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Study sets matching "critical thinking 2"

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Study sets matching "critical thinking 2"

11 terms
Critical Thinking (Chapter 2)
Argument
Argument Examples
Non-Argument Examples
Rhetorical Question
A collection of statements in which premises are offered to s…
Rhetorical Question or Ought Imperative
Reports, Unsupported Assertions, Conditional Statements, Illu…
A sentence that has the grammatical form of a question but is…
Argument
A collection of statements in which premises are offered to s…
Argument Examples
Rhetorical Question or Ought Imperative
31 terms
Critical Thinking (Chapter 1 and 2)
Critical Thinking
Critical Thinking Standards (CPAR, CLCF)
Clarity
Precision
Disciplined thinking governed by clear intellectual standards
Clarity, Precision, Accuracy, Relevance, Consistency, Logical…
To understand clearly what is being stated
The quality of being accurate, definite, and exact
Critical Thinking
Disciplined thinking governed by clear intellectual standards
Critical Thinking Standards (CPAR, CLCF)
Clarity, Precision, Accuracy, Relevance, Consistency, Logical…
20 terms
Critical Thinking Vocab #2
swirl
survive
swayed
canopy
twist around
live through
moved slowly back and forth
a roof
swirl
twist around
survive
live through
115 terms
Critical Thinking: Keywords 2
what is culture conflict
what is culture
what is cultural blindness
what is cultural imposition
people become aware of the cultural differences and are threa…
"Shared system of values, beliefs, traditions, behavior, verb…
ignore the differences
the belief that everyone should think like you
what is culture conflict
people become aware of the cultural differences and are threa…
what is culture
"Shared system of values, beliefs, traditions, behavior, verb…
5 terms
Roots Vocab #2 - Critical Thinking
anim
arthro
aster, astro
anno
spirit, living creature, breathe
joint
star
year
anim
spirit, living creature, breathe
arthro
joint
19 terms
Critical Thinking 2 Collocations
context
distribute
distribution
finance
a different _____; historical _____; put into _____;
_____ to; _____ among; evenly _____d; ... widely _____d;
geographic _____; normal _____; fair _____
raise _____; _____ Minister; _____ company
context
a different _____; historical _____; put into _____;
distribute
_____ to; _____ among; evenly _____d; ... widely _____d;
10 terms
Critical Thinking Vocabulary 2
discursive writing
internal consistency
logical consistency
line of reasoning
A composition including a lot of facts and opinions... الكتابة…
all the parts of the line of reasoning contribute to the conc…
the reasons for the argument are presented in a logical order…
the order in which points and evidence are presented in an ar…
discursive writing
A composition including a lot of facts and opinions... الكتابة…
internal consistency
all the parts of the line of reasoning contribute to the conc…
16 terms
1.2 Critical Thinking
Charcot's joint... --Clinical Finding
Charcot's joint... --Pathophysiology
Charcot Triad
Babinski Sign... --'present'
Inflammation... warmth... tenderness... X-ray: bone resorption
Peripheral neuropathy... Repetitive microtrauma... Loss of the fo…
Right Upper Quadrant Pain... fevers... jaundice... --Highly suggest…
The presence of Babinski sign... suggests an upper motor neuron…
Charcot's joint... --Clinical Finding
Inflammation... warmth... tenderness... X-ray: bone resorption
Charcot's joint... --Pathophysiology
Peripheral neuropathy... Repetitive microtrauma... Loss of the fo…
17 terms
Critical Thinking Book 2
Emotional words are words...
Emotionally loaded words are words...
An emotional word in a sentence usuall…
An ambiguous word is a word...
...we do not feel neutral about.
...which have high emotional content.
...makes the sentence an opinion rather than a fact.
...that can have different meanings.
Emotional words are words...
...we do not feel neutral about.
Emotionally loaded words are words...
...which have high emotional content.
