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Study sets matching "clp4143"

clp4143
• What are the symptoms of a Major Dep…
• What distinguishes a Major Depressiv…
• How is Persistent Depressive Disorde…
• What is the prevalence rate for Majo…
• 1) Depressed Mood*... • 2) Anhedonia*... • 3) Appetite or Weight…
o A major depressive disorder consists of the following:... • Pr…
o More chronic (can be less severe)... o At least 2 of the follo…
o MDD: 1 in 5... o PDD: 1 in 20 ... o Without treatment: long-lasti…
• What are the symptoms of a Major Dep…
• 1) Depressed Mood*... • 2) Anhedonia*... • 3) Appetite or Weight…
• What distinguishes a Major Depressiv…
o A major depressive disorder consists of the following:... • Pr…
81 terms
CLP 4143
Psychotic disorder
Psychosis
Positive symptoms
Delusions
When psychosis is impairing &/or distressing
Inability or difficulty to tell the difference between what i…
Psychotic-{delusions/hallucinations}... Disorganized/catatonic-…
Ideas that an individual believes are true but are highly unl…
Psychotic disorder
When psychosis is impairing &/or distressing
Psychosis
Inability or difficulty to tell the difference between what i…
84 terms
CLP 4143
major depressive disorder
persistent depressive disorder
gender in MDD
ethnic in MDD
- presence of a major depressive episode ... - not better accoun…
- more chronic than MDD but less severe ... - have to have 2 sym…
2x more common in women than men
...
major depressive disorder
- presence of a major depressive episode ... - not better accoun…
persistent depressive disorder
- more chronic than MDD but less severe ... - have to have 2 sym…
42 terms
CLP4143 EXAM 2
persistent depressive disorder
major depressive disorder
mood disorders
prefrontal cortex
(chronic major depressive disorderd in the DSM-IV) disorder i…
disorder involving a sad mood or anhedonia, plus 4 or more of…
criteria sets for ________________ __________________ require…
this part of the brain is responsible for executive functions…
persistent depressive disorder
(chronic major depressive disorderd in the DSM-IV) disorder i…
major depressive disorder
disorder involving a sad mood or anhedonia, plus 4 or more of…
45 terms
CLP4143
Substance use disorder
Marijuana
Alcohol
Hallucinogens
Failure to meet obligations
Drug derived from dried ground leaves and stems of the female…
The most commonly abused substance in the world
Colorful, visual hallucinations
Substance use disorder
Failure to meet obligations
Marijuana
Drug derived from dried ground leaves and stems of the female…
58 terms
CLP4143
Characteristics used to define a psych…
Psychiatrist
Clinical Psychologists
Marriage & Family Therapists
-Not typical or culturally expected... -Causes personal distress…
prescribe medication, M.D.
Research, limited prescription privileges in some states, Ph.D.
Specialize in families, couples, children; MA
Characteristics used to define a psych…
-Not typical or culturally expected... -Causes personal distress…
Psychiatrist
prescribe medication, M.D.
