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Study sets matching "counseling chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "counseling chapter 8"

21 terms
Chapter 8 - Counseling
Relational Gestalt therapy
Field
Paradoxical theory of change
Figure
Stresses dialogue and relationship between client and therapi…
Dynamic system of interrelationships
Authentic change occurs more from being who we are than from…
Aspects of individuals experience that are most salient at an…
Relational Gestalt therapy
Stresses dialogue and relationship between client and therapi…
Field
Dynamic system of interrelationships
23 terms
Counseling Techniques Chapter 8
Narrative therapy
Restatements
Why do clients use restatements? Why d…
Summaries
*based on the assumption that people are storytelling creatur…
repeating or paraphrasing of the content or meaning of what a…
*help client by...... -they can evaluate what they are thinking…
a type of restatement that tie together several ideas or pick…
Narrative therapy
*based on the assumption that people are storytelling creatur…
Restatements
repeating or paraphrasing of the content or meaning of what a…
17 terms
Multicultural Counseling Chapter 8
Sending Messages
Receiving Messages
Verbal
Nonverbal
Clients make themselves feel understood.
Therapists attending to clients.
Content of what is said.
How something is said.
Sending Messages
Clients make themselves feel understood.
Receiving Messages
Therapists attending to clients.
13 terms
Chapter 8 interviewing and counseling
Basic listening sequence
questioning
Encouraging
Paraphrasing
included open questions, closed questions, encourages and par…
open questions followed by closed questions to bring out the…
used through out the session to help evoke details
catches the essence of what the client is saying
Basic listening sequence
included open questions, closed questions, encourages and par…
questioning
open questions followed by closed questions to bring out the…
26 terms
Research in Counseling Chapter 8
Action Research
Practical Action Research
Participatory Action Research
Clinical Significance
Focus on obtaining info that will change conditions in a part…
Focuses on the application aspect of conducting a study in th…
(Collaborative) is similar in nature to the practical action…
Interested in what professional counselors can use in the sco…
Action Research
Focus on obtaining info that will change conditions in a part…
Practical Action Research
Focuses on the application aspect of conducting a study in th…
10 terms
Chapter 8-Counseling families.
Handicapped Act Ammendments
Dysfunctional family work
Family therapy
Dementia
It encourages professionals to have families involved, we nee…
a dysfunctional family keeps its homeostasis with patient's i…
Family is a system in which all the components are interdepen…
It is an illness strinking the patient at the very core of hi…
Handicapped Act Ammendments
It encourages professionals to have families involved, we nee…
Dysfunctional family work
a dysfunctional family keeps its homeostasis with patient's i…
14 terms
Counseling Chapter 8
What is most important to know about i…
What is essential to the individual co…
Client characteristics that contribute…
In what areas may a client come to cou…
Individual counseling is a process with the goal to help clie…
- Therapeutic relationship (VITAL!)... - Counselor competencies…
- Willingness to admit problems... - Verbal fluency... - Ability to…
Occupational... Interpersonal... Family... Educational
What is most important to know about i…
Individual counseling is a process with the goal to help clie…
What is essential to the individual co…
- Therapeutic relationship (VITAL!)... - Counselor competencies…
36 terms
Counseling Children Chapter 8
Behaviorists View People As
Basic Concepts in Behavioral Counseling
Concepts
Principles of Learning
Responders and all behavior as learned. They reject self-dire…
Rather than mental illness, behaviorists discuss nonpathologi…
Principles of learning, consequences, schedules of reinforcem…
Behavioral counseling includes several techniques based on pr…
Behaviorists View People As
Responders and all behavior as learned. They reject self-dire…
Basic Concepts in Behavioral Counseling
Rather than mental illness, behaviorists discuss nonpathologi…
27 terms
Theory of Counseling Chapter 8
Gestalt Therapy was developed by..
Gestalt Therapy
The first goal is..
Focus on..
Fritz & Laura Perls
is an existential, phenomenological and process-based approac…
Awareness of what they are experiencing and how they are expe…
HERE AND NOW... What and How... I/Thou
Gestalt Therapy was developed by..
