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Study sets matching "cloning"

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Study sets matching "cloning"

6 terms
cloning
Stem cells
Adult stem cells
Embryonic stem cells
Differentiated cells
cells with no special job
partly unspecialized
no special job
cells with a specific job
Stem cells
cells with no special job
Adult stem cells
partly unspecialized
23 terms
Cloning
iconoclastic
octogenarian
deluged
elude
attacking cherished traditions
a person who is between 80 and 90 years old
flooded or overwhelmed
to escape from, as by daring or skill; to escape the understa…
iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions
octogenarian
a person who is between 80 and 90 years old
Cloning
insemination
in vitro
nucleus
enucleate
putting semen / seed into a female organism
artificially, in a lab
a central part, the core
remove the nucleus
insemination
putting semen / seed into a female organism
in vitro
artificially, in a lab
12 terms
Cloning
Adult Stem Cells
Embryonic Stem Cells
Invitro fertilization
Therapeutic Cloning
Cells present in adult tissues that generate replacement cells.
Cells of an embryo that have not differentiated.
fertilization that takes place outside a females' body,
Nuclear transplantation of a patient's own DNA to make stem c…
Adult Stem Cells
Cells present in adult tissues that generate replacement cells.
Embryonic Stem Cells
Cells of an embryo that have not differentiated.
21 terms
Cloning
therapeutic cloning
reproductive cloning
cloning
stem cell
nuclear transplantation of a patient's own cells to make an o…
the reproductive cloning of a sentient human being
a general term for the research activity that creates a copy…
an undifferentiated cell whose daughter cells may differentia…
therapeutic cloning
nuclear transplantation of a patient's own cells to make an o…
reproductive cloning
the reproductive cloning of a sentient human being
8 terms
Cloning
Selective Breeding
Inbreeding
Hybridization
Clone
The process of selecting a few organisms with desired traits…
A selective breeding method in which two individuals with ide…
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
An organism that is genetically identical to the organism fro…
Selective Breeding
The process of selecting a few organisms with desired traits…
Inbreeding
A selective breeding method in which two individuals with ide…
35 terms
cloning
factory
conveyor belt
bare-chested
underwear
usine
tapis roulant
torse nu
sous-vêtements
factory
usine
conveyor belt
tapis roulant
16 terms
Cloning
implantation
stem cells
artificial insemination
genetic engineering
The burrowing of a blastocyst (a developing embryo) into the…
unspecialized cells that retain the ability to become a wide…
introduction of semen into the vagina by artificial means
process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
implantation
The burrowing of a blastocyst (a developing embryo) into the…
stem cells
unspecialized cells that retain the ability to become a wide…
21 terms
Cloning
therapeutic cloning
reproductive cloning
cloning
stem cell
nuclear transplantation of a patient's own cells to make an o…
the reproductive cloning of a sentient human being
a general term for the research activity that creates a copy…
an undifferentiated cell whose daughter cells may differentia…
therapeutic cloning
nuclear transplantation of a patient's own cells to make an o…
reproductive cloning
the reproductive cloning of a sentient human being
14 terms
Cloning
Cloning
Clones
Reproductive Cloning
Therapeutic Cloning
Making genetic copies of cells, tissues, organs, or organisms.
cells, tissues, organs, or organisms which contain exactly th…
making genetic copies of entire organisms.
making genetic copies of tissues or organs to replace damaged…
Cloning
Making genetic copies of cells, tissues, organs, or organisms.
Clones
cells, tissues, organs, or organisms which contain exactly th…
16 terms
cloning
Therapeutic cloning (cloning which is…
Reproductive cloning (performed for th…
Tissue
It's unethical
La clonación terapéutica
La clonación reproductiva
El tejido
No es ético
Therapeutic cloning (cloning which is…
La clonación terapéutica
Reproductive cloning (performed for th…
La clonación reproductiva
29 terms
Cloning
experimentar
los genes
clonar / la clonación (humana)
modificar
to experience/experiment
genes
to clone / (human) cloning
to modify
experimentar
to experience/experiment
los genes
genes
5 terms
Cloning
asexual reproduction
fission
budding
regenaration
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
A nuclear reaction in which a massive nucleus splits into sma…
A form of asexual reproduction of yeast in which a new cell g…
____________, a new organism grows from just a part of the pa…
asexual reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
fission
A nuclear reaction in which a massive nucleus splits into sma…
15 terms
cloning
reproductive cloning
therapeutic cloning
motives for reproductive cloning
dolly was cloning attempt what
to make babies... stimulates cells to divide in petri dish and t…
used to make cells... embryos grown in petri dish and dismantled…
reproductive choose... rights... fame/fortune
277
reproductive cloning
to make babies... stimulates cells to divide in petri dish and t…
therapeutic cloning
used to make cells... embryos grown in petri dish and dismantled…
10 terms
Cloning
Totipotent stem cells
Pluripotent stem cells
Multipotent stem cells
How many days after fertilization are…
Cells able to give rise to all embryonic somatic cells and ge…
Cells are descendants of totipotent stem cells and can give r…
These produce cells of a particular lineage or closely relate…
5-7
Totipotent stem cells
Cells able to give rise to all embryonic somatic cells and ge…
Pluripotent stem cells
Cells are descendants of totipotent stem cells and can give r…
Cloning
Clone
Natural Clones
Cloning plants methods
Cloning animals methods
Genetically identical organism produced from a single parent…
Bacteria; binary fission. Yeast cells; budding. Some plants;…
Cuttings and micropropogation
Embryo cloning and nuclear transplant.
