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Study sets matching "critical thinking"

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Study sets matching "critical thinking"

48 terms
Critical Thinking, Critical Thinking, Riddles
Argumentation
Coercion
Debate
good reason
discussion, debate, disputation
force or the power use force in gaining power compliance
to engage in argument and discussion
good judgment forming conclusion
Argumentation
discussion, debate, disputation
Coercion
force or the power use force in gaining power compliance
30 terms
Critical Thinking
purpose
interpretation
concept
assumption
(n) the reason why something is done or used
(n) the act or result of explaining or interpreting something
(n) an idea of what something is or how it works
(n) something that is believed to be true or probably true bu…
purpose
(n) the reason why something is done or used
interpretation
(n) the act or result of explaining or interpreting something
40 terms
Critical Thinking
Initial Plausibility
Background information
Interested Parties
Disinterested Parties
A rough assessment of how credible a claim seems to us.
Immense body of justified beliefs that consists of facts we l…
A person who stands to gain from our belief in a claim
Those who have no stake in our belier one way or another
Initial Plausibility
A rough assessment of how credible a claim seems to us.
Background information
Immense body of justified beliefs that consists of facts we l…
11 terms
Critical Thinking
Respond
Recall
Compare
Interpret
To give an answer
Remember or think back to something
Similarities and differences
Explain
Respond
To give an answer
Recall
Remember or think back to something
26 terms
Critical Thinking
Fact Becomes Fiction
Competence, Character, Connectedness
The Straw Man fallacy is committed whe…
Competency
The View that the World is Flat is an example of what?
Whenever we read an article, in order to determine if it reli…
What is The Straw Man Fallacy?
Experience, Credentials, Reputation is an example of which me…
Fact Becomes Fiction
The View that the World is Flat is an example of what?
Competence, Character, Connectedness
Whenever we read an article, in order to determine if it reli…
13 terms
Critical Thinking
Critical Thinking
Aspects of Critical thinking
Dispositions
Criteria
The disciplined art of ensuring that you are using the best t…
Dispositions ... Criteria... Argument... Reasoning... Point of View... Proce…
Open mindedness
Conditions to be met to be believable.
Critical Thinking
The disciplined art of ensuring that you are using the best t…
Aspects of Critical thinking
Dispositions ... Criteria... Argument... Reasoning... Point of View... Proce…
115 terms
CRITICAL THINKING
what is culture conflict
what is culture
what is cultural blindness
what is cultural imposition
people become aware of the cultural differences and are threa…
"Shared system of values, beliefs, traditions, behavior, verb…
ignore the differences
the belief that everyone should think like you
what is culture conflict
people become aware of the cultural differences and are threa…
what is culture
"Shared system of values, beliefs, traditions, behavior, verb…
10 terms
Critical Thinking
critical
argument
assertion
premise
Set of skills for evaluating all claims in an open-minded and…
A single assertion or a series of assertions presented and de…
A declaration or statement
A statement upon which an argument is based or from which a c…
critical
Set of skills for evaluating all claims in an open-minded and…
argument
A single assertion or a series of assertions presented and de…
63 terms
Critical thinking
The word critical comes from the Greek…
Critical thinking is not just for the…
Critical thinking requires learning --…
One characteristic of effective critic…
True
true
How, What
False
The word critical comes from the Greek…
True
Critical thinking is not just for the…
true
33 terms
Critical Thinking
Explanation
Description
Claim
Opinion
Explaining why something is what it is (no persuasion)
Saying how something is (no persuasion)
Something that is thought to be true but might not be (Reason…
Statement of a person's beliefs and ideas
Explanation
Explaining why something is what it is (no persuasion)
Description
Saying how something is (no persuasion)
25 terms
Critical Thinking, Key Concepts
Critical Thinking
Clarity
Precision
Logical Correctness
A wide range of skills for (a) identifying, analyzing, and ev…
A clear expression of ideas is precise (not vague/fuzzy), spe…
Exactitude; lacking any vagueness, fuzziness.
