Study sets matching "dental hygiene dentistry"

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Study sets matching "dental hygiene dentistry"

18 terms
History of Dental Hygiene and Dentistry
Hesy-re
Monks
Barbers
Pierre Fauchard
considered to be the first known "dentist". He lived in 3000 BC
from 500-1000 AD they were the most educated of people and wo…
1100's a papal decree prohibbited monks from performing surge…
1700's, known as the father of dentistry, wrote a detailed bo…
Hesy-re
considered to be the first known "dentist". He lived in 3000 BC
Monks
from 500-1000 AD they were the most educated of people and wo…
26 terms
community Dentistry and dental hygiene
body of knowledge,... self regulation,... co…
profesionalism
honesty... altruism... respect... responsibilit…
commercial... guild... interactive
what are the characteristics of a profession
Deals with moral behaviour and principals
what are the core values of professionalism
what are the 3 models of professionalism
body of knowledge,... self regulation,... co…
what are the characteristics of a profession
profesionalism
Deals with moral behaviour and principals
23 terms
History of Dentistry and Dental Hygiene
Who is the father of dental hygiene?
Who was the first dental hygienist?
Who is given credit for hiring the fir…
Who discovered the X-Ray?
Dr. Alfred C. Fones
Irene Newman
Dr. Kells
Wilhelm Roetgen
Who is the father of dental hygiene?
Dr. Alfred C. Fones
Who was the first dental hygienist?
Irene Newman
39 terms
comm- ch 6- The practice of Dentistry and dental hygiene
delivery system
Structure of system ... Financial arrange…
HISTORY... ECONOMICS... CULTURAL TRADITIONS…
structural... cultural... financial... personal
A collective health care expression which incorporates variou…
what are the components of a delivery system.
A SYSTEM THAT SEEMS RIGHT FOR ANY PARTICULAR COUNTRY IS DETER…
what are the barriers when accessing oral health care
delivery system
A collective health care expression which incorporates variou…
Structure of system ... Financial arrange…
what are the components of a delivery system.
9 terms
Ch. 6 Ethical Decision Making in Dental Hygiene and Dentistry
ethical dilemma
ethical analysis
moral principles
moral sensitivity
a situations in which 2 or more ethical principles are in con…
the process by which ethical decisions are made using a struc…
a mode of choosing that which is universal
the process of interpreting a situation from a moral perspect…
ethical dilemma
a situations in which 2 or more ethical principles are in con…
ethical analysis
the process by which ethical decisions are made using a struc…
DLE Chapter 6: Ethical Decision Making in Dental Hygiene and Dentistry
Ethical Analysis
Ethical Dilemma
Impaired Professional
Moral Dilemma
the process by which ethical decisions are made using a struc…
a situation in which two or more ethical principles are in co…
an individual who has undergone professional training but who…
situation in which obligations and responsibilities are in co…
Ethical Analysis
the process by which ethical decisions are made using a struc…
Ethical Dilemma
a situation in which two or more ethical principles are in co…
9 terms
Ethical Decision Making in Dental Hygiene and Dentistry (ch 6)
-A situation in which two or more et…
-Criminal offense doing things that…
6 Step Decision-Making Model... 1. Ident…
a. Clearly state the ethical question,…
Ethical Dilemma
Fraud
1. Problem... 2. Collect... 3. Options... 4. Ethical Principles... 5. Dec…
1. Identify the problem
-A situation in which two or more et…
Ethical Dilemma
-Criminal offense doing things that…
Fraud
Dental Hygiene
dental hygiene
teeth
toothbrush
toothpaste
caring of the teeth
need to care for them for eating all foods
tool we use to clean out teeth
Choose flavor and brand you like so you will use it
dental hygiene
caring of the teeth
teeth
need to care for them for eating all foods
91 terms
Dental Hygiene
Anterior (Ventral)
Posterior (Dorsal)
Lateral
Medial
Front
Back
Away from the midline of the body
Toward the midline of the body
Anterior (Ventral)
Front
Posterior (Dorsal)
Back
5 terms
Nutrition 125 Dental Hygiene
