Study sets matching "criminology"

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Study sets matching "criminology"

436 terms
Criminology
Individual Level Theories
Structural Level Theories
Contemporary Theories
Classical School
Theories that imply that crime is caused by an individuals ci…
Theories that imply that people are passive,that social struc…
Theories that are currently used.
Founded by Cesare Beccaria. ... Believes that people have free w…
Individual Level Theories
Theories that imply that crime is caused by an individuals ci…
Structural Level Theories
Theories that imply that people are passive,that social struc…
70 terms
Criminology
Criminology
Criminologist
Mens Rea
Felonies
the study of crime, criminals and criminal behavior
study the nature and extent of crime,patterns and explanation…
guilty mind
More than a year and a day in prison
Criminology
the study of crime, criminals and criminal behavior
Criminologist
study the nature and extent of crime,patterns and explanation…
35 terms
Criminology
Who were the main influences for the c…
What were the basic ideas representing…
What was not the perspective of the cl…
What ideas of human nature represented…
Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832): ... Cesare Beccaria (1738-1794):
Humans are free-willed and rational. ... Utilitarianism (greates…
Did not give rise to theories of criminal behavior.
rationality, hedonism, and deterrence
Who were the main influences for the c…
Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832): ... Cesare Beccaria (1738-1794):
What were the basic ideas representing…
Humans are free-willed and rational. ... Utilitarianism (greates…
92 terms
Criminology
The labeling process
Secondary Deviance
Differential Association Theory
Neutralization Theory
A norm violation or crime that comes to the attention of sign…
people learn to commit crime from exposure and anti social de…
Youth learn ways of neutralizing moral restraints and periodi…
The labeling process
Secondary Deviance
A norm violation or crime that comes to the attention of sign…
Criminology
Four definitional perspectives
Legalistic perspective
Sociological perspective
Political perspective
Legal, Political, Sociological, Pyschological
human conduct in violation of the criminal laws of a state, f…
an antisocial act of such a nature that its repression is nec…
built into the law by powerful groups and are then used to la…
Four definitional perspectives
Legal, Political, Sociological, Pyschological
Legalistic perspective
human conduct in violation of the criminal laws of a state, f…
Criminology
Individual Level Theories
Structural Level Theories
Contemporary Theories
Classical School
Theories that imply that crime is caused by an individuals ci…
Theories that imply that people are passive,that social struc…
Theories that are currently used.
Founded by Cesare Beccaria. ... Believes that people have free w…
Individual Level Theories
Theories that imply that crime is caused by an individuals ci…
Structural Level Theories
Theories that imply that people are passive,that social struc…
Criminology
Theory
Theories of Law and Criminal Justice
Theories of Criminal and Deviant Behav…
Macro/Structural theories of crime... Ex.?
Logical relationship between two or more variables
Why are some actions considered to be legal/illegal?
Why is it that people commit crime and why do some people cho…
Theory that looks at circumstance that lead to crime. Fall un…
Theory
Logical relationship between two or more variables
Theories of Law and Criminal Justice
Why are some actions considered to be legal/illegal?
Criminology
what is criminology?
what is crime?
Deviance versus Crime
Consensus view
Criminology: the scientific study of the nature, extent, caus…
Crime is a violation of societal rules of behavior as interpr…
Deviance... Criminologists use the... term deviance to... describe beh…
Lawmaking is necessary to produce a system of laws and enforc…
what is criminology?
Criminology: the scientific study of the nature, extent, caus…
what is crime?
Crime is a violation of societal rules of behavior as interpr…
113 terms
Criminology
Edwin Sutherland
Law making
Law breaking
criminal justice
The scientific studying of law making, law breaking, and resp…
how laws are created/changed
nature/extent of crime
the study of agencies related to the control of crimes
Edwin Sutherland
The scientific studying of law making, law breaking, and resp…
Law making
how laws are created/changed
criminology
criminologist
criminalist
criminal justice professionals.
criminology
is an individual who studies crime and criminals.
is someone who collects and examines evidence in actual crimes.
finger prints and ballistic experts
is the scientific study of crime.
criminologist
is an individual who studies crime and criminals.
criminalist
is someone who collects and examines evidence in actual crimes.
