How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Newton's Third Law of Motion

Momentum

Momentum Formula

Law of Conservation of Momentum

This occurs when one object exerts a force on a second object…

The product of an object's mass and the velocity.

Momentum = Mass X Velocity

When net force acts on a system, then the total momentum of t…

Newton's Third Law of Motion

This occurs when one object exerts a force on a second object…

Momentum

The product of an object's mass and the velocity.

stays

unchanged

equal

Collisions

if there are no external forces, then the total momentum chan…

in the absence of external forces, the momentum of a system r…

we can calculate the momentum of system (total momentum) at a…

.... demonstrate the Law of Conservation of Momentum

stays

if there are no external forces, then the total momentum chan…

unchanged

in the absence of external forces, the momentum of a system r…

In the momentum = mass x velocity form…

In the momentum = mass x velocity form…

In the momentum = mass x velocity form…

The momentum before is equal to the

kg m/s

kg

m/s

momentum after when there is no external forces acting

In the momentum = mass x velocity form…

kg m/s

In the momentum = mass x velocity form…

kg

In the momentum = mass x velocity form…

In the momentum = mass x velocity form…

In the momentum = mass x velocity form…

The momentum before is equal to the

kg m/s

kg

m/s

momentum after when there is no external forces acting

In the momentum = mass x velocity form…

kg m/s

In the momentum = mass x velocity form…

kg

Recoil

When firing a gun, why is the total mo…

Explosion

Rocket propulsion

The total momentum of gun&bullet=0. Bullet moves faster than…

Their momenta are equal but acting in opposite directions

Before an explosion, total momentum=0. After explosion, each…

When a rockets engine fires in space, the rocket speeds up bu…

Recoil

The total momentum of gun&bullet=0. Bullet moves faster than…

When firing a gun, why is the total mo…

Their momenta are equal but acting in opposite directions

During a collision, ___ momentum is co…

Total initial momentum = total final m…

When two objects at rest push away fro…

Which of Newton's laws leads to the co…

total

conservation of momentum

zero

Third

During a collision, ___ momentum is co…

total

Total initial momentum = total final m…

conservation of momentum

During elastic collisions is momentum…

During perfectly inelastic collisions…

During inelastic collisions is momentu…

Is momentum a vector quantity?

Both momentum and kinetic energy are conserved

Only momentum

Only momentum

Yes

During elastic collisions is momentum…

Both momentum and kinetic energy are conserved

During perfectly inelastic collisions…

Only momentum

when a physical quantity is said to be…

what is the "process"?

In chemistry, what is said to be conse…

define system

remains unchanged in a process

some event that separates the before and after

mass, in chemical reactions

all of the objects whose motion you are interested in

when a physical quantity is said to be…

remains unchanged in a process

what is the "process"?

some event that separates the before and after

momentum

momentum equation

is momentum aways or never conserved i…

elastic collision

a mass in motion (P)

P=m*∨... P is measured in kg*m/s... m is measured in kg... velocity i…

always... P tot before = P tot after

perfect bounce, KE is conserved (no ∆U)

momentum

a mass in motion (P)

momentum equation

P=m*∨... P is measured in kg*m/s... m is measured in kg... velocity i…

impulse is..

area under a force-time graph measures

why is an air bag effective?

the angular momentum of an object equa…

change in momentum

impulse

it decreases the amount of force by increasing the time inter…

the product of the object's momentum of inertia and angular v…

impulse is..

change in momentum

area under a force-time graph measures

impulse

when objects exert forces on each othe…

the momentum of a 5 kg object moving a…

a reaction engine ejects hot gases in…

the momentum of an object is the produ…

remains the same

30 kg m/s

momentum

mass and velocity

when objects exert forces on each othe…

remains the same

the momentum of a 5 kg object moving a…

30 kg m/s

What did Newton's third law explain

What are the two most common interacti…

What is an explosion

When is an explosion a closed system w…

Action and reaction were equal and opposite forces

Explosions and collisions

A single object separating into two or more fragments

When there are no external unbalanced forces

What did Newton's third law explain

Action and reaction were equal and opposite forces

What are the two most common interacti…

Explosions and collisions

Momentum-

Momentum is a-

The amount of momentum depends on the...

How can you increase the momentum of a…

-Is inertia in motion.

-vector quantity.

... Mass of the object and the velocity of the object.

By increasing its mass or increase velocity.

Momentum-

-Is inertia in motion.

Momentum is a-

-vector quantity.

