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Study sets matching "criminology"

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Study sets matching "criminology"

436 terms
Criminology
Individual Level Theories
Structural Level Theories
Contemporary Theories
Classical School
Theories that imply that crime is caused by an individuals ci…
Theories that imply that people are passive,that social struc…
Theories that are currently used.
Founded by Cesare Beccaria. ... Believes that people have free w…
Individual Level Theories
Theories that imply that crime is caused by an individuals ci…
Structural Level Theories
Theories that imply that people are passive,that social struc…
70 terms
Criminology
Criminology
Criminologist
Mens Rea
Felonies
the study of crime, criminals and criminal behavior
study the nature and extent of crime,patterns and explanation…
guilty mind
More than a year and a day in prison
Criminology
the study of crime, criminals and criminal behavior
Criminologist
study the nature and extent of crime,patterns and explanation…
35 terms
Criminology
Who were the main influences for the c…
What were the basic ideas representing…
What was not the perspective of the cl…
What ideas of human nature represented…
Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832): ... Cesare Beccaria (1738-1794):
Humans are free-willed and rational. ... Utilitarianism (greates…
Did not give rise to theories of criminal behavior.
rationality, hedonism, and deterrence
Who were the main influences for the c…
Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832): ... Cesare Beccaria (1738-1794):
What were the basic ideas representing…
Humans are free-willed and rational. ... Utilitarianism (greates…
82 terms
Criminology
Four definitional perspectives
Legalistic perspective
Sociological perspective
Political perspective
Legal, Political, Sociological, Pyschological
human conduct in violation of the criminal laws of a state, f…
an antisocial act of such a nature that its repression is nec…
built into the law by powerful groups and are then used to la…
Four definitional perspectives
Legal, Political, Sociological, Pyschological
Legalistic perspective
human conduct in violation of the criminal laws of a state, f…
92 terms
Criminology
The labeling process
Secondary Deviance
Differential Association Theory
Neutralization Theory
A norm violation or crime that comes to the attention of sign…
people learn to commit crime from exposure and anti social de…
Youth learn ways of neutralizing moral restraints and periodi…
The labeling process
Secondary Deviance
A norm violation or crime that comes to the attention of sign…
29 terms
Criminology
classical school... (structural)
positivism... (consensus)
chicago school
social disorganization
beccaria & bentham, 1740s-1800... focus on definitions of crime…
scientists & mathematicians... behavior is determined by biologi…
1892 development of school of soc.... behavior is developed and…
crime is more likely in an area that is socially disorganized…
classical school... (structural)
beccaria & bentham, 1740s-1800... focus on definitions of crime…
positivism... (consensus)
scientists & mathematicians... behavior is determined by biologi…
39 terms
Criminology
criminology
adolescent
anti-social behaviour
deviance
the study of crime
Teenager
Behaviour that is disruptive or harmful to the well-being, fu…
Behavior that violates the standards of conduct or expectatio…
criminology
the study of crime
adolescent
Teenager
32 terms
Criminology
Nature v. Nurture
NGRI Defense
Exchange Theory
Freudian Theory
Whether criminality is explained by genetics or environment
Not guilty by reason of insanity
Individuals perceive the meaning of their activity through th…
The human personality is made up of 3 parts: Id, the natural,…
Nature v. Nurture
Whether criminality is explained by genetics or environment
NGRI Defense
Not guilty by reason of insanity
20 terms
Criminology
criminology
footprints
law
track
kryminalistyka
odciski stóp
prawo
ślad
criminology
kryminalistyka
footprints
odciski stóp
23 terms
Criminology
What perceptions regarding crime do we…
crime myth
sociological criminology
structural criminology
1/3 of the media shows crime. The media focuses on street cri…
False beliefs about crime. affects perceptions of African Ame…
Emphasizes the social roots of crimes... emphasizes role of comm…
concern the social and physical characteristics of locations…
What perceptions regarding crime do we…
1/3 of the media shows crime. The media focuses on street cri…
crime myth
False beliefs about crime. affects perceptions of African Ame…
21 terms
Criminology
Individual Level Theories
Structural Level Theories
Contemporary Theories
Classical School
Theories that imply that crime is caused by an individuals ci…
Theories that imply that people are passive,that social struc…
Theories that are currently used.