Thiamine
folate (folic acid)
Iodine
B6,B12
hematopoietic vitamins
Thiamine
folate (folic acid)
12 terms
Dental Assisting: Specialties in Dentistry
dentist
hygienist
pedodontist
periodontist
treat the mouth and teeth
clean teeth (prophylaxis), preventive work
children's dentist
gum and bone specialist
dentist
treat the mouth and teeth
hygienist
clean teeth (prophylaxis), preventive work
Dental Hygiene: Dental Nutrition
tooth enamel
B-vitamin complex and vitamin C defici…
nutritional status
slow to develop and may not be critica…
Water and several mineral elements are essential for maintena…
Visual signs of these nutrient deficiencies in the gingiva, m…
water and several minerals have a significant effect on integ…
Oral problems associated with hyper states or hypo states of…
tooth enamel
Water and several mineral elements are essential for maintena…
B-vitamin complex and vitamin C defici…
Visual signs of these nutrient deficiencies in the gingiva, m…
Pediatric Dentistry and Oral Hygiene
Preventative Pediatric Dentisrty
Avulsed teeth
Palate expander
Space maintainer
1 oral hygiene ... 2 nutrition... 3 topical fluorides... 4 sealants... 5…
teeth that have completly out of the socket
widens the maxillary arch
keeps the spot of a missing tooth until it comes in
Preventative Pediatric Dentisrty
1 oral hygiene ... 2 nutrition... 3 topical fluorides... 4 sealants... 5…
Avulsed teeth
teeth that have completly out of the socket
Dental Hygiene Final
Akinesia
Ankylosis
Bony ankylosis
Aphasia
absence or loss of power of voluntary motion.
immobility due to direct union between parts.
union of bone with bone or bone with tooth resulting in compl…
defect in, or loss of power of, expression by speech, writing…
Akinesia
absence or loss of power of voluntary motion.
Ankylosis
immobility due to direct union between parts.
Dental Hygiene
Intrinsic stain
Extrinsic stain
Endogenous stain
Exogenous stain
Stains that occur within the tooth substance(identified by lo…
Stains that occur on the external surface of the tooth(identi…
Stain that originates from within the tooth. Endogenous stain…
Stain that originates from external source
Intrinsic stain
Stains that occur within the tooth substance(identified by lo…
Extrinsic stain
Stains that occur on the external surface of the tooth(identi…
51 terms
Veterinary Dentistry- Dental Instruments
What are the components of a Dental De…
Describe the modified pen grasp.
Modified pen grasp (picture)
Fulcrum
-Various types... -Air Driven Handpieces... -Water Supply... -Polisher…
Three points... +Fulcrum... Rocking motion... Prevents wrists fatigue
the point on which a lever rests or is supported and on which…
What are the components of a Dental De…
-Various types... -Air Driven Handpieces... -Water Supply... -Polisher…
Describe the modified pen grasp.
Three points... +Fulcrum... Rocking motion... Prevents wrists fatigue
Dental hygiene- periodontal health
Lamina Dura
Attached Gingiva
Bruxism
Abfraction
The lining of the tooth socket that provides attachment for p…
This structure is covered with stratified squamous epithelium…
Stress-induced, involuntary behavior of grinding the teeth to…
This is caused by bio mechanical forces on teeth, which cause…
Lamina Dura
The lining of the tooth socket that provides attachment for p…
Attached Gingiva
This structure is covered with stratified squamous epithelium…
Principles of Dental Hygiene
Bacteriology:
Mycology:
Protozoology:
Virology:
The study of bacteria
The study of fungus
The study of protozoa
The study of viruses
Bacteriology:
The study of bacteria
Mycology:
The study of fungus
47 terms
Dental hygiene- periodontal health
Lamina Dura
Attached Gingiva
Bruxism
Abfraction
The lining of the tooth socket that provides attachment for p…
This structure is covered with stratified squamous epithelium…
Stress-induced, involuntary behavior of grinding the teeth to…
This is caused by bio mechanical forces on teeth, which cause…
Lamina Dura
The lining of the tooth socket that provides attachment for p…
Attached Gingiva
This structure is covered with stratified squamous epithelium…
74 terms
Intro to Dental Hygiene
What is Alfred E. Fones known as?
