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Study sets matching "cognitive development psych"

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Study sets matching "cognitive development psych"

60 terms
Educational Psychology Cognitive Development
Development
Physical Development
Personal Development
Social Development
Orderly, adaptive changes we go through from conception to de…
Changes in body function and structure over time.
Changes in personality that take place as one grows.
Changes over time in the ways we relate to others.
Development
Orderly, adaptive changes we go through from conception to de…
Physical Development
Changes in body function and structure over time.
90 terms
Developmental Psychology: Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget
a
a
Cognitive Development
A swiss psychologist known for his pioneering work in child d…
A swiss psychologist known for his pioneering work in child d…
Piaget stressed:... a) Biological maturation as the driving for…
Per Piaget, a progressive reorganization of mental processes…
Jean Piaget
A swiss psychologist known for his pioneering work in child d…
a
A swiss psychologist known for his pioneering work in child d…
74 terms
AP Psychology - Cognitive Development
cognitive development
reason
concrete
concrete thinking
the development of the way we think
thinking with a purpose
tangible, it has physical properties
thinking in the context or limitations of ones environment
cognitive development
the development of the way we think
reason
thinking with a purpose
21 terms
Psychology - Human Development - Cognitive Development
What was Piaget (1896-1980) one of the…
What did Piaget claim in relation to h…
What are the 5 assumptions underlying…
What is maturation?
A comprehensive theory of cognitive development.
Infant and child think in a qualitatively different way from…
1. Nature/Nurture... 2. Sociocultural Influences... 3. Child's Acti…
The gradual unfolding over time of genetic programmes for dev…
What was Piaget (1896-1980) one of the…
A comprehensive theory of cognitive development.
What did Piaget claim in relation to h…
Infant and child think in a qualitatively different way from…
22 terms
OCR GCSE Psychology - Cognitive development key terms
Cognitive development
Invariant stages
Universal stages
The sensori-motor stage
Age-related changes i.e. how children think and behave differ…
The same stages in a fixed order of a child's cognitive devel…
The pattern or order of the development of thinking that is t…
Birth - 2 years
Cognitive development
Age-related changes i.e. how children think and behave differ…
Invariant stages
The same stages in a fixed order of a child's cognitive devel…
Development of Cognitive Psychology
Empiricism
Tabula Rasa (Blank Slate)
Law of Association
Psychphysics
Observation is the basis of all science
We are not born with knowledge rather are experiences shape us
Our minds are inherently associative-thats why table leads au…
The study of relation between the physical world and our expe…
Empiricism
Observation is the basis of all science
Tabula Rasa (Blank Slate)
We are not born with knowledge rather are experiences shape us
58 terms
AP Psychology - Cognitive Development
cognitive development
reason
concrete
concrete thinking
the development of the way we think
thinking with a purpose
tangible, it has physical properties
thinking in the context or limitations of ones environment
cognitive development
the development of the way we think
reason
thinking with a purpose
25 terms
Psychology: Cognitive Development
Key Concepts: Invariant
Key Concepts: Universal
Core Theory:... Sensori-Motor Stage
Core Theory: Object Permanence
This means that the stages of development are fixed.
This means that the stages of development are the same in all…
-0-2 years old.... -Child discovers the world through the 5 sens…
-Sensori-Motor Stage... -A child develops this when they realise…
Key Concepts: Invariant
This means that the stages of development are fixed.
Key Concepts: Universal
This means that the stages of development are the same in all…
26 terms
Developmental Psychology (Cognitive Development)
Bidirectional influences
Cross-sectional research design; limit…
Longitudinal research design
Why it's incorrect to refer to infants…
In reference to biological systems and physiology: biology ca…
The analysis of data collected from a population, or a repres…
To follow a participant for his/her life
Infants are born with reflexes that aid in survival
Bidirectional influences
In reference to biological systems and physiology: biology ca…
Cross-sectional research design; limit…
The analysis of data collected from a population, or a repres…
24 terms
Psychology: Physical Development & Cognitive Development
Physical Development: 1-2 months
Physical Development: 6-7 months
Physical Development: 9-11 months
Physical Development: 1yr-13 months
hold head & chest up, show emotion.
sit without help, roll, depth perception, begin saying words,…
stand with help, crawl, hold onto furniture, cruise.
pull up onto things, climb.
Physical Development: 1-2 months
hold head & chest up, show emotion.
