Study sets matching "cognitive psychology"

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Study sets matching "cognitive psychology"

Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Psychologist
Heurisitics
Dialectical Process
the study of how people perceive, learn, remember, and think…
learn how people think by studying how people have thoughts a…
mental shortcuts we use to process information
the approaches and ways scientists use to study issues in cog…
Cognitive Psychology
the study of how people perceive, learn, remember, and think…
Cognitive Psychologist
learn how people think by studying how people have thoughts a…
25 terms
Cognitive Psychology - Cognitive Neuroscience
cognitive neuroscience
Phrenology
Oldest structure of brain
Medulla
scientific study of link between brain and aspects of our ner…
suggests there exists a relation between skull elevations and…
brainstem, responsible for most basic survival functions, cro…
structure where spinal cord swells, controls essential life s…
cognitive neuroscience
scientific study of link between brain and aspects of our ner…
Phrenology
suggests there exists a relation between skull elevations and…
11 terms
Cognitive psychology
Choice blindness
Attention
Bottom up process
Top down process
Failing to notice change in one's choice. Like the video wher…
Ability to respond to stimuli presented
Shifting attention without realizing
Purposely shifting attention
Choice blindness
Failing to notice change in one's choice. Like the video wher…
Attention
Ability to respond to stimuli presented
cognitive psychology
perception
attention
memory
language
recieving information via sensory inputs
to establish, maintain and manipulate the focus on informatio…
to acquire, store, consolidate, retrieve information
main communicative process that, in addition to its own speci…
perception
recieving information via sensory inputs
attention
to establish, maintain and manipulate the focus on informatio…
45 terms
Cognitive Psychology
converging opinions
theoretical constructs
John Platt
pattern recognition
any set of 2 or more experimental operations that allows one…
descriptive terms about what's going on in the system (ex: th…
conduct an experiment that allows the strongest inference
Remarkable ability to recognize distinct sensory stimuli as t…
converging opinions
any set of 2 or more experimental operations that allows one…
theoretical constructs
descriptive terms about what's going on in the system (ex: th…
23 terms
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
What were the antecedents to the cogni…
Structuralism
Functionalsim
scientific study of the thinking mind... -attending, gaining, st…
Introspection... Gestalt... Behaviorism
what are the structures/building blocks of consciousness ... -wu…
what/how does the mind do/work ... -william James
Cognitive Psychology
scientific study of the thinking mind... -attending, gaining, st…
What were the antecedents to the cogni…
Introspection... Gestalt... Behaviorism
155 terms
Cognitive psychology
Donders
Wunt
Ebbinghaus
william James
simple reaction time vs choice reaction time( it takes 1/10 s…
analytic introspection... establish the first laboratory of scie…
saving method to measure forgetting( repeated syllabus to him…
no experiments. however, reported his own experiences.... first…
Donders
simple reaction time vs choice reaction time( it takes 1/10 s…
Wunt
analytic introspection... establish the first laboratory of scie…
103 terms
Cognitive Psychology
Chapter 5
Memory
Sensory Memory
Short Term memory lasts for
...
The process involved in retaining, retrieving, and using info…
The brief persistence of an image that continues for a second…
10- 15 seconds
Chapter 5
...
Memory
The process involved in retaining, retrieving, and using info…
Cognitive Psychology
What is Cognitive Psychology?
Wilhelm Wundt
William James
Hermann Ebbinghaus
Cognition: mental processes involved with perception, attenti…
Structuralism, analytic introspection (giving participants a…
Functionalism, consciousness, influenced by Darwin's theory o…
Pioneer of memory, studied himself, nonsense syllables, IV's…
What is Cognitive Psychology?
