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Study sets matching "counseling research"

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Study sets matching "counseling research"

78 terms
Counseling Research
Scientist-Practitioner [SP] Model
Purpose of the SP Model
The Data-Based Problem-Solver Model [D…
Research
Combines both clinical and research training, leading to an i…
Utilizing data to determine the focus of treatment, design ap…
Empirically based literature is used to define problems, form…
A systematic investigation that involves collecting, analyzin…
Scientist-Practitioner [SP] Model
Combines both clinical and research training, leading to an i…
Purpose of the SP Model
Utilizing data to determine the focus of treatment, design ap…
9 terms
Counseling Research
Type I Error
Type II Error
T-test
Factorial experiment
Rejecting the null when it's true
Accepting the null when it's false
Determines whether two sample means are significantly different
Several experimental variables are investigated and interacti…
Type I Error
Rejecting the null when it's true
Type II Error
Accepting the null when it's false
73 terms
Counseling Research
Scientist-Practitioner (SP) Model
The SP Model Reminds counselors to ack…
The Data-Based Problem-Solver Model (D…
Research
Combines both clinical and research training, leading to an i…
Utilizing data to determine the focus of treatment, design ap…
Empirically based literature is used to define problems, form…
A systematic investigation that involves collecting, analyzin…
Scientist-Practitioner (SP) Model
Combines both clinical and research training, leading to an i…
The SP Model Reminds counselors to ack…
Utilizing data to determine the focus of treatment, design ap…
17 terms
Ethics in Counseling and Research
Assent
Certification
Code of Ethics
Confidentiality
A collection of simplified (layman's terms), documents that a…
Advanced training and expertise in a specific area that expan…
A general framework of rules and guidelines for decisions whe…
A term that emphasizes client privacy; based on keeping infor…
Assent
A collection of simplified (layman's terms), documents that a…
Certification
Advanced training and expertise in a specific area that expan…
60 terms
Research in Counseling Exam I
Scientific Method:
Five Ways of Knowing
Goal of Scientific Method
Functions of Scientific Research
Data based or empirical... -generate hypotheses based on data…
1. Method of tenacity- belief one firmly adheres to, is truth…
- Advance knowledge... - Make discoveries... - Acquire facts about…
- Designed to provide answers to pressing problems... - Help exp…
Scientific Method:
Data based or empirical... -generate hypotheses based on data…
Five Ways of Knowing
1. Method of tenacity- belief one firmly adheres to, is truth…
26 terms
Research in Counseling Chapter 8
Action Research
Practical Action Research
Participatory Action Research
Clinical Significance
Focus on obtaining info that will change conditions in a part…
Focuses on the application aspect of conducting a study in th…
(Collaborative) is similar in nature to the practical action…
Interested in what professional counselors can use in the sco…
Action Research
Focus on obtaining info that will change conditions in a part…
Practical Action Research
Focuses on the application aspect of conducting a study in th…
16 terms
Research in Counseling Chapter 10
No Child Left Behind Act
Accountability
ACSA National Model
Use of Time Analysis
(2001)
Central concern among today's counseling professionals, must…
Highlights three main categories of accountability data for p…
Tallies of actual services provided and numbers of stakeholde…
No Child Left Behind Act
(2001)
Accountability
Central concern among today's counseling professionals, must…
Research in Counseling Chapter 9
Data-driven needs assessment
Disaggregated data
using Disaggregated data relies on com…
norm-referenced score interpretation
deals with the real needs that are identified through analysi…
