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Study sets matching "cyanosis"

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Study sets matching "cyanosis"

32 terms
Cyanosis
Cyanosis
mucous membrane
reduced hemoglobin
capillary blood
Chứng xanh tím
Niêm mạc, màng nhầy
Hemoglobin khử
mao mạch
Cyanosis
Chứng xanh tím
mucous membrane
Niêm mạc, màng nhầy
45 terms
Cyanosis
Cyanosis is :
Pathophysiology of Cyanosis
Cyanosis is classically described as
A person with __ almost never becomes…
Bluish discoloration of the skin and the mucous membranes.
Due to the tissues near the skin surface having low oxygen sa…
if 5.0 g/dL of deoxy-hemoglobin or greater is present.
anemia
Cyanosis is :
Bluish discoloration of the skin and the mucous membranes.
Pathophysiology of Cyanosis
Due to the tissues near the skin surface having low oxygen sa…
55 terms
Cyanosis
reduced Hb
anemia, polycythemia
hypoventilation, diffusion limitation,…
central
cyanosis is caused by an increase in _________
if you have ______ cyanosis might not show up. if you have __…
4 causes of hypoxemia
central or peripheral... arterial blood desturation
reduced Hb
cyanosis is caused by an increase in _________
anemia, polycythemia
if you have ______ cyanosis might not show up. if you have __…
53 terms
Cyanosis
reduced Hb
anemia, polycythemia
hypoventilation, diffusion limitation,…
central
cyanosis is caused by an increase in _________
if you have ______ cyanosis might not show up. if you have __…
4 causes of hypoxemia
central or peripheral... arterial blood desturation
reduced Hb
cyanosis is caused by an increase in _________
anemia, polycythemia
if you have ______ cyanosis might not show up. if you have __…
6 terms
cyanosis
what is cyanosis
why cyanosis appear more rapid in met Hb
what is met Hb formed
example of met Hb meds
> 5g/ dl deoxy Hb
because only need 1.5g/dl
when Heam iron is converted from Ferrour to ferric form ... this…
Prilocaine prodeuces o-toluidine ... oxidase the Fe
what is cyanosis
> 5g/ dl deoxy Hb
why cyanosis appear more rapid in met Hb
because only need 1.5g/dl
36 terms
Cyanosis
Cyanosis is a physical exam sign chara…
What causes cyanosis?
Cyanosis is not clinically apparent un…
Will a R-->L or L--->R shunt lead to c…
1. Mucous membranes (tongue)... 2. Skin... 3. Nail beds
Hypoxemia- low O2 in the blood/arterial O2 sat or abnormal he…
3-5
R---> L, unoxygenated blood passed to the left side of the he…
Cyanosis is a physical exam sign chara…
1. Mucous membranes (tongue)... 2. Skin... 3. Nail beds
What causes cyanosis?
Hypoxemia- low O2 in the blood/arterial O2 sat or abnormal he…
17 terms
14 - Cyanosis
Amount of deoxygenated Hb required to…
Describe how methemoglobinemia causes…
How does methylene blue work
How is MetHb Eliminated?
5g/dL
Normally Hb is ferrous (Fe2+)... Methemoglobin --> oxidized to…
Induce: NADPH-Reductase with Glutathione and G6PD
NADH Cytochrome-B5 Reductase... NADPH-Reductase with Glutathion…
Amount of deoxygenated Hb required to…
5g/dL
Describe how methemoglobinemia causes…
Normally Hb is ferrous (Fe2+)... Methemoglobin --> oxidized to…
14 terms
14. Cyanosis
What main 2 alterations occur in hemog…
How does hemoglobin differ from methem…
What are the mechanisms of central vs.…
Draw the hemoglobin-oxygen dissociatio…
Need 40-50 mg/l of deoxyhemoglobin or 15mg/l of methemoglobin…
Normal HgB has iron in Fe2+ state while methemoglobin has iro…
Central: shunting of venous blood (unsaturated) into arterial…
Increase temp = shift right... Increase acidosis (lower pH) = sh…
What main 2 alterations occur in hemog…
Need 40-50 mg/l of deoxyhemoglobin or 15mg/l of methemoglobin…
How does hemoglobin differ from methem…
Normal HgB has iron in Fe2+ state while methemoglobin has iro…
16 terms
014 - Cyanosis
What causes cyanosis?