Clone
Genetically identical organism produced from a single parent…
Natural Clones
Bacteria; binary fission. Yeast cells; budding. Some plants;…
26 terms
Cloning
What are clones in nature?
What are the advantages of asexual rep…
What are the disadvantages of asexual…
How does asexual reproduction occur in…
- Identical twins (zygote splitting into two)... - Asexual repro…
- Quick takes advantage of resources.... - Possible where sexual…
- No genetic variation so any weakness from parent will be in…
- Mitosis... - DNA replication... - Nuclei form 2 daughter cells/ n…
What are clones in nature?
- Identical twins (zygote splitting into two)... - Asexual repro…
What are the advantages of asexual rep…
- Quick takes advantage of resources.... - Possible where sexual…
18 terms
Cloning
Restriction enzymes
THE PROCESS
5' overhangs - restriction enzymes
5' overhangs picture
cut DNA at restriction sites, breaks only palindrome sequence…
gene of interest is cut out with restriction enzyme, sticky e…
cuts dna at palindrome, 5' end strands sticking out
Restriction enzymes
cut DNA at restriction sites, breaks only palindrome sequence…
THE PROCESS
gene of interest is cut out with restriction enzyme, sticky e…
28 terms
Cloning
reproductive technology
therapeutic cloning
infertile couples
produce a baby with the same DNA
reproduziernde Technologie
therapeutisches Klonen
unfruchtbare Paare
ein Baby mit der gleichen DNA produzieren
reproductive technology
reproduziernde Technologie
therapeutic cloning
therapeutisches Klonen
10 terms
Cloning
Step one
Step two
Step three
Step four
Take a body cell from the animal you are cloning
Take an egg cell from the donner
Remove the nucleus from the body cell
Remove the nucleus from the egg cell
Step one
Take a body cell from the animal you are cloning
Step two
Take an egg cell from the donner
13 terms
Cloning
What are restriction enzymes?
What do restriction enzymes recognize?…
Explain why... e.g., EcoRI will cut ... 5'C…
Describe gel electrophoresis
- endonucleases that exist naturally in... prokaryotes... -in the n…
Type II REN (Restriction EndoNucleases)... recognize inverted pa…
EcoRI looks for the GA at the start and end, in the later ver…
Gel electrophoresis distinguishes... DNA fragments according to…
What are restriction enzymes?
- endonucleases that exist naturally in... prokaryotes... -in the n…
What do restriction enzymes recognize?…
Type II REN (Restriction EndoNucleases)... recognize inverted pa…
14 terms
cloning
how do potato plants clone?
How do strawberry and spider plants cl…
what are the stages of cloning?
what are the ethical issues?
they produce "tubers" which grow into new plants.
produce long stems with tiny plants on end. these "runners" c…
1. remove diploid nucleus (DNA) from body cell of pig 1... 2. re…
it goes wrong a lot and can harm life.
how do potato plants clone?
they produce "tubers" which grow into new plants.
How do strawberry and spider plants cl…
produce long stems with tiny plants on end. these "runners" c…
Cloning
Historically, genetic disorders have b…
Two broad categories therapy would inc…
The alteration of non-reproductive bod…
The resulting genetic changes will be…
True
a) germ-line gene therapy, c) somatic cell gene therapy
somatic cell gene therapy.
germ-line gene therapy
Historically, genetic disorders have b…
True
Two broad categories therapy would inc…
a) germ-line gene therapy, c) somatic cell gene therapy
Cloning
Artificial embryo twinning
Somatic cell nuclear transfer(SCNT)
Steps to cloning an organism using SCNT
Morula
-how identical twins are formed ... -only process that takes pla…
-SCNT uses body cells --they place the body cells in an egg c…
- isolate a somatic cell (body cell) from one donor and an eg…
A solid ball of cells that results from mitosis
Artificial embryo twinning
-how identical twins are formed ... -only process that takes pla…
Somatic cell nuclear transfer(SCNT)
-SCNT uses body cells --they place the body cells in an egg c…
26 terms
Cloning
What are clones in nature?
