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Study sets matching "cultural anthropology social"

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Study sets matching "cultural anthropology social"

14 terms
Culture, cultural anthropology, & social anthropology
Culture
Ethnology
ethnography
Cultural relativism
The collectibe processes that make the artificial (or arbitra…
Comparative ethnography; a product and a process
A description of a culture from the point-of-view of an insider
"All cultures are created equal;" try to understand, not nece…
Culture
The collectibe processes that make the artificial (or arbitra…
Ethnology
Comparative ethnography; a product and a process
5 terms
Social & Cultural Anthropology
S&C Anthropology
Margaret Mead
Ethnopgraphy
Research Methods
- focus on social aspects of human culture like economic & po…
- worked on people of Samoa in south pacific... - investigated a…
A research process (personal case study) where researcher spe…
Cultural/Social Methods:... - case studies... - interviews... - survey…
S&C Anthropology
- focus on social aspects of human culture like economic & po…
Margaret Mead
- worked on people of Samoa in south pacific... - investigated a…
57 terms
IB Social/Cultural Anthropology
Culture
Marriage
kinship
residence patterns: Neolocality
The learned patterns of behavior and thought that
A relationship established between two people who are afforde…
Relationship and Identity on the culturally recognized connec…
living or located away from both the husband's and wife's rel…
Culture
The learned patterns of behavior and thought that
Marriage
A relationship established between two people who are afforde…
17 terms
IB social and cultural anthropology
world systems theory...
cultural materialism theory...
globalisation...
colonialism...
Is a multidisciplinary, macro-scale approach to world history…
Cultural materialism promotes the idea that infrastructure, c…
the process of integrating nations and peoples--politically,…
Colonialism is the establishment, exploitation, maintenance,…
world systems theory...
Is a multidisciplinary, macro-scale approach to world history…
cultural materialism theory...
Cultural materialism promotes the idea that infrastructure, c…
24 terms
Intro to Social and Cultural Anthropology
Metaphor
Culture (James Clifford)
Symbolic Action
Ethnocentrism
Taking language or linguistic expressions from one domain of…
Cultures are not scientific objects to be consumed, but rathe…
The activities including ritual, myth, art, dance and music t…
The tendency to judge the beliefs and behaviors of other cult…
Metaphor
Taking language or linguistic expressions from one domain of…
Culture (James Clifford)
Cultures are not scientific objects to be consumed, but rathe…
10 terms
Social and Cultural Anthropology
Structuralism
Structuralists general belief
Structuralists
Sigmund Freud's beliefs
blah
Sought universal structures of human nature (from different s…
Claude Levi-Strauss, Sigmund Freud, Karl Marx, and Jean Piaget
Universal psychological mechanisms and motives
Structuralism
blah
Structuralists general belief
Sought universal structures of human nature (from different s…
27 terms
Social and Cultural Anthropology
Culture-Monaghan and Just
Culture- Edward Tylor
Culture- Williams
Culture- Franz Boas
Culture is filled with aspects that one would not notice unle…
Culture is something you acquire, something that one person c…
Culture is a certain way of life, values in one's life, not a…
Culture is formed by the environment one lives in. Can't full…
Culture-Monaghan and Just
Culture is filled with aspects that one would not notice unle…
Culture- Edward Tylor
Culture is something you acquire, something that one person c…
32 terms
Introduction to Cultural and Social Anthropology
Anthropology
Holistic
Anthropology is a comparative discipli…
Biological Anthropology
The study of human nature, human society, and the human past.
Trying to fit together all that is known about human beings.
Anthropologists must consider similarities and differences in…
The subfield of anthropology that looks at human beings as bi…
Anthropology
The study of human nature, human society, and the human past.
Holistic
Trying to fit together all that is known about human beings.
112 terms
Essential Social and Cultural Anthropology Terms
Acculturation
Achieved Status
Affinity
Age Grades
the process by which a culture is transformed due to the mass…
a status that is acquired by doing something.
a kinship link created by marriage, such as the bond between…
age-based categories of people recognized by a culture.
Acculturation
the process by which a culture is transformed due to the mass…
Achieved Status
a status that is acquired by doing something.
