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Study sets matching "cv system"

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Study sets matching "cv system"

19 terms
Cv system
Pulmonary arteries
Right common carotid
Right common carotid in cat
Subclavian artery
Pulmonary arteries
Right common carotid
85 terms
CV SYSTEM
landmark of the cvs
precordium
quirks
oxygen opposites
precordium
anterior chest overlying heart
base at top, apex at bottom
pulmonary arteries carry deoxygenated blood out of the heart,…
landmark of the cvs
precordium
precordium
anterior chest overlying heart
144 terms
CV System
P Wave
QRS Wave
Systolic BP
Average Stroke Volume SV
atrial depolarization
depolarization of ventricles... build up of pressure before bloo…
pressure exceeds diastolic pressure so blood is pushed throug…
70 mL/beat
P Wave
atrial depolarization
QRS Wave
depolarization of ventricles... build up of pressure before bloo…
173 terms
CV system
Major functions of the CV system
3 Major Circulatory elements
Heart generates ____ to drive blood th…
Blood flow must meet...
Delivers O2 & nutrients... Removes CO2 & other waste... Transports…
1. A pump (heart)... 2. Channels or tubes (BVs)... 3. A fluid mediu…
Pressure
Metabolic demands
Major functions of the CV system
Delivers O2 & nutrients... Removes CO2 & other waste... Transports…
3 Major Circulatory elements
1. A pump (heart)... 2. Channels or tubes (BVs)... 3. A fluid mediu…
65 terms
CV System
Varicose veins risk factors?
What is Chronic venous insufficiency?
What is the triad of Virchow related t…
Thrombus
Age ... Female gender ... Family history ... Obesity... Pregnancy... Deep ve…
Inadequate venous return over a long period due to varicose v…
Deep venous thrombosis... Venous stasis... Venous endothelial dama…
A blood clot that remains attached to a vessel wall
Varicose veins risk factors?
Age ... Female gender ... Family history ... Obesity... Pregnancy... Deep ve…
What is Chronic venous insufficiency?
Inadequate venous return over a long period due to varicose v…
79 terms
CV system
Angina pectoris
Arteriosclerosis
Atherosclerosis
Chronic or congestive heart failure
chest pain caused by insufficient blood flow to the heart
Hardening or fibrosis of the arteries. Happens as we age
Accumulation of fatty deposits in walls of the arteries. Due…
heart disease caused by weakness of the contractile force of…
Angina pectoris
chest pain caused by insufficient blood flow to the heart
Arteriosclerosis
Hardening or fibrosis of the arteries. Happens as we age
46 terms
CV System
3 main functions of CV system
______ flow allows independent regulat…
The heart is in the ______
What holds the fluid that provides lub…
-Transportation... -Regulation of body temp... -Protection
Parallel flow
Thoracic cavity
Pericardial cavity
3 main functions of CV system
-Transportation... -Regulation of body temp... -Protection
______ flow allows independent regulat…
Parallel flow
97 terms
CV system
Describe what makes S1 sound
What makes the sound of S2?
What makes the sound of S3?
What makes the sound of S4?
The AV valves close and blood which has passed into the ventr…
The pulmonary and aortic valves close and blood reverberates…
Rarely audible except in the horse. Can be heard in dogs and…
Audible in the horse. In small animals it is associated with…
Describe what makes S1 sound
The AV valves close and blood which has passed into the ventr…
What makes the sound of S2?
The pulmonary and aortic valves close and blood reverberates…
16 terms
cv system
where is the site for ausculatation in…
4 locations for auscultation
trace bloodflow through the systemic,…
what is contained within the thorax?