Dr. Fones coined the term ______ ?
Dr. Fones believed dental hygienists s…
Dr. Fones emphasized the role of _____…
"Father of Dental Hygiene"
Dental hygiene
Public health
Education
What is Alfred E. Fones known as?
"Father of Dental Hygiene"
Dr. Fones coined the term ______ ?
Dental hygiene
28 terms
Dental Hygiene Anatomy Figures
Head Regions... 1. Frontal region... 2. Par…
Neck regions... 1. Sternocleidomastoid m…
Facial bones... 1. Nasal bone... 2. Lacrima…
Orbit... 1. Optic canal... 2. Ethmoid bone…
Head Regions... 1. Frontal region... 2. Par…
Neck regions... 1. Sternocleidomastoid m…
Dental Hygiene Perio Biofilm
pathogenic organisms play a signifigan…
Cell Wall Characteristics Gram +
Cell Wall Characteristics Gam -
aerobic bacteria need
carious lesions and periodontal disease
sigle cell membrane stain purple
double cell membrane more resistant to destruction, relseases…
require O2 to survive (right at gingival margin, tooth decay…
pathogenic organisms play a signifigan…
carious lesions and periodontal disease
Cell Wall Characteristics Gram +
sigle cell membrane stain purple
Principles of dental hygiene
Biofilm
Detection of dental plaque biofilm
Pellicle
When looking up medication look for
A complex highly organized three-dimensional communal arrange…
Maybe invisible, extrinsic stains Thick plaque can be visible…
Layer to protect teeth, thin film layer
Pharmacologic category and mechanism of action... Common side ef…
Biofilm
A complex highly organized three-dimensional communal arrange…
Detection of dental plaque biofilm
Maybe invisible, extrinsic stains Thick plaque can be visible…
277 terms
Clinical Dental Hygiene
Allergen
Allergy
Anaphylaxis
Anisocoria
An antigenic substance that produces hypersensitivity.
A hypersensitive state gain from exposure to a specific aller…
An acute severe allergic reaction shown by a sudden collapse,…
Unequally dilated pupils.
Allergen
An antigenic substance that produces hypersensitivity.
Allergy
A hypersensitive state gain from exposure to a specific aller…
37 terms
Dental Hygiene:Professionalism & Introduction to Dental Hygiene
Define Dental Hygiene
Define Hygienist
Discuss professionalism and how it aff…
3 areas of focus as a Professional Hyg…
Dental Hygiene is the study of preventive oral healthcare, in…
Hygienist are licensed preventative oral health professionals…
Professionalism is an attitude that is apparent in everything…
Current knowledge and skill, Attitude, Ethical behavior exerc…
Define Dental Hygiene
Dental Hygiene is the study of preventive oral healthcare, in…
Define Hygienist
Hygienist are licensed preventative oral health professionals…
Dental Hygiene National Board
What are some examples of bio-hazard w…
The bio-hazard waste or regulated true…
When should we change our mask?
What is the purpose of PPE?
