Study sets matching "critical thinking"

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Study sets matching "critical thinking"

30 terms
Critical Thinking
purpose
interpretation
concept
assumption
(n) the reason why something is done or used
(n) the act or result of explaining or interpreting something
(n) an idea of what something is or how it works
(n) something that is believed to be true or probably true bu…
purpose
(n) the reason why something is done or used
interpretation
(n) the act or result of explaining or interpreting something
Critical Thinking, Critical Thinking, Riddles
Argumentation
Coercion
Debate
good reason
discussion, debate, disputation
force or the power use force in gaining power compliance
to engage in argument and discussion
good judgment forming conclusion
Argumentation
discussion, debate, disputation
Coercion
force or the power use force in gaining power compliance
Critical thinking
The word critical comes from the Greek…
Critical thinking is not just for the…
Critical thinking requires learning --…
One characteristic of effective critic…
True
true
How, What
False
The word critical comes from the Greek…
True
Critical thinking is not just for the…
true
40 terms
Critical Thinking
Initial Plausibility
Background information
Interested Parties
Disinterested Parties
A rough assessment of how credible a claim seems to us.
Immense body of justified beliefs that consists of facts we l…
A person who stands to gain from our belief in a claim
Those who have no stake in our belier one way or another
Initial Plausibility
A rough assessment of how credible a claim seems to us.
Background information
Immense body of justified beliefs that consists of facts we l…
117 terms
critical thinking final
c. 8mm
b. proximal obstruction
c, Elevated ALP is the most specific i…
true
In a postmenopausal women on hormone replacement therapy (HRT…
Continuous venous flow in the lower extremity indicates the f…
Markedly elevated ALP (alkaline phosphatase) most likely indi…
true or false: Endometrial Hyperplasia is the most common cau…
c. 8mm
In a postmenopausal women on hormone replacement therapy (HRT…
b. proximal obstruction
Continuous venous flow in the lower extremity indicates the f…
10 terms
Critical Thinking
critical
argument
assertion
premise
Set of skills for evaluating all claims in an open-minded and…
A single assertion or a series of assertions presented and de…
A declaration or statement
A statement upon which an argument is based or from which a c…
critical
Set of skills for evaluating all claims in an open-minded and…
argument
A single assertion or a series of assertions presented and de…
Critical Thinking
critical thinking
arguments
premises
statement
the skill of correctly evaluating arguments made by others an…
an attempt to provide reasons for thinking that some belief i…
reasons given to support a conclusion
a sentence that makes a claim that is either true or false
critical thinking
the skill of correctly evaluating arguments made by others an…
arguments
an attempt to provide reasons for thinking that some belief i…
Critical Thinking, Key Concepts
Critical Thinking
Clarity
Precision
Logical Correctness
A wide range of skills for (a) identifying, analyzing, and ev…
A clear expression of ideas is precise (not vague/fuzzy), spe…
Exactitude; lacking any vagueness, fuzziness.
Logically correct reasoning provides strong or conclusive sup…
Critical Thinking
A wide range of skills for (a) identifying, analyzing, and ev…
Clarity
A clear expression of ideas is precise (not vague/fuzzy), spe…
Critical Thinking
Critical Thinking
Aspects of Critical thinking
Dispositions
Criteria
The disciplined art of ensuring that you are using the best t…
Dispositions ... Criteria... Argument... Reasoning... Point of View... Proce…
Open mindedness
Conditions to be met to be believable.
Critical Thinking
The disciplined art of ensuring that you are using the best t…
Aspects of Critical thinking
Dispositions ... Criteria... Argument... Reasoning... Point of View... Proce…
26 terms
Critical Thinking
Fact Becomes Fiction
Competence, Character, Connectedness
The Straw Man fallacy is committed whe…
Competency
The View that the World is Flat is an example of what?
Whenever we read an article, in order to determine if it reli…
What is The Straw Man Fallacy?
Experience, Credentials, Reputation is an example of which me…
Fact Becomes Fiction
The View that the World is Flat is an example of what?
