Study sets matching "criminal procedure"

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Study sets matching "criminal procedure"

39 terms
Criminal Procedure
4th Amendment Approach
4th Amendment Rule Statement
4th: Was there government conduct?
4th: Does the defendant have standing…
1. Was there government conduct... 2. Does the Defendant have st…
The Fourth Amendment protects citizens from unreasonable sear…
There must be some type of police or other government officia…
In order for the defendant to show they have standing they mu…
4th Amendment Approach
1. Was there government conduct... 2. Does the Defendant have st…
4th Amendment Rule Statement
The Fourth Amendment protects citizens from unreasonable sear…
102 terms
Criminal Procedure
5 things for which exclusionary rule i…
Fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine
3 ways government can break the chain…
Even if evidence is admitted at trial…
1. Grand jury proceedings... 2. Civil proceedings... 3. Parole revo…
All evidence obtained or derived from police illegality will…
The 3 I's... 1. Independent source for the evidence... 2. Inevitabl…
Harmless error
5 things for which exclusionary rule i…
1. Grand jury proceedings... 2. Civil proceedings... 3. Parole revo…
Fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine
All evidence obtained or derived from police illegality will…
Criminal Procedure
Due process. Under the Fourteenth Amen…
When taking a guilty plea, the judge m…
Exclusionary rule. Under the exclusion…
Which amendment refers to search and s…
True
- the nature of the charge and elements of the crime... - the ma…
- Reasonably apparent authority... - The scope of the consent
Fourth
Due process. Under the Fourteenth Amen…
True
When taking a guilty plea, the judge m…
- the nature of the charge and elements of the crime... - the ma…
27 terms
Criminal Procedure
Probable Cause
Probable Cause to ARREST
Probable Cause for Search
An arrest without probable cause is...
Fact or circumstances that would make a reasonable or prudent…
Refers to the facts or circumstances that make a person belie…
Refers to the facts or circumstances that make an OFFICER bel…
ILLEGAL
Probable Cause
Fact or circumstances that would make a reasonable or prudent…
Probable Cause to ARREST
Refers to the facts or circumstances that make a person belie…
Criminal Procedures
Exclusionary Rule
Derivative evidence
Wolf v. Colorado
Mapp
Provides that evidence that is obtained as a result of violat…
Evidenxe that is discovered as a result of the unlawfully sei…
Incorporated the 4th amendment to the states
Incorporated the exclusionary rule
Exclusionary Rule
Provides that evidence that is obtained as a result of violat…
Derivative evidence
Evidenxe that is discovered as a result of the unlawfully sei…
57 terms
Criminal Procedure
What is the exclusionary rule?
When may illegally obtained evidence b…
How do the results of a search qualify…
What is the "fruit of the poisonous tr…
Under the exclusionary rule criminal defendant can have the r…
(1) Grand jury proceedings; (2) civil proceedings; (3) parole…
The search violated the constitution or federal statute.
Defendant may exclude all evidence obtained through police il…
What is the exclusionary rule?
Under the exclusionary rule criminal defendant can have the r…
When may illegally obtained evidence b…
(1) Grand jury proceedings; (2) civil proceedings; (3) parole…
Criminal Procedure
What is the dual court system?
What cases does the federal system hear?
What cases does the State system hear?
What part of the constitution creates…
The U.S. court system is divided into two separate systems, t…
Criminal and civil cases that involve constitutional and fede…
Criminal and civil cases related to state laws and state cons…
Article 3, section 1
What is the dual court system?
The U.S. court system is divided into two separate systems, t…
What cases does the federal system hear?
Criminal and civil cases that involve constitutional and fede…
48 terms
Criminal Procedure
Where criminal law in the United State…
The three parts the criminal justice s…
Role of Correctional System
Jurisdiction
-Common law... -Constitution... -Statutes ... -Administrative or Regul…
-The police... - The Courts... -Corrections
To Punish, Protect, and Rehabilitation
It is the policy of this state to exercise its jurisdiction o…
Where criminal law in the United State…
-Common law... -Constitution... -Statutes ... -Administrative or Regul…
The three parts the criminal justice s…
-The police... - The Courts... -Corrections
8 terms
Criminal Procedure
When is exclusion not an available rem…
The Fruit of the Poisonous Tree doctri…
How can the gov't break the chain btwn…
What is the automobile exception?