Physical Development: 6-7 months
sit without help, roll, depth perception, begin saying words,…
16 terms
Psychology: Adolescent Cognitive Development
Piaget's Formal Operational Thought
Adolescent egocentrism
The "imaginary audience"
The personal fable
4th & final stage; abstract though; symbolic meaning; hypothe…
feeling that one is unique; no one understands how they feel
the thought that everyone is watching them; very self conscio…
the belief that one will do extraordinary things; based on be…
Piaget's Formal Operational Thought
4th & final stage; abstract though; symbolic meaning; hypothe…
Adolescent egocentrism
feeling that one is unique; no one understands how they feel
13 terms
Developmental Psychology- Cognitive Development
Who was the psychologist that focused…
At what ages do children exhibit the s…
What are characteristics of the sensor…
What do the children learn by the end…
Jean Piaget.
It ranges from 0 to 2 years-old.
The child's response to the world is almost entirely sensory…
The learn intentional behavior, object performance, and begin…
Who was the psychologist that focused…
Jean Piaget.
At what ages do children exhibit the s…
It ranges from 0 to 2 years-old.
Psychology: Cognitive Development
developmental psychology
Jean Piaget's New Ideas (1896-1980)
adaptation
assimilation
focuses on how humans develop and change over time; change ca…
1. Children learn by stages 2. Children think differently tha…
direct interaction with the environment; Ex: infants and todd…
absorption of information to modify the child's views of how…
developmental psychology
focuses on how humans develop and change over time; change ca…
Jean Piaget's New Ideas (1896-1980)
1. Children learn by stages 2. Children think differently tha…
14 terms
Physical and Cognitive Development- Psychology
the developing brain
memories
Jean Piaget
schemas
-at birth unable to walk, talk, remember... brain not yet formed…
-dont occur before 3... -we remember very little between 3-5
- the person who developed stages of cognitive development... -b…
-help make sense of the world... -patterns of knowledge in long-…
the developing brain
-at birth unable to walk, talk, remember... brain not yet formed…
memories
-dont occur before 3... -we remember very little between 3-5
19 terms
Psychology - Cognitive Development Inquiry
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Developme…
What is Object Permanence?
What is stage 1 of the Phases of Langu…
What is stage 2 of the Phases of Langu…
Timeline: Birth to two years old... Description: Children explor…
The knowledge that objects exist even when they can't be seen.
Stage 1 is cooing. At around two months, babies begin making…
Stage 2 is babbling. At six months, infants add consonant sou…
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Developme…
Timeline: Birth to two years old... Description: Children explor…
What is Object Permanence?
The knowledge that objects exist even when they can't be seen.
16 terms
Developmental psychology- Cognitive development
Name some inferences which give us an…
What is the binding problem?
Where are complex moral decisions made?
What is Piaget's theory of cognitive d…
-How infants pay attention, Habituation, how quickly they hab…
How do we put together and make sense of things? Connect what…
The prefrontal cortex. Not completely formed until 28.
Children have concrete, physical world concepts----->... There i…
Name some inferences which give us an…
-How infants pay attention, Habituation, how quickly they hab…
What is the binding problem?
How do we put together and make sense of things? Connect what…
16 terms
Psychology - Cognitive Development
What did Jean Piaget say?
What is a "schema"?
What is an example of a "schema"?
Assimilation
Humans form "schemas" to make sense of world
One unit of knowledge
Pulling brings things closer
apply schema to new situation
What did Jean Piaget say?
Humans form "schemas" to make sense of world
What is a "schema"?
