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Study sets matching "cytology cells"

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Study sets matching "cytology cells"

28 terms
Cytology/Cells
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
The smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
A scientific theory which describes the properties of cells
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell
The central and most important part of an object, movement, o…
Cell
The smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
Cell Theory
A scientific theory which describes the properties of cells
15 terms
Cytology (Cells)
Cell
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Nucleus
The smallest unit of structure and function in an organism.
Single celled organism with no nucleus. Ex: Bacteria
An organism that is made of a cell or cells that contain a nu…
The organelle that contains the genetic information for an or…
Cell
The smallest unit of structure and function in an organism.
Prokaryote
Single celled organism with no nucleus. Ex: Bacteria
29 terms
The Cell: Cytology
Monomers of Proteins
Monomers of Nucleus
Monomers of Lipids
Monomers of Carbohydrates
Amino Acids
Nucleotides
Fatty Acids
Monosacharrides
Monomers of Proteins
Amino Acids
Monomers of Nucleus
Nucleotides
12 terms
Cytology Cells
Cell
Division of cell 1
Division of cell 2
Division of cell 3
Performs all life functions
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Organelles • part of the cytoplasm • includes nucleus
Cell
Performs all life functions
Division of cell 1
Cell membrane
16 terms
Cytology (cells)
reproductive cells
somatic cells
extracellular fluid
Hb-hydrophilic
Sex cells, sperms and ova
Any cells in the body other than reproductive cells
the fluid outside the body individual cells found in plasma a…
loves interact with water
reproductive cells
Sex cells, sperms and ova
somatic cells
Any cells in the body other than reproductive cells
9 terms
Cytology: Cells
Robert Hooke
the cells theory
the cells theory
the cells theory
first discovered cells in 1665
proposed by Schleiden, Schwann, and Virchow in the mid-1800s
all living things are composed of cells or cellular products
basic structural and functional units
Robert Hooke
first discovered cells in 1665
the cells theory
proposed by Schleiden, Schwann, and Virchow in the mid-1800s
28 terms
Cytology/Cells
Cell
Cell theory
Cell membrane
Nucleas
Basic unit of life (cyte)
A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A DNA cutting enzyme that excises damaged DNA.
Cell
Basic unit of life (cyte)
Cell theory
A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
15 terms
Cytology - Cells
Epithelium... Connective... Muscle... Nervous
Bilipid plasma membrane... Possess organe…
Protoplasm
Cytoplasm... Karyoplasm
Different tissues of the body
Common characteristics among cells.
Living substance of cell
Compartments of protoplasm
Epithelium... Connective... Muscle... Nervous
Different tissues of the body
Bilipid plasma membrane... Possess organe…
Common characteristics among cells.
33 terms
Cells cytology
To break down larger substances or mol…
Loose connective tissue that specializ…
Tissue that covers and protects the or…
Scale-like flat epithelial cells
Catabolism
adipose tissue
Epithelial
Squamous cell
To break down larger substances or mol…
Catabolism
Loose connective tissue that specializ…
adipose tissue
28 terms
cells/cytology
Cell
Cell theory
Cell membrane
Nucleus
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
In biology, cell theory is a scientific theory which describe…
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
a dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically…
Cell
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
Cell theory
In biology, cell theory is a scientific theory which describe…
28 terms
Cytology/Cells
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
a scientific theory which describes the properties of cells.
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
a dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically…
Cell
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
Cell Theory
a scientific theory which describes the properties of cells.