100 terms
CLP4143
Psychopathology
Abnormal Psychology
Psychosis
Syndrome
Symptoms and signs of mental disorders
Application of psychological science to the study of mental d…
When one symptom is out of contact with reality
A group of symptoms that appear together and are assumed to p…
Psychopathology
Symptoms and signs of mental disorders
Abnormal Psychology
Application of psychological science to the study of mental d…
64 terms
CLP4143
substance
depressant
stimulants
opioids
any natural or synthesized product that has psychoactive effe…
alcohol, barbituates, benzodiasepines
cocaine, amphetamines, nicotine, and caffeine
heroin, morphine, codeine, methadone
substance
any natural or synthesized product that has psychoactive effe…
depressant
alcohol, barbituates, benzodiasepines
58 terms
CLP4143
the hypothalamus
fight or flight
HPA
ACTH
The features of arousal and fear are set in motion by
The sympathetic nervous system stimulaters key organs to prep…
Hypothalamus activates the ______ pathway
HPA pathway causes the release of
the hypothalamus
The features of arousal and fear are set in motion by
fight or flight
The sympathetic nervous system stimulaters key organs to prep…
90 terms
CLP4143
psychopathology
mental illness
abnormal behavior
cultural relativism
symptoms that cause mental, emotional and/or physical pain
phrase used to refer to a physical illness that causes severe…
Highly unusual for the social context... The source of significa…
is the view that there are no universal standards or rules fo…
psychopathology
symptoms that cause mental, emotional and/or physical pain
mental illness
phrase used to refer to a physical illness that causes severe…
55 terms
CLP4143 Exam 1
psychopathology
cultural relativism
continuum model of abnormality
four d's (of abnormality)
symptoms that cause mental, emotional and/or physical pain
the view that there are no universal standards or rules for l…
model of abnormality that views mental disorders not as categ…
deviance from the norm... dysfunctionality... distress to self OR o…
psychopathology
symptoms that cause mental, emotional and/or physical pain
cultural relativism
the view that there are no universal standards or rules for l…
66 terms
CLP 4143 Final
Schizophrenia
Duration of Schizophrenia
Distribution of Schizophrenia
DSM-5 Criteria for Schizophrenia
Major disturbances in thought, emotion, and behavior ; Disord…
6+ months; with 3 phases (prodromal, acute, residual)
~1%, affects men more often then women, onset late adolescenc…
Two or more symptoms lasting for at least 1 month and present…
Schizophrenia
Major disturbances in thought, emotion, and behavior ; Disord…
Duration of Schizophrenia
6+ months; with 3 phases (prodromal, acute, residual)
17 terms
CLP 4143 - Exam 4
anorexia - restricting type
anorexia - binge-eating/purging type
5 rules of good sleep hygiene
paranoid pd
not bingeing/purging last 3 mos
regular bingeing/purging in last 3 mos
1. maintain same sleep schedule... 2. no napping... 3. don't lie in…
suspicion of others
anorexia - restricting type
not bingeing/purging last 3 mos
anorexia - binge-eating/purging type
regular bingeing/purging in last 3 mos
111 terms
CLP4143 Exam 2
major depression
persistent depressive disorder (dysthy…
premenstrual dysphoric disorder
disruptive mood dysregulation disorder
-sad mood OR loss of interest or pleasure has to be one of th…
-depressed mood for at least two years; 1 year for children/a…
-at least five of the following symptoms were present in the…
-severe recurrent temper outbursts... -temper outbursts are inco…
major depression
-sad mood OR loss of interest or pleasure has to be one of th…
persistent depressive disorder (dysthy…
-depressed mood for at least two years; 1 year for children/a…
23 terms
CLP4143 Chapter 1
Psychopathology
Abnormal Psychology
Psychosis
Syndrome
Symptoms and signs of mental disorders (illnesses) ... Literal m…
Application of psychological science to the study of mental d…
When one is out of contact with reality. ... Ex: Getting sick a…
A group of symptoms that appear together and are assumed to r…
Psychopathology
Symptoms and signs of mental disorders (illnesses) ... Literal m…
Abnormal Psychology
Application of psychological science to the study of mental d…
67 terms
CLP4143 Exam 3
Traumatic stress disorder, dissociativ…
The disruption of the normally integra…
DSM-5 defines as an event that involve…
Lasts longer than one month, sometimes…
Dissociation
Dissociation
Traumatic Stress
PTSD
Traumatic stress disorder, dissociativ…
Dissociation
The disruption of the normally integra…
Dissociation
51 terms
CLP4143 Chapter 2
Etiology