When will you start to see cyanosis in…
What is methemoglobin?
What causes right and left shifts on t…
Inadequately oxygenated blood... Presence of abnormal hemoglobin
Deoxyhemoglobin elevated to ~ 5 g/dL... Patients with low Hgb l…
Hemoglobin with Fe3+ instead of Fe2+... Much worse O2 carrier
Right shift (means poor O2 affinity, easy O2 unloading):... Incr…
What causes cyanosis?
Inadequately oxygenated blood... Presence of abnormal hemoglobin
When will you start to see cyanosis in…
Deoxyhemoglobin elevated to ~ 5 g/dL... Patients with low Hgb l…
24 terms
014- Cyanosis
What quantity of desaturated (unoxygen…
What is the difference between ferrous…
What is methemoglobin?
Draw a normal hemoglobin-oxygen dissoc…
50 g/L... *note that this is an absolute value, not a percentag…
Ferrous = Fe 2+ (Us = you + me = 2)... Ferric = Fe 3+
Normal hemoglobin contains a FERROUS (Fe2+) iron molecule, wh…
Acidosis causes a rightwards shift in the curve, so that more…
What quantity of desaturated (unoxygen…
50 g/L... *note that this is an absolute value, not a percentag…
What is the difference between ferrous…
Ferrous = Fe 2+ (Us = you + me = 2)... Ferric = Fe 3+
64 terms
Revision: Cyanosis
(Anatomy)... What (8) structures are loca…
(Anatomy)... What are the layers of the p…
(Anatomy)... Define pneumothorax, its pat…
(Anatomy)... Define pleural effusion
2 bifurcations: Pulmonary trunk & trachea... 1 arch: beginning a…
1. Outer FIBROUS layer - attaches heart to diaphragm... 2. Outer…
It is a collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity. ... Whe…
Excess fluid accumulation in the pleural space. ... Underlying…
(Anatomy)... What (8) structures are loca…
2 bifurcations: Pulmonary trunk & trachea... 1 arch: beginning a…
(Anatomy)... What are the layers of the p…
1. Outer FIBROUS layer - attaches heart to diaphragm... 2. Outer…
35 terms
Pediatric Cyanosis
cyanosis does not become clinically ap…
should you diagnose cyanosis based on…
Cyanosis will be evident sooner and be…
is cyanosis one of the early signs of…
3.0 g/dL
no
high hemoglobin conc. (polycythemia)... acidosis (lower pH)... elev…
yep... CHD and cardiorespiratory failure
cyanosis does not become clinically ap…
3.0 g/dL
should you diagnose cyanosis based on…
no
16 terms
Chapter 14 Cyanosis
What are 2 mechanisms/causes of cyanosis
What state is Hb Fe (iron) normally? F…
Draw the hemoglobin dissociation curve…
What level of methemoglobin results in…
1) Inadequate oxygenated blood perfusing periphery ... 2) AbN he…
1) Normally Fe+2 (reduced ferrous state by NADH or NADPH)... 2)…
Left: Easy to pick up, hard to unload... 1) Decreased H+ (alkali…
1) 10-25% of hemoglobin being methemoglobin ... 2) Dark purple b…
What are 2 mechanisms/causes of cyanosis
1) Inadequate oxygenated blood perfusing periphery ... 2) AbN he…
What state is Hb Fe (iron) normally? F…
1) Normally Fe+2 (reduced ferrous state by NADH or NADPH)... 2)…
16 terms
Chapter 14 Cyanosis
What are 2 mechanisms/causes of cyanosis
What state is Hb Fe (iron) normally? F…
Draw the hemoglobin dissociation curve…
