Study sets matching "criminal justice chapter 6"

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Study sets matching "criminal justice chapter 6"

17 terms
criminal justice chapter 6
One Crime Fits All (Crime Control)
Crime Attack Strategies
Community Policing Strategy
Preventive Patrol
law enforcement reacts the same way at all times
police focus on specific types of suspicious people to preven…
based on the idea that the police can best do their jobs by h…
officers move by foot and in car to insure the safety of comm…
One Crime Fits All (Crime Control)
law enforcement reacts the same way at all times
Crime Attack Strategies
police focus on specific types of suspicious people to preven…
Criminal Justice chapter 6
search and seizure concepts
search
reasonable expectation of privacy
plain view doctrine
fourth amendment prohibits from "unreasonable searches and se…
government officials' examination of and hunt for evidence on…
The objective standard developed by courts for determining wh…
Officers may examine and use as evidence, without a warrant,…
search and seizure concepts
fourth amendment prohibits from "unreasonable searches and se…
search
government officials' examination of and hunt for evidence on…
30 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Crime prevention
CompStat
Quality-of-life offense
Response time
The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
A crime-analysis and police management process, built on crim…
A minor violation of the law (sometimes called a petty crime)…
A measure of the time that it takes for police officers to re…
Crime prevention
The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
CompStat
A crime-analysis and police management process, built on crim…
20 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 6
Beats
Broken windows model
Community-oriented policing (COP)
Displacement
designated police patrol areas
the role of the police as maintainers of community order and…
programs designed to bring police and the public closer toget…
an effect that occurs when criminals move from an area target…
Beats
designated police patrol areas
Broken windows model
the role of the police as maintainers of community order and…
22 terms
Essentials of Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Double Marginality
Cynicism
Blue Curtain
Discretion
The social burden of African American police officers carry b…
The belief that most people's actions are motivated solely by…
The secretive, insulated police culture that isolates officer…
The use of personal decision making and choice in carrying ou…
Double Marginality
The social burden of African American police officers carry b…
Cynicism
The belief that most people's actions are motivated solely by…
30 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Crime Prevention
CompStat
Quality-of-Life Offense
Response Time
The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
A crime-analysis and police-management process, built on crim…
A minor violation of the law (sometimes called a petty crime)…
A measure of the time that it takes for police officers to re…
Crime Prevention
The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
CompStat
A crime-analysis and police-management process, built on crim…
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
failure of proof scheme
affirmative defense of insanity (insan…
insanity
civil commitment
defendants raise a reasonable doubt that the prosecution has…
the legal excuse that defendants aren't responsible for their…
the legal term that refers to a mental disease or defect that…
a non criminal (civil) proceeding in which courts have the po…
failure of proof scheme
defendants raise a reasonable doubt that the prosecution has…
affirmative defense of insanity (insan…
the legal excuse that defendants aren't responsible for their…
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Enforcing the Law
Apprehending Offenders
Preventing Crime
Preserving the Peace
Police are expected to support the law they promote, and law…
Offenders may be apprehended while committing a crime, shortl…
Crime prevention is proactive, and relies on crime prediction
Law enforcers try to help ensure domestic peace and tranquility
Enforcing the Law
Police are expected to support the law they promote, and law…
Apprehending Offenders
Offenders may be apprehended while committing a crime, shortl…
Chapter 6 Criminal Justice
Set a of legal procedures used in comm…
Trial
Umpire, does not question witnesses or…
rights to an attorney, rights to remai…
Adversarial System of Criminal Procedures -
Adjudication:
In Adversarial System, the judge acts as a
What are the rights given to accused?
