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Study sets matching "clinical pathology monday may"

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Study sets matching "clinical pathology monday may"

73 terms
Clinical Pathology Power Point Final
Segmented Neutrophil
Band Neutrophil
Lymphocyte
Eosinophil
mature wbc... the most predominate cell
if indentation is more than 2/3 than it is considered a seg... h…
the smallest cell... the nucleus takes up most of the cell
has pink/red granules
Segmented Neutrophil
mature wbc... the most predominate cell
Band Neutrophil
if indentation is more than 2/3 than it is considered a seg... h…
230 terms
Clinical Pathology: Final Exam Terms & Concepts
Mast cell tumor
Lymphoma
Histiocytoma
Histiocytic sarcoma
*Most common skin tumor in dogs... Round cells, 10-25µ diameter;…
Round cells, 8-24µ, high N:C... Usually larger than a neutrophil…
Relatively common skin mass, young dogs... "Button-shaped," tend…
Localized soft-tissue (often aggressive, malignant) mesenchym…
Mast cell tumor
*Most common skin tumor in dogs... Round cells, 10-25µ diameter;…
Lymphoma
Round cells, 8-24µ, high N:C... Usually larger than a neutrophil…
69 terms
Clinical Pathology Exam (Set 1)
What are the Specific Differences betw…
What makes up the Cellular Component o…
Which Cells are Granulocytes?
Which Cells are Agranulocytes?
Plasma contains Fibrinogen while Serum does not. (Serum does…
Leukocytes (WBCs)... Platelets (thrombocytes)... Erythrocytes (RBC's)
Neutrophils... Eosinophils... Basophils
Lymphocytes... Monocytes
What are the Specific Differences betw…
Plasma contains Fibrinogen while Serum does not. (Serum does…
What makes up the Cellular Component o…
Leukocytes (WBCs)... Platelets (thrombocytes)... Erythrocytes (RBC's)
82 terms
Clinical Pathology
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
Smokers Melanosis... Clinical: If diffu…
Drug-Induced Pigmentation... Due to: Te…
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
82 terms
Clinical Pathology
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
Smokers Melanosis... Clinical: If diffu…
Drug-Induced Pigmentation... Due to: Te…
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
51 terms
Clinical Chemistry - ELECTROLYTES
Anions
Cations
Electrolytes
Osmolality
Negatively charged ions which move toward the anode
Positively charged ions which move toward the cathode
Ions capable of carrying an electrical charge (e.g. anions an…
The concentration of solutes per kilogram of solvent
Anions
Negatively charged ions which move toward the anode
Cations
Positively charged ions which move toward the cathode
82 terms
Clinical Pathology
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
Smokers Melanosis... Clinical: If diffu…
Drug-Induced Pigmentation... Due to: Te…
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
52 terms
Clinical Path B Final
What is Microbiology?
What are the subclasses?
What is Clinical/Diagnostic microbiolo…
Prokaryotic
Study of all aspects of the biology of microscopic organisms;…
Bacteriology- Microbiology of bacteria... Virology- Microbiology…
The identification of these microorganisms (particularly bact…
What is Microbiology?
Study of all aspects of the biology of microscopic organisms;…
What are the subclasses?
Bacteriology- Microbiology of bacteria... Virology- Microbiology…
33 terms
Clinical Pathology
Know your test limitations, that 5% wi…
Which 2 commercial diagnosic labs are…
What is QUALITY ASSURANCE?
What is QC?
SENSITIVITY: A really sensitive person will + react to everyt…
*Gribbles- Auck, Ham, Palmy and Dunners... *NZVetpathology- Auck…
This is a standardised set of protocols for the whole process…
Quality control is a sub component of QA ... This is essential f…
Know your test limitations, that 5% wi…
SENSITIVITY: A really sensitive person will + react to everyt…
Which 2 commercial diagnosic labs are…
*Gribbles- Auck, Ham, Palmy and Dunners... *NZVetpathology- Auck…
6 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology III (Week 5)
These are keratin loving fungi that ca…
Microsporum canis
Microsporum canis
miconazole nitrate 2%
What are Dermatophytes?
