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Study sets matching "clinical veterinary"

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Study sets matching "clinical veterinary"

126 terms
Veterinary Clinical Skills Midterm
At what week interval do puppies and k…
Describe the weight gain of puppies an…
At what age can puppies voluntarily pe…
At what age do puppies and kittens ope…
Weeks 1-3... Passive systemic immunity from colustrum... Passive lo…
Puppies: should gain 8% body weight during week one. 6% week…
Pups cannot voluntarily pee/poop until week 3. ... They should h…
Eyes: open 7-14 days after birth... Ears: 13-17 days (puppies) 1…
At what week interval do puppies and k…
Weeks 1-3... Passive systemic immunity from colustrum... Passive lo…
Describe the weight gain of puppies an…
Puppies: should gain 8% body weight during week one. 6% week…
50 terms
Veterinary Clinical Chemistry: Electrolytes
What are the important electrolytes an…
What is the serum effect of vitamin D…
What is the general interpretation of…
What "fraction" are we most interested…
Ca2+, Mg2+, P... Na+, Cl, K+
Total Ca2+ representative of ...... Fractions... Protein influence…
Ionized Ca2+ because it is the form that is biologically acti…
What are the important electrolytes an…
Ca2+, Mg2+, P... Na+, Cl, K+
What is the serum effect of vitamin D…
70 terms
Clinical approach to veterinary oncology
What are the five objectives for stagi…
What diagnostic tool is a useful start…
What are the four primary advantages t…
`What are five important disadvantages…
1. Establish definitive histopathologic diagnosis ... 2. Establi…
Cytology! *cytopathology is essential to practice of veterina…
1. quick and easy... 2. minimally invasive... 3. cost effective... 4.…
1. small samples may not be representative... 2. cancer can be o…
What are the five objectives for stagi…
1. Establish definitive histopathologic diagnosis ... 2. Establi…
What diagnostic tool is a useful start…
Cytology! *cytopathology is essential to practice of veterina…
126 terms
Veterinary Clinical Skills Midterm
At what week interval do puppies and k…
Describe the weight gain of puppies an…
At what age can puppies voluntarily pe…
At what age do puppies and kittens ope…
Weeks 1-3... Passive systemic immunity from colustrum... Passive lo…
Puppies: should gain 8% body weight during week one. 6% week…
Pups cannot voluntarily pee/poop until week 3. ... They should h…
Eyes: open 7-14 days after birth... Ears: 13-17 days (puppies) 1…
At what week interval do puppies and k…
Weeks 1-3... Passive systemic immunity from colustrum... Passive lo…
Describe the weight gain of puppies an…
Puppies: should gain 8% body weight during week one. 6% week…
52 terms
interna----Clinical Chemistry, Veterinary
amyloclastic test
azotemia
bile
Cushings syndrome
method of measuring serum amylase by measuring the disappeara…
increased level of urea in blood samples
a fluid produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder t…
hyperactivity of adrenal cortices secondary to excessive pitu…
amyloclastic test
method of measuring serum amylase by measuring the disappeara…
azotemia
increased level of urea in blood samples
477 terms
Veterinary Clinical Practice
What circumstances should you consider…
Under what circumstances is thiopenton…
Of the injectable anaesthetics, which…
Why is it that the metabolism of propo…
Hypoproteinaemia, acidosis, canine neonates, anaemias, spleni…
Hypovolemia, sepsis, cardiac disease, renal and liver disease.
Thiopentone
They have no glucuronic acid pathway
What circumstances should you consider…
Hypoproteinaemia, acidosis, canine neonates, anaemias, spleni…
Under what circumstances is thiopenton…
Hypovolemia, sepsis, cardiac disease, renal and liver disease.
31 terms
Veterinary Clinical Reasoning Terms
polyuria
polydipsia
Blepharospasm
Miosis
over urination (one big stream)
over drinking (really thirsty)
looks like it's winking, usually something is in its eye
smaller pupil
polyuria
over urination (one big stream)
polydipsia
over drinking (really thirsty)
34 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology II
Packed Cell Volume, The packed cell vo…
1.015 - 1.045
1.035 - 1.060
5.2 - 7.8
What is PCV?
