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Study sets matching "clinical pathology"

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Study sets matching "clinical pathology"

160 terms
Clinical Pathology
What are the various biological specim…
What is the difference between plasma…
What interindividual factors can affec…
What intraindividual factors can affec…
Blood (whole blood-B, serum-S, plasma-P), Urine (U), Fine nee…
Plasma is the clear portion of blood made as a product of spi…
Species: cat PCV < dog PCV... Breeds: Akitas have lower MCV; Gre…
Transient differences in the same animal due to factors (diet…
What are the various biological specim…
Blood (whole blood-B, serum-S, plasma-P), Urine (U), Fine nee…
What is the difference between plasma…
Plasma is the clear portion of blood made as a product of spi…
64 terms
Clinical Pathology
Urine dipstick Nitrite
10^5 Colony forming units / ml (CFU/ml)
Ureaplasma, urealyticum, Chlamydia spe…
Corynebacterium
Most specific dipstick indicator for UTI
Traditional minimum bacterial concentration of a single speci…
Causes of culture negative UTI
Gram +, rod, common cause of hospital acquired UTI
Urine dipstick Nitrite
Most specific dipstick indicator for UTI
10^5 Colony forming units / ml (CFU/ml)
Traditional minimum bacterial concentration of a single speci…
82 terms
Clinical Pathology
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
Smokers Melanosis... Clinical: If diffu…
Drug-Induced Pigmentation... Due to: Te…
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
82 terms
Clinical Pathology
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
Smokers Melanosis... Clinical: If diffu…
Drug-Induced Pigmentation... Due to: Te…
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
33 terms
Clinical Pathology
Know your test limitations, that 5% wi…
Which 2 commercial diagnosic labs are…
What is QUALITY ASSURANCE?
What is QC?
SENSITIVITY: A really sensitive person will + react to everyt…
*Gribbles- Auck, Ham, Palmy and Dunners... *NZVetpathology- Auck…
This is a standardised set of protocols for the whole process…
Quality control is a sub component of QA ... This is essential f…
Know your test limitations, that 5% wi…
SENSITIVITY: A really sensitive person will + react to everyt…
Which 2 commercial diagnosic labs are…
*Gribbles- Auck, Ham, Palmy and Dunners... *NZVetpathology- Auck…
82 terms
Clinical Pathology
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
Smokers Melanosis... Clinical: If diffu…
Drug-Induced Pigmentation... Due to: Te…
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
90 terms
clinical pathology
hematology
clinical chemistry
urinalysis
fecal analysis
study of blood
looking at indicators of organ function; blood is centrifuged…
analysis of urine; checks color, odor, turbidity
looking at stool samples (gastrointestinal) for color, shape,…
hematology
study of blood
clinical chemistry
looking at indicators of organ function; blood is centrifuged…
282 terms
Clinical Pathology Midterm
Clinical Pathology is _____ medicine
Clinical pathology provides a bridge b…
Clinical Pathology relies heavily on t…
can Clinical Pathology be performed be…
Laboratory Medicine
Clinical pathology provides a bridge between basic science
1) Biochemistry... 2) Physiology... 3) Pathology
Antemortem aka before death
Clinical Pathology is _____ medicine
Laboratory Medicine
Clinical pathology provides a bridge b…
Clinical pathology provides a bridge between basic science
51 terms
Clinical Pathology
Pathology
Clinical pathology
#1 piece of equipment for clinical pat…
10x objective use
Study of disease
the examination of diseased tissue, fluids, or other material…
microscope
direct smears, fecal floats, skin scrapes, total WBC count
Pathology
Study of disease
Clinical pathology
the examination of diseased tissue, fluids, or other material…
82 terms
Clinical Pathology
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
Smokers Melanosis... Clinical: If diffu…
Drug-Induced Pigmentation... Due to: Te…
Hairy Tongue... Clinical: Keratin accum…
Amalgam Tattoo... Clinical: Traumatic i…
Clinical Pathology
Clinical Pathology
What is going on with our patient?