Fritz & Laura Perls
Gestalt Therapy
is an existential, phenomenological and process-based approac…
17 terms
Relational Counseling Chapter 8
Contracts
Corrupt Contracts
Desicional balance sheet
Eclectic
Working agreements that enumerate goals, roles, and reponsibi…
Contracts in which multiple service provides, working separat…
A motivational interviewing tool for clarifying a client's be…
A clinical practice approach incorporating aspects of more th…
Contracts
Working agreements that enumerate goals, roles, and reponsibi…
Corrupt Contracts
Contracts in which multiple service provides, working separat…
24 terms
Psychotherapy and counseling chapter 8
What kind of basis does Gestalt therap…
Existential
Experiential
Gestalt Views of human nature
Phenomenological Basis which is to focus on clients perceptio…
Person is to take responsibility for their destiny and identi…
therapist creates experiments; bring awareness and insight; p…
Deal With problems to gain awareness of external and internal…
What kind of basis does Gestalt therap…
Phenomenological Basis which is to focus on clients perceptio…
Existential
Person is to take responsibility for their destiny and identi…
Chapter 8- Counseling and Remediation
Counsleor
31 and 34
Alcohol
1 to 4
Supervisor assumes this role when information comes to a supe…
Alcohol largely affects males in their most productive years…
According to the National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Ab…
The estimated ratio of officers that may have a problem with…
Counsleor
Supervisor assumes this role when information comes to a supe…
31 and 34
Alcohol largely affects males in their most productive years…
Psychotherapy: Chapter 8-Behavioral Counseling
B.F. Skinner
Watson
reflexive
neutral; tabula rasa; responders; unle…
Academic background: ... -studied literature at Hamilton College…
Behaviorism... ___________ coined the term in 1913... Edward Thornd…
All CC begins with a _________ behavior - a major difference…
Nature of People... People are essentially born _______ with equ…
B.F. Skinner
Academic background: ... -studied literature at Hamilton College…
Watson
Behaviorism... ___________ coined the term in 1913... Edward Thornd…
20 terms
Chapter 8- Termination of the Counselling Relationship
Closing a Counselling Relationship
Function of Closing a Counselling Rela…
Function of Closing a Counselling Rela…
Timing of Closing
- Termination= the decision to end a counselling relationship…
Understanding the process of closing a counseling relationshi…
In counseling, closing signifies the end of therapy, and can…
Several pragmatic considerations in the timing of closing:... -…
Closing a Counselling Relationship
- Termination= the decision to end a counselling relationship…
Function of Closing a Counselling Rela…
Understanding the process of closing a counseling relationshi…
18 terms
Clinical and Counseling Psych Chapter 8
Personality
Projective Tests
Rorschach
Exner's Comprehensive System
Distinct, enduring patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behavi…
A procedure for discovering a person's characteristic modes o…
Use of inkblots to assess personality, emotional functioning,…
Most frequently used scoring technique for scoring the Rorsch…
Personality
Distinct, enduring patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behavi…
Projective Tests
A procedure for discovering a person's characteristic modes o…
19 terms
Counseling Adult Populations Chapter 8
personality
personality traits
personality states
personality factors
relatively enduring characteristics that define our individua…
patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors
short-term characteristics of a person
groups of traits that occur together in individuals
personality
relatively enduring characteristics that define our individua…
personality traits
patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors
27 terms
Chapter 8- Interviewing & Counselling Skills
Resistance...
These behaviors by counsellors, tend t…
Signs of Resistance...
Psychological Reactance is...
...is a term introduced by Freud that refers to a normal defe…
-arguing for change... -assuming the expert role... -criticizing, b…
-Failure to comply with basic procedures of counselling... -Host…
...used to describe how painful consequences (personal suffer…
Resistance...
