Study sets matching "cognition"

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Study sets matching "cognition"

Cognition
Cognition
Perception
Knowledge
Problem Solving
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
The act of becoming aware through the senses or interpreting…
Knowing information and being able to recall specific facts.
To use cognitive processing to find a solution to a difficult…
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Perception
The act of becoming aware through the senses or interpreting…
162 terms
Cognition
what is the language of thought?
Black box theory
Behaviorism in the study of cognition
Role of behaviorism today
introspection: the deeply limited examination of one own cons…
The mind (is a big black box) that is determined by what come…
response to introspection and psyc as unscientific ... it cuts o…
1. comparative cognition... 2. learning theory ... 3. clinical psyc…
what is the language of thought?
introspection: the deeply limited examination of one own cons…
Black box theory
The mind (is a big black box) that is determined by what come…
65 terms
Cognition
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
the processing of information into the memory system - for ex…
the process of retaining encoded information over time (p.319)
the process of getting information out of memory storage (p.3…
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system - for ex…
97 terms
Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
Cognition
Memory:
Information-processing model:
Levels of processing model:
Sensory memory:
any indication that learning has persisted over time.
proposes the three stages that information passes through bef…
memories are deeply (elaboratively) or shallowly (maintenance…
a split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information…
Memory:
any indication that learning has persisted over time.
Information-processing model:
proposes the three stages that information passes through bef…
35 terms
cognition
memory
information processing model
encoding
storage
human capacity to register, retain, and remember information
model of memory - encoding, storage, and retrieval
the process of putting information into the memory system
the retention of encoded information over time
memory
human capacity to register, retain, and remember information
information processing model
model of memory - encoding, storage, and retrieval
75 terms
Cognition
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
the processing of information into the memory system - occurs…
the process of retaining encoded information over time
the process of getting information out of memory storage (pul…
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system - occurs…
Cognition
brains are costly:
brains risk:
Brains work in a:
Marr's 3 levels of computation
3% of body mass and it uses 20% of the bodies energy.
increased risk of whiplash, makes childbirth difficult
computational decision making machines that deal with environ…
Computational theory... Representational and algorithm... Hardware…
brains are costly:
3% of body mass and it uses 20% of the bodies energy.
brains risk:
increased risk of whiplash, makes childbirth difficult
50 terms
Cognition
intelligence
factor analysis
general intelligence (g)
savant syndrome
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
a general intelligence factor that according to Spearman and…
a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental abi…
intelligence
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
factor analysis
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
Cognition
Memory
Information-processing model
Levels of processing model
Sensory memory
Mental process involved in the encoding, storage, and retriev…
Encoding- retain info over time... Storage- retain info over tim…
1. Sensory memory- fleeting records of information to be reme…
all sensations that come into our brain ... the immediate, very…
Memory
Mental process involved in the encoding, storage, and retriev…
Information-processing model
Encoding- retain info over time... Storage- retain info over tim…
60 terms
Cognition
Cognition
Key Aspects of Cognition
Risk Factors for Impaired Cognition
Medications that place a Patient at ri…
Cognition is the process of thought by which an individual le…
-Cognition occurs along a spectrum from impaired levels to op…
-Altered sleep patterns... -Life style/hazardous jobs or hobbies…
-Anticholinergics... -CNS Stimulants/Depressants... -Antipsychotics
Cognition
Cognition is the process of thought by which an individual le…
Key Aspects of Cognition
-Cognition occurs along a spectrum from impaired levels to op…
Cognition
working memory (aka short term mem.)