Founded by Cesare Beccaria. ... Believes that people have free w…
Individual Level Theories
Theories that imply that crime is caused by an individuals ci…
Structural Level Theories
Theories that imply that people are passive,that social struc…
53 terms
Criminology
Can Enterprise crime involve violence?
Describe White Collar Crime.
Describe Green Collar Crime
Defining White Collar Crime
Yes, Enterprise violence annually kills and injures more peop…
White collar crime involves illegal activities of people and…
Green collar criminology is concerned with the study of envir…
Examples of white-collar crime includes tax evation, credit c…
Can Enterprise crime involve violence?
Yes, Enterprise violence annually kills and injures more peop…
Describe White Collar Crime.
White collar crime involves illegal activities of people and…
113 terms
Criminology
Edwin Sutherland
Law making
Law breaking
criminal justice
The scientific studying of law making, law breaking, and resp…
how laws are created/changed
nature/extent of crime
the study of agencies related to the control of crimes
Edwin Sutherland
The scientific studying of law making, law breaking, and resp…
Law making
how laws are created/changed
86 terms
Criminology
what is criminology?
what is crime?
Deviance versus Crime
Consensus view
Criminology: the scientific study of the nature, extent, caus…
Crime is a violation of societal rules of behavior as interpr…
Deviance... Criminologists use the... term deviance to... describe beh…
Lawmaking is necessary to produce a system of laws and enforc…
what is criminology?
Criminology: the scientific study of the nature, extent, caus…
what is crime?
Crime is a violation of societal rules of behavior as interpr…
70 terms
Criminology
Occasional criminals
Situational inducement
Professional criminals
Larceny/Theft
offenders who do not define themselves by a criminal role or…
short term influence on a person's behavior, such as financia…
offenders who make a significant portion of their income from…
one who takes someone else's property for their own use
Occasional criminals
offenders who do not define themselves by a criminal role or…
Situational inducement
short term influence on a person's behavior, such as financia…
113 terms
Criminology
Theory
Theories of Law and Criminal Justice
Theories of Criminal and Deviant Behav…
Macro/Structural theories of crime... Ex.?
Logical relationship between two or more variables
Why are some actions considered to be legal/illegal?
Why is it that people commit crime and why do some people cho…
Theory that looks at circumstance that lead to crime. Fall un…
Theory
Logical relationship between two or more variables
Theories of Law and Criminal Justice
Why are some actions considered to be legal/illegal?
14 terms
criminology
criminologist
criminalist
criminal justice professionals.
criminology
is an individual who studies crime and criminals.
is someone who collects and examines evidence in actual crimes.
finger prints and ballistic experts
is the scientific study of crime.
criminologist
is an individual who studies crime and criminals.
criminalist
is someone who collects and examines evidence in actual crimes.
11 terms
Criminology
Crime
Deviant Behaviors
Consensus Perspective
Pluralist Perspective
human conduct in violation of laws
human activity that violates social norms
an analytical perspective on social organization that holds t…
an analytical approach to social organization that holds that…
Crime
human conduct in violation of laws
Deviant Behaviors
human activity that violates social norms
113 terms
Criminology
Theory
Theories of Law and Criminal Justice
Theories of Criminal and Deviant Behav…
Macro/Structural theories of crime... Ex.?
Logical relationship between two or more variables
Why are some actions considered to be legal/illegal?
Why is it that people commit crime and why do some people cho…
Theory that looks at circumstance that lead to crime. Fall un…
Theory
Logical relationship between two or more variables
Theories of Law and Criminal Justice
Why are some actions considered to be legal/illegal?
