Study sets matching "cross sectional anatomy"

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Study sets matching "cross sectional anatomy"

37 terms
cross sectional anatomy - thorax
nasopharynx
oropharynx
laryngopharynx
C2
A
B
C
A
nasopharynx
A
oropharynx
B
43 terms
Anatomy: Cross-sectional thorax
esophagus (T3)
left brachiocephalic vein (T3)
right brachiocephalic vein (T3)
brachiocephalic artery (T3)
esophagus (T3)
left brachiocephalic vein (T3)
43 terms
Anatomy: Cross-sectional thorax
esophagus (T3)
left brachiocephalic vein (T3)
right brachiocephalic vein (T3)
brachiocephalic artery (T3)
esophagus (T3)
left brachiocephalic vein (T3)
37 terms
cross sectional anatomy - thorax
nasopharynx
oropharynx
laryngopharynx
C2
A
B
C
A
nasopharynx
A
oropharynx
B
cross sectional anatomy
Greater sac
Lesser sac
Omentum
greater omentum
extends from diaphragm to pelvis
diverticulum or extension of greater sac & posterior to stomach
double layer of peritoneum folding
"apron" double layer of peritoneal extending from greater cur…
Greater sac
extends from diaphragm to pelvis
Lesser sac
diverticulum or extension of greater sac & posterior to stomach
146 terms
Cross Sectional Anatomy: Intro
Sectional anatomy
Relational anatomy
Body plane
Transverse (axial) views
How organs appear in various sectional views
How body cavities, organs, vessels, membranes, potential spac…
Imaginary line drawn through the body which separates it into…
Looks at the inferior aspect of the slice... Vantage point is as…
Sectional anatomy
How organs appear in various sectional views
Relational anatomy
How body cavities, organs, vessels, membranes, potential spac…
86 terms
Cross Sectional Anatomy-#1
Radiography
parallax distortion
CT scans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
plain film based on densities or appearances
objects may appear closer or farther away based on their phys…
computerized tomography, uses densities in Hounsfield units (…
creates image based on the magnetic behavior of H+ atoms in h…
Radiography
plain film based on densities or appearances
parallax distortion
objects may appear closer or farther away based on their phys…
61 terms
CROSS SECTIONAL ANATOMY
Axial (or transverse) CT image of mid-…
True
Axial CT Pelvis through Femoral Heads
Axial or Transverse Images
What is the term for this image type of cross sectional anato…
T/F:... An axial image is displayed as if you are standing at f…
What region of the body does it represent? What slice of the…
What is the term for a slice that passes horizontally thrroug…
Axial (or transverse) CT image of mid-…
What is the term for this image type of cross sectional anato…
True
T/F:... An axial image is displayed as if you are standing at f…
12 terms
Cross-sectional anatomy
Gray matter
Posterior horn
Gray commissure
Lateral horn
1
2
3
4
Gray matter
1
Posterior horn
2
44 terms
Reflexes and cross sectional anatomy
posterior gray commisure
posterior median sulcus
posterior gray horn
lateral horn
1
2
3
4
posterior gray commisure
1
posterior median sulcus
2
79 terms
Cross Sectional Anatomy- CT
Axial
Coronal
Sagittal
Oblique
Also referred to as transverse plane... Transects the body from…
A longitudinal plane dividing the body into anterior and post…
A longitudinal plane dividing the body into right and left po…
A longitudinal or transverse plane that is at an angle or sla…
Axial
Also referred to as transverse plane... Transects the body from…
Coronal
A longitudinal plane dividing the body into anterior and post…
22 terms
Cross sectional anatomy intro
2 imaging modalities dealing with cros…
planes used in cross sectional anatomy
coronal is seen as
sagittal is seen as
ct & mri
1. axial AKA transverse 2. sagital 3. coronal
an AP image
a lateral image
2 imaging modalities dealing with cros…
ct & mri
planes used in cross sectional anatomy
1. axial AKA transverse 2. sagital 3. coronal
40 terms
cross-sectional anatomy of the pelvis
liver
hepatic duct
duodenum
pancreas
located in the R U Q largest solid organ
drains bile from liver
first part of the small bowel approximately 12 inches
located in the upper transverse abdomen long tapered gland
liver
located in the R U Q largest solid organ
hepatic duct
drains bile from liver
12 terms
Cross-Sectional Anatomy of the Eye
The cornea ______ blood vessels
The cornea is nourished by the fluid b…
The transparent lens located behind th…
The zonule fibers are attached to
Lacks
Aqueous humor
Zonule fibers
Ciliary muscle
The cornea ______ blood vessels
Lacks
The cornea is nourished by the fluid b…
Aqueous humor
81 terms
CT Cross Sectional Anatomy - Everything
Aorta
Internal Auditory Canal
Inferior Vena Cava
Dental Fillings; Metallic items cause…
Number 2 corresponds to which of the following?
