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Statistics will do all of the followin…

I have 50 names in a hat. I draw 10 na…

I have a list of 100 names. I close my…

The statement, "Forty percent of the c…

3)prove relationship.

simple random sampling

systematic sampling

descriptive

Statistics will do all of the followin…

3)prove relationship.

I have 50 names in a hat. I draw 10 na…

simple random sampling

Mean

Median

Mode

Range

The sum of data divided by the number of items in the data se…

The middle number in a set of ordered data

The number or numbers that occur the most in a data set

The difference between the least and greatest values in a dat…

Mean

The sum of data divided by the number of items in the data se…

Median

The middle number in a set of ordered data

Bar Graph

Line Graph

Box-and-Whisker Plot

Circle Graph

A graph that uses horizontal or vertical bars to display data.

A graph that uses line segments to show changes that occur ov…

A graph that displays the highest and lowest quarters of data…

A graph of data where the entire circle represents the whole…

Bar Graph

A graph that uses horizontal or vertical bars to display data.

Line Graph

A graph that uses line segments to show changes that occur ov…

dot plot

frequency table

bar graph

stem and leaf plot

graph that uses dots or 'X's to display data

table that shows how often something happened during a period…

graph that uses rectangular bars to show how large each value…

table that shows each number split into a "leaf" (usually the…

dot plot

graph that uses dots or 'X's to display data

frequency table

table that shows how often something happened during a period…

Independent variable

Dependent variable

Qualitative data

Quantitative data

The variable that is varied or manipulated by the researcher.

The measured factor; the variable that may change in response…

Information describing color, odor, shape, or some other phys…

data that can be measured and written down with numbers

Independent variable

The variable that is varied or manipulated by the researcher.

Dependent variable

The measured factor; the variable that may change in response…

Data Table

Trend

Direct

Inverse

A way of organizing data where the IV goes on on the left, an…

A pattern or relationship in data.

Type of data trend/relationship in which BOTH variables incre…

Type of data trend/relationship in which ONE variable increas…

Data Table

A way of organizing data where the IV goes on on the left, an…

Trend

A pattern or relationship in data.

mean

median

mode

range

the sum of the numbers in a data set divided by how many numb…

The middle number of a set of numbers when the numbers are ar…

the number or numbers that occur most often in a data set

the difference between the greatest number and the... least numb…

mean

the sum of the numbers in a data set divided by how many numb…

median

The middle number of a set of numbers when the numbers are ar…

Analyze

Frequency Table

Dot plot

Pictograph

to examine or think about something carefully in order to und…

A table for organizing a set of data that shows the number of…

Also known as a line plot. A diagram showing frequency of dat…

A pictorial symbol for a word or phrase.

Analyze

to examine or think about something carefully in order to und…

Frequency Table

A table for organizing a set of data that shows the number of…

histogram

bar graph

line graph

scatter plot

A bar graph representing frequency distribution for certain r…

Compares data values (no intervals).

uses lines to join points which represent the data over time

a graphical diagram with points plotted to show a relationshi…

histogram

A bar graph representing frequency distribution for certain r…

bar graph

Compares data values (no intervals).

Mean

Median

Mode

Range

the average of a set of numbers, first add then divide by num…

the middle number in a set of data-order from smallest to lar…

the number which appears most often in a set of numbers, ther…

the difference between the lowest and highest numbers in a se…

Mean

the average of a set of numbers, first add then divide by num…

Median

the middle number in a set of data-order from smallest to lar…

Bar Graph

Line Graph

Box-and-Whisker Plot

Circle Graph

A graph that uses horizontal or vertical bars to display data.

A graph that uses line segments to show changes that occur ov…

A graph that displays the highest and lowest quarters of data…

A graph of data where the entire circle represents the whole…

Bar Graph

A graph that uses horizontal or vertical bars to display data.