looking at test scores by specific subgroups of students. Hel…
norm-referenced and criterion-referenced
when percentiles indicate an individual's score as referenced…
Data-driven needs assessment
deals with the real needs that are identified through analysi…
Disaggregated data
looking at test scores by specific subgroups of students. Hel…
84 terms
Counseling Research Methods
basic research
applied research
evaluation research
behavioral research
conducted to understand psychological processes without regar…
done to find solutions to specific problems, used to understa…
a particular kind of applied research using behavioral resear…
describe, predict and explain behavior using descriptive, cor…
basic research
conducted to understand psychological processes without regar…
applied research
done to find solutions to specific problems, used to understa…
51 terms
Research in Counseling Ch 14
Population Issues
Sampling Theory
Population
Random Sampling-
• Processes involved in selecting participants & generalizing…
• Foundation for understanding the process and implications o…
Set of observations (scores)... o Characteristics of people... o Ch…
o Each observation (person or scores) in the population has a…
Population Issues
• Processes involved in selecting participants & generalizing…
Sampling Theory
• Foundation for understanding the process and implications o…
17 terms
Ethics in Psychotherapy, Counseling, and Research
Assent
Certification
Code of Ethics
Confidentiality
A collection of simplified (layman's terms), documents that a…
Advanced training and expertise in a specific area that expan…
A general framework of rules and guidelines for decisions whe…
A term that emphasizes client privacy; based on keeping infor…
Assent
A collection of simplified (layman's terms), documents that a…
Certification
Advanced training and expertise in a specific area that expan…
22 terms
Research Methods in Counseling
Reliability
Types of Validity
Validity
Mean
...
Face Validity... Content Validity... Criterion- Related Validity... Co…
...
...
Reliability
...
Types of Validity
Face Validity... Content Validity... Criterion- Related Validity... Co…
25 terms
Research in Counseling Ch 21
Program Evaluation Goal:
Program Evaluation Definition:
Stages of a Program
Conceptualization
• Evaluating the effectiveness of a particular program with a…
• Process for judging the worth of a program relative to othe…
• Conceptualization- develop the mission, visualization... • Des…
develop the mission, visualization
Program Evaluation Goal:
• Evaluating the effectiveness of a particular program with a…
Program Evaluation Definition:
• Process for judging the worth of a program relative to othe…
22 terms
Research in Counseling Ch 7
Experimental Between-Group Designs
R
X
O
Post-test only control group design... Pretest-Post test control…
Random Assignment
Treatment (IV)
Observation (DV)
Experimental Between-Group Designs
Post-test only control group design... Pretest-Post test control…
R
Random Assignment
67 terms
research methods in counseling
qualititative philosophy of research
constructivism
critical theory
quantitative philosophy of research
reality is constructed: constructivism, critical theory
no truth or reality, mental constructions differ
many subjective truths based on social forced
truth exists and is discoverable: positivism, post-positivism
qualititative philosophy of research
reality is constructed: constructivism, critical theory
constructivism
no truth or reality, mental constructions differ
67 terms
Research in Rehab Counseling
Purpose of Rehab Counseling Research
A good theory is...
Research Mistakes:
Construct
Build professional knowledge base... Keep up with advances, deve…
simple, has explanatory power, and has practical application
Anchoring (too much emphasis on info gained early in the proc…
concept which has no direct physical referent (intelligence,…
Purpose of Rehab Counseling Research
Build professional knowledge base... Keep up with advances, deve…
A good theory is...