Criminology
Crime
Deviant Behaviors
Consensus Perspective
Pluralist Perspective
human conduct in violation of laws
human activity that violates social norms
an analytical perspective on social organization that holds t…
an analytical approach to social organization that holds that…
Crime
human conduct in violation of laws
Deviant Behaviors
human activity that violates social norms
Criminology
Civil Law
Criminal Law
Authoritarian Law
Substantive Law
The system of law concerned with private relations between me…
A system of law concerned with the punishment of those who co…
The enforcement or advocacy of strict obedience to authority…
The set of laws that governs how members of a society are to…
Civil Law
The system of law concerned with private relations between me…
Criminal Law
A system of law concerned with the punishment of those who co…
Criminology
Theory
Theories of Law and Criminal Justice
Theories of Criminal and Deviant Behav…
Macro/Structural theories of crime... Ex.?
Logical relationship between two or more variables
Why are some actions considered to be legal/illegal?
Why is it that people commit crime and why do some people cho…
Theory that looks at circumstance that lead to crime. Fall un…
Theory
Logical relationship between two or more variables
Theories of Law and Criminal Justice
Why are some actions considered to be legal/illegal?
45 terms
Criminology
Strain Theory
Differential Opportunity
Social Learning Theory
Social Control Theory
Crime is a function of the conflict between the goals people…
which states that people in all strata of society share the s…
people learn the techniques and attitudes of crime from close…
maintains that everyone has the potent ions to become a crimi…
Strain Theory
Crime is a function of the conflict between the goals people…
Differential Opportunity
which states that people in all strata of society share the s…
38 terms
Criminology
Deviance
Crime
Ingredients of Crime
Consensus Model of Crime
behavior that violates social norms, including laws... ~ Not all…
an intentional act, in violation of the criminal law, committ…
Act (Conscious interaction between the mind and body)... Legalit…
View Society as a stable entity in which laws are created for…
Deviance
behavior that violates social norms, including laws... ~ Not all…
Crime
an intentional act, in violation of the criminal law, committ…
436 terms
Criminology
Individual Level Theories
Structural Level Theories
Contemporary Theories
Classical School
Theories that imply that crime is caused by an individuals ci…
Theories that imply that people are passive,that social struc…
Theories that are currently used.
Founded by Cesare Beccaria. ... Believes that people have free w…
Individual Level Theories
Theories that imply that crime is caused by an individuals ci…
Structural Level Theories
Theories that imply that people are passive,that social struc…
Criminology
classical school... (structural)
positivism... (consensus)
chicago school
social disorganization
beccaria & bentham, 1740s-1800... focus on definitions of crime…
scientists & mathematicians... behavior is determined by biologi…
1892 development of school of soc.... behavior is developed and…
crime is more likely in an area that is socially disorganized…
classical school... (structural)
beccaria & bentham, 1740s-1800... focus on definitions of crime…
positivism... (consensus)
scientists & mathematicians... behavior is determined by biologi…
39 terms
Criminology
criminology
adolescent
anti-social behaviour
deviance
the study of crime
Teenager
Behaviour that is disruptive or harmful to the well-being, fu…
Behavior that violates the standards of conduct or expectatio…
criminology
the study of crime
adolescent
Teenager
32 terms
Criminology
Nature v. Nurture
NGRI Defense
Exchange Theory
Freudian Theory
Whether criminality is explained by genetics or environment
Not guilty by reason of insanity
Individuals perceive the meaning of their activity through th…
The human personality is made up of 3 parts: Id, the natural,…
Nature v. Nurture
Whether criminality is explained by genetics or environment
NGRI Defense
Not guilty by reason of insanity
84 terms
Criminology
3 Criminology Perspectives on Crime
Violent crimes
Property crimes
Internal validity
1. Classical... a. People are rational... b. People have free wil…
• Murder... • Aggravated assult... Robbery
• Burglary ... • Theft... Motor vehicle theft
the degree to which you can be sure that one variable cause a…
3 Criminology Perspectives on Crime
1. Classical... a. People are rational... b. People have free wil…
Violent crimes
• Murder... • Aggravated assult... Robbery
23 terms
Criminology
What perceptions regarding crime do we…
crime myth
sociological criminology
structural criminology
1/3 of the media shows crime. The media focuses on street cri…
False beliefs about crime. affects perceptions of African Ame…
Emphasizes the social roots of crimes... emphasizes role of comm…
concern the social and physical characteristics of locations…
What perceptions regarding crime do we…
1/3 of the media shows crime. The media focuses on street cri…
crime myth
False beliefs about crime. affects perceptions of African Ame…
53 terms
Criminology
Can Enterprise crime involve violence?