Line Graph

A graph that uses line segments to show changes that occur ov…

Frequency Tables

Joint frequency

Marginal frequency

Frequency Table Absolute Total

shows things that occur frequent

Each entry in a two-way table

The sums of the rows and columns

Total # of data points

Frequency Tables

shows things that occur frequent

Joint frequency

Each entry in a two-way table

DATA COLLECTION

TRANSCRIBING THE DATA (ANNOTATION SYST…

TRANSCRIPTION CONVENTIONS ACCORDING TO…

TRANSCRIPTION ACCORDING TO DEBORAH SCH…

THE OBJECT OF THE RESEARCH IS RELEVANT.... SELECTION OF MATERIAL…

GENRE, DATE AND PLACE.... TRANSCRIPTION SHOULD BE : -SYSTEMATICA…

PROSODY............ TONES, PITCH, STRESS, PAUSES.... SPEAKERS...…

- FALLING INTONATION....... . ... - NOTICEABLE PAUSE...........…

DATA COLLECTION

THE OBJECT OF THE RESEARCH IS RELEVANT.... SELECTION OF MATERIAL…

TRANSCRIBING THE DATA (ANNOTATION SYST…

GENRE, DATE AND PLACE.... TRANSCRIPTION SHOULD BE : -SYSTEMATICA…

Descriptive statistics

Inferential statistics

Parametric statistics

Nonparametric statistics

values that organize and describe the characteristics of a co…

used to make inferences from your sample to the population- e…

statistics used for the inference from a sample to a populati…

makes no assumption about the distribution of scores in the p…

Descriptive statistics

values that organize and describe the characteristics of a co…

Inferential statistics

used to make inferences from your sample to the population- e…

relative risk reduction

randomization of subjects

prevelance

sequential study

An estimate of the percentage of baseline risk that is remove…

Which of the following is the most essential feature of a cli…

The proportion of the population that has a disease at a spec…

Which common clinical trial design continues until one treatm…

relative risk reduction

An estimate of the percentage of baseline risk that is remove…

randomization of subjects

Which of the following is the most essential feature of a cli…

Scatter plot

Bar graph

Dot plot

Frequency Table

A graph with points plotted to show a possible relationship b…

a type of graph in which the lengths of bars are used to repr…

A method of visually displaying a distribution of data values…

A table for organizing a set of data that shows the number of…

Scatter plot

A graph with points plotted to show a possible relationship b…

Bar graph

a type of graph in which the lengths of bars are used to repr…

dot plot

data

outlier

frequency table

a display of responses along a number line, with DOTS recorde…

collected information

a value that is much greater or much less than the other valu…

used to show the number of times something occurs

dot plot

a display of responses along a number line, with DOTS recorde…

data

collected information

Frequency Table

Dot Plot

Bar Graph

Stem-and-Leaf Plot

is a table or chart that shows how many times something is re…

shows data values and the shape of the data set. A number lin…

A graph that uses bars to show and compare data.

Group together data that starts with the same digit or digits.

Frequency Table

is a table or chart that shows how many times something is re…

Dot Plot

shows data values and the shape of the data set. A number lin…

survey

range

mode

median

A way to collect data in which you ask... people a question and…

The difference between the greatest... and least numbers in a se…

The number or numbers that occur most often in a set of data.

The middle number when a set of numbers is arranged... in order…

survey

A way to collect data in which you ask... people a question and…

range

The difference between the greatest... and least numbers in a se…

dot plot

frequency table

bar graph

stem and leaf plot

graph that uses dots or 'X's to display data

table that shows how often something happened during a period…

graph that uses rectangular bars to show how large each value…

table that shows each number split into a "leaf" (usually the…

dot plot

graph that uses dots or 'X's to display data

frequency table

table that shows how often something happened during a period…

Mean

Median

Mode

Range

The sum of data divided by the number of items in the data se…

The middle number in a set of ordered data

The number or numbers that occur the most in a data set

The difference between the least and greatest values in a dat…

Mean

The sum of data divided by the number of items in the data se…

Median

The middle number in a set of ordered data

Mean

Median

Mode

Range

The sum of data divided by the number of items in the data se…

The middle number in a set of ordered data

The number or numbers that occur the most in a data set

The difference between the least and greatest values in a dat…

Mean

The sum of data divided by the number of items in the data se…

Median

The middle number in a set of ordered data

mean

median

mode

range

The arithmetic average of a data set, obtained by adding the…

The number that marks the middle of an ordered set of data

The category or numerical value that occurs most often

Difference between highest and lowest scores in a set of data.