Most veterinary Dermatophytes will be what species?
What is this?
What is a common over the counter ringworm treatment?
These are keratin loving fungi that ca…
What are Dermatophytes?
Microsporum canis
Most veterinary Dermatophytes will be what species?
118 terms
Clinical Pathology Quiz Questions
Which of the following would NOT be on…
Which of the following would NOT be on…
Which of the following is NOT an appro…
Fill in the blank. OSHA stands for the…
b) document the no-accidents policy on a monthly basis
d) autoclaving steam
e) all the above are appropriate guidelines
d) administration
Which of the following would NOT be on…
b) document the no-accidents policy on a monthly basis
Which of the following would NOT be on…
d) autoclaving steam
48 terms
Clinical Pathology 1 + 2
Advantages of having an in-house lab
Disadvantages of having an in-house lab
Precision
Accuracy
Fast - good for emergencies... Adds job interest... Clients appreci…
Results may be unreliable.... Requires skill and interpretation…
How similar the results are of a repeated assay to each other.
How close the assay results are to the true value
Advantages of having an in-house lab
Fast - good for emergencies... Adds job interest... Clients appreci…
Disadvantages of having an in-house lab
Results may be unreliable.... Requires skill and interpretation…
53 terms
Clinical Pathology Erythrocytes
Acanthocytes
Agglutination
Anisocytosis
Blister cells
-seen as consequence of a high fat diet... -disorders of lipid m…
-must be differentiated from rouleaux formation... -sometimes se…
-Variable red cell size
-Most often observed in feline blood films... -May result from o…
Acanthocytes
-seen as consequence of a high fat diet... -disorders of lipid m…
Agglutination
-must be differentiated from rouleaux formation... -sometimes se…
113 terms
Clinical Pathology Chemistries
List the Kidney Assay blood tests
Define BUN
What does the BUN blood test measure
Why is measuring the urea levels in th…
BUN - Blood Urea Nitrogen... Creatinine
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) measures the amount of urea nitroge…
Urea is formed by the liver and carried by the blood to the k…
List the Kidney Assay blood tests
BUN - Blood Urea Nitrogen... Creatinine
Define BUN
Blood Urea Nitrogen
16 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology III (Week 7)
Renal Artery
Ureter
Cortex
Medulla
1?
2?
3?
4?
Renal Artery
1?
Ureter
2?
42 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology (Week 5)
Dirofilaria immitis
Ivermectin
The microfilaria have been killed by a…
The host's antibody response to the pa…
What organism causes heart worm disease in dogs and cats?
What microfilaricide is used to clear dog blood of mircofilar…
Why would an animal infected with heartworms not have any cir…
ELISA test kits detect
Dirofilaria immitis
What organism causes heart worm disease in dogs and cats?
Ivermectin
What microfilaricide is used to clear dog blood of mircofilar…
29 terms
Clinical Pathology - Path Slide Cell Forms
Rouleaux Formation
Agglutination
RBC - Dog
RBC - Cats and Horses
1. RBC's stack... 2. Can be normal in cats and horses... 3. May ind…
1. RBC's form irregular clumps due to binding of antibodies... 2…
Rouleaux Formation
1. RBC's stack... 2. Can be normal in cats and horses... 3. May ind…
Agglutination
1. RBC's form irregular clumps due to binding of antibodies... 2…
26 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology (Week 7)
Adequate pasture acreage Compost manur…
Blood worm... Most dangerous parasite of…
Adult Large Strongyle
Strongyle egg
Name some ways to prevent parasites in grazing livestock?
Strongylus vulgaris?
What is shown?
What is shown?
Adequate pasture acreage Compost manur…
Name some ways to prevent parasites in grazing livestock?
Blood worm... Most dangerous parasite of…
Strongylus vulgaris?
163 terms
Clinical pathology exam 1
Clinical testing is needed when...
