How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "conservation momentum"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "conservation momentum"

6 terms
Conservation of Momentum
Newton's Third Law of Motion
Momentum
Momentum Formula
Law of Conservation of Momentum
This occurs when one object exerts a force on a second object…
The product of an object's mass and the velocity.
Momentum = Mass X Velocity
When net force acts on a system, then the total momentum of t…
Newton's Third Law of Motion
This occurs when one object exerts a force on a second object…
Momentum
The product of an object's mass and the velocity.
13 terms
Conservation of Momentum
momentum
momentum equation
impulse
impulse equation
(inertia in motion) the product of the mass and velocity of a…
P=m▲v
is a force applied to an object over a period of time
J=F▲t
momentum
(inertia in motion) the product of the mass and velocity of a…
momentum equation
P=m▲v
9 terms
Conservation of Momentum
stays
unchanged
equal
Collisions
if there are no external forces, then the total momentum chan…
in the absence of external forces, the momentum of a system r…
we can calculate the momentum of system (total momentum) at a…
.... demonstrate the Law of Conservation of Momentum
stays
if there are no external forces, then the total momentum chan…
unchanged
in the absence of external forces, the momentum of a system r…
32 terms
Conservation of Momentum
angular momentum
L=
I
I=
L
Iw
rotational inertia
1/2mr^2
angular momentum
L
L=
Iw
17 terms
Conservation of momentum
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
The momentum before is equal to the
kg m/s
kg
m/s
momentum after when there is no external forces acting
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
kg m/s
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
kg
13 terms
Conservation of Momentum
momentum formula
unit of momentum
When there are no external forces...
MaVai + MbVbi = MaVaf + MbVbf
p=mv
kg/m/s (rob)
a systems momentum remains constant
elastic
momentum formula
p=mv
unit of momentum
kg/m/s (rob)
17 terms
Conservation of momentum
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
The momentum before is equal to the
kg m/s
kg
m/s
momentum after when there is no external forces acting
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
kg m/s
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
kg
5 terms
Conservation of momentum
Recoil
When firing a gun, why is the total mo…
Explosion
Rocket propulsion
The total momentum of gun&bullet=0. Bullet moves faster than…
Their momenta are equal but acting in opposite directions
Before an explosion, total momentum=0. After explosion, each…
When a rockets engine fires in space, the rocket speeds up bu…
Recoil
The total momentum of gun&bullet=0. Bullet moves faster than…
When firing a gun, why is the total mo…
Their momenta are equal but acting in opposite directions
8 terms
Conservation of Momentum
During a collision, ___ momentum is co…
Total initial momentum = total final m…
When two objects at rest push away fro…
Which of Newton's laws leads to the co…
total
conservation of momentum
zero
Third
During a collision, ___ momentum is co…
total
Total initial momentum = total final m…
conservation of momentum
49 terms
Conservation of Momentum
During elastic collisions is momentum…
During perfectly inelastic collisions…
During inelastic collisions is momentu…
Is momentum a vector quantity?
Both momentum and kinetic energy are conserved
Only momentum
Only momentum
Yes
During elastic collisions is momentum…
Both momentum and kinetic energy are conserved
During perfectly inelastic collisions…
Only momentum
24 terms
conservation of momentum
when a physical quantity is said to be…
what is the "process"?
In chemistry, what is said to be conse…
define system
remains unchanged in a process
some event that separates the before and after
mass, in chemical reactions
all of the objects whose motion you are interested in
when a physical quantity is said to be…
remains unchanged in a process
what is the "process"?
some event that separates the before and after
9 terms
Conservation of momentum
P=mv
P
M
V
Momentum = mass x velocity
momentum... Newtons x Seconds (Ns)
Mass... Kilograms (Kg)
Velocity... Meters/second (m/s)
P=mv
Momentum = mass x velocity
P
momentum... Newtons x Seconds (Ns)
10 terms
Conservation of Momentum
momentum
momentum equation
is momentum aways or never conserved i…
elastic collision
a mass in motion (P)
P=m*∨... P is measured in kg*m/s... m is measured in kg... velocity i…
always... P tot before = P tot after
perfect bounce, KE is conserved (no ∆U)
momentum
a mass in motion (P)
momentum equation
P=m*∨... P is measured in kg*m/s... m is measured in kg... velocity i…
22 terms
momentum and conservation
impulse is..
area under a force-time graph measures
why is an air bag effective?
the angular momentum of an object equa…
change in momentum
impulse
it decreases the amount of force by increasing the time inter…
the product of the object's momentum of inertia and angular v…
impulse is..