Set a of legal procedures used in comm…
Adversarial System of Criminal Procedures -
Trial
Adjudication:
Chapter 6 - Criminal Justice
searches and seizures
probable cause
exclusionary rule
fruit of the poisoned tree
the legal term, as found in the Fourth Amendment to the U.S.…
reasonable grounds to believe the existence of facts warranti…
a rule under which any evidence that is obtained in violation…
evidence that is acquired through the use of illegally obtain…
searches and seizures
the legal term, as found in the Fourth Amendment to the U.S.…
probable cause
reasonable grounds to believe the existence of facts warranti…
41 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
police subculture
police working personality
police corruption
knapp commission
a particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of…
all aspects of the traditional values and patterns of behavio…
the abuse of police authority for personal or organizational…
a committee that investigated police corruption in nyc in the…
police subculture
a particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of…
police working personality
all aspects of the traditional values and patterns of behavio…
24 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Common Minimum for Requirements for Po…
Background Check of Police Applicants
Testing Police Applicants
Educational Requirement
Be a U.S. citizen, not have been convicted of a felony, have…
Would be remiss if they did not attempt to determine if polic…
Written exam, physical agility, strength and endurance, and p…
Education of police officers is one of the most dramatic diff…
Common Minimum for Requirements for Po…
Be a U.S. citizen, not have been convicted of a felony, have…
Background Check of Police Applicants
Would be remiss if they did not attempt to determine if polic…
13 terms
Criminal Justice - Chapter 6
Due Process
Probable Cause
Reasonable Suspicion
Stop and Frisk
established rules and principles designed to protect private…
a reasonable amount of suspicion, supported by circumstances…
an objective basis supported by specific facts for believing…
also known as a Terry stop or field stop, this allows a polic…
Due Process
established rules and principles designed to protect private…
Probable Cause
a reasonable amount of suspicion, supported by circumstances…
Criminal Justice - Chapter 6
Chain of Command
Community Policing
CompStat
Crime Prevention
The unbroken line of authority that extends through all level…
"A collaborative effort between the police and the community…
A crime-analysis and police-management process, built on crim…
The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
Chain of Command
The unbroken line of authority that extends through all level…
Community Policing
"A collaborative effort between the police and the community…
30 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Crime Prevention
CompStat
Quality Of Life Offense
Response Time
Anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk and…
Crime-Analysis and police management process, based on crime…
Minor violation in the law (petty crime) that demoralizes com…
Measure of the time it takes for police officers to respond t…
Crime Prevention
Anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk and…
CompStat
Crime-Analysis and police management process, based on crime…
11 terms
Criminal Justice--Chapter 6
Case Law
4th Amendment
Plain View Doctrine
Seizure
Sets boundaries with which state (police) must operate in cri…
Amendment protecting against unreasonable search and seizure
An exception to the warrant requirement which allows officers…
Could be property or persons; taking of property--generally g…
Case Law
Sets boundaries with which state (police) must operate in cri…
4th Amendment
Amendment protecting against unreasonable search and seizure
19 terms
Chapter 6 Criminal Justice
Non-serious or victimless crimes include
the rate of victimization compared to…
Most hate crimes are based on what
3 most important police functions are
Prostitution
The high rate of unreported crimes
On religious hostility
- enforcing laws... - keeping the peace... - furnishing service
Non-serious or victimless crimes include
Prostitution
the rate of victimization compared to…
The high rate of unreported crimes
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Double Marginality
Cynicism
Blue Curtain
Discretion
The social burden African American police officers carry by v…
The belief that most people's actions are motivated solely by…
The secretive, insulated police culture that isolates officer…
The use of personal decision making and choice in carrying ou…
Double Marginality
The social burden African American police officers carry by v…
Cynicism
The belief that most people's actions are motivated solely by…
33 terms
Criminal justice Chapter 6
What is acquired through extensive edu…
What are some common skills of police?
Name 6 concerns facing police.
