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Study sets matching "criminal law criminology"

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Study sets matching "criminal law criminology"

26 terms
Criminal Law: Criminology
Crimes per Hour
What are the 2 most effective deterren…
What % of murder victims knew their ki…
How many minors that commit felonies g…
murder- 37 minutes... rape- 6 minutes... assault- 43 seconds... car th…
dogs and security alarm
90%
96%
Crimes per Hour
murder- 37 minutes... rape- 6 minutes... assault- 43 seconds... car th…
What are the 2 most effective deterren…
dogs and security alarm
77 terms
Criminology and Criminal Law
General Strain Theory (AGNEW)
Sources of Strain
Subculture
Lower-Class Culture (MILLER)
a bad or uncomfortable event, condition, or feeling you don't…
1.The failure to achieve positively valued stimuli. (Merton)…
Values, behaviors which become traditional among subgroups of…
Crime is the natural outcome of commitment to lower-class cul…
General Strain Theory (AGNEW)
a bad or uncomfortable event, condition, or feeling you don't…
Sources of Strain
1.The failure to achieve positively valued stimuli. (Merton)…
27 terms
Criminology and Criminal Law
definition of criminology
what does it mean for criminology to b…
what is crime?
what was the first written code of laws?
the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior. includes…
studies how social forces shape criminal law and how criminal…
an action or omission that constitutes an offense that may be…
Code of Hammurabi (1750 b.c.)
definition of criminology
the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior. includes…
what does it mean for criminology to b…
studies how social forces shape criminal law and how criminal…
22 terms
Criminology chapter 3: criminal law
Crime
Criminal Law
Criminal Procedure
"True Crime"
Conduct that is prohibited by law and is subject to a penal s…
Body of jurisprudence that included the definition of various…
Body of legislation that specifies the procedures to be follo…
Occurs when an individual engaged in conduct that is not only…
Crime
Conduct that is prohibited by law and is subject to a penal s…
Criminal Law
Body of jurisprudence that included the definition of various…
53 terms
Criminology Midterm-Development of Criminal Law
Crime as a Social Problem
Enclosed Fortress (1970)
Moral Panic
Defining crime
moral entrepreneurs provide arguments and rhetoric, pressure…
The idea that suburban neighborhoods, geographically far remo…
an intense feeling expressed in a population about an issue t…
Violation of conduct norms, social harm and analogous social…
Crime as a Social Problem
moral entrepreneurs provide arguments and rhetoric, pressure…
Enclosed Fortress (1970)
The idea that suburban neighborhoods, geographically far remo…
21 terms
Criminology and Criminal Law Final Exam Theories
Social Structural Strain Theory ... - Cri…
Institutional Anomie Theory ... -Crime an…
Lower-Class Culture Thesis... Miller (195…
Code of the Street... - Crime and Subcult…
+ Strain: A bad or uncomfortable event, condition, or feeling…
+ The American Dream & 4 core value orientations: ... - CULTURE:…
+ Six Focal Concerns:... 1. Fate... 2. Autonomy... 3. Toughness... 4. Tro…
+ Structural Origins of the code of the street:... Social condit…
Social Structural Strain Theory ... - Cri…
+ Strain: A bad or uncomfortable event, condition, or feeling…
Institutional Anomie Theory ... -Crime an…
+ The American Dream & 4 core value orientations: ... - CULTURE:…
27 terms
Ch. 1: Crime, Criminal Law and Criminology
Administrative Law
Case Law
Causation
Civil Law
Rules, regulations and enforcements made by agencies to which…
The aggregate of reported judicial decisions, which are legal…
The assumption of a relationship between two phenomena in whi…
The part of the law concerned with the rules and enforcement…
Administrative Law
Rules, regulations and enforcements made by agencies to which…
Case Law
The aggregate of reported judicial decisions, which are legal…
40 terms
Criminology, CJ Ethics, & Criminal Law Review
the means for achieving accepted goals…
learning techniques and definitions su…
"mens rea"
Intent, Malice and Premeditation
Robert Merton's Strain Theory contends that crime is caused w…
According to Sutherland's Differential Association Theory, th…
Another term for "intent" in the field of Criminal law is
In order for a defendant to be charged with first degree murd…
the means for achieving accepted goals…
Robert Merton's Strain Theory contends that crime is caused w…
learning techniques and definitions su…
According to Sutherland's Differential Association Theory, th…
20 terms
CJC 102 CH.1 Criminology and Criminal law
code of Hammurabi
mosiac code
mala en se
mala prohibition
(1792-1750 BC) most famous set of written laws of the ancient…