Sharps, items that drip of blood and/or saliva, and hard and…
True
When it becomes wet or soiled with every patient. That includ…
Is to minimize the exposure to Aerosol, Spatter, Direct trans…
What are some examples of bio-hazard w…
Sharps, items that drip of blood and/or saliva, and hard and…
The bio-hazard waste or regulated true…
True
73 terms
Dental Hygiene Pharmacology
Most common Rx written by dentist
Therapeutic Catagories
Prescription
What drugs can a dental hygienest lega…
antibiotic and analgesics
antibiotic ... analgesics... fluoride... antifungal... corticosteriods
An order written by a practitioner of medicine for pharmacy s…
None
Most common Rx written by dentist
antibiotic and analgesics
Therapeutic Catagories
antibiotic ... analgesics... fluoride... antifungal... corticosteriods
41 terms
Dental Hygiene Gracey Curet
Gracey Curets
Uses of Gracey Curets
Where from is the light calculus depos…
Design Features of Gracey Curets
"Area Specific"... Designed by Dr. Clayton in 1930s
-removal of fine to light subgingival or supragingival calcul…
crowns and roots of the tooth
-Face of blade offset at 70 degree angle to shank... -only ONE c…
Gracey Curets
"Area Specific"... Designed by Dr. Clayton in 1930s
Uses of Gracey Curets
-removal of fine to light subgingival or supragingival calcul…
113 terms
Nutrition Final-Dental Hygiene
6 Classes of nutrients
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, vitamins, minerals, water
organic compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
yield 4 kilocalories.gram, provide most abundant energy durin…
single sugars
6 Classes of nutrients
carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, vitamins, minerals, water
Carbohydrates
organic compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
86 terms
Preventive Dental Hygiene Exam
Primary Intervention Example
Secondary Prevention Example
Tertiary Prevention Example
Learning Ladder
Chairside oral education, mouth guard fabrication, fluoridate…
Calculus/biofilm removal in shallow pockets, applying desensi…
Replacement of a missing tooth (implant, prosthetic appliance…
1. UNAWARENESS or IGNORANCE... -client lack info or has incorr…
Primary Intervention Example
Chairside oral education, mouth guard fabrication, fluoridate…
Secondary Prevention Example
Calculus/biofilm removal in shallow pockets, applying desensi…
1,644 terms
Dental Hygiene Board Review
D.H Code of Ethics purpose?
What are the Core Values of the code o…
What is Veracity?
What is Autonomy?
To achieve high levels of ethical consciousness, decision mak…
1. Veracity... 2. Autonomy... 3. Beneficence ... 4. Nonmaleficence... 5.…
Telling the truth and expecting it of others (trustfulness; i…
1. Deals with PATIENT (self determination)... 2. Patient have th…
D.H Code of Ethics purpose?
To achieve high levels of ethical consciousness, decision mak…
What are the Core Values of the code o…
1. Veracity... 2. Autonomy... 3. Beneficence ... 4. Nonmaleficence... 5.…
259 terms
Boards: clinical dental hygiene
chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) is a the…
qualities of a disinfectant include:
what effect does a chlorine based comp…
what effect do Iodophors have?
