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Study sets matching "criminal justice chapter 6"

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Study sets matching "criminal justice chapter 6"

17 terms
criminal justice chapter 6
One Crime Fits All (Crime Control)
Crime Attack Strategies
Community Policing Strategy
Preventive Patrol
law enforcement reacts the same way at all times
police focus on specific types of suspicious people to preven…
based on the idea that the police can best do their jobs by h…
officers move by foot and in car to insure the safety of comm…
One Crime Fits All (Crime Control)
law enforcement reacts the same way at all times
Crime Attack Strategies
police focus on specific types of suspicious people to preven…
20 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 6
Beats
Broken windows model
Community-oriented policing (COP)
Displacement
designated police patrol areas
the role of the police as maintainers of community order and…
programs designed to bring police and the public closer toget…
an effect that occurs when criminals move from an area target…
Beats
designated police patrol areas
Broken windows model
the role of the police as maintainers of community order and…
30 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Crime prevention
CompStat
Quality-of-life offense
Response time
The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
A crime-analysis and police management process, built on crim…
A minor violation of the law (sometimes called a petty crime)…
A measure of the time that it takes for police officers to re…
Crime prevention
The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
CompStat
A crime-analysis and police management process, built on crim…
47 terms
Criminal Justice chapter 6
search and seizure concepts
search
reasonable expectation of privacy
plain view doctrine
fourth amendment prohibits from "unreasonable searches and se…
government officials' examination of and hunt for evidence on…
The objective standard developed by courts for determining wh…
Officers may examine and use as evidence, without a warrant,…
search and seizure concepts
fourth amendment prohibits from "unreasonable searches and se…
search
government officials' examination of and hunt for evidence on…
24 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Time-In-Rank System
Beats
Order Maintenance (peacekeeping)
Proactive Policing
before moving up in administrative latter, an officer must st…
designated police patrol areas, covered 24 hours a day.... -dete…
-maintaining order and authority without the need for formal…
-Aggressive law enforcement style in which officers take the…
Time-In-Rank System
before moving up in administrative latter, an officer must st…
Beats
designated police patrol areas, covered 24 hours a day.... -dete…
22 terms
Essentials of Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Double Marginality
Cynicism
Blue Curtain
Discretion
The social burden of African American police officers carry b…
The belief that most people's actions are motivated solely by…
The secretive, insulated police culture that isolates officer…
The use of personal decision making and choice in carrying ou…
Double Marginality
The social burden of African American police officers carry b…
Cynicism
The belief that most people's actions are motivated solely by…
19 terms
Chapter 6 Criminal Justice
Police working personality
Police corruption
Internal Affairs
Biological Weapon
all aspects of the traditional values and patterns of behavio…
The abuse of police authority for personal or organizational…
The branch of police organization tasked with investigation c…
a biological agent used to threaten human life ... example anthrax
Police working personality
all aspects of the traditional values and patterns of behavio…
Police corruption
The abuse of police authority for personal or organizational…
20 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Police subculture
Police corruption
Slippery slope
Internal affairs
A particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of…
The abuse of police authority for personal or organizational…
Even a small thank-you accepted by a member of the public can…
The branch of a police organization tasked with investigating…
Police subculture
A particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of…
Police corruption
The abuse of police authority for personal or organizational…
25 terms
Criminal Justice chapter 6
Preliminary investigation
Crime Scene
Criminal Investigation
Crime Scene Investigator
all of the activities undertaken by the police officer who ar…
the physical area in which the crime occurred
"The process of discovering, collecting, preparing, identifyi…
An expert trained in the use of forensics techniques, such as…
Preliminary investigation
all of the activities undertaken by the police officer who ar…
Crime Scene
the physical area in which the crime occurred
25 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
failure of proof scheme
affirmative defense of insanity (insan…
insanity
civil commitment
defendants raise a reasonable doubt that the prosecution has…
the legal excuse that defendants aren't responsible for their…
the legal term that refers to a mental disease or defect that…
a non criminal (civil) proceeding in which courts have the po…
failure of proof scheme
defendants raise a reasonable doubt that the prosecution has…
affirmative defense of insanity (insan…
