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Study sets matching "cns"

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Study sets matching "cns"

41 terms
CNS
X-ray computed tomography (CT)
positron emission tomography (PET)
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
functional MRI
visualizes soft tissue
examine brain metabolism and blood flow, drug distribution
shows brain function
shows areas with increased neural activity by tracking blood…
X-ray computed tomography (CT)
visualizes soft tissue
positron emission tomography (PET)
examine brain metabolism and blood flow, drug distribution
39 terms
CNS
"Duret Hemorrhage" ... transtendorial (U…
"Anencephaly"
"Setting Sun Sign"... The fontanels will…
"Dandy-Walker Syndrome" ... Absence of c…
"Duret Hemorrhage" ... transtendorial (U…
"Anencephaly"
29 terms
cns
pons
frontal lobe
central sulcus
parieto-occipital sulcus
pons
frontal lobe
122 terms
CNS
Medulla Oblongata
Medulla Olives
Inferior cerebellar peduncles
Glossopharyngeal nerve
C.... connects medulla to cerebellum
lateral superior to olive
Medulla Oblongata
Medulla Olives
40 terms
CNS
CNS
Cerebrum (telencephalon)
Cerebral Hemispheres
Left Hemisphere
Brain... -Cerebrum (Telencephalon)... -Diencephalon... -Brain Stem... -Ce…
-Coomprises 84% of brain mass... -5 lobes: frontal, parietal, oc…
-Separated by longitudinal issues (Fissure of Rolando)*... -Some…
-Dominant control over language, math, and logic... -90% of popu…
CNS
Brain... -Cerebrum (Telencephalon)... -Diencephalon... -Brain Stem... -Ce…
Cerebrum (telencephalon)
-Coomprises 84% of brain mass... -5 lobes: frontal, parietal, oc…
177 terms
CNS
Glial Cells
central chromatolysis
Viral inclusions
Neurodegenerative inclusions
astrocytes, oliogdendrocytes, ependymal cells, choroid plexus…
regeneration of axons
Rabies - Negri bodies... CMV - Cowdry
Alzheimer - neurofibrillary tangle... Parkinson - Lewy body
Glial Cells
astrocytes, oliogdendrocytes, ependymal cells, choroid plexus…
central chromatolysis
regeneration of axons
304 terms
CNS
Leptomeningeal angiomatosis, which dz??
absent red-reflex on physical examinat…
eye can't adduct ... muscle and nerve
abduct but can't look up... muscle and ne…
Sturge-Weber disease ,
known as leukocoria... Sturge-Weber disease
MR... 32
Superior rectus muscle... 3
Leptomeningeal angiomatosis, which dz??
Sturge-Weber disease ,
absent red-reflex on physical examinat…
known as leukocoria... Sturge-Weber disease
58 terms
CNS
longitudinal fissure
sulci
gyri
cerebral cortex
divides brain into right and left hemisphere
grooves
bumps
outer shell of gray matter that covers each hemisphere. centr…
longitudinal fissure
divides brain into right and left hemisphere
sulci
grooves
117 terms
CNS
Name the 4 regions of the brain
What parts of the brain make up the br…
What is the main function of the brain…
arbor vitae
Brain stem, Cerebellum, Diencephalon, Cerebral Hemispheres
Midbrain, Pons and Medulla Oblongata
Passageway for all fiber tracts running between the cerebrum…
Name the 4 regions of the brain
Brain stem, Cerebellum, Diencephalon, Cerebral Hemispheres
What parts of the brain make up the br…
Midbrain, Pons and Medulla Oblongata
54 terms
CNS
central sulcus
primary somatosensory: simple sensatio…
primary motor cortex: moving individua…
Pre-motor: motor association small pat…
3
4
2
in front of primary motor cortex
central sulcus
3
primary somatosensory: simple sensatio…
4
63 terms
CNS
Anterior 2/3 of the tongue is derived…
Posterior 1/3 of the tongue is derived…
Muscles of the tongue are derived from
Oligodendrocytes are destroyed in..whi…
1st and 2nd branchial arches form anterior 2/3... (thus sensatio…
3rd and 4th branchial arches form posterior 1/3... (thus sensati…
occipital myotomes.
Oligodendrocytes are destroyed in MS while schwann cells are…
Anterior 2/3 of the tongue is derived…
1st and 2nd branchial arches form anterior 2/3... (thus sensatio…
Posterior 1/3 of the tongue is derived…
3rd and 4th branchial arches form posterior 1/3... (thus sensati…
14 terms
cns
brain
cerebrum
cerebellum
pituitary gland
brain
cerebrum
11 terms
CNS
CNS
PNS
Autonomic
PNS has two division
Central Nervous System... * Consist of Brain and spinal cord... * c…
Peripheral Nervous system... * everything outside CNS,... * has aut…
are involuntarily response... * has three motor response:... - symp…
- Afferent ... - Efferent
CNS
Central Nervous System... * Consist of Brain and spinal cord... * c…
PNS
Peripheral Nervous system... * everything outside CNS,... * has aut…
9 terms
CNS
What are the Divisions of the CNS?
