Study sets matching "dental anatomy"

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Study sets matching "dental anatomy"

120 terms
Dental Anatomy
Upper Arch Is Named?
Lower Arch is Named?
Considering the two sets of human Dent…
How many teeth in the permanent dentit…
Maxillary
Mandibular
Primary Dentition
32 (16 on each arch, 8 on each Quadrant).
Upper Arch Is Named?
Maxillary
Lower Arch is Named?
Mandibular
129 terms
dental anatomy:
midline, median line or mid sagittal p…
maxillary right (UR)... maxillary left (U…
heterodont
homodont
divides the face and each arch into right and left sides
name the 4 quadrants
composed of several different types of teeth which perform di…
lower animals teeth. composed of only one type of teeth ... ex-…
midline, median line or mid sagittal p…
divides the face and each arch into right and left sides
maxillary right (UR)... maxillary left (U…
name the 4 quadrants
Dental Anatomy
Primary (Deciduous) Dentition
Secondary/Permanent (Succedaneous) Den…
Anatomic Crown
Anatomic Root
The first set of teeth consisting of 20 teeth (central inciso…
The natural teeth present throughout life consisting of 32 te…
The part of the tooth covered by enamel
The part of the tooth covered by cementum
Primary (Deciduous) Dentition
The first set of teeth consisting of 20 teeth (central inciso…
Secondary/Permanent (Succedaneous) Den…
The natural teeth present throughout life consisting of 32 te…
Dental Anatomy
Alveolus
Alveolar bone (or process)
Line angle
Point angle
The cavity (i.e. socket) in the alveolar process of the maxil…
The bony processes of the maxilla or the mandible that contai…
The angle formed by the junction of two (tooth) surfaces alon…
The angle formed by the junction of three (tooth) surfaces at…
Alveolus
The cavity (i.e. socket) in the alveolar process of the maxil…
Alveolar bone (or process)
The bony processes of the maxilla or the mandible that contai…
dental anatomy
midline
occlusion
quadrants
dentition
the imaginary line that divides the body into right and left…
the manner in which maxillary and mandibular teeth contact
one fourth of the dentition, dividing the mouth into right an…
set or teeth
midline
the imaginary line that divides the body into right and left…
occlusion
the manner in which maxillary and mandibular teeth contact
Dental Anatomy
Incisors
canines
premolar
molar
bite and cut food
pierce or tear food
assist molars in griding
grind food due to large occlusal tables
Incisors
bite and cut food
canines
pierce or tear food
Dental Anatomy/Dental Morphology
The boys standing erect with the feet…
The vertical plane that divides the bo…
The stages of prenatal development are…
When are the first signs of tooth deve…
Anatomic Position
Midsagittal Plane
preimplantation, embryonic, and fetal periods
When the embryo is five to six weeks old.
The boys standing erect with the feet…
Anatomic Position
The vertical plane that divides the bo…
Midsagittal Plane
Dental Anatomy
Cementum
Cementum and enamel at the CEJ
Acellular cementum
Cellular cementum
Most similar to bone... 65% inorganic... 35% organic... Thickest at th…
60% overlap- cementum overlaps the enamel ... 30% meet- cementum…
Covers the entire anatomical root... Attaches tooth to the bone…
Appears at the apex of the root and can continually reproduce…
Cementum
Most similar to bone... 65% inorganic... 35% organic... Thickest at th…
Cementum and enamel at the CEJ
60% overlap- cementum overlaps the enamel ... 30% meet- cementum…
127 terms
Dental Anatomy
Primary Dentition Period
Mixed Dentition Period
Permanent dentition Period