(1200 BC) Basis for the U.S. legal system... - emphasizes prohi…
bad in itself
wrong due to being, prohibited
code of Hammurabi
(1792-1750 BC) most famous set of written laws of the ancient…
mosiac code
(1200 BC) Basis for the U.S. legal system... - emphasizes prohi…
48 terms
Intro to Criminology- Crime Patterns, Criminal Law, and Police Organization
Rural/Suburban area
Metropolitan/Urban area
Summer months
Male crime rates
lower crime rate
higher crime rate... overcrowding, poverty, narcotic use, racial…
higher crime rates... on vacations, posting on social media, les…
higher... men are physically stronger ... more aggressive... woman hav…
Rural/Suburban area
lower crime rate
Metropolitan/Urban area
higher crime rate... overcrowding, poverty, narcotic use, racial…
47 terms
Criminal Law
Elements of a crime
Indictable Offence
Summary Offence
Accused
Against the law, against morality, harmful to society, punish…
A serious criminal offence for which the defendant is entitle…
less severe offences that are heard and sentenced by a magist…
The person charged with a criminal offence
Elements of a crime
Against the law, against morality, harmful to society, punish…
Indictable Offence
A serious criminal offence for which the defendant is entitle…
181 terms
Criminal Law
"Significant punishment in the sentenc…
Private wrongs for which you can sue t…
Who has the burden of proof regarding…
Of the following, which defendant may…
b. Chaney v. State (1970)
a. torts.
d. the prosecution
d. felony
"Significant punishment in the sentenc…
b. Chaney v. State (1970)
Private wrongs for which you can sue t…
a. torts.
17 terms
Criminal Law
Crime
Felonies
M'Naghten.
Up to five years in jail.
Any act done by an individual in violation of the duties he o…
Most serious kinds of crimes.
Insanity test in which the defendant must show he/she suffere…
Punishment in Florida for a third degree felony.
Crime
Any act done by an individual in violation of the duties he o…
Felonies
Most serious kinds of crimes.
27 terms
Criminal Law
Victoria Crimes Act 1958
Doli incapax
Actus Reus
Mens Rea
This Act includes the criminal laws set by Victoria
When someone is deemed incapable of forming the intent to com…
One of the elements needed to be a crime. This element means…
One of the elements needed to be a crime. This element is mea…
Victoria Crimes Act 1958
This Act includes the criminal laws set by Victoria
Doli incapax
When someone is deemed incapable of forming the intent to com…
10 terms
Criminal Justice vs Criminology
Criminology
Criminal Justice
Remanded
Correction System
study of the anatomy of a crime specifically its causes, cons…
established systems for dealing with crime, specifically dete…
place on a bail or in custody
responsible for giving sentence and make the punishments
Criminology
study of the anatomy of a crime specifically its causes, cons…
Criminal Justice
established systems for dealing with crime, specifically dete…
166 terms
Criminal Law
Retributivism
Consequentialism
Consequentialism:... Rehabilitation
Consequentialism:... Incapacitation
Focuses on fairness and justice... "desert"... does not justify pun…
Focuses on prevention of future crime... "deterrence"... justifies…
Know what you did was wrong and have no desire to commit the…
Disabled from committing any future crimes
Retributivism
Focuses on fairness and justice... "desert"... does not justify pun…
Consequentialism
Focuses on prevention of future crime... "deterrence"... justifies…
20 terms
Criminal Law
Domestic Violence
Plaintiff
Premeditation
Manslaughter
A reckless form of physical or mental abuse between family me…
In a criminal proceeding, the state or federal government rep…
A prosecutor must prove this in a first degree murder case
When a killing occurs and there is no intent the defendant ma…
Domestic Violence
A reckless form of physical or mental abuse between family me…
Plaintiff
In a criminal proceeding, the state or federal government rep…
Criminal law
assault
forgery
fraud
robbery
Threatening to give pt. medication
something counterfeit; an illegally produced imitation
A deliberate deception intended to secure an unfair or unlawf…
Taking someone's property by threat or force is
assault
Threatening to give pt. medication
forgery
something counterfeit; an illegally produced imitation
23 terms
criminology law
people who are believed to be dangerou…
Which theory maintains that all people…
This theory holds that deviant behavio…
Means the absence or weakness of rules…
psychopaths
strain
differential reinforcement
anomic
people who are believed to be dangerou…
psychopaths
Which theory maintains that all people…
strain
76 terms
Criminal Law
True or False:... Regarding "withdrawal"…
A legal duty to act may arise from a:
In a majority of states, criminal atte…
The fact that the defendant committed…
True.
