How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "critical care"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "critical care"

226 terms
Critical Care
Pink/moist
Pale
Blue
Red/injected
Normal
Vasoconstricting or bleeding
Lack of O2
Vasodilating
Pink/moist
Normal
Pale
Vasoconstricting or bleeding
247 terms
Critical Care
Pink/moist
Pale
Blue
Red/injected
Normal
Vasoconstricting or bleeding
Lack of O2
Vasodilating
Pink/moist
Normal
Pale
Vasoconstricting or bleeding
187 terms
Critical Care
Activation criteria for rapid response
Who is on the rapid response team?
Respiratory failure
Respiratory failure: causes
- HR <45 or >125... - Systolic BP <80 or >200... - Diastolic BP >11…
- ICU RN... - Respiratory therapist... - Administrator... - Physician…
Minimal or absent respiratory effort (lack of chest movement…
- PE... - Muscular dystrophy... - ALS... - Spinal cord injury... - Stroke…
Activation criteria for rapid response
- HR <45 or >125... - Systolic BP <80 or >200... - Diastolic BP >11…
Who is on the rapid response team?
- ICU RN... - Respiratory therapist... - Administrator... - Physician…
117 terms
Critical Care
*Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndro…
Stridor
[ABG]... _____ is an important indicator…
The respiratory system can fail to per…
Clinical Response to nonspecific insult... 1. Temperature > 38°…
inspiratory wheeze
metabolic acidosis
1. Hypoxemic respiratory failure... 2. Hypercapnia respiratory…
*Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndro…
Clinical Response to nonspecific insult... 1. Temperature > 38°…
Stridor
inspiratory wheeze
32 terms
Critical Care
Common Problems of Critical Care Patie…
Rapid Response Team
When should the Rapid Response Team be…
Respiratory Assessment
Anxiety for patient and family... High Mortality Rate... Environmen…
CCU Nurse... Respiratory Therapist... Critical Care MD
SUDDEN CHANGE in patients condition... - Change in RR... - Change…
FIRST PRIORITY... Vent Settings... ABGs... Breath Sounds, etc.
Common Problems of Critical Care Patie…
Anxiety for patient and family... High Mortality Rate... Environmen…
Rapid Response Team
CCU Nurse... Respiratory Therapist... Critical Care MD
77 terms
Dysrhythmias - Critical Care
P Wave... Represents time for the passag…
PR Interval... Measured from beginning o…
QRS Complex... Q wave: First negative (d…
R Wave... R wave: First positive (upward…
0.06-0.12... Disturbance in conduction within atria
0.12-0.20; 0.10 seconds is normal... Disturbance in conduction…
<0.03... MI may result in development of a pathologic Q wave th…
Not usually measured... tall R waves could indicate right ventr…
P Wave... Represents time for the passag…
0.06-0.12... Disturbance in conduction within atria
PR Interval... Measured from beginning o…
0.12-0.20; 0.10 seconds is normal... Disturbance in conduction…
16 terms
Critical Care
Hypovolemic shock
Distributive shock
Septic shock
SIRS
CO ↓, decreased tissue perfusion due to rapid volume/blood lo…
-Includes septic shock, neurogenic shock, anaphylacticc shock…
Infection that causes vessels to dilate and leak, causing hyp…
Two or more of criteria... -Temp>38 or <36... -HR>90... -RR>20 or PaCO…
Hypovolemic shock
CO ↓, decreased tissue perfusion due to rapid volume/blood lo…
Distributive shock
-Includes septic shock, neurogenic shock, anaphylacticc shock…
32 terms
Critical Care
Common Patient Problems in CC
What influences agitation
THINK mnemonic for causes of Delirium
Medications that can cause Delirium
-Immobility; Restraints, Devices - monitoring lines, catheter…
#1 - Pain... -Hypoxia... -Onset of Delirium... -Uremia... -Neurologic i…
T - Toxic situations (HF, Shock, Dehydration Medications -…
-Anticholinergics - atropine, diphenhydramine... -Cardiovascular…
Common Patient Problems in CC
-Immobility; Restraints, Devices - monitoring lines, catheter…
What influences agitation
#1 - Pain... -Hypoxia... -Onset of Delirium... -Uremia... -Neurologic i…
15 terms
critical care
causes of DIC?
Diagnosis of DIC?