What is the name for police that engag…
Speciliazed knowledge
driving, writing, interviewing, human relations, knowing law
corruption, use of deadly force, racial profiling, on the job…
Grass eaters
What is acquired through extensive edu…
Speciliazed knowledge
What are some common skills of police?
driving, writing, interviewing, human relations, knowing law
27 terms
Chapter 6 Criminal Justice
jurisprudence
dual court system
Article 3, Section 2
tort
body of written law
a court system made up of both federal and state courts
says that we have dual court system
a wrong act
jurisprudence
body of written law
dual court system
a court system made up of both federal and state courts
Chapter 6, Criminal Justice Today
Basic Purposes of Policing in democrat…
Police agencies are the primary enforc…
crime prevention
CompStat
1. enforce and support the laws... 2. investigate crimes and app…
Federal, state and local criminal laws.
the anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
A crime analysis and police management process built on crime…
Basic Purposes of Policing in democrat…
1. enforce and support the laws... 2. investigate crimes and app…
Police agencies are the primary enforc…
Federal, state and local criminal laws.
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Police Subculture
Hot spot
Police Stress
Police use of force
Group with shared values, symbols and beliefs that affect the…
A location that generates a high number of calls for police r…
1.Dangerous... 2.Risk of infection... 3.Fatigue... 4.Nature of Job
use of physical restraint with an individual
Police Subculture
Group with shared values, symbols and beliefs that affect the…
Hot spot
A location that generates a high number of calls for police r…
16 terms
Criminal Justice- Chapter 6
Affidavit
Arrest
Consent/Consent Searches
Custodial Interrogation
A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath or affirma…
To deprive the liberty of a person suspected criminal activity.
Searches by police that are made after the subject of the sea…
The questioning of a suspect after that person has been taken…
Affidavit
A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath or affirma…
Arrest
To deprive the liberty of a person suspected criminal activity.
30 terms
Criminal Justice-Chapter 6
Crime Prevention
CompStat
quality-of-life offense
Response time
The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
A crime-analysis and police management process, built on crim…
A minor violation of the law that demoralizes community resid…
A measure of the time that it takes for police officers to re…
Crime Prevention
The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
CompStat
A crime-analysis and police management process, built on crim…
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Time-In-Rank System
Beats
Order Maintenance (peacekeeping)
Proactive Policing
before moving up in administrative latter, an officer must st…
designated police patrol areas, covered 24 hours a day.... -dete…
-maintaining order and authority without the need for formal…
-Aggressive law enforcement style in which officers take the…
Time-In-Rank System
before moving up in administrative latter, an officer must st…
Beats
designated police patrol areas, covered 24 hours a day.... -dete…
16 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
What is double marginality?
What came from Tennessee v. Garner? (1…
How do police curb violence?
Why does being a police man cause stre…
the social burden that African American police officers carry…
Illegal search and seizure
1. Specialized training programs (anger management)... 2. Proact…
1. Constant vigilance (on duty 24/7)... 2. Difficult to leave th…
What is double marginality?
the social burden that African American police officers carry…
What came from Tennessee v. Garner? (1…
Illegal search and seizure
19 terms
Chapter 6 Criminal Justice
Police working personality
Police corruption
Internal Affairs
Biological Weapon
all aspects of the traditional values and patterns of behavio…
The abuse of police authority for personal or organizational…
The branch of police organization tasked with investigation c…
a biological agent used to threaten human life ... example anthrax
Police working personality
all aspects of the traditional values and patterns of behavio…
Police corruption
The abuse of police authority for personal or organizational…
20 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Police subculture
Police corruption
Slippery slope
Internal affairs
A particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of…
The abuse of police authority for personal or organizational…
Even a small thank-you accepted by a member of the public can…
The branch of a police organization tasked with investigating…
Police subculture
A particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of…
Police corruption
The abuse of police authority for personal or organizational…
25 terms
Criminal Justice chapter 6
Preliminary investigation
Crime Scene
Criminal Investigation
Crime Scene Investigator
all of the activities undertaken by the police officer who ar…
the physical area in which the crime occurred
"The process of discovering, collecting, preparing, identifyi…
An expert trained in the use of forensics techniques, such as…
Preliminary investigation
all of the activities undertaken by the police officer who ar…
Crime Scene
the physical area in which the crime occurred
25 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6 Vocab
chain of command
community policing
CompStat
crime prevention
the order of authority within a organization.