Paradigm
General Paresis... (General Paralysis)
The Biological Paradigm
The cause
A set of shared theoretical substances and common beliefs.…
- Important advance for the biological paradigm.... - Gave hope…
Looks for biological abnormalities that might cause abnormal…
Etiology
The cause
Paradigm
A set of shared theoretical substances and common beliefs.…
137 terms
CLP4143 EXAM 4
Role of genetics in schizophrenia
Pregnancy
Neuropathology
Functional brain imaging
Very important, along with environmental. Genetics have been…
Birth complications may lead to possible schizophrenia later…
Sophisticated methods that enable scientists to create functi…
Dysfunction in neural circuits, including the prefrontal cort…
Role of genetics in schizophrenia
Very important, along with environmental. Genetics have been…
Pregnancy
Birth complications may lead to possible schizophrenia later…
87 terms
Exam 2 CLP 4143
Characteristics of Major Depressive Di…
Mood Disorders
MDD: Associated Symptoms
MDD Facts
5 Symptoms:... 1. Sad or depressed mood most of the time... 2. Anhe…
Disorder involving severe and enduring disturbances in Emotio…
1. Weight/Appetite change... 2. Sleep Problems... 3. Fatigue... 4. Psy…
-Higher rates among women... -Higher rates among young adults an…
Characteristics of Major Depressive Di…
5 Symptoms:... 1. Sad or depressed mood most of the time... 2. Anhe…
Mood Disorders
Disorder involving severe and enduring disturbances in Emotio…
21 terms
CLP4143 Test 1
mental illness
Psychodynamic
CBT and Biological
diagnosis
It is likely that everyone will be touched by the problems as…
_______ approach aims to gain insight into defenses and uncon…
______ and _____ therapists both take active, directive appro…
a description of behavior as fitting the criteria for a parti…
mental illness
It is likely that everyone will be touched by the problems as…
Psychodynamic
_______ approach aims to gain insight into defenses and uncon…
53 terms
CLP4143 Chapter 3
Psychotherapy
Eclectic
Evidence-based treatments
Psychopharmacology
The use of psychological techniques and the therapist-client…
- Using different treatments for different disorders. ... - Usin…
The practical and scientific approach to therapy.
-Medicine for your mind.... -The use of medications to treat ps…
Psychotherapy
The use of psychological techniques and the therapist-client…
Eclectic
- Using different treatments for different disorders. ... - Usin…
77 terms
CLP 4143 Exam 3
Schizophrenia
detailed characteristics of schizophre…
Schizophrenia typically appears
Positive symptoms
Major disturbances in thought, emotion, and behavior
disordered thinking (ideas are not logically related), faulty…
Late adolescence or early adulthood. Sometimes in childhood
distortions, hallucinations and delusions.
Schizophrenia
Major disturbances in thought, emotion, and behavior
detailed characteristics of schizophre…
disordered thinking (ideas are not logically related), faulty…
53 terms
CLP 4143 Ch 2
Define paradigm within the context of…
What are the current paradigms in psyc…
The genetic paradigm is comprised of 3…
________ plays a role in most behavior.
a set of basic assumptions that influence how you think about…
1. Genetic paradigm... 2. Neuroscience paradigm... 3. Cognitive-Beh…
1. Behavioral genetics... 2. Molecular genetics... 3. Gene-environm…
Heredity
Define paradigm within the context of…
a set of basic assumptions that influence how you think about…
What are the current paradigms in psyc…
1. Genetic paradigm... 2. Neuroscience paradigm... 3. Cognitive-Beh…
89 terms
CLP4143 Exam 4
Enduring patterns of thinking and beha…
The general definition of PERSONALITY…
Presence of a comorbid personality can…
Two of the most important motives in u…
Personality
Duration of the pattern; social dysfunction
Interfere with treatment of a disorder such as depression
Affiliation & Power
Enduring patterns of thinking and beha…
Personality
The general definition of PERSONALITY…
Duration of the pattern; social dysfunction
17 terms
CLP 4143 Ch 4
Specific predictions about what will o…
A set of propositions developed to exp…
__________ means that the hypothesis i…
Define statistical significance.
hypothesis
theory
falsifiability
Probability = <.05... Can be influenced by number of participant…
Specific predictions about what will o…
hypothesis
A set of propositions developed to exp…
theory
29 terms
CLP4143 Chapter 4
Diagnosis
Classification System
Categorical Approach to Classification
Dimensional Approach to Classification
Identification or recognition of a disorder on the basis of i…
Is used to subdivide or organize a set of objects.