20 terms
The Cell: cytology
The Cell Theory
Two Types of cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Eurkaryotic Cells
-All cells come from pre-exsisting cells... -Cells are the basic…
Prokaryotic Cells: Small simple cells... Eukaryotic Cells: Compl…
-Lack of nucleous... -Lack complex organelles... -Contain ribsomes
-Membrane bound nucleous... -DNA in nucelous... -Complex organelles
The Cell Theory
-All cells come from pre-exsisting cells... -Cells are the basic…
Two Types of cells
Prokaryotic Cells: Small simple cells... Eukaryotic Cells: Compl…
22 terms
The Cell: Cytology
3 Postulates of Cell Theory
6 Characteristics of Life
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
1. All cells come from pre-existing cells... 2. Cells are the ba…
1. Cells... 2. Response... 3. Energy Use... 4. Homeostasis... 5. Reproduc…
Small simple cells... Lack a nucleus... Lack complex organelles... Con…
Complex cells... Membrane bound nucleus... Complex organelles... Ribos…
3 Postulates of Cell Theory
1. All cells come from pre-existing cells... 2. Cells are the ba…
6 Characteristics of Life
1. Cells... 2. Response... 3. Energy Use... 4. Homeostasis... 5. Reproduc…
35 terms
Cytology- The Cell
Cell (Plasma) membrane
Cytoplasm
Lysosome
Cisternae
contains receptors for communications; forms intracellular co…
Place of many metabolic processes of the cell; stores nutrien…
Membrane sacs with digestive enzymes; Digest materials or mic…
profiles of parallel membranes enclosing spaces
Cell (Plasma) membrane
contains receptors for communications; forms intracellular co…
Cytoplasm
Place of many metabolic processes of the cell; stores nutrien…
22 terms
The Cell: Cytology
3 Postulates of Cell Theory
6 Characteristics of Life
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
1. All cells come from pre-existing cells... 2. Cells are the ba…
1. Cells... 2. Response... 3. Energy Use... 4. Homeostasis... 5. Reproduc…
Small simple cells... Lack a nucleus... Lack complex organelles... Con…
Complex cells... Membrane bound nucleus... Complex organelles... Ribos…
3 Postulates of Cell Theory
1. All cells come from pre-existing cells... 2. Cells are the ba…
6 Characteristics of Life
1. Cells... 2. Response... 3. Energy Use... 4. Homeostasis... 5. Reproduc…
15 terms
Cell/cytology
What is osmosis?
What is diffusion?
What is active/passive transport?
What is facilitated diffusion?
The process of a liquid passing through the wall of a living…
"Spontaneous movement", where molecules/particles move from a…
Two types of movement of molecules, active transport is the m…
The movement of molecules or ions across a biological molecule.
What is osmosis?
The process of a liquid passing through the wall of a living…
What is diffusion?
"Spontaneous movement", where molecules/particles move from a…
43 terms
Cytology of the cell
1st cell theory
2nd cell theory
3rd cell theory
Prokaryote
All living things are made up of cells
Living things function because they're made up of cells
Cells come from other living cells
Cell with no nuclear membrane... Have a loose mass of chromatic…
1st cell theory
All living things are made up of cells
2nd cell theory
Living things function because they're made up of cells
12 terms
Chapter 4: Cytology (Cells)
cell cycle
G1
S phase
G2
cells that go through a continual cycle of growth and replica…
initial growth phase
during which the DNA is replicated
the second growth phase
cell cycle
cells that go through a continual cycle of growth and replica…
G1
initial growth phase
14 terms
Cytology and Cell Organelles
Cytology
Cell Theory
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
the study of cells
1. all things are made up of cells... 2. smallest unit of life... 3…
rigid protective layer; plants only
protective layer for all cells; decides what comes in and out
Cytology
the study of cells
Cell Theory
1. all things are made up of cells... 2. smallest unit of life... 3…
15 terms
Cytology (Study of Cells)
cytologist
cytology
cell
cell theory
a person who studies cells
study of cells
smallest living thing
All organisms are made of one or more cells.... The cell is the…
cytologist
a person who studies cells
cytology
study of cells
21 terms
Cytology: Cell Structure and Function
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
No nucleus... A single‐celled organism that lacks a membrane‐bo…
Has a nucleus... A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bo…
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
Center of an atom... A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA…
Prokaryote
No nucleus... A single‐celled organism that lacks a membrane‐bo…
Eukaryote
