How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "comparative chapter 8"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "comparative chapter 8"

51 terms
Comparative Chapter 8 Terms
Allocentric learning
Alpha conditioning
Attention
Behavior system
Associative learning mechanisms that track changes in the env…
The strengthening of a response originally elicited by the CS…
Selectivity in the processing of compound stimuli.
A preorganized set of behaviors that have evolved to deal wit…
Allocentric learning
Associative learning mechanisms that track changes in the env…
Alpha conditioning
The strengthening of a response originally elicited by the CS…
20 terms
Comparative Psych Chapter 8
mate-assistance hypothesis
female-enforced monogamy
polygynous
monogamy
a possible explanation for why in monogamous species males mi…
a mating system in which females prevent their mates from cop…
a mating system in which a male fertilizes the eggs of severa…
a mating system in which one male mates with just one female,…
mate-assistance hypothesis
a possible explanation for why in monogamous species males mi…
female-enforced monogamy
a mating system in which females prevent their mates from cop…
17 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 8
Bottom-Up Democratic Transition
Top Down democratic Transition
Perestroika
Glasnost
One in which the people rise up to overthrow an authoritarian…
One in which the dictatorial ruling elite introduces liberali…
"Economic Restructuring," was a reform policy aimed at libera…
"Openness," a reform policy aimed at increasing political ope…
Bottom-Up Democratic Transition
One in which the people rise up to overthrow an authoritarian…
Top Down democratic Transition
One in which the dictatorial ruling elite introduces liberali…
18 terms
Comparative Government Chapter 8
Bourgeoisie
Command Economies
Communism
Cult of Personality
The middle class, typically with reference to its perceived m…
An economy in which production, investment, prices, and incom…
A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class w…
Excessive public admiration for or devotion to a famous perso…
Bourgeoisie
The middle class, typically with reference to its perceived m…
Command Economies
An economy in which production, investment, prices, and incom…
36 terms
Comparative Religions Chapter 8
Muhammad Yunus
islam
Allah
Muhammad
established the Grameen Bank ("rural"/"village")... devout fathe…
"surrender"
"God"
"The Glorified One"... (Peace Be Upon Him)
Muhammad Yunus
established the Grameen Bank ("rural"/"village")... devout fathe…
islam
"surrender"
11 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 8
Institution
Constitution
Constitutionalism
Constitutional Design
Social or political structure or set of practices including g…
Fundamental and supreme laws, usually written in a charter, t…
the limitation of government through a constitution
features of constitutions that shape the basic features of th…
Institution
Social or political structure or set of practices including g…
Constitution
Fundamental and supreme laws, usually written in a charter, t…
16 terms
Comparative cognition - chapter 8
Jane Goodall
Tool used could be the results of
Illusion of causality
Launching events
Mixed it, put in turn around and pull up with food
The pre position to engage with objects using defined action…
Hume argued because, we cannot observe causality, visual inpu…
Example, billiard ball
Jane Goodall
Mixed it, put in turn around and pull up with food
Tool used could be the results of
The pre position to engage with objects using defined action…
7 terms
Comparative Government Chapter 8
Common stages of productivity as count…
When most countries began industrial d…
Human Development
Extreme Poverty
Agrarian, Manufacturing (industrialization), Services
1800s
The process of expanding the choices people have to lead live…
less than $1.25/day
Common stages of productivity as count…
Agrarian, Manufacturing (industrialization), Services
When most countries began industrial d…
1800s
39 terms
Comparative Anatomy Chapter 8
endochondral
lamprey
ostracoderms
gnathostomes
Vertebrae, ribs, sternum, and appendages are
lack vertebrae, but possess small cartilagenous segments that…
some______possessed small components of vertebrae
Vertebrae become developed in _____ and were initially used t…
endochondral
Vertebrae, ribs, sternum, and appendages are
lamprey
lack vertebrae, but possess small cartilagenous segments that…
Chapter 8 - Comparative
incapacitation
united states and saudi arabia
house arrest
worldwide abolition
The United States has experienced a boom in building prisons…
model countries that uses deterrence?
The noncustodial sanction most closely resembling incarcerati…
The international trend relative to the death penalty is:
incapacitation
The United States has experienced a boom in building prisons…
united states and saudi arabia
model countries that uses deterrence?
