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Study sets matching "communication disorders csd 205"

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Study sets matching "communication disorders csd 205"

28 terms
Cognitive Communication Disorders CSD
What are cognitive communication disor…
What kind of brain damage causes them?
What cognitive processes are affected?
What are the right hemisphere function…
a wide range of specific communication problems that can resu…
- right hemisphere syndrome • traumatic brain injury syndrome…
- e.g. memory, reasoning, control of behavior ¬ communication…
Right (Silent)... Music, Emotion, art, geometry... Visual processin…
What are cognitive communication disor…
a wide range of specific communication problems that can resu…
What kind of brain damage causes them?
- right hemisphere syndrome • traumatic brain injury syndrome…
18 terms
CSD 250 Communication Sciences and Disorders
Language Development
Receptive Language
Expressive Language
Critical Periods
Receptive and Expressive Language
What a child understands of what is being said.
Words, Grammatical structures, and Meanings that a child uses…
Certain times that are for developing skills and abilities.
Language Development
Receptive and Expressive Language
Receptive Language
What a child understands of what is being said.
28 terms
CSD 546: Neuropathologies of Communication Disorders
Meninges
Dura Mater
Arachnoid Mater
Arachnoid trabecula
Dura Mater, Arachnoid Mater, Pia Mater
Hard Mother; dense, fibrous (tough) connective tissue just wi…
Spiderweb mother; tissue (arachnoid trabecula formed to look…
delicate web of fibrous and elastic connective tissue which f…
Meninges
Dura Mater, Arachnoid Mater, Pia Mater
Dura Mater
Hard Mother; dense, fibrous (tough) connective tissue just wi…
78 terms
CSD 251 Introduction to Communication Disorders
Communication
Language
Speech
Audiologist
Sending and receiving information.
The words, sequence of sounds, and symbols used to communicat…
Sounds used to communicate (not necessarily language).
A professional who's role is to identify, assess, manage, and…
Communication
Sending and receiving information.
Language
The words, sequence of sounds, and symbols used to communicat…
32 terms
Intro to CSD Chp. 1: Communication and Communicative Disorders
a process by which information is exch…
why types of communication first comes…
besides verbal communication, what are…
the majority of facial expressions are…
communication
verbal communication
reading, writing, understanding facial expressions, gestures,…
involuntary
a process by which information is exch…
communication
why types of communication first comes…
verbal communication
22 terms
Typical and Disordered Communication- CSD 1080
language- form
phonology
morphology
syntax
the structure of language
the structure of sound. individual sounds make up words.... (tro…
the structure of words. the study of word structures/ pieces…
the structure of sentences. a collection of rules combining w…
language- form
the structure of language
phonology
the structure of sound. individual sounds make up words.... (tro…
CSD 677 Assessments for Neurogenic Communication Disorders
What assessments measure attention?
Stroop Test
Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (P…
Test for Everday Attention
- Stroop Test... - Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test ( PASAT)…
- assessment that measures selective attention... 1. Read aloud…
- assessment that measired divided attention... 1. Stings of sin…
- assessment that measures everyday attention span... 1. 8 subte…
What assessments measure attention?
- Stroop Test... - Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test ( PASAT)…
Stroop Test
- assessment that measures selective attention... 1. Read aloud…
14 terms
CSD 250 Communication Sciences and Disorders #4
Central Nervous System
The Brain consists of
Corpus Callosum
Left hemisphere functions
Brain, Cerebellum, Brain Stem, Spinal Cord
The right hemisphere and the left hemisphere.
Connect the right and left hemispheres in the brain.
Dominant hemisphere for language and speech.... Processing/chang…
Central Nervous System
Brain, Cerebellum, Brain Stem, Spinal Cord
The Brain consists of
The right hemisphere and the left hemisphere.
