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Study sets matching "crime chapter 7"

12 terms
Chapter 7 crime DNA Fingerprinting
Allele
Chromosome
DNA Fingerprint
DNA Probe
An alternate form of a gene; for example, a gene for human ha…
A cell structure that contains genetic information along stra…
Pattern of DNA fragments obtained by examining a person's uni…
A molecule labeled with a radioactive isotope, dye, or enzyme…
Allele
An alternate form of a gene; for example, a gene for human ha…
Chromosome
A cell structure that contains genetic information along stra…
11 terms
Chapter 7 - Crime in America
crime
incarceration
community policing
substance abuse
an act or failure to act that violates a law and for which a…
imprisonment by the state
a strategy whereby the community works with local police to l…
the harmful overuse of chemicals, such as drugs or alcohol
crime
an act or failure to act that violates a law and for which a…
incarceration
imprisonment by the state
15 terms
crime chapter 7
jurisprudence
dual court system
article 3, section 2
11th amendment
body of written law used to settle disputes
federal and state
defines jurisdiction of courts
a provision that prohibits a citizen from one state to sue a…
jurisprudence
body of written law used to settle disputes
dual court system
federal and state
26 terms
Crime and Deviance-Chapter 7
internalization
informal sanction
formal sanction
negative sanction
the process by which a norm becomes a part of an individual's…
a spontaneous expression of approval or disapproval given by…
a reward or punishment that is given by some formal organizat…
a punishment or the threat of punishment used to enforce conf…
internalization
the process by which a norm becomes a part of an individual's…
informal sanction
a spontaneous expression of approval or disapproval given by…
26 terms
Chapter 7: Investigating Crime
Physical evidence
forensic science
arrest procedure
police log
Things you can see and touch that give clues about a crime or…
crime science
things police must say and do when they arrest someone
formal record that police write about their work
Physical evidence
Things you can see and touch that give clues about a crime or…
forensic science
crime science
32 terms
Crime & Punishment: Chapter 7
State Courts of Limited Jurisdiction
Courts of General Jurisdiction
Appellate Courts
Courts of Last Resort
-Also called municipal, county, district & metropolitan court…
-Called felony, superior, supreme, county & circuit courts.... -…
-Review the trial process of a defendant who believes procedu…
-State supreme court.... -Reviews issues of law and fact appeale…
State Courts of Limited Jurisdiction
-Also called municipal, county, district & metropolitan court…
Courts of General Jurisdiction
-Called felony, superior, supreme, county & circuit courts.... -…
29 terms
Youth Crime Chapter 7
Youth Crime and the Media
Media plays a significant role in soci…
- Cornerstone of youth justice-
Publication of the name is thought to…
...
youth crime is out of control ... youths are becoming increasing…
identity of youth should be protected
rehabilitation
Youth Crime and the Media
...
Media plays a significant role in soci…
youth crime is out of control ... youths are becoming increasing…
11 terms
Crime in America Chapter 7
Police foundation commissioned the fir…
police strategies
Kelling
Calls-for-service
...
Reduce crime and disorder
Broken windows theory would contribute greatly to changes in…
NonEmergency and 911 calls that citizens make to the police
Police foundation commissioned the fir…
...
police strategies
Reduce crime and disorder
16 terms
Academic Listening: Chapter 7: Crime and Criminals
broadly
imprisonment
robbery
classify
loosely, generally
time spent in prison (jail)
using force to steal
organize, categorize
broadly
loosely, generally
imprisonment
time spent in prison (jail)
33 terms
Chapter 7 Crime
social control
sanctions
conformity
obedience
techniques for preventing deviant human behavior
penalty or reward for doing a certain norm
go along with it
compliance with higher authorities
social control
techniques for preventing deviant human behavior
sanctions
penalty or reward for doing a certain norm
18 terms
Chapter 7: Crime
Civil law
Criminal law
Prosecution
Burden of Proof
1) Most of what we have considered so far has been civil law…
1) Prohibits and punishes conduct that threatens public safet…
Only the government can prosecute a crime
1) Civil - Preponderance of the evidence... 2) Criminal - Beyon…
Civil law
1) Most of what we have considered so far has been civil law…
Criminal law
1) Prohibits and punishes conduct that threatens public safet…
17 terms
Crime Chapter 7
Anomie
Aspirations
Concentric Zones
Differential Opportunities
...