simple, has explanatory power, and has practical application
154 terms
Encyclopedia of Counseling: Research 750
True Experiment
Quasi-experiment
Ex post facto study
Threats to internal validity in a study
-Used to discover cause and effect relationships... -Gather data…
-Use preexisting groups... -The IV cannot be altered... -Ex: gender…
-Type of quasi-experiment... -correlational study or research... -P…
-Maturation... -Mortality... -Instrumentation... -Statistical regression
True Experiment
-Used to discover cause and effect relationships... -Gather data…
Quasi-experiment
-Use preexisting groups... -The IV cannot be altered... -Ex: gender…
17 terms
Research in Counseling Ch 8
True Experimental Design
Reasons to use Quasi-Experimental Desi…
Quasi-Experimental Designs
Threats to Internal Validity of Quasi-…
these are very useful in terms of controlling and eliminating…
• Random Assignment may not be possible... • Provide preliminary…
• Manipulation of one or more IVs... • No random assignment... • No…
o Selection... o History... o Testing... o Regression... o Mortality
True Experimental Design
these are very useful in terms of controlling and eliminating…
Reasons to use Quasi-Experimental Desi…
• Random Assignment may not be possible... • Provide preliminary…
19 terms
Research in Counseling Ch 9
History of Single Subject Designs
Single Subject Designs
Intra-subject Research
Single Subject Design
• Sometimes called N = 1 designs... • Several participants, grou…
• (Definition) Systematic, repeated, and multiple observation…
within subject research
• Intrasubject... • Within-subject... • Identifiable variable... • Sys…
History of Single Subject Designs
• Sometimes called N = 1 designs... • Several participants, grou…
Single Subject Designs
• (Definition) Systematic, repeated, and multiple observation…
11 terms
Multicultural Counseling - Research Issues in Multicultural Counseling
Limitations of Research on Racial Mino…
Culturally Encapsulated Researchers
Overemphasis on Between Group Differen…
Recommendations for Conducting Multicu…
-Culturally encapsulated researchers... -Overemphasis on between…
-Assumes everyone shares a single measure of what constitutes…
-Insufficient attention to similarities... -Overemphasis can inc…
-Use culturally similar research aids... -Speak the language... -Kn…
Limitations of Research on Racial Mino…
-Culturally encapsulated researchers... -Overemphasis on between…
Culturally Encapsulated Researchers
-Assumes everyone shares a single measure of what constitutes…
15 terms
Counseling Psychology Research
Scientist-Practitioner Model
Empirical research
science
Experiemental analogue
scientist part means [3 levels]:... 1. at minimum, an 'ability t…
based on observation of real world phenonema
when our observations are systematic & controlled & based on…
one type of research study... -researcher controls IV usually th…
Scientist-Practitioner Model
scientist part means [3 levels]:... 1. at minimum, an 'ability t…
Empirical research
based on observation of real world phenonema
101 terms
Encylopedia of Counseling - Research
Experimental Research
Quasi-Experiment
Ex Post Facto Study
Internal Validity
1) Gathering data in order... to make evaluative comparisons reg…
1) Researcher uses preexisting groups, and hence the IV (inde…
type of quasi-experimental study; connoting a correlational s…
Refers to whether the DVs were truly influenced by the experi…
Experimental Research
1) Gathering data in order... to make evaluative comparisons reg…
Quasi-Experiment
1) Researcher uses preexisting groups, and hence the IV (inde…
52 terms
Research Methods in Counseling
Systematic, Between-Groups Variance
Non-systematic, Within-Groups Variance
What does the T-test evaluate
ANOVA rationale
differences between the groups' means as a result of the mani…
average variation (differences) within each group on the depe…
Does the difference between the means of two groups exceed wh…
Multiple group comparisons (t-tests) allegedly inflate the ty…
Systematic, Between-Groups Variance
differences between the groups' means as a result of the mani…
Non-systematic, Within-Groups Variance
average variation (differences) within each group on the depe…
100 terms
Encyclopedia of Counseling: Research and Program Evaluation
The most valuable type of research is
Experiments emphasize parsimony, which…
Occam's Razor suggests that experiment…
A counselor educator is running an exp…
the experiment, used to discover cause-and-effect relationshi…
interpreting the results in the simplest way.
interpret the results in the simplest manner.
is confounded/flawed.
The most valuable type of research is
the experiment, used to discover cause-and-effect relationshi…
Experiments emphasize parsimony, which…
interpreting the results in the simplest way.