10 terms
Social Science : Anthropology (Culture)
Culture
Learned behavior
Reflex
Instinct
___ is the learned behavior of human society expressed in its…
What is the most important condition that separates man from…
A ___ is an automatic response to a stimulus, such as sneezin…
An ___ is a behavior pattern with which an organism is born,…
Culture
___ is the learned behavior of human society expressed in its…
Learned behavior
What is the most important condition that separates man from…
45 terms
Social Cultural Anthropology - Exam 2
Foraging
Agriculture
Horticulture
Pastoralism
(of a person or animal) search widely for food or provisions.
Nonindustrial system of plant cultivation characterized by co…
Nonindustrial system of plant cultivation in which plots lie…
The branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of lives…
Foraging
(of a person or animal) search widely for food or provisions.
Agriculture
Nonindustrial system of plant cultivation characterized by co…
16 terms
Social Science Final (Cultural Anthropology)
Ethos
Ideology
Socialization
Norms
the fundamental values of a society, often held unconsciously…
...
...
-How do you talk to people, interact with people in a given s…
Ethos
the fundamental values of a society, often held unconsciously…
Ideology
...
62 terms
Anthropology Cultural and Social Change Midterm
Which of the following correctly ident…
Culture in anthropology refers to
The sub field of anthropology that foc…
The variation observed in traits is du…
Archaeology, Cultural Anthropology, Physical Anthropology, Ap…
The totality of learned and shared behavior patterns of a gro…
Linguistics
A combination of genetic and environmental factors
Which of the following correctly ident…
Archaeology, Cultural Anthropology, Physical Anthropology, Ap…
Culture in anthropology refers to
The totality of learned and shared behavior patterns of a gro…
38 terms
Social &Cultural Anthropology Section 1
Four Fields of Anthropology
Cultural Anthropology
Ethnography
Ethnology
Archaeological Anthropology... Physical Anthropology... Linguistic…
Study of humanity and the people within it
A document written by a trained participant that describes th…
Compares the results of ethnography to other societies
Four Fields of Anthropology
Archaeological Anthropology... Physical Anthropology... Linguistic…
Cultural Anthropology
Study of humanity and the people within it
40 terms
Social Cultural Anthropology - Exam 1
Anthropology
Culture
Enculturation
Ethnography
The study of human species and its immediate ancestors.
Traditions and customs that govern behavior and beliefs; dist…
The social process by which culture is learned and transmitte…
Fieldwork in a particular culture.
Anthropology
The study of human species and its immediate ancestors.
Culture
Traditions and customs that govern behavior and beliefs; dist…
103 terms
Anth 200: Cultural and Social Anthropology
Kinship
Kinship System
Functions of Kinship
Descent
A culturally defined relationship established on the basis of…
The totality of kin relations, kin groups and terms for class…
Provides continuity between generations (succession and inher…
The culturally established affiliation between a child and on…
Kinship
A culturally defined relationship established on the basis of…
Kinship System
The totality of kin relations, kin groups and terms for class…
39 terms
Cultural Anthropology- Social Organization and Political Power
Status
Functionalism
Social Structure
Institutions
Publicly recognized social positions
A way of classifying the customs and beliefs learned about in…
To describe a cluster of statuses with complementary roles is…
The clusters of social statuses and groups that share common…
Status
Publicly recognized social positions
Functionalism
A way of classifying the customs and beliefs learned about in…
26 terms
Social Cultural Anthropology Test 3
Magic
Rituals
Liminality
Communitas
Supernatural techniques intended to accomplish specific aims,…
Stylized and repetitive, performed in special (sacred) places…
Homogeneity, equality, anonymity, naked or uniform dress, tot…
Collective liminality, intense feeling of social solidarity.
Magic
Supernatural techniques intended to accomplish specific aims,…
Rituals
Stylized and repetitive, performed in special (sacred) places…
Cultural Anthropology
Anthropology
Holistic Perspective
Four Fields of Anthropology
Ethnocentrism
Is the study of humankind in all times and places.
A fundamental principle of anthropology: The various parts of…
Physical Anthropology (Biology)... Archaeology (humans in the pa…
The belief that the ways of which one's own culture are the o…
Anthropology
Is the study of humankind in all times and places.