45 terms
Criminology
Strain Theory
Differential Opportunity
Social Learning Theory
Social Control Theory
Crime is a function of the conflict between the goals people…
which states that people in all strata of society share the s…
people learn the techniques and attitudes of crime from close…
maintains that everyone has the potent ions to become a crimi…
Strain Theory
Crime is a function of the conflict between the goals people…
Differential Opportunity
which states that people in all strata of society share the s…
38 terms
Criminology
Deviance
Crime
Ingredients of Crime
Consensus Model of Crime
behavior that violates social norms, including laws... ~ Not all…
an intentional act, in violation of the criminal law, committ…
Act (Conscious interaction between the mind and body)... Legalit…
View Society as a stable entity in which laws are created for…
Deviance
behavior that violates social norms, including laws... ~ Not all…
Crime
an intentional act, in violation of the criminal law, committ…
13 terms
Criminology
criminology
Interdisciplinary
Utilitarianism
Criminological enterprise
the scientific study of the nature, extent, cause, and contro…
involving two or more academic fields
the view that people's behavior is motivated by the pursuit o…
the various sub-areas included within the scholarly disciplin…
criminology
the scientific study of the nature, extent, cause, and contro…
Interdisciplinary
involving two or more academic fields
84 terms
Criminology
3 Criminology Perspectives on Crime
Violent crimes
Property crimes
Internal validity
1. Classical... a. People are rational... b. People have free wil…
• Murder... • Aggravated assult... Robbery
• Burglary ... • Theft... Motor vehicle theft
the degree to which you can be sure that one variable cause a…
3 Criminology Perspectives on Crime
1. Classical... a. People are rational... b. People have free wil…
Violent crimes
• Murder... • Aggravated assult... Robbery
34 terms
Criminology
Social Proces Theories
Social Structure Theories
Connection between Social Disorganizat…
Chicago School of Criminology
These thories are all based on the ASSUMPTIONS that everyone…
Start from the premise that crimes results end product of var…
R. Park and E. Burgess... -linked the structure and organization…
did a study that associates crimes with urban "Transition Zon…
Social Proces Theories
These thories are all based on the ASSUMPTIONS that everyone…
Social Structure Theories
Start from the premise that crimes results end product of var…
436 terms
Criminology
Individual Level Theories
Structural Level Theories
Contemporary Theories
Classical School
Theories that imply that crime is caused by an individuals ci…
Theories that imply that people are passive,that social struc…
Theories that are currently used.
Founded by Cesare Beccaria. ... Believes that people have free w…
Individual Level Theories
Theories that imply that crime is caused by an individuals ci…
Structural Level Theories
Theories that imply that people are passive,that social struc…
92 terms
Criminology
The labeling process
Secondary Deviance
Differential Association Theory
Neutralization Theory
A norm violation or crime that comes to the attention of sign…
people learn to commit crime from exposure and anti social de…
Youth learn ways of neutralizing moral restraints and periodi…
The labeling process
Secondary Deviance
A norm violation or crime that comes to the attention of sign…
10 terms
Criminology
Criminology
Criminalistics
Victimology
Auguste Comte
the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior.
(the scientific evaluation of physical evidence
(the study of victims).
French sociologist Auguste Comte (1798-1857) viewed the progr…
Criminology
the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior.
