Study sets matching "dental hygiene local anesthesia"

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Study sets matching "dental hygiene local anesthesia"

73 terms
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Nerve NOT associated with the mandibul…
Foramen Ovale
Incisive Foramen
Sensory
Infraorbital nerve
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Foramen Ovale
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Incisive Foramen
17 terms
Local Anesthesia (dental hygiene)
Local Anesthetic Classification
Amides
Esters
Chemistry of LA
Amides and Ester
Lidocaine, Mepivacaine, Prilocaine, Bupivacaine
Procaine (Novocaine), Cocaine, Benzocaine
Weak bases; they have aromatic group (benzene ring-hydrophobi…
Local Anesthetic Classification
Amides and Ester
Amides
Lidocaine, Mepivacaine, Prilocaine, Bupivacaine
130 terms
Local Anesthesia - dental hygiene
Myelinated nerves have constricted sec…
The thin cable like sturcture of a neu…
A minimum of ....... mm of nerve must…
at resting state the interior of the n…
Nodes of RA
axon
8 - 10 mm
K - potassium
Myelinated nerves have constricted sec…
Nodes of RA
The thin cable like sturcture of a neu…
axon
53 terms
Dental Hygiene: Local Anesthesia
What are the routes of local anestheti…
What are the components of a good anes…
What are aspects of biocompatibility?
What makes an anesthetic safe and effe…
Topical, submucosal (injection)
Biocompatibility, safe and effective
Non-irritable, nontoxic, non-allergenic, bio- transforms, rev…
- Works with area tissues (nerves)... - Short onset, no residual…
What are the routes of local anestheti…
Topical, submucosal (injection)
What are the components of a good anes…
Biocompatibility, safe and effective
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Nerve NOT associated with the mandibul…
Foramen Ovale
Incisive Foramen
Sensory
Infraorbital nerve
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Foramen Ovale
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Incisive Foramen
73 terms
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Nerve NOT associated with the mandibul…
Teeth that PSA innervates
Foramen Ovale
Sensory
Infraorbital nerve
1st, 2nd, and 3rd maxillary molars, but may not innervate MB…
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Foramen Ovale
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Sensory
82 terms
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Nerve NOT associated with the mandibul…
Foramen Ovale
Incisive Foramen
Sensory
Infraorbital nerve
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Foramen Ovale
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Incisive Foramen
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Nerve NOT associated with the mandibul…
Teeth that PSA innervates
Foramen Ovale
Sensory
Infraorbital nerve
1st, 2nd, and 3rd maxillary molars, but may not innervate MB…
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Foramen Ovale
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Sensory
71 terms
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Nerve NOT associated with the mandibul…
Teeth that PSA innervates
Foramen Ovale
Sensory
Infraorbital nerve
1st, 2nd, and 3rd maxillary molars, but may not innervate MB…
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Foramen Ovale
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Sensory
73 terms
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Nerve NOT associated with the mandibul…
Foramen Ovale
Incisive Foramen
Sensory
Infraorbital nerve
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Foramen Ovale
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Incisive Foramen
79 terms
Dental hygiene local anesthesia
Purpose of local anesthesia
What kind of supervision is needed?
Indications for use of LA
Advantages of LA
Loss of sensation in a limited area of the body caused by dep…
Direct- doctor is there watching
Scaling with hemorragic tissues... Root planing with sensitivity…
Pt. confort... Pt. acceptance of treatment... Operator confort... Oper…
Purpose of local anesthesia
Loss of sensation in a limited area of the body caused by dep…
What kind of supervision is needed?
Direct- doctor is there watching
Dental Hygiene: Local Anesthesia
What are the routes of local anestheti…
What are the components of a good anes…
What are aspects of biocompatibility?
