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Study sets matching "cognition thinking"

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Study sets matching "cognition thinking"

28 terms
Thinking/ Cognition
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
Activities linked with Thinking, Knowing, Remembering, and co…
mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
a mental image or ideal version of something. What you pictur…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognition
Activities linked with Thinking, Knowing, Remembering, and co…
Concept
mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
11 terms
Cognition-Thinking (concepts and cognition)
concept
typicality
prototype
superordinate concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or peopl…
the degree to which an object fits the average - the more it…
The first thought or typical picture we have on a concept (th…
the most general form of a type of concept, such as "animal"…
concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or peopl…
typicality
the degree to which an object fits the average - the more it…
12 terms
Cognition: Thinking
Cognition
Cognitive Psychology
Concepts
Prototype
Mental activity associated with thinking, knowing, and rememb…
The study of these mental activites... - Concept Formation... - Pro…
Mental groupings of similar objects, events, or people... - org…
If a new object is similar to our prototype, we are better ab…
Cognition
Mental activity associated with thinking, knowing, and rememb…
Cognitive Psychology
The study of these mental activites... - Concept Formation... - Pro…
8 terms
Cognition & Thinking
introspection
cognition
thinking
concept
examination of one's own conscious activities
mental activity associated with obtaining, converting, and us…
mental activity associated with coming to a decision, reachin…
mental representations of categories of objects, situations,…
introspection
examination of one's own conscious activities
cognition
mental activity associated with obtaining, converting, and us…
15 terms
Thinking (Cognition)
Cognition
Concepts
Prototypes
Steps to problem solving
mental activities associated with processing, understanding a…
mental group of similar objects; events or people... Function: h…
incorporates features most closely associated with concept; t…
1.Define problem... 2. Devise a strategy... 3. Implement the strate…
Cognition
mental activities associated with processing, understanding a…
Concepts
mental group of similar objects; events or people... Function: h…
13 terms
Thinking (Cognition)
Cognition
Thinking
Concepts
Prototypes
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Mental activities associated with processing, understanding,…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or peopl…
Incorporates features most closely associated with concepts.…
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Thinking
Mental activities associated with processing, understanding,…
22 terms
Cognition- Thinking
Steps in Problem Solving
Well Defined Problems
Solving Well Defined Problems
Examples of Ill-Defined Problems
ID problem -> generate solutions -> choose best solution
A problem that can be solved with a clear set of steps; can v…
1. Algorithms= a rule or step-by-step process that guarantees…
Dunkers Candle, 9 Dots, Tower of Hanoi, Hobbits and Orces = P…
Steps in Problem Solving
ID problem -> generate solutions -> choose best solution
Well Defined Problems
A problem that can be solved with a clear set of steps; can v…
22 terms
Cognition & Thinking
Cognition
Thinking
Mental representation of...
Concepts are organized in memory from...
Mental activity associated with obtaining, converting, and us…
Mental activity that involves coming to a decision, reaching…
Objects, situations, and ideas that belong together- based on…
Most prototypical to the least prototypical
Cognition
Mental activity associated with obtaining, converting, and us…
Thinking
Mental activity that involves coming to a decision, reaching…
25 terms
Thinking & Cognition
Concept
Cognition
Prototype
Algorithm
mental grouping of alike objects, events, ideas, or people
mental acts that include thinking, knowing, remembering, and…
quick and easy sorting method through a mental image or examp…
contrary to 'heuristics' problem; problem solved through logi…
Concept
mental grouping of alike objects, events, ideas, or people
Cognition
mental acts that include thinking, knowing, remembering, and…
11 terms
Cognition "Thinking"
Cognition
Mental Image
Representations of Mental Image
Gender Differences
Mental representation and manipulation of information.
Picture or visual representation of something or something th…
Can help come up with solutions to problems.
The way men and women represent the world around them; men -…
Cognition
Mental representation and manipulation of information.
