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Study sets matching "conceptual physics phsyics"

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Study sets matching "conceptual physics phsyics"

10 terms
Conceptual Physics
Motion
Speed
Velocity
Instantaneous Speed
Motion is relative to some frame of reference.
Speed is measure of how fast something is moving.
Velocity is speed in a given direction.
The speed at any instant is the instantaneous speed.
Motion
Motion is relative to some frame of reference.
Speed
Speed is measure of how fast something is moving.
12 terms
Conceptual Physics 2D Kinematics
vertical
horizontal
accelerator
constant velocity
Running straight up and down; upright, y axis
Going straight across from side to side, x axis
something that changes the velocity of motion
velocity that is not changing, zero acceleration
vertical
Running straight up and down; upright, y axis
horizontal
Going straight across from side to side, x axis
85 terms
Conceptual Physics Ch 5
Newton's third law of motion
Vector quantity
Scalar quantity
Vector
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
A quantity that has magnitude but not direction. Examples are…
An arrow drawn to scale used to represent a vector quantity.
Newton's third law of motion
Whenever one object exerts a force on a second object, the se…
Vector quantity
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples ar…
15 terms
Electrostatics Conceptual Physics
Electrostatics
Coulomb's Law
conductor
insulator
the branch of physics that deals with static electricity
electric force between charged objects depends on the distanc…
a device that allows electrons (electricity) to flow through…
a substance that does not allow electricity to flow through it.
Electrostatics
the branch of physics that deals with static electricity
Coulomb's Law
electric force between charged objects depends on the distanc…
17 terms
Conceptual Physics
The most basic of sciences
the metric term for distance
the scientific method
theory
physics
meter
1) question/ purpose/ issue... 2) form a hypothesis... 3) make and…
a large body of similar hypotheses that agree and are well te…
The most basic of sciences
physics
the metric term for distance
meter
17 terms
Conceptual Physics
The rate at which distance is covered…
The rate at which velocity changes wit…
The length of a vector represents its
The amount of matter in an object is n…
speed
acceleration
Magnitude
weight
The rate at which distance is covered…
speed
The rate at which velocity changes wit…
acceleration
15 terms
Conceptual Physics Electricity
capacitance
capacitor
resistor
current
how a capacitor is rated
a device which stores charge
a device which slows down the flow of electrons
the rate of flow of electrons
capacitance
how a capacitor is rated
capacitor
a device which stores charge
111 terms
conceptual physics
The building blocks of matter
Every simple, complex, living, or nonl…
Which element is the most abundant ele…
Which element is the lightest element…
atoms (proton,neutron and electrons)
100 elements
hydrogen
hydrogen
The building blocks of matter
atoms (proton,neutron and electrons)
Every simple, complex, living, or nonl…
100 elements
85 terms
Conceptual Physics
The newton is a unit of a. force b. ma…
If an object's mass is decreasing whil…
Two billiard balls having the same mas…
An object is propelled along a straigh…
a. force
c. increases.
a. 0
c. twice as much.
The newton is a unit of a. force b. ma…
a. force
If an object's mass is decreasing whil…
c. increases.