Statute, contract, or voluntary assumption of care
an act that constitutes a substantial step in commission of t…
general intent
True or False:... Regarding "withdrawal"…
True.
A legal duty to act may arise from a:
Statute, contract, or voluntary assumption of care
20 terms
Criminal Law
Malice
Recklessness
Modern Penal Code 4 Basic Types of Cri…
Crime consists of two parts
a conscious, intentional wrongdoing either of a civil wrong l…
Rashness; heedlessness; wanton conduct. The state of mind acc…
1. Crimes requiring intention (or purpose) to do the forbidde…
Physical part and mens rea. "an act does not make one guilty…
Malice
a conscious, intentional wrongdoing either of a civil wrong l…
Recklessness
Rashness; heedlessness; wanton conduct. The state of mind acc…
24 terms
Criminal Law
remedy
blameworthy activities
tort
to deter
средство судебной защиты
действия, заслуживающие наказания
деликт
удерживать от совершения чего-либо
remedy
средство судебной защиты
blameworthy activities
действия, заслуживающие наказания
38 terms
CRIMINAL LAW
FUNDAMENTAL OBSERVATIONS
INCHOATE CRIMES
CRIMINAL HOMICIDE
EXPRESS MALICE
Actus Reus / Mens Rea... Accomplice Liability... Vicarious Liability
SAC... Solicitation... Attempt... Conspiracy
1) a person is guilty of criminal homicide if he purposely, k…
Intent to kill - deadly weapon rule
FUNDAMENTAL OBSERVATIONS
Actus Reus / Mens Rea... Accomplice Liability... Vicarious Liability
INCHOATE CRIMES
SAC... Solicitation... Attempt... Conspiracy
25 terms
CRIMINAL LAW
tell
wait
take a photo
take
брать
tell
wait
15 terms
Criminal Law
5 Basic Elements of Crimes
Civil Law... - initiated by individuals... -…
Criminal Law
Actus Reus
1. Actus Reus... 2. Mens Rea... 3. Concurrence... 4. Causation... 5. Resu…
Criminal Law... - Society is the victim... - Not necessary to prove…
...
The Act
5 Basic Elements of Crimes
1. Actus Reus... 2. Mens Rea... 3. Concurrence... 4. Causation... 5. Resu…
Civil Law... - initiated by individuals... -…
Criminal Law... - Society is the victim... - Not necessary to prove…
67 terms
Criminal Law
Arson
Burglary
Constructive Entry
crime concealment arson
The knowing and malicious burning of the property of another.…
The breaking and entering of a building, locked automobile, b…
an entry that occurs when the defendant causes another person…
arson committed in the hope of concealing another crime commi…
Arson
The knowing and malicious burning of the property of another.…
Burglary
The breaking and entering of a building, locked automobile, b…
24 terms
Criminology - Criminal Opportunity
Crime Opportunity
Routine Activities Theory (Cohen & Fel…
Focuses of Routine Activities
3 Necessary Conditions for crime (rout…
Concentrated in time in space. Plays a role in causing all cr…
Crime is a normal function of the routine activities of moder…
Crime, not criminality. Events, not dispositions. Near, not d…
Motivated offender, suitable target, and lack of capable guar…
Crime Opportunity
Concentrated in time in space. Plays a role in causing all cr…
Routine Activities Theory (Cohen & Fel…
Crime is a normal function of the routine activities of moder…
17 terms
Criminal Law
Criminal Law
Defendant
Prosecutor
Legal Counsel
A law that defines crimes against the public order
An individual or group charged with a crime
A lawyer who represents the government in a criminal case
Lawyer; an attorney at law
Criminal Law
A law that defines crimes against the public order
Defendant
An individual or group charged with a crime
118 terms
Criminal Law
Elements of a crime
Principle of legality (Ex post facto l…
Hierarchy of Law
Definition of a crime
Status of the offender... Mental (mens rea)... Actus Reus... Conditions
you cannot punish a person for prior incidences after a law h…
U.S. Constitution... Federal statutes... Federal Admin. Rules... State…
A crime is a conduct which is prohibited by state law and pun…
Elements of a crime
Status of the offender... Mental (mens rea)... Actus Reus... Conditions
Principle of legality (Ex post facto l…
you cannot punish a person for prior incidences after a law h…
11 terms
Criminal Law
Probable Cause
Felony
Misdemeanor
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Reasonable cause for issuing a search warrant or making an ar…
A crime regarded as more serious than a misdemeanor, and usua…
A crime or offense that is less serious than a felony; any mi…
A court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to cou…
Probable Cause
Reasonable cause for issuing a search warrant or making an ar…
Felony
A crime regarded as more serious than a misdemeanor, and usua…
20 terms
Criminal Law
Felonies
Violations
Crime of Omission
Conspiracy
These types of crimes are the most serious category of crime.
