How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "court gov supreme"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "court gov supreme"

22 terms
Government- Supreme Court
Article III
Article II
Article I
Judiciary Act of 1789
Which article established the judicial branch?
Which article established the executive branch?
Which article established the legislative branch?
helped create the Supreme Court. It organized the Supreme Cou…
Article III
Which article established the judicial branch?
Article II
Which article established the executive branch?
30 terms
Government Supreme Court Decisions
Marbury v Madison
McCulloch v Maryland
Gibbons v Ogden
Plessy v Ferguson
established judicial review as a power of the Supreme Court
States can't tax the federal government and national governme…
defined and expanded interstate commerce
Created the separate but equal doctrine
Marbury v Madison
established judicial review as a power of the Supreme Court
McCulloch v Maryland
States can't tax the federal government and national governme…
26 terms
Government--Unit 7 Supreme Court
Article III
Article II
Article I
Judiciary Act of 1789
Which article established the judicial branch?
Which article established the executive branch?
Which article established the legislative branch?
helped create the Supreme Court. It organized the Supreme Cou…
Article III
Which article established the judicial branch?
Article II
Which article established the executive branch?
37 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819)
Gibbons vs. Ogden (1824)
Dred Scott vs. Sandford (1857)
Case in which the supreme court first asserted th power of Ju…
Court ruled that congress did have authority to charter bank,…
Established a broad view of the commerce clause when a federa…
Justice Taney's opinion in this case stated that slave owners…
Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
Case in which the supreme court first asserted th power of Ju…
McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819)
Court ruled that congress did have authority to charter bank,…
32 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
Established judicial review (the right to judge the constitut…
Ruled that the state of New York could not grant a steamship…
The Court ruled that states did not have the power to tax the…
Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public sch…
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Established judicial review (the right to judge the constitut…
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Ruled that the state of New York could not grant a steamship…
8 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
McCulloch v Maryland
United States v Richard Nixion
Marbury v Madison
Gideon v Wainwright
interpreted the necessary and proper clause to allow for impl…
limiting the power of us president
established the doctrine of judicial review
everyone has the right to a lawyer
McCulloch v Maryland
interpreted the necessary and proper clause to allow for impl…
United States v Richard Nixion
limiting the power of us president
16 terms
Government, Supreme Court
Article 3, Section 1
Judiciary Act 1789
Federal District Courts
Jurisdiction
Judicial Power
Created Federal District Courts
94, Most trials begin and end. More than 600 Judges hear 300,…
Authority of court to hear and decide case
Article 3, Section 1
Judicial Power
Judiciary Act 1789
Created Federal District Courts
50 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Miranda v. Arizona... Situation/Context
Plaintiffs argument (Miranda)
Defendants argument (Arizona)
Courts decision
1966... Ernesto miranda was arrested for kidnaping and rape... Volu…
Stated his confession should be thrown out because he didn't…
Confession wasn't forced... He had the right to remain silent... No…
Miranda won for individual rights
Miranda v. Arizona... Situation/Context
1966... Ernesto miranda was arrested for kidnaping and rape... Volu…
Plaintiffs argument (Miranda)
Stated his confession should be thrown out because he didn't…
28 terms
Government - Supreme Court Cases (General)
Brandenberg v. Ohio (1969)
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire (1942)*
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
Speech can be prohibited if directed at inciting or producing…
Ends segregation in public schools/places. Overturned "separa…
"fighting words" are not protected speech under 1st Amendment…
Slaves are property; nullifies notion of popular sovereignty.
Brandenberg v. Ohio (1969)
Speech can be prohibited if directed at inciting or producing…
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
Ends segregation in public schools/places. Overturned "separa…
90 terms
Supreme Court Cases - AP Government
*Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
*McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
*Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
*Wickard v. Filburn (1942)
State may not act to void valid contracts.
Implied powers of Congress and supremacy of Congressional acts
Power of Congress to legislate over matters that affect intra…
Most expansive commerce Clause interpretation: aggregation of…
*Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
State may not act to void valid contracts.
*McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Implied powers of Congress and supremacy of Congressional acts
AP Government- The Supreme Court
Appellate juridiction
Senatorial courtesy
Writ of CERTIORARI
Rule of four
The authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court.
An unwritten tradition whereby the Senate will not confirm no…
An order by the Supreme Court direction a lower court to send…
The Supreme Court will hear a case if four justices agree to…
Appellate juridiction
The authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court.