Why not run all available tests at eve…
lyme disease in bucks county
predictive value influenced by
new pets, geriatric, baseline (research), presurgical, ... Sick…
expensive, unnecessary
1 in 9 dogs test positive
influenced by occurrence in population
Clinical testing is needed when...
new pets, geriatric, baseline (research), presurgical, ... Sick…
Why not run all available tests at eve…
expensive, unnecessary
37 terms
Animal Clinical Pathology
Clinical Pathology Overview
What are the subdivisions of Clinical…
7 Reasons for Clin Path testing?
Decisions to Request Clin Path Testing
Clinical pathology is laboratory medicine... • Provides a bridge…
- Hematology... - Clinical chemistry... - Exfoliative cytology... - Ur…
• Health screen (pre-surgical evaluation)... • Screen for diseas…
• Based on cost versus benefit
Clinical Pathology Overview
Clinical pathology is laboratory medicine... • Provides a bridge…
What are the subdivisions of Clinical…
- Hematology... - Clinical chemistry... - Exfoliative cytology... - Ur…
178 terms
pathology
heart muscles become enlarged as a for…
cell death... can be caused by ischemia,…
reduced blood supply
enlarged cells - resulting in increase…
what will the heart do in response to increased hemodynamic l…
what is the end result of progressive cell injury
ischemia
hypertrophy
heart muscles become enlarged as a for…
what will the heart do in response to increased hemodynamic l…
cell death... can be caused by ischemia,…
what is the end result of progressive cell injury
46 terms
Ovarian Patho Clinical/Sono Findings
Clinical Findings... Follicular cysts
Sonographic Findings... Follicular Cysts
Clinical Findings... Corpus Luteum Cysts
Sonographic Findings... *Corpus Luteum C…
Asymptomatic to dull... Adnexal pressure and pain ... Abnormal ovar…
Simple cyst
Irregular menstrual cycle... Pain... May mimic an ectopic pregnancy…
"Cystic" type of lesion; may have internal echoes secondary t…
Clinical Findings... Follicular cysts
Asymptomatic to dull... Adnexal pressure and pain ... Abnormal ovar…
Sonographic Findings... Follicular Cysts
Simple cyst
82 terms
Clinical Pathology
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
Smokers Melanosis... Clinical: If diffu…
Drug-Induced Pigmentation... Due to: Te…
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
154 terms
Clinical Pathology LAB exam - 2
Inoculation of bacteria onto culture p…
Procedure for creating and interpretin…
How to prepare an otic specimen for ex…
How to prepare an otic specimen for ex…
Use quartering method
spread bacteria on all of the agar plate
gently roll exudate onto clean slide - heat fix and stain
Place a drop of mineral oil on the slide and mix in exudate (…
Inoculation of bacteria onto culture p…
Use quartering method
Procedure for creating and interpretin…
spread bacteria on all of the agar plate
56 terms
Clinical Pathology 2 Lecture Urinalysis
2 kidneys... 2 ureters... bladder... urethra
Maintain homeostasis (most important o…
Maintain homeostasis
Nephron: Functional unit
The urinary system consist of
the function of the urinary system is
The most important function of the urinary system is
the kidneys consist of
2 kidneys... 2 ureters... bladder... urethra
The urinary system consist of
Maintain homeostasis (most important o…
the function of the urinary system is
27 terms
Clinical Pathology 62A - Lecture 6
Most of of the clotting factors are:
The two pathways in which the clotting…
Either intrinsic or extrinsic pathways…
***The intrinsic system is activated w…
plasma proteins produced in the liver
intrinsic pathway... and... extrinsic pathway
initiate
***the endothelial lining of a blood vessel ruptures
Most of of the clotting factors are:
plasma proteins produced in the liver
The two pathways in which the clotting…
intrinsic pathway... and... extrinsic pathway
227 terms
Clinical Pathology 2 Lecture Urinalysis, Unit Five: Urinalysis
2 kidneys... 2 ureters... bladder... urethra
Maintain homeostasis (most important o…
Maintain homeostasis
Nephron: Functional unit
The urinary system consist of
the function of the urinary system is
The most important function of the urinary system is
the kidneys consist of
2 kidneys... 2 ureters... bladder... urethra
The urinary system consist of
Maintain homeostasis (most important o…
the function of the urinary system is
40 terms
VT8 Clinical Pathology
When preserving most tissues for histo…
10% buffered formalin is made by mixin…
50% formalin is made by mixing
Some tissues should be preserved in Bo…
10% buffered formalin, with a fixative to tissue ratio of 10:…
Nine parts water one part 37% to 40% formaldehyde solution.... M…
one part 10% formalin and one part 37% to 40% formaldehyde so…
Eyes should be preserved in Bouin fixative.... McCurnin ch. 17
When preserving most tissues for histo…
10% buffered formalin, with a fixative to tissue ratio of 10:…
10% buffered formalin is made by mixin…
Nine parts water one part 37% to 40% formaldehyde solution.... M…
87 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology III (Week 4)
The problem leading to chronicity or r…
True
The bacteria or yeast that may be pres…
Culture: Samples are taken from the in…
What is meant by 'acquired' antibiotic resistance?
