#### Study sets matching "definition physical science forces motion"

#### Study sets matching "definition physical science forces motion"

Force

Newton

Net Force

Friction

A push or pull that acts on an object

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…

The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…

A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…

Force

A push or pull that acts on an object

Newton

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…

Force

Newton

Net Force

Friction

A push or pull that acts on an object

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…

The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…

A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…

Force

A push or pull that acts on an object

Newton

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…

Law of Conservation of Momentum

static friction

sliding friction

rolling friction

the momentum lost by object 1 is equal to the momentum gained…

force that prevents two surfaces from sliding; no motion

force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding past ea…

force between a rolling object and a surface

Law of Conservation of Momentum

the momentum lost by object 1 is equal to the momentum gained…

static friction

force that prevents two surfaces from sliding; no motion

Distance

Displacement

Average speed

Instantaneous speed

describes how far an object has moved

the distance and direction of an object's change in position…

the total distance the object travels divided by the total ti…

the speed of the object at a given point in time

Distance

describes how far an object has moved

Displacement

the distance and direction of an object's change in position…

Balanced Forces

Unbalanced Forces

Gravitational Force

Velocity

2 equal forces that act upon an object in opposite directions

2 or more forces pushing or pulling against each other result…

the force of attraction between all masses in the universe

rate of change of position of an object in a specified direct…

Balanced Forces

2 equal forces that act upon an object in opposite directions

Unbalanced Forces

2 or more forces pushing or pulling against each other result…

Force

Newton

Net Force

Friction

A push or pull that acts on an object

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…

The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…

A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…

Force

A push or pull that acts on an object

Newton

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…

Distance

Displacement

Average speed

Instantaneous speed

describes how far an object has moved

the distance and direction of an object's change in position…

the total distance the object travels divided by the total ti…

the speed of the object at a given point in time

Distance

describes how far an object has moved

Displacement

the distance and direction of an object's change in position…

Force

Newton

Net Force

Friction

A push or pull that acts on an object

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…

The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…

A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…

Force

A push or pull that acts on an object

Newton

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…

Distance

Displacement

Average speed

Instantaneous speed

describes how far an object has moved

the distance and direction of an object's change in position…

the total distance the object travels divided by the total ti…

the speed of the object at a given point in time

Distance

describes how far an object has moved

Displacement

the distance and direction of an object's change in position…

Force

Newton

Net Force

Friction

A push or pull that acts on an object

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…

The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…

A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…

Force

A push or pull that acts on an object

Newton

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…

force

gravity

inertia

friction

a push or pull on an object that can cause it to change motion.

a force that pulls any two objects toward one another, such a…

the tendency of a moving object to stay in motion and a resti…

a force that slows the motion of moving objects.

force

a push or pull on an object that can cause it to change motion.

gravity

a force that pulls any two objects toward one another, such a…

work

joules

scalars

vectors

force * distance... units= joules

unit for work, kg*m2/s2

quantities that are fully described by numerical value repres…

quantities that are fully described by both a numerical value…

work

force * distance... units= joules

joules

unit for work, kg*m2/s2

Motion

Newton's Laws of Motion

Force

Applied Force

is change in an object's position

Fundemental principles of motion... 1. objects in motion will st…

is an influence that causes an object to undergo a change in…

Force applied directly to an object by another object or pers…

Motion

is change in an object's position

Newton's Laws of Motion

Fundemental principles of motion... 1. objects in motion will st…

Aristotle

Speed

relative motion

newtons law

Classified Motion into two kinds: natural motion and unnatura…

a description of how fast, velocity is and in what direction

motion relative to something else.

influenced by Galileos findings

Aristotle

Classified Motion into two kinds: natural motion and unnatura…

Speed

a description of how fast, velocity is and in what direction

reference point

motion

reference point

motion

nonmoving point from which motion is measured

change in position in relation to a reference point

a ___________ is needed to determine the position of an object

___________ occurs when an object changes in position relativ…

reference point

nonmoving point from which motion is measured

motion

change in position in relation to a reference point

Absorb

Acceleration

Amplitude

Attraction

To take up and store energy without reflecting or transmittin…

The rate at which velocity is changing. The change may involv…

A measurement that indicates the movement or vibration of wav…

A push or a pull that one object exerts on another object wit…

Absorb

To take up and store energy without reflecting or transmittin…

Acceleration

The rate at which velocity is changing. The change may involv…

Motion

Reference Point/Frame

Scalar

Vector

An object's change in position relative to a reference point.

What a stationary object is called (Earth is a common referen…

A physical quantity that has magnitude only.

A quantity that has magnitude and direction

Motion

An object's change in position relative to a reference point.

