Study sets matching "cytology"

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Study sets matching "cytology"

124 terms
Cytology
Vacuoles
Plasmolysis
Solute
Solvent
- Membrane-bound sacs for storage, digestion, and waste remov…
Plasmolysis involves the shrinking or the contraction of the…
One of two main parts that compose a solution. The solute is…
One of two main parts that compose a solution. The solvent is…
Vacuoles
- Membrane-bound sacs for storage, digestion, and waste remov…
Plasmolysis
Plasmolysis involves the shrinking or the contraction of the…
82 terms
Cytology
Composite cell
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
includes many different cell structures that are not necessar…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
Composite cell
includes many different cell structures that are not necessar…
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
35 terms
Cytology
Endosymbiotic Theory
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Lactic Acid
Mitochondria and chloroplasts evolved from prokaryotic cells
Making energy in the presence of oxygen
Making energy in areas without oxygen; produces lactic acid
Produced during anaerobic respiration; makes muscles sore
Endosymbiotic Theory
Mitochondria and chloroplasts evolved from prokaryotic cells
Aerobic Respiration
Making energy in the presence of oxygen
cytology
eccentrocytes
schistocytes
anisocytosis
echinocytes
different size RBC
eccentrocytes
schistocytes
130 terms
cytology
is the sample adequate and are the cel…
Neutrophils, Macrophages, Eosinophils,…
epithelial cells, spindle cells (mesen…
Eoosinophils
what are some questions to ask yourself when performing a cyt…
what are some inflammatory type cells
what are some tissue type cells that may be found on a cytology
what can be seen in large numbers on this slide?
is the sample adequate and are the cel…
what are some questions to ask yourself when performing a cyt…
Neutrophils, Macrophages, Eosinophils,…
what are some inflammatory type cells
73 terms
Cytology
3 advantages to cytology vs. biopsy
3 disadvantages to cytology
The two ways to prepare a needle aspir…
To create an adequate blood smear your…
1. Speed... 2. Relatively low cost... 3. Minimally invasive procedure
1. Tissue architecture cannot be evaluated... 2. Non diagnostic…
Horizontal - smear down the length of the slide... vertical- on…
45 degree
3 advantages to cytology vs. biopsy
1. Speed... 2. Relatively low cost... 3. Minimally invasive procedure
3 disadvantages to cytology
1. Tissue architecture cannot be evaluated... 2. Non diagnostic…
9 terms
Cytology
Yeast
Cocci
Rod bacteria
Urine sediment
Yeast
Cocci
Cytology
Name the four major tissue types.
List the functions of epithelial cells.
How vascular are epithelium and connec…
What are the functions of the nucleus?
epithelia, connective tissue, muscle, nervous
protection, absorption, secretion, excretion, and gas exchange
epithelium = avascular... connective tissue = vascular
-replication of DNA... -DNA repair... -RNA transcription and proces…
Name the four major tissue types.
epithelia, connective tissue, muscle, nervous
List the functions of epithelial cells.
protection, absorption, secretion, excretion, and gas exchange
Cytology
Organelles
Prokaryotes... Eukaryotes
Plasma Membrane (Wall) is
Nucleus (Headquarters)
Subcellular structures with specialized function found in euk…
a. Cells without nucleus and membrane bound organelles (Bacte…
Double phospolipid membrane... Fluid mosaic model... Selectively pe…
Surrounded by nuclear envelope... DNA is organized into material…
Organelles
Subcellular structures with specialized function found in euk…
Prokaryotes... Eukaryotes
a. Cells without nucleus and membrane bound organelles (Bacte…
25 terms
Cytology
Cell
Organelle
Stem Cell
Cell Membrane
The basic unit of all living organisms
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
An undifferentiated cell that can differentiate into any spec…
Composed of a phospholipid bilayer; regulates what enters and…
Cell
The basic unit of all living organisms
Organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
16 terms
cytology
cytosol
nucleus
nuclear membrane
chromatin
Semiliquid portion of the cytoplasm
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
Long strands of DNA wrapped around proteins.
cytosol
Semiliquid portion of the cytoplasm
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
CYTOLOGY
Rudolf Virchow
Robert Hooke
Theodore Schwann
Mitochondrion
Observed that all living things are composed of cells
Discovered cells
Observed that animals are made of cells
powerhouse of the cell
Rudolf Virchow
Observed that all living things are composed of cells
Robert Hooke
Discovered cells
Cytology
Mitochondrion
Golgi apparatus
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Organelle with folded inner membrane where cell respiration o…
Organelle that looks like stack of pancakes. Proteins and lip…
Proteins, manufactured by tiny cell parts on this part, are t…
Lipids and carbohydrates are made in this part.