10 terms
Research Methods in Counseling Psych
external validity
internal validity
what is reproducibility?
describe the "experimental analogue" t…
setting (generalizable to the real world)
degree of control of independent variable
the ability for an entire experiment or study to be duplicate…
- high internal, low external validity... - experimenter fas ful…
external validity
setting (generalizable to the real world)
internal validity
degree of control of independent variable
17 terms
Ethics in Psychotherapy, Counseling, and Research Review
Assent
Certification
Code of Ethics
Confidentiality
A collection of simplified (layman's terms), documents that a…
Advanced training and expertise in a specific area that expan…
A general framework of rules and guidelines for decisions whe…
A term that emphasizes client privacy; based on keeping infor…
Assent
A collection of simplified (layman's terms), documents that a…
Certification
Advanced training and expertise in a specific area that expan…
11 terms
Outcome Research in Counseling Chapter 4
outcome research
research-practice disconnect
clinical trial studies
qualitative analysis (literature revie…
the relationship among training, research and practice
myths that research doesn't provide anything relevant to the…
useful due to reliance on comparison groups, standardized tre…
most common; researchers examine and summarize robust trends…
outcome research
the relationship among training, research and practice
research-practice disconnect
myths that research doesn't provide anything relevant to the…
21 terms
Research in Counseling Ch 10-11
Survey Research- Basic Aim
Survey Research- Functions
Data Reduction Research Designs
Factor Analysis
document the nature or frequency of a particular variable
describe, explain, or explore phenomena
1. Factor Analysis... 2. Cluster Analysis
o Multivariate statistical methods used for data reduction an…
Survey Research- Basic Aim
document the nature or frequency of a particular variable
Survey Research- Functions
describe, explain, or explore phenomena
37 terms
Chapter 11: Research in Rehabilitation Counseling
Basic research
Applied research
Quantitative research
Qualitativie research
Concerned with theoretical issues.
Concerned with immediate practical implications, such as the…
What can we do to prove that we understand a phenomenon? (dem…
What is it that we do not understand? Collects data to unders…
Basic research
Concerned with theoretical issues.
Applied research
Concerned with immediate practical implications, such as the…
22 terms
Counselling research and assessment
Assessment
When using assessment counsellor needs…
2 categories of assessment
Standardised measures
Multifaceted and integrated process that combines a variety o…
Know the tests and how to perform them... Understand its limitat…
Standardised measures... Non standardised measures
Uniformity of administration to gather information ... Testing
Assessment
Multifaceted and integrated process that combines a variety o…
When using assessment counsellor needs…
Know the tests and how to perform them... Understand its limitat…
46 terms
Qualitative/Quantitative Research in Rehab Counseling
Quantitative
Quantitative Fundamental precepts
Intervention/Stimulus Studies
Experimental Designs
Purpose-for the numeric expression of information for summari…
sampling and population issues, validity and scientific contr…
to gauge the effects that interventions and stimuli have on i…
highest form of investigation, strongest claims of knowledge.…
Quantitative
Purpose-for the numeric expression of information for summari…
Quantitative Fundamental precepts
sampling and population issues, validity and scientific contr…
100 terms
Encyclopedia of Counseling: Research and Program Evaluation
The most valuable type of research is
Experiments emphasize parsimony, which…
Occam's Razor suggests that experiment…
A counselor educator is running an exp…
the experiment, used to discover cause-and-effect relationshi…
interpreting the results in the simplest way.
interpret the results in the simplest manner.
is confounded/flawed.
The most valuable type of research is
the experiment, used to discover cause-and-effect relationshi…
Experiments emphasize parsimony, which…
interpreting the results in the simplest way.