mean

The arithmetic average of a data set, obtained by adding the…

median

The number that marks the middle of an ordered set of data

accuracy

precision

central limit theorem

inter-rater reliability

the degree of conformity of a measured or calculated quantity…

the degree to which further measurements or calculations show…

shows that the probability distribution of the averaged measu…

the concordance or the degree of agreement among different ra…

accuracy

the degree of conformity of a measured or calculated quantity…

precision

the degree to which further measurements or calculations show…

data

outlier

trend

discrete data

collected information

a value that is much greater or much less than the other valu…

a relationship between two sets of data that shows up as a pa…

data where only whole numbers are possible

data

collected information

outlier

a value that is much greater or much less than the other valu…

Independent... (Probability)

Probability of two events ... both occurr…

Probability of one event or another oc…

Null Hypothesis

The probability of either event is not affected by the occurr…

P (A and B) = P(A) x P(B)

P (A or B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A and B)

There is no relationship between two measured phenomena, the…

Independent... (Probability)

The probability of either event is not affected by the occurr…

Probability of two events ... both occurr…

P (A and B) = P(A) x P(B)

Sample

population

parameter

statistic

people or objects of the survey

the people you want to draw conclusions about

characteristics of the population - unknown, so estimated wit…

some characteristic of the sample

Sample

people or objects of the survey

population

the people you want to draw conclusions about

Data Table

Trend

Direct

Inverse

A way of organizing data where the IV goes on on the left, an…

A pattern or relationship in data.

Type of data trend/relationship in which BOTH variables incre…

Type of data trend/relationship in which ONE variable increas…

Data Table

A way of organizing data where the IV goes on on the left, an…

Trend

A pattern or relationship in data.

Dot plot

Categorical data

Numerical data

Frequency

A display of responses along a number line,with dots recorded…

Consists of values or observations that can be sorted into gr…

Consists of values or observations that can be measured Ex: H…

Describes how often data values occur

Dot plot

A display of responses along a number line,with dots recorded…

Categorical data

Consists of values or observations that can be sorted into gr…

Standard normal distribution

Bimodial distributions

Interquartile range

Prob of ind events

Mean=median=mode. Mean=0 and sd=1

Multiple peaks and may need to perform analysis on groups sep…

3rd quartile-1st. Outliers=Q1 or Q3*1.5+ or -IQR

Do not change based on outcome

Standard normal distribution

Mean=median=mode. Mean=0 and sd=1

Bimodial distributions

Multiple peaks and may need to perform analysis on groups sep…

Mean

Median

Mode

Range

the average of a set of numbers, first add then divide by num…

the middle number in a set of data- order from the smallest t…

the number which appears most often in a set of numbers, ther…

the difference between the highest and lowest numbers in a da…

Mean

the average of a set of numbers, first add then divide by num…

Median

the middle number in a set of data- order from the smallest t…

Mean

Median

Mode

Range

the average of the data points; impacted heavily by outliers

the central value of a data set; not affected by outliers

the most common data point(s); not affected by outliers

the difference between the largest and smallest value in a se…

Mean

the average of the data points; impacted heavily by outliers

Median

the central value of a data set; not affected by outliers

One Sample t-Test (Definition)

Paired Samples t-Test (Definition)

Independent Samples t-Test

Bivariate Correlation (Definition)

Use a ______ when you want to test the hypothesis that the po…

Use this t-test when the members of the two samples are relat…

Use __________ when you have two samples that are not related…

Assesses the relationship or association of two variables.