Strong desires or longings. As used in extensions of Merton's…
The divisor of cities into geographical sectors radiating out…
Conditions or situations that are more or less favorable for…
Anomie
...
Aspirations
Strong desires or longings. As used in extensions of Merton's…
10 terms
Chapter 7- Crime
Crime
Incarceration
Community Policing
Gangs
Something one does or fails to do that is in violation of the…
Being in jail
Communities report any suspicious people to the police to red…
People who form groups that are dedicated to committing crimes
Crime
Something one does or fails to do that is in violation of the…
Incarceration
Being in jail
22 terms
Chapter 7: Crime
criminal procedure
criminal law
beyond a reasonable doubt
bench trial
the process by which criminals are investigated, accused, tri…
prohibits and punishes conduct that threatens public safety a…
the very high burden 0f proof in a criminal trial, demanding…
there is no jury; the judge reaches a verdict
criminal procedure
the process by which criminals are investigated, accused, tri…
criminal law
prohibits and punishes conduct that threatens public safety a…
30 terms
Chapter 7 Crime
Criminal procedure
Criminal law
Beyond a reasonable doubt
Bench trial
the process by which criminals are investigated, accused, tri…
prohibits and punishes conduct that threatens public safety a…
the very high burden of proof in a criminal trial, demanding…
there is no jury; the judge reaches a verdict
Criminal procedure
the process by which criminals are investigated, accused, tri…
Criminal law
prohibits and punishes conduct that threatens public safety a…
14 terms
Chapter 7 : Conformity, Deviance, and Crime
Norms
Social Norms
Deviance
Deviance subculture
Rules of conduct that specify appropriate behavior in a given…
Strongly influenced by division of power and class (between r…
Modes of actions that not conform to the norms or values held…
A subculture whose members hold values that differ substantia…
Norms
Rules of conduct that specify appropriate behavior in a given…
Social Norms
Strongly influenced by division of power and class (between r…
19 terms
Chapter 7 Terms - Juvenile Crime
Case Disposition
Case Processing
Child-Savers
Court Workload
The time it takes for a case to reach the juvenile court once…
The time is takes for juvenile court to decide a case once it…
Child advocates in the early twentieth century who were respo…
The number of cases petitioned to the juvenile court each year.
Case Disposition
The time it takes for a case to reach the juvenile court once…
Case Processing
The time is takes for juvenile court to decide a case once it…
8 terms
Street Law Chapter 7: Crime
Crime
Community Policing
Drunk Driving
Driving Under the Influence/Driving Wh…
An act or failure to act that violates a law and for which a…
A strategy whereby the community works actively with the loca…
The operation of a motor vehicle while intoxicated (overcome…
(DUI/DWI) Refers to a person's blood alcohol concentration (B…
Crime
An act or failure to act that violates a law and for which a…
Community Policing
A strategy whereby the community works actively with the loca…
84 terms
Sociology Chapter 7: Deviance and Crime
criminalisation
deviance
conformists
innovators
when a form of deviance is negatively sanctioned by the legal…
any action, belief, or human characteristic that members of a…
accept both, cultural goals and traditional means of achievin…
accept cultural goals, reject traditional means of achieving…
criminalisation
when a form of deviance is negatively sanctioned by the legal…
deviance
any action, belief, or human characteristic that members of a…
10 terms
Chapter 7 Crime Scene Reconstruction
Crime-Scene Reconstruction
Objectivity
Deductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
The method used to develop a likely sequence of events at a c…
A manner of professional detachment practiced by individuals…
The process of drawing a conclusion based upon known facts or…
The process of drawing a conclusion from premise one does not…
Crime-Scene Reconstruction
The method used to develop a likely sequence of events at a c…
Objectivity
A manner of professional detachment practiced by individuals…
49 terms
Chapter 7 Crime
criminal procedure
criminal law
prosecution
restitution
process by which criminals are accused, tried, and sentenced
prohibits and punishes conduct that threatens public safety a…
only the gov can prosecute a crime and punish by sending to p…
a court order that guilty defendant reimburse the victim for…
criminal procedure
process by which criminals are accused, tried, and sentenced
criminal law
prohibits and punishes conduct that threatens public safety a…
20 terms
Control Crime chapter 7
legislative bans
Bans result inn 2 problems
2 types of gun bans
gun control act of 1968
banning certain devices and substances that are thought to co…
1. not universally agreed on as constituting effective on con…
1. gun control act of 1968... 2. 1994 violent crime control act
banned the importation of cheap small, low caliber pistols kn…
legislative bans
banning certain devices and substances that are thought to co…
Bans result inn 2 problems