Assumes that distinctions among members of different categori…
Describes the objects of classification in terms of continuou…
Diagnosis
Identification or recognition of a disorder on the basis of i…
Classification System
Is used to subdivide or organize a set of objects.
62 terms
CLP 4143 Ch 1
Psychopathology is defined as the...
What are the 3 main challenges to the…
True or false: Psychopathology is a de…
What are the 4 key characteristics in…
Study of the nature, development and treatment of mental diso…
1. maintaining objectivity... 2. avoiding preconceived notions... 3…
True
1. personal distress... 2. disability... 3. violation of social nor…
Psychopathology is defined as the...
Study of the nature, development and treatment of mental diso…
What are the 3 main challenges to the…
1. maintaining objectivity... 2. avoiding preconceived notions... 3…
22 terms
CLP 4143 Ch 7
Describe obsessive compulsive disorder.
What is the difference between obsessi…
What are the most common obsessions?
Give examples of compulsions.
Repetitive thoughts and urges -> (Obsessions)... Repetitive beha…
Obsessions= persistent and uncontrollable thoughts... Compulsion…
Contamination, sexual and aggressive impulses, body problems
Cleaning, counting, touching, checking (NOT compulsive gambli…
Describe obsessive compulsive disorder.
Repetitive thoughts and urges -> (Obsessions)... Repetitive beha…
What is the difference between obsessi…
Obsessions= persistent and uncontrollable thoughts... Compulsion…
30 terms
CLP4143 Exam 1
What is Psychopathology
Name the 4 components of psychopathology
Key contribution of Galton
Difference between Repression and Denial
Study of mental disorders
Dysfunction, Disability, Personal Distress, Violation of Soci…
Work led to notion that mental illness can be inherited
Repression is keeping unacceptable impulses or wishes from co…
What is Psychopathology
Study of mental disorders
Name the 4 components of psychopathology
Dysfunction, Disability, Personal Distress, Violation of Soci…
49 terms
CLP 4143 Ch 5
What are the two broad types of mood d…
_________ involves manic symptoms (bip…
What are the 4 depression mood disorde…
What is Disruptive Dood Dysregulation…
1. Depression... 2. Mania
Mania
1. Major depressive disorder... 2. Persistent depressive disorde…
DMDD is intended to capture children with frequent temper tan…
What are the two broad types of mood d…
1. Depression... 2. Mania
_________ involves manic symptoms (bip…
Mania
24 terms
CLP 4143 Ch 6
_______ is apprehension about a future…
Describe phobias.
The disproportionate fear of a particu…
For diagnosis of a specific phobia, th…
anxiety; fear
The disruptive fear of a particular object or situation. Fear…
specific phobia
at least 6 months
_______ is apprehension about a future…
anxiety; fear
Describe phobias.
The disruptive fear of a particular object or situation. Fear…
23 terms
CLP 4143 Ch 11
What are the 3 eating disorders?
_________ is characterized by a pursui…
__________ is characterized by a cycle…
________ characterized by regular bing…
1. Anorexia... 2. Bullimia... 3. Binge-eating
Anorexia nervosa
Bullimia nervosa
Binge-eating disorder
What are the 3 eating disorders?
1. Anorexia... 2. Bullimia... 3. Binge-eating
_________ is characterized by a pursui…
Anorexia nervosa
21 terms
CLP4143 CH 5
Emotion
Affect
Mood
Clinical Syndrome
The state of arousal defined by subjective states of feeling,…
Pattern of observable behaviors, as facial expression, pitch…
A pervasive and sustained emotional response that can color p…
A combination of emotional, cognitive, and behavioral symptoms.
