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Study sets matching "cnidaria porifera"

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Study sets matching "cnidaria porifera"

61 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
Meaning of Phylum "Porifera"
Multicellular
-cyte
Water Vascular System
pore-bearing
different cell types (-cytes) perform different functions
cell
series of pores, canals, and chambers that help circulate wat…
Meaning of Phylum "Porifera"
pore-bearing
Multicellular
different cell types (-cytes) perform different functions
25 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
choanocytes
Porifera means...
Yes
Porifera
cells that have a flagella to beat and bring water into the s…
pore-bearding.
Does the Porifera phylum have an endoskeleton?
Which phylum has no tissues, only cells?
choanocytes
cells that have a flagella to beat and bring water into the s…
Porifera means...
pore-bearding.
25 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
Porifera
Grantia
False
Spongocoel
Sponges are a part of what class?
The genus name of this organism is?
Sponges have two distinct tissue layers. True or False?
The interior cavity of a sponge is called the?
Porifera
Sponges are a part of what class?
Grantia
The genus name of this organism is?
18 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
Regeneration
Polyp
Medusa
Tentacles
- Growth of cells and tissues to restore a lost structure
A free-swimming cnidarian with a bell-shaped body and tentacles
A long, slender, flexible arm-like structure found around the…
Regeneration
- Growth of cells and tissues to restore a lost structure
Polyp
9 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
osculum
spongocoel
Hydrozoa
Scyphozoa
large hole in the end of the sponge where filtered water exits
central cavity lined by flagellated cells of sponge
class of Phylum Cnidaria which includes the hydras; polyp sta…
class of Phylum Cnidaria which includes jellyfish; medusa sta…
osculum
large hole in the end of the sponge where filtered water exits
spongocoel
central cavity lined by flagellated cells of sponge
35 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
Metazoa
Porifera
sponges lack...
characteristics of Porifera
clade including all animals
sponges
true tissues
sedentary... marine and aquatic... filter feeders... hermaphrodites... sp…
Metazoa
clade including all animals
Porifera
sponges
16 terms
Porifera/Cnidaria
Asconoid Sponge
Syconoid sponge
Leuconoid Sponge
Class Calcaria
simplest version ... water through pors and out through top
more advanced ... surface area is increased so it is more effice…
most complex... high rate of flow through sponge... shoots wastes a…
Includes ... -Leucosolenia... -Grantia... -Sycon
Asconoid Sponge
simplest version ... water through pors and out through top
Syconoid sponge
more advanced ... surface area is increased so it is more effice…
10 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
Animalia - Porifera
Animalia - Porifera - Grantia
Animalia - Porifera - Spicules
Animalia - Cnidaria - Hydra
Animalia - Porifera
Animalia - Porifera - Grantia
10 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Cnidaria... Cla…
Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Porifera... Cal…
Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Cnidaria... Cla…
Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Porifera... Cla…
Obelia w.m.... What Kingdom, Phylum, and Class?
Sponge Spicules... What Kingdom, and Phylum?... What are they made…
Obelia medusa w.m.... What Kingdom, Phylum, and Class?
Scypha w.m. ... What Kingdom, Phylum, and Class.
Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Cnidaria... Cla…
Obelia w.m.... What Kingdom, Phylum, and Class?
Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Porifera... Cal…
Sponge Spicules... What Kingdom, and Phylum?... What are they made…
Porifera & Cnidaria
Having pores
Stinging nettle
Cubozoa (box jellies)
Scyphozoa (true jellies)
Latin name porus, means what?
Cnidarian got their name from the word "cnidos", means what?
Which Cnidarian class is named for their box-like shape?
Which Cnidarian got its name from the Greek word skyphos mean…
Having pores
Latin name porus, means what?
Stinging nettle
Cnidarian got their name from the word "cnidos", means what?
27 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
Proferia
Sponges
Choanocyte
spongocoel
Sponges
-most basal group... -lack true tissues/organ... -sessile( do not m…
Collar cells that line the body cavity and have flagella that…
The central cavity of a sponge.
Proferia
Sponges
Sponges
-most basal group... -lack true tissues/organ... -sessile( do not m…
52 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
What is the phylum name for sponges?