Hematology
Serum
evaluation of patient conditions by way of analysis and body…
evaluation to asses health, establish a diagnosis, and monito…
study of blood (types of cells)
liquid portion of clotted blood
Clinical Pathology
evaluation of patient conditions by way of analysis and body…
What is going on with our patient?
evaluation to asses health, establish a diagnosis, and monito…
148 terms
Clinical Pathology Cytology
Reticulocytes
punctate reticulocyte of cat
aggregate reticulocyte of cat
basophil
This is an immature RBC circulation with RNA and can only be…
green arrow
red arrow
Reticulocytes
This is an immature RBC circulation with RNA and can only be…
punctate reticulocyte of cat
green arrow
68 terms
Clinical Pathology
Radiolucent
Radiodense
Air, Fat, Soft Tissue or Fluid, Bone o…
Reference Interval
object depicted on the radiograph allowed most of the x-rays…
object depicted blocked most of the x-rays and appeared as a…
Basic Radiographic Densities
contains 95% of test results for normal animals
Radiolucent
object depicted on the radiograph allowed most of the x-rays…
Radiodense
object depicted blocked most of the x-rays and appeared as a…
60 terms
Clinical Pathology
Clinical Pathology
Hemotology
Urinalysis
Clinical Chemistry
-evaluate patient condition by analysis of body fluids and ti…
-study of blood
-looking at aspects of urine samples
-looking at patient's serum or other parts of blood to evalua…
Clinical Pathology
-evaluate patient condition by analysis of body fluids and ti…
Hemotology
-study of blood
19 terms
Clinical Pathology
Intermittent Claudification
Homeostasis
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
symptom of arterial disease that can be associated with cardi…
maintaining pH; maintaining a state of equilibrium
reduction in the size of a cell
increase in the size of a cell
Intermittent Claudification
symptom of arterial disease that can be associated with cardi…
Homeostasis
maintaining pH; maintaining a state of equilibrium
241 terms
Clinical Pathology
What is serum?
What are two types of biological facto…
Define inter-individual factors.
Define intra-individual factors.
Plasma without coagulation proteins (fibrinogen)
1. Inter-individual (species, breed, age, sex)... 2. Intra-indiv…
Inherent differences between groups of animals due to effects…
Transient differences in the same animal due to environmental…
What is serum?
Plasma without coagulation proteins (fibrinogen)
What are two types of biological facto…
1. Inter-individual (species, breed, age, sex)... 2. Intra-indiv…
92 terms
Clinical pathology
What is the prefered test for chemiestry
Which samples can be frozen and which…
Enzymes can be bound two what two part…
What is Bound to the cell membrane
Serum
Only serum can ve frozen
Cytoplasm and cell membrane
Alkp and ggt
What is the prefered test for chemiestry
Serum
Which samples can be frozen and which…
Only serum can ve frozen
135 terms
Clinical pathology
Describe the process of blood clotting
How can primary haemostasis be assessed?
How can secondary haemostasis be asses…
How can tertiary haemostasis be assess…
Primary- loss adherence of platelets to damaged endothelium.…
Platelets- count or estimated count (10-30 for every 100x fie…
Clotting times- Intrinsic and common, platelets ... -Whole blood…
Clot inhibition- measure AT3 with ELISA ... Fibrinolysis- FDP (…
Describe the process of blood clotting
Primary- loss adherence of platelets to damaged endothelium.…
How can primary haemostasis be assessed?
Platelets- count or estimated count (10-30 for every 100x fie…
217 terms
Clinical Pathology
Verminous Pneumonia in foals
Disease: Pink eye- Infectious Bovine K…
Cutenebra
Potomac Horse Fever
Parascaris equorum
Moraxella bovis
Verminous myelitis ... cat
Neorickettsia risticii
Verminous Pneumonia in foals
Parascaris equorum
Disease: Pink eye- Infectious Bovine K…
Moraxella bovis
591 terms
Clinical Pathology
Name the mononuclear cells.