Emotion
The state of arousal defined by subjective states of feeling,…
Affect
Pattern of observable behaviors, as facial expression, pitch…
23 terms
CLP4143 CH 6
Anxiety
Fear
Excessive Worry
Panic Attacks
-associated with the anticipation of future problems... -involv…
- experienced in the face of real, immediate danger... -Usually…
a relative uncontrollable sequence of negative emotional thou…
Sudden, overwhelming experience of terror or fright, more int…
Anxiety
-associated with the anticipation of future problems... -involv…
Fear
- experienced in the face of real, immediate danger... -Usually…
34 terms
CLP 4143 Ch 3
The classification of disorders by sym…
What are the 3 advantages of diagnosis?
The consistency of measurement is also…
________ is the extent to which the as…
diagnosis
1. Facilitates communication among professionals... 2. Advances…
reliability
validity
The classification of disorders by sym…
diagnosis
What are the 3 advantages of diagnosis?
1. Facilitates communication among professionals... 2. Advances…
73 terms
CLP 4143 Ch. 2
model
biological model
biological
Limitations of biological model
an understanding or way of explaining why something happens
model that focuses on genetics, neurotransmitters, brain chan…
Assessment in the context of the __________ model involves a…
-The lack of information about cultural, family, stress, and…
model
an understanding or way of explaining why something happens
biological model
model that focuses on genetics, neurotransmitters, brain chan…
15 terms
CLP 4143 Ch. 3
diathesis-stress model
etiology
epidemiology
comorbidity
disorders are the result of some kind of stressor operating o…
cause of mental disorders
the study of the distribution of diseases, disorders, or heal…
the presence of two or more disorders in the same person
diathesis-stress model
disorders are the result of some kind of stressor operating o…
etiology
cause of mental disorders
65 terms
CLP4143 Ch 2
Define paradigm within the context of…
What are the current paradigms in psyc…
The genetic paradigm is comprised of 3…
________ plays a role in most behavior.
a set of basic assumptions that influence how you think about…
1. Genetic paradigm... 2. Neuroscience paradigm... 3. Cognitive-Beh…
1. Behavioral genetics... 2. Molecular genetics... 3. Gene-environm…
Heredity
Define paradigm within the context of…
a set of basic assumptions that influence how you think about…
What are the current paradigms in psyc…
1. Genetic paradigm... 2. Neuroscience paradigm... 3. Cognitive-Beh…
25 terms
CLP 4143 Ch. 1
mental disorder
abnormal psychology
4 D's
maladaptive behavior
a group of emotional (feelings), cognitive (thinking), or beh…
the scientific study of problematic feelings, thoughts, and b…
deviance from the norm, dysfunction (difficulty adapting to l…
behavior that interferes with a person's life, including the…
mental disorder
a group of emotional (feelings), cognitive (thinking), or beh…
abnormal psychology
the scientific study of problematic feelings, thoughts, and b…
72 terms
CLP4143 Ch 1
Psychopathology is defined as the...
What are the 3 main challenges to the…
True or false: Psychopathology is a de…
What are the 4 key characteristics in…
Study of the nature, development and treatment of mental diso…
1. maintaining objectivity... 2. avoiding preconceived notions... 3…
True
1. personal distress... 2. disability... 3. violation of social nor…
Psychopathology is defined as the...
Study of the nature, development and treatment of mental diso…
What are the 3 main challenges to the…
1. maintaining objectivity... 2. avoiding preconceived notions... 3…
32 terms
CLP 4143 Ch. 4
dimensional approach
diagnosis
categorical approach
syndrome
defining abnormal behavior along a continuum or spectrum
rules that outline how many and what features of a mental dis…
defining abnormal behavior based on a large class of frequent…
a group of emotional, cognitive, or behavioral symptoms that…
dimensional approach
defining abnormal behavior along a continuum or spectrum
diagnosis
rules that outline how many and what features of a mental dis…
39 terms
CLP 4143 Ch 4
Specific predictions about what will o…
Science:
A set of propositions developed to exp…
A good theory is ______
hypothesis
"to know" ... The systematic pursuit of knowledge through observ…
theory
falsifiable. allows for disconfirmation.