Normal urine specific gravity for a dog?
Normal urine specific gravity for a cat?
Normal blood protein values for a dog?
Packed Cell Volume, The packed cell vo…
What is PCV?
1.015 - 1.045
Normal urine specific gravity for a dog?
131 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology (Week 3)
regenerative anemia, and non-regenerat…
True
Erythrocytes
Rouleaux Formation
There are two classifications of anemia. Name them.
True or False. Anemic pets must breath faster to keep their b…
What is pictured?
Horses red blood cells tend to "stack up", what is this called?
regenerative anemia, and non-regenerat…
There are two classifications of anemia. Name them.
True
True or False. Anemic pets must breath faster to keep their b…
91 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology (Week 6)
Symbiosis
Phoresis
Commensalism
Mutualism
Parasitology is a type of ____________?
What symbiosis relationship means "traveling together" or "to…
What symbiosis relationship is when one benefits and the othe…
What symbiosis relationship means that each member depends up…
Symbiosis
Parasitology is a type of ____________?
Phoresis
What symbiosis relationship means "traveling together" or "to…
117 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology (Week 4)
Basophil
Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) is the a…
The mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH),…
The mean corpuscular hemoglobin concen…
What is pictured?
Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)?
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH)?
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)?
Basophil
What is pictured?
Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) is the a…
Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)?
26 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology (Week 7)
Adequate pasture acreage Compost manur…
Blood worm... Most dangerous parasite of…
Adult Large Strongyle
Strongyle egg
Name some ways to prevent parasites in grazing livestock?
Strongylus vulgaris?
What is shown?
What is shown?
Adequate pasture acreage Compost manur…
Name some ways to prevent parasites in grazing livestock?
Blood worm... Most dangerous parasite of…
Strongylus vulgaris?
42 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology (Week 5)
Dirofilaria immitis
Ivermectin
The microfilaria have been killed by a…
The host's antibody response to the pa…
What organism causes heart worm disease in dogs and cats?
What microfilaricide is used to clear dog blood of mircofilar…
Why would an animal infected with heartworms not have any cir…
ELISA test kits detect
Dirofilaria immitis
What organism causes heart worm disease in dogs and cats?
Ivermectin
What microfilaricide is used to clear dog blood of mircofilar…
18 terms
Veterinary Clinical Terms
Parenteral
Inspissated
Intraosseous (IO)
Contraindicated
Taken into the body or administered in a manner other than th…
thicken or congeal.... "inspissated secretions"
Injection directly into the marrow of a bone to provide a non…
a condition that suggests or indicates that (a particular tec…
Parenteral
Taken into the body or administered in a manner other than th…
Inspissated
thicken or congeal.... "inspissated secretions"
54 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology-Clinical chemistry
Blood chemistry panel
Whole blood
Plasma
What happens when samples are hemolyzed?
Vital tool in diagnosing diseases.
Contains fluid and cells
fluid component of whole blood; 90% water 10% dissolved const…
Hemolysis can effect assay results
Blood chemistry panel
Vital tool in diagnosing diseases.
Whole blood
Contains fluid and cells
84 terms
Veterinary Clinical Chemistry: Hepatobiliary System
What are the three types of abnormalit…
T/F: Magnitude of increase does correl…
T/F: Cell response to injury is swelli…
What abnormality may occur as a result…
1. Hepatobiliary injury ... 2. Cholestasis... 3. Decreased function…
False. Magnitude of increase does NOT correlate w/ severity o…
Blebs ... True.
Secondary cholestasis (e.g., injured hepatocytes often underg…
What are the three types of abnormalit…
1. Hepatobiliary injury ... 2. Cholestasis... 3. Decreased function…
T/F: Magnitude of increase does correl…
False. Magnitude of increase does NOT correlate w/ severity o…
18 terms
Veterinary Clinical Chemistry: Muscle Clinical Pathology
Describe the biochemistry of CK, CPK.
