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Study sets matching "clinical pathology renal"

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Study sets matching "clinical pathology renal"

114 terms
Clinical Pathology: Renal, Urinalysis
isosthenuria
hyposthenuria (active process)
oliguria
anuria
fixed USG 1.007 - 1.013
dilute urine, USG < 1.007
decreased urine production
no urine production
isosthenuria
fixed USG 1.007 - 1.013
hyposthenuria (active process)
dilute urine, USG < 1.007
37 terms
renal function clinical pathology
what is the function of the kidneys
what does the kidney excrete
kidney conserves
glomerular filtration rate
The functional unit of the kidney is the... nephron... The major…
◦ Urea... ◦ Creatinine... ◦ K+... ◦ H+... ◦ NH4+... ◦ P04+... ◦ Ca2+ (equine, r…
◦ Na+... ◦ Cl-... ◦ HC03-... ◦ Ca2+... ◦ Mg2+... ◦ Glucose... ◦ Amino acids... ◦ W…
the rate fluid moves from plasma to... glomerular filtrate... Hydr…
what is the function of the kidneys
The functional unit of the kidney is the... nephron... The major…
what does the kidney excrete
◦ Urea... ◦ Creatinine... ◦ K+... ◦ H+... ◦ NH4+... ◦ P04+... ◦ Ca2+ (equine, r…
9 terms
clinical pathology: renal
Uremia
azotemia
BUN
factors that increase BUN
a multi-systemic symptom complex resulting from acute or chro…
"nitrogen in blood" referring to an increase in non-protein n…
filtered in the glomerulus and partially reabsorbed in the pr…
higher dietary protein, increased amino acid degradation (3rd…
Uremia
a multi-systemic symptom complex resulting from acute or chro…
azotemia
"nitrogen in blood" referring to an increase in non-protein n…
63 terms
Clinical Pathology- Renal Function
uremia
azotemia
azotemia
oliguria
clinical syndrome associated with acidosis, nausea, anemia, w…
biochemical abnormality that refers to an increase in the non…
hallmark of acute renal failure
urine output <400 mL/day or <20mL/hour
uremia
clinical syndrome associated with acidosis, nausea, anemia, w…
azotemia
biochemical abnormality that refers to an increase in the non…
228 terms
Renal Exam 2 Clinical and Pathology
________ is characterized by rapid dec…
between BUN and creatinine, which is m…
_________ is a marker for nitrogenous…
what is unique about creatinine and it…
Acute kidney injury (previously called acute renal failure)... *…
creatinine ... *acute illness, alterations in protein metabolism…
blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
it is not reabsorbed (like BUN) and is actually secreted BY t…
________ is characterized by rapid dec…
Acute kidney injury (previously called acute renal failure)... *…
between BUN and creatinine, which is m…
creatinine ... *acute illness, alterations in protein metabolism…
43 terms
Renal- clinical & pathology
Glomerulonephritis + glomerulonephridi…
what are gomerulonephritdities charact…
name some causes of secondary glomeula…
desc. causes of primary glomerular dis…
glomerular disease
immunological component, and then further glomeular damage
polyarteritis nodosa, SLE< DM, Amyloid, vascular problems
immunological, HLA (human leukocyte antigen association) gene…
Glomerulonephritis + glomerulonephridi…
glomerular disease
what are gomerulonephritdities charact…
immunological component, and then further glomeular damage
43 terms
Renal- clinical & pathology
Glomerulonephritis + glomerulonephridi…
what are gomerulonephritdities charact…
name some causes of secondary glomeula…
desc. causes of primary glomerular dis…
glomerular disease
immunological component, and then further glomeular damage
polyarteritis nodosa, SLE< DM, Amyloid, vascular problems
immunological, HLA (human leukocyte antigen association) gene…
Glomerulonephritis + glomerulonephridi…
glomerular disease
what are gomerulonephritdities charact…