change in momentum
area under a force-time graph measures
impulse
22 terms
Momentum and Conservation
when objects exert forces on each othe…
the momentum of a 5 kg object moving a…
a reaction engine ejects hot gases in…
the momentum of an object is the produ…
remains the same
30 kg m/s
momentum
mass and velocity
when objects exert forces on each othe…
remains the same
the momentum of a 5 kg object moving a…
30 kg m/s
Conservation of Momentum
An object with a mass of 75 kg moving…
An object with a mass of 75 kg moving…
An object with a mass of 75 kg moving…
An object with a mass of 75 kg moving…
150
0
0
3
An object with a mass of 75 kg moving…
150
An object with a mass of 75 kg moving…
0
16 terms
Conservation of Momentum
What did Newton's third law explain
What are the two most common interacti…
What is an explosion
When is an explosion a closed system w…
Action and reaction were equal and opposite forces
Explosions and collisions
A single object separating into two or more fragments
When there are no external unbalanced forces
What did Newton's third law explain
Action and reaction were equal and opposite forces
What are the two most common interacti…
Explosions and collisions
25 terms
Momentum, impulse, and conservation of momentum
Momentum-
Momentum is a-
The amount of momentum depends on the...
How can you increase the momentum of a…
-Is inertia in motion.
-vector quantity.
... Mass of the object and the velocity of the object.
By increasing its mass or increase velocity.
Momentum-
-Is inertia in motion.
Momentum is a-
-vector quantity.
18 terms
Momentum, Impulse, and Conservation of Momentum
Momentum equation
Mass and Momentum
Velocity and Momentum
Units of Momentum
Mass times Velocity (p=mv)
Directly proportional
Directly proportional
kg times m/s
Momentum equation
Mass times Velocity (p=mv)
Mass and Momentum
Directly proportional
12 terms
Momentum, Impulse, and Conservation of Momentum
Momentum equation
Mass and Momentum
Velocity and Momentum
Units of Momentum
Mass times Velocity (p=mv)
Directly proportional
Directly proportional
kg times m/s
Momentum equation
Mass times Velocity (p=mv)
Mass and Momentum
Directly proportional
13 terms
Conservation of Energy and Momentum
Conservation of energy
Potential energy
Gravitational potential energy
Kinetic energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed; it may be transformed…
Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement.
Potential energy that depends on the height of an object.... PE…
Energy of motion. KE = (1/2)mv^2
Conservation of energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed; it may be transformed…
Potential energy
Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement.
14 terms
Physics - Momentum, Impetus, and Conservation of Momentum
momentum
impetus
force
mass
the quantity of motion of a moving body, measured as a produc…
the quality of a thing that keeps it moving... -can also be defi…
a push or pull capable of changing the motion of an object
the amount of matter an object is made up of... -often defined i…
momentum
the quantity of motion of a moving body, measured as a produc…
impetus
the quality of a thing that keeps it moving... -can also be defi…
13 terms
Conservation of Energy/Momentum
work
Joule
mechanical energy
kinetic energy
An applied force moving an object over a distance in the dire…
unit of work or energy, equal to the work done when a force o…
The energy an item has because of a movement or motion
The energy of a body resulting from its motion
work
An applied force moving an object over a distance in the dire…
Joule
unit of work or energy, equal to the work done when a force o…
13 terms
Conservation of Energy/Momentum
work
Joule
mechanical energy
kinetic energy
An applied force moving an object over a distance in the dire…
unit of work or energy, equal to the work done when a force o…
The energy an item has because of a movement or motion
The energy of a body resulting from its motion
work
An applied force moving an object over a distance in the dire…
Joule
unit of work or energy, equal to the work done when a force o…
14 terms
Momentum, Impulse and Conservation Vocab
Momentum
Impulse
Units of momentum
Units for impulse
The product of an object's mass and velocity... p=m*v
Change in momentum... J = impulse
Kilogram-meters per second, kg m/s
n/s
Momentum
The product of an object's mass and velocity... p=m*v
Impulse
Change in momentum... J = impulse
8 terms
Lesson 81 -- The Conservation of Momentum
Law of Momentum Conservation
momentum
When the lone marble crashed into a gr…
This force caused the marble to accele…
In a collision that is not affected by outside influences, th…
The mass (measure of how much matter) of an object times its…
Newton's Third Law says that in return, the marble it hit wil…
Newton's Second Law says that the acceleration stopped the ma…
Law of Momentum Conservation
In a collision that is not affected by outside influences, th…
momentum
The mass (measure of how much matter) of an object times its…
12 terms