conceptual Physics
E... All of the above
C... A synthesis of a large collection…
A... An educated guess whereas a theory h…
A... Larger than the resistance of any in…
Physics is the most basic science because... a. the foundation…
A theory is... a. close agreement by competent observers of obse…
The difference between a hypothesis and a theory is that a hy…
When resistors are put in series next to each other, their ov…
E... All of the above
Physics is the most basic science because... a. the foundation…
C... A synthesis of a large collection…
A theory is... a. close agreement by competent observers of obse…
15 terms
Conceptual Physics - Magnetism
magnetism
magnetic poles
magnetic field
magnetic domains
A property of some materials in which there is a force of rep…
two ends of a magnet where the magnetic forces are strongest
the area around a magnet that affects all other magnetic obje…
a cluster of atoms whose magnetic fields are all in alignment
magnetism
A property of some materials in which there is a force of rep…
magnetic poles
two ends of a magnet where the magnetic forces are strongest
15 terms
Conceptual Physics Circuits
closed circuit
open circuit
series circuit
parallel circuit
A complete electrical circuit around which current flows or a…
An incomplete circuit through which electricity will not flow…
Resistors are connected so that the current follows a single…
Resistors in the circuit form branches each of which is a sep…
closed circuit
A complete electrical circuit around which current flows or a…
open circuit
An incomplete circuit through which electricity will not flow…
20 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 2
speed
instantaneous speed
average speed
velocity
rate at which distance is covered
speed at an instant
total distance covered divided by total time
speed in a given direction
speed
rate at which distance is covered
instantaneous speed
speed at an instant
16 terms
Conceptual physics chapter 1
Scientific method
Controlled experiment
Control
Variable
Orderly method for gaining, organizing and applying new knowl…
usually has a control group that is kept under normal conditi…
group that is kept under normal conditions, used as a compari…
conditions that can be changed
Scientific method
Orderly method for gaining, organizing and applying new knowl…
Controlled experiment
usually has a control group that is kept under normal conditi…
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 32 - Electrostatics
Electric Forces
Charge
Columb
Atom
a force of attraction or repulsion determined by electrical c…
the fundamental property to which the mutual attractions or r…
SI unit of charge, abbreviated C; 1 C = 6.24 billion billion…
the smallest unit of a chemical element consisting of a colle…
Electric Forces
a force of attraction or repulsion determined by electrical c…
Charge
the fundamental property to which the mutual attractions or r…
13 terms
Physics Conceptual
Interference
Double Slit experiment
Diffraction
Thin Film Interference
When light waves interact with other light waves either const…
Light goes through two slits and is diffracted which causes i…
Light is bent around a corner
A natural phenomenon in which light waves reflected by the up…
Interference
When light waves interact with other light waves either const…
Double Slit experiment
Light goes through two slits and is diffracted which causes i…
85 terms
Conceptual Physics
The newton is a unit of a. force b. ma…
If an object's mass is decreasing whil…
Two billiard balls having the same mas…
An object is propelled along a straigh…
a. force
c. increases.
a. 0
c. twice as much.
The newton is a unit of a. force b. ma…
a. force
If an object's mass is decreasing whil…
c. increases.
24 terms
Chapter 8: Energy - Conceptual Physics
Work
Power
Energy
Mechanical energy
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time... (More generally, p…
The property of a system that enables it to do work.
Energy due to the position of something or the movement of so…
Work
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
Power
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time... (More generally, p…
10 terms
Conceptual Physics
friction
Newton's 3rd Law
units for acceleration
weight
force that acts in opposite direction to motion
For every action there is an equal and opposing reaction
m/s^2
the amount of gravity pulling your mass down... =force of gravit…
friction
force that acts in opposite direction to motion
Newton's 3rd Law
For every action there is an equal and opposing reaction
85 terms
Conceptual Physics
The newton is a unit of a. force b. ma…
If an object's mass is decreasing whil…
Two billiard balls having the same mas…
An object is propelled along a straigh…
a. force
c. increases.
a. 0
c. twice as much.
The newton is a unit of a. force b. ma…
a. force
If an object's mass is decreasing whil…
c. increases.
5 terms
Conceptual Physics
problem
brainstorm
scientific method
question
a difficult possesion
a field study for ideas
a process scientist go through
a sentence worded or expressed
problem
a difficult possesion
brainstorm
a field study for ideas
146 terms
Conceptual Physics
Force
Net Force
Normal / Support Force
Vector
A push or pull exerted on an object
The combination of all forces acting on an object
A force exerted by one object on another in a direction perpe…
A quantity that has magnitude and direction
Force
A push or pull exerted on an object
Net Force
The combination of all forces acting on an object
14 terms
Conceptual Physics
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Plasma
Rigid; retains shape unless distorted by a force
Flows readily; conforms to the shape of a container; has a we…
Flows readily, conforms to the shape of a container, does not…
Rare on the Earth, but most of the visible matter in the univ…
Solid
Rigid; retains shape unless distorted by a force
Liquid
Flows readily; conforms to the shape of a container; has a we…
25 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 27
What is a photon?