Logically correct reasoning provides strong or conclusive sup…
Critical Thinking
A wide range of skills for (a) identifying, analyzing, and ev…
Clarity
A clear expression of ideas is precise (not vague/fuzzy), spe…
20 terms
Critical Thinking (Chapter 1)
Critical Thinking
Critical Thinking Standards (CPAR, CLCF)
Clarity
Precision
Disciplined thinking governed by clear intellectual standards.
Clarity, Precision, Accuracy, Relevance, Consistency, Logical…
To understand clearly what is being stated
The quality of being accurate, definite, and exact
Critical Thinking
Disciplined thinking governed by clear intellectual standards.
Critical Thinking Standards (CPAR, CLCF)
Clarity, Precision, Accuracy, Relevance, Consistency, Logical…
28 terms
Critical Thinking (Chapter 3)
deductive argument
inductive reasoning
modus ponens (deductive)
affirming the consequent
an argument in which one reasons from premises that are true…
an argument which shows that the conclusions are probable o…
If A, then B.... A.... Therefore, B.... Example: If I have prepared th…
If A, then B.... B.... Therefore, A.... (not logically reliable)
deductive argument
an argument in which one reasons from premises that are true…
inductive reasoning
an argument which shows that the conclusions are probable o…
11 terms
Critical Thinking (Chapter 2)
Argument
Argument Examples
Non-Argument Examples
Rhetorical Question
A collection of statements in which premises are offered to s…
Rhetorical Question or Ought Imperative
Reports, Unsupported Assertions, Conditional Statements, Illu…
A sentence that has the grammatical form of a question but is…
Argument
A collection of statements in which premises are offered to s…
Argument Examples
Rhetorical Question or Ought Imperative
13 terms
critical thinking
Vagueness
Ambiguity
Rhetoric
Rhetorical ploy
lack of clarity
more than one meaning ... -contains more than one meaning... lexic…
attempt to persuade someone to believe, desire or do somethin…
...
Vagueness
lack of clarity
Ambiguity
more than one meaning ... -contains more than one meaning... lexic…
11 terms
Critical Thinking
avoiding bias
different opinions
look for details
go out of your comfort zone
analyzing sources
view points
drawing conclusions
thinking outside the box
avoiding bias
analyzing sources
different opinions
view points
40 terms
Critical Thinking
Initial Plausibility
Background information
Interested Parties
Disinterested Parties
A rough assessment of how credible a claim seems to us.
Immense body of justified beliefs that consists of facts we l…
A person who stands to gain from our belief in a claim
Those who have no stake in our belier one way or another
Initial Plausibility
A rough assessment of how credible a claim seems to us.
Background information
Immense body of justified beliefs that consists of facts we l…
25 terms
Critical Thinking -Key Terms
Conclusion
Reason
Counter-Assertion
Hypothetical Reasoning
A statement of something that the writer wants the reader to…
A statement that aims to persuade the reader to accept a conc…
An opinion which is opposed to the conclusion which the write…
A claim which predicts what will happen if something else hap…
Conclusion
A statement of something that the writer wants the reader to…
Reason
A statement that aims to persuade the reader to accept a conc…
critical thinking
critical thinking
deductive reasoning
Inductive reasoning
Benner's Stages of Nursing Expertise
is based on principles of science and scientific method. (Nur…
A form of cognition that starts with general information and…
Collecting data to draw a conclusion that may or may not be t…
Novice: No experience; Governed by context free rules and reg…
critical thinking
is based on principles of science and scientific method. (Nur…
deductive reasoning
A form of cognition that starts with general information and…
Critical Thinking
Argumentation
Coercion
Debate
good reason
discussion, debate, disputation
force or the power use force in gaining power compliance
to engage in argument and discussion
good judgment forming conclusion
Argumentation
discussion, debate, disputation
Coercion
force or the power use force in gaining power compliance
14 terms
Critical thinking
Genetic fallacy
Composition
Division
Appeal to the person
Arguing that a claim is true or false soley because of its or…
Arguing that what is true of the parts must be true of the wh…
Arguing that what is true of the whole must be true of the pa…