police working closely with community residents, to help redu…
Crime mapping. Planers that predict when and where crimes wil…
attempts to eliminate crime before it occurs
chain of command
the order of authority within a organization.
community policing
police working closely with community residents, to help redu…
Criminal Justice Chapter 6 vocabulary
Arrest
Bivens actions
Carroll doctrine
Citizen input model
restricting the freedom of persons by taking them into police…
civil suits against federal law enforcement agents for denial…
terms defining the admissibility of evidence obtained in a wa…
moderate oversight of police by non sworn personnel who inves…
Arrest
restricting the freedom of persons by taking them into police…
Bivens actions
civil suits against federal law enforcement agents for denial…
21 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6 Vocabulary
racial profiling
police stress
Cynicism
anomie
alleged practice whereby police stop and search minorities fo…
emotional pressure that is produced by the nature of police w…
a belief that human conduct is motivated entirely by self int…
a "normlessness" or lack of attachment felt by some people to…
racial profiling
alleged practice whereby police stop and search minorities fo…
police stress
emotional pressure that is produced by the nature of police w…
Criminal Justice 101 Chapter 6
4th Amendment
5th Amendment
Exclusionary rule
Fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine
Prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures... The re…
Suspects need protection from coercion... The use of physical fo…
Prohibits the use of illegally obtained evidence in court... Any…
Evidence obtained through illegally obtained evidence is also…
4th Amendment
Prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures... The re…
5th Amendment
Suspects need protection from coercion... The use of physical fo…
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Comp Stat
Legalistic
Information sharing
True
A crime-analysis and police-management process built on crime…
The _______ style of policing enforces the letter of the law
FIGs, LEO, and NLETS are all _____________ resources.
Emphasis on non-emergency services is not an element of commu…
Comp Stat
A crime-analysis and police-management process built on crime…
Legalistic
The _______ style of policing enforces the letter of the law
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
double marginality
cynicism
blue curtain
discretion
the social burden African American police officers carry by v…
the belief that most people's actions are motivated solely by…
the secretive, insulated police culture that isolates officer…
the use of personal decision making and choice in carrying ou…
double marginality
the social burden African American police officers carry by v…
cynicism
the belief that most people's actions are motivated solely by…
48 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Role
Role expectation
Role conflict
Operational styles
The rights and responsibilities associated with a particular…
The behavior and actions that people expect from a person in…
The psychological stress and frustration that result from try…
The different overall approaches to the police job.
Role
The rights and responsibilities associated with a particular…
Role expectation
The behavior and actions that people expect from a person in…
Chapter 6 criminal justice
Calculus of reasonableness.
Criminal intelligence
Police ethics
Racial bias
Whixh of the following is not part of the police used of forc…
The information complied another and disseminated in an effor…
Special responsibility to adhere to moral duty and obligation…
Which of the following is not an element of federal deadly fo…
Calculus of reasonableness.
