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Study sets matching "dental anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "dental anatomy physiology"

59 terms
Dental Assisting: Anatomy and Physiology
Torus Palatinus
Torus Mandibularis
Impaction
Anatomic Crown
A bony overgrowth at the midline of the hard palate
A bony overgrowth on the lingal surface of the mandible near…
Any tooth that remains unerupted in the jaws beyond the time…
Portion of the tooth that is covered with enamel
Torus Palatinus
A bony overgrowth at the midline of the hard palate
Torus Mandibularis
A bony overgrowth on the lingal surface of the mandible near…
25 terms
Dental Anatomy & Physiology Animal
Enamel is?
Cement / Cementum
Dentine is?
Pulp \ pulp cavity is?
Shiny bright white substance. Hardest substance in the body.…
Is outer layer only of tooth root, below gum line.
Dense bony like tissue under enamel above gum line and cement…
Heart of the tooth, has blood vessels , sensory nerves. Above…
Enamel is?
Shiny bright white substance. Hardest substance in the body.…
Cement / Cementum
Is outer layer only of tooth root, below gum line.
62 terms
Dental Anatomy & Physiology
Dental Anatomy
Physiology
How many cranial bones are there?
How many facial bones are there?
The study of the oral structures of the head and neck and the…
The biological study of the function of the various tissues t…
8
14
Dental Anatomy
The study of the oral structures of the head and neck and the…
Physiology
The biological study of the function of the various tissues t…
83 terms
Dental Anatomy and Oral Physiology
what is dental anatomy primarily conce…
what does the branch of dentistry, den…
what is morphology
what is gross structure
the external form and appearance of a tooth
deals with gross structure, mainly morphology of the tooth an…
study of the forms of things
structure visible to the naked eye
what is dental anatomy primarily conce…
the external form and appearance of a tooth
what does the branch of dentistry, den…
deals with gross structure, mainly morphology of the tooth an…
37 terms
Dental Science - Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal cavity
Abdominopelvic cavity
Anatomical position
Anatomy
contains the stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, and most in…
part of the ventral cavity that contains the abdominal and pe…
The body standing erect with face foward, feet together, arms…
study of the shape and structure of the human body.
Abdominal cavity
contains the stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, and most in…
Abdominopelvic cavity
part of the ventral cavity that contains the abdominal and pe…
32 terms
Dental Physiology - Anatomy
Unpaired branches abdominal aorta (3)
Branches coeliac trunk (3)
Paired branches abdominal aorta (2)
Terminal branches abdominal aorta
coeliac trunk, superior mesenteric artery, inferior mesenteri…
hepatic, splenic, left gastric
Renal arteries, testicular/ovarian arteries
common iliac arteries
Unpaired branches abdominal aorta (3)
coeliac trunk, superior mesenteric artery, inferior mesenteri…
Branches coeliac trunk (3)
hepatic, splenic, left gastric
80 terms
Dental General Anatomy & Physiology
Sagittal plane/mid sagittal
Transverse plane/horizontal plane
Frontal plane
Dorsal cavity
Divides the body into left and right halves
Divided body into upper and lower section
Divides body into front and back
Posterior portion of the body contains spinal canal & cranial…
Sagittal plane/mid sagittal
Divides the body into left and right halves
Transverse plane/horizontal plane
Divided body into upper and lower section
17 terms
Dental anatomy/physiology
Name 4 structures of note that are in…
Which foraman is close to the lower ca…
Which tooth is in particularly close p…
Which tooth is in close proximity to t…
Inferior alveolar canal, nasal cavity, infra-orbital neurovas…
Middle mental foramen
upper canine
Upper second molar
Name 4 structures of note that are in…
Inferior alveolar canal, nasal cavity, infra-orbital neurovas…
Which foraman is close to the lower ca…
Middle mental foramen
131 terms
Dental Anatomy, Physiology, and Histology
WHich cranial nerve innervates (suppli…
What cranial bone contains an organ of…
What cranial bone protects the eyes fr…
Where is the vestibule located?
