How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "cognition"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "cognition"

65 terms
Cognition
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
the processing of information into the memory system - for ex…
the process of retaining encoded information over time (p.319)
the process of getting information out of memory storage (p.3…
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system - for ex…
12 terms
Cognition
Cognition
Perception
Knowledge
Problem Solving
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
The act of becoming aware through the senses or interpreting…
Knowing information and being able to recall specific facts.
To use cognitive processing to find a solution to a difficult…
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Perception
The act of becoming aware through the senses or interpreting…
75 terms
Cognition
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
the processing of information into the memory system - occurs…
the process of retaining encoded information over time
the process of getting information out of memory storage (pul…
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system - occurs…
97 terms
Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
20 terms
Cognition
brains are costly:
brains risk:
Brains work in a:
Marr's 3 levels of computation
3% of body mass and it uses 20% of the bodies energy.
increased risk of whiplash, makes childbirth difficult
computational decision making machines that deal with environ…
Computational theory... Representational and algorithm... Hardware…
brains are costly:
3% of body mass and it uses 20% of the bodies energy.
brains risk:
increased risk of whiplash, makes childbirth difficult
162 terms
Cognition
what is the language of thought?
Black box theory
Behaviorism in the study of cognition
Role of behaviorism today
introspection: the deeply limited examination of one own cons…
The mind (is a big black box) that is determined by what come…
response to introspection and psyc as unscientific ... it cuts o…
1. comparative cognition... 2. learning theory ... 3. clinical psyc…
what is the language of thought?
introspection: the deeply limited examination of one own cons…
Black box theory
The mind (is a big black box) that is determined by what come…
50 terms
Cognition
intelligence
factor analysis
general intelligence (g)
savant syndrome
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
a general intelligence factor that according to Spearman and…
a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental abi…
intelligence
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…
factor analysis
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…
60 terms
Cognition
Cognition
Key Aspects of Cognition
Risk Factors for Impaired Cognition
Medications that place a Patient at ri…
Cognition is the process of thought by which an individual le…
-Cognition occurs along a spectrum from impaired levels to op…
-Altered sleep patterns... -Life style/hazardous jobs or hobbies…
-Anticholinergics... -CNS Stimulants/Depressants... -Antipsychotics
Cognition
Cognition is the process of thought by which an individual le…
Key Aspects of Cognition
-Cognition occurs along a spectrum from impaired levels to op…
Cognition
working memory (aka short term mem.)
Short term memory (aka working memory)
long term memory
Short term v.s. long term memory
is the brief, immediate memory for the limited amount of mate…
The part of the memory that holds only the small amount of in…
The large capacity memory for experiences and information acc…
Short Term ... -purpose hold perception for analysis... - 30 sec du…
working memory (aka short term mem.)
is the brief, immediate memory for the limited amount of mate…
Short term memory (aka working memory)
The part of the memory that holds only the small amount of in…
84 terms
Cognition
Memory
Information-processing model
Levels of processing model
Sensory memory
Mental process involved in the encoding, storage, and retriev…
Encoding- retain info over time... Storage- retain info over tim…
1. Sensory memory- fleeting records of information to be reme…
all sensations that come into our brain ... the immediate, very…
Memory
Mental process involved in the encoding, storage, and retriev…
Information-processing model
Encoding- retain info over time... Storage- retain info over tim…
47 terms
Cognition
Memory:
Information-processing model:
Levels of processing model:
Sensory memory:
any indication that learning has persisted over time.
proposes the three stages that information passes through bef…
memories are deeply (elaboratively) or shallowly (maintenance…
a split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information…
Memory:
any indication that learning has persisted over time.
