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Study sets matching "cloning"

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Study sets matching "cloning"

9 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Definition
1. Made of Cells
Grow and develop
Organism regulate metabolic processes
Respond to stimuli
Basic unit of life... a. Plasma Membrane... i. Separate the cell fr…
a. Unicellular consume more... b. Multicellular make more cells…
a. Chemical activities... b. Energy use/ transformation... c. Metab…
Stimulus... i. Physical or chemical change in the immediate envi…
1. Made of Cells
Basic unit of life... a. Plasma Membrane... i. Separate the cell fr…
Grow and develop
a. Unicellular consume more... b. Multicellular make more cells…
29 termscreated on December 2, 2016
genetics final vocab
germ cells
somatic cells
ORF (open reading frame)
cDNA
cells that are inherited, make up gametes
any cell in organism that are not reproductive cells
region of dna that will be translated into amino acids which…
complementary DNA ... info about gene expression at a given tim…
germ cells
cells that are inherited, make up gametes
somatic cells
any cell in organism that are not reproductive cells
35 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Single Gene Disorders
What is Forward Genetics?
What is Reverse Genetics?
What is positional cloning?
What is a single gene disorder?
From phenotype to gene. *Basically start with a disease and u…
From gene to phenotype. *Mutate a gene, determine effect on p…
Find genes of unknown function by mapping them relative to a…
Mutation of a single gene is both necessary and sufficient to…
What is Forward Genetics?
From phenotype to gene. *Basically start with a disease and u…
What is Reverse Genetics?
From gene to phenotype. *Mutate a gene, determine effect on p…
41 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Ch 22 & 23 Developmental Genetics and Cancer Genetics
Master regulators
Totipotent
Pluripotent
Cloning
Sonic hedgehog, tiggy winkle hedgehog ... Change in expression o…
Develop into all cell types including extra- embryonic tissue…
develop into any tissue , but could not develop into an embry…
Clones not genetically identical since cytoplasmic genes come…
Master regulators
Sonic hedgehog, tiggy winkle hedgehog ... Change in expression o…
Totipotent
Develop into all cell types including extra- embryonic tissue…
31 termscreated on December 2, 2016
G&S Final Lecture
Omics
Genomics
Proteomics
Transcriptomics
...
...
...
...
Omics
...
Genomics
...
25 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Exam 2 True/False
Euthanasia of a terminal cancer patien…
The goal of the Health Insurance Porta…
The common rule is a federal regulatio…
Institutional Review Boards cannot pre…
False
False
True
False.
Euthanasia of a terminal cancer patien…
False
The goal of the Health Insurance Porta…
False
13 termscreated on December 2, 2016
G&S Lecture 19
Eugenics
Eugenics via Genocide
Charles Benedict Davenport: advocate o…
Edward O. Wilson: 1st textbook on SOCI…
...
...
...
...
Eugenics
...
Eugenics via Genocide
...
50 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Genetics Final Review Chapters 10, 13-15
An enzyme used to covalently join DNA…
Plasmids used for in vitro clining of…
What kind of termini produced by the r…
Enzyme that cleaves DNA at sequence- s…
Ligase
Vectors
3' overhang
Restriction endonuclease
An enzyme used to covalently join DNA…
Ligase
Plasmids used for in vitro clining of…
Vectors
23 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Biology 1 Lecture Chap 13
heredity
variation
genetics
genes
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
sons and daughters are not direct copies of their parents whi…
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation
parents endow their offspring with coded information in the f…
heredity
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
variation
sons and daughters are not direct copies of their parents whi…
15 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Invasive Species-Science Olympiad Division B-Aquatic Plants
Alligatorweed
Brazilian Waterweed
Common reed
Curly pondweed
Alligatorweed
Brazilian Waterweed
8 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Bio Final - Chapters 26
Genetic Engineering
Cloning
Gene Cloning
Recombinant DNA (rDNA)
Clone genes and then use them to alter the genome
As the production of identical copies of an organism through…
The production of many identical copies of a single gene
Contains DNA from two or more different sources
Genetic Engineering
Clone genes and then use them to alter the genome
Cloning
As the production of identical copies of an organism through…
14 termscreated on December 2, 2016
BIO 108 FINAL
What is DNA composed of?