One unit of knowledge
15 terms
Psychology Cognitive Development Review
Babinski reflex
Moro reflex
Rooting reflex
Sucking reflex
baby fans toes when foot is stroked
baby flails arms when startled
baby turns head when his or her cheek is touched
baby moves mouth in prep for food
Babinski reflex
baby fans toes when foot is stroked
Moro reflex
baby flails arms when startled
13 terms
Adolescent Psychology: Cognitive Development
cognitive
Piaget's big point
Piaget's wrong views
Piaget: Empathy
thinking and reasoning
interested in the process more then the product... big on mistak…
different forms and subsets of cognitive reasoning rather the…
Piaget says empathy is developed at the last stage of life bu…
cognitive
thinking and reasoning
Piaget's big point
interested in the process more then the product... big on mistak…
14 terms
psychology cognitive development
piaget accomplishments
schema
assimilation
accomodation
noticed something systematic about reasoning errors made by c…
each stage emphasizes different way of thinking
apply existing schema to a new experience, adding things... ex)…
update an existing schema based on new experiences... ex) suckin…
piaget accomplishments
noticed something systematic about reasoning errors made by c…
schema
each stage emphasizes different way of thinking
18 terms
Psychology - cognitive development
Schema
Cognitive development
Invariant stage
Universal stages
All ideas of information,ideas and memories about a particula…
Age related changes e.g how children behave differently as th…
The same stages in a fixed order that the childs development…
A pattern of the development of thinking goes through that is…
Schema
All ideas of information,ideas and memories about a particula…
Cognitive development
Age related changes e.g how children behave differently as th…
57 terms
Cognitive Development-Child Psychology
Cognitive-Developmental Theory
Scheme
Adaptation
Assimilation
The stage theory that holds that the child's abilities to men…
According to Piaget, an action pattern or mental structure th…
According to Piaget, an interaction between the organism and…
According to Piaget, the incorporation of new events or knowl…
Cognitive-Developmental Theory
The stage theory that holds that the child's abilities to men…
Scheme
According to Piaget, an action pattern or mental structure th…
67 terms
AP Psychology Cognitive Development
Embryonic Stage
The structure that feeds the unborn ch…
The Chemicals that pass through the pl…
The conditions that results in brain a…
I have the time when the heart starts to beat and internal or…
Placenta
Teratogens
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Embryonic Stage
I have the time when the heart starts to beat and internal or…
The structure that feeds the unborn ch…
Placenta
15 terms
Psychology: Cognitive Development in Adolescence
Children Use symbols, but are limited…
Children use logic operations, but foc…
Adolescents (and dults) think abstract…
What if people had no thumbs? Children…
Preoperational (2-7 Years)
Concrete Operational (7-12 Years)
Formal Operational (12 years and older)
Concrete Operational Children
Children Use symbols, but are limited…
Preoperational (2-7 Years)
Children use logic operations, but foc…
Concrete Operational (7-12 Years)
49 terms
Psychology:Physical and Cognitive Development
Nature versus Nuture
Epigenetic
Maturation
Critical periods
How much of our ability cognitive, motor skills are inherited…
genes do not necessarily lead to particular outcomes in our l…
refers to biologically based changes that follow an orderly s…
concepts suggests that the brain is set to acquire a function…
Nature versus Nuture
How much of our ability cognitive, motor skills are inherited…
Epigenetic
genes do not necessarily lead to particular outcomes in our l…
15 terms
Psychology: Cognitive/Moral Development
piaget's theory
assimilation
accommodation
piaget's cognitive theory of development
use of schemas- conceptual framework of the world (our perspe…
fitting objects/experiences into personal schema
changing one's schema to include newly observed events
sensorimotor... pre-operational... concrete operational... formal oper…
piaget's theory
use of schemas- conceptual framework of the world (our perspe…
assimilation
fitting objects/experiences into personal schema
14 terms
Cognitive Development (Psychology)
Jean-Piaget
sensorimotor stage
object permanence
preoperational stage
-important because he was the first person to systematically…
-birth to 2... -believed we develop object permanence around 8 m…
-when children lack ---, things are "out of sight out of mind…
-preschool (2.5) to 6.5... -child develops conservation... -at the…
Jean-Piaget
-important because he was the first person to systematically…
sensorimotor stage
-birth to 2... -believed we develop object permanence around 8 m…
9 terms
Psychology 200- Cognitive Development
Piaget's Theory
2 processes children use to adapt
Piaget's Stages of Development
Causes of Cognitive Development
Schema: a general idea used to organize the world and guide o…
1) Assimilation: old schema is applied to new experiences or…
Sensorimotor Stage (Birth to about 2 years): lack of object p…
Cognitive Disequilibrium: results when children encounter une…
Piaget's Theory
Schema: a general idea used to organize the world and guide o…
2 processes children use to adapt
1) Assimilation: old schema is applied to new experiences or…
33 terms
Child Psychology: Cognitive Development
schemas
assimilation
accommodation
equilibration
psychological structures that organize experience
info that fits into an existing schema
changing an existing schema based on new knowledge or experie…
balancing assimilation and accommodation to create a stable u…
schemas
psychological structures that organize experience
assimilation
info that fits into an existing schema
Psychology Cognitive Development
Cognitive
Schema
Assimilate
Accomodate
All mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
Child builds concepts.
Putting new experiences into an already existing schema.
Adjusting our schemas to fit the particulars of a new experie…
Cognitive
All mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
Schema
Child builds concepts.