Holistic Perspective
A fundamental principle of anthropology: The various parts of…
73 terms
Social and Cultural Anthropology Exam #3
Progress
Esterbrook
New Guinea (Bodley)
Development Projects (New Guinea)
forward/onward movement, advancement/development to a better…
technological development consequences, do not improve the qu…
-progress made in modern day countries lead to restrain on th…
improve economics in a way that is culturally accepted, susta…
Progress
forward/onward movement, advancement/development to a better…
Esterbrook
technological development consequences, do not improve the qu…
99 terms
Social and Cultural Anthropology Exam #1
anthropology
four characteristics of anthropology
holistic
groups
the study of humanity, concerned with diversity and commonali…
holistic, groups, comparative, change
interested in the whole/entirety, interested in people (anywh…
individuals in a society, group, or families, basic beliefs o…
anthropology
the study of humanity, concerned with diversity and commonali…
four characteristics of anthropology
holistic, groups, comparative, change
63 terms
Social and Cultural Anthropology Exam #2
Culture is pervasive: (4)
Enculturation
Culture and Thought (East Asians vs. E…
Culture and Perception and Perspective
1. thought... 2. perception... 3. personality... 4. gender
raise to be a fully function member of a specific society, em…
East Asians: holistic, accepting, contextual relationships, c…
Sapir Whorf Hypothesis: the language you speak affects how yo…
Culture is pervasive: (4)
1. thought... 2. perception... 3. personality... 4. gender
Enculturation
raise to be a fully function member of a specific society, em…
27 terms
Social & Cultural Anthropology - Ch. 2-3
Difference between society and culture
Salvage ethnography
Ethnocentrism
"Cultural glasses"
...
...
...
...
Difference between society and culture
...
Salvage ethnography
...
23 terms
Cultural Anthropology Ch 7 Kinship and Social Organization
Kinship
Kin Group
Consanguines
Affines
the study of the varied ways that humans
a group of people who culturally conceive themselves to be re…
"Blood" relatives, or people related by birth (114)
In-laws, or people related by marriage (114)
Kinship
the study of the varied ways that humans
Kin Group
a group of people who culturally conceive themselves to be re…
23 terms
Cultural Anthropology Ch 7 Kinship and Social Organization
Kinship
Kin Group
Consanguines
Affines
the study of the varied ways that humans
a group of people who culturally conceive themselves to be re…
"Blood" relatives, or people related by birth (114)
In-laws, or people related by marriage (114)
Kinship
the study of the varied ways that humans
Kin Group
a group of people who culturally conceive themselves to be re…
17 terms
IB Social and Cultural Anthropology HL vocab terms
ecumen
etic
emic
primordialism
a nuclear area of high culture to which neighboring regions s…
objective external observation free of the judgement of the c…
the study of a culture in terms of its inner workings and beh…
(also perennialism) the belief that contends that nations are…
ecumen
a nuclear area of high culture to which neighboring regions s…
etic
objective external observation free of the judgement of the c…
17 terms
IB Social and Cultural Anthropology: Key Terms
Status and Role
Gender roles
Conformity and Nonconformity
Public vs. Private
The relative social position of an individual and the part th…
Expected ways of behaving based on society's definition of ma…
How you fit into the main culture you live among (conformity)…
How you act or live your life where others can see you vs how…
Status and Role
The relative social position of an individual and the part th…
Gender roles
Expected ways of behaving based on society's definition of ma…
27 terms
Cultural Anthropology, Ch. 7, Social Stratification
Social Stratification is different acc…
Power is:
Wealth is
Prestige is
Power, Wealth, and Prestige
ability to control resources
material resources OR access to PRODUCE ... these
• Social honor... • Associated with occupation... - EX. Doctor, Law…
Social Stratification is different acc…
Power, Wealth, and Prestige
Power is:
ability to control resources
8 terms
physical anthropology (primate sociality, social behavior, and culture)
Altruistic
Habituate
Infaticide
kin selection
A behavior the benefits others while being a disadvantage to…
Process of animals becoming accustomed to human observers
The killing of juvenile
Altruistic behavior that increases the donors inclusive fitne…
Altruistic
A behavior the benefits others while being a disadvantage to…
Habituate
Process of animals becoming accustomed to human observers
27 terms
social and cultural anthropology chapter 1 vocab
Anthropolgical linguistics
Archaeology
Artifacts
Cultural Anthropology
Studies past and present languages
Studies the materials that cultures leave behind, and whose p…
Objects that have been made or modified by humans and carried…
studies contemporary cultures
Anthropolgical linguistics
Studies past and present languages
Archaeology
Studies the materials that cultures leave behind, and whose p…
88 terms
IB Social/Cultural Anthropology Vocabulary Review
Civilization
Bronze Age
Grave Goods
Hydraulic Theory
Societies in which large numbers of people live in cities, ar…
In the Old World, the period marked by the production of tool…
Items such as utensils, figurines, and personal possessions,…
The theory that explains civilization's emergence as the resu…
Civilization
Societies in which large numbers of people live in cities, ar…
Bronze Age
In the Old World, the period marked by the production of tool…
75 terms
Cultural Anthropology
Anthropology
Holistic Perspective
Four Fields of Anthropology
Ethnocentrism
Is the study of humankind in all times and places.
