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Study sets matching "definition physical science forces motion"

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Study sets matching "definition physical science forces motion"

21 terms
Physical Science Forces in Motion
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or pull that acts on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
18 terms
Physical Science Forces in Motion
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or pull that acts on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
11 terms
Physical Science Forces & Motion
Law of Conservation of Momentum
static friction
sliding friction
rolling friction
the momentum lost by object 1 is equal to the momentum gained…
force that prevents two surfaces from sliding; no motion
force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding past ea…
force between a rolling object and a surface
Law of Conservation of Momentum
the momentum lost by object 1 is equal to the momentum gained…
static friction
force that prevents two surfaces from sliding; no motion
25 terms
Physical Science Motion and Force
Distance
Displacement
Average speed
Instantaneous speed
describes how far an object has moved
the distance and direction of an object's change in position…
the total distance the object travels divided by the total ti…
the speed of the object at a given point in time
Distance
describes how far an object has moved
Displacement
the distance and direction of an object's change in position…
21 terms
Physical Science Motion and Force
Distance
Displacement
Average speed
Instantaneous speed
describes how far an object has moved
the distance and direction of an object's change in position…
the total distance the object travels divided by the total ti…
the speed of the object at a given point in time
Distance
describes how far an object has moved
Displacement
the distance and direction of an object's change in position…
18 terms
Physical Science Forces in Motion
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or pull that acts on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
22 terms
Physical Science Forces in Motion
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or pull that acts on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
22 terms
Forces and motion physical science
Motion
Reference Point/Frame
Scalar
Vector
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
What a stationary object is called (Earth is a common referen…
A physical quantity that has magnitude only.
A quantity that has magnitude and direction
Motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
Reference Point/Frame
What a stationary object is called (Earth is a common referen…
17 terms
Physical Science: Motions and Forces
speed
velocity
momentum
acceleration
how fast an object moves; distance traveled divided by time i…
quantity describing both speed and direction
a quantity defined as the product of an object's mass and vel…
change in velocity divided by the time interval in which the…
speed
how fast an object moves; distance traveled divided by time i…
velocity
quantity describing both speed and direction
22 terms
Physical Science Chapter 12 Forces in Motion
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or pull that acts on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
20 terms
Physical Science- (Motion/Forces)
Absorb
Acceleration
Amplitude
Attraction
To take up and store energy without reflecting or transmittin…
The rate at which velocity is changing. The change may involv…
A measurement that indicates the movement or vibration of wav…
A push or a pull that one object exerts on another object wit…
Absorb
To take up and store energy without reflecting or transmittin…
Acceleration
The rate at which velocity is changing. The change may involv…
14 terms
Chapter 2 Physical Science: Forces and Motion
force
gravity
inertia
friction
a push or pull on an object that can cause it to change motion.
a force that pulls any two objects toward one another, such a…
the tendency of a moving object to stay in motion and a resti…
a force that slows the motion of moving objects.
force
a push or pull on an object that can cause it to change motion.
gravity
a force that pulls any two objects toward one another, such a…
10 terms
Physical Science Force/Motion
Aristotle
Speed
relative motion
newtons law
Classified Motion into two kinds: natural motion and unnatura…
a description of how fast, velocity is and in what direction
motion relative to something else.
influenced by Galileos findings
Aristotle
Classified Motion into two kinds: natural motion and unnatura…
Speed
a description of how fast, velocity is and in what direction
25 terms
Physical Science Motion and Force
Distance
Displacement
Average speed
Instantaneous speed
describes how far an object has moved
the distance and direction of an object's change in position…
the total distance the object travels divided by the total ti…
the speed of the object at a given point in time
Distance
describes how far an object has moved
Displacement
the distance and direction of an object's change in position…
33 terms
Physical Science Chapter 12 Forces in Motion
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or pull that acts on an object. Examples: friction, ai…
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object. Examples: friction, ai…
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
30 terms
Physics definition- forces and motion
Speed
Average speed
Instantaneous speed
Displacement
Distance travelled per unit of time
Total distance travelled divided by time take
Speed at a particular movement
Distance moved together with a unit
Speed
Distance travelled per unit of time
Average speed
Total distance travelled divided by time take
32 terms
Physical Science Motion and Forces
Distance
Displacement
Distance/ displacement UNITS
2 ways to change Velocity
How much ground an object has covered.