the legal excuse that defendants aren't responsible for their…
26 terms
Chapter 6 - Criminal Justice
searches and seizures
probable cause
exclusionary rule
fruit of the poisoned tree
the legal term, as found in the Fourth Amendment to the U.S.…
reasonable grounds to believe the existence of facts warranti…
a rule under which any evidence that is obtained in violation…
evidence that is acquired through the use of illegally obtain…
searches and seizures
the legal term, as found in the Fourth Amendment to the U.S.…
probable cause
reasonable grounds to believe the existence of facts warranti…
41 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
police subculture
police working personality
police corruption
knapp commission
a particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of…
all aspects of the traditional values and patterns of behavio…
the abuse of police authority for personal or organizational…
a committee that investigated police corruption in nyc in the…
police subculture
a particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of…
police working personality
all aspects of the traditional values and patterns of behavio…
24 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Common Minimum for Requirements for Po…
Background Check of Police Applicants
Testing Police Applicants
Educational Requirement
Be a U.S. citizen, not have been convicted of a felony, have…
Would be remiss if they did not attempt to determine if polic…
Written exam, physical agility, strength and endurance, and p…
Education of police officers is one of the most dramatic diff…
Common Minimum for Requirements for Po…
Be a U.S. citizen, not have been convicted of a felony, have…
Background Check of Police Applicants
Would be remiss if they did not attempt to determine if polic…
30 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Crime Prevention
CompStat
Quality-of-Life Offense
Response Time
The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
A crime-analysis and police-management process, built on crim…
A minor violation of the law (sometimes called a petty crime)…
A measure of the time that it takes for police officers to re…
Crime Prevention
The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
CompStat
A crime-analysis and police-management process, built on crim…
13 terms
Criminal Justice - Chapter 6
Due Process
Probable Cause
Reasonable Suspicion
Stop and Frisk
established rules and principles designed to protect private…
a reasonable amount of suspicion, supported by circumstances…
an objective basis supported by specific facts for believing…
also known as a Terry stop or field stop, this allows a polic…
Due Process
established rules and principles designed to protect private…
Probable Cause
a reasonable amount of suspicion, supported by circumstances…
25 terms
Criminal Justice - Chapter 6
Chain of Command
Community Policing
CompStat
Crime Prevention
The unbroken line of authority that extends through all level…
"A collaborative effort between the police and the community…
A crime-analysis and police-management process, built on crim…
The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
Chain of Command
The unbroken line of authority that extends through all level…
Community Policing
"A collaborative effort between the police and the community…
62 terms
Chapter 6 Criminal Justice
Set a of legal procedures used in comm…
Trial
Umpire, does not question witnesses or…
rights to an attorney, rights to remai…
Adversarial System of Criminal Procedures -
Adjudication:
In Adversarial System, the judge acts as a
What are the rights given to accused?
Set a of legal procedures used in comm…
Adversarial System of Criminal Procedures -
Trial
Adjudication:
Criminal Justice 101 Chapter 6
4th Amendment
5th Amendment
Exclusionary rule
Fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine
Prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures... The re…
Suspects need protection from coercion... The use of physical fo…
Prohibits the use of illegally obtained evidence in court... Any…
Evidence obtained through illegally obtained evidence is also…
4th Amendment
Prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures... The re…
5th Amendment
Suspects need protection from coercion... The use of physical fo…
15 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Comp Stat
Legalistic
Information sharing
True
A crime-analysis and police-management process built on crime…
The _______ style of policing enforces the letter of the law
FIGs, LEO, and NLETS are all _____________ resources.
Emphasis on non-emergency services is not an element of commu…
Comp Stat
A crime-analysis and police-management process built on crime…
Legalistic
The _______ style of policing enforces the letter of the law
30 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Crime Prevention
CompStat
Quality Of Life Offense
Response Time
Anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk and…
Crime-Analysis and police management process, based on crime…
Minor violation in the law (petty crime) that demoralizes com…
Measure of the time it takes for police officers to respond t…
Crime Prevention
Anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk and…
CompStat
Crime-Analysis and police management process, based on crime…
8 terms
chapter 6 criminal Justice
Litigators
List 5 reasons you will need an attorney
Bar Associations
Retainer
a trial attorney; a barrister.
