Study sets matching "clinical pathology monday may"

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Study sets matching "clinical pathology monday may"

230 terms
Clinical Pathology: Final Exam Terms & Concepts
Mast cell tumor
Lymphoma
Histiocytoma
Histiocytic sarcoma
*Most common skin tumor in dogs... Round cells, 10-25µ diameter;…
Round cells, 8-24µ, high N:C... Usually larger than a neutrophil…
Relatively common skin mass, young dogs... "Button-shaped," tend…
Localized soft-tissue (often aggressive, malignant) mesenchym…
Mast cell tumor
*Most common skin tumor in dogs... Round cells, 10-25µ diameter;…
Lymphoma
Round cells, 8-24µ, high N:C... Usually larger than a neutrophil…
69 terms
Clinical Pathology Exam (Set 1)
What are the Specific Differences betw…
What makes up the Cellular Component o…
Which Cells are Granulocytes?
Which Cells are Agranulocytes?
Plasma contains Fibrinogen while Serum does not. (Serum does…
Leukocytes (WBCs)... Platelets (thrombocytes)... Erythrocytes (RBC's)
Neutrophils... Eosinophils... Basophils
Lymphocytes... Monocytes
What are the Specific Differences betw…
Plasma contains Fibrinogen while Serum does not. (Serum does…
What makes up the Cellular Component o…
Leukocytes (WBCs)... Platelets (thrombocytes)... Erythrocytes (RBC's)
82 terms
Clinical Pathology
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
Smokers Melanosis... Clinical: If diffu…
Drug-Induced Pigmentation... Due to: Te…
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
82 terms
Clinical Pathology
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
Smokers Melanosis... Clinical: If diffu…
Drug-Induced Pigmentation... Due to: Te…
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
82 terms
Clinical Pathology
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
Smokers Melanosis... Clinical: If diffu…
Drug-Induced Pigmentation... Due to: Te…
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
Clinical Path B Final
What is Microbiology?
What are the subclasses?
What is Clinical/Diagnostic microbiolo…
Prokaryotic
Study of all aspects of the biology of microscopic organisms;…
Bacteriology- Microbiology of bacteria... Virology- Microbiology…
The identification of these microorganisms (particularly bact…
What is Microbiology?
Study of all aspects of the biology of microscopic organisms;…
What are the subclasses?
Bacteriology- Microbiology of bacteria... Virology- Microbiology…
73 terms
Clinical Pathology Power Point Final
Segmented Neutrophil
Band Neutrophil
Lymphocyte
Eosinophil
mature wbc... the most predominate cell
if indentation is more than 2/3 than it is considered a seg... h…
the smallest cell... the nucleus takes up most of the cell
has pink/red granules
Segmented Neutrophil
mature wbc... the most predominate cell
Band Neutrophil
if indentation is more than 2/3 than it is considered a seg... h…
Clinical Pathology Quiz Questions
Which of the following would NOT be on…
Which of the following would NOT be on…
Which of the following is NOT an appro…
Fill in the blank. OSHA stands for the…
b) document the no-accidents policy on a monthly basis
d) autoclaving steam
e) all the above are appropriate guidelines
d) administration
Which of the following would NOT be on…
b) document the no-accidents policy on a monthly basis
Which of the following would NOT be on…
d) autoclaving steam
Clinical Pathology Erythrocytes
Acanthocytes
Agglutination
Anisocytosis
Blister cells
-seen as consequence of a high fat diet... -disorders of lipid m…
-must be differentiated from rouleaux formation... -sometimes se…
-Variable red cell size
-Most often observed in feline blood films... -May result from o…
Acanthocytes
-seen as consequence of a high fat diet... -disorders of lipid m…
Agglutination
-must be differentiated from rouleaux formation... -sometimes se…
6 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology III (Week 5)
These are keratin loving fungi that ca…
Microsporum canis
Microsporum canis
miconazole nitrate 2%
What are Dermatophytes?
Most veterinary Dermatophytes will be what species?
What is this?
What is a common over the counter ringworm treatment?