19 terms
Foundations of Counseling: Basics of History & Research
Counseling has evolved from which of t…
Historically, counseling roles were fi…
.Studying the historical foundations o…
Which of the following best represents…
e
a
b
e
Counseling has evolved from which of t…
e
Historically, counseling roles were fi…
a
67 terms
Research in Counseling: Quiz 2 Section 2
Population
Sample
Population of Interest
Types of Samples
group of individuals that all share a commonality ... Ex; patien…
Smaller set, taken from population... Ex: 344 ppl in Chicagoland…
Specific population a researcher intends to make generalizati…
Representative Sample & Biased Sample
Population
group of individuals that all share a commonality ... Ex; patien…
Sample
Smaller set, taken from population... Ex: 344 ppl in Chicagoland…
46 terms
Research and Program Evaluation-Encyclopedia of Counseling Review
Empirically Validated Treatment (EVT)…
correlation
0 correlation
+1 correlation... -1 correlation
integration of research into counseling practice
association
no correlation
perfect correlations
Empirically Validated Treatment (EVT)…
integration of research into counseling practice
correlation
association
6 terms
Counseling Psychology Research Part 2
internal validity
external validity
Does Psychotherapy actually works?
Which therapy is the best?
how well experiment is done, especially whether it avoids con…
extent to which results of study can be generalized to other…
-Eysenck--results found that positive effects are due to spon…
-lambert, Bergin: all therapies are pretty much the same, pos…
internal validity
how well experiment is done, especially whether it avoids con…
external validity
extent to which results of study can be generalized to other…
107 terms
Encyclopedia of Counseling: Research and Program Evaluation Ch 9
Standard Curve and Deviations are
The most valuable type of research is
Internal validity is
External validity is
the experiment, used to discover cause-and-effect relationshi…
when the dependent variables were influenced by the experiment.
when research results can be generalized to larger populations.
Standard Curve and Deviations are
The most valuable type of research is
the experiment, used to discover cause-and-effect relationshi…
55 terms
Chapter 7: Quantitative Research Design in Counseling
Internal validity
External validity
Population generalizability
Ecological generalizability
Refers to a researchers ability to determine whether a causal…
Generalizability. Can results be generalized or applied to a…
the degree to which the sample is representative of the popul…
Degree to which the result of the study can be applied to oth…
Internal validity
Refers to a researchers ability to determine whether a causal…
External validity
Generalizability. Can results be generalized or applied to a…
100 terms
Encyclopedia of Counseling: Research and Program Evaluation
The most valuable type of research is
Experiments emphasize parsimony, which…
Occam's Razor suggests that experiment…
A counselor educator is running an exp…
the experiment, used to discover cause-and-effect relationshi…
interpreting the results in the simplest way.
interpret the results in the simplest manner.
is confounded/flawed.
The most valuable type of research is
the experiment, used to discover cause-and-effect relationshi…
Experiments emphasize parsimony, which…
interpreting the results in the simplest way.
92 terms
COUN 529: Principles of Research & Program Evaluation in Counseling
What is research? (p. 5)
What is counseling research? (Class no…
Three hallmarks of scientific inquiry…
Two types of reasoning (p. 4)
Formal, systematic application of the scientific method to st…
formal, systematic application of the scientific method to st…
1. Objectivity: researchers, in mind and action, do not influ…
1. Inductive reasoning: developing generalizations based on o…
What is research? (p. 5)
Formal, systematic application of the scientific method to st…
What is counseling research? (Class no…
formal, systematic application of the scientific method to st…
54 terms
Week 11 & 12: Integration and Research Issues in Counselling
Psychotherapy integration
eclectic vs integrative - risk and goal
pathways to integration
technical integration
ntegration is combining concepts and techniques from various…
Eclectic: imply a random, non-systematic selection of techniq…
technical integration, theoretical integration, assimilative…
Selecting best techniques for the individual and the problem,…
Psychotherapy integration
ntegration is combining concepts and techniques from various…
eclectic vs integrative - risk and goal
Eclectic: imply a random, non-systematic selection of techniq…
Ch. 3 Ethics in Psychotherapy , Counseling, and Research
assent
certification