12% concentration, approved for united states use
rapid, broad spectrum, odorless, easy to use, fast acting, ec…
corrosive to metals & strong odor
can discolor some surfaces yellow
chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) is a the…
12% concentration, approved for united states use
qualities of a disinfectant include:
rapid, broad spectrum, odorless, easy to use, fast acting, ec…
73 terms
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Nerve NOT associated with the mandibul…
Foramen Ovale
Incisive Foramen
Sensory
Infraorbital nerve
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Foramen Ovale
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Incisive Foramen
Preventive Dentistry Dental Stains
Extrinsic Stain
Intrinsic stain
Exogenous
Endogenous
outside- adhere to pellicle
Stains incorporated within tooth structure... May be related to…
comes from outside
comes from within
Extrinsic Stain
outside- adhere to pellicle
Intrinsic stain
Stains incorporated within tooth structure... May be related to…
17 terms
Local Anesthesia (dental hygiene)
Local Anesthetic Classification
Amides
Esters
Chemistry of LA
Amides and Ester
Lidocaine, Mepivacaine, Prilocaine, Bupivacaine
Procaine (Novocaine), Cocaine, Benzocaine
Weak bases; they have aromatic group (benzene ring-hydrophobi…
Local Anesthetic Classification
Amides and Ester
Amides
Lidocaine, Mepivacaine, Prilocaine, Bupivacaine
Dental Hygien
Acetaminophen
Codeine
Prostaglandin , Bradykinin
Acetyl Salicylic Acid
Overdose of this drug, cam cause liver toxicity
When a patient is taking this drug, it is important to monito…
This is known as "Initiator" of pain
This drug should never be chewed
Acetaminophen
Overdose of this drug, cam cause liver toxicity
Codeine
When a patient is taking this drug, it is important to monito…
78 terms
Dental Hygiene Pharm Terms
Schedule I drug
Schedule II drug
Schedule III drug
schedule IV drug
highest abuse potential - ex. heroin, LSD, marijuana, halluci…
High abuse potential - ex. oxycodone, morphine, amphetamine,…
Moderate abuse potential - ex. codeine mixtures, hydrocodone…
less abuse potential - ex. diazepam, dextropropoxyphene forms…
Schedule I drug
highest abuse potential - ex. heroin, LSD, marijuana, halluci…
Schedule II drug
High abuse potential - ex. oxycodone, morphine, amphetamine,…
103 terms
Dental Hygiene-Cranial Nerves
Ganglion
Proprioception
dry mouth (Xerostomia)
Olfactory
An accumulation of neuron cell bodies outside of the CNS.
Awareness of movement and knowledge of position in relation t…
When scared or nervous, the sympathetic nervous system can ca…
What is the I cranial nerve?
Ganglion
An accumulation of neuron cell bodies outside of the CNS.
Proprioception
Awareness of movement and knowledge of position in relation t…
23 terms
Dental Hygiene GI pharmacology
H2 Receptor Antagonists
Antacids
PPI's
Cytoprotective agents
Cimetidine (Tagamet), Nizatidine (axid), Ranitidine (Zantac),…
Magnesium hydroxide, Aluminum Hydroxide, Calcium carbonate, S…
Omerprazole magnesium (prilosec), Lansoprazole (prevacid), Es…
Sucralfate (carafate)
H2 Receptor Antagonists
Cimetidine (Tagamet), Nizatidine (axid), Ranitidine (Zantac),…
Antacids
Magnesium hydroxide, Aluminum Hydroxide, Calcium carbonate, S…
36 terms
Dental Hygiene National Board
Biohazard waste to be disposed of prop…
What is the guide that gives informati…
Examples of PPE
Disinfectants kill everything except?
Sharps, items saturated with blood, hard or soft tissues from…
Material safety data sheet
Mask, Gloves, eyewear, protective clothing
Spores
Biohazard waste to be disposed of prop…
Sharps, items saturated with blood, hard or soft tissues from…
What is the guide that gives informati…
Material safety data sheet
56 terms
dental hygiene prometric
invasive procedure that we do
fordyce granules
fluoridated water
when is the saliva most acidic
periodontal probing
no treatment
cause hypocalcification
during chewing
invasive procedure that we do
periodontal probing
fordyce granules
no treatment
Dental Hygiene Radiology
Radiation
X-Radiation
x-ray
radiology
A form of energy carried by waves or a stream of particles
A high-energy ionizing electromagnetic radiation produced by…
a beam of energy that has the power to penetrate substances a…
the study of radiation as used in medicine
Radiation