Grand jury proceedings, civil proceedings, parol revocation p…
Miranda violations unless police acted in bad faith when obta…
Independent source, inevitable discovery, intervening acts of…
Police can stop a car and search it in its entirety, if they…
When is exclusion not an available rem…
Grand jury proceedings, civil proceedings, parol revocation p…
The Fruit of the Poisonous Tree doctri…
Miranda violations unless police acted in bad faith when obta…
12 terms
Criminal Procedure
What is criminal procedure?
List and describe the 2 categories of…
What 3 things do we need to have in or…
Significance of criminal procedure
The way in which peace officer's lawfully do their job to ens…
1. Substantive law (Tells us what a crime is)... 2. Procedural l…
1. Authority... 2. Burden of proof... 3. Duty
1. Protects the rights of all citizens... 2. Enhances ability to…
What is criminal procedure?
The way in which peace officer's lawfully do their job to ens…
List and describe the 2 categories of…
1. Substantive law (Tells us what a crime is)... 2. Procedural l…
38 terms
Criminal Procedure
overview
four global issues of search and seizure
Threshold question: Is the search or s…
was the search or seizure executed by…
most important topic: 4th amendment search and seizure... secon…
1. did goverment search or seizure you?... 2. if so, was it reas…
1. was the search or seizure executed by a government agent?…
most important category: public paid police... additional categ…
overview
most important topic: 4th amendment search and seizure... secon…
four global issues of search and seizure
1. did goverment search or seizure you?... 2. if so, was it reas…
Criminal Procedure
Fourth Amendment
Trespass based test for Fourth Amendme…
privacy based test for fourth amendmen…
4 questions to ask for a valid warrant
protects individuals from unreasonable searches and seizures…
the agent physically intruded on a constitutionally protected…
the agents search or seizure of a constitutionally protected…
1. was the warrant issued by a neutral and detached magistrat…
Fourth Amendment
protects individuals from unreasonable searches and seizures…
Trespass based test for Fourth Amendme…
the agent physically intruded on a constitutionally protected…
16 terms
Criminal Procedure
May a witness, who is not on trial, be…
What is necessary for a guilty plea wa…
When does the sixth amendment right to…
What is false pretenses?
Yes. However, she retains her 5A right against self-incrimina…
"Voluntary and intelligent choice." To ensure this, the (1) j…
Until the defendant has been arrested or charged.
It consists of obtaining title to property of another by an i…
May a witness, who is not on trial, be…
Yes. However, she retains her 5A right against self-incrimina…
What is necessary for a guilty plea wa…
"Voluntary and intelligent choice." To ensure this, the (1) j…
criminal procedure
one or more charges is a misdemeanor f…
case in which only offense charged are…
how many counties in PA and which dist…
population and geographic. within this…
court case
summary case
67 and judicial
magisterial district
one or more charges is a misdemeanor f…
court case
case in which only offense charged are…
summary case
38 terms
Criminal Procedure
What are the exceptions to the exclusi…
What are the exceptions to when police…
When may evidence excluded under the e…
What is the fruit of the poisonous tre…
(1) grand jury proceedings; (2) civil proceedings; (3) when a…
(1) when the issuing magistrate was misled by information in…
(1) An otherwise voluntary confession that violates Miranda c…
A court will excluded not only illegally seized items but als…
What are the exceptions to the exclusi…
(1) grand jury proceedings; (2) civil proceedings; (3) when a…
What are the exceptions to when police…
(1) when the issuing magistrate was misled by information in…
76 terms
Criminal Procedure
11 Instances of Lawful Warrantless Sea…
Immediate control test
Totality of circumstances test
Requisites of "plain view doctrine"
Exceptions from the requirement of search warrant... 1. Incident…
Search may extend beyond the person of the one to be arrested…
Test used in order to determine whether consent to a search w…
Prior valid intrusion... Inadvertently discovered... Immediately ap…
11 Instances of Lawful Warrantless Sea…
Exceptions from the requirement of search warrant... 1. Incident…
Immediate control test
Search may extend beyond the person of the one to be arrested…
Criminal procedure
Adversial system
Investigation and arrest
First Court Appearance
Probable cause hearing
Contest between opposing sides
Take someone into custody to charge suspect with crime
Judges inform arrestee of charge against him and determine bail
Determine if theres enough evidence to believe crime committe…
Adversial system
Contest between opposing sides
Investigation and arrest
Take someone into custody to charge suspect with crime
102 terms
Criminal Procedure
5 things for which exclusionary rule i…
Fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine
3 ways government can break the chain…
Even if evidence is admitted at trial…
1. Grand jury proceedings... 2. Civil proceedings... 3. Parole revo…
All evidence obtained or derived from police illegality will…
The 3 I's... 1. Independent source for the evidence... 2. Inevitabl…
Harmless error
5 things for which exclusionary rule i…
1. Grand jury proceedings... 2. Civil proceedings... 3. Parole revo…
Fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine
All evidence obtained or derived from police illegality will…
115 terms
Criminal Procedure
When do constitutional protections app…
Constitutional protections exceptions
When can police approach people in a p…
What is a seizure?
