Study sets matching "conservation momentum"

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Study sets matching "conservation momentum"

Conservation of Momentum
Newton's Third Law of Motion
Momentum
Momentum Formula
Law of Conservation of Momentum
This occurs when one object exerts a force on a second object…
The product of an object's mass and the velocity.
Momentum = Mass X Velocity
When net force acts on a system, then the total momentum of t…
Newton's Third Law of Motion
This occurs when one object exerts a force on a second object…
Momentum
The product of an object's mass and the velocity.
Conservation of Momentum
Newton's Third Law of Motion
Momentum
Momentum Formula
Law of Conservation of Momentum
This occurs when one object exerts a force on a second object…
The product of an object's mass and the velocity.
Momentum = Mass X Velocity
When net force acts on a system, then the total momentum of t…
Newton's Third Law of Motion
This occurs when one object exerts a force on a second object…
Momentum
The product of an object's mass and the velocity.
13 terms
Conservation of Momentum
momentum
momentum equation
impulse
impulse equation
(inertia in motion) the product of the mass and velocity of a…
P=m▲v
is a force applied to an object over a period of time
J=F▲t
momentum
(inertia in motion) the product of the mass and velocity of a…
momentum equation
P=m▲v
conservation of momentum
Inelastic, same mass
Inelastic collision, mass on dynamic
Elastic collision, same mass
Conservation of Momentum definition
They stick together and velocity slows down to ½ the original…
The dynamic ball slows down only slightly
The moving ball transfers all its momentum to the second one
Total momentum of a system is conserved if no external forces…
Inelastic, same mass
They stick together and velocity slows down to ½ the original…
Inelastic collision, mass on dynamic
The dynamic ball slows down only slightly
9 terms
Conservation of Momentum
stays
unchanged
equal
Collisions
if there are no external forces, then the total momentum chan…
in the absence of external forces, the momentum of a system r…
we can calculate the momentum of system (total momentum) at a…
.... demonstrate the Law of Conservation of Momentum
stays
if there are no external forces, then the total momentum chan…
unchanged
in the absence of external forces, the momentum of a system r…
Momentum and Conservation
Law of Conservation of Momentum
Isolated Syatem
Impulse
Closed System
The ____states the momentum of any closed isolated system doe…
In a(n)____mass in neither gained or lost
The product of the average force on an object and the time in…
In a(n)___, no net external force is extorted on the system.
Law of Conservation of Momentum
The ____states the momentum of any closed isolated system doe…
Isolated Syatem
In a(n)____mass in neither gained or lost
5 terms
Conservation of Momentum
Momentum
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
a quantity of how much inertia a dynamic object has
the transfer of heat energy within an object, or between obje…
the transfer of heat from one place to another caused by move…
a process by which energetic electromagnetic waves move from…
Momentum
a quantity of how much inertia a dynamic object has
Conduction
the transfer of heat energy within an object, or between obje…
32 terms
Conservation of Momentum
angular momentum
L=
I
I=
L
Iw
rotational inertia
1/2mr^2
angular momentum
L
L=
Iw
6 terms
Conservation of momentum
What is momentum?
Momentum equation
moment and velocity is scalar or vector
Principal of linear momentum
Linear momentum of object depend on:... 1)mass... 2)velocity
Momentum= mass X velocity
vector
Assume no external force act the linear momentum is conserved…
What is momentum?
Linear momentum of object depend on:... 1)mass... 2)velocity
Momentum equation
Momentum= mass X velocity
Conservation of momentum
P=mv
P
M
V
Momentum = mass x velocity
momentum... Newtons x Seconds (Ns)
Mass... Kilograms (Kg)
Velocity... Meters/second (m/s)
P=mv
Momentum = mass x velocity
P
momentum... Newtons x Seconds (Ns)
22 terms
momentum and conservation
impulse is..
area under a force-time graph measures
why is an air bag effective?
the angular momentum of an object equa…
change in momentum
impulse
it decreases the amount of force by increasing the time inter…
the product of the object's momentum of inertia and angular v…
impulse is..
change in momentum
area under a force-time graph measures
impulse
8 terms
Conservation of Momentum
During a collision, ___ momentum is co…
Total initial momentum = total final m…
When two objects at rest push away fro…
Which of Newton's laws leads to the co…
total
conservation of momentum
zero
Third
During a collision, ___ momentum is co…
total
Total initial momentum = total final m…
conservation of momentum
6 terms
Conservation of Momentum
Newton's Third Law of Motion
Momentum
Momentum Formula
Law of Conservation of Momentum
This occurs when one object exerts a force on a second object…
The product of an object's mass and the velocity.