Three stages of neural plate closure
Developing embryo
Medulla oblongata
Cerebellum... Cerebrum... Diencephalon... Mesencephalon... Medulla Oblong…
1. neural plate... 2. notochord... 3. paraxial mesoderm... 4. endoderm…
1. neural fold... 2. neural groove... 3. rostral neuropore... 4. somit…
-autonomic function... -cranial nerve sensation
What are the Divisions of the CNS?
Cerebellum... Cerebrum... Diencephalon... Mesencephalon... Medulla Oblong…
Three stages of neural plate closure
1. neural plate... 2. notochord... 3. paraxial mesoderm... 4. endoderm…
85 terms
CNS
arbor vitae
cerebellum
corpus callosum
anterior median fissure
arbor vitae
cerebellum
23 terms
CNS
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Temporal Lobe
A region of the cerebral cortex that has specialized areas fo…
A region of the cerebral cortex whose functions include proce…
A region of the cerebral cortex that processes visual informa…
Hearing
Frontal Lobe
A region of the cerebral cortex that has specialized areas fo…
Parietal Lobe
A region of the cerebral cortex whose functions include proce…
54 terms
CNS
Cerebrum
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Infundibulum
Cerebrum
Thalamus
74 terms
CNS
glosso-
gyrus
innervation
neuro
tongue
prominent fold or ridge of neural cortex
distribution of sensory and motor nerves to a specific region…
nerve
glosso-
tongue
gyrus
prominent fold or ridge of neural cortex
50 terms
CNS
Frontal Lobe
Central Sulcus
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Central Sulcus
33 terms
CNS
Nueron
nucleus
ganglion
glia
principle communicating cell of NS
cluster of neurons in CNS
cluster of neurons in PNS
support cells of NS
Nueron
principle communicating cell of NS
nucleus
cluster of neurons in CNS
52 terms
CNS
Neural plate invaginates to form?... Embr…
Wall of the neural tube forms?... Hollow…
Neural tube defects detected by ___ le…
Anencephaly is caused by the disruptio…
1) Neural Tube... 2) Week 4... 3) Cranial-Caudal... 4) Low Folate
1) CNS... 2) Ventricles & Spinal cord canal... 3) PNS
Alpha-Fetoprotein
the cranial end of the neural tube
Neural plate invaginates to form?... Embr…
1) Neural Tube... 2) Week 4... 3) Cranial-Caudal... 4) Low Folate
Wall of the neural tube forms?... Hollow…
1) CNS... 2) Ventricles & Spinal cord canal... 3) PNS
83 terms
CNS
What are the two parts of Forebrain?
What are the parts of Telencephalon?
What are the parts of Diencephalon?
What is the other name for Midbrain?
Telencephalon and Diencephalon
-> Cerebrum... -> Hippocampus... -> Basal ganglia... -> Amygdala
-> Thalamus... -> Hypothalamus... -> Subthalamus... -> Epithalamus
Mesencephalon
What are the two parts of Forebrain?
Telencephalon and Diencephalon
What are the parts of Telencephalon?
-> Cerebrum... -> Hippocampus... -> Basal ganglia... -> Amygdala
38 terms
CNS
The CNS is composed of
Three primary brain vesicles
Since the brain grows more rapidly tha…
Forebrain divided into these two parts
The Brain (Cerebral Hemispheres, Cerebellum, Brainstem) The S…
Prosencephalon, Mesoencepahon, and Rhombencephalon
Brain forms folds, allowing it to fit inside the head
Telencephalon and Diencephalon
The CNS is composed of
The Brain (Cerebral Hemispheres, Cerebellum, Brainstem) The S…
Three primary brain vesicles
Prosencephalon, Mesoencepahon, and Rhombencephalon
18 terms
CNS
lobes of the brain, lateral view... 1 par…
brain, midsagittal view... 1 optic chiasm…
brain, midsagittal view... 1 septum pellu…
brain, inferior view... 1 optic tract... 2 o…
lobes of the brain, lateral view... 1 par…
brain, midsagittal view... 1 optic chiasm…
61 terms
CNS
עקרון השחרור של Dale
נורינוים דופמנירגים ב midbrain
שלבי סינתזה וצריכה של נוריוטרנסמיטורים
MEPP - Miniature Plate Potential-End
כל נוירון משחרר את אותו חומר מסוים בכל הסינפסות שלו - כל נויר…
משחררים גם גלוטמאט וגם דופמין
1. צריכה של precursors של הנוירוטרנסמיטור העתידי ע"י תא העצב.…
ניתן היה להבחין בפוטנציאלים חשמליים מינימלים ספונטניים תמידיי…
עקרון השחרור של Dale
כל נוירון משחרר את אותו חומר מסוים בכל הסינפסות שלו - כל נויר…
נורינוים דופמנירגים ב midbrain
משחררים גם גלוטמאט וגם דופמין
65 terms
CNS
Tylenol
Voltaren
Naprosyn
Advil
acetaminophen
diclofenac
naproxen
ibuprofen
Tylenol
acetaminophen
Voltaren
diclofenac
44 terms
CNS
Gray matter
White matter
Dorsal horns
Ventral horns
dendrites and neural cell bodies
myelinated axons
contain sensory relay neurons (not primary afferent neurons)
contain motor neurons and regulatory interneurons
Gray matter
dendrites and neural cell bodies
White matter
myelinated axons
77 terms
CNS
Level of organization of Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Visceral
Somatic
- brain and spinal cord... - integrative and control centers
- internal organs
- skin and muscle
Level of organization of Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
- brain and spinal cord... - integrative and control centers
86 terms
CNS
central
peripheral
brain
spinal cord
which nervous system is comprised of the brain and spinal cord?