30 terms
Module 2 - Critical Thinking
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
47 terms
Critical Thinking Test 2
prepositional logic
&
v
~
(or truth functional logic) the branch of deductive reasoning…
(and) conjunction ex: p&q, Alice rode her bike and John walked
(or) disjunction ex: pvq, Either Alice rode her bike, or John…
(not) negation ex: ~p, Alice did not ride her bike. Or. It is…
prepositional logic
(or truth functional logic) the branch of deductive reasoning…
&
(and) conjunction ex: p&q, Alice rode her bike and John walked
42 terms
Critical Thinking Chp. 2: Obstacles to Critical Thinking
we should expect that thinking critica…
to think critically, we must be __, be…
we can sort the most common impediment…
we are all heir to __ tendencies and h…
detect errors in our thinking; restrain the attitudes and fee…
aware; motivated; practice
those hindrances that arise because of how we think; those th…
psychological
we should expect that thinking critica…
detect errors in our thinking; restrain the attitudes and fee…
to think critically, we must be __, be…
aware; motivated; practice
11 terms
Lesson 2-Critical Thinking Model-Critical Thinking
equip
reiterate
challenging
engage
to provide a person or a place with objects that are necessar…
to say again, to repeat
requiring full use of your abilities or resources
to become involved, or have contact, with someone or something
equip
to provide a person or a place with objects that are necessar…
reiterate
to say again, to repeat
10 terms
Critical Thinking Vocab 2
Specific (adj)
Vague (adj)
Distinguish (v)
Context (n)
(详细的 Chinese) (具体的 Japanese); explicit, particular, or definite
not clear or definite in thought, understanding, or expression.
to show or recognize there is a difference.
the set of circumstances or facts that surround a particular…
Specific (adj)
(详细的 Chinese) (具体的 Japanese); explicit, particular, or definite
Vague (adj)
not clear or definite in thought, understanding, or expression.
10 terms
Critical Thinking- Fallacies 2
Two wrongs make a right
The fallacy of majority belief
Common Practice
Education Fallacy
They don't (wouldn't) do right so we don't have to
Most people think...
Most people have done...
Lack of education is used as an excuse
Two wrongs make a right
They don't (wouldn't) do right so we don't have to
The fallacy of majority belief
Most people think...
17 terms
Critical Thinking 2: sentences
analysis
distribute
finance
function
An _______ of the data revealed there were two earthquakes.
A number of charities are coordinating their efforts to _____…
The project will only go ahead if they can raise the necessar…
The nervous system regulates our bodily ________.
analysis
An _______ of the data revealed there were two earthquakes.
distribute
A number of charities are coordinating their efforts to _____…
10 terms
Critical Thinking/Writing 2
Amorphous
Cachet
Titillate
Decadent
(adj) without definite shape or form
(n) a sign of authenticity or individuality; a hallmark
(v) to excite in a tingling fashion
(adj) in a state of moral decline or decay
Amorphous
(adj) without definite shape or form
Cachet
(n) a sign of authenticity or individuality; a hallmark
23 terms
TEST #2 Critical Thinking
The Fallacy of Division
The Fallacy of Composition
Circular Reasoning
The Either/ Or Fallacy
assuming what is true for the whole is true for the parts
assuming what is true about the parts is true for the whole
You assume the very thing you are trying to prove
Hides the other alternatives putting your opponent in a bind.…
The Fallacy of Division
assuming what is true for the whole is true for the parts
The Fallacy of Composition
assuming what is true about the parts is true for the whole
10 terms
Critical Thinking 2
a mental activity that consists of org…
a position or viewpoint along with the…
a positive statement or declaration
a statement upon which an argument or…
reasoning
argument
assertion
premise
a mental activity that consists of org…
reasoning
a position or viewpoint along with the…
argument
15 terms
Critical Thinking Book 2
sprawl
suggest
sprout
device
to stretch out
hint
shoot out new growth
an object made to do something special
sprawl
to stretch out
suggest
hint
8 terms
Critical Thinking vocab 2
ambivalent
epithet
ambit
epiphyte
wavering
descriptive nickname
range