downstream from the valve bc the sound of the valve is carrie…
APTM: aortic, pulmonary, tricuspid, mitral... 1. aortic: 2nd int…
r atrium- tricuspid valve-right ventricle-pulmonary valve-pul…
The thorax contains right and left pleural cavities and lungs…
where is the site for ausculatation in…
downstream from the valve bc the sound of the valve is carrie…
4 locations for auscultation
APTM: aortic, pulmonary, tricuspid, mitral... 1. aortic: 2nd int…
32 terms
CV system
What are the 3 interconnected networks…
All venous drainage in the early embry…
Where does blood leaving the primordia…
Both horns of the sinus venous drain i…
1. Anterior/posterior/common cardinal veins (intraembryonic)…
sinus venosus
Outflow from the truncus arteriosus leaves the primordial hea…
the common atrium
What are the 3 interconnected networks…
1. Anterior/posterior/common cardinal veins (intraembryonic)…
All venous drainage in the early embry…
sinus venosus
255 terms
CV system
Which part of the heart is the hardest…
Atrioventricular valves
Pulmonary valve
Aortic valve
left ventricle
Mitral and tricuspid valves that separate the artia and ventr…
separates the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery, preve…
separates the left ventricle and aorta, preventing back flow…
Which part of the heart is the hardest…
left ventricle
Atrioventricular valves
Mitral and tricuspid valves that separate the artia and ventr…
CV system
Cor pulmonale
Heartblock
third
Endocardium
another type of right sided heart failure
occurs when the conduction system between the SA node and the…
Degree of heart block that is characterized by no impulse bei…
Inner layer of the heart that comes in contact with blood
Cor pulmonale
another type of right sided heart failure
Heartblock
occurs when the conduction system between the SA node and the…
41 terms
Cv system
Right atrium
True
A patient with a blood pressure of 141…
Works in the lungs and stops angiotens…
Blood returning from the vena cava
Veins contain valves and have a large tunica valve
Stage 1 hypertension
Ace Inhibitors
Right atrium
Blood returning from the vena cava
True
Veins contain valves and have a large tunica valve
100 terms
CV system
Cardiovascular system
Mediastinum
Apex
Base
Organ system that distributes blood to all parts of the body
The region of the thoracic cavity between the lungs
More pointed part of heart directed toward the left hip and t…
Broad posterosuperior aspect of the heart from which the grea…
Cardiovascular system
Organ system that distributes blood to all parts of the body
Mediastinum
The region of the thoracic cavity between the lungs
114 terms
CV System
Most common angina RF
Worst angina RF
Prognostic indicators of CAD
Dx of CAD
HTN
Diabetes Mellitus
LV function: <50%-->increased mortality... Vessels involved: LEf…
PE usually normal... Resting ECG... Stress test... Holter monitoring... C…
Most common angina RF
HTN
Worst angina RF
Diabetes Mellitus
15 terms
Cv system
Functions of cv system
What is blood pressure?
Systolic blood pressure
Diastolic blood pressure
Supply working muscles with oxygenated blood.... Remove waste pr…
Force exerted by the blood on the walls of arteries.
Maximum pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts.
Maximum pressure in the arteries when the heart relaxes.
Functions of cv system
Supply working muscles with oxygenated blood.... Remove waste pr…
What is blood pressure?
Force exerted by the blood on the walls of arteries.
97 terms
CV system
Chest pain
total cholesterol
LDL
HDL
multitude of things; always assume cardiac
normal <200
<100
>60
Chest pain
multitude of things; always assume cardiac
total cholesterol
normal <200
67 terms
CV system
3 components of the CV System
Functions of CV system
Angi/o
Aort/o
Heart, blood, blood vessels
Supplies all body tissues w O and nutrients. ... Transports cell…
Vessel
Aorta
3 components of the CV System
Heart, blood, blood vessels
Functions of CV system
Supplies all body tissues w O and nutrients. ... Transports cell…
13 terms
CV system
iontrophy
aorta cardiac pressure
PCW ==> wedge pressure
pulmonary artery pressure
the strength of a muscle contraction... - directly proportional…
100-140/60-90
2-10
15-30 /4-12
iontrophy