What makes an anesthetic safe and effe…
Topical, submucosal (injection)
Biocompatibility, safe and effective
Non-irritable, nontoxic, non-allergenic, bio- transforms, rev…
- Works with area tissues (nerves)... - Short onset, no residual…
What are the routes of local anestheti…
Topical, submucosal (injection)
What are the components of a good anes…
Biocompatibility, safe and effective
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Maxillary division of Trigeminal Nerve…
Nerve NOT associated with the mandibul…
Foramen Ovale
Incisive Foramen
Sensory
Infraorbital nerve
Where mandibular nerve passes through…
Foramen Ovale
Where nasopalatine nerve passes through
Incisive Foramen
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia Boards
Local anesthetic dissociate into
Unionized form
Ionized form
Inflamed tissue
Unionized form (free base)... Ionized form (cation)
Diffuse through nerve membrane
Keeps the membrane channel closed (blocks Sodium ions)
Low pH, difficult to anesthetize
Local anesthetic dissociate into
Unionized form (free base)... Ionized form (cation)
Unionized form
Diffuse through nerve membrane
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia Boards
Local anesthetic dissociate into
Unionized form
Ionized form
Inflamed tissue
Unionized form (free base)... Ionized form (cation)
Diffuse through nerve membrane
Keeps the membrane channel closed (blocks Sodium ions)
Low pH, difficult to anesthetize
Local anesthetic dissociate into
Unionized form (free base)... Ionized form (cation)
Unionized form
Diffuse through nerve membrane
45 terms
Local Anesthesia properties WREB review Dental Hygiene
Short acting LA
Intermediate
Long
lidocaine (brand names)
3% Mepivicaine (plain); 2% Lido (plain); 4% Prilocaine (plain…
2% Lido 1:100,000 or 1:50,000; 2% Mepiviaine 1:20,000 levono;…
4% Lido 1:200,000; .5% Bupivacaine 1:200,000
xylocaine, octocaine, lignospan
Short acting LA
3% Mepivicaine (plain); 2% Lido (plain); 4% Prilocaine (plain…
Intermediate
2% Lido 1:100,000 or 1:50,000; 2% Mepiviaine 1:20,000 levono;…
Local Anesthesia properties WREB review Dental Hygiene
Short acting LA
Intermediate
Long
lidocaine (brand names)
3% Mepivicaine (plain); 2% Lido (plain); 4% Prilocaine (plain…
2% Lido 1:100,000 or 1:50,000; 2% Mepiviaine 1:20,000 levono;…
4% Lido 1:200,000; .5% Bupivacaine 1:200,000
xylocaine, octocaine, lignospan
Short acting LA
3% Mepivicaine (plain); 2% Lido (plain); 4% Prilocaine (plain…
Intermediate
2% Lido 1:100,000 or 1:50,000; 2% Mepiviaine 1:20,000 levono;…
419 terms
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthesia Study Boards
pain perception
What are 2 ways we control pain in den…
What is behavioral Method?
What are some pharmacological methods?
fear of pain, keeps seeking dental care
1. Behavioral Method... 2. Pharmacological Method
breathing exercise, meditation, acupuncture
1. LA... 2. Inhalation (nitrous)... 3. sedation oral premedication…
pain perception
fear of pain, keeps seeking dental care
What are 2 ways we control pain in den…
1. Behavioral Method... 2. Pharmacological Method
24 terms
Chapter 1: Local Anesthesia in Dental Hygiene Practice
What potent drug used for pain control…
What drug did Horace Wells first intro…
All of the following are reasons why p…
Injectable amides are recommended over…
Morphine
Nitrous Oxide
D. It was addictive
Less risk of allergic reactions and increased potency
What potent drug used for pain control…
Morphine
What drug did Horace Wells first intro…
Nitrous Oxide
11 terms
Dental Hygiene - Local Anesthesia - Drug Interactions
Esters Interact with?
Opoid analgesics can interact with?
When can LA methoglobinemia be induced?
What do you want to avoid when a patie…
Sulfonamides - Esters aren't injected anymore in dentistry an…
Local anesthetic - Increased risk for LA overdose, concern w/…
When prilocaine is administered in access.
Norepinephrine and levonodefrin. - CVS actions are increased…
Esters Interact with?
Sulfonamides - Esters aren't injected anymore in dentistry an…
Opoid analgesics can interact with?
Local anesthetic - Increased risk for LA overdose, concern w/…
Chapter 1: Local Anesthesia in Dental Hygiene Practice
Pain
What are pain relievers routinely refe…
Local anesthesia
Pain control
an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience and can be tho…
analgesics
creates a numbing feeling that eliminates the feeling of sens…
the mechanism that alleviates pain
Pain
an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience and can be tho…
What are pain relievers routinely refe…
analgesics
130 terms
Dental Hygiene-Local Anesthetic
Several of the more potent injectable…
The shelf life of a local anesthetic c…
Which type of injection provides a lon…
Which problem is a result of a cartrid…
True
False: shorter shelf life
Nerve Block
Extruded Stopper
Several of the more potent injectable…
True
The shelf life of a local anesthetic c…
False: shorter shelf life
29 terms
Local Anesthesia for Dental Hygienist
Mepivacaine 3%
0.5mg/mL
Only when a vasoconstrictor is added
Infection causes a decrease in the pH…
Which of the following anesthetics has the shortest duration…
Levonordefrin has how many mg/mL of vasoconstrictor?