What are the advantages of asexual rep…
What are the disadvantages of asexual…
How does asexual reproduction occur in…
- Identical twins (zygote splitting into two)... - Asexual repro…
- Quick takes advantage of resources.... - Possible where sexual…
- No genetic variation so any weakness from parent will be in…
- Mitosis... - DNA replication... - Nuclei form 2 daughter cells/ n…
What are clones in nature?
- Identical twins (zygote splitting into two)... - Asexual repro…
What are the advantages of asexual rep…
- Quick takes advantage of resources.... - Possible where sexual…
8 terms
cloning
cloning
cloning
cloning
cloning
"National Human Genome Research Institute" Cloning fact sheet…
"Learn. Genetics" What is cloning. http://learn.genetics.utah…
Pence E. ,Gregory who's afraid of human cloning... ------------…
"free online encyclopedia" gene cloning. http://encyclopedia.…
cloning
"National Human Genome Research Institute" Cloning fact sheet…
cloning
"Learn. Genetics" What is cloning. http://learn.genetics.utah…
5 terms
Cloning
Cloning
Reproductive cloning
Nuclear transplantation
Nuclear transplantation
Process of producing similar populations of genetically ident…
The type of cloning that results in the birth of a new animal
Where the haploid nucleus of an egg is removed and replaced b…
What is animal cloning achieved through?
Cloning
Process of producing similar populations of genetically ident…
Reproductive cloning
The type of cloning that results in the birth of a new animal
41 terms
Cloning
le clonage
un but
un objectif
un morceau
the cloning
an aim
an objective
a piece
le clonage
the cloning
un but
an aim
25 terms
Cloning
Reproductive
Using embryonic stem cells to treat di…
Precise Genetic Copy
Somatic cell nuclear transfer
Is Human cloning reproductive or Therapeutic
Therapeutic cloning
Cloning
SCNT (Reproductive cloning)
Reproductive
Is Human cloning reproductive or Therapeutic
Using embryonic stem cells to treat di…
Therapeutic cloning
8 terms
Cloning
recombinant DNA cloning
therapeutic cloning
reproductive cloning
Dolly
cloning with bacteria
cloning used with stem cells
embryo splitting, somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), cloni…
first mammal cloned using a somatic cell nucleus, cloning eff…
recombinant DNA cloning
cloning with bacteria
therapeutic cloning
cloning used with stem cells
13 terms
cloning
cloning step 1
step 2
step 3
step 4
cloning vector is cleaved w/ restriction endonuclease
dna fragment of interest is obtained by cleaving chromosome w…
fragments are ligated to the prepared cloning vector
dna is introduced into host cell
cloning step 1
cloning vector is cleaved w/ restriction endonuclease
step 2
dna fragment of interest is obtained by cleaving chromosome w…
11 terms
Cloning
Clone
DNA Cloning Vector
Restriction Enzyme
DNA Ligase
Large number of identical cells or molecules from a single an…
Carrier DNA molecule that allows attached DNA to be replicate…
An enzyme that cuts DNA at specific sequences
An enzyme that can covalently link DNA molecules
Clone
Large number of identical cells or molecules from a single an…
DNA Cloning Vector
Carrier DNA molecule that allows attached DNA to be replicate…
24 terms
Cloning
research
Doppelgänger
to clone
multiply
Forschung
double
klonen
vervielfältigen
research
Forschung
Doppelgänger
double
12 terms
Cloning
Plants can be cloned using
Cloning is where
The benefits of growing plants by clon…
Animal cloning is
Tissue culture
A few plant cells are put in a growth medium with hormones
They can be grown quickly, ... in very little space ... and can be…
When an egg is fertilized artificially and the embryo is spli…
Plants can be cloned using
Tissue culture
Cloning is where
A few plant cells are put in a growth medium with hormones
23 terms
Cloning
Clones
Natural clones
Plant cloning
Animal cloning
Genetically identical organisms formed from a single parent a…
Bacteria - binary fission... Yeast - budding... Plants - bulb and t…
Cuttings... Micropropgation
Embryo cloning ... Nuclear transplants
Clones
Genetically identical organisms formed from a single parent a…
Natural clones
Bacteria - binary fission... Yeast - budding... Plants - bulb and t…
24 terms
CLoning
un but, un objectif
un problème éthique
un savant fou
un tube à essai
aim
ethical issue
mad scientist
test tube
un but, un objectif
aim
un problème éthique
ethical issue
8 terms
Cloning
Cloning
Adult cell cloning
Enucleation
Skin cell
A type of asexual reproduction.