Short term memory (aka working memory)
long term memory
Short term v.s. long term memory
is the brief, immediate memory for the limited amount of mate…
The part of the memory that holds only the small amount of in…
The large capacity memory for experiences and information acc…
Short Term ... -purpose hold perception for analysis... - 30 sec du…
working memory (aka short term mem.)
is the brief, immediate memory for the limited amount of mate…
Short term memory (aka working memory)
The part of the memory that holds only the small amount of in…
98 terms
Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
A systematic, step-by-step series of rules or procedures that…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
25 terms
Cognition
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Exemplar
Internal mental processes including information processing, t…
An organizing principle derived from experience. (Cacioppo/Fr…
A representation of a category formed by averaging all member…
A specific member of a category used to represent the categor…
Cognition
Internal mental processes including information processing, t…
Concept
An organizing principle derived from experience. (Cacioppo/Fr…
Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
A systematic, step-by-step series of rules or procedures that…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
13 terms
Cognition
semantics
Phonemes
Morphemes
Algorithms
Meaning of words and sentences
smallest unit of sound
The smallest units of meaning in a language.
A rule that guarantees the right solution by using a formula…
semantics
Meaning of words and sentences
Phonemes
smallest unit of sound
Cognition
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
Cognition
Schema
Information processing
Declarative knowledge
Procedural knowledge
Studebts organize sets of facs about a concept or event can b…
Help us understand that students need to know what they are l…
Teachers can elicit declarative knowledge from students by st…
Set of steps or procedures on how to do sometime.
Schema
Studebts organize sets of facs about a concept or event can b…
Information processing
Help us understand that students need to know what they are l…
29 terms
Cognition
Language Acquisition Device
Over-regularization
Concepts
Prototype
innate ability to understand and produce language
grammatical errors that usually start in the early stages of…
ideas that represent a class or category of objects, events,…
a concept that closely matches the defining characteristics o…
Language Acquisition Device
innate ability to understand and produce language
Over-regularization
grammatical errors that usually start in the early stages of…
Cognition
memory
encoding
storage
retreival
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
The processing of information into the memory system. ... for ex…
The retention of encoded information over time.
process of bringing information stored in long term memory in…
memory
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
The processing of information into the memory system. ... for ex…
95 terms
cognition
Descartes; rationalism (1596-1650)
britsh empiricism (mid 1600s to mid 17…
wundt and tischner
prolbems w introspection-
school of thought that stressed thinking... catresian dualism; r…
wants something measurably observable
structuralism and introspection- thinking through personal ex…
-results tried from one paqrticipant to the next ... -results co…
Descartes; rationalism (1596-1650)
school of thought that stressed thinking... catresian dualism; r…
britsh empiricism (mid 1600s to mid 17…
wants something measurably observable
13 terms
Cognition
Maintenance Rehearsal
Elaborative Rehearsal
Top-Down Processing
Bottom-Up Processing
conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it or…
more effective way to aid the encoding process. Making connec…
...
...
Maintenance Rehearsal
conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it or…
Elaborative Rehearsal
more effective way to aid the encoding process. Making connec…
121 terms
Cognition
Cognitive Psychology
thesis --(flaws/alt ideas) antithesis
Rationalist
Who are some rationalists
study how people perceive, learn, remember, and think about i…
synthesis: best of both-->new thesis (flaws/alt idea)
acquire knowledge through thinking and logical analysis (i.e.…
Plato/Descartes
Cognitive Psychology
study how people perceive, learn, remember, and think about i…
thesis --(flaws/alt ideas) antithesis
synthesis: best of both-->new thesis (flaws/alt idea)
Cognition
perception
attention
executive processes
mental imagery
detection and interpretation of sensory stimuli (not same as…
we'll see that attention is a system (e.g., like Vision is a…
how control is exercised over behavior
what are mental images and how are they similar or dissimilar…
perception
detection and interpretation of sensory stimuli (not same as…
attention
we'll see that attention is a system (e.g., like Vision is a…
74 terms
Cognition
Memory
Information Processing Model
Encoding
Storage
Any system-human, animal, or machine-that encodes stores and…
A cognitive understanding of memory emphasizing how informati…
One of the three basic tasks of memory, involving the modific…
One of the three basic tasks of memory, involving the retenti…
Memory