19 terms
CSD 250 Communication Sciences and Disorders #2
Communication
VERBAL communication
NONVERBAL communication
Communication Modality Matrix
Any means through which individuals relate wants, needs, thou…
Spoken language
Facial expressions, eye contact, body language, gestures, clo…
INPUT - Auditory, Nonverbal, Reading ... OUTPUT - Verbal , Nonve…
Communication
Any means through which individuals relate wants, needs, thou…
VERBAL communication
Spoken language
22 terms
CSD Chp. 9: Communication Disorders in Childhood
Communication Disorder
Van Riper and Erickson stated that spe…
Prevalence
Incidence
an impairment in the ability to receive, send, process, and c…
1. Conspicuous: listeners draw more attention to the manner o…
the number of people in a specified population who have a dis…
the number of people in a specified population who had, have…
Communication Disorder
an impairment in the ability to receive, send, process, and c…
Van Riper and Erickson stated that spe…
1. Conspicuous: listeners draw more attention to the manner o…
24 terms
CSD146 Exam 1-Communication Disorders
communication
formulation
transmission
reception
the process of sharing information between two or more people
getting thoughts and ideas together
conveying thoughts and ideas to another person, often by speech
receiving information from another person
communication
the process of sharing information between two or more people
formulation
getting thoughts and ideas together
48 terms
CSD 203 Intro to Communication Sciences and Disorders
allophone
phoneme
manner
place
variants of a sound /l/ /l`/
sound in language causing difference in meaning /p/ /b/
different ways of air flow blockage in oral cavity /t/ /d/
where air flow is blocked in oral cavity /p/ /k/
allophone
variants of a sound /l/ /l`/
phoneme
sound in language causing difference in meaning /p/ /b/
58 terms
CSD - Communication and its Disorder - overview (ppt)
Communication
3 main purposes of communication
Sender, receiver
Sender
Process of sharing info between 2 or more persons or transmis…
Requesting (i need...) rejection (I don't want...) commenting…
2 main players in communication
Formulation (pulling ideas and thoughts together of sharing…
Communication
Process of sharing info between 2 or more persons or transmis…
3 main purposes of communication
Requesting (i need...) rejection (I don't want...) commenting…
40 terms
CSD 502- Neurogenic Communication Disorders 2 & 3
Define Alexia
Define Dyslexia
Define Agraphia
*Define Agnosia
Alexia is loss of previously acquired reading skills due to r…
- Dyslexia, on the other hand, is a difficulty in learning to…
Agraphia is the loss or impairment of writing skills due to l…
- Agnosia is impaired understanding of the meaning of certain…
Define Alexia
Alexia is loss of previously acquired reading skills due to r…
Define Dyslexia
- Dyslexia, on the other hand, is a difficulty in learning to…
CSD Ch 2. Typical Disordered Communication
communication
language
sociolinguistics
grammer
exchange of ideas between sender and receiver
socially shared code used to represent concepts
study of cultural identity, setting and participants influenc…
the rules of language
communication
exchange of ideas between sender and receiver
language
socially shared code used to represent concepts
10 terms
CSD Typical and Disordered Communication Chapter 2 Vocabulary
phonology
morphology
syntax
semantics
the study of the sound systems of languages
an aspect of language concerned with rules governing change i…
how words are arranged in a sentence
study of word language meaning
phonology
the study of the sound systems of languages
morphology
an aspect of language concerned with rules governing change i…
70 terms
CSD 1308 Chapter 2: Typical and Disordered Communication
phonology
morphology
syntax
semantics
the linguistic rule system dealing with speech sounds and the…
an aspect of language concerned with rules governing change i…
how words are arranged in sentences; the grammatical struct…
the study of word and language meaning; the relationship of…
phonology
the linguistic rule system dealing with speech sounds and the…
morphology
an aspect of language concerned with rules governing change i…
13 terms
CSD Unit 2 (Genetics and Genetic Communication Disorders/Syndromes
Which genotypes are heterozygous and h…
Autosomal Dominant
X-Linked Dominant
How do genetics, environment, and inte…
Homozygous: Identical alleles ... Heterozygous: different alleles
Requires only one affected allele ... Can come from both parents…
Genes responsible for disorder are on the X chromosome ... Requi…
...
Which genotypes are heterozygous and h…
Homozygous: Identical alleles ... Heterozygous: different alleles
Autosomal Dominant
Requires only one affected allele ... Can come from both parents…
32 terms
Intro to CSD Final Ch. 2 Typical and Disordered Communication
Communication
Language
Generative
Phonology
The exchange of ideas between the sender and receiver.
The socially shared code used to represent concepts.
Each utterance is freshly created.
The sound system of English, 43 phones.
Communication
The exchange of ideas between the sender and receiver.
Language
The socially shared code used to represent concepts.
68 terms
CSD: Intro to Speech Pathology - Chapter 2: Typical and Disordered Communication
communciation
sociolinguistics
false
language
an exchange of ideas between senders and receivers. it involv…
the study of influences on communication, many variables affe…
True or False: successful communication does not depend on ag…
a socially shared code that is used to represent concepts
communciation
an exchange of ideas between senders and receivers. it involv…
sociolinguistics
the study of influences on communication, many variables affe…
80 terms
CSD (Communication Sciences and Disorders) 416 (organic speech disorders) James Madison University Final (Swallowing) with Clinard
Normally, a person swallows _ times pe…
(Normally, a person swallows _ times p…
Swallowing helps to eliminate (verb) _…
What can happen if something goes wron…
600-800x
Normally, a person swallows 600-800x times per day
nasal mucus saliva food
Choking, Aspiration, Nutrition suffers, Death
Normally, a person swallows _ times pe…
600-800x
(Normally, a person swallows _ times p…
Normally, a person swallows 600-800x times per day
54 terms
CSD 205 final
coarticulation
time efficient and easier (to produce)
the VT can take more than one position…
assimilation
the overlapping production of phonemes; sounds influencing ot…
benefits of coarticulations
what does coarticuation necessarily mean?