Momentum = Mass X Velocity
When net force acts on a system, then the total momentum of t…
Newton's Third Law of Motion
This occurs when one object exerts a force on a second object…
Momentum
The product of an object's mass and the velocity.
12 terms
Conservation of Momentum
momentum formulas
unit of momentum
When there are no external forces...
elastic
p=mv and p=F(change in t)
kg/m/s (rob)
a systems momentum remains constant
MaVai + MbVbi = MaVaf + MbVbf
momentum formulas
p=mv and p=F(change in t)
unit of momentum
kg/m/s (rob)
6 terms
Conservation of Momentum
Identify how objects behave when conse…
If 2 pool balls are both going the sam…
Newton's third law
The motion of Consevation of Momentum…
Momentum is transferred, it doesn't just go away.
When they hit, they both move in the opposite direction (back…
For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.
Newton's third law.
Identify how objects behave when conse…
Momentum is transferred, it doesn't just go away.
If 2 pool balls are both going the sam…
When they hit, they both move in the opposite direction (back…
Conservation of Momentum
When is momentum conserved?
What is the requirement for momentum t…
What happens if an object in motion hi…
What happens if an object in motion hi…
In an collision in an isolated system in all three physical d…
It must have no external forces acting on it.... That means not…
The incoming object will stop once it collides. ... The last ob…
The incoming object might rebound.... The last object in the ro…
When is momentum conserved?
In an collision in an isolated system in all three physical d…
What is the requirement for momentum t…
It must have no external forces acting on it.... That means not…
Conservation of Momentum
During elastic collisions is momentum…
During perfectly inelastic collisions…
During inelastic collisions is momentu…
Is momentum a vector quantity?
Both momentum and kinetic energy are conserved
Only momentum
Only momentum
Yes
During elastic collisions is momentum…
Both momentum and kinetic energy are conserved
During perfectly inelastic collisions…
Only momentum
conservation of momentum
when a physical quantity is said to be…
what is the "process"?
In chemistry, what is said to be conse…
define system
remains unchanged in a process
some event that separates the before and after
mass, in chemical reactions
all of the objects whose motion you are interested in
when a physical quantity is said to be…
remains unchanged in a process
what is the "process"?
some event that separates the before and after
22 terms
Momentum and Conservation
when objects exert forces on each othe…
the momentum of a 5 kg object moving a…
a reaction engine ejects hot gases in…
the momentum of an object is the produ…
remains the same
30 kg m/s
momentum
mass and velocity
when objects exert forces on each othe…
remains the same
the momentum of a 5 kg object moving a…
30 kg m/s
Conservation of Momentum
An object with a mass of 75 kg moving…
An object with a mass of 75 kg moving…
An object with a mass of 75 kg moving…
An object with a mass of 75 kg moving…
150
0
0
3
An object with a mass of 75 kg moving…
150
An object with a mass of 75 kg moving…
0
Conservation of Momentum
What did Newton's third law explain
What are the two most common interacti…
What is an explosion
When is an explosion a closed system w…
Action and reaction were equal and opposite forces
Explosions and collisions
A single object separating into two or more fragments
When there are no external unbalanced forces
What did Newton's third law explain
Action and reaction were equal and opposite forces
What are the two most common interacti…
Explosions and collisions
18 terms
Momentum, Impulse, and Conservation of Momentum
Momentum equation
Mass and Momentum
Velocity and Momentum
Units of Momentum
Mass times Velocity (p=mv)
Directly proportional
Directly proportional
kg times m/s
Momentum equation
Mass times Velocity (p=mv)
Mass and Momentum
Directly proportional
25 terms
Momentum, impulse, and conservation of momentum
Momentum-
Momentum is a-
The amount of momentum depends on the...
How can you increase the momentum of a…
-Is inertia in motion.
-vector quantity.
... Mass of the object and the velocity of the object.
By increasing its mass or increase velocity.
Momentum-
-Is inertia in motion.
Momentum is a-
-vector quantity.
