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Study sets matching "dental hygiene local anesthesia"

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Study sets matching "dental hygiene local anesthesia"

73 terms
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Nerve NOT associated with the mandibul…
Foramen Ovale
Incisive Foramen
Sensory
Infraorbital nerve
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Foramen Ovale
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Incisive Foramen
17 terms
Local Anesthesia (dental hygiene)
Local Anesthetic Classification
Amides
Esters
Chemistry of LA
Amides and Ester
Lidocaine, Mepivacaine, Prilocaine, Bupivacaine
Procaine (Novocaine), Cocaine, Benzocaine
Weak bases; they have aromatic group (benzene ring-hydrophobi…
Local Anesthetic Classification
Amides and Ester
Amides
Lidocaine, Mepivacaine, Prilocaine, Bupivacaine
79 terms
Dental hygiene local anesthesia
Purpose of local anesthesia
What kind of supervision is needed?
Indications for use of LA
Advantages of LA
Loss of sensation in a limited area of the body caused by dep…
Direct- doctor is there watching
Scaling with hemorragic tissues... Root planing with sensitivity…
Pt. confort... Pt. acceptance of treatment... Operator confort... Oper…
Purpose of local anesthesia
Loss of sensation in a limited area of the body caused by dep…
What kind of supervision is needed?
Direct- doctor is there watching
130 terms
Local Anesthesia - dental hygiene
Myelinated nerves have constricted sec…
The thin cable like sturcture of a neu…
A minimum of ....... mm of nerve must…
at resting state the interior of the n…
Nodes of RA
axon
8 - 10 mm
K - potassium
Myelinated nerves have constricted sec…
Nodes of RA
The thin cable like sturcture of a neu…
axon
82 terms
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Nerve NOT associated with the mandibul…
Foramen Ovale
Incisive Foramen
Sensory
Infraorbital nerve
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Foramen Ovale
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Incisive Foramen
53 terms
Dental Hygiene: Local Anesthesia
What are the routes of local anestheti…
What are the components of a good anes…
What are aspects of biocompatibility?
What makes an anesthetic safe and effe…
Topical, submucosal (injection)
Biocompatibility, safe and effective
Non-irritable, nontoxic, non-allergenic, bio- transforms, rev…
- Works with area tissues (nerves)... - Short onset, no residual…
What are the routes of local anestheti…
Topical, submucosal (injection)
What are the components of a good anes…
Biocompatibility, safe and effective
82 terms
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Nerve NOT associated with the mandibul…
Foramen Ovale
Incisive Foramen
Sensory
Infraorbital nerve
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Foramen Ovale
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Incisive Foramen
73 terms
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Nerve NOT associated with the mandibul…
Teeth that PSA innervates
Foramen Ovale
Sensory
Infraorbital nerve
1st, 2nd, and 3rd maxillary molars, but may not innervate MB…
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Foramen Ovale
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Sensory
73 terms
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Nerve NOT associated with the mandibul…
Foramen Ovale
Incisive Foramen
Sensory
Infraorbital nerve
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Foramen Ovale
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Incisive Foramen
53 terms
Dental Hygiene: Local Anesthesia
What are the routes of local anestheti…
What are the components of a good anes…
What are aspects of biocompatibility?
What makes an anesthetic safe and effe…
Topical, submucosal (injection)
Biocompatibility, safe and effective
Non-irritable, nontoxic, non-allergenic, bio- transforms, rev…
- Works with area tissues (nerves)... - Short onset, no residual…
What are the routes of local anestheti…
Topical, submucosal (injection)
What are the components of a good anes…
Biocompatibility, safe and effective
34 terms
Local Anesthesia Final Dental Hygiene
MI within six months
CVA within six months
Uncontrolled severe hypertension
Recent cocaine use
Absolute contraindication to local anesthesia
Absolute contraindication to local anesthesia
Absolute contraindication to local anesthesia
Absolute contraindication to local anesthesia
MI within six months
Absolute contraindication to local anesthesia
CVA within six months
Absolute contraindication to local anesthesia
45 terms
Local Anesthesia properties WREB review Dental Hygiene
Short acting LA
Intermediate
Long
lidocaine (brand names)
3% Mepivicaine (plain); 2% Lido (plain); 4% Prilocaine (plain…
2% Lido 1:100,000 or 1:50,000; 2% Mepiviaine 1:20,000 levono;…
4% Lido 1:200,000; .5% Bupivacaine 1:200,000
xylocaine, octocaine, lignospan
Short acting LA
3% Mepivicaine (plain); 2% Lido (plain); 4% Prilocaine (plain…
Intermediate
2% Lido 1:100,000 or 1:50,000; 2% Mepiviaine 1:20,000 levono;…
11 terms
Dental Hygiene - Local Anesthesia - Drug Interactions
Esters Interact with?