These are keratin loving fungi that ca…
What are Dermatophytes?
Microsporum canis
Most veterinary Dermatophytes will be what species?
27 terms
Clinical Pathology 62A - Lecture 6
Most of of the clotting factors are:
The two pathways in which the clotting…
Either intrinsic or extrinsic pathways…
***The intrinsic system is activated w…
plasma proteins produced in the liver
intrinsic pathway... and... extrinsic pathway
initiate
***the endothelial lining of a blood vessel ruptures
Most of of the clotting factors are:
plasma proteins produced in the liver
The two pathways in which the clotting…
intrinsic pathway... and... extrinsic pathway
113 terms
Clinical Pathology Chemistries
List the Kidney Assay blood tests
Define BUN
What does the BUN blood test measure
Why is measuring the urea levels in th…
BUN - Blood Urea Nitrogen... Creatinine
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) measures the amount of urea nitroge…
Urea is formed by the liver and carried by the blood to the k…
List the Kidney Assay blood tests
BUN - Blood Urea Nitrogen... Creatinine
Define BUN
Blood Urea Nitrogen
42 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology (Week 5)
Dirofilaria immitis
Ivermectin
The microfilaria have been killed by a…
The host's antibody response to the pa…
What organism causes heart worm disease in dogs and cats?
What microfilaricide is used to clear dog blood of mircofilar…
Why would an animal infected with heartworms not have any cir…
ELISA test kits detect
Dirofilaria immitis
What organism causes heart worm disease in dogs and cats?
Ivermectin
What microfilaricide is used to clear dog blood of mircofilar…
23 terms
Clinical Pathology 62A - Midterm 3 - Chapter 13
A trematode (fluke/flatworm) that can…
A snail is required as its intermediat…
Flat leaflike body... 20mm to 30mm long b…
The bile ducts of the liver
What is a Fasciola Hepatica?
What is required for a Fasciola Hepatica to complete its life…
Describe the physical attributes of an adult Fasciola Hepatica.
Where do Fasciola Hepatica live?
A trematode (fluke/flatworm) that can…
What is a Fasciola Hepatica?
A snail is required as its intermediat…
What is required for a Fasciola Hepatica to complete its life…
29 terms
Clinical Pathology - Path Slide Cell Forms
Rouleaux Formation
Agglutination
RBC - Dog
RBC - Cats and Horses
1. RBC's stack... 2. Can be normal in cats and horses... 3. May ind…
1. RBC's form irregular clumps due to binding of antibodies... 2…
Rouleaux Formation
1. RBC's stack... 2. Can be normal in cats and horses... 3. May ind…
Agglutination
1. RBC's form irregular clumps due to binding of antibodies... 2…
16 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology III (Week 7)
Renal Artery
Ureter
Cortex
Medulla
1?
2?
3?
4?
Renal Artery
1?
Ureter
2?
26 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology (Week 7)
Adequate pasture acreage Compost manur…
Blood worm... Most dangerous parasite of…
Adult Large Strongyle
Strongyle egg
Name some ways to prevent parasites in grazing livestock?
Strongylus vulgaris?
What is shown?
What is shown?
Adequate pasture acreage Compost manur…
Name some ways to prevent parasites in grazing livestock?
Blood worm... Most dangerous parasite of…
Strongylus vulgaris?