Conservation of energy

Potential energy

Gravitational potential energy

Kinetic energy

Energy cannot be created or destroyed; it may be transformed…

Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement.

Potential energy that depends on the height of an object.... PE…

Energy of motion. KE = (1/2)mv^2

Conservation of energy

Energy cannot be created or destroyed; it may be transformed…

Potential energy

Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement.

momentum

impetus

force

mass

the quantity of motion of a moving body, measured as a produc…

the quality of a thing that keeps it moving... -can also be defi…

a push or pull capable of changing the motion of an object

the amount of matter an object is made up of... -often defined i…

momentum

the quantity of motion of a moving body, measured as a produc…

impetus

the quality of a thing that keeps it moving... -can also be defi…

work

Joule

mechanical energy

kinetic energy

An applied force moving an object over a distance in the dire…

unit of work or energy, equal to the work done when a force o…

The energy an item has because of a movement or motion

The energy of a body resulting from its motion

work

An applied force moving an object over a distance in the dire…

Joule

unit of work or energy, equal to the work done when a force o…

work

Joule

mechanical energy

kinetic energy

An applied force moving an object over a distance in the dire…

unit of work or energy, equal to the work done when a force o…

The energy an item has because of a movement or motion

The energy of a body resulting from its motion

work

An applied force moving an object over a distance in the dire…

Joule

unit of work or energy, equal to the work done when a force o…

Momentum

Impulse

Units of momentum

Units for impulse

The product of an object's mass and velocity... p=m*v

Change in momentum... J = impulse

Kilogram-meters per second, kg m/s

n/s

Momentum

The product of an object's mass and velocity... p=m*v

Impulse

Change in momentum... J = impulse

Law of Momentum Conservation

momentum

When the lone marble crashed into a gr…

This force caused the marble to accele…

In a collision that is not affected by outside influences, th…

The mass (measure of how much matter) of an object times its…

Newton's Third Law says that in return, the marble it hit wil…

Newton's Second Law says that the acceleration stopped the ma…

Law of Momentum Conservation

In a collision that is not affected by outside influences, th…

momentum

The mass (measure of how much matter) of an object times its…

energy

conservation

Law of Conservation of Energy

potential energy

the ability to do work (units: J)

the total amount remains the same in a closed system

Energy cannot be created nor destroyed, but it can change for…

energy due to position

energy

the ability to do work (units: J)

conservation

the total amount remains the same in a closed system

energy

mechanical energy

kinetic energy

gravitational potential energy

the ability to do work or produce a change

the total kinetic energy and potential energy of an object

energy due to motion; type of mechanical energy

energy due to height or position; type of mechanical energy

energy

the ability to do work or produce a change

mechanical energy

the total kinetic energy and potential energy of an object

What must happen for an object's momen…

when momentum is unchanged,

conservation of momentum

if two colliding objects are considere…

a (external) net force must be applied

it is conserved

central law of physics; stated as "in the absence of an exter…

the momentum of the system remains unchanged during the colli…

What must happen for an object's momen…

a (external) net force must be applied

when momentum is unchanged,

it is conserved

Momentum

Elastic collision

Mechanical Energy

Pendulum

P=mv

a collision between ideally elastic bodies in which the final…

In the physical sciences, mechanical energy is the sum of pot…

A hanging mass that swings back and forth when pulled to one…

Momentum

P=mv

Elastic collision

a collision between ideally elastic bodies in which the final…

momentum

collision

elastic collision

inelastic collision

A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…

A situation in which two objects in close contact exchange en…

A collision in which colliding objects rebound without lastin…

A collision in which the colliding objects become distorted,…

momentum

A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…

collision

A situation in which two objects in close contact exchange en…

force

Newton (kg m/s^2)

inertia

Newton's 1st law

strength or energy as an attribute off physical action or mov…

what is the unit of force

resistance to change unless acted upon by an outside force

an object will remain at rest or in uniform motion in a strai…

force

strength or energy as an attribute off physical action or mov…

Newton (kg m/s^2)

what is the unit of force

Conservation of energy

Potential energy

Gravitational potential energy

Kinetic energy

Energy cannot be created or destroyed; it may be transformed…

Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement.