the conforming of one sound to the manner or place of articul…
coarticulation
the overlapping production of phonemes; sounds influencing ot…
time efficient and easier (to produce)
benefits of coarticulations
28 terms
CSD 250 Adult Language Disorders
nonfluent aphasia
fluent aphasia
Impairment
Apraxia of speech (AOS)
slow rate of speech numerous long pauses, short utterances (1…
rate of speech is normal or faster, MLU is in the upper limit…
Any loss or abnormality of psycological, physiological, or an…
An articulatory disorder resulting from impairment, as the re…
nonfluent aphasia
slow rate of speech numerous long pauses, short utterances (1…
fluent aphasia
rate of speech is normal or faster, MLU is in the upper limit…
10 terms
Genetics and Communicative Disorders
KARYOTYPE
SYNDROME
TURNER SYNDROME
WILLIAMS SYNDROME
An analysis or picture of your chromosomes.
Two or more abnormalities (structural, behavioral, learning)…
Incomplete or missing "X" chromosome in one of the two "X"s i…
Deletion of elastin gene on chromosome #7.
KARYOTYPE
An analysis or picture of your chromosomes.
SYNDROME
Two or more abnormalities (structural, behavioral, learning)…
65 terms
CSD 205 Chapter 6
Neurons
Glia
soma
dendrite
Nerve cells, communicating elements of the nervous system
structural and nutrient-bearing, support neurons
cell body
receiver of info
Neurons
Nerve cells, communicating elements of the nervous system
Glia
structural and nutrient-bearing, support neurons
70 terms
CSD 205 Test 1
Phonetics
Gain knowledge and skill in perceptual…
Substitution ... Addition... Distortion ... Del…
Linguistic complexity
Study of the perception (input) and production (output) of sp…
Why do we study phonetics?
What are the five way scoring phonetic errors?
What is the context which sounds to be transcribed is embedded?
Phonetics
Study of the perception (input) and production (output) of sp…
Gain knowledge and skill in perceptual…
Why do we study phonetics?
25 terms
Ch1-Communication & Communicative Disorders
communication
verbal communication
facial expression
research on facial expressions
is a process by which information is exchanged between indivi…
a verbal exchange between two individuals
can be used as a form of communication in which one person pr…
has shown that the movements of the muscles of the face refle…
communication
is a process by which information is exchanged between indivi…
verbal communication
a verbal exchange between two individuals
Phonetics, CSD 205
speech sounds that are produced wit a…
List Three Types of Sonorants
Sounds that are produced with a comple…
List Three Types of Obstruents
Sonorant
vowels, nasals, approximants
Obstruent
Stop-plosives, fricatives and affricates
speech sounds that are produced wit a…
Sonorant
List Three Types of Sonorants
vowels, nasals, approximants
54 terms
CSD 656 VD 8: Functional Voice Disorders
3 Categories of Functional VD
Functional vs. Organic
Functional Disorders (in regards to or…
Some Disorders May Evolve
1. Psychogenic... 2. Misuse/Abuse... 3. Excessive Muscle Tension Di…
Organic: Related to some physical abnormality in structure at…
May produce tissue changes e.g. vocal nodules ... Often can be…
Functional voice disorder:... -May be reactive to an existing or…
3 Categories of Functional VD
1. Psychogenic... 2. Misuse/Abuse... 3. Excessive Muscle Tension Di…
Functional vs. Organic
Organic: Related to some physical abnormality in structure at…
34 terms
CSD: Voice disorders
The voice
Normal frequency
Normal intensity
Voicing and aging
-we perceive frequency as "pitch"... -the frequency is measured…
-infants~ 400 Hz... -little difference between sexes until age 1…
-60 dB for normal conversation... -loudest voice~ 123.2 dB
-around age 60, vocal function begins to decrease... -decrease i…
The voice
-we perceive frequency as "pitch"... -the frequency is measured…
Normal frequency
-infants~ 400 Hz... -little difference between sexes until age 1…
18 terms
Intro to Communication Disorders Chapter 1
Formulating
American Speech-Language-Hearing Assoc…
Transmitting
Code of Ethics
The ability to put thoughts and ideas into words, signs, or s…
A professional organization for SLPs and audiologists
Orgnaizing and coordinating speech muscles with thoughts and…
Maintains the welfare of clients being treated
Formulating
The ability to put thoughts and ideas into words, signs, or s…
American Speech-Language-Hearing Assoc…
A professional organization for SLPs and audiologists
29 terms
Intro to communication disorders class 1
Speech
Language
Audiologists provide
Oral
verbal part of communication