Has a nucleus... A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bo…
86 terms
Cytology and the cell cycle
What are the four parts of the cell th…
flexible outer barrier of cells
intracellular fluid containing organel…
control center of the cell
1. cells are the basic units of life... 2. body activity depends…
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
What are the four parts of the cell th…
1. cells are the basic units of life... 2. body activity depends…
flexible outer barrier of cells
plasma membrane
19 terms
Cytology and Cells and Cell Structure
A typical animal cell
A typical plant cell
Cells contain _______ that carry out s…
cell membrane
organelles
the BOUNDARY of the animal cell; plants also have one located…
A typical animal cell
A typical plant cell
47 terms
CELLS (CYTOLOGY)-UNIT 3
Cell
The Cell Theory
Parts of The Cell Theory
Exceptions to The Cell Theory
The basic unit of living things
-Based on hundreds of years of scientific contributions from…
a. All living things are made of cells... b. Cells come from pre…
a. Where did the first cell come from?... b. Viruses; they can r…
Cell
The basic unit of living things
The Cell Theory
-Based on hundreds of years of scientific contributions from…
14 terms
Cytology Set 4: Cytology-Cell Cycle
G1 Phase
G2 Phase
G0 Phase
M Phase
First phase in cell cycle, portion of interphase before DNA s…
second phase in cell cycle which prepares for mitosis
The phase in the cell cycle where cells exist in an inactive…
Mitotic phase in animal cell cycle which is the division of t…
G1 Phase
First phase in cell cycle, portion of interphase before DNA s…
G2 Phase
second phase in cell cycle which prepares for mitosis
14 terms
cytology set 4: cytology-cell cycle
Interphase
G1 Phase vs G2 phase
G0 Phase
M Phase
interphase is the resting phase between successive mitotic di…
the G1 phase is the first of four phases of the cell cycle th…
The G0 phase is the point in the cell cycle where cells exist…
the M phase stands for the mitotic phase in an animal cell cy…
Interphase
interphase is the resting phase between successive mitotic di…
G1 Phase vs G2 phase
the G1 phase is the first of four phases of the cell cycle th…
14 terms
Cytology Set 4: Cytology-Cell cycle
G1 Phase / G2 Phase
G0 Phase / M Phase
Interphase
Metaphase
Compare: different phases in cell cycle ... Contrast: In G1 (1st…
Compare: different phases of the cell cycle ... Contrast: In G0,…
the phase of the cell cycle in which a typical cell spends mo…
the second stage of cell division, between prophase and anaph…
G1 Phase / G2 Phase
Compare: different phases in cell cycle ... Contrast: In G1 (1st…
G0 Phase / M Phase
Compare: different phases of the cell cycle ... Contrast: In G0,…
12 terms
Cytology Set Four: Cytology-Cell Cycle
G1 Phase vs. G2 Phase
G0 Phase vs. M Phase
Interphase vs. Metaphase
Anaphase vs. Telophase
GROWTH 1:... -growth... -increase in size... -new proteins and organel…
M PHASE:... M = mitosis, mitosis and cytokinesis occur... G0 PHAS…
Interphase is the phase of the cell cycle in which a typical…
Telophase is technically the final stage of mitosis. Its name…
G1 Phase vs. G2 Phase
GROWTH 1:... -growth... -increase in size... -new proteins and organel…
G0 Phase vs. M Phase
M PHASE:... M = mitosis, mitosis and cytokinesis occur... G0 PHAS…
19 terms
Cell and cell organelles cytology
Robert Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden & Schwann
Cell Theory
Micrographia, named cells (looked like cells in monestary)
Father of microbiology
Came up with the cell theory 'all things made of cells'
1. Cells are the basic unit of structure and organization of…
Robert Hooke
Micrographia, named cells (looked like cells in monestary)
Leeuwenhoek
Father of microbiology
14 terms
Cytology (Study of Cells)
cytologist
cytology
cell
cell theory
a person who studies cells
study of cells
smallest living thing
All organisms are made of one or more cells.... The cell is the…
cytologist
a person who studies cells
cytology
study of cells
18 terms
Cytology-Cell Cycle
G1 Phase
Interphase
Interkinesis
Centrioles
Is the first of four phases of the cell cycle that takes plac…
The resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
Interphase II is a period of rest that cells of some species…
A minute cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cel…
G1 Phase
Is the first of four phases of the cell cycle that takes plac…
Interphase
The resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a c…
27 terms
Cytology Cell ID
Macrokaryosis... Increased N:C ratio... Anis…
increased nuclear size
increased nuclear to cytoplasm ratio
variation in nuclear size
What are some neoplasia characteristics?