immunological component, and then further glomeular damage
42 terms
Renal Exam 2 (Clinical/ Pathology)
Azotemia
Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis…
IgA Nephropathy (Berger Disease)
Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis (…
Elevation of BUN and creatinine secondary to decreased GFR
progressive loss of renal function + severe oliguria, crescen…
Mesangial deposition of immunoglobulins, recurrent hematuria,…
Hyper cellular glomeruli + subepithelial humps, 1-4 weeks aft…
Azotemia
Elevation of BUN and creatinine secondary to decreased GFR
Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis…
progressive loss of renal function + severe oliguria, crescen…
21 terms
Renal pathology - Conceptual Clinical questions
A 20 year old woman with nephrotic syn…
Differentiate between membranous glome…
The overall prognosis in SLE is most c…
An indicator of a prior streptococcal…
Membranous glomerulonephritis... - most common nephrotic syndrom…
Minimal change disease also contains an effaced foot process…
Glomerular lesions
Increased titer of antistreptolysin O
A 20 year old woman with nephrotic syn…
Membranous glomerulonephritis... - most common nephrotic syndrom…
Differentiate between membranous glome…
Minimal change disease also contains an effaced foot process…
39 terms
Clinical Manifestations of Renal Diseases Introduction to Renal Pathology Pathology of Glomerular Injury
Acute Renal Failure ARF (Acute Kidney…
Acute Renal Failure ARF results from?
Chronic Renal Failure
Chronic Renal Failure Common Causes
Oliguria to Anuria in a short time.... Increasing Azotemia over…
1. Poor perfusion/acute tubular necrosis [ischemic or toxic]-…
Loss of renal function gradual or from acute; decrease in glo…
1. Diabetes. most common.... 2. Hypertension... 3. Glomerulonephrit…
Acute Renal Failure ARF (Acute Kidney…
Oliguria to Anuria in a short time.... Increasing Azotemia over…
Acute Renal Failure ARF results from?
1. Poor perfusion/acute tubular necrosis [ischemic or toxic]-…
31 terms
Clinical Medicine III: Renal Pathology
diagnosis to consider in a young patie…
white cell casts indicative of?
What part of the kidney is spared with…
**what defines chronic pyelonephritis…
ureterovesiculo reflux
pyelonephritis
glomerulus
morphological/anatomical result of repeated pyelonephritis in…
diagnosis to consider in a young patie…
ureterovesiculo reflux
white cell casts indicative of?
pyelonephritis
8 terms
Renal Pathology - clinical manifestations of renal diseases
Azotemia
Uremia
Nephritic syndrome
Nephrotic syndrome
Elevation of BUN and Cr ... Releated to decreased GFR... Prerenal -…
Azotemia w/ associated s/s ... Failure of renal exretory fx and…
Acute onset ... Hematuria w/ RBC casts ... diminished GFR... Mild to m…
Heavy proteinuria... Hypoalbuminemia ... Severe edema ... Hyperlipidem…
Azotemia
Elevation of BUN and Cr ... Releated to decreased GFR... Prerenal -…
Uremia
Azotemia w/ associated s/s ... Failure of renal exretory fx and…
702 terms
Renal Final Exam: Clinical Pathology/Disorders/Diseases
Acidemia implies that the blood is ___…
What is the main difference between ac…
What does ABG stand for? What kind of…
TRUE or FALSE: ABG goes in through the…
Acidemia: ACIDIC... Alkalemia: BASIC
Acidemia/alkalemia is a STATE of BEING, meaning what state, o…
Arterial Blood Gas... This allows you to get:... - pH... - pCO2... - O2…
FALSE! It goes through the RADIAL artery
Acidemia implies that the blood is ___…
Acidemia: ACIDIC... Alkalemia: BASIC
What is the main difference between ac…
Acidemia/alkalemia is a STATE of BEING, meaning what state, o…
63 terms
Clinical Pathology Final: Dx of Renal Disease
Define renal disease. How is it differ…
Define renal failure.
What are the renal functions? (5!)