confidentiality
culturally sensitive counseling
When someone (a child) signs an information sheet geared to h…
given by an organization, not a government body. You become c…
The fundamental intent is to protect a client's right to priv…
the counselor is aware of, shows recognition or, demonstrates…
assent
When someone (a child) signs an information sheet geared to h…
certification
given by an organization, not a government body. You become c…
30 terms
Multicultural Counseling Final (Supervision, Research, and Assessment)
What are the four stages counseling pr…
Cultural Entrenchment
Cross-Cultural Awakening
Cultural Integrity
1. Cultural Entrenchment... 2. Cross-Cultural Awakening... 3. Cultu…
-Non-existent multicultural program... - Assumption is that ther…
- Adheres to many of the stage one characteristics.... -But also…
-Organization believes in the importance of multicultural tra…
What are the four stages counseling pr…
1. Cultural Entrenchment... 2. Cross-Cultural Awakening... 3. Cultu…
Cultural Entrenchment
-Non-existent multicultural program... - Assumption is that ther…
15 terms
Counseling Basics: Techniques, Research - Ch. 8
nonverbal techniques
nonverbal categories:
How can you improve your nonverbal com…
SOLER
- "Behavior not expressed through formal language"... As a couns…
- Paralanguage - how things are said rather than what is said…
Be aware of all of the forms of nonverbal communication we ju…
S- Face the client squarely; adopt a posture that indicates i…
nonverbal techniques
- "Behavior not expressed through formal language"... As a couns…
nonverbal categories:
- Paralanguage - how things are said rather than what is said…
39 terms
Research and Evaluation in Counseling - Planning for a Needs Assessment
A needs assessment fulfills 2 primary…
Two primary methods for assessing needs
Advisory committee
Selecting particularly influential par…
1. different subpopulations or stakeholder groups may have ve…
Data driven needs and perceptions-based needs
ordinarily constituted of representatives of the primary stak…
can help provide motivated, engaged advocates who are ready t…
A needs assessment fulfills 2 primary…
1. different subpopulations or stakeholder groups may have ve…
Two primary methods for assessing needs
Data driven needs and perceptions-based needs
37 terms
RD exam prep (Education, Counseling, Communication & Research)
Open-ended questions
Closed questions
Objectives
Behavior change
broad questions that give the client control, reveal the clie…
give the interviewer more control; yes/no response; don't sta…
measurable activities which facilitate achievement of a goal;…
Criterion for effectiveness of educational programs
Open-ended questions
broad questions that give the client control, reveal the clie…
Closed questions
give the interviewer more control; yes/no response; don't sta…
47 terms
3/17 Distance counseling and scholarly publication / research ethics
Distance Counseling
Types of Distance Counseling
Advantage of Distance Counseling
Disadvantage of Distance Counseling
Distance counseling is a counseling approach that takes the b…
Telecounseling (telephone)... Secure e-mail communication... Chat…
Maintenance of perceived anonymity -benefit for people in the…
Inaccurate diagnosis or ineffective treatment may be provided…
Distance Counseling
Distance counseling is a counseling approach that takes the b…
Types of Distance Counseling
Telecounseling (telephone)... Secure e-mail communication... Chat…
96 terms
College Counseling Terms to Know
NMSQT
rSAT
SAT Score Choice
Send All Scores
National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (aka PSAT) - You t…
AKA the SAT Reasoning test - this is one of two national exam…
When SAT scores are sent to colleges, the colleges see all sc…
Some highly selective colleges will require applicants to sen…
NMSQT
National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (aka PSAT) - You t…
rSAT
AKA the SAT Reasoning test - this is one of two national exam…
94 terms
Career Counseling
Frank Parsons is often referred to as
Most research in the area of career de…
Statistics reveal that on average, a w…
Trait-and-factor attempts to
"the father of vocational guidance."
a very high proportion of student in middle school and high s…
$ 10,000
match the worker and the work environment
Frank Parsons is often referred to as
"the father of vocational guidance."
Most research in the area of career de…
a very high proportion of student in middle school and high s…
40 terms
School Counseling Praxis (0420)
raw score
range
mean
mode
an unaltered score
highest score minus the lowest score
average
most frequently occurring value
raw score
an unaltered score
range
highest score minus the lowest score
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