DIC treatment?
Acute respiratory distress syndrome?
-based on massive exposure of tissue factor to the bloodstrea…
- elevated D-Dimers! (breakdown products of fibrin in circula…
- treat underlying cause... - transfusions and fresh frozen plas…
- aka "shock lung", "acute lung injury"... - disease of alveoli,…
causes of DIC?
-based on massive exposure of tissue factor to the bloodstrea…
Diagnosis of DIC?
- elevated D-Dimers! (breakdown products of fibrin in circula…
415 terms
Critical Care
arterial catheter (A-line)
mean arterial pressure (MAP)
pulse pressure
pulse oximetry
displays beat to beat changes in blood pressure; eliminates t…
diastolic pressure + 1/3 x (systolic pressure- diastolic pres…
systolic pressure - diastolic pressure
measures oxygen saturation of hemoglobin in the capillary beds
arterial catheter (A-line)
displays beat to beat changes in blood pressure; eliminates t…
mean arterial pressure (MAP)
diastolic pressure + 1/3 x (systolic pressure- diastolic pres…
30 terms
ECG Interpretation - Critical Care
Sinus Rhythm
SINUS BRADYCARDIA
Sinus Tachycardia
Sinus Arrhythmia
Rhythm - R-R and P-P intervals are regular... Rate - 60 to 100…
Rhythm - R-R and P-P intervals are regular... Rate - Less than…
Rhythm - R-R and P-P intervals are regular... Rate - 101 to 180…
Rhythm - Irregular and phasic with breathing; heart rate incr…
Sinus Rhythm
Rhythm - R-R and P-P intervals are regular... Rate - 60 to 100…
SINUS BRADYCARDIA
Rhythm - R-R and P-P intervals are regular... Rate - Less than…
240 terms
Critical Care
What are the normal values for lumbar…
What are the criteria for septic shock?
What are the depolarising and non-depo…
What are the side effects of suxametho…
KNOWN OR SUSPECTED INFECTION PLUS
Depolarising... - Suxamethonium (succinylcholine)... Non-depolaris…
- Bradycardia... - Hyperkaleamia... - Myalgia ... - Malignant hyperthe…
What are the normal values for lumbar…
What are the criteria for septic shock?
KNOWN OR SUSPECTED INFECTION PLUS
242 terms
Critical Care
SA node
AV Node
Normal conduction
Cardiac Action Potential
primary pacemaker... located near the superior vena cava in the…
Slows electrical impulse... Allows time for atria to contract an…
Impulse travels from SA to AV through the bundle of HIS... To th…
Depolarization - electrical activation of cell caused by SODI…
SA node
primary pacemaker... located near the superior vena cava in the…
AV Node
Slows electrical impulse... Allows time for atria to contract an…
75 terms
Critical care test 2
Heart is too stiff, does not relax, an…
Heart is too weak, cannot contract nor…
Left ventricular failure is usually th…
R ventricular failure is usually the r…
Diastolic heart failure
systolic heart failure
MI, HTN, aortic valve dz
PVD, COPD, PE, R ventricular infarct
Heart is too stiff, does not relax, an…
Diastolic heart failure
Heart is too weak, cannot contract nor…
systolic heart failure
19 terms
Critical Care
Acute Adrenal Insufficiency,
Thyroid Storm,
Diabetic Ketoacidosis,
Pulmonary Embolus,
Hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, hypotension
Fever, tachycardia, hypertension, diarrhea, vomiting
IV insulin. Start potassium first if K<3.3, IV fluids, K and…
Check D-dimer only if low risk. High risk: CHF, Cancer, major…
Acute Adrenal Insufficiency,
Hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, hypotension
Thyroid Storm,
Fever, tachycardia, hypertension, diarrhea, vomiting
53 terms
Critical Care
Critical Care Nursing
Function of Rapid Response Team (RRT)
Common problems of critical care patie…
Nutrition in critical care patients
Utilizes in-depth knowledge of A&P, pathophysiology, pharmaco…
Brings rapid and immediate care to unstable patients in noncr…
Usually immobile and high risk for VTE and skin breakdown, th…
Typically patients in a hypermetabolic state (burns, sepsis),…
Critical Care Nursing
Utilizes in-depth knowledge of A&P, pathophysiology, pharmaco…
Function of Rapid Response Team (RRT)
Brings rapid and immediate care to unstable patients in noncr…
126 terms
Critical Care
P wave
PR interval
QRS complex
T wave
Depolarization of the atria
-Normal is 0.12 to 0.2 seconds... - onset of atrial depolarizati…
-Normal is 0.06 to 0.11 seconds... -Ventricular depolarization... -…
-appears after QRS complex... - Ventricular repolarization... -Spik…
P wave
Depolarization of the atria
PR interval
-Normal is 0.12 to 0.2 seconds... - onset of atrial depolarizati…
113 terms
Critical Care
Hemodynamics - overview
Hemodynamics - preload
Hemodynamics - afterload & arterial bl…
Hemodynamics - indicators of oxygen de…
Superior vena cava => right atrium => right ventricle => pulm…
Preload is defined as the ventricular end diastolic volume; i…
Afterload is the resistance to flow i.e. SVR... Resistance to f…
Assessment of end organ function is perhaps the simplest meas…
Hemodynamics - overview
Superior vena cava => right atrium => right ventricle => pulm…
Hemodynamics - preload
Preload is defined as the ventricular end diastolic volume; i…
108 terms
Critical Care
FASTHUG
Consequences of malnutrition
This type of feeding is always preferred
When should feeding start?