Whixh of the following is not part of the police used of forc…
Criminal intelligence
The information complied another and disseminated in an effor…
Criminal Justice: Chapter 6
time-in-rank system
beats
order maintenance (peacekeeping)
proactive policing
the promotion system in which a police officer can advance in…
designated police patrol areas
maintaining order and authority without the need for formal a…
an aggressive law enforcement style in which patrol officers…
time-in-rank system
the promotion system in which a police officer can advance in…
beats
designated police patrol areas
23 terms
Chapter 6 Criminal Justice
Crime prevention
CompStat
Quality of life offense
Response time
A proactive approach to the pronlem of a crime
A crime analysis and police management process
Minor violation of law that demoralizes community people
Time it takes for officers to respond to calls
Crime prevention
A proactive approach to the pronlem of a crime
CompStat
A crime analysis and police management process
10 terms
criminal justice chapter 6
Crime prevention
Response time
Crime scene
Preliminary investigation
the anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
a measure of the time it takes for police officers to respond…
The physical area in which a crime is thought to have occurre…
all of the activities undertaken by a police officer who resp…
Crime prevention
the anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
Response time
a measure of the time it takes for police officers to respond…
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
crime prevention
CompStat
quality-of-life offense
response time
the anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
a crime-analysis and police management process, built on crim…
a minor violation of the law (sometimes called a petty crime)…
a measure of the time that it takes for police officers to re…
crime prevention
the anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk…
CompStat
a crime-analysis and police management process, built on crim…
Chapter 6: Criminal Justice
police subculture
police working personality
two sources of police personality
police corruption
a particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of…
all aspects of the traditional values and patterns of behavio…
conservative background, view themselves as defenders of midd…
the abuse of police authority for personal or organizational…
police subculture
a particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of…
police working personality
all aspects of the traditional values and patterns of behavio…
17 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
Hierarchy Model
Time-In-Rank System
Police Role
The Patrol Function
-Police Officers lowest ... -Police Commissioner is highest
-System of promotion that relies on the amount of tim in the…
-Not all on streets making arrests... -Patrol, detective work
-Supervising their beats (patrol areas)... -Deter crime by being…
Hierarchy Model
-Police Officers lowest ... -Police Commissioner is highest
Time-In-Rank System
-System of promotion that relies on the amount of tim in the…
28 terms
Criminal Justice in America: Chapter 6
Affidavit
Consent search
Exclusionary rule
Exigent circimstances
Written statement of fact, supported by oath or affirmation,…
A permissible warrant-less search of a person, vehicle, home,…
The principle that illegally obtained evidence must be exclud…
When there is an immediate threat to public safety or the ris…
Affidavit
Written statement of fact, supported by oath or affirmation,…
Consent search
A permissible warrant-less search of a person, vehicle, home,…
13 terms
Canadian Criminal justice Chapter 6
Professional model of policing
Community policing
Community - based strategic policing
Compstat
A model of police work that is reactive, incident driven, and…
A philosophy of policing centred on police community partners…
A model of police work that incorporates the key principles o…
A strategy designed to increase the effectiveness and efficie…
Professional model of policing
A model of police work that is reactive, incident driven, and…
Community policing
A philosophy of policing centred on police community partners…
27 terms
criminal justice chapter 6
the working personality
police morality
police isolation
job stress
personality due to job
right wrong grey area
us vs them public hostlie towards them ... cops chill with cops
5x more die from suicide then on job
the working personality
personality due to job
police morality
right wrong grey area
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
homicide
murder
manslaughter
malice aforethought
the taking of the life of one human being by another.
at common law, the unlawful killing of one person by another…
the crime of unlawfully killing another person without malice.
the mental predetermination to commit an illegal act.
homicide
the taking of the life of one human being by another.
murder
at common law, the unlawful killing of one person by another…
Criminal Justice chapter 6
Percentage of women in sworn L>E> posi…
Phenomenon of force being used unaccep…
Benefit of better educated police offi…
Branch of police organization who inve…
12.7%
Excessive use of force... Excessive Force
1. Better written reports... 2. Enhanced communications with the…
Internal affairs
Percentage of women in sworn L>E> posi…
12.7%
Phenomenon of force being used unaccep…
Excessive use of force... Excessive Force
Criminal Justice Chapter 6
litigators
retainer
contingency
privilege
trial attorneys
a down payment on the total fee
a percentage of whatever amount the client wins or settles fo…
what you tell your attorney is private and confidential
litigators
trial attorneys
retainer
a down payment on the total fee
chapter 6 criminal justice
police discrestion
How is discretion exersised
use of force continuumm
vehicular pursuits and the courts
decision making done by any law enforcement
• To make a traffic stop... • To stop, question, or frisk... • To a…
Standards for the use of force that guide officers in determ…
• Reason for the pursuit & driving conditions... • Excessive spe…
police discrestion
decision making done by any law enforcement
How is discretion exersised
• To make a traffic stop... • To stop, question, or frisk... • To a…
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