What are the nitrogen containing bases…
Name the nitrogen containing base pairs
How does a DNA molecule replicate?
Nucleotide subunits (phosphate group, 5 carbon sugar, and 1 o…
Adenine, guanine, thymine, and cytosine/ held together by hyd…
Adenine pairs with Thymine and Cytosine pairs with Guanine A=…
One parent molecule that has two complimentary strands separa…
What is DNA composed of?
Nucleotide subunits (phosphate group, 5 carbon sugar, and 1 o…
What are the nitrogen containing bases…
Adenine, guanine, thymine, and cytosine/ held together by hyd…
50 termscreated on December 2, 2016
NAWL 9 (401 - 450)
peripheral
mineral
spontaneous
reliability
(adj.)周囲の、周辺の... A matter of _____ interest.
(n.) 鉱物... Salt, oil and gas are also _____.
(adj.) 自発的な... A_____ offer to help
(n.)信頼性、確実性... I have a doubts about the product's _____.
peripheral
(adj.)周囲の、周辺の... A matter of _____ interest.
mineral
(n.) 鉱物... Salt, oil and gas are also _____.
47 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Micro Final Study Guide
• Major historical figures of microbio…
• Definition of pathogen
• Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes
• How can we distinguish: archaea, bac…
1. fleming: discovered penicillin... 2. hooke: first to see cell…
disease causing microbe
-Prokaryotes: (bacteria, archae) no nucleus, no organelles, c…
...
• Major historical figures of microbio…
1. fleming: discovered penicillin... 2. hooke: first to see cell…
• Definition of pathogen
disease causing microbe
49 termscreated on December 2, 2016
BSC Test 4 Chapter 9
Which of the following is not a typica…
Sanger Method:
Sanger sequencing uses
How does sanger work?
3. Ligase
Method of DNA sequence analysis... enzymatic extension of DNA st…
Dye Terminators
Template DNA is denatured and mixed with oligonucleotide pr…
Which of the following is not a typica…
3. Ligase
Sanger Method:
Method of DNA sequence analysis... enzymatic extension of DNA st…
18 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Genetics Test 5
gene linkage
locus
linkage group
clone
-the association of genes that are physically located on the…
the location of a gene on a chromosome
-each linkage group corresponds to one of the pairs of homolo…
all the individual derived by nonsexual propagation from a si…
gene linkage
-the association of genes that are physically located on the…
locus
the location of a gene on a chromosome
86 termscreated on December 2, 2016
bio exam 3. ch.13
Living organisms are distinguished by…
Heredity is the transmission of traits…
Variation is demonstrated by the diffe…
Genetics is the scientific study of he…
...
...
...
...
Living organisms are distinguished by…
...
Heredity is the transmission of traits…
...
32 termscreated on December 2, 2016
(Final Exam) Chapter 13: Biotechnology
What are Plasmids?
In gene cloning, plasmids are isolated…
The foreign gene carried by the plasmi…
Gene cloning and genetic engineering w…
They are small circular DNA molecules that replicate within b…
The plasmid is returned to a bacterial cell, which then repro…
...
These are RESTRICTION ENZYMES and were discovered in bacteria…
What are Plasmids?