Feeding... Analgesia... Sedation... Thromboembolic prophylaxis... Head of…
- impaired immune function... - increased frequency of decubitus…
enteral
within 24-72 hours following admission
FASTHUG
Feeding... Analgesia... Sedation... Thromboembolic prophylaxis... Head of…
Consequences of malnutrition
- impaired immune function... - increased frequency of decubitus…
25 terms
Critical Care
Intracranial Hemorrhage... -Etiology
Intracranial Hemorrhage... -Hallmark Signs
Intracranial Hemorrhage... -Sign and Symp…
Intracranial Hemorrhage... -SNOT Half-liv…
HTN... Trauma... Infections (Micotics A... Tumors... Coagulation factor d…
N/V
Sudden HA... Loss of consciousness... Neurological deficits
VII > IX > X > II
Intracranial Hemorrhage... -Etiology
HTN... Trauma... Infections (Micotics A... Tumors... Coagulation factor d…
Intracranial Hemorrhage... -Hallmark Signs
N/V
9 terms
Critical care
Levels of care
Severity scoring systems
Components of SOFA (sequential organ d…
PaO2/FiO2 ratio
= Ratio of arterial oxygen partial pressure to fractional ins…
Levels of care
Severity scoring systems
28 terms
Critical Care
IABP waveform: normal
IABP: early inflation... - waveform... - phy…
IABP: late inflation... - waveform... - phys…
IABP: early deflation... - waveform... - phy…
IABP waveform: normal
IABP: early inflation... - waveform... - phy…
169 terms
Critical Care
How can nitrous oxide cause megaloblas…
Why can't you use N20 in laparoscopic…
What is the minimum alveolar concentra…
What are the components of balanced ge…
NO inactivates methionine synthetase which can cause megalobl…
Diffuses into gas filled spaces
MAC is the concentration of the vapour in the lungs that is n…
Hypnosis ... Analgesia... Muscle relaxation
How can nitrous oxide cause megaloblas…
NO inactivates methionine synthetase which can cause megalobl…
Why can't you use N20 in laparoscopic…
Diffuses into gas filled spaces
205 terms
Critical Care
At what core body temperature are you…
At what temperature does hypothermia b…
What are some risk factors for becomin…
What is the range of temperature for m…
Less than 95 F (35 C)... (Normal is 98.6 F so only 3.6 points le…
Hypothermia becomes life threatening at 86 F (30 C)
Being old (elderly), drugs, alcohol, and diabetes. ... This is b…
93.2 F to 96.8 F ... (34 C to 36 C)
At what core body temperature are you…
Less than 95 F (35 C)... (Normal is 98.6 F so only 3.6 points le…
At what temperature does hypothermia b…
Hypothermia becomes life threatening at 86 F (30 C)
48 terms
Critical Care
Requirements for SIRS
Sepsis
Severe Sepsis
Septic Shock
2 or more of the following:... Hyperthermia >100.4 (38 C) or hyp…
Sirs + documented or suspected infection
Sepsis and 1 organ dysfunction
Severe Sepsis with hypotension despite fluid resuscitation... CV…
Requirements for SIRS
2 or more of the following:... Hyperthermia >100.4 (38 C) or hyp…
Sepsis
Sirs + documented or suspected infection
267 terms
Critical Care
Drotrecogin is used for what?
