#### Study sets matching "conceptual physics chapter 6"

#### Study sets matching "conceptual physics chapter 6"

Which has a greater momentum: a heavy…

Distinguish between force and impulse.

An impulse can be increased by

For the same force, why does a long ca…

moving skateboard

Impulse is force times a time interval.

increasing the force or increasing the time interval.

The force is applied for a longer time in the long cannon.

Which has a greater momentum: a heavy…

moving skateboard

Distinguish between force and impulse.

Impulse is force times a time interval.

Momentum is...

Momentum in shorthand:

Impulse

Relationship of impulse and momentum

a property of moving things.

**Momentum =mv**

The product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…

Impulse is equal to the change in momentum of the object that…

Momentum is...

a property of moving things.

Momentum in shorthand:

**Momentum =mv**

Distinguish between vector vs scalar q…

Describe the components of projectile…

Describe the downward motion of a hori…

At the instant a horizontally pointed…

A vector has a magnitude and direction, while a scalar only h…

The horizontal component of projectile motion is like the mot…

The downward motion of a horizontally launched projectile is…

They hit at the same time

Distinguish between vector vs scalar q…

A vector has a magnitude and direction, while a scalar only h…

Describe the components of projectile…

The horizontal component of projectile motion is like the mot…

Impulse

Law of Conservation of Momentum

Elastic Collision

Inelastic Collision

The product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…

In the absence of an external force, the momentum of a system…

A collision in which colliding objects rebound without lastin…

A collision in which the colliding objects become distorted,…

Impulse

The product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…

Law of Conservation of Momentum

In the absence of an external force, the momentum of a system…

Momentum

Impulse

Impulse-momentum relationship

Law of conservation of momentum

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.

The product of the force acting on an and the time during whi…

Impulse is equal to the change in the momentum of the object…

In the absence of an external force, the momentum of a system…

Momentum

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.

Impulse

The product of the force acting on an and the time during whi…

Momentum

Impulse

Bouncing

Conservation of Momentum

-A property of moving things... -means inertia in motion... -move s…

-Product of force and time... - Impulse = FT... -FT = (change in) (…

-Pelton wheel designed to bounce water when it makes a U-turn…

In the absence of an external force, the momentum of a system…

Momentum

-A property of moving things... -means inertia in motion... -move s…

Impulse

-Product of force and time... - Impulse = FT... -FT = (change in) (…

Tempterature

Celsius

Farenheit

Thermal Energy

The quantity that indicates how warm or cold an object is

Most common scale for measuring temps; 100 equal parts betwee…

Most common in US; 32 freezing, 212 boiling

Related to the sum of total kinetic energy of all particles a…

Tempterature

The quantity that indicates how warm or cold an object is

Celsius

Most common scale for measuring temps; 100 equal parts betwee…

Absolute zero

Entropy

First Law of Thermodynamics

Heat

The temperature at which no further energy can be taken from…

The measure of energy dispersal of a system. Whenever energy…

A restatement of the law of energy conservation, usually as i…

The thermal energy that flows from a substance of higher temp…

Absolute zero

The temperature at which no further energy can be taken from…

Entropy

The measure of energy dispersal of a system. Whenever energy…

When the highest occupied energy level…

electron dot diagram

Some elements achieve stable electron…

ion

the atom is stable and not likely to react

a model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…

the transfer of electrons between atoms

an atom that has a net positive or negative electric charge

When the highest occupied energy level…

the atom is stable and not likely to react

electron dot diagram

a model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…

Momentum

Momentum is...

By momentum we mean...

Momentum in shorthand:

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

a property of moving things.

Inertia in motion.

**Momentum =mv**

Momentum

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

Momentum is...

a property of moving things.

Momentum

Momentum is...

By momentum we mean...

Momentum in shorthand:

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

a property of moving things.

Inertia in motion.

**Momentum =mv**

Momentum

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

Momentum is...

a property of moving things.

Momentum

Impulse

Impulse-momentum relationship

Law of conservation of momentum

The product of mass of an object and its velocity.

The product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…

Impulse is equal to the change in the momentum of the object…

In the absence of an external force, the momentum of a system…

Momentum

The product of mass of an object and its velocity.