Information-processing model:
proposes the three stages that information passes through bef…
97 terms
Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
A systematic, step-by-step series of rules or procedures that…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
25 terms
Cognition
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Exemplar
Internal mental processes including information processing, t…
An organizing principle derived from experience. (Cacioppo/Fr…
A representation of a category formed by averaging all member…
A specific member of a category used to represent the categor…
Cognition
Internal mental processes including information processing, t…
Concept
An organizing principle derived from experience. (Cacioppo/Fr…
97 terms
Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
A systematic, step-by-step series of rules or procedures that…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
95 terms
cognition
Descartes; rationalism (1596-1650)
britsh empiricism (mid 1600s to mid 17…
wundt and tischner
prolbems w introspection-
school of thought that stressed thinking... catresian dualism; r…
wants something measurably observable
structuralism and introspection- thinking through personal ex…
-results tried from one paqrticipant to the next ... -results co…
Descartes; rationalism (1596-1650)
school of thought that stressed thinking... catresian dualism; r…
britsh empiricism (mid 1600s to mid 17…
wants something measurably observable
13 terms
Cognition
Maintenance Rehearsal
Elaborative Rehearsal
Top-Down Processing
Bottom-Up Processing
conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it or…
more effective way to aid the encoding process. Making connec…
...
...
Maintenance Rehearsal
conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it or…
Elaborative Rehearsal
more effective way to aid the encoding process. Making connec…
121 terms
Cognition
Cognitive Psychology
thesis --(flaws/alt ideas) antithesis
Rationalist
Who are some rationalists
study how people perceive, learn, remember, and think about i…
synthesis: best of both-->new thesis (flaws/alt idea)
acquire knowledge through thinking and logical analysis (i.e.…
Plato/Descartes
Cognitive Psychology
study how people perceive, learn, remember, and think about i…
thesis --(flaws/alt ideas) antithesis
synthesis: best of both-->new thesis (flaws/alt idea)
37 terms
Cognition
perception
attention
executive processes
mental imagery
detection and interpretation of sensory stimuli (not same as…
we'll see that attention is a system (e.g., like Vision is a…
how control is exercised over behavior
what are mental images and how are they similar or dissimilar…
perception
detection and interpretation of sensory stimuli (not same as…
attention
we'll see that attention is a system (e.g., like Vision is a…
74 terms
Cognition
Memory
Information Processing Model
Encoding
Storage
Any system-human, animal, or machine-that encodes stores and…
A cognitive understanding of memory emphasizing how informati…
One of the three basic tasks of memory, involving the modific…
One of the three basic tasks of memory, involving the retenti…
Memory
Any system-human, animal, or machine-that encodes stores and…
Information Processing Model
A cognitive understanding of memory emphasizing how informati…
84 terms
Cognition
Information Processing Model
Encoding
Long Term Potentiation
Effortful Processing
encoding, storage, retieval
our brain enters information into our memory
neurons ability to make a long lasting memory
actively and consciously trying to remember something long-term
Information Processing Model
encoding, storage, retieval
Encoding
our brain enters information into our memory
30 terms
Cognition
Parallel Processing
Working Memory
Explicit Memory
Implicit Memory
The processing of many aspects of a problem simultaneously; b…
A newer understanding of short-term memory that focuses on co…
Memory of facts and experiences; declarative
Retention of motor skills and specific actions
Parallel Processing
The processing of many aspects of a problem simultaneously; b…
Working Memory
A newer understanding of short-term memory that focuses on co…
72 terms
Cognition
information processing model
sensory memory
george sperling
iconic memory
three- box model; proposes the three stages that information…
split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information
demonstrated, through showing rows of letters and numbers to…
type of sensory memory; split second perfect photograph of a…
information processing model
three- box model; proposes the three stages that information…
sensory memory
split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information
43 terms
Cognition
Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
sensorimotor stage
object permanence
properational stage
Piaget argued children weren't miniature adults. Believed the…
Piaget... 0-2 years, children are said to be in sensorimotor st…
developed in sensorimotor stage - don't realize objects still…
2-7 years, when children are going to develop/engage in prete…
Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Piaget argued children weren't miniature adults. Believed the…
sensorimotor stage
Piaget... 0-2 years, children are said to be in sensorimotor st…
35 terms
Cognition
Memory
Information-processing model
Atkinson-Shiffrin
Sensory Memory
Retaining any change in skill or behavior
Compares memory to computer processing... 1. Encoding- acquiring…
More biological and neural process... 1. Sensory Memory- fleetin…
all sensations that come into our brain... the immediate, very b…
Memory
Retaining any change in skill or behavior
Information-processing model
Compares memory to computer processing... 1. Encoding- acquiring…
37 terms
Cognition
Cognition
Concepts
Superordinate concept
Basic concept
To use one's mental processes to solve problems.