Which theory of light is the photon mo…
How long does it take for light to tra…
How long does it take light to travel…
a particle of light
particle theory
about 1000 s
about 8 min
What is a photon?
a particle of light
Which theory of light is the photon mo…
particle theory
9 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 2
Force
Net Force
Vector
Vector Quantity
a push or pull
The combination of all forces acting on an object
An arrow representing magnitude and direction
included magnitude and direction (ex: velocity)
Force
a push or pull
Net Force
The combination of all forces acting on an object
111 terms
conceptual physics
The building blocks of matter
Every simple, complex, living, or nonl…
Which element is the most abundant ele…
Which element is the lightest element…
atoms (proton,neutron and electrons)
100 elements
hydrogen
hydrogen
The building blocks of matter
atoms (proton,neutron and electrons)
Every simple, complex, living, or nonl…
100 elements
88 terms
Conceptual Physics
Scientific Method
Fact
Law or Principle
Theory
Principles and procedures for the systematic pursuit of knowl…
a close agreement by competent observers who make a series of…
when a hypothesis has been tested over and over again and has…
synthesis of a large body of info that encompasses well teste…
Scientific Method
Principles and procedures for the systematic pursuit of knowl…
Fact
a close agreement by competent observers who make a series of…
76 terms
Conceptual Physics
The charge of an electron is ____.
Atomic nuclei of almost all elements c…
Two like charges ____.
Protons and electrons ____.
Negative
Protons and neutrons
Repel each other
Attract each other
The charge of an electron is ____.
Negative
Atomic nuclei of almost all elements c…
Protons and neutrons
14 terms
Conceptual Physics
Newton's First Law
Newton's Second Law
Newton's Third Law
friction
law of inertia
force = mass x acceleration
every action has an equal and opposite reaction
force that opposes a motion
Newton's First Law
law of inertia
Newton's Second Law
force = mass x acceleration
116 terms
Physics Conceptual
What is support force equal to?
What is a resultant vector
Is motion relative to other moving obj…
In a perfect physics world friction wo…
The weight of an object on it
When horizontal and vertical vectors combine
false..Motion is not relative to other moving objects
True
What is support force equal to?
The weight of an object on it
What is a resultant vector
When horizontal and vertical vectors combine
23 terms
Conceptual Physics
Distinguish between force and pressure
What is the relationship between liqui…
Why does the buoyant force act upward…
How does the buoyant force that acts o…
Pressure is force/area
Liquid pressure increases with depth; it increases sith density
There is greater lressure against the bottom
Same
Distinguish between force and pressure
Pressure is force/area
What is the relationship between liqui…
Liquid pressure increases with depth; it increases sith density
13 terms
Conceptual physics
How to find slope
Constant velocity
Constant positive velocity on velocity…
Acceleration on distance time graph
Rise over run
Linear pattern
Horizontal pattern
Quadratic pattern
How to find slope
Rise over run
Constant velocity
Linear pattern
24 terms
Conceptual Physics
Protons, Neutrons, and Elecrtons
Matter
Elements
90
the three subatomic particles that atoms are composed of
what atoms are the building blocks of
what atoms of the same type are called
how many elements are there
Protons, Neutrons, and Elecrtons
the three subatomic particles that atoms are composed of
Matter
what atoms are the building blocks of
Conceptual Physics - Heat and Temperature
phases
evaporation
condensation
saturated
one of the four possible forms of matter: solid, liquid, gas,…
the change of phase from liquid to gas that takes place on th…
the change of phase of a gas into a liquid; the opposite of e…
term applied to a substance, such a air, that contains the ma…
phases
one of the four possible forms of matter: solid, liquid, gas,…
evaporation
the change of phase from liquid to gas that takes place on th…
20 terms
CONCEPTUAL PHYSICS
Accuracy
Precision
Measuring with Precision
Range
how close a measurement is to the true value.
how close a measurement is to it's exact amount
Estimating one more decimal than the smallest division (unit)…
Biggest value-smallest value 范围,大小差值
Accuracy
how close a measurement is to the true value.
Precision
how close a measurement is to it's exact amount
25 terms
Conceptual Physics, Chapter 1 (Physics)
Scientific method
Problem (Observation)... Hypothesis... Exper…
Controlled experiment
Control
An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…
What are the 5 steps of the Scientific Method?
usually has a control group that is kept under normal conditi…
a group that is kept under normal conditions, used as a compa…
Scientific method
An orderly method for gaining, organizing, and applying new k…
Problem (Observation)... Hypothesis... Exper…
What are the 5 steps of the Scientific Method?
24 terms
Chapter 8: Energy - Conceptual Physics
Work
Power
Energy
Mechanical energy
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time... (More generally, p…
The property of a system that enables it to do work.