Deciduous Normal Eruption Sequence
That period during which only deciduous teeth are present and…
Period during which both deciduous and permanent teeth are pr…
That period when only permanent teeth are present and which b…
1. Mandibular Central incisor ... 2. Mandibular lateral incisor…
Primary Dentition Period
That period during which only deciduous teeth are present and…
Mixed Dentition Period
Period during which both deciduous and permanent teeth are pr…
39 terms
Dental Anatomy
Alveolar Process
Alveolus
Anatomic root
Anterior
The bone that surrounds and supports the teeth
the bony socket in which the tooth is held
Tooth root
Toward the front
Alveolar Process
The bone that surrounds and supports the teeth
Alveolus
the bony socket in which the tooth is held
13 terms
Dental Anatomy
Primary teeth
Permanent teeth
Cuspids
Bicuspids
deciduous teeth
succedaneous teeth
canines
premolars
Primary teeth
deciduous teeth
Permanent teeth
succedaneous teeth
Dental anatomy
Crown
Root
Dentin
Apex
Exposed part of tooth
Part of tooth below gum line
Odotoblast (porous layer between E/p or c)
Deepest part of root
Crown
Exposed part of tooth
Root
Part of tooth below gum line
Dental Anatomy
Heredity
family tendency
congenital
macrodontia
due to genetic makeup
might be inherited but not for certai
condition that occurs at or before birth
teeth too large
Heredity
due to genetic makeup
family tendency
might be inherited but not for certai
24 terms
Dental Anatomy
Median Plane
Midsagittal
Median Plane
Saggital plane
Midsagittal aka
Median Plane aka
A longitudinal plane that divides the body into right and lef…
Any plane parallel to the median diving the body into right a…
Median Plane
Midsagittal aka
Midsagittal
Median Plane aka
15 terms
Dental Anatomy
Incisors
canines
premolar
molar
bite and cut food
pierce or tear food
assist molars in griding
grind food due to large occlusal tables
Incisors
bite and cut food
canines
pierce or tear food
219 terms
Dental Anatomy exam 1
Dental Anomalies are most often seen
dental anomalies outcome
Enamel Hypoplasia
Hypocalcification
third molars, maxillary lateral incisors and mandibular secon…
can cause restorative and space problems
Term encompasses all defects of enamel thickness... Lack of comp…
Disturbance in calcification of enamel during tooth formation
Dental Anomalies are most often seen
third molars, maxillary lateral incisors and mandibular secon…
dental anomalies outcome
can cause restorative and space problems
27 terms
Anatomy- Dental
Brachydont teeth have a shorter crown…
1. Crown: space from above the gumline…
Gnathic= jaw... Aniso=different... Differen…
Certain teeth are shaped differently d…
What is the difference between brachydont and hypsodont teeth?
Identify the structures labeled 1-9 and briefly describe them
Define anisognathic
Define heterodonty. Dscribe the function of the teeth in the…
Brachydont teeth have a shorter crown…
What is the difference between brachydont and hypsodont teeth?
1. Crown: space from above the gumline…
Identify the structures labeled 1-9 and briefly describe them
116 terms
Dental anatomy
Difference between clinical and anatom…
What teeth compose the anterior class?
What muscle are the anterior teeth in…
What are the functions of the incisors?
From CEJ to end of tooth is anatomical. It is covered by enam…
- Incisors (4 per side) ... -Canines (2 per side)
The orbicularis oris
1) To cut food... 2) Effects articulation... 3) Lip support... 4) Guid…
Difference between clinical and anatom…
From CEJ to end of tooth is anatomical. It is covered by enam…
What teeth compose the anterior class?