8 terms
Comparative Politics. Chapter 8. Gender and Politics
Gender
Gender as category
gender as a political process
Traditional gender gap
a concept used to distinguish... the social and cultural charact…
a form of socially constructed political identity that consid…
individual involvement in polit institutions to either preser…
a situation in... a country in which women are more likely to be…
Gender
a concept used to distinguish... the social and cultural charact…
Gender as category
a form of socially constructed political identity that consid…
34 terms
AP Comparative Government, Chapter 8
Quasi-Autonomous Nongovernmental Organ…
Unwritten Constitution
Crown
Devolution
Groups that can either advise on policy or deliver public ser…
A jumble of acts of Parliament, judicial pronouncements, cust…
A symbol of authority of the British government.
The handover of certain legislative and executive functions t…
Quasi-Autonomous Nongovernmental Organ…
Groups that can either advise on policy or deliver public ser…
Unwritten Constitution
A jumble of acts of Parliament, judicial pronouncements, cust…
67 terms
Comparative Government and Politics Chapter 8
Command Economy
Cult of Personality
Historical Materialism
Nomenclatura
An economic system in which the government controls a country…
Promotion of the image of an authoritarian leader not merely…
the part of Marx work suggesting that the eco. base of societ…
"List of names" from which people get jobs in commie societies
Command Economy
An economic system in which the government controls a country…
Cult of Personality
Promotion of the image of an authoritarian leader not merely…
8 terms
Essentials of Comparative Politics - Chapter 8
Advanced Democracies
Modern
Postmodern
Integration
countries that have institutionalized democracy and have a hi…
characterized as secular, rational, materialistic, technologi…
characterized by a set of values that center on "quality of l…
a process by which states pool their sovereignty, surrenderin…
Advanced Democracies
countries that have institutionalized democracy and have a hi…
Modern
characterized as secular, rational, materialistic, technologi…
8 terms
Chapter 8 comparative politics
Gender
Gender as a category
Gender as a process
Traditional gender gap
A concept used to distinguish the social and cultural charact…
A form of socially constructed political identity that consid…
individual involvement in political institutions to either pr…
a situation in a country in which women are more likely to be…
Gender
A concept used to distinguish the social and cultural charact…
Gender as a category
A form of socially constructed political identity that consid…
15 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 8
Third Wave of Democratization
Bottom-Up Democratic Transition
Top-Down Democratic Transition
Perestroika
Most recent wave of Democracy, Latin American countries. Sinc…
One in which the people rise up to overthrow an authoritarian…
is one in which the dictatorial ruling elite introduces liber…
A policy initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev that involved restruc…
Third Wave of Democratization
Most recent wave of Democracy, Latin American countries. Sinc…
Bottom-Up Democratic Transition
One in which the people rise up to overthrow an authoritarian…
40 terms
comparative politics chapter 8
Advanced democracies
Freedom and Equality in Advanced Democ…
Advanced democracies differences
modern
are countries with institutional democracy and a high level o…
All advanced democracies share the basic components of libera…
For instance, how they reconcile freedom and equality (partic…
that is, secular, technological, bureaucratic, rational, mate…
Advanced democracies
are countries with institutional democracy and a high level o…
Freedom and Equality in Advanced Democ…
All advanced democracies share the basic components of libera…
53 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 8
Germany reunification took place in Oc…
Portugal, Spain, and Greece experience…
South Korea experienced a transition t…
Chile, Brazil, and Uruguay experienced…
d) East Germany and West Germany
c) 1970s
c) 1980s
b) 1980s
Germany reunification took place in Oc…
d) East Germany and West Germany
Portugal, Spain, and Greece experience…
c) 1970s
Comparative Politics - Chapter 8
political elite
power elite
masses
political participation
individuals who are far more involved in and have greater imp…
an elite made up of political, military and economic leaders…
members of the population who are not involved in day-to-day…
the process of engaging in activities that are intended to in…
political elite
individuals who are far more involved in and have greater imp…
power elite
an elite made up of political, military and economic leaders…
17 terms
Comparative Politics-Chapter 8
Advanced Democracies
OECD
Supranational Integration
Devolution
An institutionalized democracy with a high level of economic…
...
...
...
Advanced Democracies
An institutionalized democracy with a high level of economic…
OECD
...