Cognition: mental processes involved with perception, attenti…
Wilhelm Wundt
Structuralism, analytic introspection (giving participants a…
15 terms
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
Noam Chomsky (1928-)
Universal Grammar - Noam Chomsky (1928-)
Ulric Neisser 1965
Cognitive Psychology ... • Cognitive Psychology revolves around…
• One of the earliest scientific explanations of language acq…
• Universal Grammar is considered to contain all the grammati…
Ulric Neisser 1965 ... • Ulric Neisser was born in 1928 and beca…
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Psychology ... • Cognitive Psychology revolves around…
Noam Chomsky (1928-)
• One of the earliest scientific explanations of language acq…
Cognitive Psychology
Memory
Learning
Modal Model of memory
Sensory memory
The Mechanism that allows us to retain and retrieve informati…
Permanent change in behavior that results from experience
Retention for brief periods of time of the effects of sensory…
Memory
The Mechanism that allows us to retain and retrieve informati…
Learning
Permanent change in behavior that results from experience
65 terms
Cognitive Psychology
The brain is divided into 3 major areas
Cortex
Cortex- "Response Responsibility"
Limbic System
Cortex... Limbic System... Brain Stem
The cerebral cortex plays a key role in memory, attention, pe…
take in information, think about it, evaluate options to prod…
Is a complex set of brain structures that lies on both sides…
The brain is divided into 3 major areas
Cortex... Limbic System... Brain Stem
Cortex
The cerebral cortex plays a key role in memory, attention, pe…
85 terms
Psychology Cognitive Psychology
Capacity of STM (experiment to prove)
Duration of STM (experiment to prove)
Coding of STM (experiment to prove)
Advantage of STM
7 +-2 (Jacobs)
Up to 20 seconds without rehearsal (Peterson and Peterson)
Mainly Acoustic (Baddeley)
We forget things that we only need to remember for a few seco…
Capacity of STM (experiment to prove)
7 +-2 (Jacobs)
Duration of STM (experiment to prove)
Up to 20 seconds without rehearsal (Peterson and Peterson)
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
Epistemology
Posteriori
Priori
the study of knowledge
The theory of knowledge, specially with regard to its methods…
refers to that which is derived from or corners after experie…
Refers to self-evident truths that come before experience
Cognitive Psychology
the study of knowledge
Epistemology
The theory of knowledge, specially with regard to its methods…
19 terms
Cognitive psychology
What are the Internal mental processes…
What is the typical research method of…
Infer
Schema
Thoughts, perceptions, attention and memory
Vigorously controlled laboratory
To draw q conclusion
A mental framework that is developed through experiences. The…
What are the Internal mental processes…
Thoughts, perceptions, attention and memory
What is the typical research method of…
Vigorously controlled laboratory
27 terms
Cognitive Psychology Ch. 5
Memory
Modal Model of Memory by Atkinson and…
Modal Model of Memory diagram
Atkinson and Shiffrin's *Control Proce…
is the processes involved in retaining, retrieving, and using…
Three different types of memory:... 1.) Sensory Memory - Initial…
Input->sensory memory-> Short term <-rehearsal or output-> Lo…
active processes that can be controlled by the person.... Examp…
Memory
is the processes involved in retaining, retrieving, and using…
Modal Model of Memory by Atkinson and…
Three different types of memory:... 1.) Sensory Memory - Initial…
59 terms
Cognitive Psychology
Multi-store Model of Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Illustrated how cognitive psychology is about information pro…
First stage of the memory process; in it information is trans…
The process of maintaining information in memory over time
The process of getting information out of memory storage
Multi-store Model of Memory
Illustrated how cognitive psychology is about information pro…
Encoding
First stage of the memory process; in it information is trans…
20 terms
Cognitive Psychology
Sensory memory
Short term memory
Long-term memory
Maintenance rehearsal
Temporary storage for incoming sensory stimuli.
The stage of memory where information is stored for up to 30…
Relatively permanent and limitless storage.
Repetition of a piece of information to keep it within workin…
Sensory memory
Temporary storage for incoming sensory stimuli.
Short term memory
The stage of memory where information is stored for up to 30…
Cognitive Psychology
Devlin et al
Warrington & Shallice
Hills & Caramazza
Bruggeman, Zosh & Warren
Living/non living categorization involves the same brain regi…
Deficits in livings
Deficits in non-living... - Same brain regions but represented d…
Performance was better when could access optic flow
Devlin et al
Living/non living categorization involves the same brain regi…
Warrington & Shallice
Deficits in livings
20 terms
Cognitive Psychology
Computer Analogy
The Memory
Information Processing
Hyperananesia
The human mind operates like a computer. The mind handles inp…
The mental process used to encode, store and retrieve informa…
The processing is taken in by which information is taken in b…
Where you never forget anything. (Jill)
Computer Analogy
The human mind operates like a computer. The mind handles inp…
The Memory
The mental process used to encode, store and retrieve informa…
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Processes
Examples of Cognitive Processes
Perception
Attention
Performance of some cognitive activity
Perception, attention, language, immediate memory, long-term…
Immediate organization and interpretation of sensations... (ex.…
Focusing on the new monkey that hasn't been seen
Cognitive Processes
Performance of some cognitive activity
Examples of Cognitive Processes
Perception, attention, language, immediate memory, long-term…
67 terms
Cognitive Psychology
What is cognitive psychology?