- Incisors (4 per side) ... -Canines (2 per side)
Dental Anatomy
Cementum
Dentin... -Reparative dentin forms in res…
Enamel
Pulp
Most similar to bone; thickest at the apex; irregularities se…
Forms the largest portion of both root and crown; continues t…
Formed by the ameloblasts; thickest near crown tips and thinn…
Nourishes the tooth through blood vessels; produces odontobla…
Cementum
Most similar to bone; thickest at the apex; irregularities se…
Dentin... -Reparative dentin forms in res…
Forms the largest portion of both root and crown; continues t…
Dental Anatomy: Dental Anomalies
Concrescence
Fusion
Gemination
Dilaceration
-Fusing of two independently formed teeth occurring after roo…
-The union of two separate tooth germs... -Always shares dentin…
-A single tooth dividing or twinning ... -Has two complete or in…
Twisting or bending of root
Concrescence
-Fusing of two independently formed teeth occurring after roo…
Fusion
-The union of two separate tooth germs... -Always shares dentin…
69 terms
Dental Anatomy (Dental Anomalies)
Patients exhibit variations that chara…
When a baby is born with teeth, they a…
Neonatal teeth emerge during the _____…
Aplasia can be either ________________…
familial
not well developed... natal teeth
first
developmental or congenital
Patients exhibit variations that chara…
familial
When a baby is born with teeth, they a…
not well developed... natal teeth
Dental Anatomy: Dental Arches
Maxillary arch
Mandibular arch
Occlusion
Malocclusion
Upper arch, doesn't move
Lower arch, only movable bone of the skull
Contact of maxillary and mandibular teeth in all positions
Teeth not positioned properly in the arch
Maxillary arch
Upper arch, doesn't move
Mandibular arch
Lower arch, only movable bone of the skull
Dental Anatomy
Buccal mucosa
Labial mucosa
Alveolar
Alveolar mucosa
Inside of cheek
Inside of lip
Bones that holds the teeth
Mucosa that covers the alveolar bone
Buccal mucosa
Inside of cheek
Labial mucosa
Inside of lip
40 terms
Dental Anatomy
Dorsum tongue
Hard palate
Pharynx
Palatine raphe
Top side of tongue
Firm, covered by gingiva, has rugae
Behind soft palate
Elevated midline of hard palate
Dorsum tongue
Top side of tongue
Hard palate
Firm, covered by gingiva, has rugae
18 terms
Dental anatomy
Maxilla
Mandible
Muscle and ligaments
Range of motion of the mandible
Upper jaw and contains upper teeth
Lower jaw and contains the lower teeth.
Enables the jaw to open and close
Is defined by the temporomandibular joint which is a hinge an…
Maxilla
Upper jaw and contains upper teeth
Mandible
Lower jaw and contains the lower teeth.
9 terms
DENTAL ANATOMY
Maxillary first molar
Mandibular centrals and mesial of late…
1. Gingival 1/3... 2. Mandibular posterio…
1. Middle 1/3 ... 2. Mandibular 1st premo…
Where the facial embrasure is bigger than the lingual embrasure
Where the facial embrasure is the same as the lingual embrasure
Where are the Facial/buccal HOC for the posterior teeth? What…
What are the lingual HOC for the posterior teeth? What are th…
Maxillary first molar
Where the facial embrasure is bigger than the lingual embrasure
Mandibular centrals and mesial of late…
Where the facial embrasure is the same as the lingual embrasure
Dental Anatomy
Clinical crown
Anatomical crown
Clinical root
Anatomical root
Part of crown seen superior to GM
Entire crown of tooth completely covered by enamel whether er…
Unerupted part of root embedded below gingival crest
Entire root below CEJ
Clinical crown
Part of crown seen superior to GM
Anatomical crown
Entire crown of tooth completely covered by enamel whether er…
15 terms
Dental Anatomy
Cusps
Tubercles
Cusp of Carabelli
Cinglum
elevated & pointed projections of various sizes & shapes on c…
Rounded/pointed projections on crowns of teeth, smaller than…
tubercule on the mesial part of the lingual surface of maxill…
large rounded eminence on the lingual surface of all perm. &…
Cusps
elevated & pointed projections of various sizes & shapes on c…
Tubercles
Rounded/pointed projections on crowns of teeth, smaller than…
22 terms
Dental Anatomy
Supporting cusps
Class 1
Class 2
Class 3
cusps that contact opposing teeth along the central fossa occ…
mandible is similar in size to maxilla
mandible is smaller than maxilla
mandible is greater than maxilla
Supporting cusps
cusps that contact opposing teeth along the central fossa occ…
Class 1
mandible is similar in size to maxilla
99 terms
Dental Anatomy Exam 1
Clinical crown
Anatomic crown
Axial surfaces
Proximal surfaces
The portion of the tooth that is clinically visible
The portion of the tooth covered by enamel
Mesial, distal, facial, and lingual surfaces
Can only be either mesial or distal... (Distal third molar surfa…
Clinical crown
The portion of the tooth that is clinically visible
Anatomic crown
The portion of the tooth covered by enamel
59 terms
Dental Anatomy: Dental Anomalies
Embryonic development result in what 3…
WHat are the 3 causes of dental anomal…
What is True Anodontia?
