Which of the following does a supravit…
a
Stain that colors living tissues or ce…
c
29 terms
Thrombocytopenia Hematology (clinical medicine)
where are platelets stored and destroyed
30,000-50,000 platelets
10,000-30,000 platelets
<5,000 platelets
in the spleen
purpura
bleeding w/ minimal trauma (teeth brushing)
spontaneous bleeding (ICB)
where are platelets stored and destroyed
in the spleen
30,000-50,000 platelets
purpura
18 terms
Clinical Hematology Thalassemia
Hemoglobinopathy:
Thalassemia:
Two major types of Thalassemia:
Alpha-thalassemia:
The result of an inherited structural defect in one of the gl…
Caused by an abnormality in the rate of synthesis of the glob…
Alpha-thalassemia... Beta-thalassemia
the excess gamma and beta chains can form stable tetramers su…
Hemoglobinopathy:
The result of an inherited structural defect in one of the gl…
Thalassemia:
Caused by an abnormality in the rate of synthesis of the glob…
24 terms
Coagulation Hematology (clinical medicine)
Von Willebrand Disease Presentation
Hemophilia A or B Presentation
Factor XI deficiency Presentation
Coumadin excess or Vit K deficiency
+ famHx... Menorrhagia (metromenorrhagia), Post-Op bleeding, Hem…
+ famHx... Hemarthrosis... Epistaxis... Increased aPTT
older, jewish... Post Op bleeding... increased aPTT
Rx for coumadin... newborn... antibiotic Tx... GI or mucosal bleeding…
Von Willebrand Disease Presentation
+ famHx... Menorrhagia (metromenorrhagia), Post-Op bleeding, Hem…
Hemophilia A or B Presentation
+ famHx... Hemarthrosis... Epistaxis... Increased aPTT
50 terms
Clinical Lab #3 Hematology
CBC
WBC function
WBC normal value
what does increased WBC cause?
complete blood count- series of tests to evaluate blood compo…
protect body against infection
4.4- 11.3 x10^3 cells/mm3
leukocytosis
CBC
complete blood count- series of tests to evaluate blood compo…
WBC function
protect body against infection
64 terms
Clinical Hematology. CH 4. Hematopoiesis
hematopoiesis
hematopoietic system
HSCs
3 types of human stem cells
The process of blood cell: ... -cell production... -differentiation…
consists of:... -bone marrow... -liver... -spleen... -lymph nodes... -thymus
Hematopoietic stem cells... the foundation of the adult hemat…
-totipotenial stem cells... -pluripotential stem cells... -multip…
hematopoiesis
The process of blood cell: ... -cell production... -differentiation…
hematopoietic system
consists of:... -bone marrow... -liver... -spleen... -lymph nodes... -thymus
156 terms
Clinical Pathology Lecture Hematology
clinical pathology
Veterinarian
Vet tech
Reliable Diagnostic Information
use of lab tests to evaluate health of a patient
interpret lab tests
generate RELIABLE lab results in a TIMELY manner... Must underst…
Accurate Diagnosis... Accurate Prognosis... Development of a treatm…
clinical pathology
use of lab tests to evaluate health of a patient
Veterinarian
interpret lab tests
23 terms
Clinical Pathology Hematology LECTURE
Hematology
What 6 things needed to identify a blo…
CBC
WBC and Differential
Study of blood and blood forming tissues
1. Animals name,owners name ... 2. Species and breed of animal... 3…
complete blood count
comments or morphology
Hematology
Study of blood and blood forming tissues
What 6 things needed to identify a blo…
1. Animals name,owners name ... 2. Species and breed of animal... 3…
23 terms
Clinical Pathology Hematology LECTURE
Hematology
What 6 things needed to identify a blo…
CBC
WBC and Differential
Study of blood and blood forming tissues
1. Animals name,owners name ... 2. Species and breed of animal... 3…
complete blood count
comments or morphology
Hematology
Study of blood and blood forming tissues
What 6 things needed to identify a blo…
1. Animals name,owners name ... 2. Species and breed of animal... 3…
61 terms
Clinical Lab 1: Hematology
The function of circulatory system?
production of all blood cells
3 functions of blood
What does blood transport?