Straight line distance between objects start and end points,…
Meters
-change speed... -change direction
Distance
How much ground an object has covered.
Displacement
Straight line distance between objects start and end points,…
11 terms
Physics-Forces & Motion Definitions
Distance
Velocity
Time
Initial Velocity
D-
V-
T-
U-
Distance
D-
Velocity
V-
12 terms
Physical Science - Forces & Motion
Motion
Newton's Laws of Motion
Force
Applied Force
is change in an object's position
Fundemental principles of motion... 1. objects in motion will st…
is an influence that causes an object to undergo a change in…
Force applied directly to an object by another object or pers…
Motion
is change in an object's position
Newton's Laws of Motion
Fundemental principles of motion... 1. objects in motion will st…
18 terms
Forces and motion physics definitions
Vector
Scalar
Displacement
Instantaneous speed
Both direction and magnitude eg-displacement
Magnitude but no direction eg-mass
The distance travelled in a particular direction measured in…
The speed of an object at a given moment in time
Vector
Both direction and magnitude eg-displacement
Scalar
Magnitude but no direction eg-mass
12 terms
Physical Science - Force/Motion
force
motion/movement
friction
gravity/gravitational energy
a push or pull
change in position of an object
force that slows or stops an object when two objects rub toge…
force that acts on an object without touching it; pull downwa…
force
a push or pull
motion/movement
change in position of an object
30 terms
Physical Science - Forces and Motion
What is a force?
What is the unit of force?
Is a force a vector or a scalar?
The more length, the more ________.
A push or pull that acts on an object.
Newton.
Vector.
Strength.
What is a force?
A push or pull that acts on an object.
What is the unit of force?
Newton.
23 terms
Physical Science 10 Forces & Motion
Joule formula
Newton formula
velocity formula & units
acceleration formula & units
Kg x m^2/s^2... ^2= squared
Kgx m^2/s^2... ^2= squared
v=d/t (units in meters/second)... velocity = distance divided b…
change in velocity/time (units= meters/second squared)
Joule formula
Kg x m^2/s^2... ^2= squared
Newton formula
Kgx m^2/s^2... ^2= squared
9 terms
Physics-forces and motion definitions
Displacement
Velocity
Vectors
Scalars
The distance travelled in a particular direction, it has dire…
Speed in a particular direction
Variables which have direction as well as size
Have size only
Displacement
The distance travelled in a particular direction, it has dire…
Velocity
Speed in a particular direction
8 terms
Physics definitions forces and motion
Scalars
Vectors
Stopping distance
Thinking distance
Have a size (magnitude)only
Have a size and direction
Is the sum of the thinking distance and the breaking distance
The distance the car travels in the time it takes the driver…
Scalars
Have a size (magnitude)only
Vectors
Have a size and direction
26 terms
Physical Science: Motion and Forces
What is a Frame of Reference?
What is an example of a Frame of Refer…
What is the difference between Distanc…
What two components are required to de…
A System of objects that are non moving.
At an running race the frame of reference would be the start…
Distance is the length of the entire path and Displacement is…
magnitude and a direction.
What is a Frame of Reference?
A System of objects that are non moving.
What is an example of a Frame of Refer…
At an running race the frame of reference would be the start…
20 terms
Physical Science, MOTION AND FORCES
Newton's first law of motion states th…
A person in a head-on car collision, w…
Forces that are equal in size and oppo…
What type of force causes the motion o…
an unbalanced net force
inertia
balanced force
push or pull
Newton's first law of motion states th…
an unbalanced net force
A person in a head-on car collision, w…
inertia
16 terms
Physical Science-Motion and Force
motion
speed
mass
density
When an object changes position over time in terms of speed a…
Distance an object moves in a unit of time.