Senatorial courtesy
An unwritten tradition whereby the Senate will not confirm no…
12 terms
Government Supreme Court cases
Marbury versus Madison
Plessy versus Ferguson
Brown versus the Topeka Board of Educa…
The university of California medical b…
Does the Supreme Court have the right to exercise judicial re…
Is the separate but equal doctrine lawful and consultation?
Is a separate but equal doctrine constitutional?
Affirmative action programs are constitutional
Marbury versus Madison
Does the Supreme Court have the right to exercise judicial re…
Plessy versus Ferguson
Is the separate but equal doctrine lawful and consultation?
70 terms
AP Government -- Supreme Court Cases
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
Muller v. Oregon (1908)
Roth v. US (1957)
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
denied that states needed to abide by the Bill or Rights (ove…
recognized a 10-hour work day for women workers on the ground…
obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment
broadly interpreted interstate commerce clause, encompassing…
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
denied that states needed to abide by the Bill or Rights (ove…
Muller v. Oregon (1908)
recognized a 10-hour work day for women workers on the ground…
18 terms
Government: Supreme Court Cases
Schenck vs USA
Gitlow vs New York
Chaplinsky vs New Hampshire
Brandenburg vs Ohio
Clear and Present Danger was established.
Threshold issue: does the First Amendment apply to the states…
Fighting words are NOT allowed.
Speech that is abstract advocacy of force or violence cannot…
Schenck vs USA
Clear and Present Danger was established.
Gitlow vs New York
Threshold issue: does the First Amendment apply to the states…
11 terms
Government Supreme Court cases
Established the power of judicial review
Confirmed the congress the power to ut…
Strengthened the power of the governme…
Free speech could be limited when it's…
Marbury vs Madison 1803
McCulloch vs Maryland
Gibbons vs Ogden 1824
Schenck vs United States
Established the power of judicial review
Marbury vs Madison 1803
Confirmed the congress the power to ut…
McCulloch vs Maryland
9 terms
Government Supreme Court justices
John Roberts
Sonya SotoMayor
Samuel Alito
Ruth Bader Ginsberg
Chief Justice moderate conservative and is appointed by Georg…
Appointed by Obama is Hispanic and liberal
Appointed by George W. Bush and is a conservative
All is justice appointed by Bill Clinton and is mostly liberal
John Roberts
Chief Justice moderate conservative and is appointed by Georg…
Sonya SotoMayor
Appointed by Obama is Hispanic and liberal
41 terms
Government: Supreme Court Test
Majority Opinion
Concurring Opinion
Plurality Opinion
Dissent
core decision of court, five justices or more must agree, pre…
written by a justice who agrees with the outcome of the case…
majority cannot agree, plurality opinion is the one with the…
submitted by justice who disagrees with the outcome of the case
Majority Opinion
core decision of court, five justices or more must agree, pre…
Concurring Opinion
written by a justice who agrees with the outcome of the case…
64 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v Madison (1803)
McCulloch v Maryland (1819)
United States v Lopez (1995)
United States v Morrison (2000)
judicial review
federal law trumps state law
gun free school zone act NOT covered by the commerce clause
violence against women act NOT covered by the commerce clause…
Marbury v Madison (1803)
judicial review
McCulloch v Maryland (1819)
federal law trumps state law
27 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Engel V. Vitale-1st Amendment Freedom…
Lemon V. Kurtzman- 1st Amendment Freed…
Wisconsin v. Yoder- 1st Amendment Free…
Schenck v, U.S.-1st Amendment Freedom…
School sanctioned prayer in school-violates Establishment Cla…
State aid to religious institutions A(schools/prison program)…
Amish students need not attend school after 8th grade because…
actions which cause a panic or bring about "substantive evils…
Engel V. Vitale-1st Amendment Freedom…
School sanctioned prayer in school-violates Establishment Cla…
Lemon V. Kurtzman- 1st Amendment Freed…
State aid to religious institutions A(schools/prison program)…
16 terms
Government supreme court cases
RAV v. St. Paul
Miller v. California
Stanley v. Georgia
Tinker v. DesMonies
SC ruled that you cant prohibit freedom of speech based on co…
Obscenity isn't protected by the constitution
The state may not view what people view in private
SC ruled that students symbolic speech is allowed so long as…
RAV v. St. Paul
SC ruled that you cant prohibit freedom of speech based on co…