Momentum, Impulse, Conservation of Momentum
Momentum
How does momentum change when mass inc…
How does momentum change when velocity…
Which has more momentum: a large truck…
a measure of how difficult it is to stop a moving object; rep…
mass increases, momentum increases; directly proportional
velocity increases, momentum increases; directly proportional
large truck moving 30mph
Momentum
a measure of how difficult it is to stop a moving object; rep…
How does momentum change when mass inc…
mass increases, momentum increases; directly proportional
12 terms
Momentum, Impulse, and Conservation of Momentum
Momentum equation
Mass and Momentum
Velocity and Momentum
Units of Momentum
Mass times Velocity (p=mv)
Directly proportional
Directly proportional
kg times m/s
Momentum equation
Mass times Velocity (p=mv)
Mass and Momentum
Directly proportional
6 terms
Conservation of Momentum
Definition of Conservation of Momentum
Word equation for Conservation of Mome…
Equation for Conservation of Momentum
Momentum unit
For a collision or explosion occurring between object 1 and o…
Initial momentum (mass multiplied by velocity) of object 1 pl…
m₁u₁ + m₂u₂ = m₁v₁ + m₂v₂
kilogram metre per second (kgm/s)
Definition of Conservation of Momentum
For a collision or explosion occurring between object 1 and o…
Word equation for Conservation of Mome…
Initial momentum (mass multiplied by velocity) of object 1 pl…
17 terms
Conservation of momentum
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
The momentum before is equal to the
kg m/s
kg
m/s
momentum after when there is no external forces acting
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
kg m/s
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
kg
17 terms
Conservation of momentum
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
The momentum before is equal to the
kg m/s
kg
m/s
momentum after when there is no external forces acting
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
kg m/s
In the momentum = mass x velocity form…
kg
Conservation of momentum
Recoil
When firing a gun, why is the total mo…
Explosion
Rocket propulsion
The total momentum of gun&bullet=0. Bullet moves faster than…
Their momenta are equal but acting in opposite directions
Before an explosion, total momentum=0. After explosion, each…
When a rockets engine fires in space, the rocket speeds up bu…
Recoil
The total momentum of gun&bullet=0. Bullet moves faster than…
When firing a gun, why is the total mo…
Their momenta are equal but acting in opposite directions
10 terms
Conservation of Momentum
momentum
momentum equation
is momentum aways or never conserved i…
elastic collision
a mass in motion (P)
P=m*∨... P is measured in kg*m/s... m is measured in kg... velocity i…
always... P tot before = P tot after
perfect bounce, KE is conserved (no ∆U)
momentum
a mass in motion (P)
momentum equation
P=m*∨... P is measured in kg*m/s... m is measured in kg... velocity i…
13 terms
Conservation of Energy and Momentum
Conservation of energy
Potential energy
Gravitational potential energy
Kinetic energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed; it may be transformed…
Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement.
Potential energy that depends on the height of an object.... PE…
Energy of motion. KE = (1/2)mv^2
Conservation of energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed; it may be transformed…
Potential energy
Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement.
14 terms
Momentum, Impulse and Conservation Vocab
Momentum
Impulse
Units of momentum
Units for impulse
The product of an object's mass and velocity... p=m*v
Change in momentum... J = impulse
Kilogram-meters per second, kg m/s
n/s
Momentum
The product of an object's mass and velocity... p=m*v
Impulse
Change in momentum... J = impulse
Momentum and its Conservation
The product of force and time. J=Ft
How hard it is to stop something
Momentum Formula
Law of Impulse and Momentum
Impulse
Momentum
p = mv
Ft = m delta v
The product of force and time. J=Ft
Impulse
How hard it is to stop something
Momentum
Conservation of Energy & Momentum
momentum variable
When is momentum conserved?
conservation of energy formula
conservation of momentum formula
"p" (rho)
in both elastics and inelastic collisions
KE1 + PE1 = KE2 + PE2
m1v1 + m2v2 (initial) = m1v1 + m2v2 (final)
momentum variable
"p" (rho)
When is momentum conserved?
in both elastics and inelastic collisions
12 terms
Conservation of Energy and Momentum
energy
conservation
Law of Conservation of Energy
potential energy
the ability to do work (units: J)
the total amount remains the same in a closed system
Energy cannot be created nor destroyed, but it can change for…
energy due to position
energy
the ability to do work (units: J)
conservation
the total amount remains the same in a closed system
Conservation of Energy and Momentum
energy
mechanical energy
kinetic energy
gravitational potential energy
the ability to do work or produce a change
the total kinetic energy and potential energy of an object
energy due to motion; type of mechanical energy
energy due to height or position; type of mechanical energy
energy
the ability to do work or produce a change
mechanical energy
the total kinetic energy and potential energy of an object
Conservation of Energy and Momentum
Momentum
Elastic collision
Mechanical Energy
Pendulum
P=mv
a collision between ideally elastic bodies in which the final…
In the physical sciences, mechanical energy is the sum of pot…
A hanging mass that swings back and forth when pulled to one…
Momentum
P=mv
Elastic collision
a collision between ideally elastic bodies in which the final…
20 terms
newtons laws, momentum, and conservation of momentum
force
Newton (kg m/s^2)
inertia
Newton's 1st law
strength or energy as an attribute off physical action or mov…
what is the unit of force
resistance to change unless acted upon by an outside force
an object will remain at rest or in uniform motion in a strai…
force
strength or energy as an attribute off physical action or mov…
Newton (kg m/s^2)
what is the unit of force
Conservation of Energy and Momentum
momentum
collision
elastic collision
inelastic collision
A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…
A situation in which two objects in close contact exchange en…
A collision in which colliding objects rebound without lastin…
A collision in which the colliding objects become distorted,…
momentum
A quantity defined as the product of the mass and velocity of…
collision
A situation in which two objects in close contact exchange en…
Momentum, Impulse, Collisions, and Conservation of Momentum
What is the definition of momentum?