Involves taking an unfertilised egg cell and removing the nuc…
A cell with the nucleus removed.
A nucleus is taken from another adult body cell which is dipl…
Cloning
A type of asexual reproduction.
Adult cell cloning
Involves taking an unfertilised egg cell and removing the nuc…
9 terms
Cloning
Vegetative Propagation
Cloned Organism
Callus
Explant
Production of structures in a plant that can grow into new of…
Organism that is genetically identical to its parent
Mass of undifferentiated cells produced during tissue culture
Small piece of plant tissue to be cloned
Vegetative Propagation
Production of structures in a plant that can grow into new of…
Cloned Organism
Organism that is genetically identical to its parent
10 terms
Cloning
Adult stem cell
Assisted reproductive technology
Blastocyst
Cell fusion
A stem cell from organs and tissues after birth (including um…
Fertility treatments that involve a laboratory handling eggs…
A pre-implantation embryo, approximately 5-7 days after conce…
Merging of two cells into one, creating a hybrid cell. The hy…
Adult stem cell
A stem cell from organs and tissues after birth (including um…
Assisted reproductive technology
Fertility treatments that involve a laboratory handling eggs…
8 terms
Cloning
Steen Willadsen
Dolly
Roslin Institute
Donor cell
This man conducted the first successful cloning using a sheep…
She was the first cloned sheep
This institution in Scotland cloned the first sheep.
The "parent" cell of a clone
Steen Willadsen
This man conducted the first successful cloning using a sheep…
Dolly
She was the first cloned sheep
10 terms
Cloning
clone
stem cells
totipotent cells
pluripotent cells
exact genetic copy of an organism
cells that have not differentiated
stem cells that can differentiate and form an entire organism
stem cells that can give rise to a related system
clone
exact genetic copy of an organism
stem cells
cells that have not differentiated
21 terms
Cloning
le clonage
un but
un morceau
un problème éthique
cloning
aim
a piece
ethical issue
le clonage
cloning
un but
aim
16 terms
Cloning
Advantages of animal cloning
Steps of somatic cell transfer
Concerns of cloning animals
Describe budding
Mass produce an animal with desirable traits. Reproduce a dec…
Removing the nucleus from an egg cell. Putting the nucleus fr…
Cloned populations have reduced genetic diversity so an envir…
When an organism forms a growth which develops into a new org…
Advantages of animal cloning
Mass produce an animal with desirable traits. Reproduce a dec…
Steps of somatic cell transfer
Removing the nucleus from an egg cell. Putting the nucleus fr…
11 terms
cloning
natural cloning
nuclear transfer
nuclear reprogramming
cloning efficiency
zygote initially divides; two cells separate and grow from th…
nucleus is taken out of an embryo cell; nucleus of cell to be…
changing epigenetic and transcriptional programme of a single…
proportion of cloned embryos transferred into surrogate mothe…
natural cloning
zygote initially divides; two cells separate and grow from th…
nuclear transfer
nucleus is taken out of an embryo cell; nucleus of cell to be…
28 terms
CLONING
клонирование
клонироать
клон
млекопитающее
cloning
to clone
a clone
mammal
клонирование
cloning
клонироать
to clone
39 terms
Cloning
forschen
die Forschung
darüber hinaus
Arbeit mit der Hand
to research
the research
beyond
manual work
forschen
to research
die Forschung
the research
16 terms
Cloning
1885
1928
1975
1995
1st cloned complex org.
1st learn nucleus controls cell
1st mammal cloning
1st attempt at creating laws to govern cloning
1885
1st cloned complex org.
1928
1st learn nucleus controls cell
Cloning
Clones are
Clones are created
Embryonic posted cells
Adult stem cells
Gentically identical to their parent
The haploid nucleus is removed from an egg cell, a diploid nu…
Can differentiate into any cell
Can only become a limited range of cells
Clones are
Gentically identical to their parent
Clones are created
The haploid nucleus is removed from an egg cell, a diploid nu…
28 terms
Cloning
recombinant DNA
clone
restriction enzymes
DNA methylase
DNA molecule with different parts originated from different s…
collection of anything that is identical to each other and pa…
DNA endonucleases... cut at certain sites of DNA if not methylated
methylates DNA at certain sites so that it won't get cut by i…
recombinant DNA
DNA molecule with different parts originated from different s…
clone
collection of anything that is identical to each other and pa…
33 terms
Cloning
to recreate
organ transplant
scientist
inevitable
újra előállít
szervátültetés
tudós
szükségszerű, elkerülhetetlen
to recreate
újra előállít
organ transplant
szervátültetés
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