non parasitic plant growing on another
ambivalent
wavering
epithet
descriptive nickname
57 terms
critical thinking 2
population
sample
representativeness of a sample
representative sample
the entire set of individuals of interest to a researcher
set of individuals selected from a population and is usually…
refers to the extent to which the characteristics of the samp…
sample with the same characteristics as the population
population
the entire set of individuals of interest to a researcher
sample
set of individuals selected from a population and is usually…
67 terms
Critical Thinking 2
Chol/e
Cysto
Emes/o
Lith/o
Gall, bile
Bladder, sac
Vomit
Stone
Chol/e
Gall, bile
Cysto
Bladder, sac
13 terms
Critical Thinking Ch. 2
A well crafted argument
Standard form
Excess verbiage
Discount
An arugment that is stated in such a way that its important l…
A conditional statement that is "if A, then b"
A word or statement that adds nothing to the argument
An acknowledgement of a fact or possibility that might be tho…
A well crafted argument
An arugment that is stated in such a way that its important l…
Standard form
A conditional statement that is "if A, then b"
52 terms
Critical Thinking Lec 2
Epi
Demos
Why We Study Epidemiology
Epidemics
- upon
- people
- understand prevention... - address risk factors for *oral…
- occurrence of illness in community *clearly in excess of no…
Epi
- upon
Demos
- people
9 terms
Critical thinking 2
Category 1
Category 2
Begging the question
False dilemma
Fallacies that have irrelevant premises
Fallacies that have unacceptable premises
Attempt to establish the conclusion of an argument by using t…
Asserting that there are only two alternatives to consider wh…
Category 1
Fallacies that have irrelevant premises
Category 2
Fallacies that have unacceptable premises
11 terms
2. .Critical Thinking in MGMT
4 Reasons Arguments are useful
List Parts of an Argument
Conclusion
Premise
1. Help us make better decisions ... 2. Help justify decisions,…
-Conclusion ... -Premise ... -Inferences ... -Objection ... -Rebuttal
-The proposition the arguer wants you to accept ... -can be desc…
-Reasons or evidence that supports a conclusion
4 Reasons Arguments are useful
1. Help us make better decisions ... 2. Help justify decisions,…
List Parts of an Argument
-Conclusion ... -Premise ... -Inferences ... -Objection ... -Rebuttal
29 terms
Critical Thinking Chapter 2
Appeal to Common Practice
Appeal to popularity (or to the masses)
Peer Pressure
Philosophical Skepticism
When pressure comes from what a group of people do or how the…
When pressure comes from the mere popularity of a belief.
When the pressure to conform comes from your peers.
People who believe that we know much less than we think we do…
Appeal to Common Practice
When pressure comes from what a group of people do or how the…
Appeal to popularity (or to the masses)
When pressure comes from the mere popularity of a belief.
19 terms
Exam 2 Critical Thinking
Vagueness
Ambiguity
Semantic Ambiguity
Syntactic Ambiguity
meaning is imprecise or not enough information for that conte…
more than one meaning in that context
single word or phrase that has more than one meaning
sentence structure creates more than one meaning
Vagueness
meaning is imprecise or not enough information for that conte…
Ambiguity
more than one meaning in that context
24 terms
Critical Thinking Jeopardy 2
My priest says that genetic engineerin…
You should never give in to your child…
A fallacy based on the assumption that…
A generalization is made from a sample…
Inappropriate Appeal to Authority
Slippery Slope
Naturalistic Fallacy
Hasty Generalization
My priest says that genetic engineerin…
Inappropriate Appeal to Authority
You should never give in to your child…
Slippery Slope
37 terms
Critical Thinking Exam 2
Argument
Premise
Conclusion
Cogent
set of statements where premises are supposed to provide supp…
statements about the world that we aren't entirely sure about
claims that we're sure must have a truth value
strong argument with true premises
Argument
set of statements where premises are supposed to provide supp…
Premise
statements about the world that we aren't entirely sure about
11 terms
critical thinking 2
Denying the antecedent
Affirming the Consequent
Affirming the Disjunct
False Conversation
1) If A, then B.... 2) Not A, ... 3) Therefore not B.