How is momentum related to force?
What is impulse?
What happens to momentum in a collision?
Object's mass x velocity... p=mv
it is a vector, comes from Newton's 2nd law- f=ma
change in momentum
Momentum is conserved
What is the definition of momentum?
Object's mass x velocity... p=mv
How is momentum related to force?
it is a vector, comes from Newton's 2nd law- f=ma
16 terms
Law of Conservation of Momentum
momentum
impulse
if a gun is shot, which applies more f…
when a gun is shot, why does it recoil…
the quantity of mass * velocity... controlled by mass and veloci…
change in momentum... or... force x time... I=mv... I=ft... mv=ft
they apply the same force
it recoils at a slower speed than the bullet because it's mas…
momentum
the quantity of mass * velocity... controlled by mass and veloci…
impulse
change in momentum... or... force x time... I=mv... I=ft... mv=ft
13 terms
Chapter 7- Conservation of Momentum
What must happen for an object's momen…
when momentum is unchanged,
conservation of momentum
if two colliding objects are considere…
a (external) net force must be applied
it is conserved
central law of physics; stated as "in the absence of an exter…
the momentum of the system remains unchanged during the colli…
What must happen for an object's momen…
a (external) net force must be applied
when momentum is unchanged,
it is conserved
10 terms
2. Conservation of Energy and Momentum
Conservation of energy
Potential energy
Gravitational potential energy
Kinetic energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed; it may be transformed…
Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement.
Potential energy that depends on the height of an object.... PE…
Energy of motion. KE = (1/2)mv^2
Conservation of energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed; it may be transformed…
Potential energy
Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement.
13 terms
Conservation of Energy/Momentum
work
Joule
mechanical energy
kinetic energy
An applied force moving an object over a distance in the dire…
unit of work or energy, equal to the work done when a force o…
The energy an item has because of a movement or motion
The energy of a body resulting from its motion
work
An applied force moving an object over a distance in the dire…
Joule
unit of work or energy, equal to the work done when a force o…
Conservation of Energy/Momentum
work
Joule
mechanical energy
kinetic energy
An applied force moving an object over a distance in the dire…
unit of work or energy, equal to the work done when a force o…
The energy an item has because of a movement or motion
The energy of a body resulting from its motion
work
An applied force moving an object over a distance in the dire…
Joule
unit of work or energy, equal to the work done when a force o…
Momentum and its conservation
heavy truck
No
P=mv
P
Which is harder to stop. Heavy truck or small car?
Can you tell if an object has a greater momentum by just look…
formula for momentum
momentum (kg m/s or Ns)
heavy truck
Which is harder to stop. Heavy truck or small car?
No
Can you tell if an object has a greater momentum by just look…
Momentum and Its Conservation
Angular momentum
Law of conservation of momentum
Angular impulse angular momentum theorem
Law of conservation of angular momentum
The product of a rotating object's moment of inertia and its…
States that the momentum of any closed, isolated system does…
States that the angular impulse on an object equals the diffe…
States that an object's initial angular momentum equals its f…
Angular momentum
The product of a rotating object's moment of inertia and its…
Law of conservation of momentum
States that the momentum of any closed, isolated system does…
Conservation of Momentum & Energy
Momentum
Impulse
Elastic Collision
Completely Inelastic Collision
Inertia in motion
A force exerted over time that causes objects to bounce perfe…
Collision that causes objects to bounce perfectly
Collision that causes objects to stick together
Momentum
Inertia in motion
Impulse
A force exerted over time that causes objects to bounce perfe…
Conservation of Momentum & Enegry
Momentum
Impluse
Elastic Collision
Completely Inelastic Collision
Inertia in motion.
A force exerted over time that causes a change in momentum.
Collision that causes objects to bounce perfectly.
Collision that causes objects to stick together.
Momentum
Inertia in motion.
Impluse
A force exerted over time that causes a change in momentum.
momentum and its conservation
mass and speed
the force that acts and the length of…
the impulse required to bring an objec…
in an absence of an external force, th…
what factors affect an object's momentum
what factors affect how much an object's momentum changes?
how does the impulse that acts on a moving object stops when…
what does the law of conservation of momentum state?
mass and speed
what factors affect an object's momentum
the force that acts and the length of…
what factors affect how much an object's momentum changes?
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