Impulse

The product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…

Momentum

Impulse

Impulse-momentum relationship

Law of conservation of momentum

Inertia in motion (mass x velocity)

Force x time

Impulse = change in momentum

In the absence of an external force, the momentum of a system…

Momentum

Inertia in motion (mass x velocity)

Impulse

Force x time

momentum

impulse

conservation of momentum

collisions

m

**v; kg**m/s; a property of moving thingsF*t; N; total "kick" received by an object

in the absence of a net external force, the momentum of a sys…

for all collisions in the absence of external forces; net mom…

momentum

m

**v; kg**m/s; a property of moving thingsimpulse

F*t; N; total "kick" received by an object

momentum

impulse

conservation of momentum

collisions

m

**v; kg**m/s; a property of moving thingsF*t; N; total "kick" received by an object

in the absence of a net external force, the momentum of a sys…

for all collisions in the absence of external forces; net mom…

momentum

m

**v; kg**m/s; a property of moving thingsimpulse

F*t; N; total "kick" received by an object

if an object is not moving what is its…

if two particles have equal kinetic en…

a truck loaded with sand is moving dow…

gymnasts always preform on padded mats…

zero

no, The squared velocity in the kinetic energy equation resul…

A. momentum increases. If the velocity os increasing then the…

the impulse momentum theorem is F delta T = delta p. gymnasts…

if an object is not moving what is its…

zero

if two particles have equal kinetic en…

no, The squared velocity in the kinetic energy equation resul…

Fluids

Air Resistance

Free-Body Diagram

Pressure

Both liquid and gases

The friction acting on something moving through the air

A diagram showing all the forces acting on an object

The amount of force per unit of area

Fluids

Both liquid and gases

Air Resistance

The friction acting on something moving through the air

Which of the following has the largest…

A freight train rolls along a track wi…

It is correct to say that impulse is e…

The impulse-momentum relationship is a…

a pickup truck speeding along a highway

doubled

the change in momentum it produces

Newton's 2nd law

Which of the following has the largest…

a pickup truck speeding along a highway

A freight train rolls along a track wi…

doubled

Momentum

Impulse

Law of conservation of momentum

Elastic collision

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

The product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…

In the absence of an external force, the momentum of a system…

A collision in which colliding objects rebound without lastin…

Momentum

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

Impulse

The product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…

While driving fast around a sharp righ…

Which of the following point towards t…

A Ping-Pong ball is shot into a circul…

A car drives at steady speed around a…

Centrifugal force is pushing you into the door.... * The door i…

* Acceleration, net force.... Velocity, acceleration.... Velocity…

(c) horizontal -->

The car's acceleration is zero.... Both the acceleration and ne…

While driving fast around a sharp righ…

Centrifugal force is pushing you into the door.... * The door i…

Which of the following point towards t…

* Acceleration, net force.... Velocity, acceleration.... Velocity…

A batter bunts a pitched baseball, blo…

If two objects collide and one is init…

In perfectly inelastic collisions betw…

One commentator remarked that the forc…

(a) No. It cannot carry more kinetic energy than it possesses…

(a) No. One of the objects was in motion before collision, so…

If all the kinetic energy disappears, there must be no motion…

The glass, concrete, and steel were part of the rigid structu…

A batter bunts a pitched baseball, blo…

(a) No. It cannot carry more kinetic energy than it possesses…

If two objects collide and one is init…

(a) No. One of the objects was in motion before collision, so…

doubling the mass or velocity...... doubl…

isolated systems

newtons third law

conservation of momentum

doubles the momentum... quadruples the momentum

total momentum of the system doesn't change with the passage…

at all times these two forces are equal in magnitude and oppo…

when no net external forces act on a system, the total moment…

doubling the mass or velocity...... doubl…

doubles the momentum... quadruples the momentum

isolated systems

total momentum of the system doesn't change with the passage…

Inverse

Newton's Second Law

Fluid

Air Resistance

when two objects change in the opposite direction

when the acceleration produced by a net force on an object is…

a liquid or a gas

friction acting on something moving through the air

Inverse

when two objects change in the opposite direction

Newton's Second Law

when the acceleration produced by a net force on an object is…

Interaction

Newton's Third Law

Action force

Reaction Force

Mutual action between one thing and another

Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…

1st part of an Action-reaction pair

2nd part of an Action-reaction pair

Interaction

Mutual action between one thing and another

Newton's Third Law

Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…

Momentum

Momentum is...

By momentum we mean...

Momentum in shorthand:

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

a property of moving things.

Inertia in motion.

**Momentum =mv**

Momentum

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

Momentum is...

a property of moving things.

Momentum

Impulse

Law of conservation of momentum

Elastic collision

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

The product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…

In the absence of an external force, the momentum of a system…

A collision in which colliding objects rebound without lastin…

Momentum

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

Impulse

The product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…

Does the speed of two objects rubbing…

Does the contact area of two objects e…

What causes friction?