41 terms
Clinical Pathology 62A - Lecture 8
Chemical chemistry
Factors that can affect clinical chemi…
Factors influencing results of clinica…
clinical chemistry - sample collection
(or serum chemistry) refers to chemical assays which measure…
- sample collection... - anticoagulant used ... - improper sample h…
• Hemolysis... • Chemical contamination... • Improper Labeling... • Pa…
• Whole blood... • Plasma... • Serum... • Sample volume
Chemical chemistry
(or serum chemistry) refers to chemical assays which measure…
Factors that can affect clinical chemi…
- sample collection... - anticoagulant used ... - improper sample h…
37 terms
Animal Clinical Pathology
Clinical Pathology Overview
What are the subdivisions of Clinical…
7 Reasons for Clin Path testing?
Decisions to Request Clin Path Testing
Clinical pathology is laboratory medicine... • Provides a bridge…
- Hematology... - Clinical chemistry... - Exfoliative cytology... - Ur…
• Health screen (pre-surgical evaluation)... • Screen for diseas…
• Based on cost versus benefit
Clinical Pathology Overview
Clinical pathology is laboratory medicine... • Provides a bridge…
What are the subdivisions of Clinical…
- Hematology... - Clinical chemistry... - Exfoliative cytology... - Ur…
133 terms
Clinical Pathology
transitional epithelial cells
squamous cells
renal epithelial cells
hyaline casts
-cells that come from the bladder, ureters, renal pelvis, and…
-epithelial cells that are thin and flat with angular borders…
-smallest cells that are seen in urine... -originate in the rena…
-can be observed in urine from healthy animals... -colorless and…
transitional epithelial cells
-cells that come from the bladder, ureters, renal pelvis, and…
squamous cells
-epithelial cells that are thin and flat with angular borders…
28 terms
Clinical Pathology Terminology
Pathology
Clinical pathology
Pathophysiology
Disease
study of the essential nature of disease, especially the phys…
The application of pathology to solve clinical problems, espe…
abnormal functioning of diseased organs and how it applies to…
a biologic or psychologic alteration resulting in a malfuncti…
Pathology
study of the essential nature of disease, especially the phys…
Clinical pathology
The application of pathology to solve clinical problems, espe…
431 terms
Clinical Simulation Pathology
*COPD: Body build
COPD: Past medical history
*COPD: Cough
COPD: Appearance of the chest
Type A: Emphysema (pink puffer): Thin, underweight... Type B: C…
Type A: Emphysema (pink puffer): Tobacco use ... Type B: Chroni…
Type A: Emphysema (pink puffer): Less common, mucoid secretio…
Type A: Emphysema (pink puffer): Barrel chest, increased A-P…
*COPD: Body build
Type A: Emphysema (pink puffer): Thin, underweight... Type B: C…
COPD: Past medical history
Type A: Emphysema (pink puffer): Tobacco use ... Type B: Chroni…
154 terms
Clinical Pathology LAB exam - 2
Inoculation of bacteria onto culture p…
Procedure for creating and interpretin…
How to prepare an otic specimen for ex…
How to prepare an otic specimen for ex…
Use quartering method
spread bacteria on all of the agar plate
gently roll exudate onto clean slide - heat fix and stain
Place a drop of mineral oil on the slide and mix in exudate (…
Inoculation of bacteria onto culture p…
Use quartering method
Procedure for creating and interpretin…
spread bacteria on all of the agar plate
82 terms
Clinical Pathology
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
Smokers Melanosis... Clinical: If diffu…
Drug-Induced Pigmentation... Due to: Te…
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
31 terms
Clinical Pathology Terminology
pathology
clinical pathology
pathophysiology
disease
study of essential nature of disease, especially the physical…
application of pathology to solve clinical problems, especial…
abnormal functioning of diseased organs and how it applies to…
biologic or psychologic alteration resulting in malfunction o…
pathology
study of essential nature of disease, especially the physical…
clinical pathology
application of pathology to solve clinical problems, especial…
56 terms
Clinical Pathology 2 Lecture Urinalysis
2 kidneys... 2 ureters... bladder... urethra
Maintain homeostasis (most important o…
Maintain homeostasis
Nephron: Functional unit
The urinary system consist of
the function of the urinary system is
The most important function of the urinary system is
the kidneys consist of
2 kidneys... 2 ureters... bladder... urethra
The urinary system consist of
Maintain homeostasis (most important o…
the function of the urinary system is
69 terms
Clinical Pathology FINAL
purulent/suppurative inflammation
pyogranulomatous inflammation
eosinophilic inflammation
transudate
an inflammation associated with pus formation (lots of neutro…
Mixed Neutrophils/Marcophages
>10% eosinophil
clear fluid; has a TP < 2.5g/dl; not very cellular
purulent/suppurative inflammation
an inflammation associated with pus formation (lots of neutro…
pyogranulomatous inflammation
Mixed Neutrophils/Marcophages
33 terms
Clinical Pathology
Know your test limitations, that 5% wi…
Which 2 commercial diagnosic labs are…
What is QUALITY ASSURANCE?