What level of methemoglobin results in…
1) Inadequate oxygenated blood perfusing periphery ... 2) AbN he…
1) Normally Fe+2 (reduced ferrous state by NADH or NADPH)... 2)…
Left: Easy to pick up, hard to unload... 1) Decreased H+ (alkali…
1) 10-25% of hemoglobin being methemoglobin ... 2) Dark purple b…
What are 2 mechanisms/causes of cyanosis
1) Inadequate oxygenated blood perfusing periphery ... 2) AbN he…
What state is Hb Fe (iron) normally? F…
1) Normally Fe+2 (reduced ferrous state by NADH or NADPH)... 2)…
8 terms
14 - Cyanosis
OLD EXAM QUESTION... Mechanism of toxici…
*What is a contraindication to methyle…
*Things that shift the Hb-O2 dissociat…
How does pulse oximetry work?... How doe…
Normal Hgb → reduced iron, ferrous (Fe2+)... Methemoglobin → ox…
Contraindications:... G6PD ... (methylene blue can worsen MetHb as…
LEFT (less O2 off loading)... - MetHb... - CO... - inc pH... - dec 2,3-BP…
PULSE OXIMETRY MECHANISM... Ratio of absorbance of red and infra…
OLD EXAM QUESTION... Mechanism of toxici…
Normal Hgb → reduced iron, ferrous (Fe2+)... Methemoglobin → ox…
*What is a contraindication to methyle…
Contraindications:... G6PD ... (methylene blue can worsen MetHb as…
15 terms
14 - Cyanosis
At what hgb level does cyanosis develop?
What is the normal state on iron in hg…
List two methods for diagnosing methem…
What level of methemoglobinemia will p…
5 g/dL of desaturated circulating hgb
• Normally Fe2+ (ferrous)... • Methemoglobinemia oxidized to Fe3…
• Co-oximetry... • Methemoglobin levels
• > 10 - 25%... • Normal level < 1%
At what hgb level does cyanosis develop?
5 g/dL of desaturated circulating hgb
What is the normal state on iron in hg…
• Normally Fe2+ (ferrous)... • Methemoglobinemia oxidized to Fe3…
41 terms
Dyspnea and Cyanosis
Dyspnea
Inspiratory Dyspnea
Expiratory dyspnea
Orthopnea
difficulty breathing
prolonged or exaggerated inspiration
Prolonged or exaggerated expiration
Dyspnea that is less severe in a standing or sternal position
Dyspnea
difficulty breathing
Inspiratory Dyspnea
prolonged or exaggerated inspiration
49 terms
Abscess to Cyanosis
abscess
achlorhydria
adjunct
afebrile
Collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
Low/absent production of gastric acid in stomach
Additional substance/treatment to increase efficacy of 10 sub…
Without fever
abscess
Collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
achlorhydria
Low/absent production of gastric acid in stomach
9 terms
Edema and Cyanosis
Edema:... -definition, whole body, hands…
Edema:... -contributing factors
Edema:... -localized... -generalized... -genera…
Edema:... -meds
Palpable swelling produced by expansion of interstitial fluid…
-increased hydrostatic pressure... -reduced oncotic pressure in…
-inflammatory causes, venous obstruction, lymphatic obstructi…
-CCBs... -NSAIDs... -estrogens... -TZDs
Edema:... -definition, whole body, hands…
Palpable swelling produced by expansion of interstitial fluid…
Edema:... -contributing factors
-increased hydrostatic pressure... -reduced oncotic pressure in…
10 terms
Dyspnea and Cyanosis