agreed upon symbol system shared by a group of people. can be…
provide assessment, rehabilitation, advocacy, consultation ed…
Speech
Speech
verbal part of communication
Language
agreed upon symbol system shared by a group of people. can be…
40 terms
CSD Exam 3 Chapter 9 Voice Disorders
three characteristics of voice
resonance
Frequency
Fundamental frequency
Frequency Intensity Quality
vibration of air within the pharynx and oral and nasal cavities
the rate of vocal fold vibration, expressed as cycles per sec…
relates to three characteristics of the vocal folds, length,…
three characteristics of voice
Frequency Intensity Quality
resonance
vibration of air within the pharynx and oral and nasal cavities
16 terms
Motor Speech Disorders CSD 210
Flaccid Dysarthria, LMN
Flaccid Dysarthria clinical characters…
Flaccid Dysarthria perceptual(speech)…
Flaccid dysarthria clusters of impairm…
lesion at the level of CN nucleus in brainstem somewhere alon…
weakness, hypotonia (low background muscle activity), diminis…
hypernasality, breathiness, nasal emission, audible inspirati…
phonatory incompetence (breathiness,short phrases, audible in…
Flaccid Dysarthria, LMN
lesion at the level of CN nucleus in brainstem somewhere alon…
Flaccid Dysarthria clinical characters…
weakness, hypotonia (low background muscle activity), diminis…
16 terms
CSD 200 EXAM 3: Components of Communication (Class 18 notes)
General Organization for Speech Motor…
Cortical components
Control circuits
Activation pathways
- Cortical components... - Control circuits... - Activation pathway…
-Motor areas in the brain
Basal ganglia ... Cerebellum
Pathways sending the "commands" from the brain down
General Organization for Speech Motor…
- Cortical components... - Control circuits... - Activation pathway…
Cortical components
-Motor areas in the brain
50 terms
Intro to Communication Sciences and Disorders
communication
Speech Language Pathology
Audiology
phoneme
the act of conveying information
the study of human communication processes and what can go wr…
the study of hearing, its disorders and how to treat hearing…
the basic unit of speech sound
communication
the act of conveying information
Speech Language Pathology
the study of human communication processes and what can go wr…
90 terms
Communication Sciences and Disorders - 1
larynx
ASHA
discipline
profession
voice box - voice production and swallowing
American Speech/Language Hearing Association - certification…
a branch of knowledge centered on a specify area and ways of…
an occupation requiring specific knowledge of how things are…
larynx
voice box - voice production and swallowing
ASHA
American Speech/Language Hearing Association - certification…
59 terms
intro to comm disorders final
velopharyngeal port
velopharyngeal movement
resonance problems due to tonsils
hearing problems due to tonsils
allows for clear oral speech sound production ... ** for nasals…
movement of the velum and pharyngeal wall
blocks cavities ... ** causes snoring, snorting, and mouth brea…
adenoid tissue blocks the Eustachian tube ... ** can cause midd…
velopharyngeal port
allows for clear oral speech sound production ... ** for nasals…
velopharyngeal movement
movement of the velum and pharyngeal wall
32 terms
CSD 200 EXAM 3: Voice and voice disorders (Class 21 notes )
Vocal Fold Characteristics
Nature of Vocal Fold Vibration
Phonation
-Pearly-grey tissue... -same size... - same length ... - Nice smooth e…
- The mucosal wave (at slow motion)... - Adductory forces (how f…
Use of vibrating vocal folds for sound production (typically…
Vocal Fold Characteristics
-Pearly-grey tissue... -same size... - same length ... - Nice smooth e…
Nature of Vocal Fold Vibration
- The mucosal wave (at slow motion)... - Adductory forces (how f…
49 terms
CSD 361-Language Disorders Birth-5
Communication Disorder
Language Disorder
Naturalist Perspective
Normative Perspective
Any error in that sending or receiving process. ... -Heritable l…
1) Form: Grammar... 2) Content: Meaning... 3) Use: Social
Viewing IQ, comparing the child to a normal group of people.…
Disorder in relation to societal expectations=the impact caus…
Communication Disorder
Any error in that sending or receiving process. ... -Heritable l…
Language Disorder
1) Form: Grammar... 2) Content: Meaning... 3) Use: Social
34 terms
Childhood Language Disorders -- Exam 3 CSD 306K
key questions:
what is a language disorder? (definiti…
childhood language disorders: definition
important terminology of childhood lan…
what are language disorders? what's the difference between fo…
impaired comprehension and/or use of spoken, written, and/or…