When is Sodium bicarbonate added to local anesthetic solution
What is the main reason anesthesia fails to occur near an abs…
Mepivacaine 3%
Which of the following anesthetics has the shortest duration…
0.5mg/mL
Levonordefrin has how many mg/mL of vasoconstrictor?
72 terms
Basics of Local Dental Anesthesia
Two types of Local anesthesia (LA)
What do Vasoconstrictors (if added) do?
What do Antioxidants do
What does Sodium Hydroxide do?
- Amide: Principle injectable, Low allergy factor... -Ester: Hig…
Retards absorption, reduces toxicity, and prolongs action
Prolongs shelf life
Adjusts pH
Two types of Local anesthesia (LA)
- Amide: Principle injectable, Low allergy factor... -Ester: Hig…
What do Vasoconstrictors (if added) do?
Retards absorption, reduces toxicity, and prolongs action
66 terms
Anatomy of Local Anesthesia for Dental Hygienists
Supraperiosteal Injection
Nerve Block
Paresthesia
Greater Palatine Nerve
(also called local infiltration) Injection that anesthetizes…
Injection that anesthetizes larger area than supraperiosteal…
Abnormal sensation of burning or prickling from an area
What is the name of this nerve?
Supraperiosteal Injection
(also called local infiltration) Injection that anesthetizes…
Nerve Block
Injection that anesthetizes larger area than supraperiosteal…
21 terms
Hygiene- Local Anesthesia Nervous System
Neuron
Nerve
Synapse
Ganglion
Cellular component of the nervous system composed of cell bod…
Bundle of neural processes outside the CNS and in the PNS
Junction between 2 neurons or between a neuron and an effecto…
Accumulation of neuron cell bodies outside the CNS
Neuron
Cellular component of the nervous system composed of cell bod…
Nerve
Bundle of neural processes outside the CNS and in the PNS
Local Anesthesia for Dental Specialties
How will anesthetics provide hemostasis?
If a tissue is infected or inflamed wh…
Infiltrations
Local anesthetic absolute contraindica…
1. It must be directly injected into the area needing hemosta…
You would use a nerve block instead of infiltration, because…
Provide adequate anesthesia for primary teeth and nerve block…
1. Ester drug allergy... 2. Local anesthetic allergy
How will anesthetics provide hemostasis?
1. It must be directly injected into the area needing hemosta…
If a tissue is infected or inflamed wh…
You would use a nerve block instead of infiltration, because…
22 terms
Hygiene- Local Anesthesia Skeletal System
Regions of the Head
Incisive Foramen
Maxillary Tuberosity
Foramen Ovale
- Frontal... - Parietal... - Occipital... - Temporal... - Orbital... - Nasal…
Foramen in the Maxilla that carries branches of the right and…
Elevation on the posterior aspect of the maxilla that is perf…
Mandibular Division of the Cranial Nerve V
Regions of the Head
- Frontal... - Parietal... - Occipital... - Temporal... - Orbital... - Nasal…
Incisive Foramen
Foramen in the Maxilla that carries branches of the right and…
local anesthesia for dentals
why do we use local anesthesia in dent…
what is the onset of action for lidoca…
what is the duration of lidocaine?
what is the toxic dose of lidocaine?
Providing local anesthesia for dental extractions is an easy…
2-10 minutes
Duration- 20min-2 hours
Toxic dosage-5mg/kg
why do we use local anesthesia in dent…
Providing local anesthesia for dental extractions is an easy…
what is the onset of action for lidoca…
2-10 minutes
34 terms
Hygiene- Local Anesthesia Vascular System
3 components of the Vascular System
Vascular System is Important to know b…
Plexus
Anastomoses
- Arterial Blood... - Capillary Network... - Venus Drainage
- can spread disease... - can spread cancerous cells faster than…
Large Network of blood vessels
The connecting channel among vessels
3 components of the Vascular System
- Arterial Blood... - Capillary Network... - Venus Drainage
Vascular System is Important to know b…
- can spread disease... - can spread cancerous cells faster than…
66 terms
Anatomy of Local Anesthesia for Dental Hygienists
Supraperiosteal Injection
Nerve Block
Paresthesia
Greater Palatine Nerve
(also called local infiltration) Injection that anesthetizes…
Injection that anesthetizes larger area than supraperiosteal…
Abnormal sensation of burning or prickling from an area
What is the name of this nerve?