Definitions:... 1. Dyspnea... 2. orthopnea…
Definitions:... 1. hypercapnea... 2. hypoxe…
Chemoreceptors... 1. central receptors ... -…
Central neuronal control... 1. medulla: _…
1. difficulty breathing... 2. dyspnea that is less severe in a…
1. increased paCO2... 2. decreased PaO2... 3. decreased O2 delive…
1. -medulla... -respond to change in PaCO2 (increased)... 2. -caro…
1. -breath... -inspiratory and expiratory ... 2. pneumotactic
Definitions:... 1. Dyspnea... 2. orthopnea…
1. difficulty breathing... 2. dyspnea that is less severe in a…
Definitions:... 1. hypercapnea... 2. hypoxe…
1. increased paCO2... 2. decreased PaO2... 3. decreased O2 delive…
14 terms
14 - cyanosis
Pathophysiology of methemoglobinemia a…
pathophysiology and location of centra…
pathophysiology and location of periph…
list 3 things that cause a right shift…
normal Hb has Fe in reduced/ferrous state (Fe2+)... in oxidized/…
due to shunting of venous/unsaturated Hb into arterial circul…
vasoconstriction and slow flow of normally oxygentaed Hb allo…
1 - low pH... 2 - increased 2,3 DPG... 3 - increased temp... O2 has l…
Pathophysiology of methemoglobinemia a…
normal Hb has Fe in reduced/ferrous state (Fe2+)... in oxidized/…
pathophysiology and location of centra…
due to shunting of venous/unsaturated Hb into arterial circul…
23 terms
Peds Cyanosis
what is acrocyanosis?
what is differential cyanosis?
what is reverse differential cyanosis?
What is a paradoxical embolism?
distal extremities only (pink)
O2 sat is greater in right upper extremity
O2 sat LOWER in RUE
R --> L shunt causes thromboemboli to bypass lungs and go dir…
what is acrocyanosis?
distal extremities only (pink)
what is differential cyanosis?
O2 sat is greater in right upper extremity
34 terms
Dyspnea/Cyanosis
dyspnea
Mechanism of Dyspnea
motor efferent dyspnea
sensory afferent dyspnea
subjective breathing discomfort... can only be perceived by pati…
interactions between motor output and sensory input
d/o of ventilatory pump... increased airway resistance or decrea…
chemoreceptors: low O2, high CO2, acidemia... mechanoreceptors:…
dyspnea
subjective breathing discomfort... can only be perceived by pati…
Mechanism of Dyspnea
interactions between motor output and sensory input
8 terms
Chp 14 Cyanosis
Factors that shift the O2 hemoglobin d…
Ddx for methemoglobinemia
Ddx for cyanosis
How does the old nitrate kit work?
decr pH... incr 2,3 BPG... incr T
hereditary... hemoglobin M... NADH reductase deficiency... G6PD... amyl n…
low cardiac output states - sepsis, hemorrhage, obstructive,…
nitrates convert regular ferrous Hgb to ferric Hgb (methemogl…
Factors that shift the O2 hemoglobin d…
decr pH... incr 2,3 BPG... incr T
Ddx for methemoglobinemia
hereditary... hemoglobin M... NADH reductase deficiency... G6PD... amyl n…
27 terms
Carotid pulse-Cyanosis
carotid pulse
cataract
catheter
catheterization
pulse on either side of the neck.
clouding of the lens of the eye.
tube inserted into a body opening.
inserting a catheter.
carotid pulse
pulse on either side of the neck.
cataract
clouding of the lens of the eye.