...is a term introduced by Freud that refers to a normal defe…
These behaviors by counsellors, tend t…
-arguing for change... -assuming the expert role... -criticizing, b…
58 terms
Counseling Chapter 8: Gestalt Therapy
Who was the originator for the theory>
fritz belonged to what type of family?
what grade did he fail and how many ti…
t or f: perls was expelled from school…
Fritz perls
jewish low middle class
7th 2 times
true
Who was the originator for the theory>
Fritz perls
fritz belonged to what type of family?
jewish low middle class
28 terms
Introduction to counseling chapter 8 Gestalt therapy
Gestalt: An organized whole that is pe…
Fritz Perls
Perls believed that it is important to…
Perls maintained that people often fra…
more than the sum of its parts.
Founder of Gestalt Therapy
a whole rather than as discretely functioning parts.
losing touch with their inner selves, and by not coming to te…
Gestalt: An organized whole that is pe…
more than the sum of its parts.
Fritz Perls
Founder of Gestalt Therapy
6 terms
Chapter 8: Five Stage Counseling Session
Stage 1: Empathic relationship
Stage 2: Story & Strengths
Stage 3: Goals
Stage 4: Restory
Rapport & Structuring ("Hello.")
Gathering information & Defining Issues ("What's your concern…
Determining Outcomes ("What are we going to do about it?")
Exploring alternatives and Client Incongruities/Conflict ("Wh…
Stage 1: Empathic relationship
Rapport & Structuring ("Hello.")
Stage 2: Story & Strengths
Gathering information & Defining Issues ("What's your concern…
21 terms
Interviewing/counsel chapter 8
unconditional positive regard
hot topic
subtractive empathy
slightly subtractive
an attitude of grace, that values us even knowing our failing…
topic that bothers the counselor
When a counselor's completely off about what a client is feel…
Counselor gets feeling/emotion wrong but asks the client if t…
unconditional positive regard
an attitude of grace, that values us even knowing our failing…
hot topic
topic that bothers the counselor
36 terms
Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy: Chapter 8 Gestalt Therapy Terms
Contact
Dream work
Phenomenological inquiry
Field
The process of interacting with nature and with other people…
The Gestalt approach does not interpret and analyze dreams. I…
Through a therapist asking "what" and "how" questions, client…
A dynamic system of interrelationships.
Contact
The process of interacting with nature and with other people…
Dream work
The Gestalt approach does not interpret and analyze dreams. I…
29 terms
Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy Chapter 8
Awareness
Blocks to energy
Confluence
Confrontation
The process of attending to and observing ones own sensing, t…
Paying attention to where energy is located, how it is used,…
A disturbance in which the sense of the boundary between self…
An invitation for the client to become aware of discrepancies…
Awareness
The process of attending to and observing ones own sensing, t…
Blocks to energy
Paying attention to where energy is located, how it is used,…
17 terms
Chapter 8 Right to Counsel
1. What was the first case to recogniz…
2. What case extended the right of the…
3. What must the court ensure when Def…
4. What parties must be present in ord…
Powell v. Alabama
Gideon v. Wainwright
The court must ensure the Defendant is mentally competent to…
The government and the accused or, in other words, an encount…
1. What was the first case to recogniz…
Powell v. Alabama
2. What case extended the right of the…
Gideon v. Wainwright
12 terms
Counseling Ch 8
Time Management
Steps for time management
Committed Time
Maintenance time
Planned efficient use of time
Step 1 Analyze how you use your time... Step 2 prioritize activi…
The time you devote to school, work family etc
Time spending when you take care of yourself and your surroun…
Time Management
Planned efficient use of time
Steps for time management
Step 1 Analyze how you use your time... Step 2 prioritize activi…
28 terms
Theories and Practice of Counseling Psychology Chapter 8 Vocab - Gestalt Therapy
Awareness
Blocks to energy
Confluence
Confrontation
The ability to directly know and perceive, to feel, or to be…
Another form of defensive behavior; can be manifested by post…
Involves blurring the differentiation between the self and th…
Can be done in such a way that clients cooperate, especially…
Awareness
The ability to directly know and perceive, to feel, or to be…
Blocks to energy
Another form of defensive behavior; can be manifested by post…
39 terms
Chapter 8 cont..: Counseling - Gestalt Therapy
blocked energy
t or f: healthy people ahve flowing en…
waht is the goal of therapy in regards…
WHAT IS THE GOAL OF THIS THERAPY AN DO…
another form of defensive behavior
true
to transform blocks into adaptive behaviors by making client…
awareness
blocked energy
another form of defensive behavior
t or f: healthy people ahve flowing en…
true
17 terms
FS 2235 Chapter 8: Termination of Counseling Relationships
How to understand the process of closi…
Loss is associated with what?
