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Study sets matching "cytology"

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Study sets matching "cytology"

9 terms
Cytology
Yeast
Cocci
Rod bacteria
Urine sediment
Yeast
Cocci
124 terms
Cytology
Vacuoles
Plasmolysis
Solute
Solvent
- Membrane-bound sacs for storage, digestion, and waste remov…
Plasmolysis involves the shrinking or the contraction of the…
One of two main parts that compose a solution. The solute is…
One of two main parts that compose a solution. The solvent is…
Vacuoles
- Membrane-bound sacs for storage, digestion, and waste remov…
Plasmolysis
Plasmolysis involves the shrinking or the contraction of the…
82 terms
Cytology
Composite cell
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
includes many different cell structures that are not necessar…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
Composite cell
includes many different cell structures that are not necessar…
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
35 terms
Cytology
Endosymbiotic Theory
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Lactic Acid
Mitochondria and chloroplasts evolved from prokaryotic cells
Making energy in the presence of oxygen
Making energy in areas without oxygen; produces lactic acid
Produced during anaerobic respiration; makes muscles sore
Endosymbiotic Theory
Mitochondria and chloroplasts evolved from prokaryotic cells
Aerobic Respiration
Making energy in the presence of oxygen
14 terms
CYTOLOGY
Rudolf Virchow
Robert Hooke
Theodore Schwann
Mitochondrion
Observed that all living things are composed of cells
Discovered cells
Observed that animals are made of cells
powerhouse of the cell
Rudolf Virchow
Observed that all living things are composed of cells
Robert Hooke
Discovered cells
Cytology
Mitochondrion
Golgi apparatus
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Organelle with folded inner membrane where cell respiration o…
Organelle that looks like stack of pancakes. Proteins and lip…
Proteins, manufactured by tiny cell parts on this part, are t…
Lipids and carbohydrates are made in this part.
Mitochondrion
Organelle with folded inner membrane where cell respiration o…
Golgi apparatus
Organelle that looks like stack of pancakes. Proteins and lip…
23 terms
Cytology
Cell membrane
Phospholipid bilayer
Fluid Mosaic Model
Prokaryotic Cell
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
The two layers of lipid molecules that make up most of the ce…
Representation of the cell membrane
Has no nucleus or other membrane bound organelles. Does have…
Cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Phospholipid bilayer
The two layers of lipid molecules that make up most of the ce…
25 terms
Cytology
Cell
Organelle
Stem Cell
Cell Membrane
The basic unit of all living organisms
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
An undifferentiated cell that can differentiate into any spec…
Composed of a phospholipid bilayer; regulates what enters and…
Cell
The basic unit of all living organisms
Organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
45 terms
Cytology
Who coined the term "animalcules"
Who first made this sketch of a cell (…
Who came up with the concept of a cell…
Who came up with the concept that plan…
Dutch scientist, Anton van Leewenhoek in the 1600's
Robert Hooke (English)
Robert Brown (1830)
Matthais Schleiden (1838)
Who coined the term "animalcules"
Dutch scientist, Anton van Leewenhoek in the 1600's
Who first made this sketch of a cell (…
Robert Hooke (English)
33 terms
Cytology
Organelles
Prokaryotes... Eukaryotes
Plasma Membrane (Wall) is
Nucleus (Headquarters)
Subcellular structures with specialized function found in euk…
a. Cells without nucleus and membrane bound organelles (Bacte…
Double phospolipid membrane... Fluid mosaic model... Selectively pe…
Surrounded by nuclear envelope... DNA is organized into material…
Organelles
Subcellular structures with specialized function found in euk…
Prokaryotes... Eukaryotes
a. Cells without nucleus and membrane bound organelles (Bacte…
19 terms
cytology
cell membrane
cytosol
nucleus
nuclear membrane/envelope
cell membrane
cytosol
36 terms
Cytology
hyaline cartilage
stratified squamous epithelium
simple ciliated columnar epithelium
skeletal muscle
hyaline cartilage
stratified squamous epithelium
20 terms
Cytology
Cell membrane
Cytosol
Nucleus
Nuclear membrane envelope
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Covers the nucleus
Cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Cytosol
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
32 terms
Cytology
organism
cell theory
bacterium
prokaryote
A living thing
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural, functi…
Bacteria- prokaryotic organism
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
organism
A living thing
cell theory
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural, functi…
16 terms
Cytology
name two types of cells
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic
describe the 3 main constituents of a…
prokaryotic & eukarotic
Small, simple, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, sing…
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other m…
cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
name two types of cells
prokaryotic & eukarotic
prokaryotic cells
Small, simple, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, sing…
16 terms
cytology
cytosol
nucleus
nuclear membrane
chromatin
Semiliquid portion of the cytoplasm
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
Long strands of DNA wrapped around proteins.