Miller v. California
Obscenity isn't protected by the constitution
42 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Abingdon Township v Schempp
Barron v Baltimore
Buckley v Valeo
Baker v Carr
Reading of Bible in classes only for literary purposes, canno…
Bill of Rights is reserved to protect citizens against the ab…
PACs may exist and individual candidates may spend unlimited…
Redistricting must be set as "one person, one vote"
Abingdon Township v Schempp
Reading of Bible in classes only for literary purposes, canno…
Barron v Baltimore
Bill of Rights is reserved to protect citizens against the ab…
10 terms
Government (Supreme Court Cases)
Brown v Board
Engel v. Vitale
Gideon v. Wainwright
Lemon v. Kurzman
Overturned Plessy vs. Ferguson and said that separate but equ…
Supreme Court decision eliminating official mandatory prayer…
Supreme Court Case establishing the right to counsel in all c…
Supreme Court case establishing the formal rules (Lemon test)…
Brown v Board
Overturned Plessy vs. Ferguson and said that separate but equ…
Engel v. Vitale
Supreme Court decision eliminating official mandatory prayer…
22 terms
Government supreme court
Exclusive jurisdiction
Concurrent jurisdiction
Original jurisdiction
Plaintiff
authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
The power of a court to hear a case first, before any other c…
One who begins a lawsuit
Exclusive jurisdiction
authority of only federal courts to hear and decide cases
Concurrent jurisdiction
Authority for both state and federal courts to hear and decid…
31 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v Madison
Marbury v Madison
Schenck v US
Roe v Wade
President Adams appointed Justices at the end of his term, bu…
Portion of the Judiciary Act ruled unconstitutional
Urged men to resist the draft. Was arrested & convicted for v…
TX woman challenged TX law forbidding abortions. TX claimed r…
Marbury v Madison
President Adams appointed Justices at the end of his term, bu…
Marbury v Madison
Portion of the Judiciary Act ruled unconstitutional
39 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Mapp V. Ohio - 1961:
Gideon v. Wainwright - 1963:
Miranda V. Arizona - 1966:
Korematsu V. US-1944:
Is using evidence found outside a warrant for a legally obtai…
Does the sixth amendment extend to felons? Does everyone have…
Were Miranda's 5th and 6th amendment rights violated after be…
Were Korematsu's Fourteenth Amendment right to equal protecti…
Mapp V. Ohio - 1961:
Is using evidence found outside a warrant for a legally obtai…
Gideon v. Wainwright - 1963:
Does the sixth amendment extend to felons? Does everyone have…
9 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Palko v. Connecticut
Engel v. Vitale
Baker v. Carr
Abbington v. Schempp
The Fifth Amendment right to protection against double jeopar…
No state-sponsored prayer in school
No malapportionment for state legislatures
No Bible reading in school
Palko v. Connecticut
The Fifth Amendment right to protection against double jeopar…
Engel v. Vitale
No state-sponsored prayer in school
26 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
Established principal of judicial review (the court's power t…
Established that the federal government's power must be consi…
Interpreted Congress's right to regulate interest commerce to…
Effectively nullified the Missouri Compromise and declared sl…
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Established principal of judicial review (the court's power t…
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Established that the federal government's power must be consi…
11 terms
Government Supreme Court
writ of certiorari
brief
amicus curiae
per curiam opinion
an order from the Court to a lower court to send up the recor…
a written statement setting forth the legal arguments, releva…
"friend of the court", briefs that come from individuals, int…
a brief, unsigned statement of the court's decision
writ of certiorari
an order from the Court to a lower court to send up the recor…
brief
a written statement setting forth the legal arguments, releva…
35 terms
American government- Supreme Court
Jurisdiction
Original jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction
Exclusive jurisdiction
Authority of a court to hear a case
Power of the court to hear a case first, before any other court
Authority of a court to review decisions of inferior courts
Power of federal courts alone to hear federal cases
Jurisdiction
Authority of a court to hear a case
Original jurisdiction
Power of the court to hear a case first, before any other court
35 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Regents of the University of Californi…