which nervous system is comprised of nerves that branch off o…
what part of the CNS is an integrator of sensory information…
what part of the CNS is a conduit for signals between brain a…
central
which nervous system is comprised of the brain and spinal cord?
peripheral
which nervous system is comprised of nerves that branch off o…
50 terms
CNS
ventricles
cerebral hemispheres
three basic regions
parieto-occipital sulcus
arise from expansion of lumen of the neural tube, continuous…
form superior part of brain, make up 83% of mass, contains ri…
cortex, white matter, and basal nuclei
separates the parietal and occipital lobes
ventricles
arise from expansion of lumen of the neural tube, continuous…
cerebral hemispheres
form superior part of brain, make up 83% of mass, contains ri…
41 terms
CNS
Purpose of CNS
Higher cognition
Brainstem
medulla oblongota
Keeps you functional!... -subconsciously regulates brain homeost…
act or process of knowing, more advance, consciously... -thought…
Nuclei (midbrain, pons, & medulla) control many homeostatic p…
the continuation of the spinal cord within the skull, forming…
Purpose of CNS
Keeps you functional!... -subconsciously regulates brain homeost…
Higher cognition
act or process of knowing, more advance, consciously... -thought…
41 terms
CNS
Cortex
Gyrus
Sulcus
Fissure
The outer layer of an organ, e.g. the renal cortex, the ovari…
A ridged or raised portion of a convoluted brain surface.
depression or groove in the surface of the cerebral cortex; f…
An opening; a groove; a split
Cortex
The outer layer of an organ, e.g. the renal cortex, the ovari…
Gyrus
A ridged or raised portion of a convoluted brain surface.
85 terms
CNS
arbor vitae
cerebellum
corpus callosum
anterior median fissure
arbor vitae
cerebellum
57 terms
CNS
brain stem
cerebellum
diencephalon
cerebrum
continuation of the spinal cord
second largest part of the brain
gives rise to the thalamus, hypothalamus and eputhalamus
largest part of the brain
brain stem
continuation of the spinal cord
cerebellum
second largest part of the brain
46 terms
CNS
1. Place the CNS into the proper locat…
2. Describe the development of the ner…
2. Describe the development of the ner…
3. Define spina bifida.
part one
part two
1. Place the CNS into the proper locat…
2. Describe the development of the ner…
part one
18 terms
CNS
spinal cord begins at the foramen magnum
conus medullaris (1)... -spinal cord
finum terminale (2)... -spinal cord
cauda equina (3)... -spinal cord
ends at the 1st and 2nd lumbar vertebrae
inferior, tapered end of the spinal cord
holds spinal cord in place
collection of spinal nerve roots at the inferior end of the v…
spinal cord begins at the foramen magnum
ends at the 1st and 2nd lumbar vertebrae
conus medullaris (1)... -spinal cord
inferior, tapered end of the spinal cord
61 terms
CNS
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Gray matter
White matter
brain and spinal cord
sensory and motor divisions (sympathetic and parasympathetic…
Cells (neurons)
axons
Central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
sensory and motor divisions (sympathetic and parasympathetic…
21 terms
CNs
Olfactory N (CNI)
Optic N (CNII)
Oculomotor N (CNIII) Trochlear N (CNIV…
Maxillary N(CNV2)
What exits via the cribiform plate?
What exits via the optic canal
What exits via the superior orbital fissure
What exits via the Foramen rotundum
Olfactory N (CNI)
What exits via the cribiform plate?