What is it called when there is 1 or m…
1. Absence... 2. Excess... 3. Deformity
1. Heredity ... 2. Developmental Disorder... 3. Metabolic Disorder
Total Congenital Absence of all teeth
Hypodontia
Embryonic development result in what 3…
1. Absence... 2. Excess... 3. Deformity
WHat are the 3 causes of dental anomal…
1. Heredity ... 2. Developmental Disorder... 3. Metabolic Disorder
716 terms
Dental Anatomy
anterior tooth with greatest mesiodist…
incisor with closest mesiodistal and i…
tooth whose incisal curvature of the c…
two teeth where a line that bisects th…
maxillary central incisor
maxillary central incisor
maxillary central incisor
maxillary central incisor... maxillary lateral incisor
anterior tooth with greatest mesiodist…
maxillary central incisor
incisor with closest mesiodistal and i…
maxillary central incisor
66 terms
Dental Anatomy
Dentition
What are the two dentitions a person h…
The first dentition present is the
The second dentition to develop is the
used to describe the natural teeth in the jaws
primary dentition and permanent dentition
primary dentition
permanent dentition
Dentition
used to describe the natural teeth in the jaws
What are the two dentitions a person h…
primary dentition and permanent dentition
37 terms
Dental Anatomy
Upper Arch Is Named?
Lower Arch is Named?
Considering the two sets of human Dent…
How many teeth in the permanent dentit…
Maxillary
Mandibular
Primary Dentition
32 (16 on each arch, 8 on each Quadrant).
Upper Arch Is Named?
Maxillary
Lower Arch is Named?
Mandibular
65 terms
Dental anatomy
Carbs/acidity
Anatomy
Physiology
Anatomical Position
2 things that break down enamel
Branch morphology structure body parts
Functions of the body parts
Body in vertical postion ... Face/palms facing forward
Carbs/acidity
2 things that break down enamel
Anatomy
Branch morphology structure body parts
35 terms
Dental anatomy
A crown and one or more roots
Dentine
Enamel
Cementum
A mammalian tooth consists of?
What is the tooth primarily made up of?
The crown is usually covered in a layer of?
The root is usually coated with?
A crown and one or more roots
A mammalian tooth consists of?
Dentine
What is the tooth primarily made up of?
250 terms
Dental Anatomy Midterm Review
Triangular Ridge
Transverse Ridge
Oblique Ridge
What does the epithelial diaphragm det…
top of cusp to central groove of occlusal surface
made up of 2 triangular ridges from buccal to lingual
diagonal ridges, buccal to lingual, made up of triangular rid…
# of roots
Triangular Ridge
top of cusp to central groove of occlusal surface
Transverse Ridge
made up of 2 triangular ridges from buccal to lingual
37 terms
Dental Anatomy Terminology
Maxillary
Mandibular
Mesial
Distal
of or pertaining to the upper arch of the mouth
of or pertaining to the lower arch of the mouth
(External tooth surface) - towards the center line of the den…
(External tooth surface) - away from the center line of the d…
Maxillary
of or pertaining to the upper arch of the mouth
Mandibular
of or pertaining to the lower arch of the mouth
Dental Anatomy
Primary Shark teeth
Primary Prominent cervical ridge on Fa…
Primary Smallest Facio-Lingual crown
Primary Most bilaterally symmetrical t…
Primary Maxillary Central Incisor (E,F)
Primary Maxillary Central Incisor (E,F)
Primary Mandibular Central Incisor (O,P)
Primary Mandibular Central Incisor (O,P)
Primary Shark teeth
Primary Maxillary Central Incisor (E,F)
Primary Prominent cervical ridge on Fa…
Primary Maxillary Central Incisor (E,F)
48 terms
Dental Anomalies- Dental Anatomy
What are anomalies?
What can anomalies be caused by?
What are the intrinsic factors?
What are the extrinsic factors?
Caused by disturbances during the development stage
Intrinsic and Extrinsic factors
• hereditary factors... • developmental disturbances... • metabolic…
• nutritional factors... • trauma, stress, habits... • biological a…
What are anomalies?
Caused by disturbances during the development stage
What can anomalies be caused by?