Any system-human, animal, or machine-that encodes stores and…
Information Processing Model
A cognitive understanding of memory emphasizing how informati…
Cognition
Information Processing Model
Encoding
Long Term Potentiation
Effortful Processing
encoding, storage, retieval
our brain enters information into our memory
neurons ability to make a long lasting memory
actively and consciously trying to remember something long-term
Information Processing Model
encoding, storage, retieval
Encoding
our brain enters information into our memory
72 terms
Cognition
information processing model
sensory memory
george sperling
iconic memory
three- box model; proposes the three stages that information…
split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information
demonstrated, through showing rows of letters and numbers to…
type of sensory memory; split second perfect photograph of a…
information processing model
three- box model; proposes the three stages that information…
sensory memory
split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information
43 terms
Cognition
Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
sensorimotor stage
object permanence
properational stage
Piaget argued children weren't miniature adults. Believed the…
Piaget... 0-2 years, children are said to be in sensorimotor st…
developed in sensorimotor stage - don't realize objects still…
2-7 years, when children are going to develop/engage in prete…
Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Piaget argued children weren't miniature adults. Believed the…
sensorimotor stage
Piaget... 0-2 years, children are said to be in sensorimotor st…
35 terms
Cognition
Memory
Information-processing model
Atkinson-Shiffrin
Sensory Memory
Retaining any change in skill or behavior
Compares memory to computer processing... 1. Encoding- acquiring…
More biological and neural process... 1. Sensory Memory- fleetin…
all sensations that come into our brain... the immediate, very b…
Memory
Retaining any change in skill or behavior
Information-processing model
Compares memory to computer processing... 1. Encoding- acquiring…
16 terms
Cognition
course objectives
cognition
what makes thinking about "theatre abo…
The mind and nurture v nature debate
1) introduce several forms of self-reflexive theatre 2) expla…
processes of thought that lead to the creation of meaning and…
1)The mind - main analytical tool
empirical research shows mind not blank slate at birth; neith…
course objectives
1) introduce several forms of self-reflexive theatre 2) expla…
cognition
processes of thought that lead to the creation of meaning and…
97 terms
Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
A systematic, step-by-step series of rules or procedures that…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
23 terms
Cognition
metacognition
algorithm
heuristics
prototypes
"Thinking about thinking" or the ability to evaluate a cognit…
A step-by-step procedure that leads to a definite solution. C…
Mental shortcuts or "rules of thumb" that often lead to a sol…
type of thought where our concepts are based on what we think…
metacognition
"Thinking about thinking" or the ability to evaluate a cognit…
algorithm
A step-by-step procedure that leads to a definite solution. C…
Cognition
phonemes
morphemes
grammar
generative
the smallest unit of sounds in a language
the smallest unit of meaning in a language
rules of how to use a langugae
because languages are constantly growing and evolving we say…
phonemes
the smallest unit of sounds in a language
morphemes
the smallest unit of meaning in a language
37 terms
Cognition
Cognition
Concepts
Superordinate concept
Basic concept
To use one's mental processes to solve problems.
Mental groupings of similar objects, events, and people.
The most general form of a type concept.
An example of a type of concept around which other similar co…
Cognition
To use one's mental processes to solve problems.
Concepts
Mental groupings of similar objects, events, and people.
30 terms
Cognition
Parallel Processing
Working Memory
Explicit Memory
Implicit Memory
The processing of many aspects of a problem simultaneously; b…
A newer understanding of short-term memory that focuses on co…
Memory of facts and experiences; declarative
Retention of motor skills and specific actions
Parallel Processing
The processing of many aspects of a problem simultaneously; b…
Working Memory
A newer understanding of short-term memory that focuses on co…
Cognition
memory
What are the 3 memory processes?
encoding
storage
an active system that receives information from the senses, o…
encoding, storage, retreival
converting environmental and mental stimuli into memorable br…
holding onto encoded information
memory
an active system that receives information from the senses, o…
What are the 3 memory processes?
encoding, storage, retreival
45 terms
Cognition
Cognition/Thinking
Metacognition
Concepts, problem solving, decision ma…
Concept
A process that involves knowing, understanding, remembering,…
Thinking about thinking
Thinking involves a number of mental activities such as:
The mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or peo…
Cognition/Thinking
A process that involves knowing, understanding, remembering,…
Metacognition
Thinking about thinking
25 terms
Cognition
Aphasia
Broca's Aphasia
Subject P.B.