cytosol
Semiliquid portion of the cytoplasm
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
27 terms
Cytology
Advantages of cytology
Limitations of cytology
Histopathology & considerations
Tissues assessed by aspirations & impr…
- Quick, easy, inexpensive... - Non-invasive... - Minimal risk to p…
- Relies on sample quality (skill of collector, smear quality…
Looking at slices of tissues... - More expensive & invasive... - Sl…
- Superficial masses... - Lymph node tissue (enlargement, metast…
Advantages of cytology
- Quick, easy, inexpensive... - Non-invasive... - Minimal risk to p…
Limitations of cytology
- Relies on sample quality (skill of collector, smear quality…
14 terms
Cytology
Plasma membrane
Cytosol
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope/membrane
Plasma membrane
Cytosol
45 terms
Cytology
Cytology
Cell theory
Cell membranes
Transport Proteins
Study of cellular structure, function, and processes
All living things are made of cells... Cells are the building bl…
made of phospholipid bi layers with embedded proteins, carbs,…
Transports materials in and out of a cell
Cytology
Study of cellular structure, function, and processes
Cell theory
All living things are made of cells... Cells are the building bl…
14 terms
Cytology
Cytoplasm (Micofilaments Micotubules)…
Nucleus
Nucleoli
ER (Smooth and Rough)
cellular material outside the nucleus and inside the plasma m…
Control center of the cell, contains DNA, controls cell divis…
Site where ribosomes are assembled
a system a fluid filled tubes that coil and twist through the…
Cytoplasm (Micofilaments Micotubules)…
cellular material outside the nucleus and inside the plasma m…
Nucleus
Control center of the cell, contains DNA, controls cell divis…
10 terms
Cytology
Proposed in 1938
A cell is
All cells come from
Cells contain
Cell theory
The structural and functional unit of all living things
Preexisting cells by division
Hereditary information
Proposed in 1938
Cell theory
A cell is
The structural and functional unit of all living things
52 terms
Cytology
cell membrane
cell wall
nucleus
ribosome
separates the cell from the external environment; forms a bou…
provides rigid support and protection from the external envir…
controls all cell activities and stores genetic information
makes proteins
cell membrane
separates the cell from the external environment; forms a bou…
cell wall
provides rigid support and protection from the external envir…
37 terms
Cytology
Cytology
Histology
Levels of organization
Cell
The study of cells
The study of tissues
Cell-tissue-organ-system
As basic unit of life
Cytology
The study of cells
Histology
The study of tissues
Cytology
Cytology
Ultrastructure
Electron Microscope
Contrast
Study of cell structure and function
Can be seen with electron microscope (detailed structure)
Beam of electrons to magnify objects up to 1 million times th…
The degree to which details can be distinguished in compariso…
Cytology
Study of cell structure and function
Ultrastructure
Can be seen with electron microscope (detailed structure)
Cytology
Active Transport
Carbohydrate
Cell Division
Cytokinesis
A membrane transport mechanism requiring energy whereby chemi…
An organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen,…
The dividing of a single cel to form two new (daughter) cells…
The cell divisional event wherein the cell membrane invaginat…
Active Transport
A membrane transport mechanism requiring energy whereby chemi…
Carbohydrate
An organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen,…
27 terms
Cytology
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
Rough ER
external cell barrier- transports substances in and out of ce…
Cellular region between the nuclear and plasma membranes; con…
Sites of protein synthesis- - dense particles with ribosomal…
Makes proteins that are secreted from cell; creates cell memb…
Plasma membrane
external cell barrier- transports substances in and out of ce…
Cytoplasm
Cellular region between the nuclear and plasma membranes; con…
135 terms
Cytology
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Brown
Schleiden
-discovered cells in cork and coined the term "cell"... -referre…
improved lenses to make one of the first microscopes (animalc…
discovered the cells nucleus
stated that all plants are made of cells
