Study sets matching "definition physical science forces motion"

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Study sets matching "definition physical science forces motion"

Physical Science Forces in Motion
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or pull that acts on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
18 terms
Physical Science Forces in Motion
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or pull that acts on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
Physical Science Forces & Motion
Law of Conservation of Momentum
static friction
sliding friction
rolling friction
the momentum lost by object 1 is equal to the momentum gained…
force that prevents two surfaces from sliding; no motion
force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding past ea…
force between a rolling object and a surface
Law of Conservation of Momentum
the momentum lost by object 1 is equal to the momentum gained…
static friction
force that prevents two surfaces from sliding; no motion
Physical Science Motion and Force
Distance
Displacement
Average speed
Instantaneous speed
describes how far an object has moved
the distance and direction of an object's change in position…
the total distance the object travels divided by the total ti…
the speed of the object at a given point in time
Distance
describes how far an object has moved
Displacement
the distance and direction of an object's change in position…
7 terms
Physical Science: Forces and Motion
Balanced Forces
Unbalanced Forces
Gravitational Force
Velocity
2 equal forces that act upon an object in opposite directions
2 or more forces pushing or pulling against each other result…
the force of attraction between all masses in the universe
rate of change of position of an object in a specified direct…
Balanced Forces
2 equal forces that act upon an object in opposite directions
Unbalanced Forces
2 or more forces pushing or pulling against each other result…
22 terms
Physical Science Forces in Motion
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or pull that acts on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
21 terms
Physical Science Motion and Force
Distance
Displacement
Average speed
Instantaneous speed
describes how far an object has moved
the distance and direction of an object's change in position…
the total distance the object travels divided by the total ti…
the speed of the object at a given point in time
Distance
describes how far an object has moved
Displacement
the distance and direction of an object's change in position…
18 terms
Physical Science Forces in Motion
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or pull that acts on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
21 terms
Physical Science Motion and Force
Distance
Displacement
Average speed
Instantaneous speed
describes how far an object has moved
the distance and direction of an object's change in position…
the total distance the object travels divided by the total ti…
the speed of the object at a given point in time
Distance
describes how far an object has moved
Displacement
the distance and direction of an object's change in position…
22 terms
Physical Science Chapter 12 Forces in Motion
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or pull that acts on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
Chapter 2 Physical Science: Forces and Motion
force
gravity
inertia
friction
a push or pull on an object that can cause it to change motion.
a force that pulls any two objects toward one another, such a…
the tendency of a moving object to stay in motion and a resti…
a force that slows the motion of moving objects.
force
a push or pull on an object that can cause it to change motion.
gravity
a force that pulls any two objects toward one another, such a…
6 terms
Physical Science Forces & Motion
work
joules
scalars
vectors
force * distance... units= joules
unit for work, kg*m2/s2
quantities that are fully described by numerical value repres…
quantities that are fully described by both a numerical value…
work
force * distance... units= joules
joules
unit for work, kg*m2/s2
12 terms
Physical Science - Forces & Motion
Motion
Newton's Laws of Motion
Force
Applied Force
is change in an object's position
Fundemental principles of motion... 1. objects in motion will st…
is an influence that causes an object to undergo a change in…
Force applied directly to an object by another object or pers…
Motion
is change in an object's position
Newton's Laws of Motion
Fundemental principles of motion... 1. objects in motion will st…
10 terms
Physical Science Force/Motion
Aristotle
Speed
relative motion
newtons law
Classified Motion into two kinds: natural motion and unnatura…
a description of how fast, velocity is and in what direction
motion relative to something else.
influenced by Galileos findings
Aristotle
Classified Motion into two kinds: natural motion and unnatura…
Speed
a description of how fast, velocity is and in what direction
Physical Science Motion and Forces
reference point
motion
reference point
motion
nonmoving point from which motion is measured
change in position in relation to a reference point
a ___________ is needed to determine the position of an object
___________ occurs when an object changes in position relativ…
reference point
nonmoving point from which motion is measured
motion
change in position in relation to a reference point
20 terms
Physical Science- (Motion/Forces)
Absorb
Acceleration
Amplitude
Attraction
To take up and store energy without reflecting or transmittin…
The rate at which velocity is changing. The change may involv…
A measurement that indicates the movement or vibration of wav…
A push or a pull that one object exerts on another object wit…
Absorb
To take up and store energy without reflecting or transmittin…
Acceleration
The rate at which velocity is changing. The change may involv…
22 terms
Forces and motion physical science
Motion
Reference Point/Frame
Scalar
Vector
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
What a stationary object is called (Earth is a common referen…
A physical quantity that has magnitude only.
A quantity that has magnitude and direction
Motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
Reference Point/Frame
What a stationary object is called (Earth is a common referen…
32 terms
Physical Science Motion and Forces
Distance
Displacement
Distance/ displacement UNITS
2 ways to change Velocity
How much ground an object has covered.
Straight line distance between objects start and end points,…
Meters
-change speed... -change direction
Distance
How much ground an object has covered.