significant difficulties with the cognitive or linguistic abi…
childhood aphasia/language deviance/language delay, late talk…
key questions:
what are language disorders? what's the difference between fo…
what is a language disorder? (definiti…
impaired comprehension and/or use of spoken, written, and/or…
9 terms
CSD Ch.10 Motor Speech Disorders
dysarthria
Ataxic CP
Spastic CP
Athetoid CP
A speech disorder caused by a weakness or incoordination of t…
(10% of CP): uncoordinated movements and disturbed balance re…
(60% CP) too much muscle tone in opposing muscles, exaggerate…
(10%): slow, involuntary writhing when volitional actions are…
dysarthria
A speech disorder caused by a weakness or incoordination of t…
Ataxic CP
(10% of CP): uncoordinated movements and disturbed balance re…
9 terms
Survey of CSD Ch. 16
American Sign Language
Audition
Bilingual-bicultural
Critical period
the language of the Deaf community in the US. ASL has its own…
related to the power of hearing
a general term to describe a number of related yet distinct a…
the idea that some biological seventies must occur by a certa…
American Sign Language
the language of the Deaf community in the US. ASL has its own…
Audition
related to the power of hearing
332 terms
CSD 306K Test 2
Articulation disorder or phonological…
What age for this milestone?... Understan…
What age for this milestone?... Babbling
What age for this milestone?... First words
Articulation... Phonological
6-8 months
6-8 months
10-14 months
Articulation disorder or phonological…
Articulation... Phonological
What age for this milestone?... Understan…
6-8 months
11 terms
Communication in a Multicultural Society Key Terms
CULTURE
SPEECH COMMUNITY
COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE
ACCENT
A collection of shared rules and behavior (verbal and nonverb…
A collection of individuals who learn, share, and utilize a p…
Knowledge and skills required of a speaker to communicate app…
The way speech sounds, often believed to be linked to an ethn…
CULTURE
A collection of shared rules and behavior (verbal and nonverb…
SPEECH COMMUNITY
A collection of individuals who learn, share, and utilize a p…
38 terms
Communication Across the Lifespan PP -- CSD 306K
speech
speech disorders usually result in the…
articulation
voice
the verbal means of communication/the form of human communica…
articulation, voice, fluency
How speech sounds are made
The sound and quality of someone's vocal mechanism
speech
the verbal means of communication/the form of human communica…
speech disorders usually result in the…
articulation, voice, fluency
15 terms
CSD: resonance disorders
Resonance disorders
hypernaslity
hyponasality
Resonance evaluation: mirror test
-caused by disruption to the normal balance of nasal and oral…
-velopharyngeal mechanism allow air to flow between oral and…
-air is blocked from nasal cavity... -nasal consonants sound lik…
"buy bobby a puppy"... -watch for mirror to fog
Resonance disorders
-caused by disruption to the normal balance of nasal and oral…
hypernaslity
-velopharyngeal mechanism allow air to flow between oral and…
45 terms
CSD 108: Voice Disorders
Voice
Vocal characteristics
Frequency
Intensity
product of vocal fold vibration... -allows humans to vocalize an…
-frequency... -intensity... -quality... -dysphonia... -aphonia
rate of vibration (pitch) low and high
amount of sound pressure (loudness)
Voice
product of vocal fold vibration... -allows humans to vocalize an…
Vocal characteristics
-frequency... -intensity... -quality... -dysphonia... -aphonia
57 terms
Chapter 1: intro to communication disorders
Communication
Ideographic
Syllabary
pictographic
Any exchange of information between people using a common cod…
a set of written characters that symbolize ideas without indi…
a set of written symbols that represent syllables
symbols that somewhat resemble the units of experience they r…
Communication
Any exchange of information between people using a common cod…
Ideographic
a set of written characters that symbolize ideas without indi…
33 terms
CSD ch.1 (set 1)
accreditation
acquired disorders
articulation and phonological disorders
bilateral hearing loss
procedure that recognizes educational institutions or facilit…
disorders resulting from brain trauma following an accident,…
difficulty producing speech sounds and speech sound sequences…
hearing loss in both the right and left ears
accreditation
procedure that recognizes educational institutions or facilit…
acquired disorders
disorders resulting from brain trauma following an accident,…
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