Name the granulocytes.
Describe the structure and function of…
Describe the structure and function of…
B-lymphocytes, T-lymphocytes, NK-lymphocytes, monocyte.
Neutrophil, Eosinophil, Basophil.
Neutral 20 granules, microbiocidal (primarily bacteria), phag…
Eosinophilic 20 granules (bright pink and large in horses), p…
Name the mononuclear cells.
B-lymphocytes, T-lymphocytes, NK-lymphocytes, monocyte.
Name the granulocytes.
Neutrophil, Eosinophil, Basophil.
120 terms
Clinical Pathology
Hematopoiesis
Extra medullary hematopoiesis
Hematopoietic stem cells
Myeloid progenitors
Generation of mature hematopoietic stem cells ... - yolk sac-->…
Hematopoiesis in liver and spleen in pathological conditions
Capable of self-renewal and differentiation to RBCs, WBCs, pl…
HSC--> progenitors... RBCs, granulocytes, monocytes, platelets
Hematopoiesis
Generation of mature hematopoietic stem cells ... - yolk sac-->…
Extra medullary hematopoiesis
Hematopoiesis in liver and spleen in pathological conditions
9 terms
Clinical Pathology
Sensitivity
Sensitivity
Specificity
Specificity
Frequency of correct result in patient with disease
TP/all sick *100
Frequency of correct result in healthy patients
TN/all healthy *100
Sensitivity
Frequency of correct result in patient with disease
Sensitivity
TP/all sick *100
86 terms
Clinical Pathology
Two ways of collecting blood samples
What is a whole blood sample?
Advantages/disadvantages of heparin
Advantages/disadvantages of oxalates
Needle/syringe, vacutainer system
A blood sample that has an anticoagulant added so it will not…
Advantages: least effect on RBCs, preserves them well... Disadva…
Advantages: some clotting tests... Disadvantages: causes shrinka…
Two ways of collecting blood samples
Needle/syringe, vacutainer system
What is a whole blood sample?
A blood sample that has an anticoagulant added so it will not…
59 terms
Clinical pathology
RTT
SST
BUN
IU/L
Red top tube
Serum separator tube
Blood urea nitrogen
International units per liter
RTT
Red top tube
SST
Serum separator tube
120 terms
Clinical Pathology: Leukocytes
Leukogram
Granulocytes... (give examples)
-philia/-osis
-penia
Complete set of numerical and morphological data related to l…
Leukocytes with granules within the cytoplasm ... (neutrophils,…
Increase in blood concentrations
Decrease in blood concentrations
Leukogram
Complete set of numerical and morphological data related to l…
Granulocytes... (give examples)
Leukocytes with granules within the cytoplasm ... (neutrophils,…
111 terms
Clinical Pathology
evaluation of patient condition by way…
hematology
clinical chemistry
urinalysis
clinical pathology
study of blood
concerned with analysis of body fluids (blood serum)
breakdown of urine
evaluation of patient condition by way…
clinical pathology
hematology
study of blood
355 terms
Clinical Pathology I Final
trauma
3 days
Shock
1) Petechia... 2) Ecchymosis
the most common cause of hemorrhage is-
signs of regeneration after acute blood loss will not occur f…
this is a condition of cardiovascular peripheral circulatory…
what are two signs of platelet clotting abnormalities that ca…
trauma
the most common cause of hemorrhage is-
3 days
signs of regeneration after acute blood loss will not occur f…
138 terms
Clinical Pathology
-penia
-philia
-cytosis
Serum
Decrease
Increase
Increase
Non-cellular portion of clotted blood (without coagulation fa…
-penia
Decrease
-philia
Increase
18 terms
Clinical Pathology
What is the difference between serum a…
What type of blood sample should be co…
What anticoagulant, if any, each "colo…
What is packed cell volume and how wou…
SERUM is the non-cellular portion of clotted blood and PLASMA…
a) serum... b) plasma... c) whole blood
a) Red - none, biochemistry, endocrine tests (serum)... b) Purpl…
the percentage of erythrocytes (RBC) in blood. If a blood sam…
What is the difference between serum a…
SERUM is the non-cellular portion of clotted blood and PLASMA…
What type of blood sample should be co…
a) serum... b) plasma... c) whole blood
9 terms