Describe White Collar Crime.
Describe Green Collar Crime
Defining White Collar Crime
Yes, Enterprise violence annually kills and injures more peop…
White collar crime involves illegal activities of people and…
Green collar criminology is concerned with the study of envir…
Examples of white-collar crime includes tax evation, credit c…
Can Enterprise crime involve violence?
Yes, Enterprise violence annually kills and injures more peop…
Describe White Collar Crime.
White collar crime involves illegal activities of people and…
13 terms
Criminology
criminology
Interdisciplinary
Utilitarianism
Criminological enterprise
the scientific study of the nature, extent, cause, and contro…
involving two or more academic fields
the view that people's behavior is motivated by the pursuit o…
the various sub-areas included within the scholarly disciplin…
criminology
the scientific study of the nature, extent, cause, and contro…
Interdisciplinary
involving two or more academic fields
Criminology
Judicial Interim Release Bail Hearing
How long can a person be detained with…
Arraignment
Role of Defence
Crown makes argument to Judge or JP as to why the accused sho…
3 months
Charges are read and accused enters a plea
Ensure the rights of accused are protected, negotiate plea ou…
Judicial Interim Release Bail Hearing
Crown makes argument to Judge or JP as to why the accused sho…
How long can a person be detained with…
3 months
Criminology
Criminology
Criminalistics
Victimology
Auguste Comte
the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior.
(the scientific evaluation of physical evidence
(the study of victims).
French sociologist Auguste Comte (1798-1857) viewed the progr…
Criminology
the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior.
Criminalistics
(the scientific evaluation of physical evidence
75 terms
CRIMINOLOGY
Social Process theory
Social learning theory
Social control theory
Social reaction (labeling) theory
the view that criminality is a function of people's interacti…
the view that people learn the techniques and attitudes of cr…
the view that everyone has the potential to become a criminal…
the view that people become criminals when significant member…
Social Process theory
the view that criminality is a function of people's interacti…
Social learning theory
the view that people learn the techniques and attitudes of cr…
criminology
intermediate sanctions
continuum of sanctions
day fines
forfeiture
variety of punishment that are more restrictive
range of correctional management strategies
based on amount of income an offender makes in a day
government seizure of property and other assets used in crimi…
intermediate sanctions
variety of punishment that are more restrictive
continuum of sanctions
range of correctional management strategies
Criminology
Rational Choice Theory (main point)
Rational Choice Theory (RCT)
Critiques of RCT
Rational Choice and Life Changes
Crime occurs when benefits of crime outweigh the cost
1. Humans are hedonistic beings... -pleasure seeking, completely…
1. Assumes people are rational... -people are intuitive and impu…
Equal freedom... -ability to choose and given good choice... -every…
Rational Choice Theory (main point)
Crime occurs when benefits of crime outweigh the cost
Rational Choice Theory (RCT)
1. Humans are hedonistic beings... -pleasure seeking, completely…
Criminology
criminology
valid measure
reliable measure
victim precipitated homicide
the scientific study of the nature, extent, cause and control…
a measure that actually measures what it purports to measure,…
a measure that produces consistent results from one measureme…
refers to those killings in which the victim is a direct, pos…
criminology
the scientific study of the nature, extent, cause and control…
valid measure
a measure that actually measures what it purports to measure,…
criminology
Crime
Consensus view
Conflict view
Interactionist view
a violation of societal rules of behavior as expressed by law…
law defines crime,applys to all equally
the law is used to control the underclass
Acts become crime because society defines them that way.