The amount of matter an object has which can be measured with…
A property of matter that compares the amount of matter to th…
motion
When an object changes position over time in terms of speed a…
speed
Distance an object moves in a unit of time.
54 terms
Physical Science Force and Motion
Force
a force can cause a resting object to
one newton equals
Newton's First Law
a push or pull that is directed upon an object
move or accelerate a moving object by changing its speed or d…
1 kilogram-meter per second squared... 1 kg*m/s^2
an object at rest stays at rest, but an object on motion stay…
Force
a push or pull that is directed upon an object
a force can cause a resting object to
move or accelerate a moving object by changing its speed or d…
21 terms
Physical science forces and motion
Interval
Contact forces
Kinetic friction
Equation for velocity
A space between objects, units, points, or states
Examples are pushes and pulls of an object
A force that opposes motion bewtwen two surfaces that are in…
Velocity=distance over time
Interval
A space between objects, units, points, or states
Contact forces
Examples are pushes and pulls of an object
30 terms
Physical Science Forces and Motion
Force
Newton
Net force
Friction
Is a push or a pull that acts on an object
Is the force that causes a 1-kilogram mass to accelerate at a…
Is the overall force acting on an object after all the forces…
A force that opposes the motion of objects that touch as they…
Force
Is a push or a pull that acts on an object
Newton
Is the force that causes a 1-kilogram mass to accelerate at a…
10 terms
Forces & Motion- Physical Science
Acceleration
Inertia
Weight
Newton's 1st Law
-only when net force acts... -directly proportional to force
-moving @ constant velocity until other force shows up... -resis…
-force exerted downward bc gravity
-every object is @ a constant velocity until and unbalanced f…
Acceleration
-only when net force acts... -directly proportional to force
Inertia
-moving @ constant velocity until other force shows up... -resis…
31 terms
Force and Motion: Physical Science
Force
Balanced forces
Zero
Unbalanced forces
A Push or pull one body exers on another
Forces that are equal in size and opposite in direction
Combined forces that are balanced always equal ...
Forces that are NOT opposite and equal. One force is greater…
Force
A Push or pull one body exers on another
Balanced forces
Forces that are equal in size and opposite in direction
9 terms
Physical Science (Motion, Forces, and Energy)
reference point
speed
velocity
potential energy
a point used to determine if an object is in motion
the distance an object travels per unit of time
speed in a given direction
stored energy that results from the position or shape of an o…
reference point
a point used to determine if an object is in motion
speed
the distance an object travels per unit of time
17 terms
science - physics (forces and motion)
Describe the contribution of Galileo t…
What was the famous experiment that sh…
What was the previous theory of forces…
Identify the forces that acct on a veh…
In the early 1600, Galileo's idea was that any change to moti…
Galileo's cannonball experiment... - he rolled a cannonball down…
The Impetus theory:... - when you apply a force to an object, yo…
bus: ... - upward push of the road; on a horizontal road this fo…
Describe the contribution of Galileo t…
In the early 1600, Galileo's idea was that any change to moti…
What was the famous experiment that sh…
Galileo's cannonball experiment... - he rolled a cannonball down…
16 terms
Physical Science - Force and Motion Vocabulary
Gravity
Friction
Force
Magnetic
The force by which all objects in the universe are attracted…
The rubbing of objects against each other
A push or a pull
Having to do with magnets and the way they work
Gravity
The force by which all objects in the universe are attracted…
Friction
The rubbing of objects against each other
17 terms
motion and forces physical science
vector
balanced forces
mass
Newton's first law of motion
a quantity which requires direction and magnitude
object is not moving because forces acting on it are net forc…
the measure of inertia of an object or how the amount of matter
The scientific law that states that an object at rest will st…
vector
a quantity which requires direction and magnitude
balanced forces
object is not moving because forces acting on it are net forc…
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 12 Forces in Motion
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or pull that acts on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
13 terms
Physical Science motion and forces
Vectors
Scalars
What is a frame of reference and what'…
Definition of acceleration
Velocity, displacement, vectors always include a direction
Speed, distance
Frame of reference is what we compare our speed to, most comm…
A change in velocity
Vectors
Velocity, displacement, vectors always include a direction
Scalars
Speed, distance
15 terms
Physical Science (Forces in Motion)
Acceleration
Force
Gravity
Newton
Measures the rate and change in velocity
A push or pull that causes an object to move, stop, or change…
The force that pulls objects toward Earth
A unit used to measure force
Acceleration
Measures the rate and change in velocity
Force
A push or pull that causes an object to move, stop, or change…
12 terms
Physical Science ( Force & Motion )
motion
force
speed
velocity
the physical change in position of an object in proportion to…
the amount of work needed to move an object
the distance an object moves in a specified amount of time
the speed an object moves in one direction
motion
the physical change in position of an object in proportion to…
force
the amount of work needed to move an object
41 terms
Physical Science - Forces and Motion
Displacement
Know how to measure displacement.