Displacement
Straight line distance between objects start and end points,…
25 terms
Physical Science Motion and Force
Distance
Displacement
Average speed
Instantaneous speed
describes how far an object has moved
the distance and direction of an object's change in position…
the total distance the object travels divided by the total ti…
the speed of the object at a given point in time
Distance
describes how far an object has moved
Displacement
the distance and direction of an object's change in position…
23 terms
Physical Science 10 Forces & Motion
Joule formula
Newton formula
velocity formula & units
acceleration formula & units
Kg x m^2/s^2... ^2= squared
Kgx m^2/s^2... ^2= squared
v=d/t (units in meters/second)... velocity = distance divided b…
change in velocity/time (units= meters/second squared)
Joule formula
Kg x m^2/s^2... ^2= squared
Newton formula
Kgx m^2/s^2... ^2= squared
17 terms
Physical Science: Motions and Forces
speed
velocity
momentum
acceleration
how fast an object moves; distance traveled divided by time i…
quantity describing both speed and direction
a quantity defined as the product of an object's mass and vel…
change in velocity divided by the time interval in which the…
speed
how fast an object moves; distance traveled divided by time i…
velocity
quantity describing both speed and direction
Physical Science: Motion and Forces
What is a Frame of Reference?
What is an example of a Frame of Refer…
What is the difference between Distanc…
What two components are required to de…
A System of objects that are non moving.
At an running race the frame of reference would be the start…
Distance is the length of the entire path and Displacement is…
magnitude and a direction.
What is a Frame of Reference?
A System of objects that are non moving.
What is an example of a Frame of Refer…
At an running race the frame of reference would be the start…
Physical Science, MOTION AND FORCES
Newton's first law of motion states th…
A person in a head-on car collision, w…
Forces that are equal in size and oppo…
What type of force causes the motion o…
an unbalanced net force
inertia
balanced force
push or pull
Newton's first law of motion states th…
an unbalanced net force
A person in a head-on car collision, w…
inertia
30 terms
Physical Science - Forces and Motion
What is a force?
What is the unit of force?
Is a force a vector or a scalar?
The more length, the more ________.
A push or pull that acts on an object.
Newton.
Vector.
Strength.
What is a force?
A push or pull that acts on an object.
What is the unit of force?
Newton.
7 terms
physical science unit forces and motion
Newton's 3rd law of Motion
terminal velocity
air resistance
weight
for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction
the largest velocity reached by a falling object
the force exerted by air on a moving object
A measure of the force of gravity on an object
Newton's 3rd law of Motion
for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction
terminal velocity
the largest velocity reached by a falling object
Physical Science Forces in Motion Chapter 1
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or pull that acts on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
10 terms
Forces & Motion- Physical Science
Acceleration
Inertia
Weight
Newton's 1st Law
-only when net force acts... -directly proportional to force
-moving @ constant velocity until other force shows up... -resis…
-force exerted downward bc gravity
-every object is @ a constant velocity until and unbalanced f…
Acceleration
-only when net force acts... -directly proportional to force
Inertia
-moving @ constant velocity until other force shows up... -resis…
16 terms
Physical Science - Force/Motion
force
motion/movement
friction
gravity/gravitational energy
a push or pull
change in position of an object
force that slows or stops an object when two objects rub toge…
force that acts on an object without touching it; pull downwa…
force
a push or pull
motion/movement
change in position of an object
motion and forces physical science
vector
balanced forces
mass
Newton's first law of motion
a quantity which requires direction and magnitude
object is not moving because forces acting on it are net forc…
the measure of inertia of an object or how the amount of matter
The scientific law that states that an object at rest will st…
vector
a quantity which requires direction and magnitude
balanced forces
object is not moving because forces acting on it are net forc…
21 terms
Physical science forces and motion
Interval
Contact forces
Kinetic friction
Equation for velocity
A space between objects, units, points, or states
Examples are pushes and pulls of an object
A force that opposes motion bewtwen two surfaces that are in…
Velocity=distance over time
Interval
A space between objects, units, points, or states
Contact forces
Examples are pushes and pulls of an object
30 terms
Physical Science Forces and Motion
Force
Newton
Net force
Friction
Is a push or a pull that acts on an object
Is the force that causes a 1-kilogram mass to accelerate at a…
Is the overall force acting on an object after all the forces…
A force that opposes the motion of objects that touch as they…
Force
Is a push or a pull that acts on an object
Newton
Is the force that causes a 1-kilogram mass to accelerate at a…
15 terms
Physical Science (Forces in Motion)
Acceleration
Force
Gravity
Newton
Measures the rate and change in velocity
A push or pull that causes an object to move, stop, or change…
The force that pulls objects toward Earth
A unit used to measure force
Acceleration
Measures the rate and change in velocity
Force
A push or pull that causes an object to move, stop, or change…
9 terms
Physics-forces and motion definitions
Displacement
Velocity
Vectors
Scalars
The distance travelled in a particular direction, it has dire…
Speed in a particular direction
Variables which have direction as well as size
Have size only
Displacement
The distance travelled in a particular direction, it has dire…
Velocity
Speed in a particular direction
Physical Science motion and forces
Vectors
Scalars
What is a frame of reference and what'…
Definition of acceleration
Velocity, displacement, vectors always include a direction
Speed, distance
Frame of reference is what we compare our speed to, most comm…
A change in velocity
Vectors
Velocity, displacement, vectors always include a direction
Scalars
Speed, distance
Physics definition- forces and motion
Speed
Average speed
Instantaneous speed
Displacement
Distance travelled per unit of time
Total distance travelled divided by time take
Speed at a particular movement
Distance moved together with a unit
Speed
Distance travelled per unit of time
Average speed
Total distance travelled divided by time take
31 terms
Force and Motion: Physical Science
Force
Balanced forces
Zero
Unbalanced forces
A Push or pull one body exers on another
Forces that are equal in size and opposite in direction
Combined forces that are balanced always equal ...