Opoid analgesics can interact with?
When can LA methoglobinemia be induced?
What do you want to avoid when a patie…
Sulfonamides - Esters aren't injected anymore in dentistry an…
Local anesthetic - Increased risk for LA overdose, concern w/…
When prilocaine is administered in access.
Norepinephrine and levonodefrin. - CVS actions are increased…
Esters Interact with?
Sulfonamides - Esters aren't injected anymore in dentistry an…
Opoid analgesics can interact with?
Local anesthetic - Increased risk for LA overdose, concern w/…
24 terms
Chapter 1: Local Anesthesia in Dental Hygiene Practice
What potent drug used for pain control…
What drug did Horace Wells first intro…
All of the following are reasons why p…
Injectable amides are recommended over…
Morphine
Nitrous Oxide
D. It was addictive
Less risk of allergic reactions and increased potency
What potent drug used for pain control…
Morphine
What drug did Horace Wells first intro…
Nitrous Oxide
419 terms
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia Study Boards
pain perception
What are 2 ways we control pain in den…
What is behavioral Method?
What are some pharmacological methods?
fear of pain, keeps seeking dental care
1. Behavioral Method... 2. Pharmacological Method
breathing exercise, meditation, acupuncture
1. LA... 2. Inhalation (nitrous)... 3. sedation oral premedication…
pain perception
fear of pain, keeps seeking dental care
What are 2 ways we control pain in den…
1. Behavioral Method... 2. Pharmacological Method
Chapter 1: Local Anesthesia in Dental Hygiene Practice
Pain
What are pain relievers routinely refe…
Local anesthesia
Pain control
an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience and can be tho…
analgesics
creates a numbing feeling that eliminates the feeling of sens…
the mechanism that alleviates pain
Pain
an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience and can be tho…
What are pain relievers routinely refe…
analgesics
130 terms
Dental Hygiene-Local Anesthetic
Several of the more potent injectable…
The shelf life of a local anesthetic c…
Which type of injection provides a lon…
Which problem is a result of a cartrid…
True
False: shorter shelf life
Nerve Block
Extruded Stopper
Several of the more potent injectable…
True
The shelf life of a local anesthetic c…
False: shorter shelf life
29 terms
Local Anesthesia for Dental Hygienist
Mepivacaine 3%
0.5mg/mL
Only when a vasoconstrictor is added
Infection causes a decrease in the pH…
Which of the following anesthetics has the shortest duration…
Levonordefrin has how many mg/mL of vasoconstrictor?
When is Sodium bicarbonate added to local anesthetic solution
What is the main reason anesthesia fails to occur near an abs…
Mepivacaine 3%
Which of the following anesthetics has the shortest duration…
0.5mg/mL
Levonordefrin has how many mg/mL of vasoconstrictor?
66 terms
Anatomy of Local Anesthesia for Dental Hygienists
Supraperiosteal Injection
Nerve Block
Paresthesia
Greater Palatine Nerve
(also called local infiltration) Injection that anesthetizes…
Injection that anesthetizes larger area than supraperiosteal…
Abnormal sensation of burning or prickling from an area
What is the name of this nerve?
Supraperiosteal Injection
(also called local infiltration) Injection that anesthetizes…
Nerve Block
Injection that anesthetizes larger area than supraperiosteal…
local anesthesia for dentals
why do we use local anesthesia in dent…
what is the onset of action for lidoca…
what is the duration of lidocaine?
what is the toxic dose of lidocaine?
Providing local anesthesia for dental extractions is an easy…
2-10 minutes
Duration- 20min-2 hours
Toxic dosage-5mg/kg
why do we use local anesthesia in dent…
Providing local anesthesia for dental extractions is an easy…
what is the onset of action for lidoca…
2-10 minutes
11 terms
Local Anesthesia for Dental Specialties
How will anesthetics provide hemostasis?