A form of energy carried by waves or a stream of particles
X-Radiation
A high-energy ionizing electromagnetic radiation produced by…
41 terms
Dental Hygiene Gracey Curet
Gracey Curets
Uses of Gracey Curets
Where from is the light calculus depos…
Design Features of Gracey Curets
"Area Specific"... Designed by Dr. Clayton in 1930s
-removal of fine to light subgingival or supragingival calcul…
crowns and roots of the tooth
-Face of blade offset at 70 degree angle to shank... -only ONE c…
Gracey Curets
"Area Specific"... Designed by Dr. Clayton in 1930s
Uses of Gracey Curets
-removal of fine to light subgingival or supragingival calcul…
45 terms
Dental Hygiene Instrumentation
Adaptation
Angulation
0 to 40 degrees
60 and 80 degrees
positioning of the first 1 or 2 millimeters of the working-en…
the relation between the face of a calculus removal instrumen…
For insertion beneath the gingival margin, the face-to-tooth…
The ideal angle for calculus removal, the face-to-tooth surfa…
Adaptation
positioning of the first 1 or 2 millimeters of the working-en…
Angulation
the relation between the face of a calculus removal instrumen…
Dental Hygiene Care Pediatrics
State the AAPD recommended age to firs…
Discuss the purpose and components of…
Early Childhood Caries
ECC Statisitics
1st tooth erupts ... no later than 1st birthday... Xrays by age 3... P…
decrease incidence of early caries and promotion of healthy o…
WHO: infants/young children... WHAT: early onset of caries , de…
Most common childhood disease 5 times more than asthma... 30% t…
State the AAPD recommended age to firs…
1st tooth erupts ... no later than 1st birthday... Xrays by age 3... P…
Discuss the purpose and components of…
decrease incidence of early caries and promotion of healthy o…
Introduction to Dentistry and the Dental Assistant
The Egyptians, the Greeks, the Phoenic…
Celsus
The Crawcour brothers. Amalgam was use…
Private and group
Dental history dates back to ancient civilizations. Who are s…
Who wrote the first orthodontic treatment?
Who started the Amalgam War? Why was it such a controversial…
What general types of dental offices are available from which…
The Egyptians, the Greeks, the Phoenic…
Dental history dates back to ancient civilizations. Who are s…
Celsus
Who wrote the first orthodontic treatment?
15 terms
Dental Hygiene Pathology Chapter 1
sessile
pedunculated
papule
corrugated
base of a lesion that is flat or broad instead of stemlike
attached by a stemlike or stalklike base similar to that of a…
small, circumscribed lesion usually less than 1 cm in diamete…
wrinkled
sessile
base of a lesion that is flat or broad instead of stemlike
pedunculated
attached by a stemlike or stalklike base similar to that of a…
61 terms
Operative Dentistry & Dental Instruments
What is the difference between examina…
Formula developed to standardize size…
Parts of the dental hand pieces?
What are basic examination instruments?
-Examination instruments: Used to exam the oral health status…
Blacks Formula. It is a 3 number system. Ex: 1-2-3... 1= width o…
Handle- Part that operator holds ... Shank- Part that attaches…
Mirror, explorer, and cotton pliers.
What is the difference between examina…
-Examination instruments: Used to exam the oral health status…
Formula developed to standardize size…
Blacks Formula. It is a 3 number system. Ex: 1-2-3... 1= width o…
Dental Hygiene Periodontics Q2
Periodontal Ligament
Principal Fibers
Functions of the Periodontal Ligament
Cementum
The PDL connective tissue extends from cementum covering the…
The PDL is primarily composed of these dense fibrous collagen…
Supportive- suspends and maintains tooth in its socket... Sensor…
A thin layer of hard, mineralized connective tissue covering…
Periodontal Ligament
The PDL connective tissue extends from cementum covering the…
Principal Fibers
The PDL is primarily composed of these dense fibrous collagen…
20 terms
Dental Hygiene Oral Pathology Chapter 5
Ankyloglossia
Anodontia
Concrescence
Congenital
extensive adhesion of the tongue to the floor of the mouth or…
congenital lack of teeth
two adjacent teeth are joined by cementum
present at and existing at birth
Ankyloglossia
extensive adhesion of the tongue to the floor of the mouth or…
Anodontia
congenital lack of teeth
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