Mental Image
Picture or visual representation of something or something th…
20 terms
Cognition (Thinking)
Cognition (Thinking)
Concept
Basic concept (basic level type)
Prototype
* mental activity that occurs in the brain when information i…
a mental category that groups together objects, relations, ab…
a concept that has a moderate number of instances and are eas…
* a very representative example of a concept... - help identify…
Cognition (Thinking)
* mental activity that occurs in the brain when information i…
Concept
a mental category that groups together objects, relations, ab…
37 terms
Cognition-Thinking
cognition*
schema
System 1
script
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a concept or framework that organizes and interprets informat…
fast, intuitive reactions and instantaneous decisions that go…
...
cognition*
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
schema
a concept or framework that organizes and interprets informat…
11 terms
cognition: thinking
prototype
algorithm
heuristic
confirmation bias
a mental image or best example of a category. matching new it…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judge…
a tendency to search for information that supports our precon…
prototype
a mental image or best example of a category. matching new it…
algorithm
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
14 terms
Cognition: Thinking
Cognition
Cognitive Psychology
Concept
Piaget's Schemas
Mental activity associated with thinking, knowing, and rememb…
The study of the mental activities
Mental grouping of similar objects, events, or people
Knowledge clusters that provide expectations about topics, ev…
Cognition
Mental activity associated with thinking, knowing, and rememb…
Cognitive Psychology
The study of the mental activities
8 terms
Thinking/cognition
Heuristics
Representativeness heuristic
Availability heuristic
Mental set
Rules of thumb, shortcuts, trusted methods
Decide course of action based in how close to a prototype is
What you are thinking about at the time dictates problem solv…
Repeating what worked in the past
Heuristics
Rules of thumb, shortcuts, trusted methods
Representativeness heuristic
Decide course of action based in how close to a prototype is
40 terms
cognition/thinking
cognition
schema
system 1
script
our thoughts, perspective, and expectations
...
the fast system that works without self awareness or self con…
...
cognition
our thoughts, perspective, and expectations
schema
...
13 terms
Thinking cognition
Concept thoughts
prototype
Mental images (thoughts)
Algorithms
A mental grouping o f similar objects, events, ideas, or peop…
A mental image or best example of a category.... Example: "dog"…
representation for concepts
A rule that guarantees the right solution to a problem. Usual…
Concept thoughts
A mental grouping o f similar objects, events, ideas, or peop…
prototype
A mental image or best example of a category.... Example: "dog"…
52 terms
Cognition/Thinking
Concepts
Superordinate Concept
Basic level Concept
Subordinate Concept
an idea that represents classes or categories of objects, eve…
Most general
slightly more specific
Most specific
Concepts
an idea that represents classes or categories of objects, eve…
Superordinate Concept
Most general
20 terms
Thinking/Cognition
Thinking
Mental images
Concepts
Super ordinate concepts
Mental activity that goes on in the brian when a person is pr…
Representations that stand in for objects or events and have…
Ideas that represent a class or category
More specific
Thinking
Mental activity that goes on in the brian when a person is pr…
Mental images
Representations that stand in for objects or events and have…
20 terms
Thinking and Cognition
cognition
cognitive scientist
schema
hierarchies
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
study how we form concepts, solve problems, make decisions, a…
a mental grouping of similar things
further dividing concepts into smaller groups
cognition
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
cognitive scientist
study how we form concepts, solve problems, make decisions, a…
50 terms
Thinking and Cognition
Cognition
Symbol
Concept
Prototype
Refers to all the mental activities associated with processin…
An object that represents, stands for, or suggests an idea, v…
-Mental groups of similar objects, events and people... -Sometim…
- Form some concepts through an exemplar- that which is MORE…
Cognition
Refers to all the mental activities associated with processin…
Symbol
An object that represents, stands for, or suggests an idea, v…
Cognition and Thinking
Cognition
Mental Activities in Cognition
Thinking by problem solving
Using Trial and Error
process of knowing, understanding, remembering, and communica…
problem solving, decision making, and judgement formation
trail and error, heuristics, insight
process of solving problems by mistakes, make changes and try…
Cognition
process of knowing, understanding, remembering, and communica…
Mental Activities in Cognition
problem solving, decision making, and judgement formation
36 terms
Thinking and Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
30 terms
Thinking and Cognition
Prototype
Algorithms
Confirmation Bias
Symbol
the best example of something within a certain category
a very precise and well-defined set of instructions for solvi…
a tendency to search for information that confirms preconcept…
an object that means something else
Prototype
the best example of something within a certain category
Algorithms
a very precise and well-defined set of instructions for solvi…
31 terms
Thinking And Cognition
Thinking
Concepts
Prototypes
Algorithms
Refers to all the mental activities associated with process,…
Mental groupings of a similar object, events, and people, spe…
A mental image or best example that incorporates all the feat…
Step-by-step procedures that guarantee a solution. Can be lab…
Thinking
Refers to all the mental activities associated with process,…
Concepts
Mental groupings of a similar object, events, and people, spe…
41 terms
Cognition thinking
Linguistic Determination
Outcome stimulation
Process stimulation
Language
Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think
Mental visualization of what can happen
Visualization on how to get somewhere
Our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine…
Linguistic Determination
Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think
Outcome stimulation
Mental visualization of what can happen
15 terms
Thinking and Cognition
Cognition
Mental image
Concept
Prototype
The mental activities involved in acquiring, storing, retriev…
The mental representation of a previously stored sensory expe…
The mental representation of a group or category.