What is the course of action for a sep…
What is the indication for using corti…
How do you determine adrenal insuffici…
Its a recombinant human activated protein C... One of the only F…
remove, culture, and replace all vascular catheters and begin…
pressor dependent septic shock with a definitive decrease in…
1. An incremental increase of 9 ug/dL at 30 or 60 min followi…
Drotrecogin is used for what?
Its a recombinant human activated protein C... One of the only F…
What is the course of action for a sep…
remove, culture, and replace all vascular catheters and begin…
18 terms
Critical Care
Acute MI
Unstable Angina
Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)
A-fib w/ RVR
Acute CHF
Acute COPD Exacerbation (Severe)
Severe Hypoxia
Allergic Reaction (with air encroachment)
Acute MI
Acute CHF
Unstable Angina
Acute COPD Exacerbation (Severe)
206 terms
Critical Care Neuro
-cerebrum: right & left... -diencephalon…
-frontal... -parietal... -temporal... -occipital
-Frontal: high level cognition, volunt…
broca's area
what are the parts of the brain (4)
cerebrum has 2 hemispheres that each have 4 matching lobes, w…
describe what each lobe of the cerebrum has control over
what is located in the left hemisphere in the frontal lobe of…
-cerebrum: right & left... -diencephalon…
what are the parts of the brain (4)
-frontal... -parietal... -temporal... -occipital
cerebrum has 2 hemispheres that each have 4 matching lobes, w…
51 terms
Critical Care
Causes of Pain, anxiety & agitation... -…
Order of tx for symptoms
CPOT... - is used to test for... - which…
Opioid monitoring... 3... 🔒
...
1. Pain... 2. anxiety & agitation
- Pain... - 3
1.BP... 2. RR... 3. LOC
Causes of Pain, anxiety & agitation... -…
...
Order of tx for symptoms
1. Pain... 2. anxiety & agitation
25 terms
Critical Care Nursing Brain
Three layers of connective tissue cove…
What is a hemorrhage called that occur…
What is a hemorrhage called that occur…
What is a hemorrhage called that occur…
Dura Mater... Arachnoid Mater... Pia Mater
Epidural hemorrhage - arterial bleed
Subdural hematoma - venous bleed, classified based on time of…
Subarachnoid hemorrhage - usually result from aneurysms, resu…
Three layers of connective tissue cove…
Dura Mater... Arachnoid Mater... Pia Mater
What is a hemorrhage called that occur…
Epidural hemorrhage - arterial bleed
131 terms
Critical Care Multisystem Dysfunction
-Decreased circulatory perfusion... -Decr…
-Anaerobic metabolism occurs... -Leads to…
Increase in systemic vascular resistan…
:)
shock is an alteration in compensatory mechanisms, describe w…
Cells usually take up 25% of oxygen delivered, but in shock,…
The nurse suspects that a patient injured in a motor vehicle…
compensatory mechanisms in shock :)
-Decreased circulatory perfusion... -Decr…
shock is an alteration in compensatory mechanisms, describe w…
-Anaerobic metabolism occurs... -Leads to…
Cells usually take up 25% of oxygen delivered, but in shock,…
117 terms
Critical Care
Blood circulation pathway
Hemodynamics - overview
Hemodynamics - preload
Hemodynamics - afterload & arterial bl…
Superior vena cava => right atrium => right ventricle => pulm…
O2 delivery (DO2) = CO x arterial O2 content... Arterial blood…
Preload is defined as the ventricular end diastolic volume; i…
Afterload is the resistance to flow (i.e. SVR)... Resistance to…
Blood circulation pathway
Superior vena cava => right atrium => right ventricle => pulm…
Hemodynamics - overview
O2 delivery (DO2) = CO x arterial O2 content... Arterial blood…
29 terms
Approach to Critical Care
Critical ILLNESS
Critical CARE
ICU Team
Rapid Response
any disease process which causes physiological instability le…
Specialized care of patients whose conditions are life-threat…
- Physicians... - PAs, NPs and MD/DO residents/fellows... - Consult…
MISSION: ... -provide access to urgent medical intervention from…
Critical ILLNESS
any disease process which causes physiological instability le…
Critical CARE
Specialized care of patients whose conditions are life-threat…