Crime
a violation of societal rules of behavior as expressed by law…
Consensus view
law defines crime,applys to all equally
27 terms
Criminology
Crime
Criminalize
Consensus perspective
Pluralist perspective
Human conduct that violates the criminal laws of a state, the…
Make a form of behavior illegal
Laws should be enacted to criminalize given forms of behavior…
Recognizes importance of diversity in our society and states…
Crime
Human conduct that violates the criminal laws of a state, the…
Criminalize
Make a form of behavior illegal
Criminology
According to Edwin Sutherland and Dona…
Most people feel that mass murder is w…
Crime and the Media... Most of the crime…
According to this approach, laws repre…
Is a body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon…
The degree of consensus that an act is wrong.
Most of the crime that occurs is property crime, while the mo…
Consensus
According to Edwin Sutherland and Dona…
Is a body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon…
Most people feel that mass murder is w…
The degree of consensus that an act is wrong.
36 terms
Criminology
NIBRS
UCR
Felony
Local Time
National Incident Based Reporting System
Uniformed Crime Report
a crime, typically one involving violence, regarded as more s…
little crimes
NIBRS
National Incident Based Reporting System
UCR
Uniformed Crime Report
32 terms
Criminology
Classical and positivist
Classical
Positivist
Crime
What two types of school of thought?
Which school has free will and make punishment for crimes
Which school has human behavior a product of what happened to…
What is defined by statutes and case laws?
Classical and positivist
What two types of school of thought?
Classical
Which school has free will and make punishment for crimes
Criminology
Amateur Criminals
Professional (property) criminals
Burglary: Popular Perceptions, definit…
Three Categories of Burglary
"opportunistic" or "occasional criminals"; mostly teenagers o…
older, skilled, planned/ premeditation; profits secured from…
While some cases of burglary conjures a picture of a solitary…
Low level burglars ... Middle- Range... High level burglars: Most s…
Amateur Criminals
"opportunistic" or "occasional criminals"; mostly teenagers o…
Professional (property) criminals
older, skilled, planned/ premeditation; profits secured from…
143 terms
Criminology
emile durkheim
robert merton
most common mode of adaptation, indivi…
typical criminal mode of adaptation, i…
structural functionalist perspective, anomie
strain theory, modes of adaptation
conformity
innovation
emile durkheim
structural functionalist perspective, anomie
robert merton
strain theory, modes of adaptation
41 terms
Criminology
experiential reality
agreement reality
disadvantages of the source being "me"
tradition
things we know from personal/vicarious experiences
things we know because experts (those with broader knowledge)…
less objectivity, small sample size, ignorance to certain rea…
things everyone knows and accepts... avoids starting from scratc…
experiential reality
things we know from personal/vicarious experiences
agreement reality
things we know because experts (those with broader knowledge)…
13 terms
Criminology
Age as a correlate of criminal behaviour
Gender as a correlate of crime
role convergence hypothesis
Early theories... (Lombroso/Ferero, Thoma…
-young people are disproportionately represented in crime gen…
-females are less likely to be charged with criminal offences
the hypothesis that as the work roles of women become similar…
Women's "inherent nature" and their natural inferiority to me…
Age as a correlate of criminal behaviour
-young people are disproportionately represented in crime gen…
Gender as a correlate of crime
-females are less likely to be charged with criminal offences
Criminology
Deviance
Crime
Conflict Model of Crime
Consensus Model of Crime
Behavior that violates social norms, including laws
An intentional act, in violation of the criminal law, committ…
The more economically stratified a society becomes, the more…
View society as a stable entity in which laws are created for…
Deviance
Behavior that violates social norms, including laws
Crime
An intentional act, in violation of the criminal law, committ…
Criminology
Civil vs. Criminal
4 Elements
Crimes
Degrees of Murder
Civil- People - person vs. co. state -Proof- by the preponder…
1. Prohibited Act... 2. Intent ... 3. Concurrence (1+2)... 4. Causatio…
Homicide/Murder ... Felony Murder... Voluntary Manslaughter ... Involu…
1st Degree... A. Premeditated ... B. Deliberate ... C. Malice of Foret…
Civil vs. Criminal