They are small circular DNA molecules that replicate within b…
In gene cloning, plasmids are isolated…
The plasmid is returned to a bacterial cell, which then repro…
32 termscreated on December 2, 2016
GC 1020 Final
electromagnetic spectrum
hue
chroma/saturation
saturation
physics of light
most basic of color terms & denotes an object's color (name o…
purity of a color, no white, black, or grey in it; adding w,b…
how rich/bold color is
electromagnetic spectrum
physics of light
hue
most basic of color terms & denotes an object's color (name o…
25 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Molec cell test 2
On average, errors in DNA synthesis oc…
During DNA replication in the cell, DN…
Which statement about bacterial DNA re…
The telomerase enzyme in human cells
All of the above mechanisms do contribute to the fidelity
are made more frequently in the lagging strand than the leadi…
DNA replication begins at the origin and travels in both dire…
has and RNA component
On average, errors in DNA synthesis oc…
All of the above mechanisms do contribute to the fidelity
During DNA replication in the cell, DN…
are made more frequently in the lagging strand than the leadi…
33 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Bioengineering lecture 8
Antibody
Antigen
Immunogenic
Antiserum
A class of serum proteins that are induced by exposing to an…
A molecule that can be selectively bound by an antibody. Not…
Evoking an immune response
Serum from an animal containing specific antibodies
Antibody
A class of serum proteins that are induced by exposing to an…
Antigen
A molecule that can be selectively bound by an antibody. Not…
26 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Cniderians
cniderians embryonic tissue layers
cniderian gut
cniderian symmetry
anthozoa
diploblast
blind, extracellular digestion
radial
sea anemones, corals, sea pens: the polyps do everything and…
cniderians embryonic tissue layers
diploblast
cniderian gut
blind, extracellular digestion
27 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Photography Final
Photos may be taken with our cellphone…
Our photos should be taken in?
F-stop is an indication of?
Examples of F-stops:
False
M-Manual Mode
Aperature
2.8,3.5,4.2,5.6,8,11,22
Photos may be taken with our cellphone…
False
Our photos should be taken in?
M-Manual Mode
31 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Biology Final.
1 or more fewer chromosomes than normal
Give an example of aneuploidy
What can cause aneuoploidy
Chromosome pairs or sister chromatids…
aneuploidy
miscarriages ... down syndrome
anaphase 1 or 2
Nondisjunction
1 or more fewer chromosomes than normal
aneuploidy
Give an example of aneuploidy
miscarriages ... down syndrome
30 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Sociology 1010 Exam-3 Chapter-17
Chapter 17... • Science, the Environment,…
Science and Society... • Sociologists of…
Science and Society (Cont.)... • Sociolog…
Science and Society (Cont.)... • Thomas K…
...
...
...
...
Chapter 17... • Science, the Environment,…
...
Science and Society... • Sociologists of…
...
22 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chapter 8 Bio
Bacteriophage
DNA sequence
Autosome
Centromere
Virus that infects bacteria.
Order of nucleotides in a strand of DNA.
Chromosome that is the same in males and females.
Of a duplicated eukaryotic chromosome, constructed region whe…
Bacteriophage
Virus that infects bacteria.
DNA sequence
Order of nucleotides in a strand of DNA.
108 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Microbiology Unit 2 Review
Structural gene
DNA control sequence
Watson & Crick
Nucleotide consists of three parts
encodes a protein
regulates the expression of a structural gene
Discovered DNA structure, double helix
1. Nitrogenous base... - Purine: adenine (A) and guanine (G)... Pyr…
Structural gene
encodes a protein
DNA control sequence
regulates the expression of a structural gene
34 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Virology Final
1. Describe the structure feature of i…
2. Which enzyme replicates the genome…
3. Can Tamiflu/oseltamivir be used to…
4. How do influenza viruses enter host…
Enveloped, Contains hemagglutinin (H) antigen glycoprotein sp…
viral PB2 protein binds to cap structure along with short str…
Yes, Zamanivir (sold as Relenza) and oseltamivir phosphate (s…
Endocytosis
1. Describe the structure feature of i…
Enveloped, Contains hemagglutinin (H) antigen glycoprotein sp…
2. Which enzyme replicates the genome…
viral PB2 protein binds to cap structure along with short str…
43 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Plant science: Test 3
in a plant where does cell division oc…
in a plant where does meiosis occur
the process known as meiosis
which of the following might be produc…
meristematic tissue
flowers
produces haploid gametes
(all of the above)... -true breeding lines... -F1 hybrids... -clones
in a plant where does cell division oc…
meristematic tissue
in a plant where does meiosis occur
flowers
18 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Final Examerino
In comparison to DNA technology, selec…
Which of the following is NOT an examp…
Deliberately transferring a gene from…
In order to study a gene, a scientist…
...
...
...
...
In comparison to DNA technology, selec…
...
Which of the following is NOT an examp…
...