1. buying or selling a home or other real estate; 2. organizi…
an organization that licenses lawyers.
a down payment by which a client hires an attorney to act in…
Litigators
a trial attorney; a barrister.
List 5 reasons you will need an attorney
1. buying or selling a home or other real estate; 2. organizi…
14 terms
Criminal justice chapter 6
The top administrator of the police de…
For police officers to advance in rank…
Involves peacekeeping and maintaining…
A police department policy emphasizing…
Police chief
Time in rank system
Order maintenance
Proactive policing
The top administrator of the police de…
Police chief
For police officers to advance in rank…
Time in rank system
19 terms
Chapter 6 Criminal Justice
Non-serious or victimless crimes include
the rate of victimization compared to…
Most hate crimes are based on what
3 most important police functions are
Prostitution
The high rate of unreported crimes
On religious hostility
- enforcing laws... - keeping the peace... - furnishing service
Non-serious or victimless crimes include
Prostitution
the rate of victimization compared to…
The high rate of unreported crimes
22 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Double Marginality
Cynicism
Blue Curtain
Discretion
The social burden African American police officers carry by v…
The belief that most people's actions are motivated solely by…
The secretive, insulated police culture that isolates officer…
The use of personal decision making and choice in carrying ou…
Double Marginality
The social burden African American police officers carry by v…
Cynicism
The belief that most people's actions are motivated solely by…
Chapter 6, Criminal Justice Today
Basic Purposes of Policing in democrat…
Police agencies are the primary enforc…
crime prevention
CompStat
1. enforce and support the laws... 2. investigate crimes and app…
Federal, state and local criminal laws.
the anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
A crime analysis and police management process built on crime…
Basic Purposes of Policing in democrat…
1. enforce and support the laws... 2. investigate crimes and app…
Police agencies are the primary enforc…
Federal, state and local criminal laws.
27 terms
Chapter 6 Criminal Justice
jurisprudence
dual court system
Article 3, Section 2
tort
body of written law
a court system made up of both federal and state courts
says that we have dual court system
a wrong act
jurisprudence
body of written law
dual court system
a court system made up of both federal and state courts
11 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Police Subculture
Hot spot
Police Stress
Police use of force
Group with shared values, symbols and beliefs that affect the…
A location that generates a high number of calls for police r…
1.Dangerous... 2.Risk of infection... 3.Fatigue... 4.Nature of Job
use of physical restraint with an individual
Police Subculture
Group with shared values, symbols and beliefs that affect the…
Hot spot
A location that generates a high number of calls for police r…
16 terms
Criminal Justice- Chapter 6
Affidavit
Arrest
Consent/Consent Searches
Custodial Interrogation
A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath or affirma…
To deprive the liberty of a person suspected criminal activity.
Searches by police that are made after the subject of the sea…
The questioning of a suspect after that person has been taken…
Affidavit
A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath or affirma…
Arrest
To deprive the liberty of a person suspected criminal activity.
30 terms
Criminal Justice-Chapter 6
Crime Prevention
CompStat
quality-of-life offense
Response time
The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
A crime-analysis and police management process, built on crim…
A minor violation of the law that demoralizes community resid…
A measure of the time that it takes for police officers to re…
Crime Prevention
The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
CompStat
A crime-analysis and police management process, built on crim…
16 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
What is double marginality?
What came from Tennessee v. Garner? (1…
How do police curb violence?