Number 5 corresponds to which of the following?
Number 8 corresponds to which of the following?
These streaking artifacts were most likely caused by:
Aorta
Number 2 corresponds to which of the following?
Internal Auditory Canal
Number 5 corresponds to which of the following?
615 terms
Cross-Sectional Anatomy
axial
axial
axial or transverse planes
Coronal planes
also called transverse planes
These transect the body from anterior to posterior and from s…
Most images generated by CT are examples of ?
These planes divides the body into anterior and posterior por…
axial
also called transverse planes
axial
These transect the body from anterior to posterior and from s…
46 terms
Cross sectional & CT anatomy - Thorax
Cross sectional & CT anatomy - Thorax…
Cross sectional & CT anatomy - Thorax…
Cross sectional & CT anatomy - Thorax…
Cross sectional & CT anatomy - Thorax…
Cross sectional & CT anatomy - Thorax…
Cross sectional & CT anatomy - Thorax…
33 terms
Cross Sectional Anatomy Midterm
Right Brachiocephalic Artery
Esophagus
Left Brachiocephalic Vein
Aortic Arch-sausage shaped, Superior V…
3
3
4
4, 3
Right Brachiocephalic Artery
3
Esophagus
3
44 terms
Cross Sectional Anatomy - Pelvis
trigone
pubic symphysis
prostate gland
pelvic brim
area of bladder where ureters enter and urethra leaves; part…
where the two pubic bones meet; pubic bones are part of the g…
the largest accessory gland and its inferior to bladder
divides true from false and it made up sacral prominance to p…
trigone
area of bladder where ureters enter and urethra leaves; part…
pubic symphysis
where the two pubic bones meet; pubic bones are part of the g…
155 terms
Cross Sectional Anatomy
In the region of the neck, arteries ar…
Which muscle is seen most anteriorly o…
on axial ct images of the neck the eso…
The first laryngeal cartilage encounte…
False
platysma
True
epiglottis
In the region of the neck, arteries ar…
False
Which muscle is seen most anteriorly o…
platysma
25 terms
Cross sectional anatomy quiz
The caudate lobe of the liver
Sagittal plane
Coronal plane
retroperitoneal space
Is located in the right lobe of the liver
Lengthwise plane running from front to back dividing the body…
Divides body into anterior and posterior portions
Lies on the posterior abdominal wall behind the parietal peri…
The caudate lobe of the liver
Is located in the right lobe of the liver
Sagittal plane
Lengthwise plane running from front to back dividing the body…
57 terms
Cross Sectional Anatomy- The Head
Frontal bone
Parietal Bones
Temporal Bones
Occipital Bone
Forms the forehead or anterior part of the cranium
Form the sides and roof of the cranium
Form the inferior sides of the cranium
Forms the posterior base of the cranium
Frontal bone
Forms the forehead or anterior part of the cranium
Parietal Bones
Form the sides and roof of the cranium
Neck Cross Sectional Anatomy
IJV
Never
Subclavian V (SC V)
SCM
Name the largest vein in the neck that is a continuation of t…
The internal and external jugular veins _____ join together i…
Identify the vein that the internal and external jugular vein…
Name the muscle that originates at the sternum and inserts at…
IJV
Name the largest vein in the neck that is a continuation of t…
Never
The internal and external jugular veins _____ join together i…
96 terms
Cross-sectional Anatomy
Planes - descriptions
Visceral peritoneum
Visceral pleura
Parietal peritoneum
Transverse / horizontal - separates the body into Superior an…
Covers the abdominal organs
Covers the lungs
Lines the abdominal wall
Planes - descriptions
Transverse / horizontal - separates the body into Superior an…
Visceral peritoneum
Covers the abdominal organs
cross sectional anatomy DMS
the liver is the
location of liver
posterior liver structure
bare area significance
-power house ... ------performs many metabolic activities ... -stor…
-occupies a major portion of the right hypochondrium ... -extend…
-posterior surface of the liver outlines the boundaries of th…
-the bare area is clinically important as it represents a sit…
the liver is the
-power house ... ------performs many metabolic activities ... -stor…
location of liver
-occupies a major portion of the right hypochondrium ... -extend…
81 terms
Cross sectional anatomy neck
length of pharynx
pharynx extends from the
pharynx is subdivided into
what tubes open into the nasopharynx?