1) If A, then B.... 2) B,... 3) Therefore, A.
1) Either A or B.... 2) B,... 3) Therefore, not A.
1) If A, then B... 2) Therefore, if B, then A
Denying the antecedent
1) If A, then B.... 2) Not A, ... 3) Therefore not B.
Affirming the Consequent
1) If A, then B.... 2) B,... 3) Therefore, A.
Critical Thinking Exam #2
What is critical thinking?
Why is critical thinking so difficult?
Cognitive skills for critical thinking
Examples of attitudes and dispositions…
-active, organized, cognitive process to carefully examine on…
-intangible... -individual... -requires effort
-analyzing... -applying standards... -discriminating ... -info seeking…
-flexibility... -disciplined... -intuition... -confidence...(etc.)
What is critical thinking?
-active, organized, cognitive process to carefully examine on…
Why is critical thinking so difficult?
-intangible... -individual... -requires effort
100 terms
science and critical thinking #2
What are the important aspects of scie…
What is Newton's first law of motion?
What forces act upon objects?
Contact forces
they are true, universal, simple, absolute, omnipotent, and c…
in order for an object to change its motion a force must act…
Contact forces- friction, tension/spring, applied ... distance f…
friction, tension/spring, applied
What are the important aspects of scie…
they are true, universal, simple, absolute, omnipotent, and c…
What is Newton's first law of motion?
in order for an object to change its motion a force must act…
18 terms
Lecture 2 Critical Thinking
Confirmation Bias
Argument
Premises
Conclusion
If you believe something then pay attention to facts that fit…
A claim defended with reasons. Can be valid or invalid.
Statements offered as evidence or reasons why we should accep…
The statement we're trying to prove or support
Confirmation Bias
If you believe something then pay attention to facts that fit…
Argument
A claim defended with reasons. Can be valid or invalid.
15 terms
Critical Thinking Exam 2
Enculturation
Biculturalism
Ethnocentrism
Acculturation or Assimilation
The culture you are born into
Equality identifies with two cultures
Thinking that you own culture is better
adapting and adopting a culture
Enculturation
The culture you are born into
Biculturalism
Equality identifies with two cultures
13 terms
Critical Thinking 1+2
Recall
Comprehension
Analysis
Synthesis
First step in Bloom's Taxonomy
Second step in Bloom's Taxonomy
Third step in Bloom's Taxonomy
Fourth step in Bloom's Taxonomy
Recall
First step in Bloom's Taxonomy
Comprehension
Second step in Bloom's Taxonomy
53 terms
procedures 2-critical thinking
critical thinking:
critical thinkers are
critical thinking skills of a RT:
prioritization
-multiple definitions such as logical reasoning/thinking, pro…
-inquisitive, alert, well informed, open-minded, honest, flex…
-prioritization... -anticipation... -troubleshooting... -communication…
-individual's ability to arrange & organize work according to…
critical thinking:
-multiple definitions such as logical reasoning/thinking, pro…
critical thinkers are
-inquisitive, alert, well informed, open-minded, honest, flex…
22 terms
Critical Thinking Ch.2
Amphiboly
Relative terms
Accent
Vagueness
Occurs when commas are improperly placed
Ambiguity that arises from the use of adjectives and adverbs…
Ambiguity from shifting the emphasis on certain words when a…
Has a fuzzy meaning
Amphiboly
Occurs when commas are improperly placed
Relative terms
Ambiguity that arises from the use of adjectives and adverbs…
14 terms
Critical Thinking Chapter 2
Argument
Conclusion
Critical Thinking
Explanation
A combination of statements-a statement (or statements) suppo…
The statement that premises are intended to support.
The systematic evaluation or formulation of beliefs, or state…
Tells us why or how something is the case.
Argument
A combination of statements-a statement (or statements) suppo…
Conclusion
The statement that premises are intended to support.