Performed the first cognitive psycholo…
Performed an experiment involving reac…
What are the 3 steps of reaction time…
The scientific study of the mind
Franciscus Donders
Donders
1. Presentation of stimulus... 2. Mental response... 3. Behavioral…
What is cognitive psychology?
The scientific study of the mind
Performed the first cognitive psycholo…
Franciscus Donders
61 terms
Cognitive psychology
Multi store model ... Atkinson and Shiff…
Echoic memory (sensory memory)
Iconic memory (sensory memory)
Haptic memory (sensory memory)
Environmental stimuli --->... Sensory memory (using attention)-…
Auditory input from the ears (things you hear) ---> stored as…
Visual information from the eyes (things you see) ----> store…
Tactile input from the body (things you have touched) ---> st…
Multi store model ... Atkinson and Shiff…
Environmental stimuli --->... Sensory memory (using attention)-…
Echoic memory (sensory memory)
Auditory input from the ears (things you hear) ---> stored as…
18 terms
Cognitive psychology chapter 12
1. What is problem solving?
What type of unconventional methods do…
insight
What group of psychologists claimed th…
searching for solutions to achieve a goal when the solution f…
-use verbal protocol method... -study is mostly on simple proble…
a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a pro…
Gestalt Psychology and insight ... -problems are solved via insi…
1. What is problem solving?
searching for solutions to achieve a goal when the solution f…
What type of unconventional methods do…
-use verbal protocol method... -study is mostly on simple proble…
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
How do we gain information?
What is the purpose of shadowing?
The results of dichotic listening expe…
is the study of mental processes such as "attention, language…
perceive & select sensory inputs
It is used to study attention. ... Task- Focus attention on the…
-Subjects are not aware of most of the information being pres…
Cognitive Psychology
is the study of mental processes such as "attention, language…
How do we gain information?
perceive & select sensory inputs
10 terms
Cognitive Psychology
(Characteristics of perception) Percep…
Perception is also
Computers
The distal stimulus is
Experiences resulting form stimulation of the senses.... 1. it o…
a set of processes by which we recognize the organize and mak…
Good at recognizing faces when they are oriented in the same…
Stimulus at a distance. Defined in terms of its physical char…
(Characteristics of perception) Percep…
Experiences resulting form stimulation of the senses.... 1. it o…
Perception is also
a set of processes by which we recognize the organize and mak…
Cognitive Psychology Quizzam #2
What is the most important idea of cog…
What is the "where" and "how" part of…
What is the "what" part of the brain
Who started the idea of modularity?
Modularity
parietal lobe, ventral stream, for object perception and reco…
temporal lobe, dorsal stream, for spatial perception
Jerry Foder, wrote the modularity of the mind, It's the same…
What is the most important idea of cog…
Modularity
What is the "where" and "how" part of…
parietal lobe, ventral stream, for object perception and reco…
Cognitive Psychology
Cognition
Behaviorism
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
mental activity involving the acquisition, storage, transform…
Focus on observable behavior.
John Watson
BF Skinner
Cognition
mental activity involving the acquisition, storage, transform…
Behaviorism
Focus on observable behavior.