93 terms
critical care
callcitrol & calcium carbonte the clie…
DX of Gravis admin meds
Haldol for schizo with neck and jaw ti…
client recovering from 600mg aspirin
hold both meds & contact HCP
30 min before meals
give PRN dose of Benadryl
check stool for blood
callcitrol & calcium carbonte the clie…
hold both meds & contact HCP
DX of Gravis admin meds
30 min before meals
189 terms
Critical Care
The patient is in the critical care un…
A patient develops frequent ventricula…
The nurse is caring for a patient who…
When providing palliative care, the nu…
1: Evaluate morning laboratory values and report abnormal res…
Lidocaine
Cardiac output may decrease
1: Unmarried life partners of same sex... 2: Unmarried life part…
The patient is in the critical care un…
1: Evaluate morning laboratory values and report abnormal res…
A patient develops frequent ventricula…
Lidocaine
84 terms
Acid/Base (Critical Care)
Acid-Base Balance
MAINTAINING Acid-Base Balance
ASSESSING Acid-Base Status
ORDERING Blood Gas Sample
• Large amounts of acid are generated daily... - 15,000mmol CO2…
• Pulmonary excretion of CO2... • Metabolic utilization of orga…
CO2 + H20 = H2CO3 -> H+ + HCO3... Blood Gas Analysis:... - Partial…
• Arterial blood gas... - Normal pH range 7.36 to 7.44... - Bicarbo…
Acid-Base Balance
• Large amounts of acid are generated daily... - 15,000mmol CO2…
MAINTAINING Acid-Base Balance
• Pulmonary excretion of CO2... • Metabolic utilization of orga…
65 terms
Critical care
Which client event would be considered…
In the intensive care unit, the nurse…
Upon arrival in the post-anesthesia ca…
A client with blunt trauma undergoes a…
2,4,5
2
2
1
Which client event would be considered…
2,4,5
In the intensive care unit, the nurse…
2
37 terms
Critical Care
A patient has a nursing diagnosis of d…
To determine the effectiveness of medi…
While family members are visiting, a p…
Following surgery, a patient's central…
D... Clustering nursing activities and providing uninterrupted r…
B... Systemic vascular resistance reflects the resistance to ven…
A... Research indicates that family members want the option of r…
A... A low CVP indicates hypovolemia and a need for an increase…
A patient has a nursing diagnosis of d…
D... Clustering nursing activities and providing uninterrupted r…
To determine the effectiveness of medi…
B... Systemic vascular resistance reflects the resistance to ven…
27 terms
Critical Care
Goal blood glucose target in ICU
T/F. Regularly scheduled administratio…
When should glucose be monitored in ICU
Drug therapy for stress ulcer is indic…
< 180mg/dl
True, proactive approach is preferable to reactive approach
every 1 - 2 hours until stable, then every 4 hours
1) respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation... 2) co…
Goal blood glucose target in ICU
< 180mg/dl
T/F. Regularly scheduled administratio…
True, proactive approach is preferable to reactive approach
205 terms
Critical Care
At what core body temperature are you…
At what temperature does hypothermia b…
What are some risk factors for becomin…
What is the range of temperature for m…
Less than 95 F (35 C)... (Normal is 98.6 F so only 3.6 points le…
Hypothermia becomes life threatening at 86 F (30 C)
Being old (elderly), drugs, alcohol, and diabetes. ... This is b…
93.2 F to 96.8 F ... (34 C to 36 C)
At what core body temperature are you…
Less than 95 F (35 C)... (Normal is 98.6 F so only 3.6 points le…
At what temperature does hypothermia b…
Hypothermia becomes life threatening at 86 F (30 C)
24 terms
Critical Care
Three main types of shock
First symptom of hypovolemic shock
Organ first affected by hypovolemic sh…
Classification of Hypovolemic Shock
Hypovolemic... Distributive (warm skin)... Cardiogenic
Tachycardia
Kidneys
Class I = < 15% loss, little clinical problems... Class II = 15…
Three main types of shock
Hypovolemic... Distributive (warm skin)... Cardiogenic
First symptom of hypovolemic shock
Tachycardia
65 terms
Critical Care
Contractility of the myocardium.