Clinical Pathology
18219 - Five days after an appendicect…
18274 - You are asked to see a patient…
18268 - A 40-year-old man is confused…
887 - A 45 year old patient has an ele…
C
A
C
A
18219 - Five days after an appendicect…
C
18274 - You are asked to see a patient…
A
85 terms
Clinical Pathology Test 1
Acanthocytes
Basophilic Stippling
Cadocytes/Target Cells/leptocytes
Dacrocyte
uneven Projections on RBC
Acanthocytes
uneven Projections on RBC
Basophilic Stippling
104 terms
Clinical Pathology Lecture EXAM 1
Name the RBC inclusions (5 types)
You counted 18 nRBC during your 100 co…
Why do you need to correct the WBC cou…
What stain is needed to identify a ret…
- nRBC, basophilic stippling, Howell-Jolly Bodies, Heinz bodi…
15,254
Becuase the hematology analyzer mistakenly counts nRBCs as al…
New Methylene Blue
Name the RBC inclusions (5 types)
- nRBC, basophilic stippling, Howell-Jolly Bodies, Heinz bodi…
You counted 18 nRBC during your 100 co…
15,254
64 terms
Clinical Pathology: Clinical Chemistry
Evaluation of Renal Function
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
Creatinine
Serum Phosphorus Concentration
...
- Decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR) results in incre…
- Elevation indicates that < 25% of functioning renal mass re…
- Increase is not seen until > 85% of nephrons are nonfuction…
Evaluation of Renal Function
...
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
- Decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR) results in incre…
64 terms
Clinical Pathology: Clinical Chemistry
Evaluation of Renal Function
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
Creatinine
Serum Phosphorus Concentration
...
- Decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR) results in incre…
- Elevation indicates that < 25% of functioning renal mass re…
- Increase is not seen until > 85% of nephrons are nonfuction…
Evaluation of Renal Function
...
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
- Decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR) results in incre…
16 terms
Clinical Pathology
Cellular injury
Ischemia
Apoptosis
Liquefactive Necrosis
Often results from hypoxia or a short period of anoxia
Lack of blood supply to an area that may cause hypoxia or ano…
Cell death due to limit of programmed life
Dead cells liquefy to form pus
Cellular injury
Often results from hypoxia or a short period of anoxia
Ischemia
Lack of blood supply to an area that may cause hypoxia or ano…
36 terms
Clinical pathology
Serology
Sample
Urea
Spectrophotometer
Study of serum
A specimen collected for analysis
Found in urine
Measuring light intensity
Serology
Study of serum
Sample
A specimen collected for analysis
48 terms
Clinical pathology
Red top tube
Serum separater
Blood urea nitrogen
International unit per liter
RTT
SST
BUN
IU/L
Red top tube
RTT
Serum separater
SST
49 terms
Clinical pathology
Rtt
Sst
Bun
IU/L
Red top tube
Serum separator tube
Blood urea nitrogen
International units per liter
Rtt
Red top tube
Sst
Serum separator tube
49 terms
Clinical Pathology
serology
sample
urea
spectrophotometer
study of serum and the reactions of antigens and antibodies
a specimen collected for analysis
chief nitrogenous end product of protein metabolism; found in…
an apparatus measuring the intensity of light that passes thr…
serology
study of serum and the reactions of antigens and antibodies
sample
a specimen collected for analysis
11 terms
Clinical pathology
Blood, serum, plasma
Differences in horse haematology
Neutrophils
Neutrophilia
Once allowed to clot ... - Centrifuge- serum, No clotting protei…
Effected by breed ... - Lower in cold bloods ... Huge RBC reserve…
50-70% of RBCs ... Circulating or marginated... When sudden high de…
Chronic or mild inflammation or infection ... Excitement and str…
Blood, serum, plasma
Once allowed to clot ... - Centrifuge- serum, No clotting protei…
Differences in horse haematology
Effected by breed ... - Lower in cold bloods ... Huge RBC reserve…
20 terms
Clinical Pathology
What is clinical pathology?
