Study sets matching "cns"

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Study sets matching "cns"

6 terms
CNS
brain
brain stem
cerebellum
cerebrum
an organ inside the skull; the control center of the nervous…
the lowest part of the brain that connects it to the spinal c…
the part of the brain below the cerebrum; controls body movem…
the largest part of the brain; controls conscious functions (…
brain
an organ inside the skull; the control center of the nervous…
brain stem
the lowest part of the brain that connects it to the spinal c…
38 terms
CNS
The CNS is composed of
Three primary brain vesicles
Since the brain grows more rapidly tha…
Forebrain divided into these two parts
The Brain (Cerebral Hemispheres, Cerebellum, Brainstem) The S…
Prosencephalon, Mesoencepahon, and Rhombencephalon
Brain forms folds, allowing it to fit inside the head
Telencephalon and Diencephalon
The CNS is composed of
The Brain (Cerebral Hemispheres, Cerebellum, Brainstem) The S…
Three primary brain vesicles
Prosencephalon, Mesoencepahon, and Rhombencephalon
41 terms
CNS
X-ray computed tomography (CT)
positron emission tomography (PET)
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
functional MRI
visualizes soft tissue
examine brain metabolism and blood flow, drug distribution
shows brain function
shows areas with increased neural activity by tracking blood…
X-ray computed tomography (CT)
visualizes soft tissue
positron emission tomography (PET)
examine brain metabolism and blood flow, drug distribution
29 terms
cns
pons
frontal lobe
central sulcus
parieto-occipital sulcus
pons
frontal lobe
58 terms
CNS
longitudinal fissure
sulci
gyri
cerebral cortex
divides brain into right and left hemisphere
grooves
bumps
outer shell of gray matter that covers each hemisphere. centr…
longitudinal fissure
divides brain into right and left hemisphere
sulci
grooves
122 terms
CNS
Medulla Oblongata
Medulla Olives
Inferior cerebellar peduncles
Glossopharyngeal nerve
C.... connects medulla to cerebellum
lateral superior to olive
Medulla Oblongata
Medulla Olives
177 terms
CNS
Glial Cells
central chromatolysis
Viral inclusions
Neurodegenerative inclusions
astrocytes, oliogdendrocytes, ependymal cells, choroid plexus…
regeneration of axons
Rabies - Negri bodies... CMV - Cowdry
Alzheimer - neurofibrillary tangle... Parkinson - Lewy body
Glial Cells
astrocytes, oliogdendrocytes, ependymal cells, choroid plexus…
central chromatolysis
regeneration of axons
63 terms
CNS
Anterior 2/3 of the tongue is derived…
Posterior 1/3 of the tongue is derived…
Muscles of the tongue are derived from
Oligodendrocytes are destroyed in..whi…
1st and 2nd branchial arches form anterior 2/3... (thus sensatio…
3rd and 4th branchial arches form posterior 1/3... (thus sensati…
occipital myotomes.
Oligodendrocytes are destroyed in MS while schwann cells are…
Anterior 2/3 of the tongue is derived…
1st and 2nd branchial arches form anterior 2/3... (thus sensatio…
Posterior 1/3 of the tongue is derived…
3rd and 4th branchial arches form posterior 1/3... (thus sensati…
CNS
CNS
PNS
Autonomic
PNS has two division
Central Nervous System... * Consist of Brain and spinal cord... * c…
Peripheral Nervous system... * everything outside CNS,... * has aut…
are involuntarily response... * has three motor response:... - symp…
- Afferent ... - Efferent
CNS
Central Nervous System... * Consist of Brain and spinal cord... * c…
PNS
Peripheral Nervous system... * everything outside CNS,... * has aut…
54 terms
CNS
central sulcus
primary somatosensory: simple sensatio…
primary motor cortex: moving individua…
Pre-motor: motor association small pat…
3
4
2
in front of primary motor cortex
central sulcus
3
primary somatosensory: simple sensatio…
4
CNS
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Temporal Lobe
A region of the cerebral cortex that has specialized areas fo…
A region of the cerebral cortex whose functions include proce…
A region of the cerebral cortex that processes visual informa…
Hearing
Frontal Lobe
A region of the cerebral cortex that has specialized areas fo…
Parietal Lobe
A region of the cerebral cortex whose functions include proce…
CNS
Cerebrum
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Infundibulum
Cerebrum
Thalamus
74 terms
CNS
glosso-
gyrus
innervation
neuro
tongue
prominent fold or ridge of neural cortex
distribution of sensory and motor nerves to a specific region…
nerve
glosso-
tongue
gyrus
prominent fold or ridge of neural cortex
9 terms
CNS
What are the Divisions of the CNS?