Function of closing a counseling relat…
how does closing a counseling relation…
-ending associated with loss... -closing is not directly related…
post traumatic growth-- positive life changes that come as a…
signifies the end of therapy and can be a motivator
-knowledge that the counseling experience is limited in time…
How to understand the process of closi…
-ending associated with loss... -closing is not directly related…
Loss is associated with what?
post traumatic growth-- positive life changes that come as a…
24 terms
Chapter 8- Communication Styles and its impact on counseling and psychotherapy
3 major differences are especially imp…
older adult males, age 85 and higher,…
Communication styles
effective counseling also includes ver…
1) age ... 2) gender... 3) racial/ cultural differences ... -younger…
-white males are 3X more likely to commit suicide then their…
-effective helping involves the counselor and client to be ab…
most counselors concerned with accuracy of communication than…
3 major differences are especially imp…
1) age ... 2) gender... 3) racial/ cultural differences ... -younger…
older adult males, age 85 and higher,…
-white males are 3X more likely to commit suicide then their…
Preaching the Whole Counsel of God - Chapter 8
credibility
encoding
top-down attention
bottom-up attention
a term that refers to whether a person should be believed and…
the process of hearing, processing, and retaining information
attention that occurs when the brain voluntarily and intentio…
attention that is the involuntary and unconscious way the bra…
credibility
a term that refers to whether a person should be believed and…
encoding
the process of hearing, processing, and retaining information
22 terms
Chapter 8: How to Conduct a 5-Dimension Counseling Session Using Only Listening Skills
intentionally competent counselors
paraphrasing
summarizing
Three part GOAL of the basic-listening…
are aware, FLEXIBLE, and have the ability to move and change…
a form of selective attention; keying in on certain aspects.…
longer. beginning, middle, & end. draws influences & broader…
The key facts & thoughts around the situation. The central em…
intentionally competent counselors
are aware, FLEXIBLE, and have the ability to move and change…
paraphrasing
a form of selective attention; keying in on certain aspects.…
28 terms
Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy by Gerald Corey: Chapter 8 Gestalt Theory Key Terms. Northwest University Cherri Seese
Awareness
Blocks to energy
Confluence
Confrontation
Attending to and observing sensing, feeling and thinking of t…
Being conscious of where energy is, how it is used, how it ca…
boundary between self, environment is lost
Counselor acknowledging inconsistencies in client. EX: Perls…
Awareness
Attending to and observing sensing, feeling and thinking of t…
Blocks to energy
Being conscious of where energy is, how it is used, how it ca…
21 terms
Chapters 8+9 Counseling
some people suggestions that will prom…
some of the advantages of an excise pr…
In addition to substance, students mig…
You can promote good nights sleep by
ALL OF THESE ... varying the routine, doing it early, doing with…
ALL OF THESE... Weight loss... increase stamina... reduced risk in dis…
ALL OF THESE... Food... Sex ... Money
All of these... creating your next dads to dod list b4 you go to…
some people suggestions that will prom…
ALL OF THESE ... varying the routine, doing it early, doing with…
some of the advantages of an excise pr…
ALL OF THESE... Weight loss... increase stamina... reduced risk in dis…
57 terms
Counseling tb ch8 Gestalt
Cornerstones of Gestalt practice
Focuses
Field
Contemporary relational Gestalt therapy
- awareness... - choice... - responsibility
- here & now... - what & how of experiencing... - therapist authent…
a dynamic system of interrelationships
- stresses dialogue & therapeutic relationship... - more support
Cornerstones of Gestalt practice
- awareness... - choice... - responsibility
Focuses
- here & now... - what & how of experiencing... - therapist authent…
20 terms
Counseling: Chapters 1-8
Which of the following are considered…
Effective goals in counseling are ____…
According to Carl Rogers, empathy invo…
In which of the following do you break…
All of the Above
agreed upon by both the client and the counselor
perception; communication
When there is a contagious life-threatening disease
Which of the following are considered…
All of the Above
Effective goals in counseling are ____…
agreed upon by both the client and the counselor
15 terms
Intro to Counseling CH 8
Counseling is a process that includes:
The benefits of closing the counseling…
In counseling, closing the relationshi…
Successful counseling results in signi…
1. Building a counseling relationship... 2. Working in a counsel…
1. closing signals that something is finished ... 2. a way to…
accomplished
thinks, feels, and acts.