A fundamental principle of anthropology: The various parts of…
Physical Anthropology (Biology)... Archaeology (humans in the pa…
The belief that the ways of which one's own culture are the o…
Anthropology
Is the study of humankind in all times and places.
Holistic Perspective
A fundamental principle of anthropology: The various parts of…
55 terms
cultural anthropology
Ethnology
Ethnography
Academic medical anthropology
Applied medical anthropology
compares and analyzes the characteristics of different people…
the study of single groups through direct contact with the cu…
looks at how diseases and illnesses defined, experienced, and…
improving health care delivery, often biomedical methods and…
Ethnology
compares and analyzes the characteristics of different people…
Ethnography
the study of single groups through direct contact with the cu…
ib social and cultural anthropology: chapter 8 vocab
allocation of resources
balanced reciprocity
barter
big men/big women
rules maintained by all societies governing the regulation an…
practice of giving along with the expectation of a comparable…
exchange of goods or services for another without the use of…
those who acquire prominence by convincing their people to gi…
allocation of resources
rules maintained by all societies governing the regulation an…
balanced reciprocity
practice of giving along with the expectation of a comparable…
107 terms
cultural anthropology
anthropology
applied anthropology
archaeology
biological anthropology
the study of human beings, their biology, their pre-prehistor…
anthropological research commissioned to serve an organizatio…
the study of past cultures, by excavating sites where people…
focuses on the biological aspects of the human species, past…
anthropology
the study of human beings, their biology, their pre-prehistor…
applied anthropology
anthropological research commissioned to serve an organizatio…
94 terms
Cultural Anthropology
anthropology
four fields in the academic applicatio…
holistic perspective
applied anthropology
Study of humanity, from its evolutionary origins millions of…
Cultural; Linguistic; Archaeology; Biological (physical)
A fundamental principle of anthropology: The various parts of…
uses anthropological knowledge in the public world beyond the…
anthropology
Study of humanity, from its evolutionary origins millions of…
four fields in the academic applicatio…
Cultural; Linguistic; Archaeology; Biological (physical)
19 terms
Social Science : Anthropology (Cross-Cultural Comparisons)
Household
Towns
Cities
Nomadic
The most basic cultural unit is called ___ which may consist…
Larger groupings above households are called what?
Larger grouping above towns are called what?
If the one hundred or so households are ___, they form a band.
Household
The most basic cultural unit is called ___ which may consist…
Towns
Larger groupings above households are called what?
48 terms
Social and Cultural Anthropology HL : Trimester 1 Exam
Anthropology
Culture shock
Global perspective on the human condit…
Holism
The comparative study of cultural and social life. Includes p…
The feeling of disorientation experienced by someone who is s…
What does it mean to be human according to different populati…
Study of the entire human condition throughout time and space…
Anthropology
The comparative study of cultural and social life. Includes p…
Culture shock
The feeling of disorientation experienced by someone who is s…
9 terms
Cultural Anthropology - Elements of Culture - Chapter 9 "Political Organization and Social Control"
Political Organization
Societies differ in their Political Or…
Authority
Political Integration
refers to the way in which power is distributed within a soci…
1) The extent to which political institutions are distinct fr…
The power or right to give commands, take action, and make bi…
the size of the territorial group that comes under control of…
Political Organization
refers to the way in which power is distributed within a soci…
Societies differ in their Political Or…
1) The extent to which political institutions are distinct fr…
50 terms
Cultural Anthropology
150 years
The study and analysis of different cu…
A perspective that produces theories a…
an ethnography
Although human beings always have been interested in other hu…
What is ethnology?