Only apply to government action
Private persons acting as government agents ... Ex. The governme…
Police can approach anyone in a public place, and unless the…
Occurs when an officer, but physical force or a show of autho…
When do constitutional protections app…
Only apply to government action
Constitutional protections exceptions
Private persons acting as government agents ... Ex. The governme…
Criminal Procedure
What is the exclusionary rule?
When may illegally obtained evidence b…
How do the results of a search qualify…
What is the "fruit of the poisonous tr…
Under the exclusionary rule criminal defendant can have the r…
(1) Grand jury proceedings; (2) civil proceedings; (3) parole…
The search violated the constitution or federal statute.
Defendant may exclude all evidence obtained through police il…
What is the exclusionary rule?
Under the exclusionary rule criminal defendant can have the r…
When may illegally obtained evidence b…
(1) Grand jury proceedings; (2) civil proceedings; (3) parole…
Criminal Procedure
Fourth Amendment
Fifth Amendment (2)
Sixth Amendment (4)
Eighth Amendment (2)
Prohibition against unreasonable search and seizure
1) Privilege against compulsory self-incrimination... 2) Prohibi…
1) Right to a speedy trial... 2) Right to a trial by jury... 3) Rig…
Prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment... 1) Death pe…
Fourth Amendment
Prohibition against unreasonable search and seizure
Fifth Amendment (2)
1) Privilege against compulsory self-incrimination... 2) Prohibi…
10 terms
Criminal Procedure
Due Process Amendment for Federal
Due Process Amendment for States
Palko v. Connecticut Facts
Palko v. Connecticut Rule of Law
5th Amendment
14th Amendment
D was indicted for 1st murder. Jury returned murder for 2nd d…
The double jeopardy prohibition provision included in the 5th…
Due Process Amendment for Federal
5th Amendment
Due Process Amendment for States
14th Amendment
14 terms
criminal procedure
pneumonic: Public Observation Generall…
trespass based test
privacy based test
4 categorial exceptions to the good fa…
describes: there are certain categories of items whose routin…
agent physically intruded on a constitutionally protected are…
agent's search or seizure of a constitutionally protected are…
1) the affidavit supporting the warrant application is so egr…
pneumonic: Public Observation Generall…
describes: there are certain categories of items whose routin…
trespass based test
agent physically intruded on a constitutionally protected are…
41 terms
Criminal Procedure
Four Global Issues for Search and Seiz…
Four Key Questions as to whether the s…
Government Agents
Areas and Items Protected by the 4th A…
1. Governed by 4th Amendment?... 2. Warrant? Satisfy requirement…
1. Government Agent?... 2. Area or item protected?... 3. Physical i…
1. Publicly Paid Police - on or off duty... 2. Private citizens…
1. Persons... 2. Houses... 3. Papers... 4. Effects
Four Global Issues for Search and Seiz…
1. Governed by 4th Amendment?... 2. Warrant? Satisfy requirement…
Four Key Questions as to whether the s…
1. Government Agent?... 2. Area or item protected?... 3. Physical i…
28 terms
Criminal Procedure
Fourth Amendment Applicability
Requirements for a Warrant Search to b…
Acceptable Warrantless Searaches
Terry Stop and Terry Frisk
Applies to searches and seizures executed by a government age…
Valid if either... 1) Warrant was supported by probable cause an…
Eight exceptions to warrant requirement (ESCAPIST)... 1) Exigent…
A Terry stop occurs when a person is briefly seized for purpo…
Fourth Amendment Applicability
Applies to searches and seizures executed by a government age…
Requirements for a Warrant Search to b…
Valid if either... 1) Warrant was supported by probable cause an…
Criminal Procedure
probable cause legal meaning
probable cause practical meaning
probable cause cannot be established
probable cause is established in 3 ways
pc exists when the facts and circumstances within the officer…
pc exists when it is more likely than not that the suspect co…
by what is found after an illegal search or arrest
officers knowledge, information by informant, or info plus co…
probable cause legal meaning
pc exists when the facts and circumstances within the officer…
probable cause practical meaning
pc exists when it is more likely than not that the suspect co…
23 terms
Criminal Procedure
Magistrate
Gerstein hearing
Information
Discovery
A lawyer appointed by a district court judge for an 8 year term
First appearance in a warrantless arrest, determines whether…
Determination of probable cause to support the charge
Court order to obtain information
Magistrate
A lawyer appointed by a district court judge for an 8 year term