What is the phylum name for radiate an…
Characteristics of Porifera
Choanocytes
Porifera
Cnidaria
Multicellular, body with pores, mostly marine, radial/aysmmet…
Interior surfaces lined with flagellated collar cells
What is the phylum name for sponges?
Porifera
What is the phylum name for radiate an…
Cnidaria
38 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
colonial hypothesis
Syncytial hypothesis
animal origins
cnidaria and ctenophera
multicellularity derived from dividing cells that stuck toget…
The membrane of one big cell with one cytoplasm started to sp…
belief that animal kingdom is monophyletic and derived from o…
The two sub-phyla that make up the phylum radiata
colonial hypothesis
multicellularity derived from dividing cells that stuck toget…
Syncytial hypothesis
The membrane of one big cell with one cytoplasm started to sp…
45 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
Brackish
Spongin
Spicules
Osculum
The Combination of Salt and Fresh Water
Fibers that form the skeletons of some sponges; flexible; mad…
Structural elements found in most sponges; comprised mostly o…
A large opening in a sponge in which the water exits
Brackish
The Combination of Salt and Fresh Water
Spongin
Fibers that form the skeletons of some sponges; flexible; mad…
43 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
Phylum Porifera
Genus Grantia
Spongocoel
Choanocytes
-sponges... -eukaryotic... -multicellular... -ingestive feeding hetero…
-Phylum Porifera... -simple sponge... -tubular ... -folded body wall f…
-central cavity lined by choanocytes
-collar cells... -flagellated cells... -draw water through ostium c…
Phylum Porifera
-sponges... -eukaryotic... -multicellular... -ingestive feeding hetero…
Genus Grantia
-Phylum Porifera... -simple sponge... -tubular ... -folded body wall f…
24 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
Porifera
Cnidaria
Types of Symmetry
Sponges-Commensals
-Sponges... -No real tissue organization
-Hydras, jellies, corals
Radial, Bilateral, Asymmetric
One organism benefiting from the second without harming the s…
Porifera
-Sponges... -No real tissue organization
Cnidaria
-Hydras, jellies, corals
14 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
Scypha
Sponge Spicules
Hydra (wet mount)
Hydra (cross-section/x.s.)
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Porifera ... Class: Ca…
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Porifera ... (Calcium…
Domain: Eukarya ... Kingdom: Animalia ... Phylum: Cnidaria... Class: H…
Domain: Eukarya ... Kingdom: Animalia ... Phylum: Cnidaria... Class: H…
Scypha
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Porifera ... Class: Ca…
Sponge Spicules
Domain: Eukarya... Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Porifera ... (Calcium…
43 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
Clades of Porifera
Leucosolenia blanca
Grantia
Grantia spicules
Calcarea, Demosporangia, Hexactinellida
Clade Calcarea
Clade Calcarea
Clades of Porifera
Calcarea, Demosporangia, Hexactinellida
Leucosolenia blanca
Clade Calcarea
16 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
Porifera (sponges)
Porifera are comprised of:
Choanocyte
Mesohyl
- suspension filter feeders... - water drawn through the body wa…
- spongocoel... - osculum... - choanocytes... - mesohyl... - amoebocytes…
- flagellated collar cells ... - generate a water current throug…
-a gelatinous noncellular layer that is between two cell layers
Porifera (sponges)
- suspension filter feeders... - water drawn through the body wa…
Porifera are comprised of:
- spongocoel... - osculum... - choanocytes... - mesohyl... - amoebocytes…
35 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
Meaning of Phylum "Porifera"
Multicellular
-cyte
Habitat for sponges
pore-bearing
different cell types (-cytes) perform different functions
cell
all aquatic; mostly marine
Meaning of Phylum "Porifera"
pore-bearing
Multicellular
different cell types (-cytes) perform different functions
94 terms
porifera and cnidaria
meaning of Porifera
habitat, eating habits, cells, cell wa…
cell recognition PORIFERA
sessile PORIFERA
pore bearer (sponge)
aquatic, heterotrophic, multicellular, no cell walls, no true…
identify like cells and reform after being separated
attach to a surface and do not move as adults
meaning of Porifera
pore bearer (sponge)
habitat, eating habits, cells, cell wa…
aquatic, heterotrophic, multicellular, no cell walls, no true…
31 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
What is Diffusion?