Optic N (CNII)
What exits via the optic canal
52 terms
CNS
most common bacterial meningitis
most common viral meningitis
Most common fungal meningitis
Most common chronic meningitis
Strep. pneumoniae
Non-Polio Enteroviruses
Cryptococcus neoformans/gatti
TB
most common bacterial meningitis
Strep. pneumoniae
most common viral meningitis
Non-Polio Enteroviruses
48 terms
CNS
Adult Brain Regions
Spinal Cord
Brain
Cortex
cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum
central cavity surrounded by gray matter (mostly neuron cell…
similar gray matter and white matter pattern as spinal cord;…
both the cerebral hemispheres and the cerebellum have this la…
Adult Brain Regions
cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum
Spinal Cord
central cavity surrounded by gray matter (mostly neuron cell…
33 terms
CNS
multicentrisk schwannom
multicentrisk schwannom
kronisk dissemineret granulomatøs meni…
kronisk dissemineret granulomatøs ence…
Canalis vertebralis - okse. Patoanatomisk diagnose?
plexus brachialis hos okse. Patoanatomisk diagnose?
rygmarv med hinder fra okse. Patoanatomisk diagnose? Ætiologi?
Hjerne med hinde fra okse. Patoanatomisk diagnose? Ætiologi?
multicentrisk schwannom
Canalis vertebralis - okse. Patoanatomisk diagnose?
multicentrisk schwannom
plexus brachialis hos okse. Patoanatomisk diagnose?
51 terms
cns
corpus callosum
thalamus
hypothalamic sulcus
hypothalamus
corpus callosum
thalamus
68 terms
CNS
Disturbance in voluntary muscle action
Physical, occupational, and speech the…
Also known as a stroke or apoplexy
Blood flow to the brain is impaired re…
cerebal palsy
treatment for cerebal palsy
cerebrovascular accident
cause of stroke or CVA
Disturbance in voluntary muscle action
cerebal palsy
Physical, occupational, and speech the…
treatment for cerebal palsy
25 terms
CNs
CN I
CN II
CN III
CN IV
Olfactory ... Sensory: smell
Optic... Sensory: vision
Oculomotor... Motor: Ciliary muscle, sphincter pupillae, all ext…
Troclear... M: Superior oblique muscle of eye
CN I
Olfactory ... Sensory: smell
CN II
Optic... Sensory: vision
19 terms
CNS
Sensory
Motor
Cerebral White Matter
Meninges
Afferent ( white matter); carry impulses from skin, skeletal…
Efferent; transmit impulses from CNS to organs; controls volu…
Myellinated fibers responsible for communication
connective tissue of three membranes:... dura mater, arachnoid m…
Sensory
Afferent ( white matter); carry impulses from skin, skeletal…
Motor
Efferent; transmit impulses from CNS to organs; controls volu…
12 terms
CNs
CN 1 Olfactory
CN 2 Optic
CN 3 Oculomotor
CN 4 Trochlear
Smell
Visual Acuity, Visual Fields and Retina (ocular fundi), Pupil…
Extra Ocular Movements (EOM--moving eyes in different directi…
EOM
CN 1 Olfactory
Smell
CN 2 Optic
Visual Acuity, Visual Fields and Retina (ocular fundi), Pupil…
53 terms
CNS
Frontal lobe
prefrontal cortex
Broca's area
wernicke's area, broca's area, general…
Lobe involved with voluntary motor control, speaking, writing…
reasoning, learning, personality, judgement, planning, foresi…
helps to preplan voluntary movements in speech like moving ja…
the three regions of the brain only found in the left hemisph…
Frontal lobe
Lobe involved with voluntary motor control, speaking, writing…
prefrontal cortex
reasoning, learning, personality, judgement, planning, foresi…
39 terms
CNS
Bone
Connective tissue
Meninges
Dura mater
completely encloses CNS in hard tissue for major protection
meninges and fluid around CNS that add extra proctection
membranes that wrap around outside of brain/spinal cord
outer tough layer of meninges that is the most ressilent
Bone
completely encloses CNS in hard tissue for major protection
Connective tissue
meninges and fluid around CNS that add extra proctection
99 terms
CNS
Chordata
Vertebrata
Mammalia
Primate
Phylum of man
Subphylum of man
Class of man
Order of man
Chordata
Phylum of man
Vertebrata
Subphylum of man
11 terms
CNS
CNS
Cephalization
CNS Development
Anterior end
two regions:... -brain ... -spinal cord
concentration of nervous tissue and sensory organs near a "he…
Both major regions (anterior and posterior) are initially par…
3 regions differentiate to parts of the brain... Prosencephalon…
CNS
two regions:... -brain ... -spinal cord
Cephalization
concentration of nervous tissue and sensory organs near a "he…
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