These crimes are a minor disregard for public well-being.
This type of crime is when a person fails to perform an act t…
This is an agreement between two or more persons to commit a…
Felonies
These types of crimes are the most serious category of crime.
Violations
These crimes are a minor disregard for public well-being.
84 terms
Criminal Law
Fagan v MPC
Tuberville v Savage
Smith v Chief Constable of Woking
R v Constanza
An assault is committed where D intentionally or recklessly c…
D put his hand on his sword and stated 'if it were not assize…
D looked into a woman's window but did not do anything. She s…
D mounted hate campaign against work colleague. Sent threaten…
Fagan v MPC
An assault is committed where D intentionally or recklessly c…
Tuberville v Savage
D put his hand on his sword and stated 'if it were not assize…
29 terms
Statistics in Criminology and Criminal Justice
Statistical Analysis:
Inferential Statistics:
Probability Theory:
Political Arithmetic:
Pythagoras in the 6th century BC; this was the forerunner of…
is thought to have been first developed in the Orient around…
as it would come to be known, continued in the form of gambli…
close association with those studying political topics, inclu…
Statistical Analysis:
Pythagoras in the 6th century BC; this was the forerunner of…
Inferential Statistics:
is thought to have been first developed in the Orient around…
15 terms
Criminal Law
Crime
Penal code
Misdemeanors
Felonies
Any act that that harms people or society and that breaks a c…
Document that lists state's criminal laws and punishments tha…
Minor crimes for which a person can be fined for a small sum…
A serious criminal offense punishable by a prison sentence of…
Crime
Any act that that harms people or society and that breaks a c…
Penal code
Document that lists state's criminal laws and punishments tha…
16 terms
Criminal Law
Crime
3 Levels of Crime
Felony
misdemeanor
an act that violates the rules of society, or the law
Infractions, misdemeanors, felonies
a major crime. It is punishable by a fine, imprisonment, or b…
less serious crime. It is punishable by a fine, imprisonment,…
Crime
an act that violates the rules of society, or the law
3 Levels of Crime
Infractions, misdemeanors, felonies
57 terms
CRIMINAL LAW
Elements of a crime
Indictable Offence
Summary Offence
Accused
Against the law, against morality, harmful to society, punish…
A serious criminal offence for which the defendant is entitle…
less severe offences that are heard and sentenced by a magist…
The person charged with a criminal offence
Elements of a crime
Against the law, against morality, harmful to society, punish…
Indictable Offence
A serious criminal offence for which the defendant is entitle…
73 terms
Criminal Law
Firearm
Pistol
Rifle
Short-Barreled Rifle
A weapon or device from which a projectile may be fired by an…
Any firearm with a barrel length of less than 16 inches, or i…
A weapon designed or redesigned, and intended to fired from t…
A rifle having one or more barrels less than 16 inches in len…
Firearm
A weapon or device from which a projectile may be fired by an…
Pistol
Any firearm with a barrel length of less than 16 inches, or i…
10 terms
Criminal Justice Vs. Criminology
Criminology
Criminal Justice
Data collectors
Law Enforcement
The anatomy of a crime
Study of laws and corrections
Used by criminologist
Career in Criminal Justice
Criminology
The anatomy of a crime
Criminal Justice
Study of laws and corrections
8 terms
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Actus Reus
Mens Rea
Governmentality
Surveillance
-Criminal Action... -3 components: ... 1. conduct (voluntary)... 2. su…
-Guilty mind... -Person must understand and intend the consequen…
-The internalization, naturalization, and reproduction of pow…
-Any systematic focus on personal information in order to inf…
Actus Reus
-Criminal Action... -3 components: ... 1. conduct (voluntary)... 2. su…
Mens Rea
-Guilty mind... -Person must understand and intend the consequen…
50 terms
Criminal Law
Due Process of 5th Amendment
Due Process in 14th Amendment
Incorporation
2 things before Miranda warnings must…
Guaranteed in Federal Court
Guaranteed in States Court
Application of Federal amendments to state's per the 14th ame…
Custody + Interrogation
Due Process of 5th Amendment
Guaranteed in Federal Court
Due Process in 14th Amendment
Guaranteed in States Court
10 terms
Criminal Justice vs. Criminology
Criminology
Criminal Justice
Sentence
Correction
The study of behavior patterns & the anatomy of a crime.