18 terms
Chapter 8 comparative gvnts
Goverment
Monarchy
Absolute monarchy
Direct democracy
Organization to make rules for theor community
A government with a hereditary ruler
A monarchy that claims ABSOLUTe power
Directly debate and decide important public issues
Goverment
Organization to make rules for theor community
Monarchy
A government with a hereditary ruler
51 terms
Comparative Psych Chapter 8
Allocentric Learning
Alpha conditioning
Attention
Behavior System
Associative learning mechanisms that track changes in the env…
Strengthening of a response originally elicited by the CS-->U…
Selectivity in the processing of compound stimuli
A reorganized set of behaviors that have evolved to deal with…
Allocentric Learning
Associative learning mechanisms that track changes in the env…
Alpha conditioning
Strengthening of a response originally elicited by the CS-->U…
86 terms
Comparative Anatomy chapter 8
pharynx
respiratory apparatus
lungs in sarcopterygians
actinopterygians
functions primarily as a digestive organ in non-vertebrate ch…
is the second function evolved by the pharynx when it incorpo…
air-breathing organs that evolved in fishes that became bimod…
ray-finned fishes that evolved swim bladders from air breathi…
pharynx
functions primarily as a digestive organ in non-vertebrate ch…
respiratory apparatus
is the second function evolved by the pharynx when it incorpo…
50 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 8
base
bourgeoisie
command economy
Communism
Marxist term to describe class and other economic relations t…
Among other things, a Marxist term to describe the capitalist…
A centrally planned and controlled economy. This kind of econ…
Theory developed by Marx and Engles that was adapted and used…
base
Marxist term to describe class and other economic relations t…
bourgeoisie
Among other things, a Marxist term to describe the capitalist…
11 terms
Chapter 8 Comparative Politics
Institution
Constitution
Constitutionalism
Constitutional Design
Social or political structure or set of practices, including…
Fundamental and supreme laws, usually written in a charter, t…
The limitation of government through a constitution
Features of constitutions that shape the basic features of th…
Institution
Social or political structure or set of practices, including…
Constitution
Fundamental and supreme laws, usually written in a charter, t…
51 terms
comparative psych chapter 8
allocentric learning
alpha conditioning
attention
behavior system
associative learning mechanisms that track changes in the env…
the strengthening of a response originally elicited by the CS…
selectivity in the processing of compound stimuli
a preorganized set of behaviors that have evolved to deal wit…
allocentric learning
associative learning mechanisms that track changes in the env…
alpha conditioning
the strengthening of a response originally elicited by the CS…
103 terms
Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates Chapter 8
The axial skeleton includes what 5 str…
3 functions of the axial skeleton
vertebrae, ribs, sternum, and appendag…
the axial skeleton emerges from which…
skull, vertebrae, ribs, sternum, and gastralia
1. provides sites for muscle attachment... 2. prevents body from…
endochondral
sclerotome
The axial skeleton includes what 5 str…
skull, vertebrae, ribs, sternum, and gastralia
3 functions of the axial skeleton
1. provides sites for muscle attachment... 2. prevents body from…
8 terms
Essentials of Comparative Politics - Chapter 8
Advanced Democracies
Modern
Postmodern
Integration
countries that have institutionalized democracy and have a hi…
characterized as secular, rational, materialistic, technologi…
characterized by a set of values that center on "quality of l…
a process by which states pool their sovereignty, surrenderin…
Advanced Democracies
countries that have institutionalized democracy and have a hi…
Modern
characterized as secular, rational, materialistic, technologi…
8 terms
Comparative Politics: Chapter 8
Integration
Advanced Democracy
Modern
Postmodern
A process by which states pool their sovereignty, surrenderin…
A country with institutionalized democracy and a high level o…
Characterized as secular, rational, materialistic, technologi…
Characterized by a set of values that center on ""quality of…
Integration
A process by which states pool their sovereignty, surrenderin…
Advanced Democracy
A country with institutionalized democracy and a high level o…
8 terms
Comparative politics chapter 8
Advanced democracies... (First world demo…
Integration
Devolution
What's a prime example of integration?