Where is urea formed?
presence of morphologic renal lesions of any size or severity…
clinical signs and/or biochemical abnormalities indicative of…
1. Excretion of nitrogenous wastes (urea, creatinine)... 2. acid…
liver
Define renal disease. How is it differ…
presence of morphologic renal lesions of any size or severity…
Define renal failure.
clinical signs and/or biochemical abnormalities indicative of…
53 terms
Pathology (renal)
ACUTE PYELONEPHRITIS
ACUTE PYELONEPHRITIS... - marked inflamma…
ACUTE PYELONEPHRITIS... - papillary necro…
CHRONIC PYELONEPHRITIS ... Papillary blun…
ACUTE PYELONEPHRITIS
ACUTE PYELONEPHRITIS... - marked inflamma…
103 terms
RENAL PATHOLOGY
Renal Agenesis
Dysplastic Kidney
AR Polycystic Kidney Disease
AD Polycystic Kidney Disease
Bilateral - cause Potters Sequence (smashed baby)
NOT INHERITED... Cysts and Abnormal tissue in Kidney (cartilage…
Infants... Worsening Renal Failure... HTN (Portal and Systemic)... Con…
Young Adults... HTN... Hematuria... Worsening Renal Failure... Flank Pain…
Renal Agenesis
Bilateral - cause Potters Sequence (smashed baby)
Dysplastic Kidney
NOT INHERITED... Cysts and Abnormal tissue in Kidney (cartilage…
128 terms
Renal pathology
Agenesis
Hypoplasia
Horseshoe kidney
Duplex kidneys
absence of one or both kidneys
Small kidneys but normal development
fusion at either pole, usually lower
Agenesis
absence of one or both kidneys
Hypoplasia
Small kidneys but normal development
45 terms
Renal Pathology
4 morphologic components of kidney dis…
Azotemia
Uremia
Terms for single glomerulus (LM)
1. Glomeruli... 2. Tubules... 3. Interstitium... 4. Blood vessels... Chr…
-Elevation of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine... -D…
-Clinical azotemia and biochemical abnormalities... -*Metaboli…
-Global: affects all parts of single glomerulus... -Segemental…
4 morphologic components of kidney dis…
1. Glomeruli... 2. Tubules... 3. Interstitium... 4. Blood vessels... Chr…
Azotemia
-Elevation of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine... -D…
172 terms
Renal Pathology
What makes up the major portion of the…
Within the glomerulus are capillaries…
What are the 2 major factors that dete…
TRUE or FALSE: Endothelial and epithel…
Capillaries!
Within the glomerulus are capillaries that have a BASEMENT me…
Size and charge
FALSE! There are also MESANGIAL cells
What makes up the major portion of the…
Capillaries!
Within the glomerulus are capillaries…
Within the glomerulus are capillaries that have a BASEMENT me…
22 terms
Renal Pathology
Renal Tubular Acidosis
Distal renal tubular Acidosis (type I)
Proximal renal tubular acidosis (type 2)
Hyperkalemic renal tubular acidosis (t…
-- disorder of renal tubules that leads to *normal anion gap…
Inability of alpha-intercalated cells to secrete H+... - urine…
Defect in PCT HCO3- reabsorption ... - urine pH < 5.5 ... - incre…
- decreased NH4+ excretion... - hypoaldosteronism --> *hyperka…
Renal Tubular Acidosis
-- disorder of renal tubules that leads to *normal anion gap…
Distal renal tubular Acidosis (type I)
Inability of alpha-intercalated cells to secrete H+... - urine…
63 terms
Renal Pathology
Pathogenic responses of the GLoemrulus…
Hypercellularity
endocapillary proliferation
Trigger for crescent formation
Hypercellularity... Basement Membrane Thickening... Hyalinosis and…
- prolideration of mesangial or endothelial cells... - Infiltrat…
combination of infiltration of leukocytes and swelling and pr…
Activation of coagulation factors such as thrombin
Pathogenic responses of the GLoemrulus…
Hypercellularity... Basement Membrane Thickening... Hyalinosis and…
Hypercellularity
- prolideration of mesangial or endothelial cells... - Infiltrat…
41 terms
Renal Pathology
Cryoglobulinemia
Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia
Amyloidosis
Lupus nephritis
IgM aggregation - pseudothrombi... Hematuria
- A type of lymphoma... - High serum [IgM]... - PAS-positive "Throm…
- 2 Types: 1) Primary (multiple myeloma), 2) Secondary (Chron…
- subendothelial deposits ... 6 Stages:... 1) Normal... 2) Mesangial h…
Cryoglobulinemia
IgM aggregation - pseudothrombi... Hematuria
Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia
- A type of lymphoma... - High serum [IgM]... - PAS-positive "Throm…
18 terms
Renal Pathology
Normal Functions of the Kidneys:
Uremia
Incontinence
Renal Failure
- Afferent and Efferent arteriole... - glomerular filtration rat…
accumulation of urine metabolic waste... ・decrease K and H excre…
...