Rejecting the claim by criticizing the person who makes it ra…
Genetic fallacy
Arguing that a claim is true or false soley because of its or…
Composition
Arguing that what is true of the parts must be true of the wh…
30 terms
critical thinking
Critical thinking... 1. definition... 2. fun…
reportive definition
stipulative definition
precising definition
1. the ability to think clearly and rationally... 2. - Identifyi…
the existing meaning of a term
assigning a new meaning to a term
making the existing meaning of a term more precise for some p…
Critical thinking... 1. definition... 2. fun…
1. the ability to think clearly and rationally... 2. - Identifyi…
reportive definition
the existing meaning of a term
9 terms
Critical thinking
Analogy
Principle
Count A
Double R
Something which is seen as similar to what is being argued
More than just a reason:strongly held belief/rule like statem…
Counter assertion/argument
Two reason
Analogy
Something which is seen as similar to what is being argued
Principle
More than just a reason:strongly held belief/rule like statem…
11 terms
Critical thinking
Argument
Reason
Conclusion
Counter assertion
one or more reasons that give support to a conclusion. An arg…
a statement that aims to persuade you to accept a conclusion.…
a statement of something that you should/shouldn't do or beli…
a reason that would support an opponents argument. Authors ma…
Argument
one or more reasons that give support to a conclusion. An arg…
Reason
a statement that aims to persuade you to accept a conclusion.…
58 terms
critical thinking
synonymous
word origin
operational
genus and difference
assigns meaning to a term by providing another term with the…
assigns meaning to a term by investigation its origin
defines a term by specifying a measurement procedure... GPA
assigns meaning to a term (the species) by establishing a gen…
synonymous
assigns meaning to a term by providing another term with the…
word origin
assigns meaning to a term by investigation its origin
97 terms
Critical Thinking
a. Critical thinking skills are never…
False... Intellectually unfair people fee…
True... Correct. Critical thinkers are in…
c. Deal with your ego... It is an example…
Which of the following statements is false?... a. Critical thin…
Fair-minded people feel no responsibility to represent viewpo…
Intellectual humility is a character trait of critical thinke…
Asking the question, "Did I try to impose my will on others?"…
a. Critical thinking skills are never…
Which of the following statements is false?... a. Critical thin…
False... Intellectually unfair people fee…
Fair-minded people feel no responsibility to represent viewpo…
93 terms
Critical Thinking
Panning for Gold
Strong sense critical thinking
Why do we ask questions
Asking Analytical questions
Metaphor to remind us that extracting valuable understanding…
About our own reasoning processes as we seek to understand wh…
To acquire the deepest possible understanding of what is bein…
to comprehend arguments in what we read and hear and observe…
Panning for Gold
Metaphor to remind us that extracting valuable understanding…
Strong sense critical thinking
About our own reasoning processes as we seek to understand wh…
18 terms
Critical Thinking
Argument
Assumption
Claim
Conclusion
An attempt to persuade a reader (or listener) to accept or be…
This is a missing/underlying reason in an argument. The write…
A statement or judgment that can be challenged
What the writer wants you to think or do
Argument
An attempt to persuade a reader (or listener) to accept or be…
Assumption
This is a missing/underlying reason in an argument. The write…
24 terms
Critical Thinking
A computer scientist announces that he…
Nature has laws - physicists have disc…
Meta-
Conditional statement
Should you believe this argument?... No, because what if the sa…
Should you believe this argument?... No, because (Equivocation)…
- as being about its own category... -as a higher level of abstr…
1) if-then statement ... 2) it's not the case that A => denial…
A computer scientist announces that he…
Should you believe this argument?... No, because what if the sa…
Nature has laws - physicists have disc…
Should you believe this argument?... No, because (Equivocation)…
59 terms
Critical Thinking
Induction
Loss Aversion
Social Loafing
Exponential growth
The inclination to draw universal certainties from individual…
the fear of losing something is more motivating than the pros…
Why invest all your energy when only half will do?