Countries with institutional democracy and a high level of ec…
Blurring the lines between countries by creating common polic…
Shifting power towards more local government
E.U
Advanced democracies... (First world demo…
Countries with institutional democracy and a high level of ec…
Integration
Blurring the lines between countries by creating common polic…
13 terms
Comparative Politics - Chapter 8
Bottom Up Theory
huntington says what about democracies…
example of bottom up theory
Bottom Up Theory questions
group of individuals rise up from the public, when dissatisfi…
they happen in waves and we are in the third wave
east germany
why are transition so rare? and why are they so surprising?
Bottom Up Theory
group of individuals rise up from the public, when dissatisfi…
huntington says what about democracies…
they happen in waves and we are in the third wave
126 terms
AP Comparative Government Chapter 8: Nigeria
Contrasts
National Question
Constitutionalism
Legitimacy
basis for political system, strong democracy movements couple…
neither leaders nor citizens agree on the basics of how a cou…
the acceptance of a constitution as a guiding set of principl…
Nigeria is relatively young, establishing it is very difficul…
Contrasts
basis for political system, strong democracy movements couple…
National Question
neither leaders nor citizens agree on the basics of how a cou…
9 terms
Essentials of Comparative Politics - Chapter 8
Advanced Democracies
Modern
Postmodern
Integration
countries that have institutionalized democracy and have a hi…
characterized as secular, rational, materialistic, technologi…
characterized by a set of values that center on "quality of l…
a process by which states pool their sovereignty, surrenderin…
Advanced Democracies
countries that have institutionalized democracy and have a hi…
Modern
characterized as secular, rational, materialistic, technologi…
43 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 8
Germany reunification took place in Oc…
Portugal, Spain, and Greece experience…
South Korea experienced a transition t…
Chile, Brazil, and Uruguay experienced…
East Germany and West Germany
1970s
1980s
1980s
Germany reunification took place in Oc…
East Germany and West Germany
Portugal, Spain, and Greece experience…
1970s
304 terms
Comparative Psych Chapter 8 & 9
There is conclusive evidence that some…
What is used to distinguish learning f…
What are the three major evolutionary…
Evolution of phenotypic and genotypic…
homologous cellular mechanisms
complex testing procedures and experimental designs
divergence, homology, and homoplasy
divergence
There is conclusive evidence that some…
homologous cellular mechanisms
What is used to distinguish learning f…
complex testing procedures and experimental designs
39 terms
Comparative Government: Chapter 8
The book refers to an authoritarian re…
An individual who wields executive pow…
In Iran, the top ruling cleric is who?
All supreme leaders rule through what…
1. free and competitive legislative elections... 2. freely and c…
the supreme leader
the supreme leader
repression, co-optation, and efforts at legitimation
The book refers to an authoritarian re…
1. free and competitive legislative elections... 2. freely and c…
An individual who wields executive pow…
the supreme leader
21 terms
Comparative Politics Chapter 8: China
Beijing consensus
Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
Confucianism
Cultural Revolution
Neomercantilist model of state-led capitalist development ado…
Authoritarian party that has ruled China from 1949 to the pre…
Philosophy attributed to Chinese sage Confucius (551-479 BC)…
Mao's radical movement launched in 1966 to regain political c…
Beijing consensus
Neomercantilist model of state-led capitalist development ado…
Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
Authoritarian party that has ruled China from 1949 to the pre…
17 terms
Comparative govt chapter 8 vocab
autonomous region
state-owned enterprises (SOEs)
household responsibility system
iron rice bowl
A territorial unit equivalent to a province, contains a large…
Companies controlled mostly by govt
began in early 1980s in China, major decisions about agricult…
feature of China's socialist economy during Maoist era (1949-…
autonomous region
A territorial unit equivalent to a province, contains a large…
state-owned enterprises (SOEs)
Companies controlled mostly by govt
8 terms
comparative politics chapter 8 terms
developed democracy
devolution
modern
postmodern
a country with institutionalized democracy and a high level o…
a process in which political power is sent down to lower leve…
characterized as secular, rational, materialistic, technologi…
characterized by a set of values that center on quality of li…
developed democracy
a country with institutionalized democracy and a high level o…
devolution
a process in which political power is sent down to lower leve…
49 terms
AP Comparative Government: Chapter 8 Vocab
Abacha, Sani
Abubakar, Atiku
ANC
Babangida, Ibrahim
...
...
...
...
Abacha, Sani
...
Abubakar, Atiku
...