Miller v. California
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Affirmative action systems are constitutional, a quota system…
Applying contemporary community standards to materials to dec…
1st amendment rights are not violated if school financed news…
The government's action must not have the primary effect of e…
Regents of the University of Californi…
Affirmative action systems are constitutional, a quota system…
Miller v. California
Applying contemporary community standards to materials to dec…
27 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
mcculloch vs maryland
gibbons vs ogden
marbury vs madison
baker vs carr
maryland tried to tax and sue government bank but it was foun…
license allowed one to operate steamboats to and from NY, and…
new secretary of state refused to accept new appointees to th…
wanted to change the way voting districts are delineated , he…
mcculloch vs maryland
maryland tried to tax and sue government bank but it was foun…
gibbons vs ogden
license allowed one to operate steamboats to and from NY, and…
33 terms
Government - Supreme Court Cases
Plessy vs Ferguson 1896
Webster vs Reproductive Health Service…
roe vs wade 1973
Engel vs vitale 1962
(meville fuller) Segregation legal if facilities are equal
(william rehnquist) states may place restrictions on abortion
(warren burger) a womans right to privacy encompasses her rig…
(earl warren) reading of prayers in public schools is unconst…
Plessy vs Ferguson 1896
(meville fuller) Segregation legal if facilities are equal
Webster vs Reproductive Health Service…
(william rehnquist) states may place restrictions on abortion
11 terms
Government (Supreme Court Review)
Presentment Clause
Elastic Clause
Commerce Clause
Constitutional Limits
Outlines legislature for bills to turn into laws.
Congress's ability to establish "necessary and proper" clause…
Congress authorised to regulate commerce (states, foreign nat…
Promises habeas corpus, no bills of attainder, and no ex post…
Presentment Clause
Outlines legislature for bills to turn into laws.
Elastic Clause
Congress's ability to establish "necessary and proper" clause…
20 terms
SB Government -- Supreme Court Justices
* G.W. Bush Appointed ... * Roman Catholi…
*Clinton Appointed... * Harvard Law... * Mod…
* Clinton Appointed ... * Columbia Law Sc…
* Barack Obama Appointed ... * Yale Law... *…
Justice Alito
Justice Breyer
Justice Ginsberg
Justice Sotomayer
* G.W. Bush Appointed ... * Roman Catholi…
Justice Alito
*Clinton Appointed... * Harvard Law... * Mod…
Justice Breyer
Government Famous Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v Madison (1803)
Miranda v Arizona (1965)
Roe v Wade (1973)
Tinker v Desmoines (1968)
established judicial review. John Adams appointed Marbury a p…
Prisoners must be advised of rights before being questioned b…
Women have the constitutional right to abortion during the 1s…
Students do not leave their rights at the school house door
Marbury v Madison (1803)
established judicial review. John Adams appointed Marbury a p…
Miranda v Arizona (1965)
Prisoners must be advised of rights before being questioned b…
36 terms
Government Supreme Court
Why is the Constitution referred to as…
Early Years of Supreme Court
Original vs. Appellate Jurisdiction
Important Article III sections simplif…
Adaptable to today's times
- Aricle III of Constitution establishes Supreme Court (not C…
- The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in a very small…
Sec. 1. Supreme Court consist of a chief justice and five ass…
Why is the Constitution referred to as…
Adaptable to today's times
Early Years of Supreme Court
- Aricle III of Constitution establishes Supreme Court (not C…
9 terms
Government terms: the Supreme Court
Appellate Jurisdiction
Senatorial Courtesy
Writ of Certiorari
Rule of Four
The authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court.
An unwritten tradition whereby the Senate will not confirm no…
An order by the Supreme Court directing a lower court to send…
The Supreme Court will hear a case if four justices agree to…
Appellate Jurisdiction
The authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court.
Senatorial Courtesy
An unwritten tradition whereby the Senate will not confirm no…
27 terms
Government Supreme Court
Concurrent jurisdiction
What court hears about tariffs?
"G.I. Supreme Court"
Senatorial courtesy
Federal and state courts both have jurisdiction.
Court of international trade
Court of appeals for armed forces
President submits name to senate before actually appointing
Concurrent jurisdiction
Federal and state courts both have jurisdiction.
What court hears about tariffs?