the strength of a muscle contraction... - directly proportional…
aorta cardiac pressure
100-140/60-90
29 terms
CV System
Cardiovascular System
BLOOD
WBC
RBC
Functions to move nutrients, gases, and wastes.... Consists of…
Transport medium for the body... 4-6 liters in body (blood proce…
leukocytes for immunity
erythrocytes to carry oxygen/CO2, Hemoglobin molecule in RBC's
Cardiovascular System
Functions to move nutrients, gases, and wastes.... Consists of…
BLOOD
Transport medium for the body... 4-6 liters in body (blood proce…
47 terms
CV System
Functions of the CV System
Orientation of the Heart
Pericardium
Myocardium
-transport oxygenated & deoxygenated blood... -distribute nutrie…
2nd intercostal space = base... 5th intercostal space/midclavicu…
-outer, fibrous layer... -reduces friction... -inclusive and relati…
-middle, muscular layer... -cells are either myocytes (mechanica…
Functions of the CV System
-transport oxygenated & deoxygenated blood... -distribute nutrie…
Orientation of the Heart
2nd intercostal space = base... 5th intercostal space/midclavicu…
10 terms
CV System
blood pressure
MHR
training zone
cv endurance
the force of circulating blood on the walls if the arteries
220-age
the range of the heart rate within which a specific training…
ability for the heart and lungs to keep supplying oxygen in t…
blood pressure
the force of circulating blood on the walls if the arteries
MHR
220-age
12 terms
CV SYSTEM
Intrinsic conduction system
steps to checking pulse
sinoatrial node
Atrioventricular (AV) Node
In the cardiac cycle, the independent contraction and relaxat…
Count for 15 seconds, mult by 4
a small body of specialized muscle tissue in the wall of the…
The atrioventricular node (abbreviated AV node) is a part of…
Intrinsic conduction system
In the cardiac cycle, the independent contraction and relaxat…
steps to checking pulse
Count for 15 seconds, mult by 4
CV System
epicardium
myocardium
endocardium
atria
protects heart by decreasing friction
cardiac muscle, pumps blood
inner layer that is continuous with the inner lining
upper chambers; receive blood
epicardium
protects heart by decreasing friction
myocardium
cardiac muscle, pumps blood
10 terms
CV System
Increased Stroke Volume
Increased Cardiac Output
Systolic BP
Diastolic BP
An increased amount of blood pumped by the heart in one beat.
An increased amount of blood pumped in one minute.
The maximum pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and…
The pressure of the blood during the relaxation period betwee…
Increased Stroke Volume
An increased amount of blood pumped by the heart in one beat.
Increased Cardiac Output
An increased amount of blood pumped in one minute.
39 terms
Cv system
Function of cardiovascular system
3 layers of the heart
Most important layer of heart and why
Epicardium
Transports oxygen and nutrients to cells of the body and remo…
Epicardium... Myocardium... Endocardium
Myocardium... -Made up of cardiac muscle ... -functional**
Outermost layer of heart... Connective tissue... Referred to as par…
Function of cardiovascular system
Transports oxygen and nutrients to cells of the body and remo…
3 layers of the heart
Epicardium... Myocardium... Endocardium
19 terms
CV System
Anastomosis
Angiogenesis
Artery
Muscular artery
Cross-section bergen blood vessels
Development of new blood vessel from an existing one
Carries blood away from the heart; always has a tunica media
Contains 5 or more smooth muscle cell layers in its tunica me…
Anastomosis
Cross-section bergen blood vessels
Angiogenesis
Development of new blood vessel from an existing one
25 terms
CV System
Stroke volume
Cardiac output
Physiological splitting
Endocarditis
Volume ejected per beat (ml)
Volume ejected per min (l/min)
Single heart sound becomes 2 distinct sounds during inspiration
Bacterial valve infection
Stroke volume
Volume ejected per beat (ml)
Cardiac output
Volume ejected per min (l/min)
19 terms
CV System
Veins
Arteries
Ventricle
Right ventricle
Blood vessels that carry blood towards the heart
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
The lower muscle chamber on each side of the heart that pumps…
Sends blood to the lungs
Veins
Blood vessels that carry blood towards the heart