If a tissue is infected or inflamed wh…
Infiltrations
Local anesthetic absolute contraindica…
1. It must be directly injected into the area needing hemosta…
You would use a nerve block instead of infiltration, because…
Provide adequate anesthesia for primary teeth and nerve block…
1. Ester drug allergy... 2. Local anesthetic allergy
How will anesthetics provide hemostasis?
1. It must be directly injected into the area needing hemosta…
If a tissue is infected or inflamed wh…
You would use a nerve block instead of infiltration, because…
72 terms
Basics of Local Dental Anesthesia
Two types of Local anesthesia (LA)
What do Vasoconstrictors (if added) do?
What do Antioxidants do
What does Sodium Hydroxide do?
- Amide: Principle injectable, Low allergy factor... -Ester: Hig…
Retards absorption, reduces toxicity, and prolongs action
Prolongs shelf life
Adjusts pH
Two types of Local anesthesia (LA)
- Amide: Principle injectable, Low allergy factor... -Ester: Hig…
What do Vasoconstrictors (if added) do?
Retards absorption, reduces toxicity, and prolongs action
66 terms
Anatomy of Local Anesthesia for Dental Hygienists
Supraperiosteal Injection
Nerve Block
Paresthesia
Greater Palatine Nerve
(also called local infiltration) Injection that anesthetizes…
Injection that anesthetizes larger area than supraperiosteal…
Abnormal sensation of burning or prickling from an area
What is the name of this nerve?
Supraperiosteal Injection
(also called local infiltration) Injection that anesthetizes…
Nerve Block
Injection that anesthetizes larger area than supraperiosteal…
85 terms
Local Anesthesia for the Pediatric Dental Patient
What are the considerations for local…
What are the cranial nerves and their…
Identify the three divisions of the tr…
Identify the branches of the opthalmic…
-Anesthetic dose and overdose... -Complications related to prolo…
What are the considerations for local…
-Anesthetic dose and overdose... -Complications related to prolo…
What are the cranial nerves and their…
25 terms
Local Anesthesia for the Pediatric Dental Patient
25 gauge needles
27 gauge needles
25 or 27 gauge short
25 or 27 gauge long
Red
yellow
infiltrations
nerve blocks
25 gauge needles
Red
27 gauge needles
yellow
15 terms
Dose Calculations for Local Anesthetic solutions (Dental Hygiene)
What is the necessary information need…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
If a 100% solution, by definition cont…
A cartridge that contains 1.8 ml of so…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
100 mg/ml
36 mg/ml of drug (20 mg/ml X 1.8 ml/cart. = 36 mg/ml)
What is the necessary information need…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
48 terms
Dental Hygiene - Ch1. Neurophysiology - Local Anesthetic
Sensory
Motor
Neuron
Sensory (Afferent)
Afferent (A - Feeling)... Carries sensory neurons toward spinal…
Efferent (Effect)... Conducts signals away from the brain or spi…
Nerve Cell... Structural unit of the nervous system... Transmits me…
1. Transmits pain... 2. Peripheral process (dendritic zone) : fr…
Sensory
Afferent (A - Feeling)... Carries sensory neurons toward spinal…
Motor
Efferent (Effect)... Conducts signals away from the brain or spi…
15 terms
Dose Calculations for Local Anesthetic solutions (Dental Hygiene)
What is the necessary information need…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
If a 100% solution, by definition cont…
A cartridge that contains 1.8 ml of so…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
100 mg/ml
36 mg/ml of drug (20 mg/ml X 1.8 ml/cart. = 36 mg/ml)
What is the necessary information need…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
58 terms
IPAP 1-15 Dental - Local Anesthesia
Role of local anesthetics
Sensory divisions of Trigeminal nerve
Motor division of Trigeminal nerve
Maxillary Division (V2) of sensory tri…
Decrease intraoperative and postop pain... Decrease amount of g…
Ophthalmic division V1... Maxillary division V2... Mandibular div…
Masticatory... -Massseter... -Temporalis... -Medial and lateral pteryg…
Inter-cranial... Pterygopalatine... Infraorbital... Facial... *Divide…
Role of local anesthetics
Decrease intraoperative and postop pain... Decrease amount of g…
Sensory divisions of Trigeminal nerve
Ophthalmic division V1... Maxillary division V2... Mandibular div…
8 terms
Management of Dental Pain & Anxiety - Pictures of Local Anesthesia Block Types
IA Block
Buccal Block
Incisive Block
PSA block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
IA Block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
Buccal Block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
8 terms
Management of Dental Pain & Anxiety - Pictures of Local Anesthesia Block Types
IA Block
Buccal Block
Incisive Block
PSA block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
IA Block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
Buccal Block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
15 terms
Dose Calculations for Local Anesthetic solutions (Dental Hygiene)
What is the necessary information need…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
If a 100% solution, by definition cont…
A cartridge that contains 1.8 ml of so…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
100 mg/ml
36 mg/ml of drug (20 mg/ml X 1.8 ml/cart. = 36 mg/ml)
What is the necessary information need…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
15 terms
Dose Calculations for Local Anesthetic solutions (Dental Hygiene)
What is the necessary information need…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
If a 100% solution, by definition cont…
A cartridge that contains 1.8 ml of so…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
100 mg/ml
36 mg/ml of drug (20 mg/ml X 1.8 ml/cart. = 36 mg/ml)
What is the necessary information need…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
5 terms
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthetic, Supra-periosteal Infiltration (SI)
Gauge: 25 or 27... Length: Short... Penetrat…
Height of MB fold lateral to tooth
Pulp of Individual tooth and overlying…
Syringe is parallel to long axis of to…
Supra-periosteal Infiltration (SI) - Needle gauge, length, de…
Supra-periosteal Infiltration (SI) - Penetration site?