Which is larger, kinetic friction or s…

No, it's always the same

No, it's always the same

Microscopic irregularities of surfaces that slide against eac…

Static friction

Does the speed of two objects rubbing…

No, it's always the same

Does the contact area of two objects e…

No, it's always the same

Newton's Third Law (of Interaction)

action, reaction

Wall pushes on person.

air, gas

For every action force, there is an equal and opposite reacti…

For every ____

**force**, there is an equal and opposite ____ *…A person pushes on a wall. What's the reaction force?

A person sends a rocket into space. It's able to escape the _…

Newton's Third Law (of Interaction)

For every action force, there is an equal and opposite reacti…

action, reaction

For every ____

**force**, there is an equal and opposite ____ *…A sandbag is motionless in outerspace.…

A freight train rolls along a track wi…

When a rifle is fired, it recoils as t…

Two 5000-kg passenger cars roll withou…

None of these

Doubled

but opposite amounts of momentum

5000 kg m/s

A sandbag is motionless in outerspace.…

None of these

A freight train rolls along a track wi…

Doubled

Potential Energy

Electrical potential energy

Battery

Resistor

the energy of a system due to its position in a force field

energy per unit charge

an electronic device serving as a source of electric power

a conductor whose function is to control the current in a cir…

Potential Energy

the energy of a system due to its position in a force field

Electrical potential energy

energy per unit charge

Inversely

Newton's Second Law

Fluids

Air Resistance

Two values change in opposite directions

The acceleration produced by a net force on an object is dire…

Liquids or gasses

The friction acting on something moving through air

Inversely

Two values change in opposite directions

Newton's Second Law

The acceleration produced by a net force on an object is dire…

action force

interaction

newton's third law

reaction force

One of the pair of forces described in Newton's third law.

A mutual action between objects where each other exerts an eq…

Whenever one body exerts a force on a second body, the second…

The force that is equal in strength and opposite in direction…

action force

One of the pair of forces described in Newton's third law.

interaction

A mutual action between objects where each other exerts an eq…

Momentum

Momentum is...

By momentum we mean...

Momentum in shorthand:

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

a property of moving things.

Inertia in motion.

**Momentum =mv**

Momentum

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

Momentum is...

a property of moving things.

Momentum

Momentum is...

By momentum we mean...

Momentum in shorthand:

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

a property of moving things.

Inertia in motion.

**Momentum =mv**

Momentum

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

Momentum is...

a property of moving things.

Momentum

Momentum is...

By momentum we mean...

Momentum in shorthand:

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

a property of moving things.

Inertia in motion.

**Momentum =mv**

Momentum

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

Momentum is...

a property of moving things.

Momentum

Momentum is...

By momentum we mean...

Momentum in shorthand:

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

a property of moving things.

Inertia in motion.

**Momentum =mv**

Momentum

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... *Momen…

Momentum is...

a property of moving things.

Electric Forces

Charge

Columb

Atom

a force of attraction or repulsion determined by electrical c…

the fundamental property to which the mutual attractions or r…

SI unit of charge, abbreviated C; 1 C = 6.24 billion billion…

the smallest unit of a chemical element consisting of a colle…

Electric Forces

a force of attraction or repulsion determined by electrical c…

Charge

the fundamental property to which the mutual attractions or r…

Interaction

Newton's Third Law

Action force

Reaction Force

Mutual action between one thing and another

Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…

1st part of an Action-reaction pair

2nd part of an Action-reaction pair

Interaction

Mutual action between one thing and another

Newton's Third Law

Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…

Action force

Interaction

Newton's 3rd Law

Reaction force

One of the pair of forces described as Newton's 3rd Law

A mutual action between objects where each object exerts an e…

Whenever one body exerts a force on a second body, the second…

The force that is equal in strength and opposite in direction…

Action force

One of the pair of forces described as Newton's 3rd Law

Interaction

A mutual action between objects where each object exerts an e…

A sandbag is motionless in outerspace.…

A freight train rolls along a track wi…

When a rifle is fired, it recoils as t…

Two 5000-kg passenger cars roll withou…

None of these

Doubled

but opposite amounts of momentum

5000 kg m/s

A sandbag is motionless in outerspace.…

None of these

A freight train rolls along a track wi…

Doubled

When you whirl a can at the end of a s…

Does an inward force or an outward for…

When a car makes a turn, do seat belts…

If the string that holds a whirling ca…

The direction of the force that acts on the can is in inward…

inward

centripetal

lack of force

When you whirl a can at the end of a s…

The direction of the force that acts on the can is in inward…

Does an inward force or an outward for…

inward

What is the source of all sounds?

When frequency increases, what does pi…

What is the average frequency range of…

Define infrasonic.

Vibrating objects

Increases

20-20,000 Hz

Below 20 Hz

What is the source of all sounds?

Vibrating objects

When frequency increases, what does pi…

Increases

Newton's Second Law

Inversely

What causes an object to accelerate?

Equation for acceleration

the acceleration produced by a net force on an object is dire…

the two values change in opposite directions

unbalanced forces acting on an object cause the object to acc…

A=F/M

Newton's Second Law

the acceleration produced by a net force on an object is dire…

Inversely

the two values change in opposite directions