Arteries
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
23 terms
CV System
Beta 1 receptors
Beta 2 receptors
Alpha 1 receptors
Alpha 2 receptors
increase chronotropic and inotropic effects... increase renin re…
Same as beta 1 but also dilates arterioles to skeletal muscle…
Vasoconstrict arterioles
Vasoconstrict arterioles and coronary arteries
Beta 1 receptors
increase chronotropic and inotropic effects... increase renin re…
Beta 2 receptors
Same as beta 1 but also dilates arterioles to skeletal muscle…
557 terms
CV system
The nurse is administering a dose of d…
signs of digitalis toxicity
The nurse is preparing to administer d…
The nurse is caring for a patient newl…
D
Anorexia, nausea, vomiting, blurred or yellow vision, and car…
B
A
The nurse is administering a dose of d…
D
signs of digitalis toxicity
Anorexia, nausea, vomiting, blurred or yellow vision, and car…
Cv system
Angi/o
Aort/o
Arteri/o
Ather/o
Vessel
Aorta
Artery
Fatty lipid
Angi/o
Vessel
Aort/o
Aorta
20 terms
CV System
Aneurysmectomy
angionecrosis
antiarrhythmic
arteriectomy
removal of wide blood vessel
condition of dead vessels
pertaining to against no rhythm
removal of artery
Aneurysmectomy
removal of wide blood vessel
angionecrosis
condition of dead vessels
43 terms
CV system
S1
S2
split S2
S3
closure of mitral and tricuspid valve... occurs at beginning of…
closure of aortic and pulmonic valve... louder/sharper than S1... h…
AV and PV close asynchronously (inspiration) A2 is louder tha…
low pitched ... gallop sound (think CHF)... rapid filling of ventri…
S1
closure of mitral and tricuspid valve... occurs at beginning of…
S2
closure of aortic and pulmonic valve... louder/sharper than S1... h…
60 terms
cv system
Identify the structure, purpose and fu…
Recognize how the CV and respiratory s…
normal healthy humans
trained individuals and heart rate
Transportation & Delivery... -e.g., O2, nutrients, hormones, med…
Heart and lungs work together as a coupled unit... The respirato…
the cardiorespiratory system is not a limiting factor in exer…
have a lower resting heart rate because the heart is pumping…
Identify the structure, purpose and fu…
Transportation & Delivery... -e.g., O2, nutrients, hormones, med…
Recognize how the CV and respiratory s…
Heart and lungs work together as a coupled unit... The respirato…
37 terms
CV System
ASCVD Risk
Ischemic Heart Diease
IHD Risk Factors
IHD Signs
>7.5% (elevated) ... >20% (high) ... Gender, HDl lvel, diabetes, a…
Coronary artery disease ... Coronary heart disease... degenerative…
smoking, HT, low HDL, high LDL, diabetes ... obesity, physical…
ECG abnormalities... Abnormal heart sounds (3, 4)
ASCVD Risk
>7.5% (elevated) ... >20% (high) ... Gender, HDl lvel, diabetes, a…
Ischemic Heart Diease
Coronary artery disease ... Coronary heart disease... degenerative…
45 terms
CV system
Coronary sinus
Myocardial infarction
heart murmur
cardiomegaly
collects blood from all cardiac veins, lies between the left…
heart attack due to lack of blood supply to the myocardium
abnormal heart sound caused by faulty valve
enlargement of the heart
Coronary sinus
collects blood from all cardiac veins, lies between the left…
Myocardial infarction
heart attack due to lack of blood supply to the myocardium
16 terms
CV system
Jugular Vein
Carotid Arteries
Superior vena cava
Aorta
carry blood from head to the heart
deliver blood to the head and the brain
carries blood from the upper body back to the heart
delivers blood to the body tissues
Jugular Vein
carry blood from head to the heart
Carotid Arteries
deliver blood to the head and the brain
35 terms
CV System
inferior vena cava
superior vena cava
pulmonary trunk
right pulmonary artery
collects blood from veins inferior to the heart, returns bloo…
veins from all parts of the body (except lungs) converge, and…
a blood vessel which divides to form the left and right pulmo…
provides the right lung blood supply
inferior vena cava
collects blood from veins inferior to the heart, returns bloo…
superior vena cava
veins from all parts of the body (except lungs) converge, and…
29 terms
CV System
The functions of the CV system
The coverings of the heart and their r…
The walls of the heart and their roles