Civil- People - person vs. co. state -Proof- by the preponder…
4 Elements
1. Prohibited Act... 2. Intent ... 3. Concurrence (1+2)... 4. Causatio…
56 terms
Criminology
Aging-out phenomenon
Birth cohort
Case study
Crimes against property
A concept that holds that offenders commit less crime as they…
A group consisting of all individuals born in the same year
An analysis of all pertinent aspects of one unit of study
Crimes involving the illegal acquisition or destruction of pr…
Aging-out phenomenon
A concept that holds that offenders commit less crime as they…
Birth cohort
A group consisting of all individuals born in the same year
Criminology
deviance
informal social control
antisocial control
crime
any behavoir that departs from what is considered a norm. the…
occurs when people who know eachother personally tell each ot…
captures the fact that deviance does harm to people. ex: a pe…
is an extreme form of antisocial behavior or an extreme form…
deviance
any behavoir that departs from what is considered a norm. the…
informal social control
occurs when people who know eachother personally tell each ot…
23 terms
Criminology
criminology
scientific method
criminologists
criminal justice
the scientific study of the nature, extent, cause, and contro…
formulating a problem, creating a hypothesis, and collecting…
researchers who use scientific methods to study the nature, e…
field of study that focuses on law enforcement, legal system,…
criminology
the scientific study of the nature, extent, cause, and contro…
scientific method
formulating a problem, creating a hypothesis, and collecting…
Criminology
Neo-Marxism
The Punitive Turn
Relative Deprivation
Critical Race Theory
Associates with thinking of critical criminologists Ian Taylo…
Refers to the move away from correctional treatment-rehabilit…
A concept used by left realists (recent branch of critical cr…
Theory has deconstructed ideas of race as "biological". Argue…
Neo-Marxism
Associates with thinking of critical criminologists Ian Taylo…
The Punitive Turn
Refers to the move away from correctional treatment-rehabilit…
12 terms
Criminology
On the whole, gender theories can be d…
Traditional male-centered approaches t…
With respect to delinquency, the criti…
Which feminist perspective argues that…
Classical
Androcentric
The birth order of boys and girls in the family
Liberal Feminst
On the whole, gender theories can be d…
Classical
Traditional male-centered approaches t…
Androcentric
Criminology
Deviance
Prescriptive (norm)
Proscriptive(norm)
crime
human activity that violates social norms
what we can do
what we can't do
human conduct and violation of criminal laws of a state, fede…
Deviance
human activity that violates social norms
Prescriptive (norm)
what we can do
27 terms
Criminology
norm
mala in se
consensus perspective
conflict perspective
Acceptable standards of behavior within a group that are shar…
Part of the two types of criminal laws. Bad in of themselves,…
A view of crime that sees laws as the product of social agree…
A sociological approach that assumes that social behavior is…
norm
Acceptable standards of behavior within a group that are shar…
mala in se
Part of the two types of criminal laws. Bad in of themselves,…
criminology
criminology
Deviant behavior
Classical criminology
Socialization
An academic discipline that uses the scientific method to stu…
Actions that depart from the social norm. Some are considered…
Theoretical perspective suggesting that people choose to comm…
process of human development and enculturation. Is influenced…
criminology
An academic discipline that uses the scientific method to stu…
Deviant behavior
Actions that depart from the social norm. Some are considered…
Criminology
Constrained Vision
Correlates
Crime
Criminality
Views human activities as constrained by an innate human natu…
Factors that are linked or related to the phenomenon a scient…
An intentional act in violation of the criminal law committed…
A trait that signals the willingness to use force, fraud, or…
Constrained Vision
Views human activities as constrained by an innate human natu…
Correlates
Factors that are linked or related to the phenomenon a scient…
Criminology
Explotation
Shoplifting
Clean water act
Booster
Services that are taken from you that you are supposed to have
Taking goods from retail stores without permission
Act to protect people from contaminated water
Someone who steals things to then sell them again later
Explotation
Services that are taken from you that you are supposed to have
Shoplifting
Taking goods from retail stores without permission
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