Gerstein hearing
First appearance in a warrantless arrest, determines whether…
59 terms
Criminal Procedure
Probable Cause to Arrest Standard
What is the correct rule regarding a p…
When may the police conduct a search i…
What are the requirements for the poli…
(i) The officer must have KNOWLEDGE (but NOT necessarily pers…
The police may stop automobiles for investigatory purposes
AFTER a CONSTITUTIONAL arrest
To make a warrantless seizure, the police: ... (i) must be leg…
Probable Cause to Arrest Standard
(i) The officer must have KNOWLEDGE (but NOT necessarily pers…
What is the correct rule regarding a p…
The police may stop automobiles for investigatory purposes
Criminal Procedure
when does criminal procedure start
what is the umbrella amendment
14th amendment
4th Amendment
* starts when you are suspect... *protections are through consti…
the 14th amendment
*due process 1868... *everything should be done in court realm f…
*procedure is very important... *search and seizure... *supreme cou…
when does criminal procedure start
* starts when you are suspect... *protections are through consti…
what is the umbrella amendment
the 14th amendment
39 terms
Criminal Procedure
What part of the Washington Constituti…
Is the Washington constitution more or…
Are random DUI checkpoints allowed und…
Can a person consent to a warrantless…
Article 1 section 7.
More protective, and state courts engage in independent analy…
No.
Yes, but the police must inform the person that consent is op…
What part of the Washington Constituti…
Article 1 section 7.
Is the Washington constitution more or…
More protective, and state courts engage in independent analy…
38 terms
Criminal Procedure
What are the exceptions to the exclusi…
What are the exceptions to when police…
When may evidence excluded under the e…
What is the fruit of the poisonous tre…
(1) grand jury proceedings; (2) civil proceedings; (3) when a…
(1) when the issuing magistrate was misled by information in…
(1) An otherwise voluntary confession that violates Miranda c…
A court will excluded not only illegally seized items but als…
What are the exceptions to the exclusi…
(1) grand jury proceedings; (2) civil proceedings; (3) when a…
What are the exceptions to when police…
(1) when the issuing magistrate was misled by information in…
166 terms
Criminal Procedure
MAIN ISSUE 1: Does the search or seizu…
Step I. Was the search or seizure exec…
Step II. Was the search or seizure of…
The protection of houses includes . . .
i. was the search or seizure executed by a government agent…
Government agents include:... 1. Publicly paid police (on or off…
The Fourth Amendment expressly protects individuals from unre…
the "curtilage," which is the area adjacent to to the home "t…
MAIN ISSUE 1: Does the search or seizu…
i. was the search or seizure executed by a government agent…
Step I. Was the search or seizure exec…
Government agents include:... 1. Publicly paid police (on or off…
152 terms
Criminal Procedure:
What is the exclusionary rule's primar…
Requirements for exclusionary rule (4)
When a D asserts standing, what must h…
Rephrase question: what does standing…
police misconduct
1. conduct by officers constituted a search or seizure... 2. sea…
Arrest: D must rely on OWN unreasonable arrest... Search: D mus…
requires person to have legit expectation of privacy in prope…
What is the exclusionary rule's primar…
police misconduct
Requirements for exclusionary rule (4)
1. conduct by officers constituted a search or seizure... 2. sea…
149 terms
Criminal Procedure
constitutional requirements binding on…
4th am. rights
5th am. rights
6th am. rights
the constitution provides the floor of protection for crimina…
prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizure and the…
i. Privilege against compulsory self-incrimination.... ii. Privi…
i. Right to speedy trial.... ii. Right to public trial.... iii. Rig…
constitutional requirements binding on…
the constitution provides the floor of protection for crimina…
4th am. rights
prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizure and the…
33 terms
Criminal Procedure
Judicial Decision
Stare Decisis
Judicial Review
Rule of Law
It is an authoritative decision that has value for future cas…
"To abide by,or adhere to decided cases
"the power of any court to hold unconstitutional and hence un…
No person is above the law every person, from the most powerf…
Judicial Decision
It is an authoritative decision that has value for future cas…
Stare Decisis
"To abide by,or adhere to decided cases
Criminal Procedure
Voluntariness Requirement for Confessi…
What do courts look at to determine vo…
Who decides if sufficiently voluntary?