19 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Ch 19 Recombinant DNA technology
Restriction endonucleases *
restriction enzymes and why isn't bact…
Restriction enzyme recognition sequence
Jr. Scientist need to cut and digest D…
bacterial defense system and key stone to molecular cloning
makes double stranded cuts in DNA , degrade foreign DNA , def…
Palindrome so same sequence back and forth ... 5' A A G C T T 3…
palindrome reads the same right to left ... if you change one of…
Restriction endonucleases *
bacterial defense system and key stone to molecular cloning
restriction enzymes and why isn't bact…
makes double stranded cuts in DNA , degrade foreign DNA , def…
1,256 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Bio Honors Midterm
What is Biology?
What is the Biological Hierarchy?
Define Biosphere
Define Ecosystem
- The scientific study of life with evolution as it's organiz…
- Biosphere ... - Ecosystem ... - Community ... - Population ... - Organi…
- The part of earth containing ever single living organism.
- All the living things in a specific area and environment.
What is Biology?
- The scientific study of life with evolution as it's organiz…
What is the Biological Hierarchy?
- Biosphere ... - Ecosystem ... - Community ... - Population ... - Organi…
20 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Science Chapter 4 Study Guide
What environmental effects can a perso…
What do male chromosomes look like?
What do female chromosomes look like?
What is an organism that is geneticall…
diet, height, medical care, and living conditions
xy
xx
cloning
What environmental effects can a perso…
diet, height, medical care, and living conditions
What do male chromosomes look like?
xy
17 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Science #2
Nitrogen bases
DNA Replication
Messenger RNA
Transfer RNA
Molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
Before a cell divides, the process in which DNA copies itself
Type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assem…
Type of RNA in the cytoplasm that carries an amino acid to th…
Nitrogen bases
Molecules that contain nitrogen and other elements
DNA Replication
Before a cell divides, the process in which DNA copies itself
200 termscreated on December 2, 2016
MBI 115 Unit 1
heredity
variation
genetics
gene inheritance
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
demonstrated by the differences in appearance that offspring…
the scientific study of heredity and variation
physical traits are not inherited, genes are inherited
heredity
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
variation
demonstrated by the differences in appearance that offspring…
64 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chapter 13
Heredity
Variation
Genetics
Gene
The transmission of traits from one generation to the next
Not identical copies of one parent or the other
The scientific study of heredity and heredity variation
Coded information in the form of heredity units.
Heredity
The transmission of traits from one generation to the next
Variation
Not identical copies of one parent or the other
32 termscreated on December 2, 2016
BSC 109 Ch. 17
Human DNA is organized into
DNA replication
Gene
Transcription
46 separate chromosomes
-Process of copying DNA prior to cell division... -This involve…
-Short segment of DNA that contains the code, or recipe, for…
-Process of copying DNA of a gene into mRNA (messenger ribonu…
Human DNA is organized into
46 separate chromosomes
DNA replication
-Process of copying DNA prior to cell division... -This involve…
40 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Compensation- Exam 3
Which of the following statements is t…
Which of the following types of rankin…
Which of the following is a negative o…
All of the following are categories of…
It is the error of consistently rating someone higher than is…
Paired-Comparison Ranking
Increase in performance pressure and stress.
Behavior Modeling
Which of the following statements is t…
It is the error of consistently rating someone higher than is…
Which of the following types of rankin…
Paired-Comparison Ranking
33 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chapter 9 with Q
1- A cDNA library is produced when the…
2- A plasmid is an example of a clonin…
3- Cloning techniques can be used not…
4- DNA ligases recognize and cleave DN…
False
True
True
False
1- A cDNA library is produced when the…
False
2- A plasmid is an example of a clonin…
True
67 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Evolution: Exam 4
Asexual reproduction
What is Apomixis?
Sexual reproduction
Amphimixis
Production of unfertilized gametes. ... Apomixis
Gametes produced by mitosis... Daughters are clones of mothers
Genetic material from two parents... Amphimixis
Alternating stages of meiosis and gamete fusion
Asexual reproduction
Production of unfertilized gametes. ... Apomixis
What is Apomixis?
Gametes produced by mitosis... Daughters are clones of mothers
24 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Genetics: Transgenics (Dr. Kotlikiff)
What is transgenesis? (This is a lectu…
What is a transgenic animal?