Supraperiosteal Injection
(also called local infiltration) Injection that anesthetizes…
Nerve Block
Injection that anesthetizes larger area than supraperiosteal…
85 terms
Local Anesthesia for the Pediatric Dental Patient
What are the considerations for local…
What are the cranial nerves and their…
Identify the three divisions of the tr…
Identify the branches of the opthalmic…
-Anesthetic dose and overdose... -Complications related to prolo…
What are the considerations for local…
-Anesthetic dose and overdose... -Complications related to prolo…
What are the cranial nerves and their…
Dose Calculations for Local Anesthetic solutions (Dental Hygiene)
What is the necessary information need…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
If a 100% solution, by definition cont…
A cartridge that contains 1.8 ml of so…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
100 mg/ml
36 mg/ml of drug (20 mg/ml X 1.8 ml/cart. = 36 mg/ml)
What is the necessary information need…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
25 terms
Local Anesthesia for the Pediatric Dental Patient
25 gauge needles
27 gauge needles
25 or 27 gauge short
25 or 27 gauge long
Red
yellow
infiltrations
nerve blocks
25 gauge needles
Red
27 gauge needles
yellow
48 terms
Dental Hygiene - Ch1. Neurophysiology - Local Anesthetic
Sensory
Motor
Neuron
Sensory (Afferent)
Afferent (A - Feeling)... Carries sensory neurons toward spinal…
Efferent (Effect)... Conducts signals away from the brain or spi…
Nerve Cell... Structural unit of the nervous system... Transmits me…
1. Transmits pain... 2. Peripheral process (dendritic zone) : fr…
Sensory
Afferent (A - Feeling)... Carries sensory neurons toward spinal…
Motor
Efferent (Effect)... Conducts signals away from the brain or spi…
5 terms
Dental Hygiene Local Anesthetic, Supra-periosteal Infiltration (SI)
Gauge: 25 or 27... Length: Short... Penetrat…
Height of MB fold lateral to tooth
Pulp of Individual tooth and overlying…
Syringe is parallel to long axis of to…
Supra-periosteal Infiltration (SI) - Needle gauge, length, de…
Supra-periosteal Infiltration (SI) - Penetration site?
Supra-periosteal Infiltration (SI) - Tissues anaesthetized?
Supra-periosteal Infiltration (SI) - Angle of delivery and pe…
Gauge: 25 or 27... Length: Short... Penetrat…
Supra-periosteal Infiltration (SI) - Needle gauge, length, de…
Height of MB fold lateral to tooth
Supra-periosteal Infiltration (SI) - Penetration site?
58 terms
IPAP 1-15 Dental - Local Anesthesia
Role of local anesthetics
Sensory divisions of Trigeminal nerve
Motor division of Trigeminal nerve
Maxillary Division (V2) of sensory tri…
Decrease intraoperative and postop pain... Decrease amount of g…
Ophthalmic division V1... Maxillary division V2... Mandibular div…
Masticatory... -Massseter... -Temporalis... -Medial and lateral pteryg…
Inter-cranial... Pterygopalatine... Infraorbital... Facial... *Divide…
Role of local anesthetics
Decrease intraoperative and postop pain... Decrease amount of g…
Sensory divisions of Trigeminal nerve
Ophthalmic division V1... Maxillary division V2... Mandibular div…
8 terms
Management of Dental Pain & Anxiety - Pictures of Local Anesthesia Block Types
IA Block
Buccal Block
Incisive Block
PSA block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
IA Block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
Buccal Block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
Management of Dental Pain & Anxiety - Pictures of Local Anesthesia Block Types
IA Block
Buccal Block
Incisive Block
PSA block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
IA Block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
Buccal Block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
14 terms
Dose Calculations for Local Anesthetic solutions (Dental Hygiene)
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
If a 100% solution, by definition cont…
A cartridge that contains 1.8 ml of so…
If a 100% solution, by definition cont…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
100 mg/ml
36 mg/ml of drug (20 mg/ml X 1.8 ml/cart. = 36 mg/ml)
20 mg/ml of drug
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
If a 100% solution, by definition cont…
100 mg/ml
15 terms
Dose Calculations for Local Anesthetic solutions (Dental Hygiene)
What is the necessary information need…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