8 terms
Chapter 8 Comparative Politics Terms
gender
gender as a category
gender as a political process
traditional gender gap
concept used to distinguish social and cultural characteristi…
a form of socially constructed political identity that consid…
individual involvement in political institutions to either pr…
a situation in a country in which women are more likely to be…
gender
concept used to distinguish social and cultural characteristi…
gender as a category
a form of socially constructed political identity that consid…
20 terms
Comparative Government Chapter 8 Terms
Cabinet
centralization
Conservative Party
Crown
The decision making body of the nobility that is composed of…
Decision making and other planning is focused in one particul…
One of the major parties in Britain and right winged
The power of the queen/king
Cabinet
The decision making body of the nobility that is composed of…
centralization
Decision making and other planning is focused in one particul…
26 terms
Chapter 8 Comparative Gov Vocab
Base
Bourgeoisie
Command Economy
Communism
Marxist term to describe class and other economic relations t…
Among other things, a Marxist term to describe the capitalist…
A centrally planned and controlled economy.
Theory developed by Marx and Engels that was adapted and used…
Base
Marxist term to describe class and other economic relations t…
Bourgeoisie
Among other things, a Marxist term to describe the capitalist…
19 terms
AP US + Comparative Government: Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Voting Age Population (VAP)
Voting Eligible Population
Registered Voters
Literacy Test
Citizens who are eligible to vote after reaching minimum age…
Citizens who are eligible to vote within consideration of ine…
People who are registered to vote.
A requirement to show citizens can read before they may vote.
Voting Age Population (VAP)
Citizens who are eligible to vote after reaching minimum age…
Voting Eligible Population
Citizens who are eligible to vote within consideration of ine…
47 terms
Comparative Politics: China Chapter 8
Beijing Consensus
Bo Xilai
Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
Chinese dream
Neomercantilist model of state-led capitalist development ado…
high-ranking CCP official arrested in 2013 on anti-corruption…
Authoritarian party that has ruled China from 1949 to present.
Paramount leader Xi Jinping's policy vision calling for China…
Beijing Consensus
Neomercantilist model of state-led capitalist development ado…
Bo Xilai
high-ranking CCP official arrested in 2013 on anti-corruption…
126 terms
AP Comparative Government Chapter 8: Nigeria
Contrasts
National Question
Constitutionalism
Legitimacy
basis for political system, strong democracy movements couple…
neither leaders nor citizens agree on the basics of how a cou…
the acceptance of a constitution as a guiding set of principl…
Nigeria is relatively young, establishing it is very difficul…
Contrasts
basis for political system, strong democracy movements couple…
National Question
neither leaders nor citizens agree on the basics of how a cou…
38 terms
AP Comparative Politics: Chapter 8 - China
Beijing consensus
Xilai Bo
CCP
Chinese Dream
Neomercantilist mpdel pf state-led capital development adopte…
High ranking CCP official arrested in 2013 pm anti-corruption…
Stands for Chinese Communist Party... Authoritarian party that h…
Leader Xi Jinping's polity vision calling for China's nationa…
Beijing consensus
Neomercantilist mpdel pf state-led capital development adopte…
Xilai Bo
High ranking CCP official arrested in 2013 pm anti-corruption…
12 terms
Chapter 8: Adjectives and Comparative Forms
good
bad
big
small
bueno (a)
malo (a)
grande
pequeño (a)
good
bueno (a)
bad
malo (a)
38 terms
Cases in Comparative Politics Chapter 8
Beijing Consensus
Bo, Xilai
Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
Chinese Dream
Neomercantilist model of a state led capitalist development a…
high-ranking CCP official arrested in 2013 on anticorruption…
Authoritarian party that has ruled China from 1949 to present
Paramount leader Si Jinping's policy's vision calling for Chi…
Beijing Consensus
Neomercantilist model of a state led capitalist development a…
Bo, Xilai
high-ranking CCP official arrested in 2013 on anticorruption…
46 terms
Comparative Anatomy - Chapter 8 & 9 (Skeletal System)
Limbs
Decrease
No
Both
One way turtles can breathe is by sucking air into their lung…
One way turtles can inhale is by contracting their posterior…
Do fish have a sternum?
Do fish have a cartilaginous or ossified endoskeleton?
Limbs
One way turtles can breathe is by sucking air into their lung…
Decrease
One way turtles can inhale is by contracting their posterior…
1 of 10