Why does being a police man cause stre…
the social burden that African American police officers carry…
Illegal search and seizure
1. Specialized training programs (anger management)... 2. Proact…
1. Constant vigilance (on duty 24/7)... 2. Difficult to leave th…
What is double marginality?
the social burden that African American police officers carry…
What came from Tennessee v. Garner? (1…
Illegal search and seizure
15 terms
Chapter 6 - Criminal Justice Terms
Double Marginality
Alice Stebbins Wells
Blue Curtain
Cynicism
Social burden carried by minority police officers
America's first woman police officer, L.A., 1910
Police culture that isolates officers from the rest of society
A police personality trait described as dogmatic and suspicio…
Double Marginality
Social burden carried by minority police officers
Alice Stebbins Wells
America's first woman police officer, L.A., 1910
21 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6 Vocabulary
racial profiling
police stress
Cynicism
anomie
alleged practice whereby police stop and search minorities fo…
emotional pressure that is produced by the nature of police w…
a belief that human conduct is motivated entirely by self int…
a "normlessness" or lack of attachment felt by some people to…
racial profiling
alleged practice whereby police stop and search minorities fo…
police stress
emotional pressure that is produced by the nature of police w…
20 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Time-In-Rank System
Beats
Order Maintenance (Peacekeeping)
Proactive Policing
The promotion system in which a police officer can advance in…
Designated police patrol areas
Maintaining order and authority without the need for formal a…
An aggressive law enforcement style in which patrol officers…
Time-In-Rank System
The promotion system in which a police officer can advance in…
Beats
Designated police patrol areas
25 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6 Vocab
chain of command
community policing
CompStat
crime prevention
the order of authority within a organization.
police working closely with community residents, to help redu…
Crime mapping. Planers that predict when and where crimes wil…
attempts to eliminate crime before it occurs
chain of command
the order of authority within a organization.
community policing
police working closely with community residents, to help redu…
19 terms
Criminal Justice - Chapter 6 (and some 5)
compelling interest
suspicionless search
informant info can establish probable…
interrogation
provides basis for suspicionless searches when public safety…
search w/o warrant or suspicion; only allowed when overriding…
1. source of informant's info is made clear... 2. police officer…
info-gathering activity of police officers involving direct q…
compelling interest
provides basis for suspicionless searches when public safety…
suspicionless search
search w/o warrant or suspicion; only allowed when overriding…
35 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6 vocabulary
Arrest
Bivens actions
Carroll doctrine
Citizen input model
restricting the freedom of persons by taking them into police…
civil suits against federal law enforcement agents for denial…
terms defining the admissibility of evidence obtained in a wa…
moderate oversight of police by non sworn personnel who inves…
Arrest
restricting the freedom of persons by taking them into police…
Bivens actions
civil suits against federal law enforcement agents for denial…
48 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Role
Role expectation
Role conflict
Operational styles
The rights and responsibilities associated with a particular…
The behavior and actions that people expect from a person in…
The psychological stress and frustration that result from try…
The different overall approaches to the police job.
Role
The rights and responsibilities associated with a particular…
Role expectation
The behavior and actions that people expect from a person in…
19 terms
Criminal Justice: Chapter 6
time-in-rank system
beats
order maintenance (peacekeeping)
proactive policing
the promotion system in which a police officer can advance in…
designated police patrol areas
maintaining order and authority without the need for formal a…
an aggressive law enforcement style in which patrol officers…
time-in-rank system
the promotion system in which a police officer can advance in…
beats
designated police patrol areas
23 terms
Chapter 6 Criminal Justice
Crime prevention
CompStat
Quality of life offense
Response time
A proactive approach to the pronlem of a crime
A crime analysis and police management process
Minor violation of law that demoralizes community people
Time it takes for officers to respond to calls
Crime prevention
A proactive approach to the pronlem of a crime
CompStat
A crime analysis and police management process
27 terms
Chapter 6 Criminal Justice
jurisprudence
dual court system
Article 3, Section 2
Tort
written body of laws in the legal system
the seperate federal and state court systems
defines the dual court system
wrongful civil act, a violation of a right
jurisprudence
written body of laws in the legal system
dual court system
the seperate federal and state court systems
27 terms
Chapter 6 Criminal Justice