Supra-periosteal Infiltration (SI) - Tissues anaesthetized?
Supra-periosteal Infiltration (SI) - Angle of delivery and pe…
Gauge: 25 or 27... Length: Short... Penetrat…
Supra-periosteal Infiltration (SI) - Needle gauge, length, de…
Height of MB fold lateral to tooth
Supra-periosteal Infiltration (SI) - Penetration site?
8 terms
Management of Dental Pain & Anxiety - Pictures of Local Anesthesia Block Types
IA Block
Buccal Block
Incisive Block
PSA block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
IA Block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
Buccal Block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
124 terms
Dental Theory Exam #3, local anesthesia and pain control
When was local anesthesia first discov…
Local anesthesia is what?
Method of anesthesia does what?
Intro to pain control?
mid 1800s and has greatly reduced pain during dental care
agent most frequently used for pain control in dentistry
provides a safe, effective, and dependable method of anesthes…
practice of various psychological, physical, and chemical app…
When was local anesthesia first discov…
mid 1800s and has greatly reduced pain during dental care
Local anesthesia is what?
agent most frequently used for pain control in dentistry
90 terms
Local anesthesia for dental professionals ch 7, 8, 13, 14, 16, 17, 21
What is the maximum does per appt. For…
What is the MRD per appt for lidocaine?
What is the MRD per appt for Mepivacai…
What is the MRD per appt for Prilocaine?
90mg
500mg
400mg
600mg
What is the maximum does per appt. For…
90mg
What is the MRD per appt for lidocaine?
500mg
10 terms
Local Anesthesia Sites
Injection sites for local anesthesia
ASA Injection
MSA Injection
PSA Injection
Injection sites for local anesthesia
ASA Injection
35 terms
Local Anesthesia - Mandibular Injections
3 mandibular injections
incisive block is also called
IA anesthetizes
injection site for IA
IA, buccal, incisive
mental block
lingual soft tissue and bone and tongue of quad... alveolar muco…
slightly lateral of upward swing of pterygomandibular raphe... a…
3 mandibular injections
IA, buccal, incisive
incisive block is also called
mental block
11 terms
local anesthesia injection site
posterior superior alveolar
middle superior alveolar
anterior superior alveolar
infraorbital block
Pterygoid plexus, PSA artery, parotid gland
none
none
infraorbital artery
posterior superior alveolar
Pterygoid plexus, PSA artery, parotid gland
middle superior alveolar
none
44 terms
Anatomy of Local Anesthesia : Maxillary
Posterior Superior Alveolar Block (PSA)
Middle Superior Alveolar Block (MSA)
Anterior Superior Alveolar Block (ASA)
Infraorbital Block (IO)
Anesthesia for the maxillary molar teeth and associated bucca…
Anesthesia of maxillary premolars and associated buccal tissu…
Anesthesia of maxillary canine and incisors and their associa…
Anesthesia of the maxillary anterior and premolar teeth and t…
Posterior Superior Alveolar Block (PSA)
Anesthesia for the maxillary molar teeth and associated bucca…
Middle Superior Alveolar Block (MSA)
Anesthesia of maxillary premolars and associated buccal tissu…
41 terms
Local Anesthesia: Anatomic Considerations
Foramen Ovale
Foramen Spinosum
Foramen Rotundum
Fifth (V) Cranial Nerve (Trigeminal)
large anterior opening on the sphenoid bone for the mandibula…
Smaller and more posterior opening of sphenoid bone, caries m…
Located in greater wing oh the sphenoid bone.