Competence, Character, Connectedness
Whenever we read an article, in order to determine if it reli…
11 terms
Critical Thinking
Respond
Recall
Compare
Interpret
To give an answer
Remember or think back to something
Similarities and differences
Explain
Respond
To give an answer
Recall
Remember or think back to something
58 terms
Critical Thinking
Induction
Deduction
Causal Claims
Claims about the beliefs and attitudes…
moving from specific to general ... o Arguments based on observa…
moving from general to specific ... o Arguments based on laws, r…
treatment X causes improvement in Y... o Cause must precede the…
The American people want a smaller government
Induction
moving from specific to general ... o Arguments based on observa…
Deduction
moving from general to specific ... o Arguments based on laws, r…
93 terms
Critical Thinking
Panning for Gold
Strong sense critical thinking
Why do we ask questions
Asking Analytical questions
Metaphor to remind us that extracting valuable understanding…
About our own reasoning processes as we seek to understand wh…
To acquire the deepest possible understanding of what is bein…
to comprehend arguments in what we read and hear and observe…
Panning for Gold
Metaphor to remind us that extracting valuable understanding…
Strong sense critical thinking
About our own reasoning processes as we seek to understand wh…
Critical Thinking
Induction
Loss Aversion
Social Loafing
Exponential growth
The inclination to draw universal certainties from individual…
the fear of losing something is more motivating than the pros…
Why invest all your energy when only half will do?
We have a hard time calculating %'s. We would rather take the…
Induction
The inclination to draw universal certainties from individual…
Loss Aversion
the fear of losing something is more motivating than the pros…
Critical Thinking
A computer scientist announces that he…
Nature has laws - physicists have disc…
Meta-
Conditional statement
Should you believe this argument?... No, because what if the sa…
Should you believe this argument?... No, because (Equivocation)…
- as being about its own category... -as a higher level of abstr…
1) if-then statement ... 2) it's not the case that A => denial…
A computer scientist announces that he…
Should you believe this argument?... No, because what if the sa…
Nature has laws - physicists have disc…
Should you believe this argument?... No, because (Equivocation)…
58 terms
critical thinking
synonymous
word origin
operational
genus and difference
assigns meaning to a term by providing another term with the…
assigns meaning to a term by investigation its origin
defines a term by specifying a measurement procedure... GPA
assigns meaning to a term (the species) by establishing a gen…
synonymous
assigns meaning to a term by providing another term with the…
word origin
assigns meaning to a term by investigation its origin
33 terms
Critical Thinking
Explanation
Description
Claim
Opinion
Explaining why something is what it is (no persuasion)
Saying how something is (no persuasion)
Something that is thought to be true but might not be (Reason…
Statement of a person's beliefs and ideas
Explanation
Explaining why something is what it is (no persuasion)
Description
Saying how something is (no persuasion)
68 terms
Critical Thinking
Classify
Referents
Genus
Species
To group things into species and genuses according to their s…
The class of things for which a concept stands.
A class of things regarded as having various subcategories (i…
A class of things regarded as a subcategory of a wider class…
Classify
To group things into species and genuses according to their s…
Referents
The class of things for which a concept stands.
29 terms
Critical Thinking
Socrates
Socratic Method
Socratic Irony
Aristotle
Philosopher, 500 BCE, Athens; "Living a Socratic Life"
Discussion and discourse. Socrates poses a question, listens…
People are ignorant to their own own ignorance
Believed that Humans are "rational animals" and are happiest…
Socrates
Philosopher, 500 BCE, Athens; "Living a Socratic Life"
Socratic Method
Discussion and discourse. Socrates poses a question, listens…
Critical Thinking
At the dualistic stage of research, se…
A method of critical analysis in which…
The process of acquiring advanced thin…
The study of the methods and principle…
Confirmation Bias
Method of Belief
Cognitive Development
Logic
At the dualistic stage of research, se…
Confirmation Bias
A method of critical analysis in which…
Method of Belief
20 terms
Critical Thinking
Opinion
Facts
Uninformed
Informed
A personal statement of beliefs. Uses I think, I believe, I p…
Piece of information that is verifiable. It can be checked.