kidney's unable to regulate body functions related to water,…
Normal Functions of the Kidneys:
- Afferent and Efferent arteriole... - glomerular filtration rat…
Uremia
accumulation of urine metabolic waste... ・decrease K and H excre…
45 terms
Renal pathology
Chronic GM- Blue balls used to be glom…
Nodular Glomerulosclerosis of diabetes…
Nodular glomerulosclerosis, surroundin…
Nodular glomerular sclerosis with base…
Chronic GM- Blue balls used to be glom…
Nodular Glomerulosclerosis of diabetes…
80 terms
Renal (Pathology)
Uremia: Azotemia
Uremia
Uremia: When azotemia gives rise to cl…
Uremia: is characterized not only by
an elevation of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels usu…
A toxic condition which occurs when the blood retains urinary…
uremia
failure of renal excretory function but also by a host of met…
Uremia: Azotemia
an elevation of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels usu…
Uremia
A toxic condition which occurs when the blood retains urinary…
101 terms
Renal Pathology
Abnormal location of kidney in horsesh…
Vessel that horseshoe kidney can becom…
Unilateral renal agenesis results in w…
Bilateral renal agenesis causes what f…
Lower abdomen
Inferior Mesenteric artery
Hypertrophy of remaining kidney... Hyperfiltration
Oligohydramnios
Abnormal location of kidney in horsesh…
Lower abdomen
Vessel that horseshoe kidney can becom…
Inferior Mesenteric artery
75 terms
Renal Pathology
Horseshoe Kidney
Renal Cystic Dysplasia
Renal Cystic Dysplasia fluid filled cyst
Histology and Renal Cystic Dysplasia
fusion of kidney at mid-line, typically at inferior pole due…
#1 most common renal development disorder. All immature tissu…
Clear serous fluid. Tissue embryonic/immature
Proximal convuluted tubules. RBCs and cartilage.
Horseshoe Kidney
fusion of kidney at mid-line, typically at inferior pole due…
Renal Cystic Dysplasia
#1 most common renal development disorder. All immature tissu…
54 terms
Renal Pathology
Kidney Injury
Urinalysis
Anuria
Oliguria
-Acute kidney injury = Acute renal failure... -Chronic kidney i…
Analysis of urine... -Easy to examine and significant amount of…
Failure of kidneys to produce urine
Abnormally small amounts of urine produced
Kidney Injury
-Acute kidney injury = Acute renal failure... -Chronic kidney i…
Urinalysis
Analysis of urine... -Easy to examine and significant amount of…
140 terms
Renal Pathology
Renal Clearance of a substance can be…
Creatinine Clearance (CrCl)
Is serum creatinine a good marker for…
What is the function of MESANGIAL CELLS?