What is QC?
SENSITIVITY: A really sensitive person will + react to everyt…
*Gribbles- Auck, Ham, Palmy and Dunners... *NZVetpathology- Auck…
This is a standardised set of protocols for the whole process…
Quality control is a sub component of QA ... This is essential f…
Know your test limitations, that 5% wi…
SENSITIVITY: A really sensitive person will + react to everyt…
Which 2 commercial diagnosic labs are…
*Gribbles- Auck, Ham, Palmy and Dunners... *NZVetpathology- Auck…
98 terms
Gastrointestinal clinical pathology
water balance
endogenous secretions
deydration
hyponatremia
______________ shifts in acute Gi disease
the vast majority of fluid in the GI tract is from __________…
if loss in severe and/rprotracted vomiting/diarrea exceeds re…
If the amount of water lost is proportional to electrolytes l…
water balance
______________ shifts in acute Gi disease
endogenous secretions
the vast majority of fluid in the GI tract is from __________…
227 terms
Clinical Pathology 2 Lecture Urinalysis, Unit Five: Urinalysis
2 kidneys... 2 ureters... bladder... urethra
Maintain homeostasis (most important o…
Maintain homeostasis
Nephron: Functional unit
The urinary system consist of
the function of the urinary system is
The most important function of the urinary system is
the kidneys consist of
2 kidneys... 2 ureters... bladder... urethra
The urinary system consist of
Maintain homeostasis (most important o…
the function of the urinary system is
48 terms
Clinical Pathology 1 + 2
Advantages of having an in-house lab
Disadvantages of having an in-house lab
Precision
Accuracy
Fast - good for emergencies... Adds job interest... Clients appreci…
Results may be unreliable.... Requires skill and interpretation…
How similar the results are of a repeated assay to each other.
How close the assay results are to the true value
Advantages of having an in-house lab
Fast - good for emergencies... Adds job interest... Clients appreci…
Disadvantages of having an in-house lab
Results may be unreliable.... Requires skill and interpretation…
40 terms
VT8 Clinical Pathology
When preserving most tissues for histo…
10% buffered formalin is made by mixin…
50% formalin is made by mixing
Some tissues should be preserved in Bo…
10% buffered formalin, with a fixative to tissue ratio of 10:…
Nine parts water one part 37% to 40% formaldehyde solution.... M…
one part 10% formalin and one part 37% to 40% formaldehyde so…
Eyes should be preserved in Bouin fixative.... McCurnin ch. 17
When preserving most tissues for histo…
10% buffered formalin, with a fixative to tissue ratio of 10:…
10% buffered formalin is made by mixin…
Nine parts water one part 37% to 40% formaldehyde solution.... M…
28 terms
Clinical Pathology & Quality Control
Clinical Pathology
Veterinarian is trained to
Veterinary Technician is trained to
Evaluation of Chemical Components of B…
Use of Laboratory tests to evaluate the health of a patient
Interpret results
Generate reliable and timely Results
Accurate Diagnosis and Prognosis; Develop treatment plan and…
Clinical Pathology
Use of Laboratory tests to evaluate the health of a patient
Veterinarian is trained to
Interpret results
232 terms
Clinical Pathology - Exam 3
Four parts to urinalysis...
Best to collect urine sample before __…
Four was to collect urine...
complication of cystocentesis
-Gross examination... -Chemistry testing using reagent strip... -Sp…
initiation of diuretic or fluid therapy - alters concentration
-Free-catch or voided sample... -Expressing the bladder... -Cathete…
Iatrogenic hemorrhage (may confuse results: increase protien)
Four parts to urinalysis...