What is the term for an organism that…
What is the life cycle of a Jellyfish?
Name three classifications of Cnidaria…
...
...
...
...
What is Diffusion?
...
What is the term for an organism that…
...
16 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
Phylum Porifera
Phylum Cnidaria (3)
General animal characteristics
Phylum Porifera (Sponges)
Sponges... > Class Calcarea... > Class Hexactinellida... > Class Demos…
Jellyfish, Sea anemones, Hydroids... > Class Hydrozoa... --Hyra... --O…
> Multicellular = specialization of cell functions... > Eukaryot…
> Most ancestral and simple animals... > Mainly marine, sessile…
Phylum Porifera
Sponges... > Class Calcarea... > Class Hexactinellida... > Class Demos…
Phylum Cnidaria (3)
Jellyfish, Sea anemones, Hydroids... > Class Hydrozoa... --Hyra... --O…
54 terms
porifera and cnidaria
Animal groups (Phyla) are defined by a…
pattern of embryonic development refer…
Porifera translates to
characteristics of sponges
1. symmetry... 2. Organization of tissues... 3. Type of body cavity…
fate of blastopore
pore bearer
• Multicellular with several types of cells... • Asymmetrical... •…
Animal groups (Phyla) are defined by a…
1. symmetry... 2. Organization of tissues... 3. Type of body cavity…
pattern of embryonic development refer…
fate of blastopore
30 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
How do sponges obtain their nutrients.
What is the name of the central cavity…
How does water leave the sponge?
Sponges are filter feeders: They filter out food particles su…
Water is drawn through the pores into a central cavity, the s…
Water flows out of the sponge through a larger opening called…
How do sponges obtain their nutrients.
Sponges are filter feeders: They filter out food particles su…
What is the name of the central cavity…
Water is drawn through the pores into a central cavity, the s…
19 terms
Porifera/Cnidaria
spongocoel
Incurrent Canal
Radial canal
Amoebocyte
Another name for collar cell
spongocoel
Incurrent Canal
16 terms
Porifera/Cnidaria
Phylum Porifera characteristics
Hexactienillida
Demospongia
Calcispongia
sponges, they have a skeleton made of spicules, they move wat…
silica spicules (silicea)
Protein and CaCO3/calcium carbonate spicules. Used in car spo…
exclusively CaCO3 spicules
Phylum Porifera characteristics
sponges, they have a skeleton made of spicules, they move wat…
Hexactienillida
silica spicules (silicea)
26 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
Multicellular Organisms Have More Than…
Syncytial Ciliated Hypothesis
Colonial Flagellated Hypothesis
Why Do Cells Stay Together?
Non-reproductive cells
Animals evolved form multinucleated ciliated protozoans
Animals evolved by ingression from hollow spherical colonial…
(Specific) Molecular Markers
Multicellular Organisms Have More Than…
Non-reproductive cells
Syncytial Ciliated Hypothesis
Animals evolved form multinucleated ciliated protozoans
29 terms
Porifera/Cnidaria
Porifera
Sponge characteristics
Porifera classes
Class Calcarea
Pore bearers
Asymmetrical (radial symmetry)... Central cavity... No tissues/orga…
Calcarea... Hexactinellida... Demospongiae
CaCO3... Small... Asconoid, Syconoid, Leuconoid
Porifera
Pore bearers
Sponge characteristics
Asymmetrical (radial symmetry)... Central cavity... No tissues/orga…
17 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
regeneration
polyp
medusa
tentacles
growth a new of destroyed tissue or lost parts of organs
the cnidarian body plan characterized by a wasplike shape and…
the cnidarian body plan having a bowl shape and adapted for a…
a flexible, mobile, elongated organ present in some species o…
regeneration
growth a new of destroyed tissue or lost parts of organs
polyp
the cnidarian body plan characterized by a wasplike shape and…
12 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
Phylum: Porifera
Phylum: Porifera... Genus: Euplectella... Ge…
Phylum: Cnidaria
Phylum: Cnidaria... Genus: Physalia Pelag…
Leucosolenia... Scypha... Euplectella... Spongilla
Venus Flower basket... Freshwater Sponge
-Hydra -Obelia... -physalia pelagica -Gonionemus... -Aurelia -Astra…
Man O' War
Phylum: Porifera
Leucosolenia... Scypha... Euplectella... Spongilla
Phylum: Porifera... Genus: Euplectella... Ge…
Venus Flower basket... Freshwater Sponge
29 terms
Porifera/Cnidaria
Syconoid
Asconoid
Leuconoid
Choanocytes
First stage in folding, allows sponge to overcome too much su…
Most complex folding of sponge
small, tubular, cannot grow big because choanocytes cannot ke…
collar cells, flagellum that creates current bringing food pa…
Syconoid
First stage in folding, allows sponge to overcome too much su…
Asconoid
Most complex folding of sponge
17 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
regeneration
polyp
medusa
tentacles
to regrow a missing piece or body part.