Subject Tan
inability to do some kind of language (understand or express…
-Agrammatic (lack of syntax)... -single utterances (in severe ca…
Task:... Describe the screen- he is good at identifying things i…
Broca's original patient, good comprehension of language, but…
Aphasia
inability to do some kind of language (understand or express…
Broca's Aphasia
-Agrammatic (lack of syntax)... -single utterances (in severe ca…
319 terms
Cognition
Cognition
Methodological Approaches
Top down vs. bottom up processing
Perception
refers to all processes by which the sensory input is transfo…
1. Experimental psychology... -experiments with health humans... -t…
-input proceeds through a series of processing stages until t…
-refers to our ability to extract meaning from sensory input…
Cognition
refers to all processes by which the sensory input is transfo…
Methodological Approaches
1. Experimental psychology... -experiments with health humans... -t…
Cognition
Memory
Three-Box/information-Processing Model
Levels of Processing Model
Sensory Memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
External events are first processed by our sensory memory, th…
Explains why we remember what we do by examining how deeply t…
A split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information
Memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
Three-Box/information-Processing Model
External events are first processed by our sensory memory, th…
30 terms
Cognition
Cognition
Concepts
Prototypes
Creativity
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
A mental image or best example of a category.... Ex: People mor…
The ability to produce novel & valuable ideas.
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Concepts
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
Cognition
Cognition
Metacognition
Concept
Prototype
Thinking
Thinking about thinking
Subordinate categories- Big concepts like produce... Basic Categ…
Best example incorporating all we asociate
Cognition
Thinking
Metacognition
Thinking about thinking
108 terms
Cognition
First principle of the cognitive level…
Second principle of the cognitive leve…
Third level of the cognitive level of…
Cognitive Psychology
Mental processes guide behavior
The mind can be studied scientifically
Cognitive processes are influenced by social and cultural fac…
Concerns itself with the structure and functions of the mind
First principle of the cognitive level…
Mental processes guide behavior
Second principle of the cognitive leve…
The mind can be studied scientifically
97 terms
Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
A systematic, step-by-step series of rules or procedures that…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
17 terms
cognition
attention span
awareness of reality
categorization
concept formation
focusing on a tasks over time
knowledge of the state of things as they are, rather than as…
identifying similarities of and differences among pieces of e…
organizing a variety of information to form through and ideas
attention span
focusing on a tasks over time
awareness of reality
knowledge of the state of things as they are, rather than as…
52 terms
Cognition
encoding
storage
retrieval
automatic processing
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
the process of retaining encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
storage
the process of retaining encoded information over time.
cognition
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
39 terms
Cognition
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Problem solving
thinking-knowing, remembering, communicating
mental grouping of ideas, people, objects and events... ie) chai…
mental image or best example of a category/item... ie) car display
how to solve problems through strategies, creativity and obst…
Cognition
thinking-knowing, remembering, communicating
Concept
mental grouping of ideas, people, objects and events... ie) chai…
Cognition
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
the processing of information into the memory system - for ex…
the process of retaining encoded information over time (p.319)
the process of getting information out of memory storage (p.3…
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system - for ex…
41 terms
Cognition
Cognition
Metacognition
Trial and Error
Algorithim
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
"Thinking about thinking" or the ability to evaluate a cognit…
the process of experimenting with various methods of doing so…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Metacognition
"Thinking about thinking" or the ability to evaluate a cognit…
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