21 terms
Pediatric Cyanosis II
Acyanotic Conditions
most common defect
PE of ASD
Tx of PDA
generally L --> R shunt (later cyanosis)... VSD... ASD... PDA
VSD
fixed wide split S2
indomethacin -- INH prostaglandins, closes ductus arteriosus
Acyanotic Conditions
generally L --> R shunt (later cyanosis)... VSD... ASD... PDA
most common defect
VSD
96 terms
Exam 1-Dyspnea & Cyanosis
PaO2
PaCO2
PAO2
PACO2
Partial pressure of arterial O2
Partial pressure of arterial CO2
Partial pressure of alveolar O2
Partial pressure of alveolar CO2
PaO2
Partial pressure of arterial O2
PaCO2
Partial pressure of arterial CO2
7 terms
14 - Cyanosis (WJ)**
OLD EXAM QUESTION... Differentiated betw…
How does pulse oximetry work?... How doe…
BOX... common causes of methemoglobinemi…
BOX ... DDx cyanosis... 5 peripheral... 3 cent…
Normal Hgb → reduced iron, ferrous (Fe2+)... Methemoglobin → ox…
PULSE OXIMETRY MECHANISM... Ratio of absorbance of red and infra…
CONGENITAL... - Hemoglobin M (inherited methemoglobinemia)... - NAD…
PERIPHERAL (5)... 1. Low cardiac output... 2. Redistribution of b…
OLD EXAM QUESTION... Differentiated betw…
Normal Hgb → reduced iron, ferrous (Fe2+)... Methemoglobin → ox…
How does pulse oximetry work?... How doe…
PULSE OXIMETRY MECHANISM... Ratio of absorbance of red and infra…
20 terms
Pediatric Cyanosis I
cyanosis
central cyanosis
Acrocyanosis
Differential Cyanosis
bluish discoloration of mucous membranes, skin, nail beds... due…
discoloration of trunk, lips, mucuous membranes... low pre and p…
blueness of distal extremities... NORMAL at birth (1st 24-48 hou…
O2 sat in R upper extremity > lower extremities
cyanosis
bluish discoloration of mucous membranes, skin, nail beds... due…
central cyanosis
discoloration of trunk, lips, mucuous membranes... low pre and p…
40 terms
Pediatric cyanosis IS
Name the 3 acyanotic conditions= PINK
What is the most common CHD?
Name the cyanotic conditions = BLUE ... 5…
L -> R shunt cyanotic or acyanotic?
1. ASD... 2. VSD... 3. PDA
VSD... - usually presents in neonates at 1 month and can lead to…
Truncus arteriosus... Tetralogy of fallot... Tricuspid atresia... Tota…
Acyanotic
Name the 3 acyanotic conditions= PINK
1. ASD... 2. VSD... 3. PDA
What is the most common CHD?
VSD... - usually presents in neonates at 1 month and can lead to…
41 terms
Dyspnea & Cyanosis (Ex2)
what is dyspnea?
what are the two types of dyspnea?
what is orthopnea?
what is cyanosis?
difficulty breathing
inspiratory and expiratory
dyspnea that is less severe in a standing or sternal position
bluish/purple coloration of tissue due to hypoxemia
what is dyspnea?
difficulty breathing
what are the two types of dyspnea?
inspiratory and expiratory
27 terms
Medical Terminology: Carotid-Cyanosis
carotid pulse
cataract
catheter
catherization
pulse on either side of the neck
clouding of the lens of the eye
tube inserted into body opening
inserting a catheter
carotid pulse
pulse on either side of the neck
cataract
clouding of the lens of the eye
31 terms
Pediatric Cyanosis DSA 1 by Parker
______ is a physical sign characterize…
Two causes of cyanosis
Cyanosis does not become clinically ap…
The degree of cyanosis is affected by…
Cyanosis
1. Hypoxemia... 2. Abnormal hemoglobin molecules
...
...
______ is a physical sign characterize…
Cyanosis
Two causes of cyanosis
1. Hypoxemia... 2. Abnormal hemoglobin molecules
21 terms
Approach to Edema and Cyanosis
What is a palpable swelling produced b…
What is edema affecting the whole body?
What are 3 factors that contribute to…
What are the types of localized edema?
edema
Anasarca
increased hydrostatic pressure... increased tissue oncotic press…
inflammatory causes... venous obstruction... lymphatic obstruction…
What is a palpable swelling produced b…
edema
What is edema affecting the whole body?
Anasarca
41 terms
Pediatric Cyanosis DSA 2 by Parker
Objectives... • Describe the causes of ri…
Term for a disease affecting the heart…
Term for an obstruction with pulmonary…
Term for a path of blood flow that res…
...