Mitochondrion
Organelle with folded inner membrane where cell respiration o…
Golgi apparatus
Organelle that looks like stack of pancakes. Proteins and lip…
20 terms
Cytology
Cell membrane
Cytosol
Nucleus
Nuclear membrane envelope
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Covers the nucleus
Cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Cytosol
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Cytology
organism
cell theory
bacterium
prokaryote
A living thing
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural, functi…
Bacteria- prokaryotic organism
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
organism
A living thing
cell theory
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural, functi…
Cytology
name two types of cells
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic
describe the 3 main constituents of a…
prokaryotic & eukarotic
Small, simple, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, sing…
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other m…
cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
name two types of cells
prokaryotic & eukarotic
prokaryotic cells
Small, simple, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, sing…
Cytology
2 cells or more cells
1cell
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Multicellular
Unicellular
Jelly like substance
Control center (DNA)
2 cells or more cells
Multicellular
1cell
Unicellular
7 terms
Cytology
Extracellular Fluid
Interstitial Fluid
Receptor Proteins
Linker Proteins
Body fluid that is not contained in cells. It is found in blo…
The fluid in spaces between the tissues cells, constituting a…
Recognizes a ligand (specific chemical) and alters function i…
Anchors filaments to plasma membrane inside and outside the c…
Extracellular Fluid
Body fluid that is not contained in cells. It is found in blo…
Interstitial Fluid
The fluid in spaces between the tissues cells, constituting a…
27 terms
Cytology
Cellular Respiration
Major Components
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
-Set of metabolic reactions... -Produces ATP... -Breaks down carbs
Glycolysis... Krebs Cycle... Electron Transport Chain... Oxidative Pho…
Occurs in cytoplasm... Produces 2 ATP & 2 Pyruvate
Takes Pryuvate... Creates electron carriers... Produces NADH, FADH
Cellular Respiration
-Set of metabolic reactions... -Produces ATP... -Breaks down carbs
Major Components
Glycolysis... Krebs Cycle... Electron Transport Chain... Oxidative Pho…
Cytology
Cytology
Fix smear immediately
Exfoliate cytology
Desquamated
The study of cells. To view cells in their original state.
While it's still wet to prevent cellular distortion
Microscopic examination of cells desquamated from a body surf…
The shedding of epithelial elements (mainly skin) in sheets/s…
Cytology
The study of cells. To view cells in their original state.
Fix smear immediately
While it's still wet to prevent cellular distortion
Cytology
Aerobic
Ribosome
Mitochondrian
Mitochondrian
Requiring atmospheric oxygen
Where protein synthesis occurs
The center for cellular respiration
Cristae present
Aerobic
Requiring atmospheric oxygen
Ribosome
Where protein synthesis occurs
194 terms
Cytology
Anestrus
Proestrus
Estrus
Diestrus
No attracrtion ... Not swollen... Smear- noncornified/basal/parabas…
Attractive to male... Will not accept male... Vulva swollen... Serosan…
Attractive to males... Accepts male... Less swollen... Discharge straw…
No longer accepts males ... Cornified to noncornified ... Numerous…
Anestrus
No attracrtion ... Not swollen... Smear- noncornified/basal/parabas…
Proestrus
Attractive to male... Will not accept male... Vulva swollen... Serosan…
29 terms
Cytology
hooke
brown
dujardin
schliden(biotinist) and Schwann(zoolog…
observed cork and identified cells
noticed the nucleus in a leaf
discovered living part of the cell we now call photo plasm
all living things are made of cells
hooke
observed cork and identified cells
brown
noticed the nucleus in a leaf
19 terms
cytology
cell membrane
cytosol
nucleus
nuclear membrane/envelope
cell membrane
cytosol
Cytology
metabolism
homeostasis
cells
tissues
all the chemical processes in the body
the condition of equilibrium in the body's internal environme…
the smallest living units in the body
group of cells that work together to perform a function
metabolism
all the chemical processes in the body
homeostasis
the condition of equilibrium in the body's internal environme…
18 terms
Cytology
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
simple cell w/o nucleus. no membranes around organelles... ex:ba…
complex cell w/membranes inside cell as well as a nucleus... ex:…
thin, tense skin-like barrier around every cell that holds th…
fluid in which all the organelles inside the cell are found.…
Prokaryote
simple cell w/o nucleus. no membranes around organelles... ex:ba…
Eukaryote
complex cell w/membranes inside cell as well as a nucleus... ex:…
Cytology
organelles
Plasma/cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
little organs; workers in the cell
outer layer of the cell; made up of lipids (phospholipids)' s…
material between the plasma membrane and the membrane that su…
the part of the cytoplasm that is not held by any of the orga…
organelles
little organs; workers in the cell