The seventh cranial nerve
Temporal
Frontal
The space bounded above and below by the folding of the mucou…
WHich cranial nerve innervates (suppli…
The seventh cranial nerve
What cranial bone contains an organ of…
Temporal
19 terms
Dental Anatomy & Physiology Test 1
Fossa
Meatus
Foramen
Homeostasis
Shallow cavity in the bone
Passage way
Holes / Opening
Remaining Constant
Fossa
Shallow cavity in the bone
Meatus
Passage way
120 terms
Dental Anatomy
Upper Arch Is Named?
Lower Arch is Named?
Considering the two sets of human Dent…
How many teeth in the permanent dentit…
Maxillary
Mandibular
Primary Dentition
32 (16 on each arch, 8 on each Quadrant).
Upper Arch Is Named?
Maxillary
Lower Arch is Named?
Mandibular
54 terms
Oral Anatomy and Physiology - Dental lab course 1
Clinical crown
Anatomical crown
Root
Cemento-Enamel Junction ... (CEJ)
visible in the mouth (portion of tooth above the gum line)
portion of the tooth covered by enamel
covered by cementum... below the gum line... seated in the alveolar…
where anatomic crown & root meet... also known as cervical line
Clinical crown
visible in the mouth (portion of tooth above the gum line)
Anatomical crown
portion of the tooth covered by enamel
29 terms
Essentials of Dental Assisting - Ch. 3 anatomy and physiology
Systems of the body
Muscle
Connective tissue
Muscle system
Eleven major systems in the body
Produces movement to the body parts
Binds structures together
Striated, smooth and cardiac muscle
Systems of the body
Eleven major systems in the body
Muscle
Produces movement to the body parts
29 terms
Essentials of Dental Assisting - Ch. 3 anatomy and physiology
Systems of the body
Muscle
Connective tissue
Muscle system
Eleven major systems in the body
Produces movement to the body parts
Binds structures together
Striated, smooth and cardiac muscle
Systems of the body
Eleven major systems in the body
Muscle
Produces movement to the body parts
193 terms
Dental terminology - Anatomy & Physiology of Head and Oral Structures
Cranium
temporal
parietal
frontal
the portion of the skull that encloses the brain
two fan-shaped bones on each side of skull. Above the ear.
two bones on each side that make up the roof and side walls c…
a single bone in the frontal or anterior region that makes up…
Cranium
the portion of the skull that encloses the brain
temporal
two fan-shaped bones on each side of skull. Above the ear.
129 terms
dental anatomy:
midline, median line or mid sagittal p…
maxillary right (UR)... maxillary left (U…
heterodont
homodont
divides the face and each arch into right and left sides
name the 4 quadrants
composed of several different types of teeth which perform di…
lower animals teeth. composed of only one type of teeth ... ex-…
midline, median line or mid sagittal p…
divides the face and each arch into right and left sides
maxillary right (UR)... maxillary left (U…
name the 4 quadrants
14 terms
Modern Dental Assisting-General Anatomy & General Physiology
Periosteum
Integumentary
Pharynx
Epiglottis
Structure that surrounds bone, contains osteoblasts
Body system made up of skin, hair, nails, glands
Throat
Keep food out of lungs
Periosteum
Structure that surrounds bone, contains osteoblasts
Integumentary
Body system made up of skin, hair, nails, glands
72 terms
Dental Anatomy Exam 1 (Physiologic Tooth Form)
Humans have an _______________ shaped…
The molars have a _______________ arch…
True or False... The maxillary arch form…
The maxillary arch is _______________…
elliptical; anterior
straighter; mandibular
True
Larger and wider.
Humans have an _______________ shaped…
elliptical; anterior
The molars have a _______________ arch…
straighter; mandibular
80 terms
Dental Anatomy and Physiology- Exam 1 (Chapter 15)
Dentition
What are the types of dentition a pers…
What is the % of surface area of the o…
Primary Dentition
Used to describe the natural teeth in the jaws
Primary and Permanent
20% (maxillary more than mandibular)
8 incisors, 4 canines, and 8 molars (20 Teeth)
Dentition
Used to describe the natural teeth in the jaws
What are the types of dentition a pers…
Primary and Permanent
8 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy and Physiology for Dental Assisting
Anatomy
Midagittal Plane
Organs
Muscles
The structure of the human body.
Also referred to as the midline, this divides teh body into e…
Work together to keep each body system functioning.