T/F: Total CK should only be run in ve…
Under what conditions would running to…
What are the "special considerations"…
True.
1. Myositis, polymyositis (i.e., infectious, immune-mediated)…
1. Highly sensitive (e.g., IM injections, shipping, "downers"…
Describe the biochemistry of CK, CPK.
T/F: Total CK should only be run in ve…
True.
26 terms
Veterinary Clinical Chemistry: Biochemical Profiling
What is clinical chemistry?
What is a reference interval?
What criteria must be considered in th…
What are the two most common potential…
The analysis of body substances and interpretation of resulti…
An interval of values in which the majority of healthy pa…
1) ID selection criteria (e.g., healthy, same species, etc.)…
1) Healthy ... 2) Species (i.e., same species)
What is clinical chemistry?
The analysis of body substances and interpretation of resulti…
What is a reference interval?
An interval of values in which the majority of healthy pa…
38 terms
Veterinary Clinical Chemistry: Anion Gap
What chemical constituents make up the…
What chemical constituents make up the…
What chemical constituents make up the…
What chemical constituents make up the…
BUN... Creatinine ... Urine SG... Complete urinalysis (i.e., physical,…
Electrolytes: Ca2+, P, Mg2+, Na+, K+, Cl-... Acid-base: TCO2, an…
TCO2... Anion gap... Cl-... Primary profile ID the disorder
Other electrolytes: Na+, K+... Urine pH... Secondary profile confi…
What chemical constituents make up the…
BUN... Creatinine ... Urine SG... Complete urinalysis (i.e., physical,…
What chemical constituents make up the…
Electrolytes: Ca2+, P, Mg2+, Na+, K+, Cl-... Acid-base: TCO2, an…
35 terms
interna----Clinical Chemistry, Veterinary
electrolytes
hyperchloremia
hypernatremia
hyperphosphatemia
ions capable of carrying an electric charge
excess chloride in the blood
excessive sodium in the blood
excess phosphates in the blood
electrolytes
ions capable of carrying an electric charge
hyperchloremia
excess chloride in the blood
13 terms
Veterinary Clinical Exams
Arrhythmia
Auscultation
Bradycardia
Cyanosis
Fluctuations in the heart rate
The use of a stethoscope to listen to sounds produced by the…
A decrease post rates seen most commonly with electrolyte in…
A bluish discoloration of the skin, resulting from an adequat…
Arrhythmia
Fluctuations in the heart rate
Auscultation
The use of a stethoscope to listen to sounds produced by the…
53 terms
Veterinary Clinical Procedures II Fluid Therapy
Fluid Therapy
Physiology
TBW
Extracellular Fluid
-Used primarily to correct:... 1. Fluid Deficits... 2. Electrolyte…
-Fluid in the body is either in a cell or outside a cell.... -Ma…
-Total Body Water... -Spread across:... 1. Extracellular fluid: (16…
-Sub-divided:... 1. Interstitial Fluid (Fluid outside of the blo…
Fluid Therapy
-Used primarily to correct:... 1. Fluid Deficits... 2. Electrolyte…
Physiology
-Fluid in the body is either in a cell or outside a cell.... -Ma…
67 terms
Clinical Veterinary Language ch15
Theri/o
Genit/o
Orch/o orchi/o orchid/o test/o
Crypt/o
Animal/wild beast
Reproduction/sex organs
Testicles
Hidden
Theri/o
Animal/wild beast
Genit/o
Reproduction/sex organs
49 terms
Pavez - Intro to Clinical Veterinary Anesthesia
reduce... increase
appropriate anesthetic candidate
signalment... history... physical exam... labor…
12 hours prior
The purpose of balanced anesthesia (combo of drugs and techni…
The purpose of a patient assessment is to determine if it is…
5 components of patient assessment
For how long should you fast an animal prior to anesthesia in…
reduce... increase
The purpose of balanced anesthesia (combo of drugs and techni…
appropriate anesthetic candidate
The purpose of a patient assessment is to determine if it is…
21 terms
Veterinary Clinical Chemistry: Exam I "Red Flags"
What is "adequate" urine concentration?