1. not universally agreed on as constituting effective on con…
57 terms
Chapter 7: Deviance & Crime
Deviance
Formal deviance
Informal deviance
Labeling theory
Behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules and n…
Behavior that breaks laws or official rules
Behavior that violated customary norms
A theory that interprets the responses of others as most sign…
Deviance
Behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules and n…
Formal deviance
Behavior that breaks laws or official rules
24 terms
ETLW Chapter 7- Crime
actus reus
mens rea
strict liability
felony
Wrongful behavior; guilty act
Wrongful state of mind; guilty mind
Actions that are specifically prohibited and do not require m…
Prison for more than a year
actus reus
Wrongful behavior; guilty act
mens rea
Wrongful state of mind; guilty mind
22 terms
Chapter 7 Deviance and Crime
Deviance
Crime
Juvenile delinquency
Social control
Any behavior or belief that violates social norms in the soci…
Behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fi…
A violation of law or the commission of a status offense by y…
Systematic practices that social groups develop in order to e…
Deviance
Any behavior or belief that violates social norms in the soci…
Crime
Behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fi…
26 terms
Chapter 7- Crime
Probable cause
Fraud
Guilty
Embezzlement
It is likely that evidence of crime will be found in the plac…
Deception for the purpose of obtaining money or property
A judge or jury's finding that a defendant has committed a cr…
The fraudulent conversion of property already in the defendan…
Probable cause
It is likely that evidence of crime will be found in the plac…
Fraud
Deception for the purpose of obtaining money or property
58 terms
Chapter 7 Vocabulary (Crime and Justice)
la acusación
el (la) acusado(a)
acusar
el asesino
accusation
the accused
to accuse
murder
la acusación
accusation
el (la) acusado(a)
the accused
24 terms
Chapter 7: Deviance and Crime
Deviance
Crime
Criminology
Juvenile Delinquency
any behavior, belief, or condition that violates significant…
behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fi…
the systematic study of crime and the criminal justice system…
a violation of law or the commission of a status offense by y…
Deviance
any behavior, belief, or condition that violates significant…
Crime
behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fi…
32 terms
Chapter 7: Deviance, crime
socially deviant
social group
normalize
statistically deviant
behavior that violates the written or unwritten rules of soci…
a collection of individuals formed around some kind of social…
to make or declare some action as normal or appropriate
behavior that is different or unusual, but not necessarily in…
socially deviant
behavior that violates the written or unwritten rules of soci…
social group
a collection of individuals formed around some kind of social…
crime victims Chapter 7
Prosecutors
Dismissing charges
Defense attorney's impact on victim
Sentencing disparity
District Attorney's (DA) Prosecutors are the chief law enforc…
a decision not to go forward or drop charges. Not further off…
both parties are on the opposite sides so they are really nat…
the substantial variation among judges in the severity of pun…
Prosecutors
District Attorney's (DA) Prosecutors are the chief law enforc…
Dismissing charges
a decision not to go forward or drop charges. Not further off…
30 terms
Chapter 7: Deviance and Crime
deviance
medicalization of deviance
anomie
anomic suicide
behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules and n…
attributes deviant behavior to a "sick" state of mind, where…
the condition that exists when social regulations in a societ…
occurs when the disintegrating forces in the society make ind…
deviance
behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules and n…
medicalization of deviance
attributes deviant behavior to a "sick" state of mind, where…
38 terms
Chapter 7 crime and deviance
deviance
social control
social order
Sanctioncs
-is a violation of established contextual, cultural, or socia…
• the regulation and enforcement of norms. ... • goal is to main…
an arrangement of practices and behaviors on which society's…
The means of enforcing rules
deviance
-is a violation of established contextual, cultural, or socia…
social control
• the regulation and enforcement of norms. ... • goal is to main…
23 terms
Chapter 7: Deviance and Crime
Deviance
Crime
Criminology
Social control
Any behavior, belief, or condition that violates cultural nor…
Behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fi…
The systematic study of crime and criminal justice system, in…
Systematic practices developed by social groups to encourage…
Deviance
Any behavior, belief, or condition that violates cultural nor…
Crime
Behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fi…
140 terms
Crime in America chapter 7
One of the most common approaches to c…
One of ban is our natuons experiment w…
We have also poured a staggering amoun…
Where there is demand there will be
Is for legislator to ban certain devices and substances that…
Certain guns and gun-related products.