Mental groupings of similar objects, events, and people.
The most general form of a type concept.
An example of a type of concept around which other similar co…
Cognition
To use one's mental processes to solve problems.
Concepts
Mental groupings of similar objects, events, and people.
65 terms
Cognition
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
the processing of information into the memory system - for ex…
the process of retaining encoded information over time (p.319)
the process of getting information out of memory storage (p.3…
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system - for ex…
76 terms
Cognition
memory
three-box model
levels of processing model
sensory memory
the process of maintaining information over time
A model; information that does not transfer out of sensory re…
model that describes memory recollection of stimuli as a func…
the shortest-term element of memory; the ability to retain im…
memory
the process of maintaining information over time
three-box model
A model; information that does not transfer out of sensory re…
52 terms
Cognition
encoding
storage
retrieval
automatic processing
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
the process of retaining encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
storage
the process of retaining encoded information over time.
23 terms
Cognition
self-reference effect
priming
automatic processing
effortful processing
causes an individual to encode information differently based…
form of retrieval cue; providing cues that subconsciously sti…
muscle memory; done without awareness
cognitive processing that requires lots of attention & effort
self-reference effect
causes an individual to encode information differently based…
priming
form of retrieval cue; providing cues that subconsciously sti…
16 terms
Cognition
course objectives
cognition
what makes thinking about "theatre abo…
The mind and nurture v nature debate
1) introduce several forms of self-reflexive theatre 2) expla…
processes of thought that lead to the creation of meaning and…
1)The mind - main analytical tool
empirical research shows mind not blank slate at birth; neith…
course objectives
1) introduce several forms of self-reflexive theatre 2) expla…
cognition
processes of thought that lead to the creation of meaning and…
97 terms
Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
A systematic, step-by-step series of rules or procedures that…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
108 terms
Cognition
First principle of the cognitive level…
Second principle of the cognitive leve…
Third level of the cognitive level of…
Cognitive Psychology
Mental processes guide behavior
The mind can be studied scientifically
Cognitive processes are influenced by social and cultural fac…
Concerns itself with the structure and functions of the mind
First principle of the cognitive level…
Mental processes guide behavior
Second principle of the cognitive leve…
The mind can be studied scientifically
30 terms
Cognition
through instinctual interactions with…
an infant's grasping reflex, in which…
schemata
assimilation
According to Piaget, how to infants learn?
what is an example of a schemata?
organized patterns of behavior and though
process of classifying new info into existing schemata
through instinctual interactions with…
According to Piaget, how to infants learn?
an infant's grasping reflex, in which…
what is an example of a schemata?
97 terms
Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category
A systematic, step-by-step series of rules or procedures that…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
39 terms
Cognition
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Problem solving
thinking-knowing, remembering, communicating
mental grouping of ideas, people, objects and events... ie) chai…
mental image or best example of a category/item... ie) car display
how to solve problems through strategies, creativity and obst…
Cognition
thinking-knowing, remembering, communicating
Concept
mental grouping of ideas, people, objects and events... ie) chai…
41 terms
Cognition
Cognition
Metacognition
Trial and Error
Algorithim
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
"Thinking about thinking" or the ability to evaluate a cognit…
the process of experimenting with various methods of doing so…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Metacognition
"Thinking about thinking" or the ability to evaluate a cognit…
22 terms
Cognition
Multistore model of memory
Sensory register
Short term memory
Long term memory
Atkinson & Shiffron 1968... -Linear model... -Assumed that informat…
Duration: 1/4 to 1/2 second... Capacity: all sensory experience…
Duration: 1-18 seconds... Capacity: 7 + or - 2 items... Encoding:…
Duration: unlimited... Capacity: unlimited... Encodinh: mainly se…
Multistore model of memory
Atkinson & Shiffron 1968... -Linear model... -Assumed that informat…
Sensory register
Duration: 1/4 to 1/2 second... Capacity: all sensory experience…
84 terms
Cognition
Memory
Information-processing model
Levels of processing model
Sensory memory
Mental process involved in the encoding, storage, and retriev…
Encoding- retain info over time... Storage- retain info over tim…
1. Sensory memory- fleeting records of information to be reme…
all sensations that come into our brain ... the immediate, very…