Forces that are NOT opposite and equal. One force is greater…
Force
A Push or pull one body exers on another
Balanced forces
Forces that are equal in size and opposite in direction
Physical Science ( Force & Motion )
motion
force
speed
velocity
the physical change in position of an object in proportion to…
the amount of work needed to move an object
the distance an object moves in a specified amount of time
the speed an object moves in one direction
motion
the physical change in position of an object in proportion to…
force
the amount of work needed to move an object
Physical Science Force and Motion
Force
a force can cause a resting object to
one newton equals
Newton's First Law
a push or pull that is directed upon an object
move or accelerate a moving object by changing its speed or d…
1 kilogram-meter per second squared... 1 kg*m/s^2
an object at rest stays at rest, but an object on motion stay…
Force
a push or pull that is directed upon an object
a force can cause a resting object to
move or accelerate a moving object by changing its speed or d…
Physical Science - Forces and Motion
Displacement
Know how to measure displacement.
prefix kilo
Average speed
the direction and length of a straight line from starting poi…
The distance traveled between the beginning and ending point
1000 meters
the speed of the whole trip
Displacement
the direction and length of a straight line from starting poi…
Know how to measure displacement.
The distance traveled between the beginning and ending point
Physical Science Chapter 12 Forces in Motion
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or pull that acts on an object. Examples: friction, ai…
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object. Examples: friction, ai…
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
11 terms
Physical Science:The Basics: Forces & Motion
force
speed
gravity
friction
A ______ is a push or a pull.
______ is the distance an object travels in a given amount of…
The force of _______pulls objects together; it exists between…
________ is the movement of one object against another, such…
force
A ______ is a push or a pull.
speed
______ is the distance an object travels in a given amount of…
Physical Science-Motion and Forces
mass and acceleration is an __________…
force and acceleration is a __________…
the change in velocity divided by the…
difference of speed of objects thrown…
inverse
direct
acceleration
mass
mass and acceleration is an __________…
inverse
force and acceleration is a __________…
direct
45 terms
Physical Science-Motion and Forces
mass and acceleration is an __________…
force and acceleration is a __________…
the change in velocity divided by the…
difference of speed of objects thrown…
inverse
direct
acceleration
mass
mass and acceleration is an __________…
inverse
force and acceleration is a __________…
direct
Physical Science Chapter 6: Forces in Motion
Velocity
Units of Velocity
Acceleration
Units of Acceleration
The speed of an object in a specific direction.
m/s up, cm/s north, mph east, km/h down
The rate at which velocity changes.
m/s^2
Velocity
The speed of an object in a specific direction.
Units of Velocity
m/s up, cm/s north, mph east, km/h down
22 terms
Unit 1 Motion and Forces Physical Science
motion
displacement
speed
velocity
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
...
...
...
motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
displacement
...
Physical Science-Motion and Forces
mass and acceleration is an __________…
force and acceleration is a __________…
the change in velocity divided by the…
difference of speed of objects thrown…
inverse
direct
acceleration
mass
mass and acceleration is an __________…
inverse
force and acceleration is a __________…
direct
16 terms
Physical Science-Motion and Force
motion
speed
mass
density
When an object changes position over time in terms of speed a…
Distance an object moves in a unit of time.
The amount of matter an object has which can be measured with…
A property of matter that compares the amount of matter to th…
motion
When an object changes position over time in terms of speed a…
speed
Distance an object moves in a unit of time.
Physics definition- forces and motion
Acceleration
Deceleration
Force
Net force
Any change in speed or direction of travel
Slowing down
A push or pull always caused by an interaction between two ob…
The total of all forces acing on an object
Acceleration
Any change in speed or direction of travel
Deceleration
Slowing down
Forces and motion physics definitions
Vector
Scalar
Displacement
Instantaneous speed
Both direction and magnitude eg-displacement
Magnitude but no direction eg-mass
The distance travelled in a particular direction measured in…
The speed of an object at a given moment in time
Vector
Both direction and magnitude eg-displacement
Scalar
Magnitude but no direction eg-mass
8 terms
Physics definitions forces and motion
Scalars
Vectors
Stopping distance
Thinking distance
Have a size (magnitude)only
Have a size and direction
Is the sum of the thinking distance and the breaking distance
The distance the car travels in the time it takes the driver…
Scalars
Have a size (magnitude)only
Vectors
Have a size and direction
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