Conservation of Energy and Momentum
energy
conservation
Law of Conservation of Energy
potential energy
the ability to do work (units: J)
the total amount remains the same in a closed system
Energy cannot be created nor destroyed, but it can change for…
energy due to position
energy
the ability to do work (units: J)
conservation
the total amount remains the same in a closed system
9 terms
Conservation of Energy and Momentum
energy
mechanical energy
kinetic energy
gravitational potential energy
the ability to do work or produce a change
the total kinetic energy and potential energy of an object
energy due to motion; type of mechanical energy
energy due to height or position; type of mechanical energy
energy
the ability to do work or produce a change
mechanical energy
the total kinetic energy and potential energy of an object
13 terms
Chapter 7- Conservation of Momentum
What must happen for an object's momen…
when momentum is unchanged,
conservation of momentum
if two colliding objects are considere…
a (external) net force must be applied
it is conserved
central law of physics; stated as "in the absence of an exter…
the momentum of the system remains unchanged during the colli…
What must happen for an object's momen…
a (external) net force must be applied
when momentum is unchanged,
it is conserved
13 terms
Conservation of Energy and Momentum
Momentum
Elastic collision
Mechanical Energy
Pendulum
P=mv
a collision between ideally elastic bodies in which the final…
In the physical sciences, mechanical energy is the sum of pot…
A hanging mass that swings back and forth when pulled to one…
Momentum
P=mv
Elastic collision
a collision between ideally elastic bodies in which the final…
13 terms
Conservation of Energy and Momentum
momentum
collision
elastic collision
inelastic collision
A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…
A situation in which two objects in close contact exchange en…
A collision in which colliding objects rebound without lastin…
A collision in which the colliding objects become distorted,…
momentum
A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…
collision
A situation in which two objects in close contact exchange en…
20 terms
newtons laws, momentum, and conservation of momentum
force
Newton (kg m/s^2)
inertia
Newton's 1st law
strength or energy as an attribute off physical action or mov…
what is the unit of force
resistance to change unless acted upon by an outside force
an object will remain at rest or in uniform motion in a strai…
force
strength or energy as an attribute off physical action or mov…
Newton (kg m/s^2)
what is the unit of force
10 terms
2. Conservation of Energy and Momentum
Conservation of energy
Potential energy
Gravitational potential energy
Kinetic energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed; it may be transformed…
Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement.
Potential energy that depends on the height of an object.... PE…
Energy of motion. KE = (1/2)mv^2
Conservation of energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed; it may be transformed…
Potential energy
Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement.
16 terms
Law of Conservation of Momentum
momentum
impulse
if a gun is shot, which applies more f…
when a gun is shot, why does it recoil…
the quantity of mass * velocity... controlled by mass and veloci…
change in momentum... or... force x time... I=mv... I=ft... mv=ft
they apply the same force
it recoils at a slower speed than the bullet because it's mas…
momentum
the quantity of mass * velocity... controlled by mass and veloci…
impulse
change in momentum... or... force x time... I=mv... I=ft... mv=ft
9 terms
Momentum and Its Conservation
Angular momentum
Law of conservation of momentum
Angular impulse angular momentum theorem
Law of conservation of angular momentum
The product of a rotating object's moment of inertia and its…
States that the momentum of any closed, isolated system does…
States that the angular impulse on an object equals the diffe…
States that an object's initial angular momentum equals its f…
Angular momentum
The product of a rotating object's moment of inertia and its…
Law of conservation of momentum
States that the momentum of any closed, isolated system does…
12 terms
Conservation of Momentum & Energy
Momentum
Impulse
Elastic Collision
Completely Inelastic Collision
Inertia in motion
A force exerted over time that causes objects to bounce perfe…
Collision that causes objects to bounce perfectly
Collision that causes objects to stick together
Momentum
Inertia in motion
Impulse
A force exerted over time that causes objects to bounce perfe…
12 terms
Conservation of Momentum & Enegry
Momentum
Impluse
Elastic Collision
Completely Inelastic Collision
Inertia in motion.
A force exerted over time that causes a change in momentum.
Collision that causes objects to bounce perfectly.
Collision that causes objects to stick together.
Momentum
Inertia in motion.
Impluse
A force exerted over time that causes a change in momentum.