The example that embodies the "best" or most typical features…
Cognition
The mental activities involved in acquiring, storing, retriev…
Mental image
The mental representation of a previously stored sensory expe…
17 terms
Thinking and Cognition
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Creativity
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
The ability to produce novel and valuable ideas
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
17 terms
Thinking and Cognition
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Creativity
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
The ability to produce novel and valuable ideas
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
18 terms
Thinking and Cognition
Stroop Effect
Change Blindness
Spreading Activation
Algorithm
The tendency to read the words instead of saying the color of…
The failure to detect in parts of a scene because our working…
Thinking about one concept will activate or prime the concept…
(used to solve System 2 problems) an explicit procedure for c…
Stroop Effect
The tendency to read the words instead of saying the color of…
Change Blindness
The failure to detect in parts of a scene because our working…
10 terms
Thinking and cognition
concepts
prototypes
conformation bais
fixation
mental groupings of similar objects, events, and people ... Help…
formation of concepts based on best example... Examples that mat…
seek evidence that confirms views more than evidence that wou…
inability to see a problem from a fresh perspective
concepts
mental groupings of similar objects, events, and people ... Help…
prototypes
formation of concepts based on best example... Examples that mat…
23 terms
Thinking and Cognition
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
mental processes involved in acquiring, organizing, rememberi…
mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas or people
Form concepts with mental images or typical examples
Systematic, mechanical approaches that guarantee an eventual…
Cognition
mental processes involved in acquiring, organizing, rememberi…
Concept
mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas or people
36 terms
Thinking and Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
26 terms
Thinking and Cognition
cognition
thinking
concepts
Why concepts are important to recognit…
The way in which information is processed and manipulated in…
The process of manipulating information mentally by forming c…
Mental categories that are used to group objects, events, and…
1. The concept allows us to generalize (don't have to underst…
cognition
The way in which information is processed and manipulated in…
thinking
The process of manipulating information mentally by forming c…
35 terms
Cognition/Thinking
artificial concepts
artificial concept
natural concepts
natural concept
formal clearly defined by set rules
fruit is an example of
casual or fuzzy, no precise set of properties
car is an example of
artificial concepts
formal clearly defined by set rules
artificial concept
fruit is an example of
24 terms
Thinking (cognitive)
dread risk
base rate neglect
heuristic
representative heuristic
events with dire consequences receive a lot of publicity, and…
ignoring prior probability of evidence
shortcut (rule of thumb/informal guideline) used to reduce th…
using similarity between a category and an example to draw co…
dread risk
events with dire consequences receive a lot of publicity, and…
base rate neglect
ignoring prior probability of evidence
17 terms
cognitive thinking
cognition
concepts
imagery
abstract
the mental processes that are involved in thinking, knowing,…
mental categories used to represent a class or a group of obj…
representation in the mind of a sensory experience (any of ou…
representation through symbols (like words)
cognition
the mental processes that are involved in thinking, knowing,…
concepts
mental categories used to represent a class or a group of obj…
114 terms
Cognition- Memory, Language, Thinking
Memory
Storage
Information-Processing Model
Levels-Of-Processing Model
An active system that receives information from the senses, p…
Holding on to information for some period of time
Model of memory that assumes the processing of information fo…
Model of memory that assumes information that is more "deeply…
Memory
An active system that receives information from the senses, p…
Storage
Holding on to information for some period of time
53 terms
Cognition (Thinking, Language, and Intelligence)
Cognition:
Concept:
Prototype:
Algorithm:
mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remember…
mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
mental image or best example of a category. Matching new item…
methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving…
Cognition:
mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remember…
Concept:
mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
49 terms
Cognitive Thinking
Define memory
Memory
Explicit memory
declarative
earning that persists over time. It is our ability to store a…
Recall: retrieve info that is not in working memory... Recogniti…
is processed in the hippocampus.