Intrinsic and Extrinsic factors
7 terms
Dental Anatomy
Crown
Root
Cingular
Fossa
The part of the tootb that is visible in the mouth.
The part of the tooth that is under the gums and anchors the…
Rounded elevation on the lingual of anterior teeth. Important…
Broad depression between the cusps of posterior teeth and the…
Crown
The part of the tootb that is visible in the mouth.
Root
The part of the tooth that is under the gums and anchors the…
305 terms
300 DENTAL ANATOMY FACTS
The primary tooth that has the most di…
The lingual cusp of the maxillary prem…
The primary maxillary 2nd molar genera…
Mamelons that remain beyond the age of…
Mandibular 1st molar (note: cervical ridge is MF)
mesial (the first more than the second)
cusp of Carabelli
indicate an open bite
The primary tooth that has the most di…
Mandibular 1st molar (note: cervical ridge is MF)
The lingual cusp of the maxillary prem…
mesial (the first more than the second)
dental anatomy
your Hanau Whip-Mix Wide Vue articulat…
which of the following landmarks is lo…
tetracycline staining of the permanent…
your patient presents with an extra to…
semi-adjustable articulator
articular fossa
8 years
mesiodens
your Hanau Whip-Mix Wide Vue articulat…
semi-adjustable articulator
which of the following landmarks is lo…
articular fossa
87 terms
Dental Anatomy
What is the reptilian stage?
What is the early mammalian stage?
What is the tritubercular molar?
What is the quadritubercular molar?
singe cone (haplodont)
three cusps in a row (triconodont)
3 cusps in a triangle
4 cusps in a quadrangle
What is the reptilian stage?
singe cone (haplodont)
What is the early mammalian stage?
three cusps in a row (triconodont)
Dental Anatomy
Dental Class
Dental Type
Shape of Teeth Facially & Lingually
Odontogenesis
Incisor, Canine, Premolar, Molar... last thing listed on proper…
1st, 2nd, 3rd, lateral, central... 4th thing listed on proper na…
Every tooth should be trapezoidal from the facial and lingual…
Tooth Development... Starts with Mandibular anteriors. Teeth dev…
Dental Class
Incisor, Canine, Premolar, Molar... last thing listed on proper…
Dental Type
1st, 2nd, 3rd, lateral, central... 4th thing listed on proper na…
Dental Anatomy
Primary and Decidous
Secondary and Permanent
Mixed Dentition
Eruption
Baby Teeth
Adult Teeth
Both adult and baby teeth in the mouth, 6yrs- 12yrs
tooth coming into the mouth
Primary and Decidous
Baby Teeth
Secondary and Permanent
Adult Teeth
8 terms
Dental Anatomy
Wisdom teeth or third molar
Posterior
Anterior
Medial
1,16,17,32
1-5, 12- 21, 28 to 32
6,11,22,27
Refers to the middle of the body, i.e. The exact middle of th…
Wisdom teeth or third molar
1,16,17,32
Posterior
1-5, 12- 21, 28 to 32
186 terms
Dental Anatomy
____________ is first initiated by fac…
_______________ becomes the driving fo…
The first sign of tooth development oc…
Dental Lamina: Ectomesenchyme cells in…
Odontogenesis
Ectomesenchyme
5-6
Oral epithelium
____________ is first initiated by fac…
Odontogenesis
_______________ becomes the driving fo…
Ectomesenchyme
Dental Anatomy- Occlusion
Occlusion
Occlusion of permanent teeth is depend…
5 Other factors that occlusion is depe…
Normal occlusion is also called:
contact relationship between maxillary and mandibular teeth w…
shedding... primary
1. musculature... 2. neuromuscular patterns... 3. TMJ functions... 4.…
ideal occlusion
Occlusion
contact relationship between maxillary and mandibular teeth w…
Occlusion of permanent teeth is depend…
shedding... primary
Dental Anatomy
Dorsum of tongue
Hard Palate
Pharynx
Elevated midline of hard palate
Top side of the tongue
Firm,covered by gingiva, has rugae
Behind soft palate
Palatine raphe
Dorsum of tongue
Top side of the tongue
Hard Palate
Firm,covered by gingiva, has rugae
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