Three stages of neural plate closure
Developing embryo
Medulla oblongata
Cerebellum... Cerebrum... Diencephalon... Mesencephalon... Medulla Oblong…
1. neural plate... 2. notochord... 3. paraxial mesoderm... 4. endoderm…
1. neural fold... 2. neural groove... 3. rostral neuropore... 4. somit…
-autonomic function... -cranial nerve sensation
What are the Divisions of the CNS?
Cerebellum... Cerebrum... Diencephalon... Mesencephalon... Medulla Oblong…
Three stages of neural plate closure
1. neural plate... 2. notochord... 3. paraxial mesoderm... 4. endoderm…
33 terms
CNS
Nueron
nucleus
ganglion
glia
principle communicating cell of NS
cluster of neurons in CNS
cluster of neurons in PNS
support cells of NS
Nueron
principle communicating cell of NS
nucleus
cluster of neurons in CNS
77 terms
CNS
nerve system: CNS (brain+ spinal cord)…
somatic vs autonomic nerve system
spinal cord: position of somatic vs au…
afferent nerve of the autonomic nerve…
sense-PNS afferent nerve--CNS sensor center--CNS motor center…
somatic: 1 neuron in spinal cord ... autonomic: 2 neurons (prega…
(1) visceral afferent fibers from GI (except for sigmoid and…
nerve system: CNS (brain+ spinal cord)…
sense-PNS afferent nerve--CNS sensor center--CNS motor center…
somatic vs autonomic nerve system
somatic: 1 neuron in spinal cord ... autonomic: 2 neurons (prega…
83 terms
CNS
What are the two parts of Forebrain?
What are the parts of Telencephalon?
What are the parts of Diencephalon?
What is the other name for Midbrain?
Telencephalon and Diencephalon
-> Cerebrum... -> Hippocampus... -> Basal ganglia... -> Amygdala
-> Thalamus... -> Hypothalamus... -> Subthalamus... -> Epithalamus
Mesencephalon
What are the two parts of Forebrain?
Telencephalon and Diencephalon
What are the parts of Telencephalon?
-> Cerebrum... -> Hippocampus... -> Basal ganglia... -> Amygdala
52 terms
CNS
Neural plate invaginates to form?... Embr…
Wall of the neural tube forms?... Hollow…
Neural tube defects detected by ___ le…
Anencephaly is caused by the disruptio…
1) Neural Tube... 2) Week 4... 3) Cranial-Caudal... 4) Low Folate
1) CNS... 2) Ventricles & Spinal cord canal... 3) PNS
Alpha-Fetoprotein
the cranial end of the neural tube
Neural plate invaginates to form?... Embr…
1) Neural Tube... 2) Week 4... 3) Cranial-Caudal... 4) Low Folate
Wall of the neural tube forms?... Hollow…
1) CNS... 2) Ventricles & Spinal cord canal... 3) PNS
11 terms
CNS
Neurons
Neuroglia
All other body systems
A conscious/ voluntary level and an un…
Cells that serve as the structural and functional units of th…
Primarily connective tissue that protects and holds neurons i…
The nervous system controls...
The nervous system functions both at..