Court of international trade
11 terms
Supreme Court Government
brief
concurring opinion
conference
dissenting opinion
a concise statement of client's case written for the instruct…
a written opinion by one or more judges of a court which agre…
gathering of judges at which important judicial affairs are r…
opinion in a legal case written by one or more judges express…
brief
a concise statement of client's case written for the instruct…
concurring opinion
a written opinion by one or more judges of a court which agre…
20 terms
government supreme court essay
1789
1869
annual term begins
cases reviewed
supreme court came into existence with 6 justices
changed to 9 justices
1st Monday in October and adjourns in late June or early July
1/4,00 less then 1/2 of 1%
1789
supreme court came into existence with 6 justices
1869
changed to 9 justices
15 terms
Government Supreme Court cases
McCullouch v. Maryland
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Plessy v. Ferguson
Brown v. Board of education
Established national supremacy ; constitution and federal law…
Ruled African Americans not citizens, declares slaved propert…
Legal justification racial segregation, "separate but equal d…
Courts ruling separation of races- discrimination, separate b…
McCullouch v. Maryland
Established national supremacy ; constitution and federal law…
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Ruled African Americans not citizens, declares slaved propert…
35 terms
Government Supreme Court Quiz
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
litigants
issue
where the case was first held
when a case is handed up from a lower court
people involved in the case
The courts can't bring up an ________ on their own.
original jurisdiction
where the case was first held
appellate jurisdiction
when a case is handed up from a lower court
26 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Gideon v. Wainwright
Dred Scott Case
Marbury v. Madison
Cherokee Nation Cases
1960s. Gideon asked for a lawyer, but wasn't guaranteed the r…
Dred Scott was a slave taken to live in free states. Once fre…
John Adams named 42 new justices. Marshall was supposed to ma…
Native American rights taken away by the state, they went to…
Gideon v. Wainwright
1960s. Gideon asked for a lawyer, but wasn't guaranteed the r…
Dred Scott Case
Dred Scott was a slave taken to live in free states. Once fre…
26 terms
Government supreme court
Article one
Article two
article three
Criminal case
Legislative branch (congress)
executive branch (presidential)
judicial branch (courts)
Plaintiff / defendant - government v individual
Article one
Legislative branch (congress)
Article two
executive branch (presidential)
11 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Santa Fe Independent School District v…
Lynch v. Donnelly
Employment Division v. Smith
United States v. Eichman
Student-led prayer over the public address system before a hi…
A Christmas display in a park owned by a nonprofit does not v…
The State can deny unemployment benefits to persons fired fro…
Burning the United States flag is legal
Santa Fe Independent School District v…
Student-led prayer over the public address system before a hi…
Lynch v. Donnelly
A Christmas display in a park owned by a nonprofit does not v…
26 terms
Government--Unit 7 Supreme Court
Article III
Article II
Article I
Judiciary Act of 1789
Which article established the judicial branch?
Which article established the executive branch?
Which article established the legislative branch?
helped create the Supreme Court. It organized the Supreme Cou…
Article III
Which article established the judicial branch?
Article II
Which article established the executive branch?
51 terms
Government - Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison
McCullough v. Maryland
Gibbons v. Ogden
Schechter Poultry Inc. v. US
(1803) Power of judicial review--Established the court's powe…
(1819) Precedent for Congress exercising implied powers. Cong…
(1824) Precedent for broad or liberal interpretation of the c…
(1935) Court stuck down key provisions of the National Indust…
Marbury v. Madison
(1803) Power of judicial review--Established the court's powe…
McCullough v. Maryland
(1819) Precedent for Congress exercising implied powers. Cong…
13 terms
Government - Supreme Court Quiz
Chief Justice
Longest term currently
Hardly Ever Talks
9 Supreme Court Justices
John G. Roberts
Antonin Scalia
Clarence Thomas
Antonin Scalia, Anthony M. Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bad…
Chief Justice
John G. Roberts
Longest term currently
Antonin Scalia
29 terms
Government - Supreme Court Quiz
role of president
senatorial congress
nomination
review
appoints all federal judges, senate approves
president nominates someone recommended by the senators from…
president puts forth nominee to senate; considers party, phil…
vetting by senate judiciary committee; includes background ch…
role of president
appoints all federal judges, senate approves
senatorial congress
president nominates someone recommended by the senators from…
37 terms
Government test supreme court
you get your natural rights when you are
what makes natural rights natural?
natural rights are
constitution and bill of rights protec…
born
they are God-given
unalienable
the government
you get your natural rights when you are
born
what makes natural rights natural?
they are God-given
1 of 10