Plasma/cell membrane
outer layer of the cell; made up of lipids (phospholipids)' s…
Cytology
Cell
Organelle
Stem Cell
Cell Membrane
The basic unit of all living organisms
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
An undifferentiated cell that can differentiate into any spec…
Ccomposed of a phospholipid bilayer; regulates what enters an…
Cell
The basic unit of all living organisms
Organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
23 terms
Cytology
Cell membrane
Phospholipid bilayer
Fluid Mosaic Model
Prokaryotic Cell
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
The two layers of lipid molecules that make up most of the ce…
Representation of the cell membrane
Has no nucleus or other membrane bound organelles. Does have…
Cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Phospholipid bilayer
The two layers of lipid molecules that make up most of the ce…
52 terms
Cytology
cell membrane
cell wall
nucleus
ribosome
separates the cell from the external environment; forms a bou…
provides rigid support and protection from the external envir…
controls all cell activities and stores genetic information
makes proteins
cell membrane
separates the cell from the external environment; forms a bou…
cell wall
provides rigid support and protection from the external envir…
14 terms
Cytology
Plasma membrane
Cytosol
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope/membrane
Plasma membrane
Cytosol
Cytology
Vacuoles
Phospholipids
Channel Proteins
Ribosomes
- Membrane-bound sacs for storage, digestion, and waste remov…
Phospholipids contain hydrophilic head and hydrophobic tail.…
Allow particles to pass freely through the membrane
A non-membrane bound organelle that produces protein
Vacuoles
- Membrane-bound sacs for storage, digestion, and waste remov…
Phospholipids
Phospholipids contain hydrophilic head and hydrophobic tail.…
32 terms
Cytology
organism
benign
capsid
chromatin
A living thing
of a mild type or character that does not threaten health or…
the protein shell of a virus particle that surrounds its nucl…
complex of a nucleic acid with basic proteins (as histone) in…
organism
A living thing
benign
of a mild type or character that does not threaten health or…
Cytology
Active Transport
Carbohydrate
Cell Division
Cytokinesis
A membrane transport mechanism requiring energy whereby chemi…
An organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen,…
The dividing of a single cel to form two new (daughter) cells…
The cell divisional event wherein the cell membrane invaginat…
Active Transport
A membrane transport mechanism requiring energy whereby chemi…
Carbohydrate
An organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen,…
17 terms
Cytology
Leuvanhook
Hooke
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Dude who viewed lake water
British dude who viewed cork
DONT hv membrane bound organelles (hv ribosomes)
DO hv membrane bound organelles (hv ribosomes)
Leuvanhook
Dude who viewed lake water
Hooke
British dude who viewed cork
27 terms
Cytology
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
Rough ER
external cell barrier- transports substances in and out of ce…
Cellular region between the nuclear and plasma membranes; con…
Sites of protein synthesis- - dense particles with ribosomal…
Makes proteins that are secreted from cell; creates cell memb…
Plasma membrane
external cell barrier- transports substances in and out of ce…
Cytoplasm
Cellular region between the nuclear and plasma membranes; con…
31 terms
Cytology
Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Interphase
Membrane
Nucleus
Cytology
Methylene blue
Non-degenerate neutrophils
Non-degenerate neutrophils
Degenerate neutrophils
Stain used for spotting protozoa inside cells
Crisp nuclear outlines, stain darkly, clear to pink cytoplasm…
Methylene blue
Stain used for spotting protozoa inside cells
Non-degenerate neutrophils
cytology
Parts
Transport
active transport
Passive transport
Nucleus, cell membrane, organelles & cytoplasm
Active and passive
!ENERGY! ,Protein pumps, [low] to [high] , endocytosis & exoc…
Osmosis and diffusion
Parts
Nucleus, cell membrane, organelles & cytoplasm
Transport
Active and passive
53 terms
cytology
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
compartmentalization
plasmodesmata
cells in bacteria and monerons; DNA not bound to histone prot…
cells in protists, fungi, plants, animals; DNA bound to histo…
cell membranes bound organelles to allow specialization, indi…
An open channel in the cell walls of plant cells allowing for…
prokaryotic
cells in bacteria and monerons; DNA not bound to histone prot…
eukaryotic
cells in protists, fungi, plants, animals; DNA bound to histo…
124 terms
Cytology
Vacuoles
Plasmolysis
Solute
Solvent
- Membrane-bound sacs for storage, digestion, and waste remov…
Plasmolysis involves the shrinking or the contraction of the…
One of two main parts that compose a solution. The solute is…
One of two main parts that compose a solution. The solvent is…
Vacuoles
- Membrane-bound sacs for storage, digestion, and waste remov…
Plasmolysis
Plasmolysis involves the shrinking or the contraction of the…
67 terms
Cytology
nuclear membrane
nuclear lamina
nucleolus
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
...