True or False? Antibiotics and other antibacterials only affe…
A 'culture and sensitivity' is the name given to the laborato…
How is the "culture" portion of the 'culture and sensitivity'…
The problem leading to chronicity or r…
What is meant by 'acquired' antibiotic resistance?
True
True or False? Antibiotics and other antibacterials only affe…
23 terms
Clinical Pathology 62A - Midterm 3 - Chapter 13
A trematode (fluke/flatworm) that can…
A snail is required as its intermediat…
Flat leaflike body... 20mm to 30mm long b…
The bile ducts of the liver
What is a Fasciola Hepatica?
What is required for a Fasciola Hepatica to complete its life…
Describe the physical attributes of an adult Fasciola Hepatica.
Where do Fasciola Hepatica live?
A trematode (fluke/flatworm) that can…
What is a Fasciola Hepatica?
A snail is required as its intermediat…
What is required for a Fasciola Hepatica to complete its life…
41 terms
Clinical Pathology 62A - Lecture 8
Chemical chemistry
Factors that can affect clinical chemi…
Factors influencing results of clinica…
clinical chemistry - sample collection
(or serum chemistry) refers to chemical assays which measure…
- sample collection... - anticoagulant used ... - improper sample h…
• Hemolysis... • Chemical contamination... • Improper Labeling... • Pa…
• Whole blood... • Plasma... • Serum... • Sample volume
Chemical chemistry
(or serum chemistry) refers to chemical assays which measure…
Factors that can affect clinical chemi…
- sample collection... - anticoagulant used ... - improper sample h…
42 terms
Clinical Pathology- Cytology
Clinical pathology subjects
Cytology
Fluid collection methods
Fluid collection techniques
haemotology... Urine analysis... Clinical biochemistry... Serology... Cyt…
Examination and assessment of cells in fluids and smears. ... -A…
Bronchoalveolar Lavage... Transtracheal wash... Pleural, peritoneal…
Submitted in EDTA tube plus plain sterile tube.... -Total prote…
Clinical pathology subjects
haemotology... Urine analysis... Clinical biochemistry... Serology... Cyt…
Cytology
Examination and assessment of cells in fluids and smears. ... -A…
65 terms
pathology exam 1
bulla
lobule
macule
papule
a circumscribed elevated lesion that is more than 5mm in diam…
a segment or lobe that is part of the whole; these lobes some…
area that is usually distinguished by color different from th…
a small circumscribed lesion usually less than 1cm in diamete…
bulla
a circumscribed elevated lesion that is more than 5mm in diam…
lobule
a segment or lobe that is part of the whole; these lobes some…
149 terms
Gastrointestinal Pathology (PATHOMA)
Trachaeoesophageal fistula
Clinical presentation of trachaeoesoph…
Esophageal web... Clinical presentation?…
Plummer-Vinson syndrome
Congenital defect resulting in a connection between the esoph…
Presents with vomiting, polyhydramnios, abdominal distention,…
Thin protrusion of esophageal mucosa, most often in the upper…
Characterized by severe iron deficiency anemia, esophageal we…
Trachaeoesophageal fistula
Congenital defect resulting in a connection between the esoph…
Clinical presentation of trachaeoesoph…
Presents with vomiting, polyhydramnios, abdominal distention,…
28 terms
Clinical Pathology Terminology
Pathology
Clinical pathology
Pathophysiology
Disease
study of the essential nature of disease, especially the phys…
The application of pathology to solve clinical problems, espe…
abnormal functioning of diseased organs and how it applies to…
a biologic or psychologic alteration resulting in a malfuncti…
Pathology
study of the essential nature of disease, especially the phys…
Clinical pathology
The application of pathology to solve clinical problems, espe…
41 terms
Pathology - Medical and clinical terminology
Signs
Symptoms
Disorder
Disease
These are objective evidence of a disease