25 terms
critical thinking test 2
independent measures
repeated measures
matched pairs
case study
there are different levels of independent variable and each l…
there are different levels of independent variable and each l…
have a pair of similar people and then split between control…
a research method that looks intensely and in detail at a sin…
independent measures
there are different levels of independent variable and each l…
repeated measures
there are different levels of independent variable and each l…
11 terms
Critical Thinking Chapter 2
Reason
Emotion
Emotional intelligence
Empathy
The process of supporting a claim or conclusion on the basis…
A state of consciousness in which feelings such as joy, anger…
The ability to perceive accurately, appraise and express emot…
The capacity to enter into and understand the emotions of oth…
Reason
The process of supporting a claim or conclusion on the basis…
Emotion
A state of consciousness in which feelings such as joy, anger…
33 terms
Critical Thinking Unit 2
Flaw
Two Wrongs Don't Make A Right
Tu Quoque
Hasty Generalisation
A fault in the pattern of reasoning that weakens the support…
A flaw that attempts to justify one harmful thing on the basi…
An attempt to justify an action on the basis that someone els…
Draws a general conclusion from insufficient evidence.
Flaw
A fault in the pattern of reasoning that weakens the support…
Two Wrongs Don't Make A Right
A flaw that attempts to justify one harmful thing on the basi…
48 terms
Lesson 2 Critical Thinking
Critical Thinking
Important
Effective communication, true collabor…
Safety Culture
Your ability to focus your thinking to get the results you need
Critical is the same as....
6 components of a healthy workplace environment
when it is more important to report errors and try to prevent…
Critical Thinking
Your ability to focus your thinking to get the results you need
Important
Critical is the same as....
Critical Thinking Quiz 2
Step 3 of EBP:
When study results are VALID they can…
any factor that makes you less certain…
Key ?'s to Determine Applicability of…
Critically Appraise the research evidence for Applicability a…
Applicability
Bias
1) Is the study's purpose relevant to my clinical question?... 2…
Step 3 of EBP:
Critically Appraise the research evidence for Applicability a…
When study results are VALID they can…
Applicability
10 terms
Critical Thinking-Chapter 2
Valid
Sound
Stronger argument
Weaker argument
Is such that if the premises are true then the conclusion mus…
The argument is valid with true premises.
If the premises are true the conclusion is likely to be true.
The less support the premise of an inductive argument provide…
Valid
Is such that if the premises are true then the conclusion mus…
Sound
The argument is valid with true premises.
83 terms
Critical Thinking Exam 2
Gastro
Hepato
Chole
Cysto
Stomach
Liver
Gall, bile
Bladder, sac
Gastro
Stomach
Hepato
Liver
34 terms
Critical Thinking Test 2
Agnosticism
Atheism
Cosmological Argument
Design Argument
The claim that we cannot know whether God exists or not due t…
The claim that God does not exist
An argument that attempts to prove that God exists from an al…
An attempt to prove that God exists from the perceived order
Agnosticism
The claim that we cannot know whether God exists or not due t…
Atheism
The claim that God does not exist
11 terms
Critical Thinking Chapter-2
Arguments
Parts of Arguments
Deductive Argument
Valid
Series of statements that persuades someone to accept a concl…
Typically created by two premises that support a conclusion
Uses logic and validity, to make the conclusion entirely true.
Valid: The arguments (Premise) are true, therefore the conclu…
Arguments
Series of statements that persuades someone to accept a concl…
Parts of Arguments
Typically created by two premises that support a conclusion
39 terms
Critical Thinking Exam #2
Claim of Fact
Claim of Value
Claims of Policy
Claim
Can be proved by citing factual evidence and the results of s…
involve matters of taste , morality, opinion, and ideas about…
Indicate a course of action, a proposal for change, or a prob…
Is an idea to be proved.
Claim of Fact
Can be proved by citing factual evidence and the results of s…
Claim of Value
involve matters of taste , morality, opinion, and ideas about…
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