-Gross examination... -Chemistry testing using reagent strip... -Sp…
Best to collect urine sample before __…
initiation of diuretic or fluid therapy - alters concentration
Clinical Pathology parasitology key terms lecture 1
Heavily parasitized animals often show…
Animals affected with fewer parasites…
symbiosis
Parasitism
diarrhea, anorexia, vomiting, blood in the stool, weight loss…
asymptomatic
"living together" any association, either temporary or perman…
one member, of the parasite, lives on or within the other mem…
Heavily parasitized animals often show…
diarrhea, anorexia, vomiting, blood in the stool, weight loss…
Animals affected with fewer parasites…
asymptomatic
Clinical Pathology B ticks
Taxonomy
Feeding
Clinical features
Infestation
Subphylum: Chelicerata... Class: Arachnida... Order: Acari... Suborder…
All stages may feed on pets, cam consume 200-600 times their…
More commonly on dogs than cats; commonly affect the head, ne…
Acariasis; excrete pheromones which attract other ticks to th…
Taxonomy
Subphylum: Chelicerata... Class: Arachnida... Order: Acari... Suborder…
Feeding
All stages may feed on pets, cam consume 200-600 times their…
51 terms
Clinical Chemistry - ELECTROLYTES
Anions
Cations
Electrolytes
Osmolality
Negatively charged ions which move toward the anode
Positively charged ions which move toward the cathode
Ions capable of carrying an electrical charge (e.g. anions an…
The concentration of solutes per kilogram of solvent
Anions
Negatively charged ions which move toward the anode
Cations
Positively charged ions which move toward the cathode
Clinical pathology exam 1
Clinical testing is needed when...
Why not run all available tests at eve…
lyme disease in bucks county
predictive value influenced by
new pets, geriatric, baseline (research), presurgical, ... Sick…
expensive, unnecessary
1 in 9 dogs test positive
influenced by occurrence in population
Clinical testing is needed when...
new pets, geriatric, baseline (research), presurgical, ... Sick…
Why not run all available tests at eve…
expensive, unnecessary
87 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology III (Week 4)
The problem leading to chronicity or r…
True
The bacteria or yeast that may be pres…
Culture: Samples are taken from the in…
What is meant by 'acquired' antibiotic resistance?
True or False? Antibiotics and other antibacterials only affe…
A 'culture and sensitivity' is the name given to the laborato…
How is the "culture" portion of the 'culture and sensitivity'…
The problem leading to chronicity or r…
What is meant by 'acquired' antibiotic resistance?
True
True or False? Antibiotics and other antibacterials only affe…
55 terms
Clinical Foundation (Clinical History & Pathology)
Physician's Order
Patient History
Progress Notes
Lab Test
- Verify order before exam ... - Look for clinical info ... Ex: R/…
-Usually written by Doctor... -Provides important info to help i…
-Completed by Doctor after patient visit... -States complication…
-Critical info for refining sonographic differential diagnosi…
Physician's Order
- Verify order before exam ... - Look for clinical info ... Ex: R/…
Patient History
-Usually written by Doctor... -Provides important info to help i…
128 terms
pathology exam 1
Congenital and Hereditary
Diseases
Inflammatory
Pathology
Result of developmental disturbances... Genetic abnormalities... Ch…
is the pattern of the body's response to some form of injury.…
Body reacts to an injurious agent by means of inflammation ... W…
is the study of diseases that can cause abnormalities in the…
Congenital and Hereditary
Result of developmental disturbances... Genetic abnormalities... Ch…
Diseases
is the pattern of the body's response to some form of injury.…
34 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology II
Packed Cell Volume, The packed cell vo…
1.015 - 1.045
1.035 - 1.060
5.2 - 7.8
What is PCV?
Normal urine specific gravity for a dog?
Normal urine specific gravity for a cat?
Normal blood protein values for a dog?
Packed Cell Volume, The packed cell vo…
What is PCV?
1.015 - 1.045
Normal urine specific gravity for a dog?