Congenital heart diseaes
Tetralogy of Fallot
Shunt
Objectives... • Describe the causes of ri…
...
Term for a disease affecting the heart…
Congenital heart diseaes
18 terms
6 - Cardiac (Congenital Cyanosis) - Pediatrics***
Term infant... - apnea... - duskiness (blue)
Cyanosis... - How to differentiate betwee…
Infant cyanotic at 14 hours... - does not…
5 forms of congenital cyanosis
congenital heart disease (likely)
Give 100% FiO2... - Get PaO2 before and after... Cardiac cause = P…
Prostaglandin E1... - keeps PDA patent
1) Truncus arteriosus... 2) Transposition of great arteries... 3) T…
Term infant... - apnea... - duskiness (blue)
congenital heart disease (likely)
Cyanosis... - How to differentiate betwee…
Give 100% FiO2... - Get PaO2 before and after... Cardiac cause = P…
10 terms
Cyanosis - caused by decreased perfusion;
Where are the best places to detect cy…
What would cause central cyanosis in a…
What will a light skin patient with ce…
Define hypoxemia.
In the lips, nose, cheeks, ears, and oral mucous membranes.
chronic heart and lung diseases
Dusky blue
An abnormal low concentration of oxygen in the blood.
Where are the best places to detect cy…
In the lips, nose, cheeks, ears, and oral mucous membranes.
What would cause central cyanosis in a…
chronic heart and lung diseases
12 terms
Sports Med 1 Bradycardia-Cyanosis
bradycardia
bursa
bursitis
collagen
slow heartbeat
small synovial sac located over bony prominences that aids in…
inflammation of the bursa
the major protein of a connective tissue
bradycardia
slow heartbeat
bursa
small synovial sac located over bony prominences that aids in…
7 terms
6 - Respiratory (Cyanosis - Newborns) - Pediatrics***
Blue hands and feet... - normal in newborns
Cyanosis of the mucus membranes... - more…
Respiratory distress: ABGs... - Normal or…
Respiratory distress: ABGs... - Increased…
Acrocyanosis
Central cyanosis (blue lips)
Cyanotic heart disease
Pulmonary disease
Blue hands and feet... - normal in newborns
Acrocyanosis
Cyanosis of the mucus membranes... - more…
Central cyanosis (blue lips)
80 terms
SA Med DZ - Exam 1 - Dyspnea & Cyanosis
PaO2 =
PaCO2 =
PAO2 =
PACO2 =
Partial pressure of arterial O2
Partial pressure of arterial CO2
Partial pressure of Avleolar O2
Partial pressure of Alveolar CO2
PaO2 =
Partial pressure of arterial O2
PaCO2 =
Partial pressure of arterial CO2
8 terms
6 - Newborn (Respiratory/Cyanosis) - Pediatrics***
HR... 1) 1st hour of life ... 2) 2nd hour of…
RR... 1) 1st hour of life ... 2) 2nd hour of…
Tachypnea in newborn: Diff Dx
Tachypnea in newborn: Evaluation
1) 160-180... 2) 120-160
1) 60-80... 2) 40-60
RDS (low surfactant)... TTN (amniotic fluid still around)... Meconi…
CBC with diff... Glucose... Blood culture... CSF culture... ABG - Blood g…
HR... 1) 1st hour of life ... 2) 2nd hour of…
1) 160-180... 2) 120-160
RR... 1) 1st hour of life ... 2) 2nd hour of…
1) 60-80... 2) 40-60
17 terms
Approach to the Pt with Edema and Cyanosis
Edema definition
Anasarca definition
Peripheral edema definition
Ascites definition
-Palpable swelling produced by expansion of the interstitial…
-Edema affecting the whole body
-Edema affecting the hands and feet (pregnancy and runners)
-Edema of the abdomen
Edema definition
-Palpable swelling produced by expansion of the interstitial…
Anasarca definition
-Edema affecting the whole body
18 terms
Approach to the pt w/ edema and cyanosis
Edema
anasarca
know terms peripheral edema, ascites a…
Factors that contribute to the develop…
a palpable swelling produced by expansion of interstitial vol…
edema affecting the whole body
...