1. in bloody - steady level... 2. freely filtered... 3. NOT reabsor…
24 hour urine collection... CrCl = UCr/PCr * Volume/time... NOT rea…
NO - b/c influenced by muscle mass... but increased serum creati…
Interstitial cells of the glomeruli that are for:... 1. Support…
Renal Clearance of a substance can be…
1. in bloody - steady level... 2. freely filtered... 3. NOT reabsor…
Creatinine Clearance (CrCl)
24 hour urine collection... CrCl = UCr/PCr * Volume/time... NOT rea…
11 terms
Renal Pathology
Chronic Pyelonephritis
Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney D…
Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney…
Autosomal Dominent Tubulointerstitial…
thyroidization of the kidney (eosinophilic casts)
- mutated PKD1 on chromosome 11... - presents in adulthood wit…
- mutated PKHD1 on chrm 6 ... - infant with bilateral renal cy…
- small shrunken kidneys ... - cysts in medulla ... - progressive r…
Chronic Pyelonephritis
thyroidization of the kidney (eosinophilic casts)
Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney D…
- mutated PKD1 on chromosome 11... - presents in adulthood wit…
39 terms
Renal-Pathology
horseshoe kidney
renal agenesis
ARPKD
ADPKD
gets trapped under inferior mesenteric artery... normal function…
unilateral:... hypertrophy on existing kidney... bilateral:... oligoh…
many cysts BL enlarged... infant... congenital hepatic fibrosis-->p…
many cysts BL enlarged ... mutation PKD1 (chromo 16) or PKD2 (ch…
horseshoe kidney
gets trapped under inferior mesenteric artery... normal function…
renal agenesis
unilateral:... hypertrophy on existing kidney... bilateral:... oligoh…
75 terms
Renal Pathology
Potter Sequence
Horseshoe Kidney
Fanconi Syndrome
Bartter Syndrome
Inability to pee in utero results in:... Pulmonary hypoplasia... Ol…
Inferior poles of both kidneys fuse abnormally as they ascend…
Generalized reabsorptive defect in the proximal convoluted tu…
Reabsorptive defect in thick ascending loop of Henle due to a…
Potter Sequence
Inability to pee in utero results in:... Pulmonary hypoplasia... Ol…
Horseshoe Kidney
Inferior poles of both kidneys fuse abnormally as they ascend…
59 terms
Renal Pathology
*Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney…
*Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney…
Linear pattern on immunofluorescence
*Granular pattern on immunofluorescenc…
*Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney…
*Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney…
140 terms
Renal Pathology
Renal Clearance of a substance can be…
Creatinine Clearance (CrCl)
Is serum creatinine a good marker for…
What is the function of MESANGIAL CELLS?
1. in bloody - steady level... 2. freely filtered... 3. NOT reabsor…
24 hour urine collection... CrCl = UCr/PCr * Volume/time... NOT rea…
NO - b/c influenced by muscle mass... but increased serum creati…
Interstitial cells of the glomeruli that are for:... 1. Support…
Renal Clearance of a substance can be…
1. in bloody - steady level... 2. freely filtered... 3. NOT reabsor…
Creatinine Clearance (CrCl)
24 hour urine collection... CrCl = UCr/PCr * Volume/time... NOT rea…
83 terms
Renal pathology
kidneys ... ureters
urinary bladder... urethra
erythropoietin
Erythropoietin... Renin... Vit. D activation
what are the parts of the upper UTS
what are the parts of the lower UTS
hormone produced by the kidneys that stimulate rate of produc…
what are the hormones/enzymes produced from the kidney?
kidneys ... ureters
what are the parts of the upper UTS
urinary bladder... urethra
what are the parts of the lower UTS
137 terms
Renal Pathology
Normal proximal tubules ... -Epithelial c…
Muddy Brown Casts... -Several granular…
Normal... -Tubules are back to back... -No…
-Diseased... Acute tubular damage... -Tubu…
Is this kidney diseased or normal?
Urine Microscopy... What is this showing? ... How was this formed?
Is this kidney diseased or normal?
Is this kidney diseased or normal?
Normal proximal tubules ... -Epithelial c…
Is this kidney diseased or normal?