A "culture-bound" theory is _____.
A detailed description of a particular culture based on field…
150 years
Although human beings always have been interested in other hu…
The study and analysis of different cu…
What is ethnology?
66 terms
Cultural Anthropology
Modern World System
What did dominance in international tr…
capital
World System Theory
A world where nations are economically and politically indepe…
the capitalist world economy which started in the 15th century
wealth or resources invested in business, with the intent of…
argues that an identifiable social system based on wealth and…
Modern World System
A world where nations are economically and politically indepe…
What did dominance in international tr…
the capitalist world economy which started in the 15th century
28 terms
Cultural Anthropology Chapter 9: Social Groups and Social Stratification
social group
primary group
secondary group
informal groups
a cluster of people beyond the domestic unit who are usually…
a social group in which members meet on a face to face basis
people who identify with each other on some basis but may nev…
smaller and less visible than formal groups; members have clo…
social group
a cluster of people beyond the domestic unit who are usually…
primary group
a social group in which members meet on a face to face basis
58 terms
Cultural Anthropology
Holism
Emic
Etic
Culture
taking all that you can into account
insider viewpoint
Outside viewpoint
how human's organize themselves... Survey of the history of the…
Holism
taking all that you can into account
Emic
insider viewpoint
100 terms
Cultural Anthropology
Cultural Adaptation
ecosystem
cultural evolution
progress
a complex of ideas, activities, and technologies that enable…
living and nonliving things in an environment, together with…
cultural change over time, not all changes are postitive
The notion that humans are moving forward to a better, more a…
Cultural Adaptation
a complex of ideas, activities, and technologies that enable…
ecosystem
living and nonliving things in an environment, together with…
30 terms
Cultural Anthropology
Nature
Cultural Symbol
Unilineal Cultural Evolution
Growing Linguistic Diversity
The belief that cultural patterns are determined by our genet…
The handshake as a form of greeting in the United States is a…
The suggestion that all cultures progress through a similar s…
Which of the following is NOT a key dynamic of globalization?…
Nature
The belief that cultural patterns are determined by our genet…
Cultural Symbol
The handshake as a form of greeting in the United States is a…
Cultural Anthropology
Australopithecus
Cultural Anthropology
ethnography
holistic perspective
-genus from Africa living about 1 to 4.2 million years ago... -…
subfield that focuses on human behavior, thought, and feelings
a detailed description of a particular culture primarily base…
the various parts of human culture and biology must be viewed…
Australopithecus
-genus from Africa living about 1 to 4.2 million years ago... -…
Cultural Anthropology
subfield that focuses on human behavior, thought, and feelings
40 terms
Cultural Anthropology
Instincts
Reflex
Social Animals
Society
Biologically inherited patterns of complex behavior (Humans a…
Involuntary response such as grasping or sucking.
Depending on learned behavior to survive, working in groups,…
Where humans live and work.
Instincts
Biologically inherited patterns of complex behavior (Humans a…
Reflex
Involuntary response such as grasping or sucking.
23 terms
cultural anthropology
Globalization
Culture
use value
exchange value
An economy with capacity to work in real time on a global scale
the way analogies are drawn between things in the way certain…
Things in our life that serve as a human need
Value becomes visible as exchange value when commodities conf…
Globalization
An economy with capacity to work in real time on a global scale
Culture
the way analogies are drawn between things in the way certain…
Cultural Anthropology
Consanguineal Kin
Affinal Kin
Endogamy
Exogamy
Blood relatives
Kin who are related by marriage
Practice of marrying within one's own group
Practice of marrying outside one's own group
Consanguineal Kin
Blood relatives
Affinal Kin
Kin who are related by marriage
23 terms
Anthropology - Culture
Culture
Subculture
Cultural Universals
Societies
full range of learned human behavior patterns
a cultural group within a larger culture, often having belief…
learned behavior patterns that are shared by all of humanity…
groups of interacting organisms.
Culture
full range of learned human behavior patterns
Subculture
a cultural group within a larger culture, often having belief…
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