jurisprudence
dual court system
Article 3, Section 2
Tort
the legal system
the seperate federal and state court systems
defines the dual court system
a civil wrong ,a violation of a right
jurisprudence
the legal system
dual court system
the seperate federal and state court systems
20 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Police Subculture
Police Working Personality
Police Corruption
Knapp Commission
A particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of…
All aspects of the traditional values and patterns of behavio…
The abuse of police authority for personal or organizational…
A committee that investigated police corruption in NYC in the…
Police Subculture
A particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of…
Police Working Personality
All aspects of the traditional values and patterns of behavio…
21 terms
criminal justice chapter 6
police subculture
police working personality
police corruption
Knapp commission
a particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of…
all aspects of the traditional values and patterns of behavio…
the abuse of police authority for personal or organizational…
a committee that investigated the police corruption in NYC in…
police subculture
a particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of…
police working personality
all aspects of the traditional values and patterns of behavio…
21 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Law Enforement Code of Ethnics
Standard Operating Procedures Manual
Citizen Complaint Board
Internal Affairs Unit or Office of Int…
professional standards of behavior to which law enforcement o…
A manual that describes the policies that regulate behavior a…
A citizen review board that hears alleged complaints of polic…
Conducts investigations of criminal, abuse, or unprofessional…
Law Enforement Code of Ethnics
professional standards of behavior to which law enforcement o…
Standard Operating Procedures Manual
A manual that describes the policies that regulate behavior a…
80 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Bureaucracy
Delegation of Authority
Detective
Confidential Informant (CI)
A hierarchically structured administrative organization that…
The principles of command on which most police departments ar…
The primary police investigator of crimes
A human source for police who provides information concerning…
Bureaucracy
A hierarchically structured administrative organization that…
Delegation of Authority
The principles of command on which most police departments ar…
27 terms
criminal justice chapter 6
Bill Of Rights
Landmark Case
illegally seized evidence
Exclusionary rule
The popular name given to the first 10 amendments to the U.S…
A precedent - setting court decision that produces substantia…
Evidence seized without regard to the principles of due proce…
The understanding based on U.S Supreme Court precedent, that…
Bill Of Rights
The popular name given to the first 10 amendments to the U.S…
Landmark Case
A precedent - setting court decision that produces substantia…
12 terms
criminal justice chapter 6
differential response
"broken windows theory"
problem oriented policing
reactive
a patrol strategy that prioritizes calls for service and then…
theory about the increases in fear of crime within neighborho…
an approach to policing which offers routinely seek to analyz…
acting in response, such as police activity in response to a…
differential response
a patrol strategy that prioritizes calls for service and then…
"broken windows theory"
theory about the increases in fear of crime within neighborho…
24 terms
Criminal Justice: Chapter 6
Police Cynicism
Police Personality Aspects
Three Styles of Policing
3 Forms of Police Corruption
Is thought to influence community relations, the decision to…
1. Danger... 2. Isolation... 3. Authority
1. Watchmen Style... 2. Legalistic Style... 3. Service Style
1. Nonfeasance... 2. Misfeasance... 3. Malfeasance
Police Cynicism
Is thought to influence community relations, the decision to…
Police Personality Aspects
1. Danger... 2. Isolation... 3. Authority
77 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Abandoned Property
Actual-Seizure Stop
Airport Search
Arrest
That property which has been discarded and the owner has no i…
police physically restrain a person and restrict their freedom
Due to the danger of airplane hijacking, searches of all pass…
Action when a person is deprived of his or her freedom.
Abandoned Property
That property which has been discarded and the owner has no i…
Actual-Seizure Stop
police physically restrain a person and restrict their freedom
29 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
police decision making
watchman style
legalistic style
service stop
-rights of offenders... -opinions of citizens... -demands of superv…
-order maintenance and law enforcement... -discretion ... -works th…
-enforcing law by writing more tickets, more arrests... -little…
-both legalistic and watchman... -discretion by up for review... -o…
police decision making
-rights of offenders... -opinions of citizens... -demands of superv…
watchman style
-order maintenance and law enforcement... -discretion ... -works th…
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