Opinions will often be supported by more opinions or inadequa…
Evidence is provided to support your ideas or thoughts. Suffi…
Opinion
A personal statement of beliefs. Uses I think, I believe, I p…
Facts
Piece of information that is verifiable. It can be checked.
5 terms
Critical Thinking
Argument
Critical Thinking
Worldview
Deductive Argument
A group of statements in which some of the premises are inten…
The systematic evaluation or formulation of beliefs, or state…
Set of beliefs that make us sense of a wide range of issues i…
An argument intended to provide logically conclusive support…
Argument
A group of statements in which some of the premises are inten…
Critical Thinking
The systematic evaluation or formulation of beliefs, or state…
Critical Thinking
Ad Rem
Ad Hominem
Transductive Logic
Inductive Logic/Bottom-Up
Attacking the issue
Attacking the human person
Reason from specific to specific
Reason from specific to general
Ad Rem
Attacking the issue
Ad Hominem
Attacking the human person
21 terms
critical thinking
Feeling
Thinking
Critical Thinking
Bias
A subjective response that reflects emotion, sentiment, or de…
A conscious mental process performed to solve a problem, make…
evaluation... The process by which we test claims and arguments…
prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group…
Feeling
A subjective response that reflects emotion, sentiment, or de…
Thinking
A conscious mental process performed to solve a problem, make…
12 terms
Critical Thinking
Part 2
Critical thinking
Part 1
Part 3
Evaluate thinking-- Strengths and Weaknesses
The way you approach everything you do in a self- directed, -…
Analyse ones own thinking
Improve thinking
Part 2
Evaluate thinking-- Strengths and Weaknesses
Critical thinking
The way you approach everything you do in a self- directed, -…
37 terms
Critical Thinking
Opinion
Unwarranted
Warranted
Axiom
Our inferences (decisions) about life.
disregard or ignorance about standards, codes, and customs
depend on knowledge of standards, codes, and customs.... Example…
An assumption as a basis for development of a subject.... -Think…
Opinion
Our inferences (decisions) about life.
Unwarranted
disregard or ignorance about standards, codes, and customs
Critical Thinking
what is the constitution
Changing the constitution is called?
How many amendments have there been?
What are the 3 branches of our governm…
supreme law of the land
amendments
27
Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary
what is the constitution
supreme law of the land
Changing the constitution is called?
amendments
12 terms
Critical Thinking
Full Support/Validity
Fallacy of Equivocation
Deductively Valid
Inductively Strong
The premises of an argument fully support the conclusion when…
Occurs when the force of the argument depends upon shifts of…
Full support
Not deductively valid and if the premises were to be true, th…
Full Support/Validity
The premises of an argument fully support the conclusion when…
Fallacy of Equivocation
Occurs when the force of the argument depends upon shifts of…
Critical Thinking
fallacy
argument from ignorance
shifting the burden of truth
method of tenacity
an incorrect conclusion derived from faulty evidence
assuming that unless something is proven to be false, it must…
a type of fallacy in which the person that would ordinarily h…
info is accepted as true because it has always been believed…
fallacy
an incorrect conclusion derived from faulty evidence
argument from ignorance
assuming that unless something is proven to be false, it must…
Critical Thinking
Critical Thinking
Characteristics that embody a proficie…
First step to becoming a proficient CT…
Open-mindedness
-How intelligence & knowledge is used... -Used to reach objectiv…
-Thinking logically and efficiently... -philosophical... -mathema…
-Open-mindedness... -healthy skepticism... -Intellectual humility... -…
Be willing to investigate viewpoints different from your own.