These are subjective evidence of a disease
A disruption of or an interruption with normal functions or e…
A condition of abnormal vital function involving any part of…
Signs
These are objective evidence of a disease
Symptoms
These are subjective evidence of a disease
128 terms
pathology exam 1
Congenital and Hereditary
Diseases
Inflammatory
Pathology
Result of developmental disturbances... Genetic abnormalities... Ch…
is the pattern of the body's response to some form of injury.…
Body reacts to an injurious agent by means of inflammation ... W…
is the study of diseases that can cause abnormalities in the…
Congenital and Hereditary
Result of developmental disturbances... Genetic abnormalities... Ch…
Diseases
is the pattern of the body's response to some form of injury.…
59 terms
clinical pathology - urinalysis
manual expression
catheterization
cystocentesis
sample handling
gently squeezed utnil urine is expressed. may lead to bladder…
less ocntamination from distal urogenital tract. contaminants…
Ideal method of urine collection... Contaminants may include:... ia…
storage and handling must be sterile. dipstick analysis shoul…
manual expression
gently squeezed utnil urine is expressed. may lead to bladder…
catheterization
less ocntamination from distal urogenital tract. contaminants…
33 terms
Clinical Pathology Nematodes
spirocerca lupi
physaloptera
aonchotheca putorii
ollulanus tricuspis
esophageal worm found in dogs & cats, forms granulomas in eso…
stomach worms of dogs and cats; viewed with an endoscope; die…
called the gastric capillaries of cats; rare in US; eggs are…
called the feline trichostrongyle; usually found in the stoma…
spirocerca lupi
esophageal worm found in dogs & cats, forms granulomas in eso…
physaloptera
stomach worms of dogs and cats; viewed with an endoscope; die…
158 terms
PATHOLOGY OF RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
LESSON 1... Normal Structure and Function
IMPORTANT POINT:
FROM THE OUTSIDE IN....... External nares
Paranasal sinuses
The respiratory system is composed of a... conducting portion an…
airconducting portions different from air-exchange... portions…
- "nose" - leads into nasal cavity where air is warmed and mo…
communicate directly or indirectly with nasal cavity, usually…
LESSON 1... Normal Structure and Function
The respiratory system is composed of a... conducting portion an…
IMPORTANT POINT:
airconducting portions different from air-exchange... portions…
135 terms
Clinical pathology
Describe the process of blood clotting
How can primary haemostasis be assessed?
How can secondary haemostasis be asses…
How can tertiary haemostasis be assess…
Primary- loss adherence of platelets to damaged endothelium.…
Platelets- count or estimated count (10-30 for every 100x fie…
Clotting times- Intrinsic and common, platelets ... -Whole blood…
Clot inhibition- measure AT3 with ELISA ... Fibrinolysis- FDP (…
Describe the process of blood clotting
Primary- loss adherence of platelets to damaged endothelium.…
How can primary haemostasis be assessed?
Platelets- count or estimated count (10-30 for every 100x fie…
31 terms
Clinical Pathology Terminology
pathology
clinical pathology
pathophysiology
disease
study of essential nature of disease, especially the physical…
application of pathology to solve clinical problems, especial…
abnormal functioning of diseased organs and how it applies to…
biologic or psychologic alteration resulting in malfunction o…
pathology
study of essential nature of disease, especially the physical…
clinical pathology
application of pathology to solve clinical problems, especial…
227 terms
GastroIntestinal Clinical Pathology
Saliva, gastric pH, resident flora and…
Cleft palate
Failure of fusion of the lateral palat…
Palatoschisis (cleft palate)
What are the defense mechanisms of the Gastrointestinal tract?