11 terms
Psychology - Cognitive Development
Cognitive development
Invariant stages
Universal stages
Core theory
Age related changes e.g. How children think and behave differ…
The same stages, in a fixed order, that all children go through
The idea that patterns of thinking are the same for all child…
Pagers theory (stages)
Cognitive development
Age related changes e.g. How children think and behave differ…
Invariant stages
The same stages, in a fixed order, that all children go through
35 terms
Cognitive Development Psychology
Developmental Psych
Cross Sectional Study
Longitudinal Study
Nature or Nurture?
study of human development(change over time)... early interest i…
Study multiple age groups at once... -identifies group differenc…
Study one group multiple times... -identify individual and group…
Nature- what you're born with (genes)... Nurture- impact of soci…
Developmental Psych
study of human development(change over time)... early interest i…
Cross Sectional Study
Study multiple age groups at once... -identifies group differenc…
22 terms
Child psychology cognitive development
Magical thought
Example of magical thought
Conservation
Animism
Lack of understanding cause and affect relationships
-Delighted when they see a magic trick ... - " Taking their nose"
Ability to understand that quality remains the same even thou…
Giving life like character to things that are not alive
Magical thought
Lack of understanding cause and affect relationships
Example of magical thought
-Delighted when they see a magic trick ... - " Taking their nose"
26 terms
AP Psychology: Cognitive Development
Rooting Reflex
Sucking Reflex
Grasping Reflex
Moro Reflex
when a baby is touched on the cheek, it will turn its head to…
a baby will suck anything it puts in its mouth
when something is placed in a baby's palm of hand or foot, it…
when startled, a baby will flail out its arms and legs and th…
Rooting Reflex
when a baby is touched on the cheek, it will turn its head to…
Sucking Reflex
a baby will suck anything it puts in its mouth
12 terms
Psychology - Cognitive Development
Schema
Example of schemas (piaget)
Adaptation (piaget)
Assimilation (piaget)
An evolving unit if knowledge which we use to understand & re…
Babies have simple schemas for innate reflexes; sucking & gra…
Schemas are developed to fit with their experience of the world
Adding to an existing schema
Schema
An evolving unit if knowledge which we use to understand & re…
Example of schemas (piaget)
Babies have simple schemas for innate reflexes; sucking & gra…
28 terms
Psychology cognitive development
Role of the teacher
Spiral curriculum
Scaffolding
Readiness
Vygotsky believed child should actively get involved (help to…
Simple ideas visited then revisited at harder level
Child learns in structured way support network child learns a…
Piaget said child can only move on when ready. Learn current…
Role of the teacher
Vygotsky believed child should actively get involved (help to…
Spiral curriculum
Simple ideas visited then revisited at harder level
47 terms
Psychology Learning and Cognitive Development
Menarche
Zygotes
Embryo
Fetus
A memorable event. Usually seen as a positive life transition…
The fertilized egg, enters a 2-week period of rapid cell divi…
The developing human organism from about two weeks after fert…
(After two months) developing human organism from 9 weeks aft…
Menarche
A memorable event. Usually seen as a positive life transition…
Zygotes
The fertilized egg, enters a 2-week period of rapid cell divi…
5 terms
Psychology: Stages of Cognitive Development
Stages of cognitive development by
Sensorimotor stage
Preoperational stage
Concrete operational stage
Jean Piaget
-experiences world through senses and actions ... -object perman…
-lacks logical reasoning ... -pretend play, egocentrism, & langu…
-able to think logically & perform arithmetical operations... -c…
Stages of cognitive development by
Jean Piaget
Sensorimotor stage
-experiences world through senses and actions ... -object perman…
17 terms
Psychology Cognitive development notes
Sensori-motor-stage... What ages
Sensori-motor-stage... What is body schem…
Sensori-motor-stage... Motor co-ordination
Sensori-motor-stage... Object permanence
0-2
The infant recognises it exists physically
The infant learns to co-ordinate different body parts
The infant learns if it can not see something it may still ex…
Sensori-motor-stage... What ages
0-2
Sensori-motor-stage... What is body schem…
The infant recognises it exists physically
60 terms
Psychology 2 ~ cognitive development
Cognitive development
What did Piaget believe ?
What is the first stage
What are the characteristics of this s…
Is the area of psychology that studies the area of a childs t…
That children move through four stages of cognitive development
Sensori- motor (0-2)
Child learns through senses and actions. Don't understand the…
Cognitive development
Is the area of psychology that studies the area of a childs t…
What did Piaget believe ?
That children move through four stages of cognitive development
15 terms
Psychology Final, Cognitive Development
Cognitive Development:
Cognitive development refers to:
Areas of cognitive development:
A bit of history...