Robert Hooke
-discovered cells in cork and coined the term "cell"... -referre…
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
improved lenses to make one of the first microscopes (animalc…
31 terms
Cytology
organism
benign
capsid
chromatin
A living thing
of a mild type or character that does not threaten health or…
the protein shell of a virus particle that surrounds its nucl…
complex of a nucleic acid with basic proteins (as histone) in…
organism
A living thing
benign
of a mild type or character that does not threaten health or…
32 terms
Cytology
organism
benign
capsid
chromatin
A living thing
of a mild type or character that does not threaten health or…
the protein shell of a virus particle that surrounds its nucl…
complex of a nucleic acid with basic proteins (as histone) in…
organism
A living thing
benign
of a mild type or character that does not threaten health or…
53 terms
cytology
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
compartmentalization
plasmodesmata
cells in bacteria and monerons; DNA not bound to histone prot…
cells in protists, fungi, plants, animals; DNA bound to histo…
cell membranes bound organelles to allow specialization, indi…
An open channel in the cell walls of plant cells allowing for…
prokaryotic
cells in bacteria and monerons; DNA not bound to histone prot…
eukaryotic
cells in protists, fungi, plants, animals; DNA bound to histo…
17 terms
Cytology
Leuvanhook
Hooke
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Dude who viewed lake water
British dude who viewed cork
DONT hv membrane bound organelles (hv ribosomes)
DO hv membrane bound organelles (hv ribosomes)
Leuvanhook
Dude who viewed lake water
Hooke
British dude who viewed cork
8 terms
cytology
Parts
Transport
active transport
Passive transport
Nucleus, cell membrane, organelles & cytoplasm
Active and passive
!ENERGY! ,Protein pumps, [low] to [high] , endocytosis & exoc…
Osmosis and diffusion
Parts
Nucleus, cell membrane, organelles & cytoplasm
Transport
Active and passive
31 terms
Cytology
Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Interphase
Membrane
Nucleus
62 terms
Cytology
Characteristics of a Cell
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
- Plasma Membrane... - Cytoplasm... - Nucleus
- Separates the outside from the inside
- Fluid and Organelles
- Contains the DNA and controls the cell
Characteristics of a Cell
- Plasma Membrane... - Cytoplasm... - Nucleus
Plasma Membrane
- Separates the outside from the inside
17 terms
Cytology
Diffusion
Osomosis
Osmotic Pressure
hypertonic
Passive molecular movement from an area of higher concentrati…
The movement of water across a selectively permeable membrane…
The force of osmotic water movement; the pressure that must b…
Concentration of solutes is greater outside the cell than ins…
Diffusion
Passive molecular movement from an area of higher concentrati…
Osomosis
The movement of water across a selectively permeable membrane…
9 terms
Cytology
Plasma Membrane
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic reticulum
Plasma Membrane
Mitochondria
41 terms
Cytology
Squamous
Cubodial
Columnar
Polygonal
Thin, flat, scaly shape, often with a bulge where the nucleus…
Squarish-looking in frontal tissue sections and about equal i…
Distinctly taller than wide (Ex. Cells of stomach and intesti…
Irregular angular shapes with four, five or more sides. Look…
Squamous
Thin, flat, scaly shape, often with a bulge where the nucleus…
Cubodial
Squarish-looking in frontal tissue sections and about equal i…
16 terms
CYTOLOGY
Matthias Schleidem
Rudolf Virchow
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Observed that the plants are made of cells
Observed that all living things are composed of cells
Observed living things in pond water
Discovered cells
Matthias Schleidem
Observed that the plants are made of cells
Rudolf Virchow
Observed that all living things are composed of cells
47 terms
Cytology
The Cell Theory
Size of Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
the cell is the smallest unit of life that can maintain and p…
...
lack a nucleus; includes bacteria and blue-green algae. (King…
posses a nucleus and many complex organelles; includes protis…
The Cell Theory
the cell is the smallest unit of life that can maintain and p…
Size of Cells
...