Potential energy that depends on the height of an object.... PE…

Energy of motion. KE = (1/2)mv^2

Conservation of energy

Energy cannot be created or destroyed; it may be transformed…

Potential energy

Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement.

momentum

impulse

if a gun is shot, which applies more f…

when a gun is shot, why does it recoil…

the quantity of mass * velocity... controlled by mass and veloci…

change in momentum... **or**... force x time... I=mv... I=ft... mv=ft

they apply the same force

it recoils at a slower speed than the bullet because it's mas…

momentum

the quantity of mass * velocity... controlled by mass and veloci…

impulse

change in momentum... **or**... force x time... I=mv... I=ft... mv=ft

Angular momentum

Law of conservation of momentum

Angular impulse angular momentum theorem

Law of conservation of angular momentum

The product of a rotating object's moment of inertia and its…

States that the momentum of any closed, isolated system does…

States that the angular impulse on an object equals the diffe…

States that an object's initial angular momentum equals its f…

Angular momentum

The product of a rotating object's moment of inertia and its…

Law of conservation of momentum

States that the momentum of any closed, isolated system does…

Momentum

Impulse

Elastic Collision

Completely Inelastic Collision

Inertia in motion

A force exerted over time that causes objects to bounce perfe…

Collision that causes objects to bounce perfectly

Collision that causes objects to stick together

Momentum

Inertia in motion

Impulse

A force exerted over time that causes objects to bounce perfe…

Momentum

Impluse

Elastic Collision

Completely Inelastic Collision

Inertia in motion.

A force exerted over time that causes a change in momentum.

Collision that causes objects to bounce perfectly.

Collision that causes objects to stick together.

Momentum

Inertia in motion.

Impluse

A force exerted over time that causes a change in momentum.

heavy truck

No

P=mv

P

Which is harder to stop. Heavy truck or small car?

Can you tell if an object has a greater momentum by just look…

formula for momentum

momentum (kg m/s or Ns)

heavy truck

Which is harder to stop. Heavy truck or small car?

No

Can you tell if an object has a greater momentum by just look…

Momentum

Impulse

Elastic Collision

Completely Inelastic Collision

Inertia in motion

A force exerted over time that causes a change in momentum

Collision that causes objects to bounce perfectly

Collision that causes objects to stick together

Momentum

Inertia in motion

Impulse

A force exerted over time that causes a change in momentum

Momentum

Impulse

Elastic Collision

Completely Inelastic Collision

inertia in motion

A force exerted over time that causes a change in momentum

Collision that causes objects to bounce perfectly

Collision that causes objects to stick together

Momentum

inertia in motion

Impulse

A force exerted over time that causes a change in momentum

Momentum

Impulse

closed system

isolated system

product of the objects mass and velocity

product of the average force on an object and the time interv…

a system in which there is no loss or gain of mass

the when the net external force exerted on a closed system is…

Momentum

product of the objects mass and velocity

Impulse

product of the average force on an object and the time interv…

Impulse (9.1)

Momentum (9.1)

Impulse-momentum theorem (9.1)

Angular momentum (9.1)

The product of the average net force on an object and the tim…

The product of the object's mass and the object's velocity; i…

States that the impulse on an object equals the object's fina…

The product of a rotating object's moment of inertia and its…

Impulse (9.1)

The product of the average net force on an object and the tim…

Momentum (9.1)

The product of the object's mass and the object's velocity; i…

mass

impulse

kg x m/s

impulse

momentum is the product of an object's _____ and velocity

the quantity Ft is called

the unit of momentum in SI is

the change of momentum for an object is equal to and caused b…

mass

momentum is the product of an object's _____ and velocity

impulse

the quantity Ft is called

collision in closed system

total momentum of collision is closed…

conserved

collision

total momentum of the system doesn't change with a passage time

remains constant in both magnitude and in direction

moment of individual objects in system may change but vector…

could be result of physical contact between two objects

collision in closed system

total momentum of the system doesn't change with a passage time

total momentum of collision is closed…

remains constant in both magnitude and in direction

Linear

Momentum

Velocity

Conserved

represented by lines; straight

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity

the time rate of change of position of a body in a specified…

to hold (a property) constant during an interaction/process

Linear

represented by lines; straight

Momentum

The product of the mass of an object and its velocity

Law of conservation of momentum

Collisions

goal in collisions

forces in collisions

when a net external force acting on a system is zero, the tot…

short time, big forces, deformation

predict the outcome of the collision (final velocities)

not constant, change in bizzar complex ways

Law of conservation of momentum

when a net external force acting on a system is zero, the tot…

Collisions

short time, big forces, deformation

-Graphing calculators default to "Radians" and must be change…

Are on the same line and point the same way or in opposite di…

They can be added or subtracted normally.

Are vectors that are perpendicular to each other.

-Graphing calculators default to "Radians" and must be change…

Are on the same line and point the same way or in opposite di…