Criminalistics
(the scientific evaluation of physical evidence
10 terms
Criminology
Booking
Bond
Bail
Arraingment
formal process of making the police record of the arrest
A written promise to pay or forfeit money or perform some act…
the name for the amount of money a person can pay to be relea…
formal reading of the charges against a person
Booking
formal process of making the police record of the arrest
Bond
A written promise to pay or forfeit money or perform some act…
11 terms
Criminology
Investigation
Warrant
Arrest
Booking
تحقيق
مذكرة
اعتقال
حجز
Investigation
تحقيق
Warrant
مذكرة
47 terms
Criminology
Street Crime
Sociological Approach to Crime
Crime Statistics
Mass Media and Crime
criminal activity that happens in a public place, usually in…
1. The arguments, Rhetoric, and power of claims makers... 2. The…
Annual cost of crime is 1.7 Trillion dollars... - It is 4 times…
* Crime is a big seller in the mass media and consumes one-th…
Street Crime
criminal activity that happens in a public place, usually in…
Sociological Approach to Crime
1. The arguments, Rhetoric, and power of claims makers... 2. The…
30 terms
Criminology
criminology
sociological criminilogy
difference between criminology and cri…
mass media
multidisciplinary field of inquiry that involves theoretical…
the studying of criminology as a consequence of social relati…
criminology tends to focus on the phenomena of crime and crim…
an institutionalized system of communications that conveys in…
criminology
multidisciplinary field of inquiry that involves theoretical…
sociological criminilogy
the studying of criminology as a consequence of social relati…
31 terms
Criminology
1/2
theft under $5000
42
men are more likely to shop-lift
Canadian women experience at least one physical or sexual vio…
property crime that is most prevalent (widespread) in our soc…
percent of youth are charged with arson in Canada
FALSE
1/2
Canadian women experience at least one physical or sexual vio…
theft under $5000
property crime that is most prevalent (widespread) in our soc…
41 terms
Criminology
Criminology
social science
norms
deviance
the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior
major category of academic disciplines, concerned with societ…
prescribed rules of conduct
behavior that is outside the limits of societal toleration
Criminology
the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior
social science
major category of academic disciplines, concerned with societ…
75 terms
CRIMINOLOGY
Social Process theory
Social learning theory
Social control theory
Social reaction (labeling) theory
the view that criminality is a function of people's interacti…
the view that people learn the techniques and attitudes of cr…
the view that everyone has the potential to become a criminal…
the view that people become criminals when significant member…
Social Process theory
the view that criminality is a function of people's interacti…
Social learning theory
the view that people learn the techniques and attitudes of cr…
30 terms
criminology
intermediate sanctions
continuum of sanctions
day fines
forfeiture
variety of punishment that are more restrictive
range of correctional management strategies
based on amount of income an offender makes in a day
government seizure of property and other assets used in crimi…
intermediate sanctions
variety of punishment that are more restrictive
continuum of sanctions
range of correctional management strategies
229 terms
Criminology
To provide evidence
To grant amnesty
To search
To search
Провести доказательства
Амнистировать
Провести обыск
Обыскать
To provide evidence
Провести доказательства
To grant amnesty
Амнистировать
Criminology
Rational Choice Theory (main point)
Rational Choice Theory (RCT)
Critiques of RCT
Rational Choice and Life Changes
Crime occurs when benefits of crime outweigh the cost
1. Humans are hedonistic beings... -pleasure seeking, completely…
1. Assumes people are rational... -people are intuitive and impu…
Equal freedom... -ability to choose and given good choice... -every…
Rational Choice Theory (main point)
Crime occurs when benefits of crime outweigh the cost
Rational Choice Theory (RCT)
1. Humans are hedonistic beings... -pleasure seeking, completely…
criminology
• Stratified Society
• Social Structure Theory
Social Disorganization Theory
Strain Theory
people grouped according to economic or social class; charact…
the view that disadvantaged economic class position is a prim…
crime flourishes in a disorganized area in which institutions…
Branch of social structure theory that sees crime as a functi…
• Stratified Society
people grouped according to economic or social class; charact…
• Social Structure Theory
the view that disadvantaged economic class position is a prim…
88 terms
Criminology
According to Edwin Sutherland and Dona…
Most people feel that mass murder is w…
Crime and the Media... Most of the crime…
According to this approach, laws repre…
Is a body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon…
The degree of consensus that an act is wrong.
Most of the crime that occurs is property crime, while the mo…
Consensus
According to Edwin Sutherland and Dona…
Is a body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon…
Most people feel that mass murder is w…
The degree of consensus that an act is wrong.