40 terms
Cytology
cell membrance
cell wall
nucleus
Chromatin
Selectively permeable, phospholipid bilayer that controls the…
Provides shape and support; contains cellulose in plants, chi…
Membrane-bound organelle that stores the DNA, RNA, and nucleo…
A linear molecule of DNA wrapped around proteins in non-divid…
cell membrance
Selectively permeable, phospholipid bilayer that controls the…
cell wall
Provides shape and support; contains cellulose in plants, chi…
125 terms
Cytology
Vacuoles
Plasmolysis
Solute
Solvent
- Membrane-bound sacs for storage, digestion, and waste remov…
Plasmolysis involves the shrinking or the contraction of the…
One of two main parts that compose a solution. The solute is…
One of two main parts that compose a solution. The solvent is…
Vacuoles
- Membrane-bound sacs for storage, digestion, and waste remov…
Plasmolysis
Plasmolysis involves the shrinking or the contraction of the…
40 terms
Cytology
Membrane Components
Membrane Protein Categories
Carbohydrates
Cell Membrane
phospholipids, cholesterol (structural - lipid rafts), proteins
channels (pores - small molecule passive diffusion), pumps (c…
bind lipids and proteins to form glycolipids and glycoprotein…
amphipathic phospholipid bilayer, fluid mosaic model, separat…
Membrane Components
phospholipids, cholesterol (structural - lipid rafts), proteins
Membrane Protein Categories
channels (pores - small molecule passive diffusion), pumps (c…
8 terms
Cytology
Glycolysis
Krebs cycle
Electron Transport
Aerobic respiration equation
1st step in aerobic respiration
2nd step in aerobic respiration
3rd step in aerobic respiration
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O +38 ATP
Glycolysis
1st step in aerobic respiration
Krebs cycle
2nd step in aerobic respiration
25 terms
Cytology
Cell Membrane
Cell Membrane
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
A barrier, regulation
Made of lipids
Fluid that suspends everything in the cell
Cell Membrane
A barrier, regulation
Cell Membrane
Made of lipids
19 terms
Cytology
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Does not have a nucleus
Does have a nucleus
Contains the DNA brain of the cell
organized DNA
Prokaryotic Cell
Does not have a nucleus
Eukaryotic Cell
Does have a nucleus
43 terms
Cytology
squamous epithelial cells
Transitional epithelial cells
Bilirubin crystals
Struvite crystals
-largest cells ... -common in low numbers... -if there are high #'s…
-orginate from the renal pelvis, ureters, urinary bladder +/o…
squamous epithelial cells
-largest cells ... -common in low numbers... -if there are high #'s…
Transitional epithelial cells
-orginate from the renal pelvis, ureters, urinary bladder +/o…
14 terms
Cytology
Cell Wall... (Plant and animal cells)
Cell membrane... (Plant and animal cells)
Nucleus... (Plant and animal cells)
Nuclear membrane/envelope... (Plant and a…
A stiff wall that surrounds the cell membrane, giving the cel…
It protects the cell and regulates what substances enter and…
It is like the brain in the cell that directs all of the cell…
It protects the nucleus like an envelope protects a letter. M…
Cell Wall... (Plant and animal cells)
A stiff wall that surrounds the cell membrane, giving the cel…
Cell membrane... (Plant and animal cells)
It protects the cell and regulates what substances enter and…
17 terms
Cytology
organelle
prokaryote
eukaryote
plant
specialized structure inside cells that performs a job
cell without a nucleus
cell with a nucleus
this type of cell is rectangular and contains a cell wall
organelle
specialized structure inside cells that performs a job
prokaryote
cell without a nucleus
Cytology
organism
cell theory
bacterium
prokaryote
A living thing
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural, functi…
Bacteria- prokaryotic organism
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
organism
A living thing
cell theory
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural, functi…
40 terms
Cytology
Cytology
Nucleolus
Mitochondria
Golgi Apparatus
the study of cells
a small dense space in the nucleus of a cell during inter pha…
an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
a complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytopla…
Cytology
the study of cells
Nucleolus
a small dense space in the nucleus of a cell during inter pha…
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