The pulmonary circuit of blood flow
The functions of the CV system include: providing oxygen and…
Pericardium: The outer layer, encloses and protects the heart…
There are 3 layers to the wall of the heart... Epicardium: The i…
Blood enters the pulmonary circuit as it leaves the right ven…
The functions of the CV system
The functions of the CV system include: providing oxygen and…
The coverings of the heart and their r…
Pericardium: The outer layer, encloses and protects the heart…
58 terms
CV system
Base
Apex
Apical impulse
Systole
Upper portion of heart
Bottom tip of heart
AKA point of maximum impulse... Location where apex of heart tou…
Ventricles contract and eject blood from the left ventricle i…
Base
Upper portion of heart
Apex
Bottom tip of heart
15 terms
CV system
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
vessel
aorta
artery
fatty, lipid
angi/o
vessel
aort/o
aorta
13 terms
CV system
strep pyogenes
group A strep
brucella abortus
bacillus atracis
puerperal spesis
rheumatic fever
undulant fever and brucellosis
anthrax
strep pyogenes
puerperal spesis
group A strep
rheumatic fever
145 terms
CV System
Pressure gradients
Bulk flow
Pressure gradient in systemic circuit…
pressure gradients drive flow from high pressure to low press…
flow due to pressure gradients
pressure in aorta minus pressure in vena cava just... before it…
Pressure gradients
pressure gradients drive flow from high pressure to low press…
Bulk flow
flow due to pressure gradients
30 terms
CV system
valve
SA node
AV node
bundle of His
a membrane in a passage to prevent backflow
pacemaker of the heart
Purkinje fibers beneath the endocardium of the right atrium i…
cardiac muscle fibers connecting the atria with the ventricle…
valve
a membrane in a passage to prevent backflow
SA node
pacemaker of the heart
41 terms
CV system
General Function
innervated by autonomic nervous system
vasospasm
arteries
1) Maintenance of metabolic functions: distribution of nutrie…
vasoconstriction, vasodilation, vasospasm
vasospasm narrows the inside diameter of the artery and reduc…
a vessel carrying blood away from the heart. smaller in diame…
General Function
1) Maintenance of metabolic functions: distribution of nutrie…
innervated by autonomic nervous system
vasoconstriction, vasodilation, vasospasm
117 terms
CV System
Arteries
Veins
Perocardium
Endocardium, myocardium, pericardium
Carry oxygenated blood away from the L side of the heart to t…
Carry deoxygenated blood back to the R side of the heart
The ❤️ is encapsulated by a protective sac called
Three layers of ❤️
Arteries
Carry oxygenated blood away from the L side of the heart to t…
Veins
Carry deoxygenated blood back to the R side of the heart
134 terms
CV System
Systematic Circulation
Pulmonary Circulation
Pathway of blood through heart and lungs
Tricuspid Valve
-Carries oxygenated blood from aorta to tissues... -Left ventric…
-Carries deoxygenated blood (venous blood) to the lungs then…
Right atrium -->right ventricle --> pulmonary trunk --> lungs…
-Between right atrium and right ventricle... -AKA right atrioven…
Systematic Circulation
-Carries oxygenated blood from aorta to tissues... -Left ventric…
Pulmonary Circulation
-Carries deoxygenated blood (venous blood) to the lungs then…
47 terms
CV System
Fxn of the Atria
R atria
L atria
fxn of the Ventricles
receiving chambers ... thin walled
receives deoxygenated blood from the superior and inferior ve…
receives oxygenated blood from the pulmonary veins... pumps the…
the discharging chambers of the heart... responsible for dischar…
Fxn of the Atria
receiving chambers ... thin walled
R atria
receives deoxygenated blood from the superior and inferior ve…
182 terms
CV system
how do you dx RBBB
activation of the right ventricle is d…
3 ddxs for rbbb
diagnostic criteria for LBBB
1. QRS >.12 sec ... 2. rSR' in R precordial leads (v1, v2) ... 3. w…
RBBB
PE ... ischemic heart disease ... myocarditis or cardiomyopathy
1. QRS >.12 sec ... 2. broad, slurred, monophasic R in I, avL, v…
how do you dx RBBB
1. QRS >.12 sec ... 2. rSR' in R precordial leads (v1, v2) ... 3. w…
activation of the right ventricle is d…
RBBB
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