general knowledge, facts, semantic
Define memory
earning that persists over time. It is our ability to store a…
Memory
Recall: retrieve info that is not in working memory... Recogniti…
50 terms
Cognition: Thinking and Problem Solving
Cognition
Cognition Concepts
Cognitive Schema
Cognitive Prototypes
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
mental categories that group objects, activities, events, ide…
Integrates mental network if knowledge, beliefs, and expectat…
mental images or best example of a category (tweety bird=bird…
Cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Cognition Concepts
mental categories that group objects, activities, events, ide…
10 terms
Cognition, thinking, and intelligence.
Mental Set
fixation
functional fixedness
representativness
a tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, often a…
the inability to see a problem from a new perspective
the tendency to think of things only in terms of their unusua…
judging the likelihood of new things in terms of how well the…
Mental Set
a tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, often a…
fixation
the inability to see a problem from a new perspective
70 terms
Cognition: Thinking & Language
cognition
logical concepts
natural concepts
visual images
the mental activities associated with thought, decision makin…
concepts that can be clearly defined by a set of rules or pro…
concepts that are not based on a precise set of attributes or…
mental pictures or representations of objects or events
cognition
the mental activities associated with thought, decision makin…
logical concepts
concepts that can be clearly defined by a set of rules or pro…
cognition: thinking and intelligence
Thinking
mental images
concept.
prototype
mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person is or…
mental representations that stand for objects or events and h…
ideas that represents a class or category of objects, events…
an example of a concept that closely matches the defining cha…
Thinking
mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person is or…
mental images
mental representations that stand for objects or events and h…
40 terms
Psychology cognition/thinking
Encoding
Retrieval
Connectionism
Sensory memory
To learn
to access what you have learned
Memory stored is interconnected; words closely related to eac…
You're consciously activated but limited capacity memory
Encoding
To learn
Retrieval
to access what you have learned
39 terms
Cognition -- Thinking and Language (AP)
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
a mental group of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
a mental group of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
64 terms
1001W Thinking and Social Cognition
Judgements
Decision-Making
risk-averse, gambling
Gains
Probability/likelihood of uncertain events
Thinking and process involved in making choices
When we talk about getting stuff we tend to take the ________…
When we talk about getting stuff
Judgements
Probability/likelihood of uncertain events
Decision-Making
Thinking and process involved in making choices
40 terms
BHS Cognition, Thinking and Language
Computer metaphor
Intelligence
Concepts
Natural concepts
the brain is an info processing organ and acts like a computer
The mental capacity to acquire knowledge, reason, and solve p…
Mental representations of categories of items/ideas, based on…
Mental representations of objects/events from direct experience
Computer metaphor
the brain is an info processing organ and acts like a computer
Intelligence
The mental capacity to acquire knowledge, reason, and solve p…
55 terms
Cognition Thinking 1
rational thinking
key
goal
normative responding
an un-bias, objective viewing of evidence, using appropriate…
integrate available information with prior knowledge and expe…
planning, decision-making, goal-resolution, prediction, expla…
ideal responding
rational thinking
an un-bias, objective viewing of evidence, using appropriate…
key
integrate available information with prior knowledge and expe…
43 terms
Cognition Thinking 2
Problem
goal state
operators
well-defined problems
Notably suboptimal situation that is novel or lacks obvious c…
improved situation (the place you want to be)
things you can do, the steps you can take to get from the pro…
you know what the problem is and you know what you can possib…
Problem
Notably suboptimal situation that is novel or lacks obvious c…
goal state
improved situation (the place you want to be)
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