Muddy Brown Casts... -Several granular…
Urine Microscopy... What is this showing? ... How was this formed?
173 terms
Renal Pathology
tubules, glomerulus, interstitium, vas…
elevated BUN
PCT: columnar epithelium + brush borde…
coagulative necrosis
4 microscopic regions of kidney
Hematuria along with ______ indicates kidney disease
Effect of a thrombus in the afferent arteriole
tubules, glomerulus, interstitium, vas…
4 microscopic regions of kidney
elevated BUN
Hematuria along with ______ indicates kidney disease
52 terms
Renal Pathology
Doppler angle for segmental renal arte…
Normal RAR values are <___
What order to the renal veins go in th…
Sonographic appearance of nephrolithia…
less than 30 degrees
<3.5
Renal->segmental->interlobar->arcuate
bright hyperechoic masses with posterior shadowing in renal p…
Doppler angle for segmental renal arte…
less than 30 degrees
Normal RAR values are <___
<3.5
58 terms
Pathology: Renal Pathology
4 morphologic components of kidney dis…
Azotemia:
Uremia:
Terms for single glomerulus (LM):
1. Glomeruli... 2. Tubules... 3. Interstitium... 4. Blood vessels
-elevation of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine.... -du…
-clinical azotemia and biochemical abnormalities.... -*metabol…
-Global: affects all parts of single glomerulus.... -Segementa…
4 morphologic components of kidney dis…
1. Glomeruli... 2. Tubules... 3. Interstitium... 4. Blood vessels
Azotemia:
-elevation of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine.... -du…
98 terms
Renal Pathology
What are the 3 endocrine functions of…
What is unique about the structure of…
What are the 3 types of injury to the…
If pre and post renal injury occur lon…
Erythropoietin - PCV... Renin-angiotensin - blood pressure/Na... Vi…
It is in a triangular shape, so lesions are pyramidal
Pre-renal - lack of blood flow... Renal - primary renal disease…
Irreversible
What are the 3 endocrine functions of…
Erythropoietin - PCV... Renin-angiotensin - blood pressure/Na... Vi…
What is unique about the structure of…
It is in a triangular shape, so lesions are pyramidal
89 terms
Renal Pathology
Mesangial cells function
What are the layers and properties of…
What unique characteristics of the lam…
Review 3 major cells found in the glom…
1. *Removes proteins and particulates* from the glomerular fi…
Heteroporous filtration barrier
Podocytes... Endothelial cells... Mesangial cells
Mesangial cells function
1. *Removes proteins and particulates* from the glomerular fi…
What are the layers and properties of…
87 terms
Pathology Renal
What are the 3 endocrine functions of…
What is unique about the structure of…
What are the 3 types of injury to the…
If pre and post renal injury occur lon…
Erythropoietin - PCV... Renin-angiotensin - blood pressure/Na... Vi…
It is in a triangular shape
Pre-renal - lack of blood flow... Renal - primary renal disease…
irreversible
What are the 3 endocrine functions of…
Erythropoietin - PCV... Renin-angiotensin - blood pressure/Na... Vi…
What is unique about the structure of…
It is in a triangular shape
29 terms
Renal Pathology
Prerenal azotemia... BUN/Cr ratio?... FE Na?…
Membranous Nephropathy... BUN:Cr ratio?... O…
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney d…
von Hippel-Lindau... Proteins formed?... Oth…
BuN/Cr ratio >20:1, low FE Na, high urine specific gravity an…
BUN:CR ratio of 10:1 w/ proteinuria at nephrotic levels
Mutations in PKD1 (polycystin-1) ... 15%-Mutations in PKD2 (poly…
Elongin proteins formed... Cysts may form in many organs... VHL is…
Prerenal azotemia... BUN/Cr ratio?... FE Na?…
BuN/Cr ratio >20:1, low FE Na, high urine specific gravity an…
Membranous Nephropathy... BUN:Cr ratio?... O…