Transports, controls water & pH, maintains body temp, and reg…
Hematopeisis
transportation, regulation, defense
oxygen, nutrients, and other essential components
The function of circulatory system?
Transports, controls water & pH, maintains body temp, and reg…
production of all blood cells
Hematopeisis
73 terms
Clinical diagnostics- hematology
what are the three cellular components…
what cells comprise the buffy coat lay…
a decrease in the number of RBCs or ab…
Is neutropenia diagnosed based on the…
RBC... WBC... platelets
WBCs and platelets
anemia
absolute count ... <1500 mL
what are the three cellular components…
RBC... WBC... platelets
what cells comprise the buffy coat lay…
WBCs and platelets
13 terms
Clinical Hematology formulas
MCV
MCH
MCHC
Corrected reticulocyte count
PCV / RBC count
hemoglobin / RBC count
hemoglobin / PCV
retic count x PCV / normal PCV = %
MCV
PCV / RBC count
MCH
hemoglobin / RBC count
82 terms
Hematology and Clinical Chemistry - Hemostasis
What is hemostasis?
What are the steps for hemostasis ?
What is the blood vessels response to…
Normally Platelets are exposed only to…
Maintaining blood in its fluid state while stopping bleeding…
- Primary hemostasis-- platelet plug... - Secondary hemostasis-…
- There is contraction and narrowing of the lumen of the vess…
Normally Platelets are exposed only to the linings of the blo…
What is hemostasis?
Maintaining blood in its fluid state while stopping bleeding…
What are the steps for hemostasis ?
- Primary hemostasis-- platelet plug... - Secondary hemostasis-…
305 terms
Clinical II FINAL (hematology)
what are the three steps or phases in…
Platelet contact with exposed subendot…
What factor is required for normal pla…
Platelets release substances which pro…
- reflex vasoconstriction... - formation of a platelet plug... - ac…
results in adhesion of platelets to surface and each other
- Von Willdebrand's Factor
-promote vasoconstriction and platelet aggregation
what are the three steps or phases in…
- reflex vasoconstriction... - formation of a platelet plug... - ac…
Platelet contact with exposed subendot…
results in adhesion of platelets to surface and each other
83 terms
Hematology & Hemostasis Veterinary Clinical Lab
Hematology
functions of blood
components of blood
hematopoiesis
the study of blood
carries nutrients, oxygen & waste... essential in water & electr…
Plasma - Fluid - clotting factors... Erythrocytes - RBCs... Thrombo…
production of blood cells and platelets... *all blood cells aris…
Hematology
the study of blood
functions of blood
carries nutrients, oxygen & waste... essential in water & electr…
32 terms
Clinical Hematology Introduction To Anemias
Sites and technique of a bone marrow a…
Bone marrow smears:
Touch preparation:
Aspirate smear:
Posterior Superior Iliac Crest, Sternum, Anterior Superior Il…
Touch preparation and aspirate smear
Bone core rolled on slide to give cellular imprint.
Marrow aspirate stained with Wright's stain and counterstaine…
Sites and technique of a bone marrow a…
Posterior Superior Iliac Crest, Sternum, Anterior Superior Il…
Bone marrow smears:
Touch preparation and aspirate smear
198 terms
Clinical Hematology: Larkin
Blood is a suspension of cells. The ce…
What are the three cell types in blood?
Plasmid is _____% water,_____% protein…
Blood has what five general responsibi…
40,60 ... (after spinning)
RBC, WBC, Platelets ... (Yes, platelets are considered cells)
91.5%, 7%, 1.5%... (roughly)
1. Brings nutrients and hormones to and from cells... 2. Takes w…
Blood is a suspension of cells. The ce…
40,60 ... (after spinning)
What are the three cell types in blood?
RBC, WBC, Platelets ... (Yes, platelets are considered cells)
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