The tissue that produces movement of body parts.
Anatomy
The structure of the human body.
Midagittal Plane
Also referred to as the midline, this divides teh body into e…
50 terms
Module 3 - Dental Cariology, Anatomy, Histology, & Physiology
Suggests that caries is a result of a…
How many species of bacteria live in o…
Multifactorial, transmissible, infecti…
What four things increase the risk of…
ecological plaque hypothesis
75-100
dental caries
host, time, fermentable carbs, and cariogenic biofilm
Suggests that caries is a result of a…
ecological plaque hypothesis
How many species of bacteria live in o…
75-100
25 terms
EAP Anatomy & Physiology (Dental)/ Career Information
What dental anatomy has a rounded or a…
what is the name of the dental anatomy…
Dental development usually begins in w…
How many total tooth buds are present…
Fossa
mamelons
2 or 3
10
What dental anatomy has a rounded or a…
Fossa
what is the name of the dental anatomy…
mamelons
11 terms
Dental Anatomy
Primary (Deciduous) Dentition
Secondary/Permanent (Succedaneous) Den…
Anatomic Crown
Anatomic Root
The first set of teeth consisting of 20 teeth (central inciso…
The natural teeth present throughout life consisting of 32 te…
The part of the tooth covered by enamel
The part of the tooth covered by cementum
Primary (Deciduous) Dentition
The first set of teeth consisting of 20 teeth (central inciso…
Secondary/Permanent (Succedaneous) Den…
The natural teeth present throughout life consisting of 32 te…
40 terms
Dental Anatomy & Physiology Unit 6-10 Test Study
What is the vestibule ?
What is the oral cavity proper?
What is the Oral Cavity divided into?
What is the Vermillion border?
is the space between the lips and cheeks and the teeth.
the area surrounded by the teeth or (alveolar ridges) and ext…
Oral cavity proper and the Vestibule
The outer edge of the lips.
What is the vestibule ?
is the space between the lips and cheeks and the teeth.
What is the oral cavity proper?
the area surrounded by the teeth or (alveolar ridges) and ext…
27 terms
Dental Anatomy
Incisors
canines
premolar
molar
bite and cut food
pierce or tear food
assist molars in griding
grind food due to large occlusal tables
Incisors
bite and cut food
canines
pierce or tear food
27 terms
Anatomy- Dental
Brachydont teeth have a shorter crown…
1. Crown: space from above the gumline…
Gnathic= jaw... Aniso=different... Differen…
Certain teeth are shaped differently d…
What is the difference between brachydont and hypsodont teeth?
Identify the structures labeled 1-9 and briefly describe them
Define anisognathic
Define heterodonty. Dscribe the function of the teeth in the…
Brachydont teeth have a shorter crown…
What is the difference between brachydont and hypsodont teeth?
1. Crown: space from above the gumline…
Identify the structures labeled 1-9 and briefly describe them
106 terms
dental anatomy
midline
occlusion
quadrants
dentition
the imaginary line that divides the body into right and left…
the manner in which maxillary and mandibular teeth contact
one fourth of the dentition, dividing the mouth into right an…
set or teeth
midline
the imaginary line that divides the body into right and left…
occlusion
the manner in which maxillary and mandibular teeth contact
83 terms
Dental Anatomy
Cementum
Cementum and enamel at the CEJ
Acellular cementum
Cellular cementum
Most similar to bone... 65% inorganic... 35% organic... Thickest at th…
60% overlap- cementum overlaps the enamel ... 30% meet- cementum…
Covers the entire anatomical root... Attaches tooth to the bone…
Appears at the apex of the root and can continually reproduce…
Cementum
Most similar to bone... 65% inorganic... 35% organic... Thickest at th…
Cementum and enamel at the CEJ
60% overlap- cementum overlaps the enamel ... 30% meet- cementum…
13 terms
Dental Anatomy
Primary teeth
Permanent teeth
Cuspids
Bicuspids
deciduous teeth
succedaneous teeth
canines
premolars
Primary teeth
deciduous teeth
Permanent teeth
succedaneous teeth
24 terms
Dental Anatomy
Median Plane
Midsagittal
Median Plane
Saggital plane
Midsagittal aka
Median Plane aka
A longitudinal plane that divides the body into right and lef…
Any plane parallel to the median diving the body into right a…
Median Plane
Midsagittal aka
Midsagittal
Median Plane aka
13 terms
Dental anatomy
Crown
Root
Dentin
Apex
Exposed part of tooth
Part of tooth below gum line
Odotoblast (porous layer between E/p or c)
Deepest part of root
Crown
Exposed part of tooth
Root
Part of tooth below gum line
35 terms
Dental anatomy
A crown and one or more roots
Dentine
Enamel
Cementum
A mammalian tooth consists of?