BUN:CR ratio of 10:1 w/ proteinuria at nephrotic levels
87 terms
Pathology Renal
What are the 3 endocrine functions of…
What is unique about the structure of…
What are the 3 types of injury to the…
If pre and post renal injury occur lon…
Erythropoietin - PCV... Renin-angiotensin - blood pressure/Na... Vi…
It is in a triangular shape
Pre-renal - lack of blood flow... Renal - primary renal disease…
irreversible
What are the 3 endocrine functions of…
Erythropoietin - PCV... Renin-angiotensin - blood pressure/Na... Vi…
What is unique about the structure of…
It is in a triangular shape
11 terms
Clinical renal
Acute Proliferative Glomerulonephritis
Membranous Nephropathy
Minimal change disease
Diabetic Glomerulosclerosis
Often follows a streptococcal throat infection ... IgG deposits…
Diffuse thickening of the glomerular capillary basement membr…
More common in children... Causes an effacement of the podocyte…
Increased thickness of the basement membranes ... Nodular depos…
Acute Proliferative Glomerulonephritis
Often follows a streptococcal throat infection ... IgG deposits…
Membranous Nephropathy
Diffuse thickening of the glomerular capillary basement membr…
64 terms
Clinical Pathology
Urine dipstick Nitrite
10^5 Colony forming units / ml (CFU/ml)
Ureaplasma, urealyticum, Chlamydia spe…
Corynebacterium
Most specific dipstick indicator for UTI
Traditional minimum bacterial concentration of a single speci…
Causes of culture negative UTI
Gram +, rod, common cause of hospital acquired UTI
Urine dipstick Nitrite
Most specific dipstick indicator for UTI
10^5 Colony forming units / ml (CFU/ml)
Traditional minimum bacterial concentration of a single speci…
Renal Pathology
Anti-GBM Glomerulonephritis
Heymann Nephritis
Planted Antigens
Circulating Immune Complex Nephritis
Antibodies against the Glomerular Basement Membrane (GBM).... I…
Antigen: M-type PLA2 Receptor in epithelial cell membrane.... -…
Non-glomerular origin, Localize to kidney and Antigens form a…
Glom. injury caused by trapping circulating Ab/Ag complexes.…
Anti-GBM Glomerulonephritis
Antibodies against the Glomerular Basement Membrane (GBM).... I…
Heymann Nephritis
Antigen: M-type PLA2 Receptor in epithelial cell membrane.... -…
9 terms
renal pathology
c-kit
trisomy 7, trisomy 17, loss of Y
deletion of 3p
chromophobe RCC
what is CD117?
cytogenetics in papillary RCC?
cytogenetics of clear cell RCC?
Hale's colloidal iron is specific for which renal tumor?
c-kit
what is CD117?
trisomy 7, trisomy 17, loss of Y
cytogenetics in papillary RCC?
139 terms
Renal pathology
normal renal anatomy
GBM made up of
ideal renal biopsy has
tools for looking at renal biopsy
aff/eff arterioles, bowman's capsule supported by epithelial…
type IV collagen (alpha 3, 4, and 5 chains)
lots of cortex (can see red glomeruli) and some medulla (stri…
light microscopy, immunofluorescence, EM
normal renal anatomy
aff/eff arterioles, bowman's capsule supported by epithelial…
GBM made up of
type IV collagen (alpha 3, 4, and 5 chains)
160 terms
Clinical Pathology
What are the various biological specim…
What is the difference between plasma…
What interindividual factors can affec…
What intraindividual factors can affec…
Blood (whole blood-B, serum-S, plasma-P), Urine (U), Fine nee…
Plasma is the clear portion of blood made as a product of spi…
Species: cat PCV < dog PCV... Breeds: Akitas have lower MCV; Gre…
Transient differences in the same animal due to factors (diet…
What are the various biological specim…
Blood (whole blood-B, serum-S, plasma-P), Urine (U), Fine nee…
What is the difference between plasma…
Plasma is the clear portion of blood made as a product of spi…
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