What are the caveats to the urine prot…
What are the six mechanisms/sources of…
What is the primary interpretation of…
Minimum SG that is consistently attained in healthy animals w…
Assay ID protein, NOT its origin!! If proteinuria can be expl…
1. Hemorrhage... 2. Inflammation ... 3. Pre-renal: Physiologic prot…
Cholestasis... Hemolytic dz (i.e., Not a DIRECT effect!!)... +/- D…
What is "adequate" urine concentration?
Minimum SG that is consistently attained in healthy animals w…
What are the caveats to the urine prot…
Assay ID protein, NOT its origin!! If proteinuria can be expl…
83 terms
Hematology & Hemostasis Veterinary Clinical Lab
Hematology
functions of blood
components of blood
hematopoiesis
the study of blood
carries nutrients, oxygen & waste... essential in water & electr…
Plasma - Fluid - clotting factors... Erythrocytes - RBCs... Thrombo…
production of blood cells and platelets... *all blood cells aris…
Hematology
the study of blood
functions of blood
carries nutrients, oxygen & waste... essential in water & electr…
73 terms
Hematology & Hemostasis Veterinary Clinical Lab
fibrinogen
citrates
normal hydration
anemia
clotting factor; removing fibrinogen from plasma leaves a flu…
combines insoluably with calcium... used for specific clotting p…
PCV= 50%... 50% of sample is fluid, 50% is cells... a 10 ml sample…
reduced number of circulating RBC's = reduced PCV = reduced h…
fibrinogen
clotting factor; removing fibrinogen from plasma leaves a flu…
citrates
combines insoluably with calcium... used for specific clotting p…
79 terms
Clinical Veterinary Language Ch. 13
antagonistic
circadian rhythm
endorphin
gland
acting in oppostion
biological cycles that occur at approximately 24-hr intervals
a compound produced in the brain and in other body tissues th…
a group of specialized cells in the body that produce and sec…
antagonistic
acting in oppostion
circadian rhythm
biological cycles that occur at approximately 24-hr intervals
139 terms
Clinical Veterinary Language Ch. 15
orch/o... orchi/o... orchid/o... test/o
orchectomy/orchiectomy
orchialgia
orchidotomy
testicle
surgical removal of a testicle
pain in the testicle
surgical incision into a testicle
orch/o... orchi/o... orchid/o... test/o
testicle
orchectomy/orchiectomy
surgical removal of a testicle
104 terms
Clinical Veterinary Language ch 1
Feline
Tom
Sire
Queen
Cat
Intact male feline, not castrated/neutered.... Intact male turkey
Male parent of his offspring.
Intact female feline, can give birth.
Feline
Cat
Tom
Intact male feline, not castrated/neutered.... Intact male turkey
113 terms
Veterinary Clinical Language Ch 10
Prehension
Mastication
Digestion
Omni-
Gathering food
Mechanical digestion
Chemical breakdown of food particles into simpler chemical co…
All, every
Prehension
Gathering food
Mastication
Mechanical digestion
83 terms
Hematology & Hemostasis Veterinary Clinical Lab
Hematology
functions of blood
components of blood
hematopoiesis
the study of blood
carries nutrients, oxygen & waste... essential in water & electr…
Plasma - Fluid - clotting factors... Erythrocytes - RBCs... Thrombo…
production of blood cells and platelets... *all blood cells aris…
Hematology
the study of blood
functions of blood
carries nutrients, oxygen & waste... essential in water & electr…
111 terms
Clinical Veterinary Language Ch. 14
ren/o... nephr/o
renogram
nephroblastoma
ur/o... -uria
kidney
record made of the kidney; eg an xray, or a record of the exc…
rapidly developing tumor of the kidneys made up of embryonic…
urine
ren/o... nephr/o
kidney
renogram
record made of the kidney; eg an xray, or a record of the exc…