Drugs
Supply
One of the most common approaches to c…
Is for legislator to ban certain devices and substances that…
One of ban is our natuons experiment w…
Certain guns and gun-related products.
25 terms
Chapter 7 - Deviance and Crime
corporate crime
crime
criminal justice system
criminology
illegal acts committed by corporate employees on behalf of th…
behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fi…
the local, state, and federal agencies that enforce laws, adj…
the systematic study of crime and the criminal justice system…
corporate crime
illegal acts committed by corporate employees on behalf of th…
crime
behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fi…
20 terms
Chapter 7 deviance and crime
Social control
Sanction
Obedience
Conformity
The techniques and strategies for preventing deviant human be…
A penalty or reward for conduct concerning a social norm.
Compliance with higher authorities in a hierarchical structure.
Going along with peers- individuals of our own status who hav…
Social control
The techniques and strategies for preventing deviant human be…
Sanction
A penalty or reward for conduct concerning a social norm.
22 terms
Chapter 7: Deviance and Crime
Conformity
Corporate crimes
Crime
Deviance
And Robert Mertons theory of structural strain, seeking cultu…
Illegal activities committed on behalf of a formal organizati…
A violation of a norm that has been entered into the law and…
Behavior that the members of a social group define as violati…
Conformity
And Robert Mertons theory of structural strain, seeking cultu…
Corporate crimes
Illegal activities committed on behalf of a formal organizati…
43 terms
Chapter 7 Deviance and Crime
Conformists
Constructionists Theories
Consumer Crime
Corporate Crime
People who accept both cultural goals and the traditional mea…
theories of deviance that seek a greater understanding of the…
Crimes related to consumption, including shoplifting and usin…
involves legal organizations that violate the law including s…
Conformists
People who accept both cultural goals and the traditional mea…
Constructionists Theories
theories of deviance that seek a greater understanding of the…
White collar crime chapter 7
Corporate fraud
Cooking the books
Self dealing
Load shift and get shorty
Activities undertaken by an individual or company that are do…
Augmenting financial data to yield previously non existent ea…
Conduct of a trustee, an attorney, a corporate officer, or ot…
Two fraudulent schemes...
Corporate fraud
Activities undertaken by an individual or company that are do…
Cooking the books
Augmenting financial data to yield previously non existent ea…
53 terms
Chapter 7: Deviance and Crime
Deviance
crime
The Relativity of deviance
positivists' view on delinquency
any behavior, belief, or condition that violates significant…
behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fi…
Norms are not the same across: place (cultures, groups or soc…
Deviance is absolutely real. Deviance is an observable object…
Deviance
any behavior, belief, or condition that violates significant…
crime
behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fi…
51 terms
Crime and Justice Chapter 7
Dual Court System
*U.S. S.C. is the highest court in the…
Function of Criminal Courts
Adjudication
Separate Fed and State Courts... Violation of Fed. Crime->Fed. C…
...