5th Amendment
Cannot be result of coercion.
Education, emotional instability, not narrative, leading, how…
Court, by independent examination of the facts.
No person shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a wit…
Voluntariness Requirement for Confessi…
Cannot be result of coercion.
What do courts look at to determine vo…
Education, emotional instability, not narrative, leading, how…
49 terms
Criminal Procedure
What is a search?
REOP
Minutia of Search
4th Amendment Standing
1. A physical governmental intrusion to gather information OR…
1. Did D have a subjective expectation ... 2. Is the expectation…
- Knowingly Exposed to the public... -Curtilage vs. Open Fields…
Must have a possessory interest in the item seized / dwelling…
What is a search?
1. A physical governmental intrusion to gather information OR…
REOP
1. Did D have a subjective expectation ... 2. Is the expectation…
5 terms
Criminal Procedure
What can a police officer do after obs…
exceptions to the warrant requirement
consent to search warrant
Ohio v. Robinette
1. Arrest the driver: there is probable cause to believe the…
1. consent... 2. exigent circumstances... 3. hot pursuit
authority to search is no greater than that given by the cons…
An explicit indication from a detaining officer that the deta…
What can a police officer do after obs…
1. Arrest the driver: there is probable cause to believe the…
exceptions to the warrant requirement
1. consent... 2. exigent circumstances... 3. hot pursuit
90 terms
Criminal Procedure
Four global issues of search and seizu…
For the 4th amendment to apply, there…
Types of government agents
4th expressly protects individuals fro…
1. Whether a search and seizure is governed by the 4th Amendm…
1. Was the search executed by a government agent?... 2. Was the…
1. Publicly paid police on or off duty... 2. Private citizens if…
1. Persons... 2. Houses (including curtilage)... 3. Papers... 4. Effects
Four global issues of search and seizu…
1. Whether a search and seizure is governed by the 4th Amendm…
For the 4th amendment to apply, there…
1. Was the search executed by a government agent?... 2. Was the…
47 terms
Criminal Procedure
Fourth Amendment rights (generally)
Fifth Amendment rights
Sixth Amendment rights
Eighth Amendment rights
- Prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures... - Ex…
- Privilege against compulsory self-incrimination... - Prohibiti…
- Speedy trial... - Trial by jury... - Public trial... - Right to conf…
- Prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment... • Death p…
Fourth Amendment rights (generally)
- Prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures... - Ex…
Fifth Amendment rights
- Privilege against compulsory self-incrimination... - Prohibiti…
Criminal Procedure
Five Things to Know for Criminal Proce…
What is the main requirement for const…
What examples of governmental conduct?