Counseling is a process that includes:
1. Building a counseling relationship... 2. Working in a counsel…
The benefits of closing the counseling…
1. closing signals that something is finished ... 2. a way to…
119 terms
Encyclopedia of Counseling: Appraisal Ch 8
Appraisal can be defined as
A test can be defined as a systematic…
The National Counselor Exam (NCE) is a…
A short answer test is a(n) _______ te…
the process of assessing or estimating attributes.
subjective
objective
free choice
Appraisal can be defined as
the process of assessing or estimating attributes.
A test can be defined as a systematic…
subjective
54 terms
vocabulary chapters 1-8 counseling
Countertransference
Mandatory ethics
Aspirational ethics
Positive ethics
any of our projections that influence the way we perceive and…
the view of ethical practice that deals with the minimum leve…
a higher level of ethical practice that addresses doing what…
an approach taken by practitioners who want to do their best…
Countertransference
any of our projections that influence the way we perceive and…
Mandatory ethics
the view of ethical practice that deals with the minimum leve…
17 terms
Research in Counseling Ch 8
True Experimental Design
Reasons to use Quasi-Experimental Desi…
Quasi-Experimental Designs
Threats to Internal Validity of Quasi-…
these are very useful in terms of controlling and eliminating…
• Random Assignment may not be possible... • Provide preliminary…
• Manipulation of one or more IVs... • No random assignment... • No…
o Selection... o History... o Testing... o Regression... o Mortality
True Experimental Design
these are very useful in terms of controlling and eliminating…
Reasons to use Quasi-Experimental Desi…
• Random Assignment may not be possible... • Provide preliminary…
14 terms
Chapter 8: Using Occupational and Labor Market Information in Vocational Counseling
What is the goal of Career counseling…
Define JOB
Define OCCUPATION
Define CAREER
is for people with disabilities to obtain and maintain satisf…
Refers to work done for an employer pay
refers to the type of work that an individual does
refers to a commitment to an occupation
What is the goal of Career counseling…
is for people with disabilities to obtain and maintain satisf…
Define JOB
Refers to work done for an employer pay
Chapter 10: Group Facilitation and Counseling
Brainstorm
Emotion-based
Facilitator
Ground Rules
Technique to generate as many ideas as possible for considera…
Feelings and emotional benefits that drive the behavior chang…
Uses group processes to keep members focused on content and g…
Set of guidelines for group members
Brainstorm
Technique to generate as many ideas as possible for considera…
Emotion-based
Feelings and emotional benefits that drive the behavior chang…
18 terms
Counseling- Chapter 3
Ethics Codes (Definition)
Ethics Codes (Continued)
Types of Ethics
Ethical Decision Making
Are guidelines that outline professional standards of behavio…
1. Codes do not make decisions for counselors.... 2. Counselors…
1. Mandatory Ethics: Deals with the minimum level of professi…
The principle that underlie our professional codes. ... When mak…
Ethics Codes (Definition)
Are guidelines that outline professional standards of behavio…
Ethics Codes (Continued)
1. Codes do not make decisions for counselors.... 2. Counselors…
29 terms
Chapter 7: Counseling
Counseling Defined
Characteristics of Good Counselors
Differences between counseling and psy…
Boundaries of Counseling
Advising, directing, and exchanging opinions and ideas; also…
Char. of good interviewers, and have a higher knowledge, use…
Counseling is helping people solve problems, psychotherapy is…
Important to understand our roles and roles that are best ser…
Counseling Defined
Advising, directing, and exchanging opinions and ideas; also…
Characteristics of Good Counselors