We have a hard time calculating %'s. We would rather take the…
Induction
The inclination to draw universal certainties from individual…
Loss Aversion
the fear of losing something is more motivating than the pros…
12 terms
Critical Thinking
Critical Thinking
Problem
Opinon
Consequences
Testing existing ideas and/or solutions for flaws and errors.…
In step one of the critical thinking process, you need to ide…
In step two of the critical thinking process, you need to dis…
In step three of the critical thinking process, you need to l…
Critical Thinking
Testing existing ideas and/or solutions for flaws and errors.…
Problem
In step one of the critical thinking process, you need to ide…
12 terms
Critical Thinking
Remember
Understand
Apply
Analyze
What four factors lead to World War I?
Write a summary report of an event.
How does the law of supply and demand explain the... current inc…
What lessons did America learn from World War II?
Remember
What four factors lead to World War I?
Understand
Write a summary report of an event.
14 terms
Critical Thinking
• develop/plan/design a curriculum in…
• teach a course that moves beyond tea…
• We felt an obligation to our student…
a text that would actively involve them
v + curriculum + prep.... adj + curriculum
beyond
obligation
adv + involve
• develop/plan/design a curriculum in…
v + curriculum + prep.... adj + curriculum
• teach a course that moves beyond tea…
beyond
29 terms
Critical Thinking
Socrates
Socratic Method
Socratic Irony
Aristotle
Philosopher, 500 BCE, Athens; "Living a Socratic Life"
Discussion and discourse. Socrates poses a question, listens…
People are ignorant to their own own ignorance
Believed that Humans are "rational animals" and are happiest…
Socrates
Philosopher, 500 BCE, Athens; "Living a Socratic Life"
Socratic Method
Discussion and discourse. Socrates poses a question, listens…
33 terms
Critical Thinking
Argument
Rant
Explanation
List of information
An attempt to pursude someone to accept a different point of…
Series of opinionated statements
Presents something factual
Related statements to give information
Argument
An attempt to pursude someone to accept a different point of…
Rant
Series of opinionated statements
19 terms
critical thinking
opinions
facts
uninformed
informed
personal statement of beliefs, I think, I believe, I predict.…
truth known by actual experience or observation, something kn…
not having or showing awareness or understanding of facts.
having or showing knowledge of a particular subject or situat…
opinions
personal statement of beliefs, I think, I believe, I predict.…
facts
truth known by actual experience or observation, something kn…
68 terms
Critical Thinking
Classify
Referents
Genus
Species
To group things into species and genuses according to their s…
The class of things for which a concept stands.
A class of things regarded as having various subcategories (i…
A class of things regarded as a subcategory of a wider class…
Classify
To group things into species and genuses according to their s…
Referents
The class of things for which a concept stands.
12 terms
Critical Thinking
Part 2
Critical thinking
Part 1
Part 3
Evaluate thinking-- Strengths and Weaknesses
The way you approach everything you do in a self- directed, -…
Analyse ones own thinking
Improve thinking
Part 2
Evaluate thinking-- Strengths and Weaknesses
Critical thinking
The way you approach everything you do in a self- directed, -…
19 terms
Critical Thinking
Emotive Meaning/Rhetorical Force
Rhetoric
Rhetorical Devices
Slanters
The positive or negative associations of a word; a word's rhe…
In our usage, "rhetoric" is language used primarily to persua…
are used to influence beliefs or attitudes through the associ…
A linguistic device used to affect opinions, attitudes, or be…
Emotive Meaning/Rhetorical Force
The positive or negative associations of a word; a word's rhe…
Rhetoric
In our usage, "rhetoric" is language used primarily to persua…
35 terms
Critical Thinking
To give reasons for or against a propo…
This term refers to a discussion in wh…
To break up a whole into its parts, to…
To take for granted or to presuppose.