-Ensuring Fair Procedures... -Adjudication... -Imposing appropriate…
determining whether or not a defendant is guilty
Dual Court System
Separate Fed and State Courts... Violation of Fed. Crime->Fed. C…
*U.S. S.C. is the highest court in the…
...
78 terms
Chapter 7 deviance and crime
Deviance
Behavioral deviance
Sigma
Folkway
Any behavior, belief, or conditions that violates significant…
Based on a person's intentional or inadvertent actions.
Any physical or social attribute or sign that so devalues a p…
Relatively minor infraction
Deviance
Any behavior, belief, or conditions that violates significant…
Behavioral deviance
Based on a person's intentional or inadvertent actions.
28 terms
Chapter 7: Deviance and Crime
deviance
sanction
norms
laws
modes of action that do not conform to the morns or values he…
a mode of reward or punishment that reinforces socially expec…
rules of conduct that specify appropriate behavior in a given…
rules of behavior established by political authority and back…
deviance
modes of action that do not conform to the morns or values he…
sanction
a mode of reward or punishment that reinforces socially expec…
13 terms
Chapter 7: Deviance & Crime
Altruistic Suicide
Anomic Suicide
Anomie
Crime
occurs when there is excessive regulation of individuals by s…
occurs when the disintegrating forces in the society make ind…
The condition that exists when social regulations in a societ…
one form of deviance; specifically, behavior that violates cr…
Altruistic Suicide
occurs when there is excessive regulation of individuals by s…
Anomic Suicide
occurs when the disintegrating forces in the society make ind…
31 terms
Chapter 7: Deviance and Crime
Deviance
4 Identifying Factors of Deviant Behav…
Formal vs. Informal Deviance
Durkheim and Deviance
Behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules and n…
1. Sociologist see deviance in terms of group processes and j…
Formal: Behavior that breaks laws or official rules... Informal…
One reason acts of deviance are publicly punished is that the…
Deviance
Behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules and n…
4 Identifying Factors of Deviant Behav…
1. Sociologist see deviance in terms of group processes and j…
14 terms
Chapter 7- Deviance and Crime
altruistic suicide
anomic suicide
anomie
Crime
the type of suicide that can occur when there is excessive re…
the type of suicide occurring when there are disintegrating f…
the condition existing when social regulations (norms) in a s…
one from of deviance; specifically behavior that violates cri…
altruistic suicide
the type of suicide that can occur when there is excessive re…
anomic suicide
the type of suicide occurring when there are disintegrating f…
13 terms
chapter 7: crime in America
crime
causes of crime
how to lesson crime
incarceration
an act or failure to act that violates a law and for which a…
poverty, permissive courts, unemployment, lack of parental gu…
build safer communities with special attention to safe school…
imprisonment by the state
crime
an act or failure to act that violates a law and for which a…
causes of crime
poverty, permissive courts, unemployment, lack of parental gu…
28 terms
Crime and Justice Chapter 7
Searches and Seizures
Probable Cause
Exclusionary Rule
Fruit of the Poisoned Tree
The legal term, as found in the Fourth Amendment to the U.S.…
Reasonable grounds to believe the existence of facts warranti…
A rule under which any evidence that is obtained in violation…
Evidence that is acquired through the use of illegally obtain…
Searches and Seizures
The legal term, as found in the Fourth Amendment to the U.S.…
Probable Cause
Reasonable grounds to believe the existence of facts warranti…
64 terms
Chapter 7: Deviance and Crime
deviance
4 characteristics of deviance
2 types of deviance
formal deviance
behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules and n…
1. deviance emerges in a social context, not just the behavio…
formal and informal
behavior that breaks laws or official rules... imprisonment and…
deviance
behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules and n…
4 characteristics of deviance
1. deviance emerges in a social context, not just the behavio…
44 terms
Chapter 7: Deviance and Crime
Deviance
Social movements
Acquaintance rape
Medicalization of deviance
behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules and n…
networks of groups that organize to support or resist change…
date rape
referring to someone who commit's deviance as "sick"
Deviance
behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules and n…
Social movements
networks of groups that organize to support or resist change…
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