a vase-shaped body plan.
a bowl-shaped body plan.
long arm-like structures that grab at prey or propel.
regeneration
to regrow a missing piece or body part.
polyp
a vase-shaped body plan.
32 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
Phylum that includes sponges
Type of nervous sytem a cnidarian has
Type of symmetry a cnidarian has
Class of cnidaria a hydra belongs to
Porifera
Nerve net
Radial
Hydrozoa
Phylum that includes sponges
Porifera
Type of nervous sytem a cnidarian has
Nerve net
15 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
Porfiera Features
Sponge Anatomy
3 main categories of sponge cells
Sponge skeleton
First animal, multi-cellular, simpler body plan (no mouth, gu…
1 most ancient animal alive on the planet... 2 cells not organiz…
1 dynacocytes (skin)... 2 collar cells are called choanocytes, g…
Made of spongin and spicules
Porfiera Features
First animal, multi-cellular, simpler body plan (no mouth, gu…
Sponge Anatomy
1 most ancient animal alive on the planet... 2 cells not organiz…
34 terms
Cnidaria & Porifera
Porifera
Heterotrophic
Pores
Collar cells
Phylum containing the sponges ("pore-bearers")
Organism that cannot produce its own food but obtains energy…
Openings in the epidermis of sponges that allows a steady cur…
One of the cells forming the wall of a sponge's central cavit…
Porifera
Phylum containing the sponges ("pore-bearers")
Heterotrophic
Organism that cannot produce its own food but obtains energy…
18 terms
Porifera&Cnidaria
Regeneration
Polyp
Medusa
Tentacle
The action or process of regeneration or being regenerated, i…
The cnidarian body plan characterized by a vaselike shape and…
The cnidarian body plan having a bowl shape and adapted for a…
A slender flexible limb or appendage in an animal, especially…
Regeneration
The action or process of regeneration or being regenerated, i…
Polyp
The cnidarian body plan characterized by a vaselike shape and…
8 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
cnidocyte
filter feeder
gastrovascular cavity
medusa
nematocyst-containing stinging cell on a cnidarian's tentacle
organism that filters small particles from water to get to it…
in cnidarians, the space surrounded by an inner cell layer, w…
umbrella-shaped, free-living body form of Cnidarians
cnidocyte
nematocyst-containing stinging cell on a cnidarian's tentacle
filter feeder
organism that filters small particles from water to get to it…
38 terms
Porifera/cnidaria
grantia
epithelial layer
spongocoel
choanocytes (collar cells)
these filter-feeding heterotrophs are one of the simplest spo…
flat outer layer lining simple sponges
a central cavity lined by flagellated cells
flagellated cells lining the spongocoel
grantia
these filter-feeding heterotrophs are one of the simplest spo…
epithelial layer
flat outer layer lining simple sponges
29 terms
Porifera/Cnidaria
nematocyst
Phylum Porifera
sessile
animal cells
Stinging cells on tentacles
classification group of sponges
lives attached to a surface
have no cell wall
nematocyst
Stinging cells on tentacles
Phylum Porifera
classification group of sponges
72 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
Animals
Sessile
What's more common in animals free-liv…
Do animal cells have cell walls?