12 cm
base of the skull to the level of c6
nasopharynx oropharynx and laryngopharynx
eustachian or auditory tubes
length of pharynx
12 cm
pharynx extends from the
base of the skull to the level of c6
31 terms
Cross Sectional Anatomy Thorax
Costal cartilages
True ribs
Floating ribs
False ribs
Gives ribs flexibility
Ribs 1 to 7
11 and 12
8 to 12
Costal cartilages
Gives ribs flexibility
True ribs
Ribs 1 to 7
67 terms
Cross Sectional Anatomy: Pelvis
sacrum, coccyx, two os coxae
sacral promontory
abdominal cavity from pelvic cavity
sacroiliac joints
What is the bony pelvis made up of?
What is the name of the prominent ridge located on the anteri…
The sacral promontory divides what?
The lateral masses (ala) of the sacrum articulate with the os…
sacrum, coccyx, two os coxae
What is the bony pelvis made up of?
sacral promontory
What is the name of the prominent ridge located on the anteri…
86 terms
Cross Sectional Anatomy: Abdomen
diaphragm, sacral promontory
peritoneum
parietal peritoneum
visceral peritoneum
The abdominal cavity is located between the _________________…
What is the thin serous membrane that lines the abdominal cav…
layer of the peritoneum that lines the abdominal wall
layer of the peritoneum that covers the organs
diaphragm, sacral promontory
The abdominal cavity is located between the _________________…
peritoneum
What is the thin serous membrane that lines the abdominal cav…
141 terms
Cross- Sectional Anatomy Pelvis
what is the bony pelvis made up of
what is the os cosxae also known as
what distributes body weight to the hi…
what is the most inferior portion of t…
sacrum, coccyx, os coxae
hip bone
sacrum
coccyx
what is the bony pelvis made up of
sacrum, coccyx, os coxae
what is the os cosxae also known as
hip bone
Cross Sectional Anatomy Breast
_ out of _ American women will develop…
Breast Cancer
2nd leading cause of cancer death amon…
Early Detection is vital
1; 8
most common type of cancer among the American woman
40 - 59
Survival rate if quickly treated 98%/5 years 95%/10years... trea…
_ out of _ American women will develop…
1; 8
Breast Cancer
most common type of cancer among the American woman
85 terms
Cross- Sectional Anatomy
the small intestine is divided into wh…
the anal canal is the ____________ por…
the anal canal is supported by what mu…
the duodenum nestles the
duodenum, jejunu, ileum
final, intestinal tract
levator ani
pancreatic tail
the small intestine is divided into wh…
duodenum, jejunu, ileum
the anal canal is the ____________ por…
final, intestinal tract
75 terms
Cross Sectional Anatomy: Spine
support weight of body, helps maintain…
cervical and lumbar
thoracic and sacral
body (anterior) and vertebral arch (po…
Function of the vertebral column
Which portion(s) of the spine have a lordotic curve
Which portions of the spine have a kyphotic curve
What are the two main portions of a typical vertebra
support weight of body, helps maintain…
Function of the vertebral column
cervical and lumbar
Which portion(s) of the spine have a lordotic curve
79 terms
Cross Sectional Anatomy- CT
Axial
Coronal
Sagittal
Oblique
Also referred to as transverse plane... Transects the body from…
A longitudinal plane dividing the body into anterior and post…
A longitudinal plane dividing the body into right and left po…
A longitudinal or transverse plane that is at an angle or sla…
Axial
Also referred to as transverse plane... Transects the body from…
Coronal
A longitudinal plane dividing the body into anterior and post…
37 terms
Cross Sectional Anatomy- The Brain
prosencephalon, mesencephalon, rhomben…
diencephalon and telencephalon
myelencephalon and metencephalon
midbrain
The three primary brain vesicles
The prosencephalon develops into two secondary brain vesicles…
The rhombencephalon develops into
The mesencephalon stays the same and is called the
prosencephalon, mesencephalon, rhomben…
The three primary brain vesicles
diencephalon and telencephalon
The prosencephalon develops into two secondary brain vesicles…
Cross Sectional Anatomy Aorta
Aorta Fun Facts
Aorta size
Aorta sonographically
Aorta is _____ to the left lobe of the…
Largest artery in the body... Slightly left of midline ... Retroper…
2.0 - 2.5cm anything bigger determines pathology
Anechoic... Bright echogenic walls... pulsatile
posterior
Aorta Fun Facts
Largest artery in the body... Slightly left of midline ... Retroper…
Aorta size
2.0 - 2.5cm anything bigger determines pathology
26 terms
Overview Cross Section Anatomy