233 terms
Clinical Veterinary Language Ch. 10
omni-
omnivision
-vore
omnivore
all, every
seeing everything or perceiving all things
eat, devour, swallow
animal that eats all kinds of plants and animals
omni-
all, every
omnivision
seeing everything or perceiving all things
153 terms
Clinical Veterinary Language Ch. 3
Median Plane
Medial
Lateral
rostral
runs down center of body lengthwise and divides into equal le…
Toward the median plane
away from the median plane
toward the tip of the nose
Median Plane
runs down center of body lengthwise and divides into equal le…
Medial
Toward the median plane
257 terms
Clinical Veterinary Language Ch. 5
endoskeleton
exoskeleton
osteocytes
osteoblasts
skeleton located beneath the skin of an animal
skeleton located on the outside of the animal (ticks, insects…
bone cells
bone-forming cells
endoskeleton
skeleton located beneath the skin of an animal
exoskeleton
skeleton located on the outside of the animal (ticks, insects…
79 terms
Clinical Veterinary Language Ch. 2
Zoology
Zoonosis/Zoonotic
Enzootic
Epizootic
study of animal life
disease transmitted from animals to humans
Disease found in nearly every animal of a species within a li…
Disease that appears suddenly and spreads rapidly over a larg…
Zoology
study of animal life
Zoonosis/Zoonotic
disease transmitted from animals to humans
162 terms
Clinical Veterinary Language Ch. 4
dermat/o... derm/o... cor/o... cutane/o
dermatologist
hypodermic
corium
skin
specialist in the study of skin
(needle) inject material under the skin
the dermis layer of skin
dermat/o... derm/o... cor/o... cutane/o
skin
dermatologist
specialist in the study of skin
75 terms
Veterinary Clinical Procedures - Test 1
Blue, red, green, lavendar
Lithium heparin, sodium heparin
Equine
Sodium tests
What is the official order for filling blood tubes?
What are the two different anticoagulants a green top tube ma…
The blood of which species takes ~30 minutes to clot?
The sodium heparin in a GTT can interfere with what type of t…
Blue, red, green, lavendar
What is the official order for filling blood tubes?
Lithium heparin, sodium heparin
What are the two different anticoagulants a green top tube ma…
35 terms
Veterinary Clinical Methods 1 - Restraint
What are the 3 principles of restraint?
What is the most common reason for law…
What is the vein used for venipuncture…
What is the vein most often used for l…
1. Control the animal for the entire procedure... 2. Prevent ani…
Owner injury, often by their own pet
Cephalic vein
Jugular vein
What are the 3 principles of restraint?
1. Control the animal for the entire procedure... 2. Prevent ani…
What is the most common reason for law…
Owner injury, often by their own pet
11 terms
Veterinary Clinical Methods 1 - Grooming
What are a few reasons to bathe/groom…
What is a simple 3 ingredient skunk sp…
What is the "medical approach" to scie…
What are 2 procedures an orogastric tu…
Ectoparasites, dermatological problems, better recovery time,…
1. Dawn dish soap... 2. Hydrogen peroxide... 3. Baking soda
1. Collect data... 2. Interpret data... 3. Implement plan... 4. Evalua…
1. Lavage or emptying the stomach... 2. Administering activated…
What are a few reasons to bathe/groom…
Ectoparasites, dermatological problems, better recovery time,…
What is a simple 3 ingredient skunk sp…
1. Dawn dish soap... 2. Hydrogen peroxide... 3. Baking soda
65 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology (Week 2)
What temp do pathological organisms ty…
Name two types of centrifuges
What does a refractometer measure?
How do you adjust a refractometer?