Critical Thinking
-How intelligence & knowledge is used... -Used to reach objectiv…
Characteristics that embody a proficie…
-Thinking logically and efficiently... -philosophical... -mathema…
38 terms
Critical Thinking
Conclusion
Explanation
Indicator words
Inference
Statement that the premises are intended to support
Tell us why or how something is the case
Signal that a premise or conclusion is present
the process of reasoning from a premises to a conclusion base…
Conclusion
Statement that the premises are intended to support
Explanation
Tell us why or how something is the case
CRITICAL THINKING
what is culture conflict
what is culture
what is cultural blindness
what is cultural imposition
people become aware of the cultural differences and are threa…
"Shared system of values, beliefs, traditions, behavior, verb…
ignore the differences
the belief that everyone should think like you
what is culture conflict
people become aware of the cultural differences and are threa…
what is culture
"Shared system of values, beliefs, traditions, behavior, verb…
23 terms
Logic & Critical Thinking Fallacies
Red Herring
Appealing to Pity
Appealing to Prejudice
Appealing to Tradition
When the speaker brings in something... to distract the attentio…
When an arguer tries to get people to... accept a conclusion by…
When the writers of an argument... benefit from appealing to the…
When the line of thinking asserts that... the premise must be tr…
Red Herring
When the speaker brings in something... to distract the attentio…
Appealing to Pity
When an arguer tries to get people to... accept a conclusion by…
124 terms
Critical Thinking
Euphemism
Dysphemism
Weaseler
Downplayer
An indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is c…
substitution of a more offensive or disparaging word or phras…
An expression used to protect a claim from criticism by weake…
A word or short phrase that downplays the significance or one…
Euphemism
An indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is c…
Dysphemism
substitution of a more offensive or disparaging word or phras…
23 terms
Critical Thinking- Compromises to critical thinking
Appeal to Authority
Appeal to Fear
Appeal to Ignorance
Appeal to Pity/ emotion... (ad misericord…
Using an authority (book, agency, person) "expert" to convinc…
X causes fear-Y has some relationship to X-So Y must be true-…
Something is NOT TRUE b/c it has NOT been PROVEN. Something i…
Emotional manipulation to replace thought w/o demonstrating a…
Appeal to Authority
Using an authority (book, agency, person) "expert" to convinc…
Appeal to Fear
X causes fear-Y has some relationship to X-So Y must be true-…
Critical Thinking
avoiding bias
different opinions
look for details
go out of your comfort zone
analyzing sources
view points
drawing conclusions
thinking outside the box
avoiding bias
analyzing sources
different opinions
view points
15 terms
Critical Thinking
What are the seven affective attitudes…
Intellectual humility... Knowing and acce…
Intellectual Courage-... The willingness…
Intellectual Empathy-... Imagining yourse…
humility, courage, empathy, integrity, perseverance, reason,…
limits, seek more information, prejudices, biases, approach
ideas, viewpoints, beliefs, agree, perspectives, validity
viewpoint, concerns, actions, emotions
What are the seven affective attitudes…
humility, courage, empathy, integrity, perseverance, reason,…
Intellectual humility... Knowing and acce…
limits, seek more information, prejudices, biases, approach
29 terms
Logic & Critical Thinking
Reasoning
Inference
Statement
Argument
Finding a relationship between thoughts
the special relationship between different thoughts
is a sentence that is used to make a claim that is either tru…
a set of statements that claim something or another
Reasoning
Finding a relationship between thoughts
Inference
the special relationship between different thoughts
17 terms
Critical Thinking
Critical Thinking
Theory
Script
Self-Serving Bias
The process of considering all options and not relying solely…
A general statement or principle applicable to related phenom…
A template or organizational structure describing the sequenc…
A bias in the self-attribution process that leads us to take…
Critical Thinking
The process of considering all options and not relying solely…
Theory
A general statement or principle applicable to related phenom…
7 terms
Critical Thinking
sees the world objectively and asks qu…
taking in sound
attaching meaning to sound
the expression of attitude and point o…
What does a critical thinker do?
What is hearing?
What is listening?
What is tone?
sees the world objectively and asks qu…
What does a critical thinker do?
taking in sound
What is hearing?