What is the IL rule of limited lockste…
1. Focus your studies on the 4th Am. and exceptions to the wa…
Govt Action... EXC1: Private Person acting as a govt agent... a. Ca…
Ex. publicly paid police, private person directed by police,…
R: Due to the fact Illinois Search and Seizure Clause is near…
Five Things to Know for Criminal Proce…
1. Focus your studies on the 4th Am. and exceptions to the wa…
What is the main requirement for const…
Govt Action... EXC1: Private Person acting as a govt agent... a. Ca…
103 terms
CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
What are the four dimensions of a poli…
What are the four key rights in the 1s…
Which Amendment protects against unrea…
What article in Massachusetts goes alo…
Law, Tactics, Relationships, Official Communication
S.P.A.R. Speech, Press, Assembly, Religion
4th Amendment
Article 14 or Article XlV
What are the four dimensions of a poli…
Law, Tactics, Relationships, Official Communication
What are the four key rights in the 1s…
S.P.A.R. Speech, Press, Assembly, Religion
Criminal Procedure
4th Amendment Framework
What is a search? (Katz)
Search (Jones)
Searches - Fields
(1) Was there a search or seizure?... (2) Was it constitutional/…
(1) Is there a subjective expectation to privacy?; and... (2) Do…
A search occurs when the government physically occupies a pro…
No REP because an open field is not a person, house, paper or…
4th Amendment Framework
(1) Was there a search or seizure?... (2) Was it constitutional/…
What is a search? (Katz)
(1) Is there a subjective expectation to privacy?; and... (2) Do…
Criminal Procedure
Four Global Issues Search and Seizure
I. Whether the Search or Seizure is Go…
1) Was the search or seizure executed…
2) Was the search or seizure of an are…
1) Whether a search or seizure is governed by the 4th Amendme…
1) Was the search or seizure executed by a government agent?…
- publicly paid police, on or off duty... - private citizens if…
4th Amendment expressly protects individuals from unreasonabl…
Four Global Issues Search and Seizure
1) Whether a search or seizure is governed by the 4th Amendme…
I. Whether the Search or Seizure is Go…
1) Was the search or seizure executed by a government agent?…
34 terms
Criminal Procedure
FP Doctrine and Miranda
5 Ways Government Can Get Around Exclu…
The Fourth Amendment
6 exceptions to the warrant requirement
FP doctrine does not apply to Miranda violations unless the p…
(1) independent source, (2) inevitable discovery, (3) interve…
Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures.
(1) search incident to arrest, (2) automobile exception, (3)…
FP Doctrine and Miranda
FP doctrine does not apply to Miranda violations unless the p…
5 Ways Government Can Get Around Exclu…
(1) independent source, (2) inevitable discovery, (3) interve…
40 terms
Criminal Procedure
Seizure
Stop & Frisk / Terry Stop
Arrest
3 Requirements for an Arrest Warrant
Occurs whenever an officer, by means of physical force or sho…
An officer can stop an individual when the officer has reason…
Requires that there is probable cause to believe that the arr…
1) Issued by a neutral and detached magistrate... 2) Based on a…
Seizure
Occurs whenever an officer, by means of physical force or sho…
Stop & Frisk / Terry Stop
An officer can stop an individual when the officer has reason…
Criminal Procedure
What is the lesson from *Weeks v. Unit…
What is the lesson from *Mapp v. Ohio…
What is the lesson from *Katz v. Unite…
What is the lesson from *United States…
*EXCLUSIONARY RULE (for Federal Government): Items taken by a…
Forces Exclusionary Rule on States!... *Evidence obtained thr…
*"What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his…
*The Fourth Amendment right against unreasonable searches and…
What is the lesson from *Weeks v. Unit…
*EXCLUSIONARY RULE (for Federal Government): Items taken by a…
What is the lesson from *Mapp v. Ohio…
Forces Exclusionary Rule on States!... *Evidence obtained thr…
154 terms
Criminal Procedure
I. What is Definition of SDP
II. What is Incorporation
What is Selective Incorporation
What is the list of incorporated rights?
• There are practices or actions the state cannot take regard…
• A specific procedural guarantee (constitutional right or re…
• If essential to "our" "Ordered Liberty," then right is "fun…
• 1st Amendment (Establishment Clause, Free exercise clause,…
I. What is Definition of SDP
• There are practices or actions the state cannot take regard…
II. What is Incorporation
• A specific procedural guarantee (constitutional right or re…
Criminal Procedure
Ways for government to break the chain…
An arrest must be based on...
Investigatory detentions (Terry stops)
Automobile stops
1. Government can show it had an independent source for that…
...probable cause
Police have the authority to briefly detain a person even if…
Police may stop a car if they have at least reasonable suspic…
Ways for government to break the chain…
1. Government can show it had an independent source for that…
An arrest must be based on...
...probable cause
93 terms
Criminal Procedure
1. If defendant skips bail, ECT. Who d…
2. After a preliminary hearing but bef…
3. What must an officer have to conduc…
4. The officer must have reasonable su…
Bail Authority
Pre Trail Screening
Reasonable suspicion
Investigatory detention
1. If defendant skips bail, ECT. Who d…
Bail Authority
2. After a preliminary hearing but bef…
Pre Trail Screening
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