Referred to as transverse plane, divid…
Longitudinal plane, dividing body into…
Longitudinal plane dividing body into…
Longitudinal plane that is at an angle…
axial
coronal
sagittal
oblique
Referred to as transverse plane, divid…
axial
Longitudinal plane, dividing body into…
coronal
41 terms
The Brain - Cross Sectional Anatomy
cerebrum
cerebrum
corpus callosum
falx cerebri
originates from the prosensephalon and the telecephalon. Make…
Makes up the largest part of the brain. Divided into right an…
bundles of nerve fibers that connect the two brain hemispheres
extension of the dura mater between the hemispheres
cerebrum
originates from the prosensephalon and the telecephalon. Make…
cerebrum
Makes up the largest part of the brain. Divided into right an…
cross sectional anatomy
also referred to as transverse plane
axial transects the body from ___ to _…
axial divides the body into ___ and __…
axial should be viewed as if one is at…
axial
anterior ... posterior
inferior ... superior
feet... head... right... top
also referred to as transverse plane
axial
axial transects the body from ___ to _…
anterior ... posterior
Abdomen Cross Sectional Anatomy
Three compartments of the retroperiton…
The spleen is a _____ structure
The transverse colon is a ________stru…
The pancreas is a _____ structure
Anterior pararenal, perirenal, posterior pararenal
intra
intra
retro
Three compartments of the retroperiton…
Anterior pararenal, perirenal, posterior pararenal
The spleen is a _____ structure
intra
63 terms
The brain: Cross Sectional Anatomy
meninges
Dura mater
Arachnoid
Pia mater
are 3 protective membranes that surround and protect the brain
What is the outermost layer of the meninges
What is the middle layer of the meninges
What is the inner layer of the meninges
meninges
are 3 protective membranes that surround and protect the brain
Dura mater
What is the outermost layer of the meninges
91 terms
cross sectional anatomy - brain stuff
falx cerebri
superior sagittal sinus
inferior sagittal sinus
tentorium cerebelli
A
B
C
D
falx cerebri
A
superior sagittal sinus
B
43 terms
Anatomy: Cross-sectional thorax
esophagus (T3)
left brachiocephalic vein (T3)
right brachiocephalic vein (T3)
brachiocephalic artery (T3)
esophagus (T3)
left brachiocephalic vein (T3)
23 terms
Cross - Sectional Anatomy - Brain
what 4 parts is the brain divided into
the cerebrum is the _________ part of…
what 4 lobes are in the cerebrum
what is the frontal lobe directly behind
-cerebrum... -cerebellum... -diencephalon... -brain stem
-largest... -thought... -language... -memory
-frontal... -occipital... -parietal... -temporal
forehead
what 4 parts is the brain divided into
-cerebrum... -cerebellum... -diencephalon... -brain stem
the cerebrum is the _________ part of…
-largest... -thought... -language... -memory
DMS Cross sectional anatomy midterm
dorsal body cavity includes:
spinal cavity includes
cranial body cavity includes
ventral body cavity includes
spinal/cranial
spinal cord, and nerve endings
brain
abdominipelvic/thoracic
dorsal body cavity includes:
spinal/cranial
spinal cavity includes
spinal cord, and nerve endings
27 terms
cross section anatomy - heart
right atrium
right ventricle
left ventricle
ascending aorta
A
B
C
A
right atrium
A
right ventricle
B
83 terms
cross sectional anatomy - brain labelling
precentral gyrus
central sulcus
postcentral gyrus
parietal lobe
A
B
C
D
precentral gyrus
A
central sulcus
B
The Brain - Cross Sectional Anatomy
cerebrum
cerebrum
corpus callosum
falx cerebri
originates from the prosensephalon and the telecephalon. Make…
Makes up the largest part of the brain. Divided into right an…
bundles of nerve fibers that connect the two brain hemispheres
extension of the dura mater between the hemispheres
cerebrum
originates from the prosensephalon and the telecephalon. Make…
cerebrum
Makes up the largest part of the brain. Divided into right an…
12 terms
Anatomy of spinal cross section
Posterior median sulcus
Dorsal column
Central canal
Ventral column
Identify 1
Identify 2
Identify 3
Identify 4
Posterior median sulcus
Identify 1
Dorsal column
Identify 2
17 terms
Cross-Sectional Anatomy
The spinal cord, like the brain consis…
Gray matter is a dull color because it…
Gray matter is located where?
What contains the somas, dendrites, an…
Gray and White Matter
Myelin
Inside
Gray Matter
The spinal cord, like the brain consis…
Gray and White Matter
Gray matter is a dull color because it…
Myelin
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