True or False. In a healthy heart, the…
The pressure against which the ventric…
How does an increase in afterload effe…
Intrinsic
True
Afterload
Cardiac output and stroke volume decreases because the heart…
Contractility of the myocardium.
Intrinsic
True or False. In a healthy heart, the…
True
52 terms
Critical Care
What percent of patients admitted to t…
What percentage of patients will be mo…
Common problems of Critical Care Patie…
Nursing Management in critical care
10%
20%
Numerous complications... High risk for DVT r/t immobility... Skin…
Cluster activities so the patient has uninterrupted rest peri…
What percent of patients admitted to t…
10%
What percentage of patients will be mo…
20%
34 terms
Critical Care
Phlebostatic axis
How do we level Hemodynamic monitoring?
How do we level and zero an hemodynami…
What happens if transducer is higher t…
4th ICS Mid axillary.... -Horizontal line down from the axilla a…
We want the transducer level with the phebostatic axis which…
Do it for setup, after insertion, and if disconnected.... 1) Phl…
Readings are falsely low
Phlebostatic axis
4th ICS Mid axillary.... -Horizontal line down from the axilla a…
How do we level Hemodynamic monitoring?
We want the transducer level with the phebostatic axis which…
29 terms
Critical Care
CO
CI
CVP
PAOP
4-8
2.5-4.2
2-6
8-12
CO
4-8
CI
2.5-4.2
89 terms
CRITICAL CARE
3 most common sites for drawing ABGs?
what does an ABG tell us?
To avoid compromising the integrity of…
ABG should be avoided it patient is re…
radial, brachial, or femoral artery
patient's respiratory or metabolic status
femoral artery, kidney transplant
anticoagulation therapy
3 most common sites for drawing ABGs?
radial, brachial, or femoral artery
what does an ABG tell us?
patient's respiratory or metabolic status
52 terms
Critical Care
ICU capabilities
IMC capabilities
General floor capabilities
Neurogenic shock tx
Nurse:pt ratio of 1:1 or 1:2, hrly VS, hrly I&Os, bedside pro…
pt needs attention but not intense monitering, nurse:pt ratio…
VS q 4 hrs max, I&Os q 6-8 hrs, nurse:pt ratio of 1:4-6, last…
vasoconstrictor meds, IV fluids
ICU capabilities
Nurse:pt ratio of 1:1 or 1:2, hrly VS, hrly I&Os, bedside pro…
IMC capabilities
pt needs attention but not intense monitering, nurse:pt ratio…
19 terms
Critical Care
A nursing intervention indicated for t…
The critical care nurse includes careg…
A comatose patient with a possible cer…
In preparing a patient in the ICU for…
b. Rationale: When anxiety in the ICU patient is related to t…
c. Rationale: The caregivers of the critically ill patient ar…
c. Rationale: A nasal endotracheal (ET) tube is longer and sm…
a. Rationale: The patient is positioned with the mouth, phary…
A nursing intervention indicated for t…
b. Rationale: When anxiety in the ICU patient is related to t…
The critical care nurse includes careg…
c. Rationale: The caregivers of the critically ill patient ar…
67 terms
Burns (Critical Care)
Overview
Incidence
Epidemiology
Skin Anatomy
• Incidence... • Epidemiology... • Defining Burn Injury... • Clinical…
486,000 people sought treatment for burns in 2011... Of all bur…
• Flame burns and ignition of clothing - ADULTS... • Scald burn…
Functions Crucial to Survival:... • Protection from infection &…
Overview
• Incidence... • Epidemiology... • Defining Burn Injury... • Clinical…
Incidence
486,000 people sought treatment for burns in 2011... Of all bur…
10 terms
Critical Care
Describe how type 1 and type 2 diabeti…
Short, shallow breaths indicate
Describe post-op care for Severe Respi…
*post-op hypotension and/or tachycardi…
type 1- day before, cut insulin in half. Day of- start insuli…
↑ pain, premature extubation, pneumothorax
- STAT ABG... - 12 lead EKG in pts with ↑ cardiac risk... - Re-intu…
hemorrhage
Describe how type 1 and type 2 diabeti…
type 1- day before, cut insulin in half. Day of- start insuli…
Short, shallow breaths indicate
↑ pain, premature extubation, pneumothorax
1 of 10