Neurons
Cells that serve as the structural and functional units of th…
Neuroglia
Primarily connective tissue that protects and holds neurons i…
CNS
Satellite cells
Schwan cells
Neuroglia in the Peripheral Nervous Sy…
Oligodendrocytes
-surround neuron cell bodies in ganglia... -Regulate oxygen, car…
-surround axons in PNS... -responsible for myelination of periph…
-Satellite cells... -Schwann cells
-Myelinate CNS axons... -Provide structural framework
Satellite cells
-surround neuron cell bodies in ganglia... -Regulate oxygen, car…
Schwan cells
-surround axons in PNS... -responsible for myelination of periph…
395 terms
CNS
Neurulation (closure):
Sulcus Limitans:
Forebrain turns into:
Telencephalon turns into:
- Zip up and zip down
- Separates neural tube into a ventral/dorsal half... - Separate…
- Telencephalon... - Diencephalon
- Cerebral Cortex... - Most basal ganglia... - Subcortical white ma…
Neurulation (closure):
- Zip up and zip down
Sulcus Limitans:
- Separates neural tube into a ventral/dorsal half... - Separate…
40 terms
CNS
Telencephalon(secondary brain vesicles)
Diencephalon(secondary brain vesicles)
Mesencephalon(secondary brain vesicles)
Metencephalon(secondary brain vesicles)
cortex(adult brain structure)
Thalamus,hypothalamus(adult brain structure)
midbrain(adult brain structure)
pons and cerebellum(adult brain structure)
Telencephalon(secondary brain vesicles)
cortex(adult brain structure)
Diencephalon(secondary brain vesicles)
Thalamus,hypothalamus(adult brain structure)
39 terms
CNS
"Duret Hemorrhage" ... transtendorial (U…
"Anencephaly"
"Setting Sun Sign"... The fontanels will…
"Dandy-Walker Syndrome" ... Absence of c…
"Duret Hemorrhage" ... transtendorial (U…
"Anencephaly"
432 terms
CNS
What is the only bone that does not ar…
The cricothyroid ligament attaches wha…
What attaches the thyroid cartilage to…
Which fascia of the neck contains the…
The hyoid bone
The cricoid cartilage
The thyrohyoid membrane
the superficial
What is the only bone that does not ar…
The hyoid bone
The cricothyroid ligament attaches wha…
The cricoid cartilage
14 terms
CNS
rizatriptan
sumatriptan
phentermine
temazepam
Maxalt, Maxalt MLT
Imitrex,Sunavel,Alsuma
Adipex-P
Restoril
rizatriptan
Maxalt, Maxalt MLT
sumatriptan
Imitrex,Sunavel,Alsuma
47 terms
CNS
acetaminophen
diclofenac
naproxen
ibuprofen
Tylenol
Voltaren
Naprosyn
Advil
acetaminophen
Tylenol
diclofenac
Voltaren
40 terms
CNS
CNS
Cerebrum (telencephalon)
Cerebral Hemispheres
Left Hemisphere
Brain... -Cerebrum (Telencephalon)... -Diencephalon... -Brain Stem... -Ce…
-Coomprises 84% of brain mass... -5 lobes: frontal, parietal, oc…
-Separated by longitudinal issues (Fissure of Rolando)*... -Some…
-Dominant control over language, math, and logic... -90% of popu…
CNS
Brain... -Cerebrum (Telencephalon)... -Diencephalon... -Brain Stem... -Ce…
Cerebrum (telencephalon)
-Coomprises 84% of brain mass... -5 lobes: frontal, parietal, oc…
304 terms
CNS
Leptomeningeal angiomatosis, which dz??
absent red-reflex on physical examinat…
eye can't adduct ... muscle and nerve
abduct but can't look up... muscle and ne…
Sturge-Weber disease ,
known as leukocoria... Sturge-Weber disease
MR... 32
Superior rectus muscle... 3
Leptomeningeal angiomatosis, which dz??