Memory
Mental process involved in the encoding, storage, and retriev…
Information-processing model
Encoding- retain info over time... Storage- retain info over tim…
84 terms
Cognition
Memory
Information-processing model
Levels of processing model
Sensory memory
Mental process involved in the encoding, storage, and retriev…
Encoding- retain info over time... Storage- retain info over tim…
1. Sensory memory- fleeting records of information to be reme…
all sensations that come into our brain ... the immediate, very…
Memory
Mental process involved in the encoding, storage, and retriev…
Information-processing model
Encoding- retain info over time... Storage- retain info over tim…
42 terms
Cognition
Memory
Three-Box / Information-Processing Model
Sensory Memory
George Sperling
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
External behavior processed by sensory memory --> encoded to…
Split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information
Conducted experiments involving sensory memory... Flashed image…
Memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
Three-Box / Information-Processing Model
External behavior processed by sensory memory --> encoded to…
47 terms
Cognition
atkinson shiffrin model
effortful processing
automatic processing
encoding
Sensory info that must be paid attention to in order to be en…
Sensory info that does not have to be paid attention to in or…
inputting sensory information into short term or long term me…
atkinson shiffrin model
effortful processing
Sensory info that must be paid attention to in order to be en…
29 terms
Cognition
Recall
Recall
Recognition
Recognition
the use of a general cue to retrieve a memory
Example: your psychology teacher asks you to write down every…
use of a specific cue to retrieve a memory
Example: your psychology teacher asks you to answer a multipl…
Recall
the use of a general cue to retrieve a memory
Recall
Example: your psychology teacher asks you to write down every…
22 terms
Cognition
Key Word
Image Name
First Letter
Rhyming
This technique has two steps: first, take a part of the word…
This technique begins with finding a vivid word that sounds l…
This technique uses Acronyms or Acrostics in order to success…
An example of this technique is "I before E except after C
Key Word
This technique has two steps: first, take a part of the word…
Image Name
This technique begins with finding a vivid word that sounds l…
33 terms
Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
a mental image or best example of a category.
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
85 terms
Cognition
memory
information-processing model
levels of processing model
sensory memory
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
external events are first processed by our sensory memory, th…
explains why we remember what we do by examining how deeply t…
the immediate, very brief recording of sensory information in…
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding, s…
information-processing model
external events are first processed by our sensory memory, th…
Cognition
Memory
Three-Box/information-Processing Model
Levels of Processing Model
Sensory Memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
External events are first processed by our sensory memory, th…
Explains why we remember what we do by examining how deeply t…
A split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information
Memory
Any indication that learning has persisted over time
Three-Box/information-Processing Model
External events are first processed by our sensory memory, th…
66 terms
Cognition
Cognition
Information Processing Model
cognitive development
sensorimotor stage
looks at how our brains process and react to the incredible i…
1. thinking requires sensation, encoding, and storage of stim…
development of one's ability to think and solve problems acro…
starting at birth till 2 years of age... child is focused on the…
Cognition
looks at how our brains process and react to the incredible i…
Information Processing Model
1. thinking requires sensation, encoding, and storage of stim…
17 terms
cognition
attention span
awareness of reality
categorization
concept formation
focusing on a tasks over time
knowledge of the state of things as they are, rather than as…
identifying similarities of and differences among pieces of e…
organizing a variety of information to form through and ideas
attention span
focusing on a tasks over time
awareness of reality
knowledge of the state of things as they are, rather than as…
76 terms
Cognition
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
The processing of information into the memory system.
The retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage
memory
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
The processing of information into the memory system.
97 terms
Cognition
Models of memory
Three-box model
Sensory memory
George Sperling
Three-box/ information-processing model and the levels of pro…
Proposes the three stages that information passes through bef…
The first stop for external events.... A spilt-second tank for i…
Demonstrated the process of sensory memory in a series of exp…
Models of memory
Three-box/ information-processing model and the levels of pro…
Three-box model
Proposes the three stages that information passes through bef…
1 of 10