76 terms
Cognitive Psychology
The study of the physiological basis o…
Early studies of brain tissue that use…
The neuron doctrine is
The key structural components of neuro…
cognitive neuroscience
continuous
in disagreement with nerve net theory
cell body, dendrites, and axon
The study of the physiological basis o…
cognitive neuroscience
Early studies of brain tissue that use…
continuous
Cognitive psychology
Aaron Beck
ABCDE model
acceptance
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
The developer of the concepts of the cognitive triad, common…
Activating event, Belief, motional Consequence, Dispute, Effe…
allowing unpleasant thoughts, feelings, and other internal se…
emphasizes the acceptance rather than the avoidance of an unp…
Aaron Beck
The developer of the concepts of the cognitive triad, common…
ABCDE model
Activating event, Belief, motional Consequence, Dispute, Effe…
19 terms
cognitive psychology
encoding
storage
retrieval
short term memory
processing of information so it can be stored
retention of encoded representations over time
the act of recalling of remembering stored info when its needed
15-25 seconds (phone number)
encoding
processing of information so it can be stored
storage
retention of encoded representations over time
37 terms
Cognitive Psychology
3 features of every problem
Heuristics
The Hill Climbing
Means-End
Initial state- describes the situation at the beginning of th…
A general rule that is usually correct; a strategy in which y…
Simply choose the alternative that seems to lead you directly…
First divide the problem into sub-problems then reduce the di…
3 features of every problem
Initial state- describes the situation at the beginning of th…
Heuristics
A general rule that is usually correct; a strategy in which y…
Cognitive Psychology
Mental Chronometry
Top-Down Processing
Bottom-Up Processing
Hemholtz Unconscious Inference
how long a cognitive process takes
process that uses ones own knowledge and expectations
process that starts with information received by the receptors
some perceptions are the result of unconscious assumptions th…
Mental Chronometry
how long a cognitive process takes
Top-Down Processing
process that uses ones own knowledge and expectations
143 terms
Cognitive Psychology
Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
Deductive Reasoning
Deductive validity
Taking some information and adding inferences to it.
Taking individual reasoning from the first case and using it…
Take the general rule and apply it to others
If what you believe about Rocky movies is true and the first…
Reasoning
Taking some information and adding inferences to it.
Inductive Reasoning
Taking individual reasoning from the first case and using it…
Cognitive Psychology
cognitive psychology
cognition
behaviorist
information processing
the branch of psychology that identifies our mental processes…
those processes by which the sensory input is transformed, re…
believed that to understand humans, scientist must look exclu…
analyzes the flow of events both in the external environment…
cognitive psychology
the branch of psychology that identifies our mental processes…
cognition
those processes by which the sensory input is transformed, re…
Cognitive Psychology
Cognition
Analog/Sensory Representation
Propositional/Symbolic Representation
Prototype
mental content and processes... learning, memory, representation…
corresponds to features of the stimulus (visualization)
non-sensory but meaningful, usually verbal concepts and knowl…
best example of a concept, may be one never seen
Cognition
mental content and processes... learning, memory, representation…
Analog/Sensory Representation
corresponds to features of the stimulus (visualization)
Cognitive Psychology
Maintenance vs. Elaborative Encoding
Procedural vs. Declarative Memory
Semantic vs. Episodic Memory
Heuristic
Repeating the info (getting info in short-term memory) vs. or…
Remembering how to do things vs. explicit information
Remembering general knowledge vs. particular events you have…
Shortcuts and rules of thumb we can use in making decisions
Maintenance vs. Elaborative Encoding
Repeating the info (getting info in short-term memory) vs. or…
Procedural vs. Declarative Memory
Remembering how to do things vs. explicit information
35 terms
cognitive psychology
cognitive psychology
circle of thought
information-processing system
thinking
the study of the mental processes by which the info humans re…
describe, elaborate, decide, plan, act, intention
recieves info, represent the info with symbols, manipulates t…
the manipulation of mental representations
cognitive psychology
the study of the mental processes by which the info humans re…
circle of thought
describe, elaborate, decide, plan, act, intention
14 terms
Psychology - cognitive
Short term memory (STM)
Long term memory (LTM)
Duration
Capacity
Memory for immediate events. Lasts for a very short time and…
Memory for events that have happened in the past. Lasts anywh…
How long a memory lasts before it is no longer available.