Macrokaryosis
Increased N:C ratio
Anisokaryosis
Macrokaryosis... Increased N:C ratio... Anis…
What are some neoplasia characteristics?
increased nuclear size
Macrokaryosis
22 terms
Cytology (Cell Structure & Function)
Rough Endoplasmic Recticulum (rER)
Exocytosis
Endocytosis
Smooth Endoplasmic Recticulum (sER)
Specialized for the synthesis and secretion of protein and st…
Secretion
Cell uptake of matter such as bacteria
Lacks ribosomes and functions as lipid synthesis... Important i…
Rough Endoplasmic Recticulum (rER)
Specialized for the synthesis and secretion of protein and st…
Exocytosis
Secretion
18 terms
Cytology (Cell Membrane)
Plasma (cell) Membrane
Membrane Potential
Glycocalyx
Phospholipids
Semi-permeable: allows certain substances to enter and leave…
Produce charge difference which regulates ion charges inside…
Highly specific call marker to help cell recognize each other
Hydrophilic Head: (polar head-loves water)... Hydrophobic Tail:…
Plasma (cell) Membrane
Semi-permeable: allows certain substances to enter and leave…
Membrane Potential
Produce charge difference which regulates ion charges inside…
11 terms
Cytology Cell Cycle
Interkinesis
Centrioles
Centromere
Sister Chromatids
The period of rest during melosis
EX: photo
The part of a chromosome that links the sister chromatids ... E…
Either of the two identical copies formed by the replication…
Interkinesis
The period of rest during melosis
Centrioles
EX: photo
33 terms
Cytology - Eukaryotic Cell Structure
Eukaryotic Cells
Plasma (cell) membrane
Nucleus
Mitocondria
More advanced cells that have a nucleus and membrane bound or…
Made of proteins and lipids, contains the extracellular face.
-Is the control center of the cell... -Makes copies of the chrom…
The "battery" of the cell... -Power house in the cell... -Where the…
Eukaryotic Cells
More advanced cells that have a nucleus and membrane bound or…
Plasma (cell) membrane
Made of proteins and lipids, contains the extracellular face.
10 terms
Cytology Cell Cycle
Anaphase/Telophase
Interphase/Metaphase
Spindle Fibers
Interkinesis
The stage of cell division in which the chromosomes move away…
The resting phase successive mitotic divisions of a cell/Seco…
Anaphase/Telophase
The stage of cell division in which the chromosomes move away…
Interphase/Metaphase
The resting phase successive mitotic divisions of a cell/Seco…
14 terms
Cytology-Cell Cycle
G1 Phase vs G2 Phase
G0 Phase
Interphase
spindle fibers
G1 Phase is The first gap, or growth phase, of the cell cycle…
A nondividing state in which a cell has left the cell cycle.
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Made of microtubules, these assist in cell division
G1 Phase vs G2 Phase
G1 Phase is The first gap, or growth phase, of the cell cycle…
G0 Phase
A nondividing state in which a cell has left the cell cycle.
31 terms
PLANT CELLS & CYTOLOGY
Primary cell walls stain which colors?
Secondary cell walls stain which color?
3 Fundamental Cell Types
Function/Identification of cell types…
Blue or green
Red or pink
Parenchyma, Collenchyma, Sclerenchyma
Cellular contents AND cell wall type
Primary cell walls stain which colors?
Blue or green
Secondary cell walls stain which color?
Red or pink
29 terms
Cytology: Study of Cells
What are cells?
what are cell produced by?