If a 100% solution, by definition cont…
A cartridge that contains 1.8 ml of so…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
100 mg/ml
36 mg/ml of drug (20 mg/ml X 1.8 ml/cart. = 36 mg/ml)
What is the necessary information need…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
15 terms
Dose Calculations for Local Anesthetic solutions (Dental Hygiene)
What is the necessary information need…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
If a 100% solution, by definition cont…
A cartridge that contains 1.8 ml of so…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
100 mg/ml
36 mg/ml of drug (20 mg/ml X 1.8 ml/cart. = 36 mg/ml)
What is the necessary information need…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
15 terms
Dose Calculations for Local Anesthetic solutions (Dental Hygiene)
What is the necessary information need…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
If a 100% solution, by definition cont…
A cartridge that contains 1.8 ml of so…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
100 mg/ml
36 mg/ml of drug (20 mg/ml X 1.8 ml/cart. = 36 mg/ml)
What is the necessary information need…
1. Concentration of drug... 2. Dilution percentages of vasocons…
What is the Maximum Recommended dose p…
1. Articaine 3.2 mg/per lb or 500 g max.... 2. Bupivacaine 0.6…
8 terms
Management of Dental Pain & Anxiety - Pictures of Local Anesthesia Block Types
IA Block
Buccal Block
Incisive Block
PSA block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
IA Block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
Buccal Block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
124 terms
Dental Theory Exam #3, local anesthesia and pain control
When was local anesthesia first discov…
Local anesthesia is what?
Method of anesthesia does what?
Intro to pain control?
mid 1800s and has greatly reduced pain during dental care
agent most frequently used for pain control in dentistry
provides a safe, effective, and dependable method of anesthes…
practice of various psychological, physical, and chemical app…
When was local anesthesia first discov…
mid 1800s and has greatly reduced pain during dental care
Local anesthesia is what?
agent most frequently used for pain control in dentistry
90 terms
Local anesthesia for dental professionals ch 7, 8, 13, 14, 16, 17, 21
What is the maximum does per appt. For…
What is the MRD per appt for lidocaine?
What is the MRD per appt for Mepivacai…
What is the MRD per appt for Prilocaine?
90mg
500mg
400mg
600mg
What is the maximum does per appt. For…
90mg
What is the MRD per appt for lidocaine?
500mg
11 terms
local anesthesia injection site
posterior superior alveolar
middle superior alveolar
anterior superior alveolar
infraorbital block
Pterygoid plexus, PSA artery, parotid gland
none
none
infraorbital artery
posterior superior alveolar
Pterygoid plexus, PSA artery, parotid gland
middle superior alveolar
none
44 terms
Anatomy of Local Anesthesia : Maxillary
Posterior Superior Alveolar Block (PSA)
Middle Superior Alveolar Block (MSA)
Anterior Superior Alveolar Block (ASA)
Infraorbital Block (IO)
Anesthesia for the maxillary molar teeth and associated bucca…
Anesthesia of maxillary premolars and associated buccal tissu…
Anesthesia of maxillary canine and incisors and their associa…
Anesthesia of the maxillary anterior and premolar teeth and t…
Posterior Superior Alveolar Block (PSA)
Anesthesia for the maxillary molar teeth and associated bucca…
Middle Superior Alveolar Block (MSA)
Anesthesia of maxillary premolars and associated buccal tissu…
41 terms
Local Anesthesia: Anatomic Considerations
Foramen Ovale
Foramen Spinosum
Foramen Rotundum
Fifth (V) Cranial Nerve (Trigeminal)
large anterior opening on the sphenoid bone for the mandibula…
Smaller and more posterior opening of sphenoid bone, caries m…
Located in greater wing oh the sphenoid bone.
Largest nerve of all cranial nerves.
Foramen Ovale
large anterior opening on the sphenoid bone for the mandibula…
Foramen Spinosum
Smaller and more posterior opening of sphenoid bone, caries m…
Pictures of Local Anesthesia Block Types
IA Block
Buccal Block
Incisive Block
PSA block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
IA Block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
Buccal Block
This picture shows which type of anesthesia block?
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