CBC
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
It is the evaluation of a patients condition by way of analys…
Complete blood count
red blood cells
white blood cell
What is clinical pathology?
It is the evaluation of a patients condition by way of analys…
CBC
Complete blood count
29 terms
clinical pathology
CBC
erythrocytes
leukocytes
thrombocytes
complete blood cell count
red blood cells
white blood cells
platelets
CBC
complete blood cell count
erythrocytes
red blood cells
24 terms
Clinical pathology
Cholestasis
Serology
Spectrophotometer
Urease
Obstruction or suppression of bile flow
The study of serum and the reactions of antigens and antibodies
An apparatus of measuring light sense by means of a spectrum
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of urea to form ammon…
Cholestasis
Obstruction or suppression of bile flow
Serology
The study of serum and the reactions of antigens and antibodies
30 terms
Clinical pathology
Serology
Sample
Urea
Spectrophotometer
Study of serum and the reactions of antigens and antibodies
A specimen collected for analysis
Chief nitrogenous end product of proteins metabolism; found i…
An apparatus measuring the intensity of the light that passes…
Serology
Study of serum and the reactions of antigens and antibodies
Sample
A specimen collected for analysis
54 terms
Clinical Pathology
Hematology
Whole Blood Sample
Common Anticoagulants used:
Heparin
The study of blood
-A blood sample that has an anticoagulant added so it will no…
-Heparin... -Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetic Acid (EDTA)... -Oxalates…
-Green tubes... -Naturally occurring... -Dont use for CBC (staining…
Hematology
The study of blood
Whole Blood Sample
-A blood sample that has an anticoagulant added so it will no…
Clinical Pathology
Disease
Pathology
pathophysiology
pathogenesis
impairment of the health, condition or normal functioning of…
the study of disease
the study of the physiologic processes of a disease
the pattern of development of a disease
Disease
impairment of the health, condition or normal functioning of…
Pathology
the study of disease
clinical pathology
lymphocytosis
Pseudolymphocytosis
Excitement/Physiologic (epinephrine)
Chronic Inflammation
1. Pseudolymphocytosis... 2. Excitement/Physiologic... 3. Chronic i…
<1 year old + Adult RI... higher lymphycyte counts... lower red cel…
increased CO, increased SV, increased blood flow through capi…
results from chronic antigenic stimulation (results in hyperp…
lymphocytosis
1. Pseudolymphocytosis... 2. Excitement/Physiologic... 3. Chronic i…
Pseudolymphocytosis
<1 year old + Adult RI... higher lymphycyte counts... lower red cel…
39 terms
Clinical Pathology
aetiology
idiopathic, cryptogenic, essential
pathogenesis
incidence
disease's underlying cause
disease with unknown cause
manifestation of a disease
number of new cases of a disease diagnosed over a certain per…
aetiology
disease's underlying cause
idiopathic, cryptogenic, essential
disease with unknown cause
30 terms
Clinical Pathology
erythrocytes
leukocytes
thrombocytes
CBC =
red blood cells
white blood cell
platelets
complete blood count
erythrocytes
red blood cells
leukocytes
white blood cell
62 terms
Clinical pathology
Enzymes
Isoenzymes
True
Increased release from damaged cell... In…
Protein that catalyze chemical reactions
Have different enzyme structure but catalyze the same chemica…
Enzyme present does not necessarily usual damage will increas…
Mechanisms of serum enzyme activity increases
Enzymes
Protein that catalyze chemical reactions
Isoenzymes
Have different enzyme structure but catalyze the same chemica…
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