65 terms
pathology exam 1
bulla
lobule
macule
papule
a circumscribed elevated lesion that is more than 5mm in diam…
a segment or lobe that is part of the whole; these lobes some…
area that is usually distinguished by color different from th…
a small circumscribed lesion usually less than 1cm in diamete…
bulla
a circumscribed elevated lesion that is more than 5mm in diam…
lobule
a segment or lobe that is part of the whole; these lobes some…
33 terms
Clinical Pathology Nematodes
spirocerca lupi
physaloptera
aonchotheca putorii
ollulanus tricuspis
esophageal worm found in dogs & cats, forms granulomas in eso…
stomach worms of dogs and cats; viewed with an endoscope; die…
called the gastric capillaries of cats; rare in US; eggs are…
called the feline trichostrongyle; usually found in the stoma…
spirocerca lupi
esophageal worm found in dogs & cats, forms granulomas in eso…
physaloptera
stomach worms of dogs and cats; viewed with an endoscope; die…
135 terms
Clinical pathology
Describe the process of blood clotting
How can primary haemostasis be assessed?
How can secondary haemostasis be asses…
How can tertiary haemostasis be assess…
Primary- loss adherence of platelets to damaged endothelium.…
Platelets- count or estimated count (10-30 for every 100x fie…
Clotting times- Intrinsic and common, platelets ... -Whole blood…
Clot inhibition- measure AT3 with ELISA ... Fibrinolysis- FDP (…
Describe the process of blood clotting
Primary- loss adherence of platelets to damaged endothelium.…
How can primary haemostasis be assessed?
Platelets- count or estimated count (10-30 for every 100x fie…
227 terms
GastroIntestinal Clinical Pathology
Saliva, gastric pH, resident flora and…
Cleft palate
Failure of fusion of the lateral palat…
Palatoschisis (cleft palate)
What are the defense mechanisms of the Gastrointestinal tract?
What is another term for palatoschisis?
What is a palatoschisis (cleft palate)?
This is a failure of fusion of the lateral palatine process
Saliva, gastric pH, resident flora and…
What are the defense mechanisms of the Gastrointestinal tract?
Cleft palate
What is another term for palatoschisis?
122 terms
Clinical Pathology II LAB, Exam 2
cytology
ears, fluids, tissues, vaginal, sperm
scratching (at ears), (head) shaking,…
ear mites, bacteria, yeast, WBCs
What is the term for the study of cells? [Lecture: pack 2, p.8]
Cytology, generally speaking, is routinely performed on sampl…
Name 4 (of 8) indications for performing an ear cytology.…
Abnormal cytologic ear specimens may contain what 4 findi…
cytology
What is the term for the study of cells? [Lecture: pack 2, p.8]
ears, fluids, tissues, vaginal, sperm
Cytology, generally speaking, is routinely performed on sampl…
224 terms
Clinical Pathology Final
Plasma vs Serum
Plasma Proteins
Protein Measurement
Protein Electrophoresis
Plasma... Collected in tube with anticoagulant... Liquid portion…
Numerous functions... -Nutritive... -Maintain colloidal oncotic pre…
Refractometer... Analyzer... -Spectrophotometic... -Measures total pro…
Run this in very sick patients or patients with fever of unkn…
Plasma vs Serum
Plasma... Collected in tube with anticoagulant... Liquid portion…
Plasma Proteins
Numerous functions... -Nutritive... -Maintain colloidal oncotic pre…
58 terms
Clinical Pathology Test 2
Dysplasia
Hyperplasia
Nervous Tissue
Lymphoid Tissue
Disorganization of shape or size
Increase in the number of cells in tissue
Brain, spinal cord, and related structures
Where lymph tissue is present
Dysplasia
Disorganization of shape or size
Hyperplasia
Increase in the number of cells in tissue
54 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology-Clinical chemistry
Blood chemistry panel
Whole blood
Plasma
What happens when samples are hemolyzed?
Vital tool in diagnosing diseases.
Contains fluid and cells
fluid component of whole blood; 90% water 10% dissolved const…
Hemolysis can effect assay results
Blood chemistry panel
Vital tool in diagnosing diseases.
Whole blood
Contains fluid and cells
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