Char. of good interviewers, and have a higher knowledge, use…
45 terms
Gestalt Counselling Ch.8
The Least you Need to Know:
Gestalt Counseling:
Gestalt Counselors:
Gestalt Counselling in the 1960's
- Pioneered by Fritz Perls-known for his often flamboyant and…
Phenomenological approach that emphasizes:... People must be und…
- Help clients become more of who they really are by helping…
extreme a-theoretical phase of "anything goes"
The Least you Need to Know:
- Pioneered by Fritz Perls-known for his often flamboyant and…
Gestalt Counseling:
Phenomenological approach that emphasizes:... People must be und…
23 terms
Counseling Chapter Four
Sigmund Freud
Psychoanalytic Theory Consists of:
Psychoanalytic Focus:
Deterministic:
Firstborn, Viennese family of three boys & five girls. His fa…
Theory of Personality Development, Philosophy of Human Nature…
Unconscious events that motivate behavior
Based on the first six years of life
Sigmund Freud
Firstborn, Viennese family of three boys & five girls. His fa…
Psychoanalytic Theory Consists of:
Theory of Personality Development, Philosophy of Human Nature…
13 terms
Counseling- Chapter 4
Psychoanalytic Therapy
Psychoanalytic Perspective: Personalit…
Id
Ego
-Most famous psychological model for abnormality.... -Psychoanal…
Id, Ego, Superego
-Part of personality present at birth and completely unconsci…
-Pat of personality that develops out of a need to deal with…
Psychoanalytic Therapy
-Most famous psychological model for abnormality.... -Psychoanal…
Psychoanalytic Perspective: Personalit…
Id, Ego, Superego
10 terms
Chapter 15 Counseling
Step 1 for integrating helping skills:…
Step 2 for integrating helping skills:…
Step 3 for integrating helping skills:…
Step 4 for integrating helping skills:…
*having a good bond between helper and client so that the cli…
*markers for challenging= confusion, contradictions and ambiv…
*most appropriate intention is to promote insight... *inappropri…
*overall, most important for the helper to be gentle, tentati…
Step 1 for integrating helping skills:…
*having a good bond between helper and client so that the cli…
Step 2 for integrating helping skills:…
*markers for challenging= confusion, contradictions and ambiv…
15 terms
counseling chapter 2
internal process for client... seq of ev…
its a roadmap for human behavior... high…
health beleif model... transtheortical s…
perceived susceptibility (may not thin…
counseling process
benefits of theoretical model
counseling and ed theories and models
health belief model
internal process for client... seq of ev…
counseling process
its a roadmap for human behavior... high…
benefits of theoretical model
5 terms
Counseling (Chapter 2)
_____, which relies mainly on the expe…
Which the following statement is false?
Items such as glibness or superficial…
Which axis of DSM-IV-TR includes psych…
Subjective classification
a. Correctional assessment is the same as correctional classi…
Psychopathy Checklist-Revised
AXIS I
_____, which relies mainly on the expe…
Subjective classification
Which the following statement is false?
a. Correctional assessment is the same as correctional classi…
31 terms
Chapter 16 Counseling
What are 2 important reasons for movin…
For some clients, why doesn't insight…
What is the major philosophical underp…
What is the role of the counselor in t…
1) most clients seek help to feel better or to change specifi…
-clients may feel stuck... -not understand the situation incompl…
that clients are the active agents of their own lives-they kn…
to serve as a coach, cheerleader, supporter, information give…
What are 2 important reasons for movin…
1) most clients seek help to feel better or to change specifi…
For some clients, why doesn't insight…
-clients may feel stuck... -not understand the situation incompl…
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