Sturge-Weber disease ,
absent red-reflex on physical examinat…
known as leukocoria... Sturge-Weber disease
CNS
cerebral hemisphere
brain stem and cerebellum
ventricles
cerebrospinal fluid
the largest part of the human brain is... (paired)
what are the two major subdivisions of the brain?
what are the cavities found in the brain called?
what do ventricles contain?
cerebral hemisphere
the largest part of the human brain is... (paired)
brain stem and cerebellum
what are the two major subdivisions of the brain?
CNS
Precentral gyrus
Premotor region
Frontal eye fields
Prefrontal cortex
Frontal lobe... Voluntary movement of body and head
Frontal lobe... Aids and integrates voluntary movement of body
Frontal lobe ... Voluntary horizontal movement of eye
Frontal lobe ... Intellectual functions; affective process
Precentral gyrus
Frontal lobe... Voluntary movement of body and head
Premotor region
Frontal lobe... Aids and integrates voluntary movement of body
10 terms
CNS
Primary Brain Vesicles
How many lobes are there
What does the diencephalon specialize…
What does the metencephalon transform…
Prosencephalon, Mesencephalon, Rhombencephalon
5) Frontal, Occipital, Temporal, Parietal, and Insula
The hypothalmus
The pon and Cerebellum
Primary Brain Vesicles
Prosencephalon, Mesencephalon, Rhombencephalon
How many lobes are there
5) Frontal, Occipital, Temporal, Parietal, and Insula
117 terms
CNS
Name the 4 regions of the brain
What parts of the brain make up the br…
What is the main function of the brain…
arbor vitae
Brain stem, Cerebellum, Diencephalon, Cerebral Hemispheres
Midbrain, Pons and Medulla Oblongata
Passageway for all fiber tracts running between the cerebrum…
Name the 4 regions of the brain
Brain stem, Cerebellum, Diencephalon, Cerebral Hemispheres
What parts of the brain make up the br…
Midbrain, Pons and Medulla Oblongata
85 terms
CNS
arbor vitae
cerebellum
corpus callosum
anterior median fissure
arbor vitae
cerebellum
cns
brain
cerebrum
cerebellum
pituitary gland
brain
cerebrum
19 terms
CNS
Mortality
Bacterial
Viral
Detection
Treated - 20%, untreated 75%
septic, purulent, high fever, rapid onset
aseptic, gradual onset, sever headache,
culture, acid fast, Gram Stain, Acridine Orange Stain
Mortality
Treated - 20%, untreated 75%
Bacterial
septic, purulent, high fever, rapid onset
43 terms
CNS
central nervous system
dura mater
arachnoid mater
piamater
is protected by:... -bones: the cranium and vertebrae... -3 meninge…
-most superficial ... -dense regular connective tissue
-middle layer... -web-like membrane of collagen and matrix fiber
-innermost layer... -adheres to brain/spinal cord... -epithelial in…
central nervous system
is protected by:... -bones: the cranium and vertebrae... -3 meninge…
dura mater
-most superficial ... -dense regular connective tissue
11 terms
CNS
Meloxicam
Naproxen
Acetaminophen
Aspirin
Mobic... Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory
Aleve... Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory
Tylenol, Feverall ... Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory... + Analgesi…
Bayer, Aspirin, Ecotrin ... Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory... + An…
Meloxicam
Mobic... Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory
Naproxen
Aleve... Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory
CNS
Hypothalamus
Telencephalon
Dorsal Thalamus
Ventral Thalamus
Regulates complex body functions:... -Food intake.... -Fluid balanc…
2 Major regions:... 1. Nuclear Structures ... -Basal ganglia (motor…
-Sensory gateway to neocortex. ... -Separate nuclei for each sen…
Motor Functions
Hypothalamus
Regulates complex body functions:... -Food intake.... -Fluid balanc…
Telencephalon
2 Major regions:... 1. Nuclear Structures ... -Basal ganglia (motor…
50 terms
CNS
Frontal Lobe
Central Sulcus
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Central Sulcus
88 terms
CNS
Central Nervous System
Afferent Neurons
Efferent Neurons
Association Neurons
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Sensory neurons, conduct impulses from sensory receptors into…
Motor Neurons, Send impulses away from center of activity (CN…
Also known as interneurons, located entirely w/in CNS and int…
Central Nervous System
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Afferent Neurons
Sensory neurons, conduct impulses from sensory receptors into…
65 terms
CNS
Tylenol
Voltaren
Naprosyn
Advil
acetaminophen
diclofenac
naproxen
ibuprofen
Tylenol
acetaminophen
Voltaren
diclofenac
CNS
This is located on the precentral gyrus.