Reference Point/Frame

What a stationary object is called (Earth is a common referen…

Distance

Displacement

Distance/ displacement UNITS

2 ways to change Velocity

How much ground an object has covered.

Straight line distance between objects start and end points,…

Meters

-change speed... -change direction

Distance

How much ground an object has covered.

Displacement

Straight line distance between objects start and end points,…

Distance

Displacement

Average speed

Instantaneous speed

describes how far an object has moved

the distance and direction of an object's change in position…

the total distance the object travels divided by the total ti…

the speed of the object at a given point in time

Distance

describes how far an object has moved

Displacement

the distance and direction of an object's change in position…

Joule formula

Newton formula

velocity formula & units

acceleration formula & units

Kg x m^2/s^2... ^2= squared

Kgx m^2/s^2... ^2= squared

v=d/t (units in meters/second)... velocity = distance divided b…

change in velocity/time (units= meters/second squared)

Joule formula

Kg x m^2/s^2... ^2= squared

Newton formula

Kgx m^2/s^2... ^2= squared

speed

velocity

momentum

acceleration

how fast an object moves; distance traveled divided by time i…

quantity describing both speed and direction

a quantity defined as the product of an object's mass and vel…

change in velocity divided by the time interval in which the…

speed

how fast an object moves; distance traveled divided by time i…

velocity

quantity describing both speed and direction

What is a Frame of Reference?

What is an example of a Frame of Refer…

What is the difference between Distanc…

What two components are required to de…

A System of objects that are non moving.

At an running race the frame of reference would be the start…

Distance is the length of the entire path and Displacement is…

magnitude and a direction.

What is a Frame of Reference?

A System of objects that are non moving.