Specific predictions about what will o…
hypothesis
Science:
"to know" ... The systematic pursuit of knowledge through observ…
43 terms
CLP 4143 Ch 3
The classification of disorders by sym…
What are the 3 advantages of diagnosis?
The consistency of measurement is also…
________ is the extent to which the as…
diagnosis
1. Facilitates communication among professionals... 2. Advances…
reliability
validity
The classification of disorders by sym…
diagnosis
What are the 3 advantages of diagnosis?
1. Facilitates communication among professionals... 2. Advances…
36 terms
CLP 4143 CBT Chapter
Describe the components of CBT.
What is an Evidence-Based Therapy?
True or false: CBT tends to yield more…
__________ utilizes a directive, actio…
-A problem-oriented therapy ... -Focus on present and future... -Sh…
means that there is a body of research literature that suppor…
True
CBT
Describe the components of CBT.
-A problem-oriented therapy ... -Focus on present and future... -Sh…
What is an Evidence-Based Therapy?
means that there is a body of research literature that suppor…
35 terms
CLP4143 Chapter 3
Why are diagnoses important? (4)
Is the DSM-5 categorical or dimensional?
Either you are anxious or you are not…
How anxious are you on a scale of 1-10…
-Facilitates communication among professionals... -Helps in spec…
Categorical
Categorical
Dimensional
Why are diagnoses important? (4)
-Facilitates communication among professionals... -Helps in spec…
Is the DSM-5 categorical or dimensional?
Categorical
69 terms
CLP 4143 FSU SACHS-ERICSSON
Major Depressive Disorder
Dysthymia
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder
Sad mood or loss of interest or pleasure; Symptoms are presen…
Chronic depressive disorder, depressed mood for at least 2 ye…
In most menstrual cycles during the past year, at least five…
Severe recurrent temper outbursts in response to common stres…
Major Depressive Disorder
Sad mood or loss of interest or pleasure; Symptoms are presen…
Dysthymia
Chronic depressive disorder, depressed mood for at least 2 ye…
14 terms
CLP 4143 Chapter 2
paradigm
Genetic Paradigm
Gene Expression
Polygenic transmission
a set of basic assumptions that influence how you think about…
Behavioral genetics, molecular genetics, gene-environment int…
proteins influence whether the action of a specific gene will…
a number of genes combine their influences to create a single…
paradigm
a set of basic assumptions that influence how you think about…
Genetic Paradigm
Behavioral genetics, molecular genetics, gene-environment int…
12 terms
CLP 4143 Chapter 7
Difference between obsessions and comp…
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Body Dysmorphic
Hoarding
obsessions are repeating thoughts and urges and compulsions a…
1) obsessions: intrusive, persistent, and uncontrollable thou…
repetitive thoughts and urges about personal appearance; preo…
Repetitive thoughts about possessions
Difference between obsessions and comp…
obsessions are repeating thoughts and urges and compulsions a…
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
1) obsessions: intrusive, persistent, and uncontrollable thou…
40 terms
`CLP 4143 Chapter 3
Importance of an evidence-based approach
Progression of Science
Personality inventories
MMPI
All psychological methods are flawed. Evidence based approach…
2 steps forward and 1 step back
Face vs construct validity... Empirically-based... Minimally ambigu…
567 items ... True/False responses... Adolescent ... Extensive normati…
Importance of an evidence-based approach
All psychological methods are flawed. Evidence based approach…
Progression of Science
2 steps forward and 1 step back
15 terms
CLP 4143: Chapter 8
stress
holistic view
Medical scientists view every illness as
behavioral medicine
Any challenging major or minior event that requires physiolog…
not included in the DSM-5
interactions between the mind and body
A multidisciplinary field that includes both medical and ment…
stress
Any challenging major or minior event that requires physiolog…
holistic view
not included in the DSM-5
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