27 terms
Criminology
Crime
Criminalize
Consensus perspective
Pluralist perspective
Human conduct that violates the criminal laws of a state, the…
Make a form of behavior illegal
Laws should be enacted to criminalize given forms of behavior…
Recognizes importance of diversity in our society and states…
Crime
Human conduct that violates the criminal laws of a state, the…
Criminalize
Make a form of behavior illegal
16 terms
Criminology
Amateur Criminals
Professional (property) criminals
Burglary: Popular Perceptions, definit…
Three Categories of Burglary
"opportunistic" or "occasional criminals"; mostly teenagers o…
older, skilled, planned/ premeditation; profits secured from…
While some cases of burglary conjures a picture of a solitary…
Low level burglars ... Middle- Range... High level burglars: Most s…
Amateur Criminals
"opportunistic" or "occasional criminals"; mostly teenagers o…
Professional (property) criminals
older, skilled, planned/ premeditation; profits secured from…
22 terms
criminology
Crime
Consensus view
Conflict view
Interactionist view
a violation of societal rules of behavior as expressed by law…
law defines crime,applys to all equally
the law is used to control the underclass
Acts become crime because society defines them that way.
Crime
a violation of societal rules of behavior as expressed by law…
Consensus view
law defines crime,applys to all equally
36 terms
Criminology
NIBRS
UCR
Felony
Local Time
National Incident Based Reporting System
Uniformed Crime Report
a crime, typically one involving violence, regarded as more s…
little crimes
NIBRS
National Incident Based Reporting System
UCR
Uniformed Crime Report
13 terms
Criminology
Age as a correlate of criminal behaviour
Gender as a correlate of crime
role convergence hypothesis
Early theories... (Lombroso/Ferero, Thoma…
-young people are disproportionately represented in crime gen…
-females are less likely to be charged with criminal offences
the hypothesis that as the work roles of women become similar…
Women's "inherent nature" and their natural inferiority to me…
Age as a correlate of criminal behaviour
-young people are disproportionately represented in crime gen…
Gender as a correlate of crime
-females are less likely to be charged with criminal offences
20 terms
Criminology
Civil vs. Criminal
4 Elements
Crimes
Degrees of Murder
Civil- People - person vs. co. state -Proof- by the preponder…
1. Prohibited Act... 2. Intent ... 3. Concurrence (1+2)... 4. Causatio…
Homicide/Murder ... Felony Murder... Voluntary Manslaughter ... Involu…
1st Degree... A. Premeditated ... B. Deliberate ... C. Malice of Foret…
Civil vs. Criminal
Civil- People - person vs. co. state -Proof- by the preponder…
4 Elements
1. Prohibited Act... 2. Intent ... 3. Concurrence (1+2)... 4. Causatio…
32 terms
Criminology
Classical and positivist
Classical
Positivist
Crime
What two types of school of thought?
Which school has free will and make punishment for crimes
Which school has human behavior a product of what happened to…
What is defined by statutes and case laws?
Classical and positivist
What two types of school of thought?
Classical
Which school has free will and make punishment for crimes
41 terms
Criminology
experiential reality
agreement reality
disadvantages of the source being "me"
tradition
things we know from personal/vicarious experiences
things we know because experts (those with broader knowledge)…
less objectivity, small sample size, ignorance to certain rea…
things everyone knows and accepts... avoids starting from scratc…
experiential reality
things we know from personal/vicarious experiences
agreement reality
things we know because experts (those with broader knowledge)…
37 terms
Criminology
criminology
interdisciplinary
criminal justice
criminological enterprise
the scientific study of the nature, extent, cause, and contro…
involving two or more academic fields
...system made up of the agencies of social control, such as…
the various subareas included within the scholarly discipline…
criminology
the scientific study of the nature, extent, cause, and contro…
interdisciplinary
involving two or more academic fields
50 terms
Criminology
Deviance
Crime
Conflict Model of Crime
Consensus Model of Crime
Behavior that violates social norms, including laws
An intentional act, in violation of the criminal law, committ…
The more economically stratified a society becomes, the more…
View society as a stable entity in which laws are created for…
Deviance
Behavior that violates social norms, including laws
Crime
An intentional act, in violation of the criminal law, committ…
Criminology
deviance
informal social control
antisocial control
crime
any behavoir that departs from what is considered a norm. the…
occurs when people who know eachother personally tell each ot…
captures the fact that deviance does harm to people. ex: a pe…
is an extreme form of antisocial behavior or an extreme form…
deviance
any behavoir that departs from what is considered a norm. the…
informal social control
occurs when people who know eachother personally tell each ot…
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