Eukaryotic multicellular heterotrophs
Attached to a substrate
Free-living
No
Animals
Eukaryotic multicellular heterotrophs
Sessile
Attached to a substrate
26 terms
Porifera/Cnidaria
Examples of Porifera:
Symmetry of Porifera:
Cell types of Porifera:
Outer layer of Porifera:
sponges
asymmetrical or radial
pinococytes, mesenchyme, choanocytes
pinococytes, make up outer layer of sponge, contain porocytes…
Examples of Porifera:
sponges
Symmetry of Porifera:
asymmetrical or radial
Porifera & Cnidaria
Phylum for Sponges
Kingdom for Sponges
The size of sponges range from ____ to…
Trace the flow of water through a spon…
Porifera
Animalia
2cm to 2meters
pores, atrium, osculum
Phylum for Sponges
Porifera
Kingdom for Sponges
Animalia
12 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
Four major characteristics of Phylum P…
Meaning of "sessile"
5 characteristics of sponge structure
Choanocytes
1. asymmetrical bodies... 2. lack tissues and organs ... 3. sessile…
attached to substrate; do not get up and walk
1. cell-level organization... 2. choanocytes... 3. ameobacyte... 4. sp…
flagellated cells draw water through body of sponge
Four major characteristics of Phylum P…
1. asymmetrical bodies... 2. lack tissues and organs ... 3. sessile…
Meaning of "sessile"
attached to substrate; do not get up and walk
17 terms
Porifera/Cnidaria
Regeneration
Polyp
Medusa
Tentacles
The restoration or new growth by an organism of organs, tissu…
A cnidarian body plan characterized by a vaselike shape and u…
A Cnidarian body plan characterized by a bowl shape and adapt…
Use them to catch food and protect themselves
Regeneration
The restoration or new growth by an organism of organs, tissu…
Polyp
A cnidarian body plan characterized by a vaselike shape and u…
11 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
Porifera
Porifera eat
Porifera skeleton
Porifera reproduce
Sponges... -No true tissues/organs... -Lack symmetry ... -Multicellula…
Draw water through ostia ... -Small organisms filtered as pass t…
-Spicules: needles of calcium carbonate/silica... -Spongin: fibe…
-Break into fragments & form new sponges (asexual reproductio…
Porifera
Sponges... -No true tissues/organs... -Lack symmetry ... -Multicellula…
Porifera eat
Draw water through ostia ... -Small organisms filtered as pass t…
24 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
Homeostasis
Response to the environment
Obtaining Oxygen and Nutrients
Requires a respiratory system
a way that an organism maintains a consistent environment int…
1. input (5 senses used for survival) 2. integration (learnin…
eating (amino acids, vitamins, sugar, and fat) & breathing (n…
breathing w/ the lungs OR exchange gases
Homeostasis
a way that an organism maintains a consistent environment int…
Response to the environment
1. input (5 senses used for survival) 2. integration (learnin…
26 terms
Porifera & Cnidaria
What feature of phylum porifera indica…
Two main structures of a collar cell a…
What are spicules?
What is the function of a spicule?
They contain specialized cells, but no organization level
Microvilli- catch and digest food... Flagellum-which helps move…
Small needle-shaped structures within the internal skeleton o…
Support and protection
What feature of phylum porifera indica…
They contain specialized cells, but no organization level
Two main structures of a collar cell a…
Microvilli- catch and digest food... Flagellum-which helps move…
17 terms
Porifera and cnidaria
Regeneration
Polyp
Medusa
Tentacles
The restoration or new growth by an organism of organs, tissu…
A type of animal form characterized by a more or less fixed b…
A saucer-shaped or dome-shaped, free-swimming jellyfish or hy…
Any of various slender, flexible processes or appendages in a…
Regeneration
The restoration or new growth by an organism of organs, tissu…
Polyp
A type of animal form characterized by a more or less fixed b…
102 terms
Porifera and Cnidaria
Eukaryotic
Heterotrophi
Herbivore
carnivore
All cells have nucleus, cells with no cell walls
organisms that consume organic materials
organism that eats plants
organism that eats meat
Eukaryotic
All cells have nucleus, cells with no cell walls
Heterotrophi
organisms that consume organic materials
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