Energy due to the position of something or the movement of so…
Work
The product of the force and the distance moved by the force:…
Power
The time rate of work:... Power = work/time... (More generally, p…
21 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 29
Angle of incidence
Angle of reflection
Critical angle
Diffuse reflection
when a light ray strikes a surface, the angle of incidence is…
the angle between a reflected ray and the normal
the angle of incidence that produces an angle of refraction o…
The reflection of waves in many directions from a rough surface
Angle of incidence
when a light ray strikes a surface, the angle of incidence is…
Angle of reflection
the angle between a reflected ray and the normal
9 terms
Conceptual Physics;
Law of Universal Gravitation
Universal Gravitational Constant
Inverse-Square Law
Gravitational Field
States that every object attracts every other object with a f…
Represented by a "G" in the Universal Gravitation equation (F…
When a quantity varies as the inverse square of its distance…
Occupies the space surrounding a massive body.
Law of Universal Gravitation
States that every object attracts every other object with a f…
Universal Gravitational Constant
Represented by a "G" in the Universal Gravitation equation (F…
8 terms
Conceptual Physics
Allow electrons to move through them e…
Charging by induction occurs only betw…
Occurs when objects are rubbed
Benjamin Franklin observed that neutra…
Conducters
Conducters
Triboelectricity
All objects conain two types of charge
Allow electrons to move through them e…
Conducters
Charging by induction occurs only betw…
Conducters
13 terms
Conceptual Physics -- Vector Vocabulary
Vector
Scalar
Resultant
Linear
Has magnitude and direction
Shows magnitude only
When you add two or more vectors to become 1 vector
Straight-line
Vector
Has magnitude and direction
Scalar
Shows magnitude only
41 terms
Physics conceptual
Compared to when a straw is closed at…
As the length of the straw increases t…
Decreasing the length of a string will…
Increasing the tension of the string w…
Hiher
Frequency decreases and wavelength increases
Increase
Increase
Compared to when a straw is closed at…
Hiher
As the length of the straw increases t…
Frequency decreases and wavelength increases
20 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 26
What is the source of all sounds?
When frequency increases, what does pi…
What is the average frequency range of…
Define infrasonic.
Vibrating objects
Increases
20-20,000 Hz
Below 20 Hz
What is the source of all sounds?
Vibrating objects
When frequency increases, what does pi…
Increases
130 terms
conceptual physics
A surface that is considered rough for…
A beam of light emerges from water int…
The average speed of light is greatest…
If you wish to spear a fish with a regu…
radio waves
away from normal
the red glass
below the sighted fish
A surface that is considered rough for…
radio waves
A beam of light emerges from water int…
away from normal
28 terms
Conceptual Physics: Momentum
Momentum
Momentum is...
By momentum we mean...
Momentum in shorthand:
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... Moment…
a property of moving things.
Inertia in motion.
Momentum→Ρ =mv
Momentum
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity.... Moment…
Momentum is...
a property of moving things.
15 terms
Conceptual Physics
Where is kinetic energy the greatest ?
Where is potential energy the greatest ?
What is a wave ?
First step to figuring out the speed o…
at the equilibrium
at the amplitude
energy traveling as an oscillation
Convert the measures to meters and seconds
Where is kinetic energy the greatest ?
at the equilibrium
Where is potential energy the greatest ?
at the amplitude
14 terms
Conceptual Physics
distance=
time=
velocity=
bart ran 5000 meters from the cops and…
time * velocity
distance/velocity
distance/time
v=6m/s... d=5000m... t=?... d/v=t... t=5000m/6m/s... =833.3s=t
distance=
time * velocity
time=
distance/velocity
13 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 28
spectrum
white light
pigment
additive primary colors
spread of colors
combination of all the colors
material that selectively absorbs colored light
red, green, and blue
spectrum
spread of colors
white light
combination of all the colors
23 terms
Conceptual Physics
Speed
Average speed
Acceleration
velocity in freefall
Distance/time
total distance/time interval
change in velocity/time interval
v=gt
Speed
Distance/time
Average speed
total distance/time interval
218 terms
Conceptual Physics
(t/f) If a hockey puck slides at a con…
(t/f) If you are holding an apple at r…
(t/f) An object in equilibrium must be…
(t/f) For an object suspended by two s…
True
False
False
True
(t/f) If a hockey puck slides at a con…
True
(t/f) If you are holding an apple at r…
False
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