77 terms
Critical Thinking
accent
ad hominem
modus ponens
affirming the consequent
A fallacy that arises when words of sentences are taken out o…
Also known as attacking the person. The fallacy of using a ne…
Affirming the antecedent, a deductively valid argument form:…
A formal fallacy(invalid): ... If P then Q. ... Q. ... Therefore, P.
accent
A fallacy that arises when words of sentences are taken out o…
ad hominem
Also known as attacking the person. The fallacy of using a ne…
11 terms
Critical thinking chapter 1
Truth-value
Standardizing an argument
Critical thinking
Argument
A technical way of indicating whether a statement is true or…
1: look for an attempt to convince 2: find the conclusion 3:…
The skill of making decisions based on good reasons. When you…
An attempt to provide reasons for thinking that some belief i…
Truth-value
A technical way of indicating whether a statement is true or…
Standardizing an argument
1: look for an attempt to convince 2: find the conclusion 3:…
40 terms
Critical Thinking
Initial Plausibility
Background information
Interested Parties
Disinterested Parties
A rough assessment of how credible a claim seems to us.
Immense body of justified beliefs that consists of facts we l…
A person who stands to gain from our belief in a claim
Those who have no stake in our belier one way or another
Initial Plausibility
A rough assessment of how credible a claim seems to us.
Background information
Immense body of justified beliefs that consists of facts we l…
Critical Thinking
Analyze
Evaluate
Apathy
Reflect
To separate into constituent parts or elements, determine the…
To judge or determine the significance, worth or quality of
Absence or suppression of passion, emotion, or excitement... -la…
To think, ponder or meditate
Analyze
To separate into constituent parts or elements, determine the…
Evaluate
To judge or determine the significance, worth or quality of
Critical Thinking
1. Intellectual Courage
2. Intellectual Empathy
3. Intellectual Humility
4. Intellectual Independence
1. May be defined as having a consciousness of the need to fa…
2. is to be able to accurately reconstruct the viewpoints and…
3. Having a consciousness of the limits of one's knowledge, i…
4. the fact or state of being independent.
1. Intellectual Courage
1. May be defined as having a consciousness of the need to fa…
2. Intellectual Empathy
2. is to be able to accurately reconstruct the viewpoints and…
critical thinking
critical thinking
deductive reasoning
Inductive reasoning
Benner's Stages of Nursing Expertise
is based on principles of science and scientific method. (Nur…
A form of cognition that starts with general information and…
Collecting data to draw a conclusion that may or may not be t…
Novice: No experience; Governed by context free rules and reg…
critical thinking
is based on principles of science and scientific method. (Nur…
deductive reasoning
A form of cognition that starts with general information and…
Critical Thinking
Argumentation
Coercion
Debate
good reason
discussion, debate, disputation
force or the power use force in gaining power compliance
to engage in argument and discussion
good judgment forming conclusion
Argumentation
discussion, debate, disputation
Coercion
force or the power use force in gaining power compliance
30 terms
critical thinking
Critical thinking... 1. definition... 2. fun…
reportive definition
stipulative definition
precising definition
1. the ability to think clearly and rationally... 2. - Identifyi…
the existing meaning of a term
assigning a new meaning to a term
making the existing meaning of a term more precise for some p…
Critical thinking... 1. definition... 2. fun…
1. the ability to think clearly and rationally... 2. - Identifyi…
reportive definition
the existing meaning of a term
Critical Thinking
This is about how one uses intelligenc…
are essentially philosophical and math…
Comprehend Critical Thinking and/or it…
The first step to becoming a proficien…
Critical thinking
Logic and analysis
cognitive objectives
proper attitude
This is about how one uses intelligenc…
Critical thinking
are essentially philosophical and math…
Logic and analysis
18 terms
Critical Thinking
Critical thinking
Clinical reasoning
baseline knowledge
information gathering/data collection
involves the application of knowledge and experience to ident…
uses critical thinking, knowledge, and experience to develop…
includes content learned in prerequisite courses, nursing-spe…
focus of this is often based on knowledge gaps
Critical thinking
involves the application of knowledge and experience to ident…
Clinical reasoning
uses critical thinking, knowledge, and experience to develop…
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