increased hyrostatic pressure... reduced oncotic pressure in blo…
Edema
a palpable swelling produced by expansion of interstitial vol…
anasarca
edema affecting the whole body
25 terms
Dyspnea and Cyanosis DSA by Shah (10.14.15)
The American Thoracic Society defines…
1) Utilize a dyspnea descriptor in a c…
2) Recognize which receptors are stimu…
Disorders of the ______ _______—most c…
...
ventilatory pump
The American Thoracic Society defines…
...
1) Utilize a dyspnea descriptor in a c…
55 terms
Pediatric Cyanosis DSA 1: Parker (9.8.16)
______ is a physical sign characterize…
Cyanosis is d/t (2 causes)
Cyanosis does not become clinically ap…
Can you rely on visual observation to…
Cyanosis
1. Hypoxemia... 2. Abnormal hemoglobin molecules
3; 5
no
______ is a physical sign characterize…
Cyanosis
Cyanosis is d/t (2 causes)
1. Hypoxemia... 2. Abnormal hemoglobin molecules
30 terms
Dyspnea and Cyanosis DSA (10/13/16)
What causes dyspnea (generally)
What things can you learn from the HPI
What things can you learn from the phy…
what things do chest imaging show you
deviations from normal function in cardiovascular and respira…
acute vs chronic ... risk factors in PMHx, SHx, FHx... consider ort…
can they speak (reduced capacity of ventilation pump) ... are th…
lung volumes (hyperinflation) ... examine pulmonary parenchyma f…
What causes dyspnea (generally)
deviations from normal function in cardiovascular and respira…
What things can you learn from the HPI
acute vs chronic ... risk factors in PMHx, SHx, FHx... consider ort…
36 terms
Pediatric Cyanosis DSA 2: Parker (9.8.16)
Objectives... • Describe the causes of ri…
Term for a disease affecting the heart…
Term for an obstruction with pulmonary…
Term for a path of blood flow that res…
...
Congenital heart diseae
Tetralogy of Fallot
Shunt
Objectives... • Describe the causes of ri…
...
Term for a disease affecting the heart…
Congenital heart diseae
10 terms
Maternal Health Terms - Set 4 (Cyanosis - Elimination)
Cyanosis
Defecation
Dehydration
Dextrose
(Pronounced: "si-a-no-sis")... A bluish discoloration of the ski…
(Pronounced: "def-a-kay-shen")... The act of defecating or passi…
(Pronounced: "de-hy-dray-shen")... Excessive loss of water from…
(Pronounced: "dek-strose")... A form of glucose used to rehydrat…
Cyanosis
(Pronounced: "si-a-no-sis")... A bluish discoloration of the ski…
Defecation
(Pronounced: "def-a-kay-shen")... The act of defecating or passi…
54 terms
Dyspnea and Cyanosis DSA: Carter (10.13.16)
The American Thoracic Society defines…
1) Utilize a dyspnea descriptor in a c…
What are 5 descriptors of dypsnea?
What are 2 clinical examples of chest…
subjective
1. chest tightness/ constriction... 2. increase work / effort of…
asthma / CHF
The American Thoracic Society defines…
subjective
1) Utilize a dyspnea descriptor in a c…
Approach to the Pt with Edema and Cyanosis - Beebout (#1)
Edema
Edema affecting the whole body
Edema affecting the hands and feet
Edema of the abdomen
-a palpable swelling produced by expansion of the interstitia…
-anasarca
-peripheral edema... -seen in pregnancy
-ascites
Edema
-a palpable swelling produced by expansion of the interstitia…
Edema affecting the whole body
-anasarca
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