How much can be held in memory. Measured in terms of bits of…
Short term memory (STM)
Memory for immediate events. Lasts for a very short time and…
Long term memory (LTM)
Memory for events that have happened in the past. Lasts anywh…
72 terms
Cognitive Psychology
cognitive neuroscience
computational cognitive science
experimental cognitive psychology
cognitive neuropsychology
uses brain imaging techniques to study brain function and are…
researcher develop computational models to understand human c…
usually takes place in labs, using PC's and other software, s…
studies patterns of cognitive impairment by looking at brain…
cognitive neuroscience
uses brain imaging techniques to study brain function and are…
computational cognitive science
researcher develop computational models to understand human c…
Cognitive Psychology - Cognitive Interviews
Fisher and Guiselman
CROP
Köhnken et al
Milne and Bull
People remember events better when they are provided with ret…
-Changing the order - the interviewer might try and alternati…
(STRENGTH)... Meta analysis of 53 studies and found an average o…
(STRENGTH)... Examined the effectiveness of each stage of the co…
Fisher and Guiselman
People remember events better when they are provided with ret…
CROP
-Changing the order - the interviewer might try and alternati…
Cognitive psychology
PETERSON AND PETERSON
BAHRICK ET AL
JACOBS
BADDELEY
Duration of STM
Duration of LTM
Capacity of STM
Encoding
PETERSON AND PETERSON
Duration of STM
BAHRICK ET AL
Duration of LTM
50 terms
Cognitive Science/ Cognitive Psychology
what is cognitive psychology?
what do cognitive scientists use to st…
Cognitive science is the study of...
what are the concepts of cognition?
an external world that our mind attempts to represent interna…
human models because they can talk about internal states but…
thinking
intelligence language memory decision making thinking attention
what is cognitive psychology?
an external world that our mind attempts to represent interna…
what do cognitive scientists use to st…
human models because they can talk about internal states but…
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
People actively interpret
How you think about a situation
Albert Bandura
Behaviour influenced by perception, thinking processes, exper…
their environment and cognitively construct their world
will influence how you behave in a situation
researcher famous for work in observational or social learnin…
Cognitive Psychology
Behaviour influenced by perception, thinking processes, exper…
People actively interpret
their environment and cognitively construct their world
Cognitive Psychology
State Dependent Learning
Encoding Specificity
Recognition
Recall
A phenomenon in which learning seems linked to the person's m…
The tendency, when memorizing, to place in memory both the ma…
The task of memory retrieval in which the items to be remembe…
The task of memory retrieval in which the rememberer must com…
State Dependent Learning
A phenomenon in which learning seems linked to the person's m…
Encoding Specificity
The tendency, when memorizing, to place in memory both the ma…
42 terms
psychology-cognitive
Thinking
Types of thinking
Mental images (represent image)
Concepts - (represent category)
mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person is ... o…
Mental images ... Concepts... Formal concepts... Natural concepts... Pr…
mental representations that stand for / represent objects or…
ideas that represent a class or category of objects, events,…
Thinking
mental activity that goes on in the brain when a person is ... o…
Types of thinking
Mental images ... Concepts... Formal concepts... Natural concepts... Pr…
99 terms
Cognitive Psychology
Bartlett, E.
Cattell, R.
Chomsky, N.
Collins, A. and Loftus, E.
Investigated the role of schemata in memory; concluded that m…
Divided intelligence into fluid intelligence and crystallized…
Distinguished between the surface structure and deep structur…
Devised the spreading activation model of semantic memory.
Bartlett, E.
Investigated the role of schemata in memory; concluded that m…
Cattell, R.
Divided intelligence into fluid intelligence and crystallized…
53 terms
Cognitive Psychology
hermann ebbinghaus
enncoding
storage
retrieval
developed the "method of savings"
putting information into memory
retaining information in memory
recovering the information in memory
hermann ebbinghaus
developed the "method of savings"
enncoding
putting information into memory
39 terms
Cognitive psychology
Aim
Conclusions
Hypothesis
One-tailed hypothesis
A statement of what researchers intend to find out in a resea…
The implications drawn from a study; what the findings tell u…
A precise and testable statement about the assumed relationsh…
A testable statement that states direction e.g. Brunettes wil…
Aim
A statement of what researchers intend to find out in a resea…
Conclusions
The implications drawn from a study; what the findings tell u…
19 terms
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
Concepts
Classification
Prototype
study of overlapping learning, memory, and thought; how peopl…
mental categories that are used to group objects, events, and…
putting things into a category with defining properties (tria…
idealized patterns to decide if the objects/ideas are similar…
Cognitive Psychology
study of overlapping learning, memory, and thought; how peopl…
Concepts
mental categories that are used to group objects, events, and…
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