10 terms
Conservation of momentum(Physics)
A key word to describe elastic
A key word to describe inelastic
A key word to describe explosion
Up
Bounce
Stick
Jumping or anything that moves away from each other
Positive
A key word to describe elastic
Bounce
A key word to describe inelastic
Stick
8 terms
Physics: conservation of momentum
Momentum
Solve momentum
Net P formula
Net(mv) formula
The thrust to opposite vector. Reaistance to change.
m*v
NetP(before) = NetP(after)
Net(mv) before = Net(mv) after
Momentum
The thrust to opposite vector. Reaistance to change.
Solve momentum
m*v
17 terms
Physics momentum impulse conservation
Momentum equation
Mass and Momentum
Velocity and Momentum
Units of Momentum
Mass times Velocity (p=mv)
Directly proportional
Directly proportional
kg times m/s
Momentum equation
Mass times Velocity (p=mv)
Mass and Momentum
Directly proportional
15 terms
Momentum and its conservation
heavy truck
No
P=mv
P
Which is harder to stop. Heavy truck or small car?
Can you tell if an object has a greater momentum by just look…
formula for momentum
momentum (kg m/s or Ns)
heavy truck
Which is harder to stop. Heavy truck or small car?
No
Can you tell if an object has a greater momentum by just look…
12 terms
Conservation of Momentum & Energy
Momentum
Impulse
Elastic Collision
Completely Inelastic Collision
Inertia in motion
A force exerted over time that causes a change in momentum
Collision that causes objects to bounce perfectly
Collision that causes objects to stick together
Momentum
Inertia in motion
Impulse
A force exerted over time that causes a change in momentum
12 terms
Conservation of Momentum & Energy Vocab
Momentum
Impulse
Elastic Collision
Completely Inelastic Collision
inertia in motion
A force exerted over time that causes a change in momentum
Collision that causes objects to bounce perfectly
Collision that causes objects to stick together
Momentum
inertia in motion
Impulse
A force exerted over time that causes a change in momentum
7 terms
Chapter 9 Momentum and Conservation
Momentum
Impulse
closed system
isolated system
product of the objects mass and velocity
product of the average force on an object and the time interv…
a system in which there is no loss or gain of mass
the when the net external force exerted on a closed system is…
Momentum
product of the objects mass and velocity
Impulse
product of the average force on an object and the time interv…
9 terms
Ch. 9 Momentum and Conservation
Impulse (9.1)
Momentum (9.1)
Impulse-momentum theorem (9.1)
Angular momentum (9.1)
The product of the average net force on an object and the tim…
The product of the object's mass and the object's velocity; i…
States that the impulse on an object equals the object's fina…
The product of a rotating object's moment of inertia and its…
Impulse (9.1)
The product of the average net force on an object and the tim…
Momentum (9.1)
The product of the object's mass and the object's velocity; i…
12 terms
Momentum and Its Conservation
mass
impulse
kg x m/s
impulse
momentum is the product of an object's _____ and velocity
the quantity Ft is called
the unit of momentum in SI is
the change of momentum for an object is equal to and caused b…
mass
momentum is the product of an object's _____ and velocity
impulse
the quantity Ft is called
11 terms
6.2 Conservation of Momentum
collision in closed system
total momentum of collision is closed…
conserved
collision
total momentum of the system doesn't change with a passage time
remains constant in both magnitude and in direction
moment of individual objects in system may change but vector…
could be result of physical contact between two objects
collision in closed system
total momentum of the system doesn't change with a passage time
total momentum of collision is closed…
remains constant in both magnitude and in direction
11 terms
Conservation of Momentum Vocab | Physics
Linear
Momentum
Velocity
Conserved
represented by lines; straight
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity
the time rate of change of position of a body in a specified…
to hold (a property) constant during an interaction/process
Linear
represented by lines; straight
Momentum
The product of the mass of an object and its velocity
7 terms
COLLISIONS & CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM
Law of conservation of momentum
Collisions
goal in collisions
forces in collisions
when a net external force acting on a system is zero, the tot…
short time, big forces, deformation
predict the outcome of the collision (final velocities)
not constant, change in bizzar complex ways
Law of conservation of momentum
when a net external force acting on a system is zero, the tot…
Collisions
short time, big forces, deformation
12 terms
Outcome 1:Momentum - Lesson 3:Conservation of Momentum
Reminders
Co-linear Vectors
Co-linear Vector Addition
Perpendicular Vectors
-Graphing calculators default to "Radians" and must be change…
Are on the same line and point the same way or in opposite di…
They can be added or subtracted normally.
Are vectors that are perpendicular to each other.
Reminders
-Graphing calculators default to "Radians" and must be change…
Co-linear Vectors
Are on the same line and point the same way or in opposite di…
1 of 10