What is another term for palatoschisis?
What is a palatoschisis (cleft palate)?
This is a failure of fusion of the lateral palatine process
Saliva, gastric pH, resident flora and…
What are the defense mechanisms of the Gastrointestinal tract?
Cleft palate
What is another term for palatoschisis?
431 terms
Clinical Simulation Pathology
*COPD: Body build
COPD: Past medical history
*COPD: Cough
COPD: Appearance of the chest
Type A: Emphysema (pink puffer): Thin, underweight... Type B: C…
Type A: Emphysema (pink puffer): Tobacco use ... Type B: Chroni…
Type A: Emphysema (pink puffer): Less common, mucoid secretio…
Type A: Emphysema (pink puffer): Barrel chest, increased A-P…
*COPD: Body build
Type A: Emphysema (pink puffer): Thin, underweight... Type B: C…
COPD: Past medical history
Type A: Emphysema (pink puffer): Tobacco use ... Type B: Chroni…
224 terms
Clinical Pathology Final
Plasma vs Serum
Plasma Proteins
Protein Measurement
Protein Electrophoresis
Plasma... Collected in tube with anticoagulant... Liquid portion…
Numerous functions... -Nutritive... -Maintain colloidal oncotic pre…
Refractometer... Analyzer... -Spectrophotometic... -Measures total pro…
Run this in very sick patients or patients with fever of unkn…
Plasma vs Serum
Plasma... Collected in tube with anticoagulant... Liquid portion…
Plasma Proteins
Numerous functions... -Nutritive... -Maintain colloidal oncotic pre…
122 terms
Clinical Pathology II LAB, Exam 2
cytology
ears, fluids, tissues, vaginal, sperm
scratching (at ears), (head) shaking,…
ear mites, bacteria, yeast, WBCs
What is the term for the study of cells? [Lecture: pack 2, p.8]
Cytology, generally speaking, is routinely performed on sampl…
Name 4 (of 8) indications for performing an ear cytology.…
Abnormal cytologic ear specimens may contain what 4 findi…
cytology
What is the term for the study of cells? [Lecture: pack 2, p.8]
ears, fluids, tissues, vaginal, sperm
Cytology, generally speaking, is routinely performed on sampl…
34 terms
Clinical pathology of the liver
Functions of the liver
Measurements of serum chemistries
Many of the parameters for the two tes…
Parameters used to investigate liver d…
-Carbohydrate dynamics... -Lipid metabolism... -Protein metabolism…
-Liver damage: Hepatic enzymes... -Liver function... *Substances pr…
Hepatic Disease (Ex: hyperbilirubinemia)
-Hepatocellular enzymes (comes from hepatocytes)... -Induced (or…
Functions of the liver
-Carbohydrate dynamics... -Lipid metabolism... -Protein metabolism…
Measurements of serum chemistries
-Liver damage: Hepatic enzymes... -Liver function... *Substances pr…
28 terms
Clinical Pathology & Quality Control
Clinical Pathology
Veterinarian is trained to
Veterinary Technician is trained to
Evaluation of Chemical Components of B…
Use of Laboratory tests to evaluate the health of a patient
Interpret results
Generate reliable and timely Results
Accurate Diagnosis and Prognosis; Develop treatment plan and…
Clinical Pathology
Use of Laboratory tests to evaluate the health of a patient
Veterinarian is trained to
Interpret results
159 terms
Gastrointestinal Pathology (PATHOMA)
Cleft lip and palate
Describe how facial prominences fuse t…
Aphthous ulcer
Behcet syndrome
Full thickness defect of lip or palate... Due to failure of fac…
During early pregnancy, facial prominences (one from superior…
Painful, superficial ulceration of the oral mucosa... Arises in…
Recurrent aphthous ulcers, genital ulcers, and uveitis
Cleft lip and palate
Full thickness defect of lip or palate... Due to failure of fac…
Describe how facial prominences fuse t…
During early pregnancy, facial prominences (one from superior…
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