What is the tooth primarily made up of?
The crown is usually covered in a layer of?
The root is usually coated with?
A crown and one or more roots
A mammalian tooth consists of?
Dentine
What is the tooth primarily made up of?
27 terms
Dental Anatomy
Cementum
Dentin... -Reparative dentin forms in res…
Enamel
Pulp
Most similar to bone; thickest at the apex; irregularities se…
Forms the largest portion of both root and crown; continues t…
Formed by the ameloblasts; thickest near crown tips and thinn…
Nourishes the tooth through blood vessels; produces odontobla…
Cementum
Most similar to bone; thickest at the apex; irregularities se…
Dentin... -Reparative dentin forms in res…
Forms the largest portion of both root and crown; continues t…
Dental Anatomy
Alveolus
Alveolar bone (or process)
Line angle
Point angle
The cavity (i.e. socket) in the alveolar process of the maxil…
The bony processes of the maxilla or the mandible that contai…
The angle formed by the junction of two (tooth) surfaces alon…
The angle formed by the junction of three (tooth) surfaces at…
Alveolus
The cavity (i.e. socket) in the alveolar process of the maxil…
Alveolar bone (or process)
The bony processes of the maxilla or the mandible that contai…
37 terms
Dental Anatomy Terminology
Maxillary
Mandibular
Mesial
Distal
of or pertaining to the upper arch of the mouth
of or pertaining to the lower arch of the mouth
(External tooth surface) - towards the center line of the den…
(External tooth surface) - away from the center line of the d…
Maxillary
of or pertaining to the upper arch of the mouth
Mandibular
of or pertaining to the lower arch of the mouth
116 terms
Dental anatomy
Difference between clinical and anatom…
What teeth compose the anterior class?
What muscle are the anterior teeth in…
What are the functions of the incisors?
From CEJ to end of tooth is anatomical. It is covered by enam…
- Incisors (4 per side) ... -Canines (2 per side)
The orbicularis oris
1) To cut food... 2) Effects articulation... 3) Lip support... 4) Guid…
Difference between clinical and anatom…
From CEJ to end of tooth is anatomical. It is covered by enam…
What teeth compose the anterior class?
- Incisors (4 per side) ... -Canines (2 per side)
95 terms
Dental Anatomy/Dental Morphology
The boys standing erect with the feet…
The vertical plane that divides the bo…
The stages of prenatal development are…
When are the first signs of tooth deve…
Anatomic Position
Midsagittal Plane
preimplantation, embryonic, and fetal periods
When the embryo is five to six weeks old.