Why is transgenesis done? (This is a l…
What is a germ cell?
A term we use to describe the genetic modification of animals
One whose genome has been altered in all cells, including cel…
1. Determine function of individual genes... 2. Models of natura…
Egg and sperm; haploid cells that give rise to the complete a…
What is transgenesis? (This is a lectu…
A term we use to describe the genetic modification of animals
What is a transgenic animal?
One whose genome has been altered in all cells, including cel…
20 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Chapter 21
know process and location of lymphocte…
A:
A:
B:
A-E
immature lymphocytes (T and B cells) found in RBM
top of picture
thymus--area where T cells become immunocompetent
know process and location of lymphocte…
A-E
A:
immature lymphocytes (T and B cells) found in RBM
79 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Acquistapace Biology Final
How do we rely on plants?
How did farmers develop successful cor…
What is the disadvantage of vegetative…
Which male angiosperm organ produces p…
FOR FOOD, RAW MATERIALS (such as cotton) & MEDICINES
SELECTIVE BREEDING
CONDITIONS IN THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT CAN SUDDENLY CHANGE LE…
ANTHER
How do we rely on plants?
FOR FOOD, RAW MATERIALS (such as cotton) & MEDICINES
How did farmers develop successful cor…
SELECTIVE BREEDING
8 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Final Exam: Unit 2
Predict the likelihood of inheritance…
Explain how a cell can have different…
Explain how molecular cloning can be u…
Identify organismal interactions
...
...
Molecular cloning- cloning a specific gene, they take the gen…
Mutualism:... interaction between two species where both species…
Predict the likelihood of inheritance…
...
Explain how a cell can have different…
...
20 termscreated on December 2, 2016
SAT Vocabulary List 19
Colister
Clone
Clout
Cloy
N. a covered walk, with columns on one side, that runs along…
N. an exact duplicate; an organism genetically identical to a…
V. A blow; influence
V. To cause to feel full, especially when indulging in someth…
Colister
N. a covered walk, with columns on one side, that runs along…
Clone
N. an exact duplicate; an organism genetically identical to a…
34 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Biotechnology
Totipotency
Where is DNA located?
Genes
How many genes are there?
cloning of plants... (plants can be grown back from a single cell)
in the nucleic (nucleus in a cell)
contain the code for proteins... (genes code for proteins, prote…
21,000 genes
Totipotency
cloning of plants... (plants can be grown back from a single cell)
Where is DNA located?
in the nucleic (nucleus in a cell)
21 termscreated on December 2, 2016
MCT Stem Cells
general properties of stem cells
examples of treatment with stem cells
hematopoietic stem cells; features
hematopoietic stem cells; multipotent…
capable of dividing and self renewal... unspecialized
Parkinsons, Alzheimers=nerve... diabetes=islet cells... muscular dy…
multipotent, self renewing
can differentiate to all cells of a particular lineage, eg. b…
general properties of stem cells
capable of dividing and self renewal... unspecialized
examples of treatment with stem cells
Parkinsons, Alzheimers=nerve... diabetes=islet cells... muscular dy…
13 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Bioethics Final
In this episode of this American Life…
What does Thomson believe to be the ri…
What does SCNT stand for?
True or False: Kass argues that having…
Second Chance
1. The right to everything one minimally needs to continue li…
Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer
True
In this episode of this American Life…
Second Chance
What does Thomson believe to be the ri…
1. The right to everything one minimally needs to continue li…
73 termscreated on December 2, 2016
Spanish 003 - Test Three - Chapter 14 Vocabulary
el acceso
el adelanto
el astronauta
la biblioteca virtual
access
advance
astronaut
virtual library
el acceso
access
el adelanto
advance
37 termscreated on December 2, 2016
ch 16 Vocabulary
agarose gel electrophoresis
Amplification
applied research
basic research
Technique by which DNA, RNA, or molecules are separated in a…
An increase in the magnitude of each step as a signal transdu…
Research conducted with the goal of solving specific practica…
Research conducted to search for explanations about natural p…
agarose gel electrophoresis
Technique by which DNA, RNA, or molecules are separated in a…
Amplification
An increase in the magnitude of each step as a signal transdu…
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