argue
argument
analyze
to assume
To give reasons for or against a propo…
argue
This term refers to a discussion in wh…
argument
11 terms
Critical Thinking
Respond
Recall
Compare
Interpret
To give an answer
Remember or think back to something
Similarities and differences
Explain
Respond
To give an answer
Recall
Remember or think back to something
18 terms
Critical Thinking
Critical Thinking
Inductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
Deductive Reasoning
purposeful, goal directed thinking
In Order: ... Observation... Pattern... Hypothesis... Theory
OBSERVATIONS...FORM PATTERNS...THAT LEAD TO... GENERALIZED CONCL…
In Order: ... Theory... hypothesis... observation... conformation
Critical Thinking
purposeful, goal directed thinking
Inductive Reasoning
In Order: ... Observation... Pattern... Hypothesis... Theory
11 terms
Critical Thinking
Skim
Scan
How to Skim
How to scan
To look over the texts quickly in order to find the general i…
To look over the texts quickly to find specific information
1. Title ... 2. Subtitle ... 3. Introductory paragraph ... 4. Heading…
1. Organization ... 2. Questions ... 3. Word clues ... 4. Answer Locat…
Skim
To look over the texts quickly in order to find the general i…
Scan
To look over the texts quickly to find specific information
12 terms
Critical Thinking
Book
Atlas
Church
Table
a collections of pages with information
address points
place to fellowship
object with four legs
Book
a collections of pages with information
Atlas
address points
20 terms
Critical Thinking
Opinion
Facts
Uninformed
Informed
A personal statement of beliefs. Uses I think, I believe, I p…
Piece of information that is verifiable. It can be checked.
Opinions will often be supported by more opinions or inadequa…
Evidence is provided to support your ideas or thoughts. Suffi…
Opinion
A personal statement of beliefs. Uses I think, I believe, I p…
Facts
Piece of information that is verifiable. It can be checked.
25 terms
Critical Thinking
At the dualistic stage of research, se…
A method of critical analysis in which…
The process of acquiring advanced thin…
The study of the methods and principle…
Confirmation Bias
Method of Belief
Cognitive Development
Logic
At the dualistic stage of research, se…
Confirmation Bias
A method of critical analysis in which…
Method of Belief
26 terms
Critical Thinking
Ad Rem
Ad Hominem
Transductive Logic
Inductive Logic/Bottom-Up
Attacking the issue
Attacking the human person
Reason from specific to specific
Reason from specific to general
Ad Rem
Attacking the issue
Ad Hominem
Attacking the human person
110 terms
Critical Thinking
What is critical thinking?
Three interrelated dimensions: analyze
Three interrelated dimensions: evaluate
Three interrelated dimensions: improve
Thinking systematically about one's thinking in order to impr…
See it as something constructed out of parts
identify weaknesses and recognize strengths
overcome the natural tendency of the mind to be rigid (and to…
What is critical thinking?
Thinking systematically about one's thinking in order to impr…
Three interrelated dimensions: analyze
See it as something constructed out of parts
22 terms
Critical Thinking
Faulty Premise
Exclusive Premise
Affirmative from a Negative
Negative from an Affirmative
when the premise is wrong, therefore the argument is invalid
all negative
drawing affirmative from at least one negative
drawing a negative from two positives
Faulty Premise
when the premise is wrong, therefore the argument is invalid
Exclusive Premise
all negative
8 terms
Critical Thinking
Evaluation
Synthesis
Analysis
Application
Blooms taxonomy - highest level, ability to judge the value o…
Blooms taxonomy - bringing ideas together to form a new plan,…
Blooms taxonomy - breaking down material into its parts so th…
Blooms taxonomy - using what you have learned, such as rules…
Evaluation
Blooms taxonomy - highest level, ability to judge the value o…
Synthesis
Blooms taxonomy - bringing ideas together to form a new plan,…
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