How to deal with the crime itself through detection, prosecut…
A punishment given to the criminal when found guilty.
Any type of punishment given to the criminal to teach them to…
Criminology
The study of behavior patterns & the anatomy of a crime.
Criminal Justice
How to deal with the crime itself through detection, prosecut…
13 terms
Criminal Law
trial
guilty
not guilty
the prosecution
the process to determine the guilt or innocence of the accuse…
the jury's verdict finding against the accused
the jury's verdict finding in favour of the accused
the party responsible for proving the matter beyond a reasona…
trial
the process to determine the guilt or innocence of the accuse…
guilty
the jury's verdict finding against the accused
37 terms
Criminal Law
The 3 elements of a crime
3 types of Mens Rea
Specific Intent Crimes => FIAT ... = I…
Specific intent crimes (FIAT) - ''bene…
(1) Actus Reus... (2) Mens Rea... (3) Causation
1. Specific intent... 2. Malice ... 3. General Intent
- First Degree Murder... - Inchoate crimes... - Assault with intent…
- Defense available for voluntary intoxication... - Defense av…
The 3 elements of a crime
(1) Actus Reus... (2) Mens Rea... (3) Causation
3 types of Mens Rea
1. Specific intent... 2. Malice ... 3. General Intent
18 terms
Criminal Law
Limits on Felony-Murder
Three kinds of homicide
First degree murder
Second degree murder
violent/inherently dangerous felonies, killing and felony sep…
manslaughter, murder, negligent homicide
Malice+Deliberation and Premeditation
Malice
Limits on Felony-Murder
violent/inherently dangerous felonies, killing and felony sep…
Three kinds of homicide
manslaughter, murder, negligent homicide
50 terms
Criminal Law
crime
felony
misdemeanor
concurrence
an act that the government has deemed contrary to the public…
any offense punishable by death or imprisonment exceeding one…
crime punishable by a fine or by detention of one year or les…
when both the physical and metal elements of the crime are pr…
crime
an act that the government has deemed contrary to the public…
felony
any offense punishable by death or imprisonment exceeding one…
32 terms
Criminal Law
Crime
Defendant
Prosecutor
Plaintiff
is considered an act against the public goodis considered an…
the person accused of a crime
the government attorney who presents the case in court agains…
the party that accuses a person of a crime.
Crime
is considered an act against the public goodis considered an…
Defendant
the person accused of a crime
14 terms
Criminal justice/ criminology Sampling
Population
Sample
Sampling frame
Elements
The entire set of elements (cities, individuals, states, coun…
A subset of elements from the larger population
The list from which the elements of the population are selected
The students who are selected and interviewed from that list
Population
The entire set of elements (cities, individuals, states, coun…
Sample
A subset of elements from the larger population
123 terms
Criminal Justice/Criminology
Criminal Justice System
Incarceration
Corporal Punishment
Deterrence
A system intended to preserve law and order in a society
The act of sentencing a criminal to a specified time in jail…
Punishment consisting of bodily harm
An attempt to prevent citizens from committing a crime in the…
Criminal Justice System
A system intended to preserve law and order in a society
Incarceration
The act of sentencing a criminal to a specified time in jail…
8 terms
Criminology (Criminal justice system)
Formal social control (external)
Crime control
Due process
Police shootings.
Police, courts, corrections
Apprehension and punishment of criminals
Justice, fairness, protection from abuses of power
More than half were non white, in 2011, 400 unjustifiable hom…
Formal social control (external)
Police, courts, corrections
Crime control
Apprehension and punishment of criminals
10 terms
Criminal Law
An act against the public good, punish…
The government is the party that accus…
The person who is accused of a crime i…
Major crime punishable by imprisonment…
Crime
Prosecutor
Defendant
Felony
An act against the public good, punish…
Crime
The government is the party that accus…
Prosecutor
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