Largest nerve of all cranial nerves.
Foramen Ovale
large anterior opening on the sphenoid bone for the mandibula…
Foramen Spinosum
Smaller and more posterior opening of sphenoid bone, caries m…
20 terms
RDH Local Anesthesia
Local Infiltration
Nerve Block
Parasthesia
Posterior Superior Alveolar Block (PSA)
Type of injection that anesthetizes a small area - one or two…
Type of injection that anesthetizes a larger area than the lo…
Abnormal sensation from an areas such as burning or prickling.
Used to achieve pulpal anesthesia in the maxillary 3rd, 2nd,…
Local Infiltration
Type of injection that anesthetizes a small area - one or two…
Nerve Block
Type of injection that anesthetizes a larger area than the lo…
17 terms
Anatomy of Local Anesthesia : Mandibular
Inferior Alveolar Block (IA)
Buccal Block
Mental Block + Incisive Block
Because it produces complete anesthesi…
Anesthesia of the mandibular teeth and their associated lingu…
Anesthesia of the tissues buccal to the mandibular molars.
Anesthesia of the facial tissues anterior to the mental foram…
Why are bilateral IA blocks avoided?
Inferior Alveolar Block (IA)
Anesthesia of the mandibular teeth and their associated lingu…
Buccal Block
Anesthesia of the tissues buccal to the mandibular molars.
74 terms
DH Local Anesthesia Board Review (Dr. D 2012)
What LA is metabolized by pseudocholin…
Where are ester LA's hydrolyzed?
Which antiseptic should not be used?
Before using a cartridge you should:... 1…
Esters
In the blood plasma by th enzyme pseudocholinesterase
Liquid Alcohol
None of the above
What LA is metabolized by pseudocholin…
Esters
Where are ester LA's hydrolyzed?
In the blood plasma by th enzyme pseudocholinesterase
99 terms
WREB Local Anesthesia
What happens in a anaphalactic reaction
what do you do for an immediate allerg…
Chest pain (Angio Pectoris)
What to do when a patient develops Che…
life-threatening causing bronchospam & drop in BP
1.call 911... 2.Get preloaded Epi syringe in the emergency kit a…
patient has tight , heavy, or constricted chest pain and may…
1.CALL 911 and position patient so he/she is comfortable and…
What happens in a anaphalactic reaction
life-threatening causing bronchospam & drop in BP
what do you do for an immediate allerg…
1.call 911... 2.Get preloaded Epi syringe in the emergency kit a…
88 terms
Wreb study for local anesthesia questions
Local anesthesia depresses excitation…
LA differe from other drugs in that mo…
Why are vasoconstrictors added to LA?
Why are additives and preservatives ad…
periphreal
systemic circulation
decrease blood flow at injection site, constrict blood vessel…
prolong the shelf life by using antioxidant properties
Local anesthesia depresses excitation…
periphreal
LA differe from other drugs in that mo…
systemic circulation
70 terms
Local Anesthesia Review
ASA Needle Size
ASA Dose
ASA Depth
ASA Injection Site
27 short
1/3 - 1/2 cart ... .6 - .9 ml
1/4 inch
Muccobuccal fold of canine
ASA Needle Size
27 short
ASA Dose
1/3 - 1/2 cart ... .6 - .9 ml
69 terms
ch 12 local anesthesia
when would infiltration injections be…
which injection is the simplest and sa…
what structures are in the dental plex…
the maxilla is ____ and ________
for only one or two teeth... tissue in a limited area
infiltration
pulp of the tooth... facial of gingiva... PDL... alveolus
thin ... permeable
when would infiltration injections be…
for only one or two teeth... tissue in a limited area
which injection is the simplest and sa…
infiltration
96 terms
Landmarks for Local Anesthesia
small area, deposited near terminal ne…
larger area, deposited near large nerv…
abnormal sensation (burning or prickli…
abscess... cellulitis... osteomyelitis
Local infiltration
Nerve block
Paresthesia
Never progress needle through...
small area, deposited near terminal ne…
Local infiltration
larger area, deposited near large nerv…
Nerve block
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