Cognitive development is the construction of thought processe…
how a person perceives, thinks, and gains understanding of hi…
- information processing ... - intelligence ... - reasoning... - langu…
Historically, the cognitive development of children has been…
Cognitive Development:
Cognitive development is the construction of thought processe…
Cognitive development refers to:
how a person perceives, thinks, and gains understanding of hi…
34 terms
Cognitive Development: Abnormal Psychology
Psychopathology
What are the three types of behavior w…
What are three classical symptoms of a…
In the ancient world, what did people…
Any pattern of emotions, behavior, or thought innapropriate t…
Deviant behavior, distressful behavior and dysfunctional beha…
1. Hallucinations (false sensory experiences) ... 2. Delusions (…
They believed that is was caused by demons and spirits that h…
Psychopathology
Any pattern of emotions, behavior, or thought innapropriate t…
What are the three types of behavior w…
Deviant behavior, distressful behavior and dysfunctional beha…
15 terms
Child cognitive and Psychological development
when is the explosion of language
in a toddler/preschooler presenting wi…
attachment and social development
parallel play
during toddler and preschool period
language delays... if not able to use language to influence the…
infants starts their social development with attachment to ca…
develops in toddlerhood... play similar ways next to each other…
when is the explosion of language
during toddler and preschool period
in a toddler/preschooler presenting wi…
language delays... if not able to use language to influence the…
27 terms
Developmental Psychology (Cognitive development)
What do developmental Psychologists st…
What are the stages of Prenatal develo…
What is the zygote stage?
What is the germinal stage?
1) Continuity and change across the life span... 2)Motor develop…
1)Zygote ... 2)Germinal Stage... 3)Embryonic stage... 4)Fetal
Single Cell
Cell division happens
What do developmental Psychologists st…
1) Continuity and change across the life span... 2)Motor develop…
What are the stages of Prenatal develo…
1)Zygote ... 2)Germinal Stage... 3)Embryonic stage... 4)Fetal
10 terms
Psychology: Intro and Cognitive Development
Who was "Clever Hans" and what importa…
Developmental psychologists have argue…
______________ use the concept of ____…
It takes infants about 1 month of expe…
Clever Hans was a horse. The lesson from Clever Hans is that…
Kant
Empiricists; association
False
Who was "Clever Hans" and what importa…
Clever Hans was a horse. The lesson from Clever Hans is that…
Developmental psychologists have argue…
Kant
61 terms
Cognition and Development psychology
intro (piaget)
4 stages of CD
evidence to support the claim that obj…
evidence to refute this claim (Piaget)
Piaget put forward an evolutionary perspective of CD that as…
(I) sensorimotor stage (0-2) object permanence and egocentris…
Piaget found that when he showed his 7 month old daughter a t…
Bower and Wishart repeated Piaget's hidden object experiment…
intro (piaget)
Piaget put forward an evolutionary perspective of CD that as…
4 stages of CD
(I) sensorimotor stage (0-2) object permanence and egocentris…
9 terms
Cognitive, moral, and psychological development
piagets backround on the theory of cog…
schema
assimilation
accommodation
he was interested in a child's reasons for their thinking.... he…
a set of linked mental representations of the world that is u…
using an existing schema in a new situation... ex. after seeing…
when an existing schema needs to be changed to take in new in…
piagets backround on the theory of cog…
he was interested in a child's reasons for their thinking.... he…
schema
a set of linked mental representations of the world that is u…
23 terms
Child Cognitive and Psychological Development
At what stage do children begin to dev…
What is parallel play and when is it e…
At what stage of childhood development…
At what stage of childhood development…
- Preschool Years
- Toddlerhood: Children begin to show interest in other child…
- Preschool Years:
- Preschool Years:
At what stage do children begin to dev…
- Preschool Years
What is parallel play and when is it e…
- Toddlerhood: Children begin to show interest in other child…
19 terms
Child Cognitive and Psychological Development
What is the effect on child developmen…
What is the first evaluation that shou…
What is the first step of social devel…
What is parallel play and why is it si…
It changes EVERYTHING about the parent-child relationship.... -I…
Make sure that it isn't a language delay that is making the c…
Starts with attachment to the caregiver, followed by separati…
This is during toddlerhood while children begin showing inter…
What is the effect on child developmen…
It changes EVERYTHING about the parent-child relationship.... -I…
What is the first evaluation that shou…
Make sure that it isn't a language delay that is making the c…
74 terms
Development, Cognition, and Intelligence (Psychology)
Developmental Psychology
Maturation
Cross-sectional designs
Cohort Effects
The study of the progressive and cumulative changes that occu…
Refers to the genetically directed growth of an organism.
sample on aspect of behavior across people of many different…
the influences on development related to a particular histori…
Developmental Psychology
The study of the progressive and cumulative changes that occu…
Maturation
Refers to the genetically directed growth of an organism.
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