3 main functions of a cell
Gametes
structural building blocks of the body
division of other cells
specialized function, growth, reproduction
germ cells or reproductive cells
What are cells?
structural building blocks of the body
what are cell produced by?
division of other cells
14 terms
Cytology-Cell Cycle
G1 Phase
G2 Phase
G0 Phase
M Phase
the cell synthesizes RNA and proteins in preparation for step…
pre-mitotic phase, final subphase of Interphase in the cell c…
the cell is neither dividing nor preparing to divide, cell is…
nuclear division occurs, and contains these phases: prophase,…
G1 Phase
the cell synthesizes RNA and proteins in preparation for step…
G2 Phase
pre-mitotic phase, final subphase of Interphase in the cell c…
10 terms
Cytology- Cell Cycle
G1 Phase vs. G2 Phase
Go Phase vs. M Phase
Interphase
Diploid
G1 phase is when the cell synthesizes RNA and proteins and G2…
G0 ohase is when the cells are in a quiescent state and M pha…
Example: the cycle of a cell that includes G1 and G2 phases
Example: Cells in a human body
G1 Phase vs. G2 Phase
G1 phase is when the cell synthesizes RNA and proteins and G2…
Go Phase vs. M Phase
G0 ohase is when the cells are in a quiescent state and M pha…
70 terms
Cytology- the study of cells Vocab
light microscopes
simple light microscope
compound light microscope
scanning electron microscope
- visible light is passed through a specimen and then through…
- 1 lense
- 2 lenses
- 3D surface... - NON-LIVING specimens chemically preserved
light microscopes
- visible light is passed through a specimen and then through…
simple light microscope
- 1 lense
12 terms
WHS Cytology and Cell Theory
Cytology
Robert Hooke
Henri Dutrochet
Robert Brown
Cells
English, 1665 discovered the cell (cell wall)... Micrographica -…
French; 1824, "All plants and animals are composed of cells"
English, 1831 Discovered the Nucleus
Cytology
Cells
Robert Hooke
English, 1665 discovered the cell (cell wall)... Micrographica -…
15 terms
History of Cytology and Cell Theory
List 3 parts of the cell theory
Discovered that all animals are made o…
Invented the first microscope
Discovered the nucleus of the cell
1. Cells come from pre-existing cells... 2. All organisms are co…
Theodor Schwann
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Brown
List 3 parts of the cell theory
1. Cells come from pre-existing cells... 2. All organisms are co…
Discovered that all animals are made o…
Theodor Schwann
5 terms
Cytology 3 - Mesenchymal Cells
Mesenchymal cells
Size and shape of mesenchymal cells
True or false: Cytoplasmic margins of…
Should you see many connective tissue…
Cells that form connective tissue, blood vessels
Small to medium size... Spindle to star shape
False: Margins of mesenchymal cells may by indistinct
No. Most normal connective tissues exfoliate no cells when sa…
Mesenchymal cells
Cells that form connective tissue, blood vessels
Size and shape of mesenchymal cells
Small to medium size... Spindle to star shape
48 terms
SB: Esthetics Cells/Cytology
What is the metabolic process called w…
What is the process in which cells cha…
What type of tissue rapidly controls a…
What type of tissue is the dermis comp…
Anabolism
Keratinization
Nerve tissue
Connective tissue
What is the metabolic process called w…
Anabolism
What is the process in which cells cha…
Keratinization
18 terms
Cytology- organelles and cell structure
Cytoskeleton: microtubule
microvilli
centrosome
Plasma membrane
Form from the core of motile extensions from the cell called…
Plasma membrane folded into projections called microvilli- in…
Central area of the cell
Phospholipid bilayers... Outer boundary of the cell... Dynamic, flu…
Cytoskeleton: microtubule
Form from the core of motile extensions from the cell called…
microvilli
Plasma membrane folded into projections called microvilli- in…
5 terms
Cytology 3 - Epithelial Cells
Epi Cells
True or False: Epi cells are commonly…
How do epithelial cells tend to present?
True or False: Epithelial cells have l…
Cells that cover internal and external surfaces of the body
True
In clusters or sheets
False: Epi cells have high cellularity
Epi Cells
Cells that cover internal and external surfaces of the body
True or False: Epi cells are commonly…
True
32 terms
cytology: study of cells 2
what is the apical surface of the cell
what is the basal surface of the cell
what is the lateral surface of the cell
what are cells measured in?
upper surface
bottom
side
micrometers, (um) 1 millionth of a meter
what is the apical surface of the cell
upper surface
what is the basal surface of the cell
bottom
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