One Sample t-Test (Definition)

Use a ______ when you want to test the hypothesis that the po…

Paired Samples t-Test (Definition)

Use this t-test when the members of the two samples are relat…

Trend

Inverse

x-axis

y-axis

A pattern or relationship in data.

Type of data trend/relationship in which ONE variable increas…

Horizontal axis (side-to-side); always shows the independent…

Vertical axis (up-and-down); always shows the dependent varia…

Trend

A pattern or relationship in data.

Inverse

Type of data trend/relationship in which ONE variable increas…

Random Sample

Stratified Random Sample

Systematic Sample

Convenience Sample

Every member of the population has an equal chance of being s…

The population is divided into distinct groups. Members are s…

A rule is used to select members of the population.

Only members of the population who are easily accessible are…

Random Sample

Every member of the population has an equal chance of being s…

Stratified Random Sample

The population is divided into distinct groups. Members are s…

Seven Conditions

The true model is linear in the coeffi…

The error term has a zero mean when th…

All independent variables are uncorrel…

1. The true model is linear in the coefficients and in the er…

RULES OUT: ... unusual relationships in which the underlying the…

...

...

Seven Conditions

1. The true model is linear in the coefficients and in the er…

The true model is linear in the coeffi…

RULES OUT: ... unusual relationships in which the underlying the…

Statistics will do all of the followin…

I have 50 names in a hat. I draw 10 na…

I have a list of 100 names. I close my…

The statement, "Forty percent of the c…

3)prove relationship.

simple random sampling

systematic sampling

descriptive

Statistics will do all of the followin…

3)prove relationship.

I have 50 names in a hat. I draw 10 na…

simple random sampling

Direct relationship

Inverse relationship

Precision

Accuracy

A relationship between two number in which an increase in the…

A relationship between two numbers in which an increase in th…

How far apart repeated measurements are from each other; a me…

How close a number is to the actual value.

Direct relationship

A relationship between two number in which an increase in the…

Inverse relationship

A relationship between two numbers in which an increase in th…

What is a variable in data analysis?

What is the distribution of data?

What is the frequency or count of a nu…

What is the relative frequency?

Any characteristic that can vary for the population of indivi…

The values of a variable and how frequently they occur.

Number of times that the value appears in the data.

The frequency divided by the total number of data.

What is a variable in data analysis?

Any characteristic that can vary for the population of indivi…

What is the distribution of data?

The values of a variable and how frequently they occur.

Assignment and Sampling matrix

Association (variables that show conne…

Characteristics of Experiment studies

Characteristics of Observational studies

Positive... Negative

- Randomly assign subject to treatments... - Establish causal co…

- Collect data without interfering with the process ("observe…

Assignment and Sampling matrix

Association (variables that show conne…

Positive... Negative

Mean

Mode

Range

Median

Average of the sum of numbers of items then divided by the am…

The piece of data that comes up MOST OFTEN in a set of data.

The difference between the greatest and the least piece of da…

The number in the MIDDLE after the data has been arranged in…

Mean

Average of the sum of numbers of items then divided by the am…

Mode

The piece of data that comes up MOST OFTEN in a set of data.

box plot

dot plot

first quartile

histogram

a plot showing the minimum, maximum, first quartile, median,…

a frequency plot that shows the number of times a response oc…

the value that identifies the lower 25% of the data; it is th…

a frequency plot that shows the number of times a response or…

box plot

a plot showing the minimum, maximum, first quartile, median,…

dot plot

a frequency plot that shows the number of times a response oc…

What are the measures of central tende…

What is another term for the average o…

What is the middle number in a data se…

What is the term for the number in a d…

Mean, Median, and Mode

Mean

Median

Mode

What are the measures of central tende…

Mean, Median, and Mode

What is another term for the average o…

Mean

- provide a single value representatio…

Average of a set of data ... - add all t…

_ lies in the middle of the data set... 5…

Data point that appears most often ... -…

Measurements of central tendency

Mean

Median

Mode

- provide a single value representatio…

Measurements of central tendency

Average of a set of data ... - add all t…

Mean