What is an example of a Frame of Refer…

At an running race the frame of reference would be the start…

Newton's first law of motion states th…

A person in a head-on car collision, w…

Forces that are equal in size and oppo…

What type of force causes the motion o…

an unbalanced net force

inertia

balanced force

push or pull

Newton's first law of motion states th…

an unbalanced net force

A person in a head-on car collision, w…

inertia

Newton's 3rd law of Motion

terminal velocity

air resistance

weight

for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction

the largest velocity reached by a falling object

the force exerted by air on a moving object

A measure of the force of gravity on an object

Newton's 3rd law of Motion

for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction

terminal velocity

the largest velocity reached by a falling object

Force

Newton

Net Force

Friction

A push or pull that acts on an object

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…

The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…

A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…

Force

A push or pull that acts on an object

Newton

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…

Acceleration

Inertia

Weight

Newton's 1st Law

-only when net force acts... -directly proportional to force

-moving @ constant velocity until other force shows up... -resis…

-force exerted downward bc gravity

-every object is @ a constant velocity until and unbalanced f…

Acceleration

-only when net force acts... -directly proportional to force

Inertia

-moving @ constant velocity until other force shows up... -resis…

force

motion/movement

friction

gravity/gravitational energy

a push or pull

change in position of an object

force that slows or stops an object when two objects rub toge…

force that acts on an object without touching it; pull downwa…

force

a push or pull

motion/movement

change in position of an object

vector

balanced forces

mass

Newton's first law of motion

a quantity which requires direction and magnitude

object is not moving because forces acting on it are net forc…

the measure of inertia of an object or how the amount of matter

The scientific law that states that an object at rest will st…

vector

a quantity which requires direction and magnitude

balanced forces

object is not moving because forces acting on it are net forc…

Interval

Contact forces

Kinetic friction

Equation for velocity

A space between objects, units, points, or states

Examples are pushes and pulls of an object

A force that opposes motion bewtwen two surfaces that are in…

Velocity=distance over time

Interval

A space between objects, units, points, or states

Contact forces

Examples are pushes and pulls of an object

Force

Newton

Net force

Friction

Is a push or a pull that acts on an object

Is the force that causes a 1-kilogram mass to accelerate at a…

Is the overall force acting on an object after all the forces…

A force that opposes the motion of objects that touch as they…

Force

Is a push or a pull that acts on an object

Newton

Is the force that causes a 1-kilogram mass to accelerate at a…

Acceleration

Force

Gravity

Newton

Measures the rate and change in velocity

A push or pull that causes an object to move, stop, or change…

The force that pulls objects toward Earth

A unit used to measure force

Acceleration

Measures the rate and change in velocity

Force

A push or pull that causes an object to move, stop, or change…

Displacement

Velocity

Vectors

Scalars

The distance travelled in a particular direction, it has dire…

Speed in a particular direction

Variables which have direction as well as size

Have size only

Displacement

The distance travelled in a particular direction, it has dire…

Velocity

Speed in a particular direction

Vectors

Scalars

What is a frame of reference and what'…

Definition of acceleration

Velocity, displacement, vectors always include a direction

Speed, distance

Frame of reference is what we compare our speed to, most comm…

A change in velocity

Vectors

Velocity, displacement, vectors always include a direction

Scalars

Speed, distance

Speed

Average speed

Instantaneous speed

Displacement

Distance travelled per unit of time

Total distance travelled divided by time take

Speed at a particular movement

Distance moved together with a unit

Speed

Distance travelled per unit of time

Average speed

Total distance travelled divided by time take

Force

Balanced forces

Zero

Unbalanced forces

A Push or pull one body exers on another

Forces that are equal in size and opposite in direction

Combined forces that are balanced always equal ...

Forces that are NOT opposite and equal. One force is greater…

Force

A Push or pull one body exers on another

Balanced forces

Forces that are equal in size and opposite in direction

motion

force

speed

velocity

the physical change in position of an object in proportion to…

the amount of work needed to move an object

the distance an object moves in a specified amount of time

the speed an object moves in one direction

motion

the physical change in position of an object in proportion to…

force

the amount of work needed to move an object

Force

a force can cause a resting object to

one newton equals

Newton's First Law

a push or pull that is directed upon an object

move or accelerate a moving object by changing its speed or d…

1 kilogram-meter per second squared... 1 kg*m/s^2

an object at rest stays at rest, but an object on motion stay…

Force

a push or pull that is directed upon an object

a force can cause a resting object to

move or accelerate a moving object by changing its speed or d…

Displacement

Know how to measure displacement.

prefix kilo

Average speed

the direction and length of a straight line from starting poi…

The distance traveled between the beginning and ending point

1000 meters

the speed of the whole trip

Displacement

the direction and length of a straight line from starting poi…

Know how to measure displacement.

The distance traveled between the beginning and ending point

Force

Newton

Net Force

Friction

A push or pull that acts on an object. Examples: friction, ai…

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…

The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…

A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…

Force

A push or pull that acts on an object. Examples: friction, ai…

Newton

A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…

force

speed

gravity

friction

A ______ is a push or a pull.

______ is the distance an object travels in a given amount of…

The force of _______pulls objects together; it exists between…

________ is the movement of one object against another, such…

force

A ______ is a push or a pull.

speed

______ is the distance an object travels in a given amount of…

mass and acceleration is an __________…

force and acceleration is a __________…

the change in velocity divided by the…

difference of speed of objects thrown…

inverse

direct

acceleration

mass

mass and acceleration is an __________…

inverse

force and acceleration is a __________…

direct

mass and acceleration is an __________…

force and acceleration is a __________…

the change in velocity divided by the…

difference of speed of objects thrown…

inverse

direct

acceleration

mass

mass and acceleration is an __________…

inverse

force and acceleration is a __________…

direct

Velocity

Units of Velocity

Acceleration

Units of Acceleration

The speed of an object in a specific direction.

m/s up, cm/s north, mph east, km/h down

The rate at which velocity changes.

m/s^2

Velocity

The speed of an object in a specific direction.

Units of Velocity

m/s up, cm/s north, mph east, km/h down

mass and acceleration is an __________…

force and acceleration is a __________…

the change in velocity divided by the…

difference of speed of objects thrown…

inverse

direct

acceleration

mass

mass and acceleration is an __________…

inverse

force and acceleration is a __________…

direct

motion

speed

mass

density

When an object changes position over time in terms of speed a…

Distance an object moves in a unit of time.

The amount of matter an object has which can be measured with…

A property of matter that compares the amount of matter to th…

motion

When an object changes position over time in terms of speed a…

speed

Distance an object moves in a unit of time.

Acceleration

Deceleration

Force

Net force

Any change in speed or direction of travel

Slowing down

A push or pull always caused by an interaction between two ob…

The total of all forces acing on an object

Acceleration

Any change in speed or direction of travel

Deceleration

Slowing down

Vector

Scalar

Displacement

Instantaneous speed

Both direction and magnitude eg-displacement

Magnitude but no direction eg-mass

The distance travelled in a particular direction measured in…

The speed of an object at a given moment in time

Vector

Both direction and magnitude eg-displacement

Scalar

Magnitude but no direction eg-mass

Scalars

Vectors

Stopping distance

Thinking distance

Have a size (magnitude)only

Have a size and direction

Is the sum of the thinking distance and the breaking distance

The distance the car travels in the time it takes the driver…

Scalars

Have a size (magnitude)only

Vectors

Have a size and direction