a netlike array of protein filaments that maintain the shape…
a structure in the nucleus formed from various chromosomes an…
the portion of the endoplasmic reticulum that is free of ribo…
nuclear membrane
...
nuclear lamina
a netlike array of protein filaments that maintain the shape…
Cytology
Diffusion
Osomosis
Osmotic Pressure
hypertonic
Passive molecular movement from an area of higher concentrati…
The movement of water across a selectively permeable membrane…
The force of osmotic water movement; the pressure that must b…
Concentration of solutes is greater outside the cell than ins…
Diffusion
Passive molecular movement from an area of higher concentrati…
Osomosis
The movement of water across a selectively permeable membrane…
41 terms
Cytology
Squamous
Cubodial
Columnar
Polygonal
Thin, flat, scaly shape, often with a bulge where the nucleus…
Squarish-looking in frontal tissue sections and about equal i…
Distinctly taller than wide (Ex. Cells of stomach and intesti…
Irregular angular shapes with four, five or more sides. Look…
Squamous
Thin, flat, scaly shape, often with a bulge where the nucleus…
Cubodial
Squarish-looking in frontal tissue sections and about equal i…
Cytology
The Cell Theory
Size of Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
the cell is the smallest unit of life that can maintain and p…
...
lack a nucleus; includes bacteria and blue-green algae. (King…
posses a nucleus and many complex organelles; includes protis…
The Cell Theory
the cell is the smallest unit of life that can maintain and p…
Size of Cells
...
25 terms
Cytology
Cell Membrane
Cell Membrane
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
A barrier, regulation
Made of lipids
Fluid that suspends everything in the cell
Cell Membrane
A barrier, regulation
Cell Membrane
Made of lipids
40 terms
Cytology
cell membrance
cell wall
nucleus
Chromatin
Selectively permeable, phospholipid bilayer that controls the…
Provides shape and support; contains cellulose in plants, chi…
Membrane-bound organelle that stores the DNA, RNA, and nucleo…
A linear molecule of DNA wrapped around proteins in non-divid…
cell membrance
Selectively permeable, phospholipid bilayer that controls the…
cell wall
Provides shape and support; contains cellulose in plants, chi…
58 terms
Cytology
What is another name for the cell memb…
The plasmalemma measures ___ in width.
The cell membrane is ___ at the EM lev…
List the 3 lamina of the plasmalemma.
Plasmalemma
8-10 nm
Trilaminar
-Outer & Inner electron dense lamina... -Electron-lucent interme…
What is another name for the cell memb…
Plasmalemma
The plasmalemma measures ___ in width.
8-10 nm
125 terms
Cytology
Vacuoles
Plasmolysis
Solute
Solvent
- Membrane-bound sacs for storage, digestion, and waste remov…
Plasmolysis involves the shrinking or the contraction of the…
One of two main parts that compose a solution. The solute is…
One of two main parts that compose a solution. The solvent is…
Vacuoles
- Membrane-bound sacs for storage, digestion, and waste remov…
Plasmolysis
Plasmolysis involves the shrinking or the contraction of the…
43 terms
Cytology
squamous epithelial cells
Transitional epithelial cells
Bilirubin crystals
Struvite crystals
-largest cells ... -common in low numbers... -if there are high #'s…
-orginate from the renal pelvis, ureters, urinary bladder +/o…
squamous epithelial cells
-largest cells ... -common in low numbers... -if there are high #'s…
Transitional epithelial cells
-orginate from the renal pelvis, ureters, urinary bladder +/o…
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