This allows conscious movement of Skel…
develops from the embryonic neural tube
Which area contains the thalamus, hypo…
Primary Motor area
Primary Motor area
Central nervous system- brain and spinal cord
diencephalon
This is located on the precentral gyrus.
Primary Motor area
This allows conscious movement of Skel…
Primary Motor area
53 terms
CNS
Frontal lobe
prefrontal cortex
Broca's area
wernicke's area, broca's area, general…
Lobe involved with voluntary motor control, speaking, writing…
reasoning, learning, personality, judgement, planning, foresi…
helps to preplan voluntary movements in speech like moving ja…
the three regions of the brain only found in the left hemisph…
Frontal lobe
Lobe involved with voluntary motor control, speaking, writing…
prefrontal cortex
reasoning, learning, personality, judgement, planning, foresi…
CNs
CN I
CN II
CN III
CN IV
Olfactory ... Sensory: smell
Optic... Sensory: vision
Oculomotor... Motor: Ciliary muscle, sphincter pupillae, all ext…
Troclear... M: Superior oblique muscle of eye
CN I
Olfactory ... Sensory: smell
CN II
Optic... Sensory: vision
12 terms
CNs
CN 1 Olfactory
CN 2 Optic
CN 3 Oculomotor
CN 4 Trochlear
Smell
Visual Acuity, Visual Fields and Retina (ocular fundi), Pupil…
Extra Ocular Movements (EOM--moving eyes in different directi…
EOM
CN 1 Olfactory
Smell
CN 2 Optic
Visual Acuity, Visual Fields and Retina (ocular fundi), Pupil…
32 terms
CNS
norochord
ectoderm
refers to the fact that the two halves…
white matter
What embryonic structure induces the formation of the nervous…
From which primary germ tissue does the nervous system develop?
what is LATERALIZATION?
what is myelinated axons that make up the "wiring harness" of…
norochord
What embryonic structure induces the formation of the nervous…
ectoderm
From which primary germ tissue does the nervous system develop?
95 terms
CNS
Cerebrum, Cerebellum, and Brainstem
Gyrus
Sulcus
Central Sulcus
What are the three main parts of the brain?
A "ridge" in the brain.
A "valley" in the brain.
Frontal lobe lies anterior to this, while the parietal lobes…
Cerebrum, Cerebellum, and Brainstem
What are the three main parts of the brain?
Gyrus
A "ridge" in the brain.
35 terms
Cns
Cns two main parts
Cells that conduct electric impulses
Dura mater
Arachnoid
Brain and spinal cord
Cranial and spinal
Outer layer hard mother
Mid layer
Cns two main parts
Brain and spinal cord
Cells that conduct electric impulses
Cranial and spinal
94 terms
CNS
Four lobes of the cerebrum
Cerebrum controls
Gyri
Corpus Callosum
Frontal... Parietal... Temporal... Occipital
Voluntary actions, speech, senses, thought and memory
The elevated convolutions of Cerebral Cortex that increases t…
The largest collection of WHITE matter within the brain = hig…
Four lobes of the cerebrum
Frontal... Parietal... Temporal... Occipital
Cerebrum controls
Voluntary actions, speech, senses, thought and memory
CNS
Gray matter
White matter
Dorsal horns
Ventral horns
dendrites and neural cell bodies
myelinated axons
contain sensory relay neurons (not primary afferent neurons)
contain motor neurons and regulatory interneurons
Gray matter
dendrites and neural cell bodies
White matter
myelinated axons
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