The boys standing erect with the feet…
Anatomic Position
The vertical plane that divides the bo…
Midsagittal Plane
37 terms
Dental TERMINOLOGY, ANATOMY, AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE MOUTH 11 (A & B)
ABRASION
ABSCESS
ABUTMENT
ADA
Wearing away of the surfaces of the teeth as a result of thei…
A collection of pus in a cavity formed within the tissue of t…
A tooth used to support or stabilize one end of a prosthetic…
American Dental Association
ABRASION
Wearing away of the surfaces of the teeth as a result of thei…
ABSCESS
A collection of pus in a cavity formed within the tissue of t…
62 terms
dental anatomy
Which of the following describes the u…
Canines are the _______ of the mouth
Another term for the triangular ridge…
Which of the following features distin…
Cross or plus sign
Cornerstone
The lingual cusp ridge of the mesial buccal cusp
Number of cusps
Which of the following describes the u…
Cross or plus sign
Canines are the _______ of the mouth
Cornerstone
39 terms
Dental Anatomy
Alveolar Process
Alveolus
Anatomic root
Anterior
The bone that surrounds and supports the teeth
the bony socket in which the tooth is held
Tooth root
Toward the front
Alveolar Process
The bone that surrounds and supports the teeth
Alveolus
the bony socket in which the tooth is held
127 terms
Dental Anatomy
Primary Dentition Period
Mixed Dentition Period
Permanent dentition Period
Deciduous Normal Eruption Sequence
That period during which only deciduous teeth are present and…
Period during which both deciduous and permanent teeth are pr…
That period when only permanent teeth are present and which b…
1. Mandibular Central incisor ... 2. Mandibular lateral incisor…
Primary Dentition Period
That period during which only deciduous teeth are present and…
Mixed Dentition Period
Period during which both deciduous and permanent teeth are pr…
Dental anatomy
Ectoderm (outer layer)
Mesoderm... (Middle layer)
Endoderm... (Inner layer)
1st Branchial arch
Skin, brain, spinal cord, hair, nails
Bones, muscles,kidney, pulp
Lining of digestive system, linking of lungs
Mandibular arch forms the bones and muscles and also nerves o…
Ectoderm (outer layer)
Skin, brain, spinal cord, hair, nails
Mesoderm... (Middle layer)
Bones, muscles,kidney, pulp
219 terms
Dental Anatomy exam 1
Dental Anomalies are most often seen
dental anomalies outcome
Enamel Hypoplasia
Hypocalcification
third molars, maxillary lateral incisors and mandibular secon…
can cause restorative and space problems
Term encompasses all defects of enamel thickness... Lack of comp…
Disturbance in calcification of enamel during tooth formation
Dental Anomalies are most often seen
third molars, maxillary lateral incisors and mandibular secon…
dental anomalies outcome
can cause restorative and space problems
47 terms
dental physiology
a --- is one of the primary sections o…
--- ad --- are representative of lobes
--- is an elevation smaller than a cus…
t/f: each lobe represents a primary ce…
lobe
cusps and mamelons
tubercle
true
a --- is one of the primary sections o…
lobe
--- ad --- are representative of lobes
cusps and mamelons
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
anatomy
physiology
form determines
metabolism
Study of structure
Study of function
function and vice versa
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
anatomy
Study of structure
physiology
Study of function
50 terms
Mosby's Comprehensive Review of Dental Hygiene Chapter 3 - Anatomy and Physiology
In what phase is a cell highly active…
Which one of the following statements…
Which of the following is not a type o…
Where is smooth muscle tissue found in…
Interphase
Found in body cavities that open to the body's exterior
Cuboidal tissue
In the walls of hollow organs
In what phase is a cell highly active…
Interphase
Which one of the following statements…
Found in body cavities that open to the body's exterior
50 terms
Mosby's Comprehensive Review of Dental Hygiene Chapter 3 - Anatomy and Physiology
In what phase is a cell highly active…
Which one of the following statements…
Which of the following is not a type o…
Where is smooth muscle tissue found in…
Interphase
Found in body cavities that open to the body's exterior
Cuboidal tissue
In the walls of hollow organs
In what phase is a cell highly active…
Interphase
Which one of the following statements…
Found in body cavities that open to the body's exterior
89 terms
Dental Anatomy
Heredity
family tendency
congenital
macrodontia
due to genetic makeup
might be inherited but not for certai
condition that occurs at or before birth
teeth too large
Heredity
due to genetic makeup
family tendency
might be inherited but not for certai
130 terms
Dental Anatomy
Incisal Edge
Canine
Molars
Premolars
biting edge of the tooth
hold and grasp food ; appear more yellow in colour due to thi…
4 or more cusps ... * perm max molars, 16 and 26, have two faci…
2 cusps ; three lobes on facial and one lobe on lingual ... * m…
Incisal Edge
biting edge of the tooth
Canine
hold and grasp food ; appear more yellow in colour due to thi…
8 terms
Dental Anatomy
Wisdom teeth or third molar
Posterior
Anterior
Medial
1,16,17,32
1-5, 12- 21, 28 to 32
6,11,22,27
Refers to the middle of the body, i.e. The exact middle of th…
Wisdom teeth or third molar
1,16,17,32
Posterior
1-5, 12- 21, 28 to 32
1 of 10