prefix kilo
Average speed
the direction and length of a straight line from starting poi…
The distance traveled between the beginning and ending point
1000 meters
the speed of the whole trip
Displacement
the direction and length of a straight line from starting poi…
Know how to measure displacement.
The distance traveled between the beginning and ending point
8 terms
Physical Science Motion and Force
What do scientists identify as the fun…
What happens when there is a net force…
What force always opposes motion?
Why is friction sometimes necessary?
These forces are the force of gravity, the electromagnetic fo…
Whenever there is a net force acting on an object, the object…
The force of friction always opposes the motion
Friction is necessary for many everyday tasks to work correctly
What do scientists identify as the fun…
These forces are the force of gravity, the electromagnetic fo…
What happens when there is a net force…
Whenever there is a net force acting on an object, the object…
69 terms
Physical Science-Motion and Forces
mass and acceleration is an __________…
force and acceleration is a __________…
the change in velocity divided by the…
difference of speed of objects thrown…
inverse
direct
acceleration
mass
mass and acceleration is an __________…
inverse
force and acceleration is a __________…
direct
45 terms
Physical Science-Motion and Forces
mass and acceleration is an __________…
force and acceleration is a __________…
the change in velocity divided by the…
difference of speed of objects thrown…
inverse
direct
acceleration
mass
mass and acceleration is an __________…
inverse
force and acceleration is a __________…
direct
11 terms
Physical Science:The Basics: Forces & Motion
force
speed
gravity
friction
A ______ is a push or a pull.
______ is the distance an object travels in a given amount of…
The force of _______pulls objects together; it exists between…
________ is the movement of one object against another, such…
force
A ______ is a push or a pull.
speed
______ is the distance an object travels in a given amount of…
69 terms
Physical Science-Motion and Forces
mass and acceleration is an __________…
force and acceleration is a __________…
the change in velocity divided by the…
difference of speed of objects thrown…
inverse
direct
acceleration
mass
mass and acceleration is an __________…
inverse
force and acceleration is a __________…
direct
24 terms
Physical Science Force and Motion
projectile motion
inertia
law of conservation of momentum
difference between weight and mass
motion that goes horizontal in a downward motion (causing an…
tendency of an objects to resist a change in motion
if no net force acts on a system, then the total momentum of…
mass is constant and determined by the amount of matter that…
projectile motion
motion that goes horizontal in a downward motion (causing an…
inertia
tendency of an objects to resist a change in motion
45 terms
Physical Science-Motion and Forces
mass and acceleration is an __________…
force and acceleration is a __________…
the change in velocity divided by the…
difference of speed of objects thrown…
inverse
direct
acceleration
mass
mass and acceleration is an __________…
inverse
force and acceleration is a __________…
direct
8 terms
Physical Science- force and motion
Newtons 1st law- what causes an object…
field forces, weakest to strongest
inertia of an object affected by its v…
sliding friction
A force- fundamental forces
weakest: gravity... weak nuclear force... electro-magnetic force…
inertia is not affected by velocity, only by mass
less than static friction/ opposes the direction of motion of…
Newtons 1st law- what causes an object…
A force- fundamental forces
field forces, weakest to strongest
weakest: gravity... weak nuclear force... electro-magnetic force…
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