37 degrees Celcius
Horizontal and angle
refractive index
A screw on it as directed
What temp do pathological organisms ty…
37 degrees Celcius
Name two types of centrifuges
Horizontal and angle
10 terms
Veterinary Clinical Chemistry: Endocrine Pancreas
What is the classic clinical presentat…
What is the significance of the labora…
What is the significance of the labora…
What is the significance of the labora…
~8 yrs. old (dogs), ~11 yrs. old (cats)... Female... P-P-P-W... *In s…
Diabetes mellitus (+/- increased AG, ketoacidosis)
Persistent hyperglycemia:... Diabetes mellitus (common)... Cushing'…
Excitement/fear in ...... Cats = < 300 mg/dL... Moribund horses and…
What is the classic clinical presentat…
~8 yrs. old (dogs), ~11 yrs. old (cats)... Female... P-P-P-W... *In s…
What is the significance of the labora…
Diabetes mellitus (+/- increased AG, ketoacidosis)
10 terms
Veterinary Clinical Chemistry: Adrenal Gland
What are the three classifications of…
What is the typical presentation of Cu…
What is the typical presentation of Cu…
What is the typical presentation of Cu…
1. Pituitary-dependent (most common)... 2. Adrenal-dependent ... 3.…
Middle-aged to older ... PU/PD... Polyphagia... Bilaterally symmetric…
Uncommon in cats vs. dogs... Especially thin skin (i.e., increas…
Primarily due to adenomas of pituitary pars intermedia ... *Hirs…
What are the three classifications of…
1. Pituitary-dependent (most common)... 2. Adrenal-dependent ... 3.…
What is the typical presentation of Cu…
Middle-aged to older ... PU/PD... Polyphagia... Bilaterally symmetric…
10 terms
Veterinary Clinical Chemistry: Thyroid Gland
In hypoproteinemic patients, the total…
What is the typical clinical presentat…
What clinical laboratory data supports…
What are the follow-up tests for hyper…
Decreased ... *99% of serum thyroid hormone (T4, T3) are protei…
Common in cats vs. dogs (i.e., hyperplasia, adenoma most comm…
~50% of cats w/ polycythemia (i.e., increased oxidative metab…
Resting T4 levels ... Palpation of neck (i.e., enlarged glands)…
In hypoproteinemic patients, the total…
Decreased ... *99% of serum thyroid hormone (T4, T3) are protei…
What is the typical clinical presentat…
Common in cats vs. dogs (i.e., hyperplasia, adenoma most comm…
6 terms
Veterinary Clinical Pathology III (Week 5)
These are keratin loving fungi that ca…
Microsporum canis
Microsporum canis
miconazole nitrate 2%
What are Dermatophytes?
Most veterinary Dermatophytes will be what species?
What is this?
What is a common over the counter ringworm treatment?
These are keratin loving fungi that ca…
What are Dermatophytes?
Microsporum canis
Most veterinary Dermatophytes will be what species?
8 terms
Veterinary Clinical Chemistry: Biochemical Profiles
What chemical constituents make up the…
What chemical constituents indicate he…
What chemical constituents make up the…
What chemical constituents make up the…
Primary profile: BUN, creatinine, UA... Electrolytes: Ca2+, P, M…
Hepatocellular injury: ALT, AST (small animals ONLY), SDH (la…
Primary profile: CK... Secondary profile: AST, K+, urine (occult…
Primary profile: Amylase, lipase, primary renal panel... Seconda…
What chemical constituents make up the…
Primary profile: BUN, creatinine, UA... Electrolytes: Ca2+, P, M…
What chemical constituents indicate he…
Hepatocellular injury: ALT, AST (small animals ONLY), SDH (la…
37 terms
Ch. 4 Clinical Veterinary Language
dermat/o, derm/o, cor/o, cutane/o
melan/o
kerat/o
onych/o
skin
black, dark
hard, horn-like tissue
claw, nail
dermat/o, derm/o, cor/o, cutane/o
skin
melan/o
black, dark
66 terms
Ch. 10 Clinical Veterinary Language
omni-
-vore
herbi-
carni-
all, every
eat, devour, swallow
plant, green crop
flesh, meat
omni-
all, every
-vore
eat, devour, swallow
86 terms
Clinical Veterinary Language Ch. 11
neur/o
neuropathy
dendr/o
dendroid
nerve, nervous system
disease of nerves
tree, dendrite
something resembling a tree with many branches, e.g., the den…
neur/o
nerve, nervous system
neuropathy
disease of nerves
1 of 10